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高中英语书面表达的衔接与连贯课件_图文

书面表达的衔接与连贯

连接词的分类和运用
?连接词是指在文章中用来说明上下句或前 后两个意思之间关系的词或词组。连接词 通常用于开篇,引出扩展句;也可用于句 中,尤其是用于较长的复合句中,以作为 上下文的连接纽带;还可以置于文末或段 末,用于总结上文或结束本段落的内容。

1、表示平行、对等或选择关系:and, both…and, as well as, as well, neither…nor, or either…or…,not only…but also…等

? He loved swimming when he was a small boy and at eight he became a member of the diving team in Guangdong Province. (NMET 1991范文) ? I don’t know about others, but I used to have to work even at weekends doing endless homework and attending classes as well. (NMET 2001范文)

2.表示转折关系的连接词语有:but, yet, while, however, on the contrary, on the other hand, in spite of, nevertheless, although, otherwise 等

?On the other hand, 40% think that fee should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers. (NMET 2002范文) ?While they were working, my sister walked to a river nearby. (NMET范文)

3.表示因果关系的连接词:for, so, therefore, as a result, because of, due to, owing to, thanks to,

?He stopped us about half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender. So come on, stand here. (NMET 1997范文) ?He didn’t work hard, as a result, he failed in the exam.

4.表示时间顺序的连接词:at first, first, second…, then, next, later, meanwhile, in the end, finally, after that, since then, for the first time, at last, eventually, as soon as, the next moment,shortly after, for one thing, for another thing 等

? After that I went to No.6 Middle School of Dalian and graduated this summer. .(NMET1996范文) ? The next moment the car hit the man while he was crossing the road.(NMET2000范文)

5.表示空间顺序的连接词:on the right, to the left, on one side of,…, on the other side of…. At the foot\top\end\ of…, in the middle\center of…, 等

?On one side of the road there is a new classroom building. On the other side, where the playground used to be now, stands another new building—our library.(NMET1999 范文) ?In it there are all kinds of books, newspapers and magazines.(NMET1999范文)

6.表示解释说明的连接词:that is (to say), in other words, such as, for example\instance, namely, actually, to tell you the truth according to this ,and so on 等

? I can follow my own interests such as reading books, visiting museums and taking computer lessons.(NMET2001范文) ?In other words , I love my hometown and the people there.

7.表递进关系的连接词:what’s more\worse\better, besides, in addition, worse still, to make things worse, moreover, furthermore, above all, not only… but also等 ? What’s more , it will become necessary to build gates and walls (NMET2002范文) ? In the evenings I can watch news on TV or read newspapers. What’s more ,I can go to bed earlier.(NMET2001范文) ? In addition to meeting the need of markets at home, its products are shipped to many countries.

8.表示总结的连接词:in short, in brief, in a word, in general, as you know, as far as I know ,on the whole, to sum up等

?In short, things have begun to improve since schools were called on to reduce the learning load.(NMET2001范文) ?In a word, great changes have taken place in our village. 连接词在文章中起着重要作用,千万不可忽 视!!!

2.表示总结
? in a word (总之), altogether(总之)等。如: ? Smoking costs us much money and it can easily cause a big fire. In a word, smoking can do us much harm.吸烟耗费许多金钱,而且 容易造成火灾。总之,吸烟会给我们带来很多危 害。 ? She is kind; she is diligent; she is clever. Altogether, she is a good girl. ? 她善良、勤奋、聪明。总之,她是一个好女孩。

3.表示情绪
?to one’s joy(令某人高兴的是), ?to one’s surprise (令某人惊讶的是), to one’s disappointment (令某人失望的是), ?to one’s pride (令某人自豪的是), ?to one’s satisfaction (令某人满意的是), ? to one’s horror (令某人惊恐的是) 等。

1.表达普遍规律
?generally speaking(一般说来), ?in general(一般说来), ?all in all(总的说来)等。 ?如:Generally speaking, it is not so cold in February. 一般说来,二月份不是很冷。 ?All in all, drinking isn’t so good to us. 一般说 来,喝酒对我们没有什么好处。

?如:To my joy, my son passed the exam with a very high mark. 令我高兴的是,我 儿子以高分通过了这次考试。

?To my surprise, he dared to get angry with his teacher. 令我惊讶的是, 他竟敢生老师 的气。
?To my disappointment, the famous actress didn’t attend the party. 令我失望的是, 这 个著名的女演员没有参加宴会。

?To our pride, our country has set up another man-made satellite. 令我们骄傲的 是, 我们国家又发射了一颗人造卫星。 ?To my satisfaction, he answered the question correctly. 令我满意的是,他准确 地回答了这个问题。 ?To my horror, the baby fell out of the cradle.

4.表示转折关系
?however (然而,无论如何), nevertheless (然而,不过)等。 ?如:This problem is very difficult; however, it is very important.这个问题 很难,然而很重要。 ?There was no news; nevertheless, she went on hoping. 尽管毫无音讯,她还盼望 者。

5.表示顺序
? first (第一,首先), second (第二), then (然后), at last (最后), in the end (最后) 等。 如: ? You have many things to do. First, you should clean the room. 你有许多事情要做,首先应该打 扫一下房间。 ? He stayed in Beijing for some time; then, he went to Shanghai. 他在北京呆了一段时间, 然后 去了上海。 ? At first ,I thought it difficult to learn English, but in the end I changed my mnd. ? 以开始我认为英语难学,但最后我改变了看法。

一. 模仿练习
?用例句中的过渡词汇补全下列各句,每空 一词。 ?1.Generally speaking, men are much stronger than women. 一般说来, 男子 比女子强壮得多。 Generally speaking ?______ ________ , girl are much more gentle than boys.

?2. All in all, your article is well-written. 总 得说来,你的文章写得很好。 All in all ?______ ____ _____, this story is very interesting.

?3. This film is wonderful. This film is instructive. In a word, it is a good film.这部 电影很精彩,而且很有教育意义。 总之,这 是一部好电影。 ?Your suggestion is thoughtful. Your suggestion if practical. In a word ?____ ______ _____, it is a good suggestion.

?4.To my joy, she was admitted into a famous university. 令我高兴的是,她被一所 著名的大学录取了。 To my joy ?____ ____ _____, he managed to win the prize.

?5. To my surprise, she refused his invitation to dance with him. 令我惊讶的 是,她拒绝他的邀请——跟他一起跳舞。 ?_____ ____ ______ , he didn’t carry To promise to come to see me. out his my surprise

?6. The reality is cruel. However, you should face it.现实是残酷的,然而你应该面对它。 ?This match was very important. _______, he lost it. However

?7.You must get ready for this exam. First, you must go over all your notes. 你必须为这次考试做好准备。 首先你应该 复习所有笔记。 ?You must listen to your parents. First _______, you should have breakfast on time.

?8.At first, he tried to lift the stone. But at last he gave up. 一开始他想劲力举起这快石 头,但最后放弃了。 ?At first, he didn’t understand me. But ____ at last ____ he supported me strongly.

?9.To my disappointment, he failed to pass the exam. 令我失望的是,他没能通过 这次考试。 To my disappointment ?___ ____ _________ , she didn't do anything for me.

?10.In general, it is warm in April. 一般说 来,四月份天气很暖和。 ?____general girls are more careful than In ______, boys.

二. 补充句子
?根据中文意思,将下列英文句子补充完整。 ?1.你给了我许多帮助,也给了我许多鼓舞。 总之,没有你我不能成功。 ?You gave me much help and In a word encouragement. ___ ___ ____, I couldn’t have succeeded without you.

?2.总的说来,你的回答不太令人满意。 All in all ?____ ____ _____, your answer is not so satifying. ?3.一般说来没物理比数学难学得多。 Generally_______, physics is much more speaking ?_____ difficult than mathematics.

?4.令我满意的是,他数学考试得了满分。 To my satisfaction ?___ ____ _____, he got full marks in the mathematics exam. ?5.令我惊恐的是, 我卡见他从树上摔了下来。 To my horror ?____ ____ ______, I saw him fall down from the tree. ?6.这辆自行车真的很漂亮,然而我没钱买。 ?This bike is really very beautiful. ______, I have no money to buy it. Nevertheless

?7.他首先去了法国,然后又去了美国。 then ?First, he went to France; _______ he went to America. ?8.令我高兴的是, 我终于说服她改变了主 意。 ?____ _____ _____ . I finally persuaded To my joy her to change her mind.

? 9.一开始他反对我的计划, 但最后他支持我的计划了。 ? At firsthe was against my plan, but In the end ? ___ ______ _____ he was for it. ? 10.你必须购买一些生活必需品。 你必须了解一些关于 这个国家的信息。总之, 你必须为这次旅行做好准备。 ? You should buy some living necessities. You should learn something about this country. ___ In must get ___ _____, you a word everything ready for this journey.

三. 行文逻辑训练
?阅读短文,选择适当的过渡性词汇填空。

first, what’s worse, in my opinion, besides,now

Now ? ___1___ many middle school students

are fat and there are reasons for it. Some eat too much met and too many snacks. Some sit too long but seldom exercise. ? Getting fat has quite a few disavantages. ____2_____, being fat First makes it difficult for one to walk or move as others.

What’s more ?___3____, to be fat usually means to be weak, and it is easy for a fat person to suffer from many kinds of diseases. At the same time. A fat person gets tired easily, which decreases his study efficency. ? ____4_____, to be fat is not a good thing for In middle students. We should try to eat less us my opinion meat but more vegetables. _________ we should try our best to take part in all kinds of sports. If so, we are sure to lose weight and Besides stay healthy.

四. 篇章结构训练
?给下面的书面表达的主题句排序: ?你班同学参加了《学生双语报》组织的一 场头论。讨论的主题是:城市内是否可以 饲养宠物。请你根据下表所提供的信息, 给该报社写一篇文章,介绍讨论情况,并 说明自己的观点或建议。用5个句子完成文 章。

反对养宠物的同学认为

支持养宠物的同学认为

1.造成环境污染 2.可能会商人

1.与孤寡老人做伴 2.人与动物和谐相处, 能增添生活情趣

? A. Some students are against the idea of keeping pets. ? B.Some students think it’s a good idea to keep pets. ? C.I think we can keep pets at home but we must prevent them from polluting our emvironment. ? D.Recently we have had a heated discussion on whether people should keep pets or not at home in cities. ? E.In general, opinions differ from people to people.

? 5. An Announcement Boys and girls, May I have (take) your attention, please. There will be a lecture at half past three on Friday afternoon. It’s about “Information and English Study”. And it will be given by Mr Li Ping who is a famous teacher from the English Department. There’s sure to be something instructive and interesting. We can get more information from it, I think. And it will improve our English studies to a new stage. Anyone who wants to attend it can come to Room 206. Take notes and have a discussion after it. Please come here on time. That’s all.

?6. May I have your attention, please? As you know, our class will have a talk show on environment protection with Class One on May 4th. Before it takes place, we will invite Dr. Lil from Qinghua University to give us a talk on the environment problem and he will also tell us about the improvement in environment protection in recent years in Beijing.

?The report will begin at 2:00 pm on Wednesday, April 30th in the auditorium on the third floor in the classroom building. I’m sure we can get enough information from his talk to make good preparations for the coming talk show. Everyone should be there on time, then listen to the report and make full notes at the same time. By the way, we will have a discussion after the report. That’s all. Thank you.


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