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1. 原题 2. 句意 3. 解释(重在难点语法解题技巧) 4. 拓展 (不留死角真正地全方位覆盖) 同学们需要注意, 这套解析看起来很多, 却是不留死角地把所有能涉及到的考点 (无论难易) 全部囊括。老师相信,只要你把最新大市模拟试题都这样认真读一遍(请参看之前的盐城一 模解析,明天是苏锡常镇二模单选解析) ,语法至此算是 KO 了。 由于解析时间比较紧,本人学识粗浅,如果有不当的地方,望能制作。同时欢迎江苏各地英 语老师加入飚记中学爱心群 264883904,共同切磋英语教学和交换第一手教学资源。

第 21 题
21. He hasn’t got any hobbies –______ you call watching TV a hobby. A. when B. if C. unless D. since 句意:她没有任何爱好——除非你认为看电视是一种爱好的话。 考生一定要注意 unless 的用法。一般来讲,unless 从句可以用 if ... not ... 替换;但有时候, unless 从句意为 but ... if ... 或 except on condition that ...,在这种意义上不可用 if ... not ... 代 替。例如: I couldn't get a grant unless I had five years' teaching experience. (=if I did not have ...) Unless you had done it earlier, you would have failed. (=If you had not done ...) I shouldn't have gone to the door unless I had heard the bell. 要不是我听见门铃响,我是不会 到门口去的。 I couldn’t have bought it unless(=except on condition that) I had bought enough money. 另外,谨记:否定词+till/ until/ unless/ before 等 这种结构意为―直到……才‖。例如: Draw not your bow till/before your arrow is fixed. 箭搭好了才拉弓。 You can never gain your aim,unless you work hard. 你只有努力工作才能达到目的。 除了 unless,选项里的 when 的特殊用法也是要关注的,如下: ■ 当…时;考虑到 ?How can you say you don't like something when you've never even tried it!你连试都没试过,怎 么能说不喜欢呢? ?You can't complain of being lonely when you don't make any effort to meet people.你自己不主 动去认识别人,又怎么能抱怨孤独呢? ?Why is she training to be a teacher when she doesn't even like children?她既然连孩子都不喜 欢,为甚么要去接受培训当老师呢? ?I don't suppose I can really call myself a vegetarian when I eat fish.因为我吃鱼,所以我觉得不 能称自己为真正的素食主义者。 ■尽管;可是;但是 ?He says he hasn't got any money when in fact he's got thousands of dollars in his account.他说自 己一分钱也没有,可实际上他的银行帐户里有几千美元。 ?I don't understand how he can say that everything's fine when it's so obvious that it's not.我不明


第 22 题
22. –With this New Year _______ new challenges. --Sure. Global economy remains uncertain, and many countries continue to struggle. A. comes B. will come C. is coming D. come 句意:——伴随着新的一年而来的是新的挑战。——是啊,全球经济不明朗,很多国家还在 继续挣扎。考生看到 with 结构,一般先看是不是考查宾补结构,本题后面是考查谓语,明 显不是。然后确定,介词短语放到前面前,一般考查倒装。本句正常语序是:New challenges come with this New Year.有考生可能要选 C,而实际上在副词和介词短语引起的倒装句中一 般用一般现在时代替进行时。例如:There comes the bus.车子来了。 拓展: 考生可能有个疑惑为什么介词短语放到前面要倒装?实际上这并不是规定的, 而是出于修辞 的需要。 英语一般把重要信息放在最后。 尤其是主语较长, 为使句子平衡或强调, 倒装表语。 例如: Through the door came an old French flower woman. 从前门进来一位卖花的法国老妪。 In the doorway lay at least twelve umbrellas of all sizes and colors. 门口放着一堆雨伞,少说也 有十一二把,五颜六色,大小不一。 From near, then far comes the tragic sound of a flute. 远近有凄凉的笛声。 Near the opening to a large forest lived a woodcutter with his wife. 通向一片大树林的空地附 近,住着一位樵夫和他的妻子。 There, in the west, lies the answer — cloud has piled on cloud to form a ridge of white towers. 原 来答案就在西边天际,云层重重叠叠,就像一排白塔。 In the middle of all this sat my mother, now retired, and I. 如今已经退休的母亲和我就坐在这 群人中间。

第 23.题
23. –It is reported that the Shanghai auto show stops using models. How about yours? --We will ________. A. follow suit B. sink or swim together C. set eyes on it D. get to the bottom of it 句意为:——据报道上海车展停止用人模。你们的呢?——我们将仿效的。Follow suit 仿效 (某人) 。 Sink or swim together 一根绳上的蚂蚱, 如 《唐顿庄园》 里的: I have a feeling we will sink or swim together. 恐怕我们是一根绳上的蚂蚱了。Set eyes on it 第一次看见,注意到,如: ?Everyone keeps talking about Patrick, but I've never set eyes on the man.大家一直都在谈论派 特利克,但我从来没见过这个人。get to the bottom of it 找到起因;挖出祸根。

第 24 题
24. –Do you think he is the only person for the job? --I’m not quite sure but he’ll prove ______ to the task. A. equal B. essential C. special D. superior

句意:——你认为他是这个工作的唯一人选吗?——我不确定,但是他终会胜任这个任务。 Equal(能力、勇气)胜任的,合适的,相当的;essential 必须的;special 特别的;superior 优秀的。 拓展: 以上干扰项的词汇都可以在孙老师的《飚记英语核心词汇 220 句》查看,节选如下: 1. essential: 句子:Education, which is critical to intellectual development, has become an essential part of one's life. 教育,对智力发展至关重要,已经成为人一生中的十分重要的组成部分。 解释:essential [? 'sen.t? ?l] adjective& noun 必要的,必不可少的; 必需品;不可缺少的东西 ?Water is essential for/to living things.水对于生物来说是不可或缺的。 ?It is essential (that) our prices remain competitive.我们保持价格方面的竞争优势是至关重要 的。 ?Because I live in a remote village, I regard my car as an essential.因为我住在一个偏远的村子 里,所以我把汽车看作必需品。 ?He had acquired the skills essential to his later success in politics. 他获取了为后来在政坛上的 成功所必需的种种技能。 play an essential role/part in sth ?She has always played an essential part in the smooth running of the business. 她总是在企业的 顺利运作上起着极其重要的作用。 注意下面各句里用 should 或虚拟现在式: It is essential that the change should be made. It is essential that the change be(不用 is)made. It was essential that the change should be made. It was essential that the change be(不用 was)made. 类似的词有哪些? 英语里有些形容词在意义上与情态或意愿有关, 如 essential(重要的, 不可少的), important(重 要的),necessary(必须),imperative((非常必要的),vital(生命攸关的),impossible(不可能的), appropriate(适当的),advisable(明智的),desirable(好的,所希望的),preferable(更好的)等等。 当用先行词 it 充当主语而用它们充当表语时, 则 that 从句的谓语动词或者用现在时虚拟式(在 美国英语里),或者用 should+动词原形(在英国英语里): It is vital that Mr Jones should receive this letter before this evening. 重要的是琼斯先生在今晚以前要收到这封信。 It is appropriate that this tax be abolished. 废止这条税收是适宜的。 2. special 句子:English is indeed a very special language: not only does it have so many grammatical rules, but, annoyingly enough, there are also hundreds of exceptions to those rules, which one can master only through years of dedication and energy. 英语确实是一门很特别的语言:它不仅有很多语法规则,而且很气人的是,有上千条语法规 则例外的情况,只有经过投入多年的专注和精力后才能把握。 (牛津高中英语读本 Book 3 P51) 解释:special[? spe? l]a. 特别的,专门的 拓 specially ad. 特别地;专门地

specialist n. 专家;专门医师 例 This year, for example, more than 40 parks will offer special day and evening activities to excite your curiosity about nature and history. 例如今年,超过 40 个公园举办特别日和晚会活 动来激发你们对自然和历史的兴趣。 (2006 四川) The children can only stay up late on special occasions. 孩子们只有在特殊情况下才能睡得很 晚。 Let’s all make a special effort to welcome the visitors. 我们都来为欢迎参观者做更大的努力 吧。 According to specialists, our bodies send out more messages than we realize. 根据专家的说法, 我们的身体发出比我们意识到的更多的信息。 (2012 全国) 3. superior 句子:Instead, it is designed to persuade consumers that one company’s product is superior to that of another company. 相反,广告设计的用意是要说服消费者去相信某家公司的产品比另一 家的好。 superior[sj? ? p? ?r? ?]a. 更胜一筹的 n. 上级,上司 拓 superiority n. 优越,高傲 配 be superior to 胜过,比……好;不为……所动[屈服] rise superior to 超越……;不为……所影响 例 I feel that since you are my superior, it would be presumptuous of me to tell you what to do. 我感觉自从你当了我的领导后,让我告诉你要怎么做是很冒失的。 (2005 上海) Though technically superior, their system was never commercially successful. 虽然在技术水平 上更胜一筹,但他们的系统从未获得商业上的成功。 The new products are far superior to the old ones. 这些新产品远远优于老产品。

第 25 题
25. As the dark horse, China’s football team swept into the quarterfinals _____ it is lost to host country Australia. A. as B. what C. that D. where 句意:中国队作为黑马队一举进入四分之一决赛,这场比赛里,输给了东道主澳大利亚队。 由于空前是名词,再看下面选项,可以确定这是定语从句。因为名词后的从句 98%都是定 语从句(除非是同位语从句) 。分析从句,主谓结构,不缺主语和宾语,因此从关系副词中 选。而 quarterfinals 是表示地点的,故用 where。 拓展: 我在飚记英语(微信公共号:biaojienglish)里已经具体讲解了定语从句的解法(三步六点 法) 。 解题最简洁方法: 1.SVO:确定是否为定语从句,然后确定先行词 2.析从句:SV O [A] (从句里看 SVO 是否齐全,然后看状语[A]在否) 3.缺 S,O:用关系代词(that, which, whose, who, whom, as) 缺[A]: 关系副词(when, where, why) 说到底最关键:区别 v 到底 vt. 还是 vi.? 一些特别注意的考点:

…… 2.考查特殊的先行词 对策: where 是个大头, 它指向的先行词可不只是江苏、 徐州之类的地点名词, 更多是 situation, job…五花八门,其次是 when,要注意 interval, period 等。 ……

第 26 题
26. Flocks of customers joined Alibaba Singles’ Day, Hong Kong, the U.S. and Russia ______ the top three outside. A. claimed B. to be claimed C. claiming D. being claimed 句意:成群的顾客加入了阿里巴巴的光棍节,香港、美国和俄罗斯成为(大陆)以外的前三 甲。看选项,我们知道,这是考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词也要遵循―九字方针:找主干, 析逻辑,看先后。‖ 找主干:本句主干是前半句,因为 joined 是谓语; 析逻辑:claim 和三个地区的主被动关系,明显是这三个地区夺得前三名,主动关系,故用 现成分词的主动形式。 看先后:上两步答案已经出来了。 拓展: 本题实际上是考查独立主格结构: 独立主格结构 分词作状语时,如果其逻辑主语与整个句子的主语不一致时,需要独立主格结构。这种结构 在句中多作伴随状语。亦可用来表示时间、原因、条件等。结构如下: 主干(主语 1+谓语+宾语),主语 2+ doing/ having done/done (=having been done) 有的语法专家认为,独立主格结构常常就是在前面省略了 with,也有一定的道理。 That being the case, we’d better make some changes in the plan. Weather permitting, we will go out. The teacher having finished the lesson, the students left the classroom. 如果你还想具体了解,如下: 独立分词结构(一) :“名词+分词”作状语 我们常说的―独立主格结构‖的一种, 叫作―独立分词结构‖。 这就类似于动名词的复合结构 (如 my doing)和不定式的复合结构(如 for sb. to do) 。请看例句: 1 Weather permitting, we'll be going fishing tomorrow. 妙语点睛 这里的分词短语 weather permitting 被称作―独立分词结构‖,其中分词 permitting 的逻辑主语是 weather,它和句子的主语 we 不一致,也即分词有了自己的独立主语。这个 分词短语相当于一个条件状语从句,可以改写成 If weather permits, ...。 精品译文 如果天气允许的话,我们明天就去钓鱼。 2 All the money having been spent, we started looking for work. 妙语点睛 这里的分词短语 all the money having been spent 被称作―独立分词结构‖,其中分 词 having been spent 是分词的完成式。关于它的意义和用法,我们将在 6.6 节讨论。该分词 的逻辑主语是 all the money,它和句子的主语 we 不一致,也即分词有了自己的独立主语。 这个分词短语相当于一个时间状语从句,可以改写成 After all the money had been spent, ...。 精品译文 钱全花光后,我们就开始找工作。

3 Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was closed. 妙语点睛 这里的分词短语 nobody having any more to say 被称作―独立分词结构‖, 其中分词 短语 having no more to say 的逻辑主语是 nobody,它和句子的主语 the meeting 不一致,也即 分词有了自己的独立主语。这个分词短语相当于一个原因状语从句,可以改写成 Since nobody had any more to say, ...。 精品译文 谁都无话可说了,会议就结束了。 4 The Chinese word for crisis is divided into two characters, one meaning danger and the other meaning opportunity. 妙语点睛 这里有两个并列的分词短语 one meaning danger 和 the other meaning opportunity。 其中分词短语 meaning danger 的逻辑主语是代词 one,指代 character;另一个分词短语 meaning opportunity 的逻辑主语是 the other。它们和句子的主语 the Chinese word for crisis 不 一致,也即分词有了自己的独立主语。这里的分词短语起补充说明前面句子的作用。 精品译文 中文中的―危机‖分为两个字,一个意味着―危险‖,另一个意味着―机会‖。 独立分词结构(二) :“with+名词+分词”作状语 这里的分词短语―with+名词+分词‖是在上述的分词短语―名词+分词‖的基础上变化过来的, 这里就是多了一个介词 with。 之所以如此强调这一结构以至于把它单独拿出来讨论, 是因为 它作状语所表达的意义与―名词+分词‖这一结构所表达的意义有很大的不同。因此,我们需 要知道何时该用―名词+分词‖作状语,何时宜用―with+名词+分词‖作状语。关于二者的差异, 我们这里不作讨论讨论。仅举几例展示一下这个结构。请看例句: 1 A car roared past, with smoke pouring from the exhaust. 精品译文 一辆小汽车―呼‖地开了过去,排气管冒出一团团黑烟。 2 The old man often takes a walk after supper with his dog following him. 精品译文 这位老人经常在晚饭后出去散步,后面跟着他的宠物狗。 【真题链接】 【2014 江苏】 His lecture____, a lively question-and-answer session followed. A. being given B. having given C. to be given D. having been given 【解析】选 D。a lively question-and-answer session followed 是一个完整的句子,本题的两部 分之间缺少连词,所以逗号前面的不能是句子,只能是一个独立主格结构。名词 his lecture 与动词 give 之间构成被动关系,所以使用过去分词表示被动,排除 B 项。A 项表示正在进 行,C 项不定式表示将要进行。都符合语义,D 项 having been done 在做状语的时候相当于 done。本句的独立主格结构 His lecture having been given 相当于 After his lecture had been given。句意:他的演讲结束后,将是一个现场问答部分。故 D 正确。

第 27 题
27. It might have_______ your notice but I am very busy at the moment. A. quit B. neglected C. escaped D. denied 句意:你可能没有注意到,但是我当时太忙了。 拓展: 以上干扰项的词汇都可以在孙老师的《飚记英语核心词汇 220 句》查看,节选如下: Escape escape sb's attention / notice 逃过某人的注意; 被某人忽视 ?He escaped from reality by going to the cinema every afternoon.他每天下午都去电影院看电 影,借此来逃避现实。

?Determined to be his own master, Simmons quit in 1998 and started working freelance.西蒙斯一 心要自己支配自己,于是在 1998 年辞去工作干起了自由职业 neglect Dull as a student may be, and difficult as a subject may seem to be at first sight, he will find the study become easier or at least less difficult, if he can hold on and does not neglect it. 即使学生不聪明,功课最初看起来很难,如果他能坚持不懈,努力去做的话,他就会感到学 习越来越容易,至少不会那样难了。 Neglect[n? ? glekt]n. 忽略,疏忽 v. 忽视,疏忽,疏漏 ignore 例 He was severely criticized for neglect of duty. 他因玩忽职守而受到严厉批评。 No country can afford to neglect education. 任何国家都不容忽视教育。 deny There is no denying that part-time jobs are helpful to our sights and experience and effectively further the student to a higher level in study. 不可否认, 兼职工作有助于我们开阔眼界和积累经验, 有效地使学生进入到更高层次的学习。 deny[d? ? na? ]v. 否认,否定,拒绝给予,节制 例 All of these pressures put teens in a terrible situation. The ―solution‖ that some teens choose is to deny themselves all the time so as to keep temptation away. But soon, hunger and food boredom lead to overeating. 所有这些压力都使青少年处于一种糟糕的处境之中。一些青少年 所选择的―解决方案‖就是一味地否定自我以拒绝诱惑。 但很快, 饥饿和厌倦将导致暴饮暴食。 (2008 上海)

第 28 题
28. He abandoned teaching _____ a career as musician. A. in favor of B. in terms of C. with regard to D. with reference to 纯粹考查介词短语辨析。句意:为了把音乐作为自己的职业,他放弃了教学。In favor of 喜 爱;支持;in terms of 就……而言;with regard to 关于;with reference to 关于。 拓展: of 构成的惯用短语: (看哪些不认识,就赶快查) catch sight of, catch/get hold of, at the risk of, in want of, in view of, in support of, in search of, in fear of, in quest of, in aid of, in/the face of, in favor of, for lack/want of, catch a glimpse of, in honour of, in/within sight of, in witness of, in praise of, in/the hope of, in anticipation of, in explanation of, on receipt of 一收到(作状语) ,at the sight of, at the mention of, in receipt of 收 到(作表语) ,in defiance of, in appreciation of in 构成的惯用短语: in chorus 合唱 in whispers 低语 in full dress 盛装 in disguise 假扮 in mourning 穿丧服 in white 穿白衣服 in a rage 盛怒 in a good/bad mood 心情好/不好

in a good/bad temper 脾气好/坏 in violation of 违反 in a good/bad/ill humour 心情极佳/不佳 in anger 愤怒 in high/low/poor spirits 情绪高昂/低沉 in hope 在希望中 in despair 失望 in fun 开玩笑 in luck 幸运 in comfort 在安乐中 in trouble 处于困境 in any event 无论如何 in conclusion 总之 in pain 在痛苦中 in tears 流泪 in alarm 惊惶 in wonder 惊奇 in astonishment/surprise 惊奇 in horror 恐惧 in fear 在恐惧中 in a fog 困惑 in safety 在安全中 in need 在患难中 in dilemma 进退维谷 in debt 负债 in good order 秩序良好 in good condition 情况良好 in good repair 情况良好 in chores 混乱 in confusion 零乱 in one's way 妨碍 in haste 匆忙 in good/poor health 健康/健康不佳 in sickness 患病 in a fever 发烧 in fashion 流行 in vogue 流行 in the air 传播 in force 在施行中 in operation 在施行 in touch 联系 in progress 在进行中 in love 恋爱 in public 公开地

in session 在开会/庭 in use 在使用中 in ruins 荒废 in doubt 怀疑 in secret 秘密地 in earnest 认真地 in the right 正确 in the wrong 错误 in print 在印制 in black and white 白纸黑字 in width 在宽度方面 in length 在长度方面 in hand 在进行中,在考察中 in flower 开花 in shape 在形式上 in rows 一排排 in the bud 含苞待放 hand in hand 手携手 in broad daylight 在白昼 in search of 寻求 in miniature 小型的 in large/small quantities 大/小量的 in pursuit of 追求 in favour of 赞成 in memory of 为纪念……而 in honour of 对……表示敬意 in reward for 作为……的报酬 in behalf of 为……的利益 in token of 作为……的表示 in revenge for 作为……的报复 in all proportions 按各种比例 in addition 另外 in connection with 和……有关 in brief 简单地说 in due course 在适当时候 in essence 本质上 in fact 事实上 in disrepute 声名狼藉 in the event of 万一 in general 一般来说 lie in 在于…… in possession of 占有 in short 总之 in line with 按照

in other words 换言之 in opposition to 与……相反 in stock 有货 in support of 支持 in particular 特别是 in part 部分地 in terms of 用……的术语,根据 in turn 依次 in respect to 关于 in no time 马上 in the eyes of 在……看来 in regard to 关于 in the light of 根据 in the interest(s) of 为了……的利益 in the open 在露天 in the main 基本上 in time 及时 in all 总计 in vain 徒劳 in times 常常 absorbed in 专心于 engaged in 从事于 immersed in 沉湎于 indulged in 沉溺于 in view of the fact that 鉴于……这一事实 in quest of 寻求 表示―关于、至于‖的介词 1 in regard to, with regard to, regarding 和 as regards in regard to 和 with regard to 中的 to 为介词,不是不定式符号,to 不可改用其他词。regarding 后不可加 to, as regards 中的 s 不可省。例如: With/In regard to studying English, you should read widely and speak more. He spoke to me regarding his future. In my opinion, she is no artist at all as regards dancing. With regard to future oil supplies, the situation is uncertain. 关于未来石油供应问题, 情况尚不 确定。 2 concerning, respecting 和 touching 这三个词都是正式用语,意义上相当于 about, with regard to。concerning 还可同 as 连用,构 成 as concerning,也可以说 as concerns。例如: He refused to answer questions concerning his private life. A lot of problems arose respecting atmosphere pollution. As concerning/As concerns the reason of the failure, he refused to give any comment. He has a lot to say touching the education in the West. What is your opinion concerning the election? 你对于这次选举有何看法? Respecting your salary, we shall come to a decision later. 关于你的薪水,我们晚些时候将做出

决定。 3 with respect to, in respect of, with/ in reference to, in connection with 和 in the matter of 这几个词通常可以换用。with respect to, with reference to 中的 to 为介词;in the matter of 后 一般接具体的物件。例如: With/In reference to compiling the dictionary, Professor Smith has given us some advice. It's going to raise a lot of problems with respect to air pollution. The refrigerator is good in respect of quality. He has everything he needs in the matter of food, clothes and other living necessities. This is especially true in respect of the Asian countries. 亚洲国家的情况尤其如此。 With respect to your other proposals, I am not able to give you our decision. 关于你的其他建 议,我现在还无法告诉你我们的决定。 He is senior to me in respect of service. 就工作年头来说,他比我资格老。 The discussion with respect to the economic situation lasted for two days. 有关经济形势的讨论 持续了两天。 I have nothing to say with reference to your complaints. 对于你的抱怨我无话可说。 She asked me many questions in connection with life in Africa. 她问了我许多关于非洲生活的 问题。 The police are interviewing two men in connection with the robbery. 警察正在查问与抢劫案有 关的两个人。 4 about, on about 和 on 均可表示―关于‖。about 多用于口语,随便提及,内容可能较笼统。on 用于较正 式的讨论,议论,所述题目或主题需详加阐发,如讲学、讲演、写作等。 about 常同下列动词连用:talk, know, tell, read, write, quarrel, argue, think, sing, hear, speak, agree, disagree(不同意)等。 on 常同下列动词连用:comment(评议) ,debate(辩论) ,remark(评说), touch(论及) , reflect(沉思) ,discourse(论述) ,enlarge(详述) ,dwell(详谈) ,ponder(默想) ,lecture (演讲)等。

第 29 题
29. The frozen waterfall has attracted floods of tourists to ______ the natural beauty. A. cherish B. admire C. observe D. discover 句意:冻起来的瀑布吸引了大量的游客来欣赏自然的美景。 拓展: 以上干扰项的词汇都可以在孙老师的《飚记英语核心词汇 220 句》查看,节选如下: 1. cherish It seems to be a modern fashion that young people keep postponing their marriage. Perhaps the tendency would further deepen as contemporary people cherish life quality over marriage, a key element leading to the increase of divorce rate. 年轻人现在都流行晚婚。由于现代人非常重视生活质量,认为它比婚姻更重要,因此很可能 这一趋势将继续加深。这是离婚率提高的关键因素之一。 2. admire She has since been admired and remembered as a heroine struggling to make her dream come true. 此后她就作为积极实现梦想的女英雄而受到人们的尊敬和怀念。(牛津高中英语读本 Book 4

P23) admire[?d?ma ? ?(r)]v. 钦佩;羡慕;赞赏;欣赏 谐音记忆:―我的妈呀‖,好羡慕,好钦佩! 例句精选:
?I admired him for his determination.我很欣赏他那坚毅的性格。 ?I really admire people who can work in such difficult conditions.我实在是很钦佩那些能在如此艰 苦的条件下工作的人。 ?We stood for a few moments, admiring the view.我们驻足了一会儿,欣赏美丽的景色。

In recent years, hundreds of schools have carried out experiments with paying kids with cash for showing up or getting good grades. All school kids admire this trend. But it upsets adults. 近几年 来, 数百所学校开展了给表现好或得高分的学生奖励现金的实验。 所有的学生都很羡慕这一 趋向。但这却令成年人担心。 (2010 广东) admirable[? ?dm?r?bl]a. 值得赞赏的,可钦佩的 构 admir(e)(v. 钦佩;羡慕)+ -able(形容词后缀) 例 I was trying to find an admirable job. 我当时正努力想找份令人羡慕的工作。 (2012 四川) 3. observe By the time my boss, who was known to be the strictest, most demanding, most quick to fire inexperienced teachers, came into the classroom to observe me, the students exhibited very little good behavior to praise. (2013.浙江阅读 D) 我的上司, 素以严格、 苛刻和快速炒缺乏经验的老师的鱿鱼而闻名, 走进教室观察我的时候, 学生的行为很糟糕,无可称赞的地方。 Observe[?b?z ?? v]v. 观察,监视,观测 拓 observation n. 观察;观察力 observer n. 观察者 配 observe on 谈论 observe a rule 遵守规则 observe the discipline 遵守纪律 例 I observed a number of intelligent children who were taken out of a special class and placed in a regular class. 我看到一些天才儿童被从特殊班里抽出来安排到了普通班。 (2011 广东) People must observe the law. Nobody should be an exception.人们必须遵纪守法, 谁都不应该例 外。 1.observe(无意间注意到)的宾语后面的不定式没有 to。例如:I observed him go out.但假 使把 observe 改作被动语态,那不定式便该有 to。例如:He was observed to go out. 2.下面两句意思略有不同: I observed him go out.(我无意间注意到他出去。 ) I observed him going out.(我无意间注意到他正在出去。 ) 第二句着重在那个人正在出去而恰巧被我看见。

第 30 题:
30. –Do you know the story of Niulang and Zhinu? --Of course. Their love story was ______ as an example for hundreds of years in China. A. taken up B. kept up C. picked up D. held up 句意:——你知道牛郎织女的故事吗?——当然。他们的故事在中国作为榜样。

各个选项短语的意思如下: 拓展: 以上部分干扰项的词汇都可以在本人的《飚记英语核心词汇 220 句》 ,节选如下: take up 基本含义:拿到上面;拿起;举起 【例解】 1. Take care not to take up the hot coals with your bare hands. 注意不要光着手去捡那烧红的煤 块. 2. He took up the telephone recevier and asked for a number. 他拿 起电话,要一电话号码。 【引申含义】(1)take up 也可作―占去、占据时间、位置等‖讲(to fill or use time,space),如: ①All his evenings were taken up with study. 他每天晚上的时间都用于学习。②That big clock will have to go; it takes up too much space in the small hall.那只大钟得挪走,它在小 厅里占的 地方太大了。(2)take up 用作―接纳乘客‖;―装载货物‖是常见的用法。如: The bus stopped to take up passengers.公共汽车停下来让乘客上车。 这时, take up=pick up。 (3)take up 可用作―开 始从事(一种生意、一种职 业;一项研究等)‖。如:①When does the Minister take up his office? 部长什么时候上任?②He has taken up photography as a hobby.他把摄影当作一种嗜好。 (4) take up 也作―参加进来‖(join in; add one’s voice to),如: The cry was taken up and soon everyone was nodding and saying, ―BUT HE HAS NOTHING ON.‖人们相继 喊了起来, 点着头说―他什 么也没有穿呀!‖ 2. keep up The automobile contributed to the weakening of neighborhood ties by making it easy to keep up friendship at a distance and to enjoy leisure activities far from home. 汽车使得远方的友谊能够继续, 并且能享受离家很远的业余活动, 但导致了邻里关系的弱化。 Keep up 1.居高不下;不低落 * So long as the cost of raw materials keeps up, prices of consumer goods will keep up, too. 只要 原材料成本不下降,消费品价格也不会下降。 2.继续;保持某一速度和某一水平;不落后 * Bill had to work hard to keep up. 比尔得努力才不落后。 * Her spirits have kept up very well, despite all her bad luck. 尽管她遭到厄运, 她的情绪一直很 高。 * I hope the weather will keep up. 我希望这天气晴朗下去。 * If only I'd kept up my German, I might have got that job in Berlin. 要是我没有把德语荒疏就 好了,否则我就会得到那份在柏林的工作了。 3.保持友谊或通讯关系 * I've kept up friendship with him for twenty years. 我和他 20 年来一直保持着友好关系。 4.知悉 * Mary is interested in politics and always keeps up with the news. 玛丽对政治很感兴趣,对新 闻总是知道得很多。 5.继续定期(努力、付款、付租金等) * If you don't keep up the payments, I'm afraid the company will take possession of you car. 如果 你不能定期付款的话,恐怕公司就要收回你的车子了。 3. pick up 1.拾起;拿起;跌倒后爬起 * The children picked up many sea shells at the seashore. 孩子们在海边拾到很多贝壳。

* During the morning Mrs. Carter picked up sticks in the yard. 早上卡特太太在院子里拾柴。 * He fell but at once picked himself up. 他跌了一跤,但马上又爬了起来。 2. 支付 * After lunch in the restaurant, Uncle Bob picked up the check. 在餐馆吃完饭后,鲍勃叔叔付了 饭钱。 * They offered to pick up the bill for all the expenses of the trip. 他们表示愿意把全部旅行费用 的账单接受下来。 3.(开车)带人 * The train stopped to pick up passenger. 火车停下来让乘客上车。 * I'll pick you up at your office. 我到办公室来接你。 * At the corner the bus stopped and picked up three people. 在街拐角处汽车停下来让 3 个人上 车。 4. 收集 * They are trying to pick up information. 他们在设法收集情报。 * He picked up rare coins in seaports all over the world. 他在世界各港口收集稀有硬币。 5.收拾;整理 * It's almost dinner time, children. Time to pick up and get ready. 快到吃饭时间了,孩子们。收 拾收拾,准备开饭。 * Let's pick up the room before everyone arrives. 我们在大家来之前把房间整理好吧。 * It's time to pick up tools and go home. 现在是收拾工具回家的时候了。 6.偶然得到(或学到、找到) * He never studied Japanese; what he knows is what he picked up while living in Japan. 他从未 正式学过日文,他所懂的一些日文是他居住在日本时随便学来的。 * He picked up a beautiful statue when he was in Rome. 他在罗马时买到了一尊美丽的塑像。 * I picked up that volume in a secondhand book shop. 那本书是我偶然在一家旧书店里找到 的。 * He has picked up some bad habits at that club. 他在那个俱乐部沾染上了一些坏习气。 7.与…交朋友 * Mother told Mary not to walk home by herself from the party be cause some strangers might try to pick her up. 妈妈告诉玛丽舞会后不要独自步行回家,因为会有陌生人与她搭讪。 * I think she picked him up at a dance. 我想她是在舞会上与他认识的。 8.逮捕 * The main suspect in thr murder case was finally picked up by police in London yesterday. 谋杀 案中的主要嫌疑犯昨天在伦敦被警察抓住了。 * police picked the man up for burglary. 警察因这男子盗窃而逮捕了他。 9.收到信号 * With my new radio I can pick up stations all over Europe. 我的新收音机可接收到欧洲所有的 电台。 * The enemy planes are picked up by our radar installations. 敌机被我们的雷达发现了。 10.从水上救起 * AirSea Rescue picked up the downed airman after receiving an SOS message. 空海营救队接到 呼救信号后,在海上救起了被击落的飞行员。 * They picked up the survivors in the lifeboat. 他们救起了救生艇里的幸存者。 11.发现(道路、踪迹等)并沿着走

* We picked up the trail of the fugitives and soon overtook them. 我们找到逃亡者的踪迹,不久 就追上了他们。 12. 重新开始 * He picked up the story where he had left it the day before. 他接着往下讲前天没讲完的故事。 * I found it difficult to pick up the discussion again after lunch. 我发现午饭后再继续讨论很困 难。 13.使感觉好些 * Catherine was feeling very bad yesterday but has picked up a lot today. 凯瑟琳昨天身体很不 好,但今天觉得好多了。 * A bit of exercise will pick you up. 你稍微运动运动会恢复健康的。 * A little food will pick you up. 吃点东西会使你感觉好些。 14.加快 * About a mile out of the station the train began to pick up speed. 出站大约一英里,火车开始加 速。 hold up 1.举起;抬起;提起 ?She held up her hand stiffly...她直挺挺地举着手。 ?Hold it up so that we can see it.把它举起来让我们看看。 2.支撑;支承 ?Her legs wouldn't hold her up.她双腿都站不住了。 3.耽搁;阻延 ?Why were you holding everyone up?...你为什么耽搁了大家? ?Continuing violence could hold up progress towards reform.持续的暴力活动可能会阻延改革的 进程。 4.持械抢劫 ?A thief ran off with hundreds of pounds yesterday after holding up a petrol station.一名窃贼昨天 持械抢劫一家加油站后带着数百英镑逃跑了。 5.举出…作为批评(或赞扬)的对象 ?She said the picture that had appeared in a Sunday newspaper had held her up to ridicule...她说一 份周日的报纸上刊登的照片使她备受嘲讽。 ?He had always been held up as an example to the younger ones.他总是被树为弟妹学习的榜样。 6 维持;保持良好 ?Children's wear is one area that is holding up well in the recession.童装是经济衰退中仍然保持 良好发展的一个领域。 7. (论点、理论等)经受得住检验 ?I'm not sure if the argument holds up, but it's stimulating.我不能肯定该论点是否经得起检验, 但它很有新意。

第 31 题:
31. Estella showed me the way with a candle. When she opened the side entrance, the ______ of the daylight quite confused me.

A. trend B. rush C. crash D. increase 本套试卷有两个题目(31, 34)都是节选狄更斯的小说《远大前程》 。 句意:Estella 用蜡烛给我引路。当他打开侧门时,突然的日光让我眩晕。 拓展: 以上部分干扰项的词汇都可以在本人的《飚记英语核心词汇 220 句》 ,节选如下: 1. trend It is estimated that this trend will continue in the years to come. Such an essential daily item as water is in short supply in many parts of the world. 据估计,这种趋势在未来几年中还将持续。例如,在世界上的许多地方,作为日常生活必需 品的水已经供不应求。 trend [trend] 【记忆】把 trend 和 tend 联想在一起→年轻人―倾向‖(tend)追求―时尚‖(trend) 【词义】 n. ①趋向, 倾向, 趋势 The trend of prices is still upwards. 物价仍有上涨趋势。 There is a growing trend towards smaller families. 家庭日益小型化是一大趋势。 ②时尚, 时髦 Today's trend is toward less formal clothing.时下的风尚趋向于穿着休闲。 Today, sustainable development is a proper trend in many countries. 今天,可持续发展是许多国 家一个普遍趋势。 (2011 全国) 2. Rush:
(突然的)一阵强烈感情;(身体的)一阵感觉 ?The memory of who he was came back to him with a rush.他忽地一下子想起了自己是谁。

A rush of pure affection swept over him...一阵强烈而纯洁的爱意涌遍他全身。 ?He felt a sudden rush of panic at the thought.想到这点,他突然感到一阵强烈的恐慌。 本题节选《远大前程》 : Until she opened the side entrance, I had fancied, without thinking about it, that it must necessarily be night-time. The rush of the daylight quite confounded me, and made me feel as if I had been in the candlelight of the strange room many hours. 3. Crash:
撞(车);撞毁,撞坏;坠毁 ?We skidded on the ice and crashed (into another car).我们在冰上打滑撞了(另一辆)车。 (公司等)垮枱,破产,崩溃,崩盘 ?Investors were seriously worried when the stock market began to crash.股市开始狂跌,投资者们人 心惶惶。 (因非常劳累而)很快入睡 ?I just want to go home and crash out.我只想回家倒头就睡。

4. Increase: 原句:Students have adequate opportunities to explore a variety of interests, increase both their general and specific knowledge, prepare for a chosen career and develop independence. 学生们有充分的机会去探索自己感兴趣的各种事物、 积累一般与特定的知识、 为自己所选定 的职业生涯作准备,并培养独立性。 increase[? n?kri ? s]v. & n. 增加,繁殖 拓 increasingly ad. 日益,愈加 配 on the increase 不断增加 increase with 随……而增长 increase by 增长了,以……的速度增长

例?Increased/Increasing efforts are being made to end the dispute.正在尽更大努力来结束这场争 端。 The bid will be increased little by little until it goes beyond your highest bid, then you are e-mailed and asked if you would like to bid again. 出价将一点点增加直到超越你的最高出价, 然后你会收到电子邮件,问你是否愿意再次出价。 (2005 天津) ?The club has been increasing in popularity. 俱乐部越来越受欢迎。 —increasingadj: the increasing difficulty of finding trained staff 寻找技术熟练的员工越来越难 We are experiencing an increasing number of problems.我们正遇到越来越多的问题。 an increasing number/proportion An increasing number of people are choosing not to have children. 越来越多的人选择不要孩 子。

第 32 题:
32. If people outside China learned a bit about jasmine tea culture, they would realize there ______ a lot of enjoyment in it. A. is B. was C. were D. would be 此题表面看是虚拟语气考查,实际上是考查时态。 句意:如果中国之外的人了解一点茉莉花茶文化,他们会认识到内有无限的乐趣。 if people …learned…, they would…这是虚拟语气结构。我们首先要了解这种结构是对什么 时间进行虚拟:

可见,这是对过去或现在进行虚拟。再看从句,注意,这不是虚拟了,而是客观事实:茉莉 花茶艺有乐趣。 (realize 后一般都是事实) 。陈述客观事实用一般现在时。

第 33 题:

33. My voice was so little and the shop owner had to bend down to hear _____ I wanted to buy. A. what it was B. it was that C. what it was that D. what was that 句意:我的声音如此小,店主只得弯下腰来听我到底想买什么。看到 it 和 that,考生首先要 考虑是不是考查强调句型(95%的可能性) 。结合四个选项知道这是考查强调句型的特殊疑 问句结构(见下面第 3 点说明) 。而在陈述句里,应该用陈述语序,而不是疑问语序。 强调句型注意以下几点: 1. 陈述句的强调句型:It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语, 宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当 强调人时)+ 其它部分。 It was yesterday that he met Li Ping. 正是昨天我见到李平的。(强调状语) It was him that/who we met at the school gate. 我们在门口见到的就是他。(强调宾语) It is I who/that am right. 我才是对的。(强调主语) 2. 一般疑问句的强调句型:同上,只是把 is/ was 提到 it 前面, 变为:Is/Was it + 被强调部 分+ that/who + 句子其他成分。 Was it in 1939 that the Second World War broke out? 第二次世界大战是在 1939 年爆发的 吗? Is it Professor Zhang that/who teaches you English? 叫你们英语的是王教授吗? 3. 特殊疑问句的强调句型,只需要在一般疑问句前加上特殊疑问词:被强调部分(通常是 疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/ was + it + that/ who + 其它部分? When and where was it that you were born? 你到底何时何地出生的? What is it that you want me to do? 你想让我干吗? 4. not … until … 句型的强调句: 句型为:It is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其它部 分。 普通句:He didn’t go to bed until/ till his wife came back. 强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed. 拓展:此句型只用 until,不用 till。但如果不是强调句型,till, until 可通用;因为句型中 It is/ was not … 已经是否定句了,that 后面的从句要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。

第 34 题:
34. Mr. Smith let off upon me the speech he ______ to make all day. A. had died B. died C. way dying D. had been dying 句意:史密斯先生向我不断练习一个他一直就渴望做的演讲。 (本句着实不好理解,个人理 解是:本句正常语序是:Mr. Smith let off the speech…upon me。Let off 本意是开―枪‖,这里 引申为不断练习, upon 表示说话的对像。这个句子已经经过老外专家的验证,现在 let off…upon…已经不说了,属于淘汰产品。 )看四个选项,可以断定这是考查时态。考查时态, 一看时态标志词,二看动作的先后顺序。时态标志词:all along,这是进行时的标志,一般 还有 the whole day/night, all the time 等;let off 动作发生在过去。 先后顺序: 先准备演讲 (die to make the speech) ,然后是 let off 的过去的动作, 所以 die to 这个动作是发生在过去的过去。 综合一下: 进行时(doing)+发生在过去的过去(had done)+一直就在渴望做(have been doing) =had been doing 这是考查过去完成进行时,考生要理解这个考点,应该先了解―现在完成进行时‖,如下: (以下解释,节选本人将出版的语法书) 现在完成进行时有以下四个用法:


(图中黑点表示现在和过去两个时刻,黑箭头表示动作在一直持续,细箭头表示该动作还将 继续持续下去。) My wife has been writing articles for magazines for the last 5 years. 在过去五年里,我妻子一直为杂志写文章。 拓展: 这个用法与现在完成时的用法很相似,往往可以互换。如: I have lived here for six years. I have been living here for six years. 不同点在于: a) 现在完成进行时既可以与一段时间连用,也可以不与一段时间连用。而现在完成时需要 与一段时间连用。 b) 与一段时间连用时,完成进行时强调动件过程,完成时强调动作的结果。 My hands are very dirty. I’ve been painting the house.我的手很脏,一直在给房子刷漆。 I have painted the house green.我把房于刷成了绿色。 (2)表示刚结束的动作

(图中黑点示现在和过去两个时刻;黑箭头表示动作在一直持续 ;该动作到现在时刻即告终 止。) Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you for the last half hour.你去哪里?我一直找了你 半个 4 时。(不再持续) Why are your clothes so dirty? What have you been doing?你的衣服怎么这么脏?你一直在做 什么?(动作刚刚结束,这个必须有语境提示。) ⑵表示重复动作 You have been saying that you can succeed for five years.五年来你一直在说你能成功。 I’ve been getting up early since I entered the college.从上大学以束,我一直坚持早起。 注意和现在完成时的区别: a) 短暂动词的完成时不能与―一段时间‖的时间状语连用,但是短暂动词的完成进行时可与 ―一段时间‖的时间状语连用,这时表示重复动作。如上述例句。 b) 现在完成进行时强调动作的持续性,因此它是表示一种看起来不间断的动作。如果要表 达做一件事的次数,或一共做了多少件事情时,则不能用现在完成进行时。请比较: I have been sitting in class since 8 o’clock this morning.早上 8 点钟到现在我一直在上课。 I have had three classes since 8 o’clock this morning.早上 8 点钟到现在我上了三门课。 ⑶ 表示感情色彩。 You have been making things too hard for your son.你真是太为难自己的儿子了。

【真题链接】 1.【2014 江西】----Tony , why are your eyes red ? ---I __ up peppers for the last five minutes . A. cut B. was cutting C. had cut D. have been cutting 【解析】选 D。本题考察的是现在完成进行时。句意:—Tony,为什么你的眼睛那么红啊? —在过去的的 5 分钟里, 我一直都在切辣椒。 根据句意可知本句表示在过去的一段时间里一 直都在做某事,所以使用现在完成进行时表示动作的持续性和反复性。故 D 正确。 2.【2010 陕西】I have to see the doctor because I ________ a lot lately. A. have been coughing B. had coughed C. coughed D. cough 【解析】选 A。由时间状语 lately 可知此处表示从过去某一点开始一直持续到进行的动作或 存在的状态, 且强调其持续性, cough 是一个短暂性动作, 可以用现在完成进行时表示此动作 不断被重复。 3.【2012 全国 II】The manager ______ the workers how to improve the program since 9 a.m. A. has told B. is telling C. has been telling D. will have told 【解析】选 C。句意:经理从早上 9 点开始就一直在不停得告诉工人们如何改进这个项目。 has been telling 表示这个动作不断地被重复,现在完成进行时可以表示某个短暂性的动作被 重复一段时间。

第 35 题:
35. –Do you know the newly appointed CEO? --_______. A. I’ll check it B. Only that there is one C. More often than not D. It will come to me 句意:——你知道新任命的 CEO 吗?——我只知道有这么个人。B 项是省略句,原句是: (I) only (know) that there is one. A 项意为―我要核查一下。‖C 项意为―常常‖。D 项意思要 结合不同语境来确定,可翻译为:我会得到它。