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【Ks5u原创】2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 课时作业(新课标专用)Book2 Unit5 Word版含解析

Unit 5 Music

Ⅰ.单项填空(建议用时 8′)

1.The four mountain climbers at last arrived at________ they called “Mo Tian Ling”.

A.that

B.what

C.whatever

D.which

2.When you come here for your holiday next time,don’t go to ________ hotel;I can find

you ________ bed in my flat.(2011·烟台模拟)

A.the;a B.the;/ C.a;the D.a;/

3.Tom pretended________ it,but in fact,he knew it very well a long time ago.

A.not to listen to

B.not to hear about C.not to have heard about D.not to be listening to

4.—You seem to get lost.Need help?

—________ A.Yes,give me a hand,please. B.Help me find my bag,please. C.I’m looking for the No.1 bus.

D.Yes,would you please help me with the bag?

5.Many fossils (化石) of the same kind of dinosaurs have been dug out from one place.They________ when an entire group of dinosaurs got stuck all at once.(2011·潍坊调研)
A.might be formed B.could have been formed

C.might have formed

D.should have formed

6.American women usually identify their best friend as someone ________ they can talk

frequently. A.who

B.as

C.about which

D.with whom

7.________ my hometown take on a new look,a sense of________ suddenly appeared in my mind.(2010·河南炎陵统考)
A.Having seen;joy B.Seeing;happiness C.While I saw;delight D.When I saw;pride

8.We should________primary importance to job training.(2011·莱芜调研)

A.concentrate

B.devote

C.attach

D.emphasize

9.I think I can come,but don’t________.

A.depend on

B.rely on it

C.want it

D.make it

10.She is very________ to me but I can’t remember her name.

A.familiar

B.similar

C.known

D.alike

11.When the peace talk failed.There was a very fear that war may ________ at anytime.

A.break off

B.break up

C.break out

D.break down

12.It isn’t so much whether he works hard.The question is whether he works ________.

A.above all

B.at all

C.in all

D.after all

13.She is easy to________.

A.work on

B.work with

C.work for

D.work at

14.Because of my________ English,I can’t make myself________.

A.broken;understood

B.broken;understand

C.break;understand

D.breaking;understanding

15.This is a serious accident________ by an experienced worker.(2010·衡水一中模拟)

A.caused

B.having been caused

C.to be caused

D.being caused

Ⅱ.阅读理解(建议用时 7′)

A serious problem for today’s society is who should be responsible for the old and how to improve their lives.It is not only a financial problem but also a question of the system we want for our society.I would like to suggest several possible solutions to this problem.
First,employers should take the responsibility for their retired employees.To make this possible,a percentage of profits should be set aside for this purpose.But when a company must take lifelong responsibility for its employees,it may suffer from a commercial disadvantage due to
higher employee costs. Another way of solving the problem is to return the responsibility to the individual.This
means each person must save during his working years to pay for his years of retirement.This does not seem a very fair model since some people have enough trouble paying for their daily life without trying to earn extra to cover their retirement years.This means the government might have to step in to care for the poor.
In addition,the government could take the responsibility for the care of the old.This could be financed through government taxes to increase the level of pensions.Furthermore , some institutions should be created for senior citizens,which can help provide a comfortable life for them.Unfortunately,as the present situation in our country shows,this is not a truly viable answer.The government can seldom afford to care for the old,particularly when it is busy trying to
care for the young. One further solution is that the government or social organizations establish some workplaces
especially for the old where they are independent. To sum up,all these options have advantages and disadvantages.Therefore,it is reasonable to
expect that some combination of these options may be needed to provide the care we hope to give to the old generations.
16.What is the passage mainly about? A.The problem faced by the old in society. B.Why we should take responsibility for the old. C.How we can improve the lives of the old. D.Where the old can go to get their pensions. 17.According to the passage,how can the government help to improve the lives of the retired
people? A.Set aside some profits to help people with problems after they retire. B.Increase saving levels of people during their working years. C.Increase the discounts for food and transport for the old.

D.Make available pensions for those who have retired.

18.The underlined word “viable” most probably means “________”.

A.impossible

B.practical

C.useful

D.successful

19.What can be concluded from the passage?

A.Taking care of the old is mainly an issue of money.

B.Employers should allow their workers to retire at a later age.

C.Becoming independent should be the goal of most old people.

D.There is no single solution to the problem of the old.

20.What is the writer’s main purpose of writing this passage?

A.To point out the need for government supporting for old people.

B.To make general readers aware of the problems of the retired people.

C.To discuss some possible solutions to an important social problem.

D.To instruct the retired people on how they can have a happier life.

Ⅲ.写作(建议用时 25′)

假如你是高三学生李华,请给你的英语老师王老师写一封信,告诉他大家对他教学的感

受,内容包括:

1.大家对他总体评价较高; 2.具有独特的、使课堂生动活泼的方法; 3.知识渊博,且对学生很有耐心; 4.就如何帮助英语基础薄弱的学生,向他提一些建议(内容自拟)。 注意:1.词数 120~150; 2.可适当增加细节。

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________
答案
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.B [what 引导名词性从句,在从句中作宾语。]
2.A [go to the hotel 是指去旅店住宿,find you a bed 是指为你安置一张床,引申为有

你住的地方。正确答案为 A。]

3.C [由后句可知,此处应为“假装没听说过”,hear about 应发生在 pretend 之前,故

用其完成时,因此选 C 项。] 4.A 5.B [表示对过去事实的推测,且应是“化石被形成”。故选 B 项。]

6.D [talk with sb.是固定搭配。 ]

7.D [句意为:当我看到家乡呈现新貌的时候,一种

自豪感油然而生。a sense of...不能作 see 的逻辑主语,故 A、B 两项不对。]

8.C [attach importance to...重视……。]

9.B [句意为:我想我能来,但是不一定。rely on 指望,相信……,符合句意。]

10.A [句意为:她为我所熟悉,但我不能记起她的名字。故选 A 项。be familiar to sb.

为某人所熟悉。known 前不用 very 修饰,而用 well。] 11.C

12.B [由句意“……,问题是他是否真的工作了。”可知应选 at all,“到底,究竟”,以

加强语气。]

13.B [在句型“主语+形容词+不定式”结构中,不定式的动作与句子主语能构成逻辑

上的动宾关系,用主动形式表被动意义。句意为:她很容易共事。]

14.A [broken 作形容词,意为“结结巴巴的;不流利的”;make oneself done 使自己

被……。]

15.A [此句为过去分词作定语。] 得分策略

得分点9:whatever与what引导名词性从句时的正确运用

[经典例题]
boss. A.what C.which

It is very hard for Mary to work there,for ________ she does can’t satisfy her
B.whatever D.whichever

错因分析 有些考生认为后面的主语从句缺少宾语,并且也没有范围要求,于是误选 A。

其实,根据句子“It is very hard for Mary to work there”可知,老板是不管什么事都对 Mary 不

满意,于是选 B。 [得分笔记] what 与 whatever 都可引导名词性从句,这既是高考中的一个重要考点,也
是英语学习中的一个难点。what 引导名词性从句时,意为“……做的事情”,暗含一次性 的、具体的事情;而 whatever 相当于 anything that,意为“……做的任何事情”,强调各种 不同的情况。如:
I’m always ready to do whatever the Party demands. I have tried my best to do what I can to help her. Ⅱ.阅读理解
16.C [主旨大意题。根据第一段中的“I would like to suggest several possible solutions to

this problem.”和下文中提到的四个方面的内容可知 C 项正确。]

17.D [细节理解题。根据第四段中的“This could be financed through government taxes to

increase the level of pensions.”可知,政府通过税收增加老人的抚恤金,以改善他们的生活。

故答案为 D 项。]

18.B [词义猜测题。不幸的是,我们国家目前的状况表明,这不是一种真正可实行的

解决方法。根据语境可知,该词的意思是“实际的,可行的”。因此 B 项正确。]
19.D [推理判断题。根据最后一段内容可知,上文介绍的各种方法都有优缺点,所
以单独一种方法并不能奏效,采用结合起来的方法会更好,这和 D 项一致。]
20.C [作者意图题。文章讨论了关注老人及其生活的问题,并提出了一系列的解决措
施。由此可知,作者的写作目的是讨论一个重要社会问题的一些可能的解决方法。] 得分策略 在阅读理解中遇到词义猜测题,如何进行猜测?(一) 阅读理解中经常出现一定量的生词,并且几乎每份高考试卷中都有考查猜测词义的试
题。阅读理解中所设置的猜测词义题多是对生词、短语、指示代词的猜测。一方面,所猜测 的单词或短语往往是已学过的或熟悉的,但高考所考查的是不太常见的意思;另一方面所猜 测的单词或短语往往是没有学过的或陌生的。所考查的单词或短语的意义往往不停留在字面 上,要根据语境来判断。我们也可以通过构词法分析生词词义,或通过上下文猜测,尤其是 本句话以及其前后两句话。
还可以通过联想进行推测,即回想已知词汇中是否存在拼写方法与该生词类似的词。常 用的猜词技巧有:
1.利用副词或连词的并列、对比、因果等关系 副词或连词的关系可以在句内词与词之间,在段内句与句之间的关系上起着互为线索的 作用。如在词或短语之间有并列连词 and 或 or,这些词或短语在句中作相同的成分,并且 and 或 or 连接的两项内容在含义上是接近的或递进的,因此确定同等关系中的某个生词所属 的义域,甚至推知它的大致词义。在 but,however,yet,otherwise 这些表示转折意义的连 词出现的句子中,其前后的词有明显的对比关系。根据已知的内容,通过这种对比关系,就 很容易猜出生词的词义了。because,since 与 as 是连接原因状语从句的从属连词,so 是连接 表示结果的并列句的连词,so...that 与 such...that 中的 that 是连接结果状语从句的。当这些信 息词出现在有生词的句中,通过因果关系和已知部分,就能猜测出生词的词义;还有通过近 义词或反义词提供的信息猜出生词的词义。 [经典例题] Honesty comes in many forms.First there’s self-honesty.Is what people see the real article or do you appear_through_smoke_and_mirrors?I find that if I try to be something I’m not,I feel unsure of myself and take out a part from my PBA(personal bank account).I love how singer Judy Garland put it,“Always be a first-class version(版本) of yourself,instead of a second-class version of somebody else.” 49.The underlined part “appear through smoke and mirrors” in the first paragraph means “________”. A.to be honest B.to be unreal C.to become clear D.to come from an imagined world
答案解析 B 由于句中的“real”和“or”可知此处形成了一种对比。整个句子的大意是:
人们看到的都是真实的吗?或者你所展示的是真实的自己吗? Ⅲ.写作
Dear Mr.Wang, I am writing to tell you how we feel about your teaching in our class.All of us students think
highly of your way of teaching,as you can always make your class lively and interesting.In addition,you are such a learned man that we can learn a lot from you and most important of all, you are patient with us.Frankly,you have built up our confidence in learning English well.
Some of us are still poor at English and need your help.We hope you will speak a little bit slowly so that we can understand you better.Besides,would you please spend more time with us, joining in our after-school activities so that we can have more chances to practice our oral English?

I believe we can make great progress with your help.

Yours, Li Hua


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