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高考英语大纲七级、八级词汇表


说明: 本词汇表 I 单词是在《课程标准》七级 词汇的基础上进行了调整,共收入单词约 2 500 个, 其中带*号的单词共 131 个, 只要求 理解,其余的单词要求掌握。 A a(an) art ability n able a aboard prep about ad&prep above prep,a&ad abroad a&ad absent a absorb v *academic a&n accent n accept v accident n *accurate a accuse v ache v&n achieve v achievement n *acid a *acre n across prep act n&v action n active a activity n actor n actress n actual a AD n ad=advertisement n add v address n *administration n admire v admit v adult n advance v&n advantage n

adventure n advertise v advertisement n advice n advise v affair n afford v afraid a Africa n African a&n after ad,prep&conj afternoon n afterward(s) ad again ad against prep age n ago ad agree v agreement n ahead ad aid n&v AIDS n aim n&v air n aircraft n airline n airmail n airplane n airport n airspace n *alcohol n alike ad alive a all ad,a&pron *allergic a allow v almost ad alone a along ad&prep aloud ad *alphabet n already ad also ad although conj

altogether ad always ad a.m. /am,A.M./AM n amaze v amazing a America n *ambassador (ambassadress) n ambulance n among prep amount n&v amusement n *analyse v *analysis n *ancestor n ancient a and conj anger n angle n angry a animal n *ankle n announce v annoy v another a & pron answer n & v ant n *Antarctic n & a anxiety n anxious a any pron & a anybody pron anyhow ad anyone pron anything pron anyway ad anywhere ad apartment n apologize v apology n appear v appearance n apple n application n apply v

appointment n appreciate v *approach n & v *approximately ad *apron n *architect n *Arctic n area n argue v argument n arise (arose, arisen) v *arithmetic n arm n & v armchair n army n around ad & prep arrange v arrangement n arrest v arrival n arrive v arrow n art n article n artist n as ad, conj & prep ash n ashamed a Asia n Asian a & n aside ad ask v asleep a *aspect n assistant n association n astronaut n *astronomer n *astronomy n at prep *athlete n *Atlantic n & a atmosphere n atom n

*attach v attack v & n attempt v & n attention n attitude n attract v attractive a audience n aunt n author n *automatic a autumn n available a avenue n average a & n avoid v awake (awoke, awoken 或 –d ,-d) v & a award n aware a away ad awful a B baby n back ad, a & n background n backward(s) ad *bacon n bad (worse, worst) a *badminton n bag n baggage n balance n ball n balloon n bamboo n banana n band n bank n bar n *barbecue n bargain n & v *bark v & n

base n baseball n basement n basic a basin n basis n basket n basketball n bat n bath n bathe v bathroom n *bathtub n battery n battle n BC n be (am,is,are,was, were,being,been) v beach n bean n bear1 n bear2 (bore,borne/born) v beard n beast n beat (beat, beaten) v & n beautiful a beauty n because conj become (became, become) v bed n bedroom n bee n beef n beer n before prep, ad & conj beg v begin (began, begun) v behave v behaviour n behind prep & ad belief n believe v bell n belong v below prep

belt n bench n bend (bent, bent) v beneath prep benefit n & v beside prep besides prep & ad between prep beyond prep bicycle n big a bike=bicycle n bill n biology n bird n birth n birthday n birthplace n *biscuit n bit n bite (bit,bitten) v bitter a black n & a blackboard n blame n & v blank n & a blanket n bleed v blind a block n & v blood n *blouse n blow (blew,blown) v blue n & a board n & v boat n body n boil v bomb n & v bone n *bonus n book n & v boot n bored a

boring a born a borrow v boss n both a & pron bother v bottle n bottom n bowl n bowling n box n boxing n boy n brain n brake n & v branch n brand n brave a bread n break (broke, broken) v & n breakfast n breast n breath n breathe v bride n bridegroom n bridge n brief a bright a *brilliant a bring (brought,brought) v broad a broadcast (broadcast,broadcast 或-ed,-ed) v broken a broom n brother n brown n & a brush v & n *budget n build (built, built) v & n building n bunch n *burglar n

burn (burnt,burnt 或-ed,-ed) v & n bury v bus n bush n business n businessman/woman (pl businessmen/women) n busy a but conj & prep *butcher n & v butter n *butterfly n button n & v buy (bought,bought) v by prep bye int C

*cabbage n cafe n cage n cake n call n & v calm a & v camel n camera n camp n & v can1 (cound);can’t=cannot modal v can2 n cancel v cancer n candle n candy n canteen n cap n capital n captain n car n card n care n & v careful a careless a

*carpenter n carpet n carriage n carrot n carry v cartoon n case n cash n & v *cassette n castle n cat n catch (caught, caught) v cattle n cause n & v cautious a cave n CD=compact disk n ceiling n celebrate v cent n centigrade a centimetre (Am centimeter) n central a centre (Am center) n century n ceremony n certain a chain n chair n chairman/woman (pl chairmen/women) n chalk n challenge n challenging a chance n change n & v channel n *chant v & n character n charge v & n chapter n chart n chat n & v cheap a cheat n & v

check n & v cheek n cheer n & v cheerful a cheese n *chef n chemical a&n chemist n chemistry n cheque (Am check) n chess n chest n *chew v chicken n chief a & n child (pl children) n childhood n chocolate n choice n choose (chose,chosen) v *chopsticks n Christmas n church n cigar n cigarette n cinema n circle n & v *circus n citizen n city n civil a civilization n *clap v class n classic a classmate n classroom n *claw n clean v & a cleaner n clear a & v clerk n clever a climate n

climb v clinic n clock n clone v close1 v close2 a & ad cloth n clothes n clothing n cloud n cloudy a club n coach n coal n coast n coat n *cocoa n coffee n coin n *coke n cold a & n collar n collect v college n colour (Am color) n & v comb n & v come (came,come) v comfort n comfortable a *comment n committee n common a communicate v communication n companion n company n compare v compete v competition n complete a & v composition n comprehension n computer n concentrate v

concept n concern v & n concert n conclude v conclusion n condition n conduct v & n conductor n confident a conference n confirm v confuse v congratulation n connect v connection n *consequence n consider v consideration n consist v constant a construction n consult v contain v *contemporary a content1 n content2 a continent n continue v contrary n & a *contribution n control v & n convenience n convenient a conversation n cook n & v cooker n *cookie n cool a copy n & v corn n corner n corporation n correct v & a correction n

cost (cost,cost) v & n cosy a cottage n cotton n & a cough n & v could modal v count v country n countryside n couple n courage n course n court n *courtyard n cousin n cover n & v cow n *crayon n crazy a create v creature n credit n crime n criminal n crop n cross n & v crossroads n crowd n & v cruel a cry n & v culture n cup n *cupboard n curtain n custom n customer n cut (cut,cut) v & n cycle v cyclist n D dad=daddy n daily a,ad & n

damage n & v damp a & n dance n & v danger n dangerous a dare v&modal v dark n & a darkness n data n date n & v daughter n day n dead a deaf a deal (dealt,dealt 或-ed,-ed) v & n dear a death n debt n decide v decision n decorate v decrease n deed n deep a & ad deer n defeat v defence (Am defense) n defend v degree n delicious a delighted a demand v dentist n department (Dept.) n depend v describe v description n desert v & n deserve v design v & n desire v & n desk n dessert n destroy v

detective n determine v develop v development n devote v devotion n dial v dialogue (Am dialog) n diamond n diary n dictation n dictionary n die v diet n differ v difference n different n difficult a difficulty n dig (dug,dug) v dinner n *dinosaur n dip v direct a & v direction n director n dirty a disability n disabled a disadvantage n disagree v disagreement n disappear v disappointed a disaster n discount n discover v discovery n discuss v discussion n disease n dish n disk=disc n dislike v

dismiss v distance n distant a *distinction n *distinguish v district n disturb v dive v divide v division n *divorce v do (did, done) v doctor n document n dog n doll n dollar n door n dormitory (dorm) n double a, n & v doubt n & v down prep & ad downstairs ad downtown ad, n & a dozen n Dr=doctor n drag v draw (drew, drawn) v drawer n dream (dreamt, dreamt 或-ed, -ed) v&n dress n & v drill n & v drink (drank, drunk) v drive (drove, driven) v driver n drop n & v drug n drum n drunk n dry v & a duck n dumpling n during prep

dusk n dust n dustbin n dusty a duty n DVD=digital versatile disk E each a & pron *eagle n ear n early a & ad earn v earth n earthquake n east a, ad & n Easter n eastern a easy a eat (ate, eaten) v edge n editor n educate v educator n education n effort n egg n *eggplant n either a, conj & ad elder n & a electric a electrical a electricity n elephant n else ad e-mail n & v embarrass v *embassy n emergency n employ v empty a encourage v encouragement n

n

end n & v enemy n energetic a energy n engine n engineer n enjoy v enjoyable a enough n, a & ad enter v *enthusiastic a entire a entrance n envelope n environment n envy v & n equal a & v equipment n eraser n error n escape n & v especially ad essay n Europe n European a & n even ad evening n event n ever ad every a everybody pron everyday a everyone pron everything pron everywhere ad evidence n exact a exam=examination n examine v example n excellent a except prep exchange n & v excite v

excuse n & v exercise n & v exhibition n exist v existence n exit n expect v *expectation n expensive a experience n experiment n expert n explain v explanation n explode v export n & v express v & n expression n extra a *extraordinary a extreme a eye n eyesight n F face n & v facial a fact n factory n fail v & n failure n fair1 a fair2 n fall1 (fell, fallen) v fall2 (Am)=autumn n false a familiar a family n famous a fan n fantastic a far(farther,farthest/further,furthest) a & ad

fare n farm n farmer n fast a & ad fat n & a father n fault n favour (Am favor) n favourite (Am favorite) a & n fax n & v fear n feather n fee n feed (fed, fed) v feel (felt, felt) v feeling n fellow n female a & n fence n festival n & a fetch v fever n few pron & a field a fierce a fight (fought, fought) v & n file n fill v film n & v final a find (found, found) v fine1 a fine2 v finger n finish v & n fire n & v firm1 n firm2 a fish n & v fisherman n fist n fit a & v fix v flag n

flame n flash n *flashlight n flat1 n flat2 a flesh n flight n flood n&v floor n flour n flow v flower n flu n fluent a fly1 (flew, flown) v fly2 n focus v & n fog n foggy a fold v folk a follow v fond a food n fool n & v foolish a foot (pl feet) n football n for prep & conj force v forecast n & v forehead n foreign a foreigner n forest n forever ad forget (forgot,forgot/forgotten) v forgive (forgave,forgiven) v fork n form n & v fortunate a forward ad *foster v found v

fox n franc n free a freedom n freeway n freeze (froze, frozen) v frequent a fresh a fridge=refrigerator n friend n friendly a friendship n frighten v frog n from prep front a & n frost n fruit n fry v fuel n full a fun n & a function n & v funny a fur n furniture n future n G gain v game n garage n garbage n garden n *garlic n gas n gate n general a & n generation n generous a gentle a gentleman (pl gentlemen) geography n

n

gesture n get (got, got 或 got, gotten) v gift n gifted a *giraffe n girl n give (gave, given) v glad a glass n glory n glove n *glue n go (went,gone) n goat n god n gold n & a golden a golf n good (better, best) a goose (pl geese) n government n grade n graduate v graduation n grain n gram n grammar n grandchild n granddaughter n grandma=grandmother n grandpa=grandfather n grandparents n grandson n granny n grape n grasp n grass n great a & ad greedy a green a & n greengrocer n greeting n grey (Am gray) a grocery n

ground n group n grow (grew, grown) v guard n guess v guest n guidance n guide n guilty a guitar n gun n gym=gymnasium n *gymnastics n H habit n hair n half (pl halves) a&n hall n ham n hamburger n *hammer n hand n & v handbag n *handkerchief n handle n & v handsome a handwriting n hang (hung, hung 或 –ed,-ed) v happen v happiness n happy a harbour (Am harbor) n hard ad & a hardly ad hardworking a harm n & v harmful a harvest n & v hat n hate v & n have (has, had, had) v

he pron head n & v headache n headmaster/mistress n health n healthy a hear (heard, heard) v heart n heat n heaven n heavy a heel n height n *helicopter n hello int & n help n & v helpful a hen n her pron here ad hero n hers pron herself pron hesitate v hi int hide (hid, hidden) v high a & ad highway n hill n him pron himself pron hire v his pron history n hit (hit, hit) v & n hobby n hold (held, held) v hole n holiday n home n & ad homeland n hometown n homework n honest a

honey n honour (Am honor) n & v hope n & v n hopeful a hopeless a horrible a horse n hospital n host n & v hostess n hot a hotdog n hotel n hour n house n housewife n housework n how ad however ad & conj hug v huge a human a & n human being n humorous a humour (Am humor) n hunger n hungry a hunt v hunter n hurry v & n hurt (hurt, hurt) v husband n I I pron ice n ice-cream n idea n identity n idiom n if conj ill (worse, worst) a illegal a

illness n imagine v immediately ad importance n important a impossible a impression n improve v in prep&ad inch n incident n include v income n increase v&n indeed ad independence n independent a indicate v industry n influence n&v information n injure v injury n ink n inn n innocent a insect n insert v inside prep&ad insist v inspect v instant a instead ad institute n instruct v instruction n instrument n insurance n *intelligence n intention n interest n interesting a international a Internet n

interpreter n interrupt v interview n&v into prep introduce v introduction n invent v invention n invitation n invite v iron n&v island n it pron its pron itself pron J jacket n jam n jar n jaw n jazz n jeans n jeep n *jewellery n job n join v joke n journalist n journey n joy n judge n&v judgement n juice n jump n&v junior a just a&ad justice n K *kangaroo n keep (kept,kept) kettle n key n keyboard n

kick v&n kid n kill v kilo n kilogram n kilometre n n kind1 2 a kind *kindergarten n kindness n king n kingdom n kiss n&v kitchen n kite n knee n knife (pl knives) n knock n&v know (knew,known) knowledge n L lab=laboratory n labour(Am labor) n lady n lake n *lamb n lamp n land n&v language n *lap n large a last a,v&ad late a&ad laugh n&v laughter n law n lawyer n lay (laid,laid) v lazy a lead (led,led) v&n leader n leaf(pl leaves) n leak v

v

v

learn (learnt,learnt 或-ed,-ed) v least n leather n leave (left,left) v lecture n left a,ad&n leg n legal a *lemon n&a *lemonade n lend (lend,lent) v length n lesson n let(let,let) v letter n level n library n license n lid n n&v lie1 2 lie (lay,lain) v life (pl leaves) n lift v&n light(lit,lit 或-ed,-ed) v,n&a lightning n like v&prep likely a limit n&v line n&v link n&v lion n lip n liquid n&a list n&v listen v literature n literary a litre(Am liter) n litter v&n little(less,least) a&ad live v&a lively a load n&v local a

lock n&v lonely a long a&ad look n&v loose a *lorry n lose(lost,lost) lot n loud a&ad love n&v lovely a low a&ad luck n lucky a luggage n lunch n lung n

v

M machine n mad a madam/madame n magazine n magic a mail n&v mailbox n main a mainland n major a majority n make1(made,made) v n make2 male a&n man(pl men) n manage v manager n mankind n many(more,most) pron&a map n march n&v mark n&v market n marriage n marry v

master n&v *mat n match v&n material n mathematics=math/maths may modal v maybe ad me pron meal n mean(meant,meant) v meaning n measure v&n meat n medal n medical a medicine n meet(met,met) v&n meeting n member n memory n mend v mental a mention n&v menu n mercy n merry a message n metal n&a method n metre(Am meter) n middle n&a midnight n might modal v mild a mile n milk n&v millionaire n mind n&v 1 pron mine mine2 n&v minibus n minority n minus prep&a minute n

n

mirror n miss1 v 2 n miss *missile n mistake(mistook,mistaken) v&n mistaken a misunderstand(misunderstood, misunderstood) v mix v mixture n mm=millimetre n mode n *modem n modern a modest a mom=mum n moment n mommy=mummy n money n monitor n monkey n month n moon n moral a&n more(much,many) ad&n morning n *mosquito n most a&ad mother n motherland n motorcycle n mountain n mouse(pl mice) n *moustache n mouth n move v movement n movie n Mr.(mister) n Mrs.(mistress) n Ms. n much(more,most) a&ad mud n muddy a

*multiply v murder v museum n *mushroom n music n musician n must modal v my pron myself pron N nail n name n&v narrow a nation n national a nationality n native a natural a nature n near a,ad&prep nearby a nearly ad neat a necessary a neck n necklace n need n&modal v needle n neighbour(Am neighbor) n neighbourhood(Am neighborhood) neither a,pron&conj nephew n nervous a nest n net n network n never ad new a news n newspaper n next a&ad nice a niece n

n

night n no a&ad No.=number n nobody n&pron nod v noise n noisy a none pron noodle n noon n nor conj normal n&a north a,ad&n northeast n northern a northwest n nose n not ad note n&v notebook n nothing pron&n notice n&v novel n now ad nowadays ad nowhere ad nuclear a number n nurse n *nursery n nut n O obey v object n observe v occupy v ocean n Oceania n o'clock n of prep off prep&ad offer n&v office n

officer n official n&a often ad oh int oil n&v O.K. ad old(-er,-est 或 elder,eldest) a Olympic(s) a&n on prep&ad once n,ad&conj one pron oneself pron onion n only a&ad onto prep open a&v operate v operation n operator n opinion n opposite prep,n&a *optimistic a or conj oral a orange n&a order n&v ordinary a organise(Am organize) v organization n other pron&a otherwise ad ought modal v our pron ours pron ourselves pron out ad outdoors ad outer a outgoing a outing n outside n,ad&prep over prep&ad overcoat n overcome(overcame,overcome)

own a&v owner n ox(pl oxen) oxygen n

n

v

P pace n *Pacific a pack n&v package n page n pain n painful a paint n&v painter n painting n pair n palace n pale a panda n paper n paragraph n parcel n pardon n parent n n park1 2 v park parking n parrot n part n,a&v partner n part-time a&ad party n pass v passage n passenger n passport n past ad,n&prep path n patience n patient1 n 2 patient a pattern n *pavement n

pay(paid,paid) v&n P.C.=personal computer n P.E.=physical education n pea n peace n peaceful a peach n pear n pen n pencil n pence n penny n people n *pepper n per prep percent n *percentage n perfect a perhaps ad period n permission n person n personal a personally ad persuade v pet n petrol n phone=telephone v&n photo=photograph n photograph n photographer n phrase n physical a physician n physicist n physics n piano n pick v picnic n&v picture n pie n piece n pig n *pillow n

pilot n pine n *pineapple n ping-pong n pink a pioneer n pipe n pity n place v&n plain a plan n&v plane n planet n plant n&n plastic a plate n platform n play v&n playground n pleasant a please v pleased a pleasure n plenty n plus v&prep p.m./pm,P.M./PM n pocket n poem n poet n point v&n police n policeman/woman(pl policemen/women) policy n polite a political a pollute v pollution n pond n pool n poor a pop=popular a *popcorn n popular a population n

n

pork n port n position n possibility n possible a post1 n 2 post v&n postage n postcard n postcode n postman(pl postmen) n pot n potato n pound n pour v powder n power n powerful a practical a practice n&v practise(Am practice) v praise n&v prefer v prepare v present1 a&v 2 present n president n pressure n pretend v pretty a prevent v preview v price n pride n primary a print v prison n prisoner n private a prize n probably ad problem n *process n&v produce v

product n production n professor n profit n programme(Am program) progress n&v project n promise n&v pronounce v pronunciation n proper a properly ad protect v protection n proud a prove v provide v province n pub n public a&n publish v pull v&n pump v punish v punishment n pupil n purple n&a purpose n purse n push n&v put(put,put) v puzzle v&n Q quality n quantity n quarrel v&n quarter n queen n question v&n quick a&ad quiet a quite ad quiz n

n

R rabbit n race v&n radio n railway n rain n&v raincoat n rainy a raise n rank n rapid a rat n rather ad reach v react v read(read,read) v reading n ready a real a reality n realise(Am realize) v really ad reason v&n reasonable a receipt n receive v receiver n recent a recite v recognise(Am recognize) record n&v recorder n recover v recycle v red n&a reduce v reform v&n *refrigerator n refuse n regard v&n regret n&v regular a relation n

n

relationship n relax v reliable a relief n rely v remain v remember v remind v remote a remove v rent n&v repair n&v repeat v replace v reply n&v report n&v reporter n republic n require v *requirement n research n respect v&n respond v responsibility n rest n&v restaurant n result n retell(retold,retold) v retire v return v review v&n revision n reward n rice n rich a riddle n ride(rode,ridden) v&n right n,a&ad ring(rang,rung) v&n rise(rose,risen) v risk n&v river n road n roast v

robot n rock n rocket n role n roof n room n rope n rose n round ad,prep&a row n&v rubber n rubbish n rude a rule n&v ruler n run(ran,run) v rush v S sad a sadness n safe a safety n sail n&v sailor n salad n salary n sale n salesgirl n salesman/woman(pl salesmen/saleswomen) n salt n salty a same n&a sand n sandwich n satellite n satisfaction n satisfy v *sausage n save v say(said,said) v saying n *scarf n

scene n scenery n schedule n&v school n scholar n scholarship n schoolbag n schoolboy/girl n schoolmate n science n scientific a scientist n *scissors n score n&v scream n screen n sea n search n&v seaside n season n seat n&v second n secret n secretary n secure v&a see(saw,seen) v seed n seem v seldom ad select v self(pl selves) n selfish a sell(sold,sold) v send(sent,sent) v senior a&n sense n sensitive a sentence n separate v&a serious a servant n serve v service n set(set,set) v&n

settle v several pron&a sew(sewed,sewn/sewed) v sex n shade n shadow n shake(shook,shaken) v shall(should) modal v shallow a shame n shape n&v share v *shark n sharp a shave(shaved,shaved/shaven) she pron sheep(pl sheep) n sheet n shelf(pl shelves) n shine(shone,shone) v ship n&v shirt n shock v shoe n shoot(shot,shot) v&n shop v&n shopkeeper n shopping n shore n short a shortcoming n shorts n should modal v shoulder n shout n&v show(showed,shown/showed) shower n shut(shut,shut) v shy a sick a sickness n side n sigh v&n sight n

v

v&n

sightseeing n signal n silence n silent a silk n silly a silver n similar a simple a *simplify v since ad,conj&prep sing(sang,sung) v single a sink(sank,sunk) v&n sir n sister n sit(sat,sat) v situation n size n skate v ski n&v skill n skilful a skin n skirt n sky n slave n sleep(slept,slept) v&n sleepy a sleeve n slight a slow a&v small a smart a smell(smelt,smelt 或-ed,-ed) smile n&v smoke n&v smoker n smooth a snake n snow n&v snowy a so ad&conj soap n

v&n

*soccer n social a society n sock n sofa n soft a software n soil n soldier a&n solid a&n some a&pron somebody pron somehow ad someone pron something pron sometimes ad somewhere ad son n song n soon ad sorry a sort v&n sound v&n soup n sour a south a,ad&n southeast n southern a southwest n space n spaceship n spare a *sparrow n speak(spoke,spoken) v speaker n special a speech n speed(sped,sped 或-ed,-ed) v&n spell(spelt,spelt 或-ed,-ed) v spelling n spend(spend,spent) v spirit n spit(spat,spat 或 spit,spit) v splendid a

spoken a spokesman/woman(pl spokesmen/women) n spoon n sport n spot n&v spread(spread,spread) v spring n spy n&v square n&a *squirrel n stadium n stage n stair n stamp n stand(stood,stood) v&n standard n&a star n stare v start v&n state n station n statement n *status n stay n&v steak n steal(stole,stolen) v steam n steel n steep a step n&v stick(stuck,stuck) v&n still a&ad stomach n stone n stop n&v store n&v storm n story n stove n straight a&ad strange a stranger n straw n

*strawberry n stream n street n strict a strong a struggle v student n studio n study v&n stupid a subject n succeed v success n successful a such ad,pron&a sudden a suffer v sugar n suggest v suggestion n suit v&n suitable a suitcase n summary n summer n sun n sunlight n sunny a sunshine n super a supermarket n supper n supply v&n support v&n suppose v sure a&ad surface n surprise v&n surrounding a survive v suspect n swallow v sweat n sweater n

sweep(swept,swept) v sweet n&a *swell(swelled,swollen) swim(swam,swum) v symbol n system n T table n table tennis n tail n take(took,taken) v tale n talk n&v tall a tap n tape n task n taste n&v tasty a taxi n tea n teach(taught,taught) v teacher n team n tear1(tore,torn) v n tear2 technology n teenager n telephone n&v television n tell(told,told) v temperature n tennis n tent n term n terrible a test v&n text n textbook n than conj thank v&n that a,pron,conj&ad the art

v

theatre (Am theater) n their pron theirs pron them pron themselves pron then ad there int,n&ad therefore ad these a&pron they pron thick a thief (pl thieves) n thin a thing n think(thought,thought) v this a&pron those a&pron though conj thought n thread n throat n through prep&ad throw(threw,thrown) v thunder n&v thus ad tick v ticket n tidy a&v tie v&n tiger n till conj&prep time n&v timetable n tiny a tired a title n to prep toast v&n tobacco n today ad&n together ad toilet n tomato n tomb n

tomorrow ad&n ton n tongue n tonight ad&n too ad tool n tooth (pl teeth) n toothache n toothbrush n *toothpaste n top n topic n total a,n&v touch v tour n tourist n toward(s) prep towel n tower n town n toy n trade n&v tradition n traditional a traffic n train n&v training n translate v translation n translator n transport n&v travel n&v traveller n treasure n treatment n tree n *triangle n&ad trick n trip n *trolleybus n troop n trouble v&n trousers n truck n

true a truly ad trust v truth n try v T-shirt n turn v&n tutor n TV=television n twice ad twin n type v typewriter n typist n tyre (Am tire) n U ugly a umbrella n uncle n under ad & prep underground a & n understand (understood, understood) v unfair a uniform n unit n universe n university n unless conj until prep & conj unusual a up ad, a, n & prep upon prep upstairs ad us pron use n & v used a useful a useless a user n usual a V

vacation n valuable a value n various a vase n *vast a VCD(=versatile compact disk) n vegetable n vehicle n very ad vest n victory n video n view n village n villager n *vinegar n violent a violin n visit n & v visitor n *visual a vocabulary n voice n *volcano n volleyball n voyage n W wage n waist n wait v waiter n waiting-room n waitress n wake (woke woken) v walk n & v wall n wallet n wander v want v war n

warm a warn v wash n & v *washroom n waste n & v watch v & n water n & v *watermelon n wave n & v way n we pron web n website n weak a weakness n wealth n wealthy a wear (wore, worn) v weather n week n weekday n weekend n weigh v weight n welcome int, n, v & a well (better, best) ad, a & int well n west a, ad & n western a wet a whale n what pron & a whatever conj & pron wheat n wheel n when conj & ad whenever conj where conj & ad wherever conj whether conj which pron & a whichever pron while conj & n whisper v

whistle n white a & n who pron whole a whom pron whose pron why ad & int wide a widespread a wife(pl wives) n wild a wildlife n will n will (would) modal v willing a win (won, won) n wind n wind (wound, wound 或-ed, -ed) v window n windy a wine n wing n winner n winter n wire n wisdom n wise a wish n & v with prep within prep without prep wolf (pl wolves) n woman (pl women) n wonder v & n wonderful a wood n wool n word n work n & v worker n world n worldwide a *worm n worried a

worry n & v worth a would modal v wound v & n wrist n write (wrote, written) wrong a X X-ray n

v

60 个,要求掌握。其余单词只要求 理解。 2. 数词(含基数词、序数词) 、月份、 星期、主要国家名称及相关信息等 单词单独列在附录七、附录八、附 录九、 附录十中, 其中 10 个国家名 称未标*号, 要求掌握 (不含在词汇 表Ⅰ单词总词数中) ;标*号的国家 名称只要求理解。 A absence n absolute a abuse v academy n access n & v accompany v according to prep accustomed a acknowledge v acquire v adapt v addicted a addition n adjust v adjustment n admission n adopt v ·affect v affection n agency n agent n agricultural a agriculture n ·alarm n & v album n alcoholic a & n allowance n alongside ad altitude n amateur a ambition n amuse v

Y yard n year n yellow a yes ad yesterday n & ad yet ad *yoghurt n you pron young a your pron yours pron yourself (pl yourselves) pron youth n yummy a Z

*zebra n zero n & num zip v & n zoo n 六、词汇表 说明: 1. 本词汇表Ⅱ单词是在 《课程标准》 八 级词汇的基础上进行调整,共收入 单词约 650 个,其中带·号的单词

anchor v & n anniversary n annual a apart ad & a apparent a appeal v & n appetite n applicant n appoint v approval n approve v architecture n artificial a assess v assessment n assist v assistance n associate v astonish v athletic a ·attend v attraction n authority n awkward a B bachelor n bacterium (pl bacteria) n bakery n ballet n ·ban n & v barber n bare a barrier n bay n bean curd n beddings n behalf n belly n bent a & n bid (bade, bidden) v & n biochemistry n biography n

bless v boom n & v booth n border n bounce v bound a boundary n bow1 v bow2 n boycott v bravery n breakthrough n breathless a brick n brunch n burden n burst (burst, burst) v

C cafeteria n calculate v ·campaign n canal n candidate n capsule n carbon n carrier n carve v cast (cast, cast) v casual a caution n celebration n cell n certificate n champion n characteristic a cheers int choke n & v Christian n circulate v circumstance n classify v

click v clumsy a colleague n ·collection n combine v comedy n command n & v commercial a commit v communism n communist n & a compass n complex a & n concrete a conflict n congratulate v considerate a construct v consume v container n contribute v convince v counter n crash v & n ·cream n crew n crossing n cube n cubic a ·cure n & v curious a currency n customs n D dam n dash v & n database n dawn n deadline n debate n & v decade n ·declare v

decoration n ·delay n & v delete v & n delight n ·deliver v ·departure n depth n desperate a destination n diagram n digest v digital a dignity n dimension n diploma n directory n disappoint v discourage v discrimination n disgusting a distribute v disturbing a donate v dot n download n & v ·due a dull a dynasty n E ·eager a ecology n edition n ·effect n elect v electronic a emperor n ending n endless a enlarge v enquiry n enterprise n entertainment n

entry n equip v erupt v evaluate v eventually ad evident a evolution n expand v expense n explore n expose v F fade v faith n fancy n, v & a fasten v feast n federal a fibre (Am fiber) n fiction n ·figure n & v finance n fireworks n ·flee (fled, fled) v float v fluency n forbid (forbade, forbidden 或 -bad, -bidden) v foresee (foresaw, foreseen) v forgetful a ·former a fortune n fountain n fragile a freezing a funeral n furnished a G gallery n ·gather v

gay a glance v glare v globe n goal n goods n govern v ·gradual a ·grand a grateful a gravity n ·greet v grocer n growth n guarantee v H haircut n handful n handy a hardship n harmony n hatch v headline n helmet n herb n holy a hurricane n hydrogen n I ·ignore v immigration n imply v import v & n ·impress v infer v ·imform v inspire v insure v ·intend v irrigation n

J jet n jog v jungle n L ·lack n & v lame a latter n laundry n league n liberty n liberation n librarian n loaf (pl loaves) n ·loss n M maid n manner n marathon n mask n & v ·mass n ·matter n & v mature a maximum a & n means n meanwhile ad media n medium n melon n memorial n merchant a & n merciful a merely ad mess n messy a microscope n microwave n mineral n

minimum a minister n ministry n mobile a monument n mop n & v motivation n ·motor n motto n mourn v musical a&n N nationwide ad navy n negotiate v noble a novelist n nutrition n O obtain v obvious a occupation n ·occur v offence n oilfield n opera n oppose v optional a orbit n organ n origin n outcome n outline n output n outspoken a outstanding a outward(s) ad overhead a overlook v overweight a ·owe v ownership n P packet n

pan n pancake n panic a&v parallel n participate v ·particular a passer-by n passive a patent n pause n&v perform v ·performance n permanent a ·permit v&n pest n phenomenon(pl phenomena) n pianist n pile n pill n pin n&v pint n plot v&n plug n poison n poisonous a pole n polish v politician n politics n portable a porter n positive a possess v possession n poster n postpone v potential a pray v prayer n precious a predict v preference n pregnant a prejudice n

premier n preparation n presentation n ·preserve v ·press1 v ·press2 n previous a principle n procedure n profession n promote v psychology n pulse n punctual a purchase v ·pure a pyramid n Q quake n&v questionnaire n queue n&v quilt n quit v N racial a radiation n radioactive a rag n rail n rainbow n rainfall n range n&v rare a ·rate n&v raw a ray n reception n receptionist n recipe n recommend v recreation n ·refer v referee n reference n

·reflect v refresh v regardless a register n&v regulation n reject v relate v relative n relay n&v religion n remark n represent v representative n reputation n ·request n&v rescue v resemble v reserve n&v resign v resist v revolution n rid(rid,rid 或 ridded,ridded) v ridiculous a ripe a ·rob v roll v&n rooster n root n rot v rough a roundabout a&n routine n royal a rugby n ruin v&n S sacrifice v salute n&v scan v scar n scare v scold v scratch v&n sculpture n

seagull n seal n seashell n section n ·security n ·seek(sought,sought) v seize v semicircle n separation n session n settlement n settler n severe a shabby a sharpen v shaver n shelter n shortly ad shot n shrink(shrank,shrunk 或 shrunk,shrunken) v shuttle n sideroad (sidewalk) n sideway n sideways ad signature n sincerely ad skateboard n skip v skyscraper n slavery n slice n slide n&v slim a ·slip n smog n sneaker n sneeze v sob n&v socialism n socialist a solar a sorrow n soul n

souvenir n sow(sowed,sown/-ed) v spear n specialist n spin (span, spun) v&n split v spoonful n spray n&v squeeze n stable a ·staff n starvation n starve v statesman/woman(pl statesmen/women) n statistics n statue n steady a steward n stewardess n stocking n storage n straightforward a&ad strait n strength n stress n&v strike(struck,struck/stricken) string n stubborn a style n submit v suck v suffering n sunburnt a surgeon n ·surround v survival n swear(swore,sworn) v swift a swing (swung, swung) v&n switch v&n sword n ·sympathy n symptom n

T tailor n talent n tank n target n&v ·tax n teapot n technical a technique n telescope n temple n temporary a ·tend v tendency n tense a tension n terrify v terror n theft n theme n theory n thermos n thirst n thorough a thrill n&v throughout prep thunderstorm n tight a tin n tip n&v tire v tiresome a tissue n tolerate v tough a tourism n tournament n track n transform v trap n&v ·treat v tremble v trend n trial n

v&n

troublesome a trunk n tube n tune n turkey n twist v&n typhoon n typical a U underline v undertake(undertook,undertaken) v underwear n ·union n unique a unite v universal a unlike prep unrest n update v&n upper a upset a urban a ·urge v urgent a V vain n valley n ·variety n version n via prep vice n tictim n ·violence n virtue n virus n visa n vivid a ·volunteer n&v ·vote v W warmth n wedding n weed n weekly a

weep(wept,wept) v welfare n westward(s) ad widow n wipe v witness v&n woollen a worn a worthwhile a worthy a wrestle v Y yawn v yell v Z zipper n zone n

以下为 2010 年考纲新补充的需要掌握的 60 个词汇

1 absence n. 2 access n& v 3 agency n 4 agent n 5 apart ad& a 6 appoint v 7 approve v 8 burden n 9 burst(burst, burst) v 10.cell n 11.circumstance n 12 combine n 13.command v 14 congratulate v 15 contribute v 16 convince v 17 curious a 18. decade n 19 delight n & v 20 disappoint v 21 expense n 22 explore v 23.faith n 24.goal n 25 growth n 26 latter n

27 manner n 28 means n 29 oppose v 30 origin n 31.pause v & n 32.pile n 33.previous a 34 profession n 35 range n & v 36 recommend v 37 relate v 38 relative n 39 remark n 40 represent v 41 rescue v & n 42 reserve n& v 43 roll v& n 44 root n 45 rough a 46severe a 47slide(slid, slid/slidden) v & n 48steady a 49strength n 50strike v & n 51style n 52 swing(swung, swung) v & n 53 talent n 54 thorough a 55 tight a 56 tough a 57 track n 58 unite v 59 upper a 60 witness v & n



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