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初中一般过去式讲解


一对一中学教育机构

一般过去式 一、一般过去时态句子结构 1. Be 动词的一般过去时态 在没有实义动词的句子中使用 be 动词, am is 的过去式为 was; are 的过去式为 were. 构成: 肯定句:主语+was (were) +表语 如:I was late yesterday. 否定句:主语+was (were) +not+表语 如:We weren't late yesterday. She wasn't a teacher three years ago. 疑问句:一般疑问句:Was (Were) +主语+表语 如:Were you ill yesterday? Were they once your classmates? 肯定回答: Yes, I was. 否定句: No, I wasn't. 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ Was (Were) +主语+表语 Who were your best friends in your primary school? 2. 实义动词的一般过去时态 肯定句要使用动词的过去式,否定句和疑问句要使用助动词 do 和 does 的过去式 did. 肯定句为:主语+动词过去式+宾语 如:I went home at nine o'clock yesterday. 否定句:主语+didn't +动词原形+宾语 如:I didn't go home yesterday. He didn't tell me about you. 疑问句:一般疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+宾语 如:Did you go home yesterday? Did you study in the school? 肯定回答: Yes, I did. 否定回答:No, I didn't. 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did +主语+动词原型+宾语 When did you finish your homework last night? What did you do the day before yesterday? 助动词和情态动词过去式如下: 3. 助动词和情态动词过去式如下: shall―should(将要)用于第一人称单数 will―would(将要)用于所有人称 can― could(能,会) may―might(可以) must―must (必须) have to―had to(不得不) 助动词和情态动词的过去时态要使用他们的过去式,后面的动词还使用原形。 如: I had to do my homework yesterday. (昨天我不得不做作业。) 二、一般过去时态动词变化形式 一般过去时态由动词的过去式表示。大多数动词的过去式是在动词原形后加上 ed 构成。这类动词称为规则动 词。 1) 一般情况下在词尾直接加 ed。 如:play―played work―worked 2) 以 e 结尾的动词只加 d. 如:like--- liked love―loved 3) 以辅音字母+Y 结尾的动词,变 Y 为 I,再加 ed. 如:study―studied carry―carried 4) 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,要双写最后这个辅音字母,再加 ed. 如:stop―stopped --ed 的读音规则如下: i. 在清辅音后面读[t]。 如:work―worked help―helped ii. 在浊辅音或元音后读[d]。 如:learn―learned iii. 在[t] 和[d] 后读[id]。 如:support―supported (支持) 5) 不以 ed 结尾的过去式,称为不规则动词,如: write(写) --wrote go-went do-did have-had see-saw take-took make-made come-came buy-bought 一、用 “am , is , was”填空。 1. I _____ a teacher now. I _____ a student five years ago. 2. He _____ a worker now. He _____ a little boy ten years ago. 3. It _____ there a moment ago .
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一对一中学教育机构

4. The film _____ in the playground a moment ago . 5. The newspaper ______ on the table a moment ago. 6. The storybook ______ on the bookcase now. But it _____ on the chair a moment ago . 7. Where ______ it now? 8. Where ______ it a moment ago? 9. Yang Ling ______ at home now. But she ______ at school a moment ago. 10.Wang Bing ______reading books now .But he ______ playing football a moment ago . 二、二、改错 1. The book is there a moment ago. ___________ 2. There are three diarys between the desks. ____________ 3. Jim was at his grandfather’s home two days before. ____________ 4. Where was the CD Walkman just now? It is next to the magazine. ____________ 三、用所给动词的适当形式填空。 1.Tom _______ (visit) a farm last week. 2. The twins _______ (water) the flowers in the garden yesterday morning. 3. I _______ (watch) a film with my friend last Friday. 4. My father _______ (be) in London last year. 5. What_______ (do) you do three days ago? 6. _______ (be) there any parks here in 1950? 7. What_________(do) you do just now? I (wash) my clothes. 四、单项选择: 从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(10) ( )1. My father_________ill yesterday. A. isn't B. aren't C. wasn't D. weren't ( )2. ______ your parents at home last week﹖ A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were ( )3. The twins _______ in Dalian last year. They ______ here now. A. are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was ( )4. ________ your father at work the day __________ yesterday(前天)﹖ A. Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after ( )5. —Who was on duty last Friday﹖ —____________. A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was D. No, I wasn't ( )6. I cleaned my classroom ___________. A with three hours B three hours ago C in three hours D three hours before ( ) 7. I came _______ my house two days ago . A back on B back to C to back D back ( ) 8 . ___________? He did some reading at home. A What does your father do yesterday evening B What does your brother do in the school C What did your brother do over the weekend D Where did your brother go last Sunday ( ( ) 9. What did you do ________ ? I went to the movies. A next morning Bover the weekend C in the weekend D next Monday ) 10. The koala sleeps _______,but gets up _________.
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一对一中学教育机构

A during the day; at the evening B at day ;during night C in the day ;during the evening D during the day ; at night 五、完形填空(10) Tom did not like doing his homework,because he liked to do some 1 things after school.And his teacher always 2 a lot of mistakes in his homework. Then one day,his maths teacher 3 at Tom’s homework and saw that he got all his answers right.He was very 4 and surprised(惊奇) .The next morning before class,he called Tom 5 his desk and 6 to him,“You got all your homework right this time.Did your father help you?”Sometimes Tom’s father helped him with his homework,7 this time he didn’t help Tom because he 8 at home.So Tom answered,“NO,Sir.He Was busy last night,so I 9 to do it 10 .” ( )1.A.others B.another C.the other D.other ( )2.A.made B.found C.looked at D.looked ( )3.A.laughed B.knocked C.looked D.saw ( )4.A.please B.pleased C.pleasure D.sad ( )5.A.to B.for C.in D.at ( )6.A.talked B.asked C.spoke D.said ( )7.A.and B.but C.so D.or ( )8.A.isn’t B.won’t be C.wasn’t D.can’t be ( )9.A.wanted B.mustn’t C.liked D.had ( )10.A.itself B.of them C.myself D.himself 六、阅读理解 It was half-past eight in the morning. The "It's me-Peter." "Hullo, who's that?” she asked. Peter was a friend of Mary's eight-year-old brother, Johnny. "Oh hullo, Peter. What do you want?” said Mary. "Can I speak to Johnny?" "No,” said Mary,” you can't speak to him now. He is busy. He is getting ready for school. He is eating his breakfast. Grandmother is combing hishair. Sister is under the table, putting his shoes on. Mother is getting his books and putting them in his school bag. Goodbye, I've got to go now. I have to hold the door open. The school bus is coming . ( ( ( )1.Who went to answer it when the telephone bell rang? A. Johnny’s sister A. Mary’s brother B.Peter B.Mary's sister C,Johnny C.Mary's grandmother D.Johnny's mother D.Johnny's mother )2.Whom did Peter want to speak to? )3.Johnny couldn't speak to Peter because Johnny _______. A. was combing his hair C.was getting his books ( ( A. Who are you? A. a lazy B.was putting his shoes on D. was busy eating his breakfast C. Who is it? D. Please telephone bell rang and Mary went to answer it.

)4.How do you say to a stranger who is answering your telephone? B. Anything to say? )5.From this story we know that Johnny was_____. B. a clever boy C. a busy boy
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D. a hungry boy

一对一中学教育机构

一般过去时详解与练习题 一般过去时详解与练习题 一、巧记一般过去时: 巧记一般过去时: 动词一般过去时,表示过去 过去发生的事;be 用 was 或用 were, have,has 变 had; 过去 谓语动词过去式,过去时间 过去时间作标志;一般动词加-ed,若是特殊得硬记。 过去时间 否定句很简单, didn’ 否定句很简单,主语之后 didn’t 添; 疑问句也不难, 放在主语前; 疑问句也不难,did 放在主语前; 不含 be 动词时 did,谓语动词需还原; 如果谓语之前有 did,谓语动词需还原; 含 be 动词时 动词若是 was,were,否定就把 not 添。 疑问句也不难, 放在主语前。 疑问句也不难,要把 was,were 放在主语前。 二、be 的一般过去时:学习动词 be 的一般过去时,下面有一口诀,它可以帮你们更好地掌 的一般过去时: 握动词 be 的一般过去时。 be 的过去时有四巧: 一是时间状语巧, 表示过去的短语要记牢;
二是形式巧,单数 was,复数 were; 三巧是否定句结构,not 紧跟 was/were; 四是疑问句式巧,was/were 向前跑(提前)。 一巧】 【一巧】时间状语(即标志词)巧。一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,恰巧 (即标志词) 与表示过去的一些时间状语连用。 1. yesterday 或以其构成的短语 或以其构成的短语:yesterday morning(afternoon, evening)等; 2. 由“last+一时间名词 一时间名词”构成的短语:last night, last year (winter, month, week)等; 一时间名词 3. 由“时间段 时间段+ago”构成的短语:a moment ago, a short time ago, an hour ago 等; 时间段 4. 其它:just now 等 5. 由某些表示过去时态的从句 过去时态的从句等。 过去时态的从句 【二巧】形式巧。它与一般现在时一样,形式多样:当主语是第一人称单数或第三人称单 二巧】 数时,谓语动词用 was;主语是第二人称或其他人称复数时,谓语动词用 were。 例如: I was in the classroom yesterday morning. 昨天早上我在教室里。 He was at school last Tuesday. 上周二他在学校。 They were over there a moment ago. 刚才他们在那边。 三巧】 【三巧】否定句结构巧。与动词 be 的一般现在时一样,它在动词后面加 not 即可变成否定 句,并且 was, were 与 not 可以缩写成 wasn't, weren't。即: 主语 + wasn't/ weren't + 表语 + 其他。例如: I was not (=wasn't) here yesterday. 昨天我不在这儿。 My parents were not (=weren't) at home last Sunday. 上周日我父母不在家。 四巧】 【四巧】 疑问句式巧。把 was, were 提到句首,句末用问号即可变为一般疑问句。即: Was(Were) + 主语 +表语 + 其他?这恰巧与动词 be 的一般现在时的疑问句 式相似。例如: Were you at home the day before yesterday﹖ 前天你在家吗? Was she late this morning﹖今天早上她迟到了吗? 更巧的是疑问句的答语也相似,肯定回答用“Yes, 主语+was/were.”; 否定回答用“No,主语+wasn't/weren't.”。 例如:—Were Wei Hua and Han Mei here just now﹖ 刚才魏华和韩梅在这儿吗? —Yes, they were. (No, they weren't.) 是的,她们在。 (不,她们不在。 )

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