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34. It’s known that any packet__________properly will not be accepted by the post office.

无锡市普通高中 2015 年秋学期高三期中基础性检测考试卷
第二部分:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. Florida is blessed with_________warm climate, which makes it_________suitable place for old people to live in. A. a; 不填 B. 不填; the C. a; a D. the; a memories of the War 22. The speech made by President Xi Jinping on Sept. 3, 2015_________the old soldiers’ of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. A. called on A. regularly B. called in B. constantly C. called off C. occasionally D. called up D. frequently living cells into 23. The machine has been used for many years. It’s no wonder that it doesn’t work well________. 24. Researchers are now conducting hibernation experiments and can use chemicals to put sleep-like state_________they don’t age. A. for which B. that C. where D. which most of them 25. The newly-built subway is always crowded with passengers going home from market, _________heavy bags and baskets full of fruit and vegetables. A. carried B. carrying C. to carry D. to be carried the birthday 26. I was told that everything was _________, but Mr. Smith couldn’t arrive on time to attend party we had prepared for him. A. at length B. at random C. in place D. in order 27. Tu Youyou, together with another two foreign scientists, _________the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine for their work in developing effective drugs against diseases. A. have been awarded C. were awarded B. had been awarded D. was awarded her in the Sochi Winter Olympics.

A. not to address C. not addressed

B. addressed not D. having not addressed

35. —The opening ceremony of the Cultural Festival was the most exciting, wasn’t it? —___________. I had never seen a better one before. A. No problem. B. You bet. C. Forget it. D. Not really 第三部分:完形填空( 共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 After four years, the time has come. In less than two weeks, I will have graduated. I 36 now and I can't believe how fast it all went. I can still remember the first day of classes, looking at the map on the back of the Schedule of Classes and 37 where the classroom building was. Now I’m a senior, looking at freshmen with 38 . Every day I wish I could 39 time and make the next two weeks go more slowly. I know a lot of people who can’t 40 to graduate, but for me it’s the opposite. I want to turn back time 41 and cherish every day of my college experience once again. For me, college has been a great learning experience, and most of the learning process has 42 outside of the classroom. My sophomore (大二学生)year of college was perhaps the most remarkable year of my life. This was the year when I 43 my mom that I was going to be OK living on campus, and she 44 let me go. This was the year when I made some lifelong friends, and 45 many triumphs(胜利)and failures I 46 to know more about myself. My sophomore year 47 experimenting with new things, such as camping in mountains and drawing cartoons of my teachers in class. _48_ I walk down the familiar _49_ on campus, I find myself doing a lot of soul-searching and reminiscing (追忆). I find myself wanting to start all 50 again and recapture the fun and excitement of my college days. I have been panicking at the 51 of graduating. 1 have been going to school for _52_ I can remember, and I feel like there is so much more that I want to learn, but instead I have to graduate. For the past four years I have been 53 with a safety net The student _54_ has been a somewhat comforting feeling giving me a (an) 55 from the realities of the world outside. 36. A. look at B. look back C. look around D. look up 37. A. instructing B. introducing C. asking D. requiring 38. A. surprise B. respect C. admiration D. envy 39. A. freeze B. prevent C. avoid D. leave 40. A. help B. forget C. expect D. wait 41. A. otherwise B. therefore C. though D. instead 42. A. occurred B. happened C. taken place D. appeared 43. A. believed B. ensured C. persuaded D. convinced 44. A. finally B. lastly C. happily D. sadly 45. A. over B. across C. through D. for 46. A. have B. come C. tend D. regret 47. A. liked B. developed C. found D. involved 48. A. Before B. After C. If D. As 49. A. paths B. roads C. routes D. ways 50. A. over B. out C. together D. about 51. A. opinion B. view C. idea D. point 52. A. as long as B. only if C. as far as D. whenever 53. A. covered B. pleased C. occupied D. surrounded 54. A. life B. status C. emotion D. experience

28. Li Jianrou was lucky, __________all other three competitors stumbled(绊倒)in front of women’s 500 meters short final, making her China’s first gold winner in the A. when B. though C. as 29. —The prices of vegetables are going up madly. It’s really too much for us. D. unless

—But for the situation where many vegetable producing areas __________constant low temperature, would not be like this. A. meet with A. was it that A. did the sky turn dark C. turned the sky dark A. abstract awareness of traffic safety. A. that B. as C. when D. which B. ambitious B. have met with B. it was that C. met with C. was it when D. had met with D. it was when 30. Do you still remember how many years ago__________we first met on campus? 31. So suddenly __________that the animals in the zoo looked very frightened during the B. the sky did turn dark D. was the sky turned dark C. contradictory D. concrete


total solar eclipse.

32. We have got a general idea of how our new flat will be decorated, but nothing________at the moment. 33. A proposal has been put forward at a recent video conference_________measures be taken to raise the citizens’

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55. A. success B. run C. walk D. escape 第四部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A “Life is much lively now that we have a dog. It would be lonely otherwise, as our children no longer live with us,” says Wang XiuLan, a retired teacher who lives in Beijing’s Chaoyang District. Wang and her husband have kept companion animals for almost 10 years---3 dogs previously, and now a 2-year-old bulldog. Flourishing Sino-Vietnamese and Sino-Russian border trade since the early 1990s has enabled many rare domestic animals to pour into the Chinese mainland, and pet fever has now swept the country, as a result of higher living standards. Beijing leads the nation in pet ownership. The majority of people keep small cats and dogs as pets. Pekingese, Chrysanthemum dogs and bulldogs are some of the more common breeds. Psychologists believe people keep pets for several reasons, including safety, profit, or to keep up with other pet owners, but companionship is the most important reason. Many owners are retired, with plenty of spare time who may be financially secure but lonely. Some insist that pets are more sincere and loyal than human beings; you don’t need to be overly cautious in your speech and behavior. Pet fever in Beijing continues to rise, and has also resulted in a boom in some industries, such as the animal hospital, where many clients bring their pets for medical treatment, temporary care or even beauty treatments. This growing trend toward pet ownership has inevitably (不可避免地) created some social problems, including the spread of animal diseases, and quarrels among neighbors concerning noisy, dirty or aggressive animals. These problems have raised the attention and concern of related departments, which call for “better sense in pet raising”. Relevant government departments previously issued a document concerning household pet ownership in Beijing. This document laid out detailed regulations on the number, size and public appearance of the pets, taking joint action to inject pets with vaccine (疫苗) and setting the license, authorization (许可证) and management of pet-doctor practices. Some non-governmental organizations also participate in pet management. In addition, a shelter for the adoption of homeless animals has been established in Beijing, and their hotline is always available to provide assistance and support. 56. The word Pekingese (Line1, para.3) means _________. A. the owner of the pet B. the native in Beijing C. a dog D. a typical thing in Beijing 57. Some measures have been taken to have a better control over pet raising EXCEPT that_____. A. the pet doctors must receive a qualification license. B. the pet dogs must be injected regularly to prevent the occurrence and spread of diseases. C. the authority has held some meetings and lectures to arouse all the citizens’ awareness. D. a shelter for adopting homeless animals, with a hotline, has been founded. 58. The author’s attitude to the pet ownership is ______. A. positive B. negative C. indifferent D. objective B It’s generally believed that people act the way they do because of their personalities and attitudes. They recycle their garbage because they care about the environment. They pay S5 for a Caramelbrulee latte(拿铁咖啡)because they like expensive coffee drinks. There's no doubt that behavior comes from our inner dispositions (性情),but in many instances we also draw inferences about who we are, as suggested by the social psychologist Daryl Bern. By observing our own behavior, we can be strangers to ourselves. If we knew our own minds, why would we need to guess what our preferences are from our behavior? If our minds were an open book, we would know exactly how much we care about the environment or like lattes. Actually, we often need to look to our behavior to figure out who we are.

Moreover, we don’t just use our behavior to learn about our particular types of character---we infer characters that weren’t there before. Our behavior is often shaped by little pressures around us, which we fail to recognize. Maybe we recycle because our wives and neighbors would disapprove if we didn’t. Maybe we buy lattes in order to impress the people around us. We should not mistakenly believe that we always behave as a result of some inner disposition. Whatever pressures there can be or inferences one can make, people become what they do, though it may not be in compliance (符合) with their true desires. Therefore, we should all bear in mind Kurt Vonnegut’s advice, “We are what we pretend to be, so we must be careful about what we pretend to be.” 59. Which of the following would Daryl Bern most probably agree with? A. The return of a wallet can indicate one’s honesty. B.A kind person will offer his seat to the old. C. One recycles plastics to protect the environment. D. One buys latter out of true love of coffee. 60. What can be inferred from the underlined sentence in the passage? A. We fail to realize our inner dispositions. B. We can be influenced by outside pressures. C. Our behavior is the result of our true desires. D. Our characters can shape our social relationships. 61. What does the author mainly discuss in the passage? A. Personalities and attitudes. B. Preferences and habits. C. Behavior and personalities. D. Attitudes and preferences. C Most earthquakes occur within the upper 15 miles of the earth s surface. But earthquakes can and do occur at all depths to about 460 miles. Their number decreases as the depth increases. At about 460 miles one earthquake occurs only every few years. Near the surface earthquakes may run as high as 100 in a month, but the yearly average does not vary much. In comparison with the total number of earthquakes each year, the number of disastrous earthquakes is very small. The extent of the disaster in an earthquake depends on many factors. If you carefully build a toy house with an erect (笔直的)set, it will still stand no matter how much you shake the table. But if you build a toy house with a pack of cards, a slight shake of the table will make it fall. An earthquake in Agadir, Morocco, was not strong enough to be recorded on distant instruments, but it completely destroyed the city. Many stronger earthquakes have done comparatively little damage. If a building is well constructed and built on solid ground, it will resist an earthquake. Most deaths in earthquakes have been due to faulty building construction or poor building sites. A third and very serious factor is panic. When people rush out into narrow streets, more deaths will result. The United Nations has played an important part in reducing the damage done by earthquakes. It has sent a team of experts to all countries known to be affected by earthquakes. Working with local geologists and engineers, the experts have studied the nature of the ground and the type of most practical building code for the local area. If followed, these suggestions will make disastrous earthquakes almost a thing of the past. There is one type of earthquake disaster that little can be done about. This is the disaster caused by seismic sea waves, or tsunamis. (These are often called tidal waves, but the name is incorrect. They have nothing to do with tides.) In certain areas, earthquakes take place beneath the sea. These earthquakes sometimes give rise to seismic sea waves.. The waves are not noticeable out at sea because of their long wave length. But when they roll into harbors, they pile up into walls of water 6 to 60 feet high. The Japanese call then "tsunamis", meaning "harbor waves", because they reach a sizable height only in harbors. Tsunamis travel fairly slowly, at speeds up to 500 miles an hour. An adequate warning system is in use to warn all shores likely to be reached by the waves.

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But this only enables people to leave the threatened shores for higher ground. There is no way to stop the oncoming wave. 62. Which of the following CANNOT be concluded from the passage? A. The number of earthquakes is closely related to depth. B. Roughly the same number of earthquakes occur each year. C. Earthquakes are impossible at depths over 460 miles. D. Earthquakes are most likely to occur near the surfaces. 63. The destruction of Agadir is an example of A. faulty building construction B. an earthquake’s strength C. widespread panic in earthquakes D. ineffective instruments 64. The United Nations’ experts are supposed to ____________. A. construct strong buildings B. put forward proposals C. detect disastrous earthquakes D. monitor earthquakes 65. The significance of the slow speed of tsunamis is that people may_________. A. notice them out at sea B. find ways to stop them C. be warned early enough D. develop warning systems D It was 2008 when I first saw him. As I work in hospital, I see a variety of people. I often wonder what it feels like to be free to walk around. Another part of me says, don’t we all have some kind of things that keeps us pressed down? His name was unlike what I have heard before — Jinesh Paul. Surprisingly one of the meanings of his first name is “Enlightened Master”. Now after these many years I am wondering how true his name was of him. Jinesh was around 7 or 8 years old when I first met him. He was a cute and soft-spoken boy from Munnar, a southern place in India. He had something special that drew me to have a closer acquaintance with him. He wore that simple smile; a smile that tried to hide some pain. In his smile was something I don,t know what it means to carry. But there he was going around With courage and poise (风度) I have seen only in a few. He wore a mask, required of people who undergo chemotherapy (化疗), for he was battling leukemia, a type of blood cancer. His father was with him all along. First time I smiled and said a “Hi” and Jinesh gently responded back. He was so innocent. He had just taken a course of chemotherapy and was preparing to leave for his hometown. His father was kind enough to share his son’s diagnosis and therapy. I could do nothing to comfort him, just a smile and a couple of words. They were off. I never thought our relationship would grow in the next few years. A few months later they were again in the hospital for a follow-up and their regular consultation. I bumped into them at the restaurant attached to the hospital and I recognized that cute little face, now without the mask, having a cap covering then shaven head. He was having breakfast with his father. I said a “Hello” and asked the “1ittle man” whether he recognized me. It was an honour that he remembered me. Our journey grew further. I spent many minutes with him and we exchanged phone number. I promised I would visit him later and carried on. He was staying in the annex (附属) to our hospital. He started showing me the drawings and crafts he had done, for he had done quite a bit of them and had decorated his room. How many times do I fail to decorate my life? I learnt a lesson. Jinesh and I had our share of thoughts. I presented my gift; he was so happy. I took a couple of pictures and waved bye. From then on every time he came to the hospital for his checkup we would meet. We also spoke over the phone while he was away in his hometown. This went on for the past years. Jinesh came to the hospital again this year for his checkup and his blood counts were low. On July 7, 2012 Jinesh breathed last after his battle. I still find it hard to think that it all happened. He was composed enough to say “Goodbyes” to people he knew during his last days. Unfortunately I could not see him the last time he came to the hospital. But Jinesh has become an important part of my life. What should I think—that this battle was over at last? Was life unfair to him? Didn’t he deserve to see and enjoy the things that many of us take for granted? I don’t know! But one thing I know for sure. Jinesh is one of the real-life Heroes. I will miss you Jinesh. I love you. YOU ARE A HERO! 66. Why is the writer wondering how true Jinesh’s name was of him? A. Jinesh’s name was different from what writer had heard before.

B. Jinesh’s life showed he was a hero who had a positive attitude towards life. C. Jinesh’s life indicated his life was miserable instead of enlightening. D. His tragic life didn’t bring him any enlightenment at all. 67. Which is the most proper place to put the sentence “Everyone carries some load; Jinesh too had one.’’? A. Before Paragraph 3. B. Before Paragraph 5. C. Before Paragraph 7. D. Before Paragraph 10. 68. What can we infer from the passage? A. Jinesh has a brave character and so does his father. B. The writer didn’t see Jinesh during his last moment. C. Leukemia, a type of blood cancer claimed Jinesh’s life. D. In spite of his illness, Jinesh loved his life and stayed positive. 69. Which is the right order of the following events that happened in this story? ① I came across Jinesh and his father at a hospital restaurant. ② Jinesh picked up leukemia. ③ Jinesh died in our hospital after his battle was over. ④ Jinesh shared with me his creations. ⑤ Jinesh’s father shared his son’s diagnosis and therapy. ⑥ Jinesh was calm enough to say goodbye to everyone. A. ②⑤①④③⑥ B. ②①④⑤③⑥ C. ②⑤①④⑥③ D. ②①④⑤⑥③ 70. What message is mainly conveyed in this passage? A. We shouldn’t fail to decorate our own life. B. Facing difficulties, don’t give up. C. Try to be a hero in your own life. D. Wearing a smile is good in hardships.

第二卷(非选择题,共 35 分)
第五部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格 只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Eating Comfort Foods May Not Be So Comforting After All For many of us, chicken soup can relieve the soul and cheese can erase a bad day. We eat chocolate when we feel depressed or when we've been in the presence of a Dementor. And we eat chocolate ice cream to help us get over a bad breakup. These comfort foods usually aren't so good for our arteries(动脉), but we tend to think they have healing properties — that they're the cure for all our emotional sufferings. But maybe they're not, says Traci Mann, a professor of psychology at the University of Minnesota. In a recent study, Mann and some colleagues brought in a bad mood in 100 college students by making them watch clips from sad movies. They then fed half the students their favorite comfort food, while the other students ate food they enjoyed, but wouldn't consider comfort food. Once the students had finished eating, the researchers asked the students how they felt. It turns out all the students felt better, regardless of what they had eaten. "That is not what we expected," Mann says. "We kept repeating the study, because we didn't believe it." In another experiment, Mann had half the kids eat comfort food, and the other half eat nothing. After a few minutes, both groups felt equally better. The comfort food had no effect on mood. The results of these experiments appeared in the August issue of Health Psychology. "People are taking this very hard," Mann says. "I guess it removes a very handy justification people have for eating comfort food." Of course, the study has a few significant limitations. For one, it only looked at a particular kind of negative mood — induced by watching sad films. Other studies have come to different conclusions. For example, one in 2011, published in the journal Psychological Science, suggested that eating chicken soup may help some feel less lonely. And the researchers didn't look at the real-life contexts in which people eat comfort foods. "Maybe the comfort from comfort food comes from going to a cafe acquiring it," Mann says. The research on the psychological effects of comfort food is fairly inadequate, she notes, so we don't have any definite answers yet. David Levitsky, a professor of nutrition at Cornell University, says Mann's research is in line with what he would have expected. "We tend to look for a magic solution to our problems," Levitsky says. The idea that we can feel better by simply consuming certain foods is very appealing, he says, "but in reality,

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feeling better has nothing to do with the food itself, and it's a very weak psychological effect." The comfort foods we turn to the most are the ones we ate while growing up, or the ones that remind us of celebrations, Levitsky says. We may associate chicken soup with all those times Mom took care of us when were little, and maybe mashed potatoes remind us of joyful Thanksgivings. It's a connection between food and memory beautifully reflected in this scene from the movie Ratatouille. We think that eating foods that remind us of home, or of good times, will make us feel better when we're down, Levitsky says. "But we don't know if it's performing the function that people want it to." Eating Comfort Foods May Not Be So Comforting After All 71. Common _____ Many of us believe that comfort food can 72. _____ us when we are down. A recent study shows that all the students felt better 75. _____ the fact that some ate comfort food while others ate food they enjoyed. In another experiment, both groups felt equally better. The comfort food didn’t 76._____ mood. Other kinds of bad mood Opinions from David Levitsky Conclusion Other studies have 77._____ at different conclusions.

2.可以参考阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; 3.不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 注意:请将作文撰写在答题卡上。

无锡市普通高中 2015 年秋学期高三期中基础性检测考试卷
英语试题参考答案及评分标准 第一部分 听力(共两节.满分 20 分) 1—5 AAABB 6—10 CCBCA 11—15 CBABC 16—20 BCCAB 第二部分单项填空 (毎小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21-25 CDCCB 26-30 CDCBB 31-35 ADACB 第三部分完形填空(毎小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 36-40 BCDAD 41-45 DCDAC 46-50 BDDCA 51—55 CADBD 第四部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题:毎小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 56-58 CCD 59-61ABC 62-65 CABC 66—70 BBDCC 第五部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题: 每小分,满分 10 分〉 71. belief 72. relieve/ comfort 73. Experiments 74. negative/ bad 75. Despite 76. influence/ impact/ affect 77. arrived 78. corresponds/ agrees/ accords/ consists 79. relate 80. Spirits 第六部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) The passage narrates an instructive story of Lincoln visiting a farmer and his way of responding to bad situations, indicating that the bad situation makes the best of a person. (30 words) The story reminds me of Helen Keller who became deaf and blind when 19 months old. Living in a world of darkness and silence, she found that communication seemed only a dream for her. However, she didn't give up and struggled to lead an active life. Eventually, under the guidance of her teacher, Helen learnt to read and write and later became a famous writer. On a personal note, what Helen Keller and Abraham Lincoln did has shown us whether one will succeed or fail depends on how he deals with bad situations. As we all know, lift is a road to unexpected challenges. Only when we make the best of a bad situation will it make the best.(120 words)

73. _____ conducted by experts

The 74. _____ mood caused by watching sad films

Mann’s research 78._____ with what he would have expected. Feeling better doesn’t 79._____ to the food itself, and it’s a very weak psychological effect. Eating foods that reminds us of home or of good times will make us feel better when we’re in low 80._____.

第六部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) 请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 They say "Make the best of a bad situation". But I believe the bad situation makes the best of you. Even the adversity (逆境)of life can be useful. President Abraham Lincoln showed us how this is so. One of his officials, Edwin Stanton, frequently found fault with the president and criticized him ---- sometimes in public. Lincoln seemed to show great patience with him. The president was asked why he kept such a man in a high level position. Lincoln characteristically responded with a story. He told about a time he was visiting with an old farmer. He noticed a big horsefly biting the side of the farmer's horse. Lincoln said he reached over to brush the fly away. As he did so, the farmer stopped him and cautioned, "Don't do that, friend. That horsefly is the only thing keeping this old horse moving." Even life's many adversities and problems have their place. They may cause us to change directions. Or motivate us to greater achievement. Or keep us moving along when it's easier to go nowhere. Are you simply making the best of a bad situation, or will it make the best of you? 【写作内容】 1.用约 30 个词概括这段短文的内容; 2.用约 120 个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)列举自己或他人的例子,谈谈如何处理逆境。 (2)谈谈你对逆境的看法。 【写作要求】 1.作文应涵盖写作内容所有要点,可以适度发挥;

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