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2011年中考英语易错题(2)


年中考英语易错题( 2011 年中考英语易错题(2)
1. ago

[误] Tom's father has been dead five years ago. [正] Tom's father died five years ago. [析] ago 意为由说话时算起, 若干时间以前。 它只能和一般动词过去时连用, 而不要与完成时连用。

[误] Yesterday I met a friend. We didn't see each other for a long time since we left the college twenty years ago. [正] Yesterday I met a friend. We hadn't seen each other for a long time since we left the college twenty years ago. [析] 要注意的是在本句 ago 是用在由 since 引起的从句之中,只是从句应用过去时,但不影响主句 的时态。

2. agree

[误] Does the teacher agree to us? [正] Does the teacher agree with us? [误] Does he agree with our plan? [正] Does he agree with us? [析] agree with 指“同意某人的提议、建议、计划”等。如果要讲同意某项计划则要用 agree to, 如: Do you agree to the plan?

3. all

[误] The old man has two sons. All of them are workers. [正] The old man has two sons. Both of them are workers. [析] all 是指三者或以上的全部,而 both 则是指“两者都”。

[误] The all children are playing football now. [正] All the children are playing football now. [析] all 作修饰词时其位置要在所有的修饰词之前,不论这些修饰词是定冠词、指示代词、形容词 或名词,或代词的所有格。

[误] You all are right. [正] You are all right. [析] all 作同位语时其位置要置于 be 动词之后,实意动词之前,如:The teachers all work hard. 或 用于第一助动词之后,如:The boys have all been waiting for their mothers.

4. almost

[误] Nearly nobody thinks he is right. [正] Almost nobody thinks he is right. [析]nearly 与 almost 是近义词, 其含意差别不大, 但是与否定词连用时要用 almost, 例如: brought She almost no money with her. 此句中的 almost 不能用 nearly 替换。

5. alone

[误] The old man lived lone but he didn't feel lonely. [正] The old man lived alone, but he didn't feel lonely. [析] alone, lone, lonely 三个词全具有“孤单、孤独”之意。但其用法不同:lone 可以作定语,而 alone 则只能作表语,lonely 则多指感情上与感觉上的孤独。

6. already

[误] We are already for the work. [正] We are all ready for the work. [析] already 是副词,其意为“已经”,如:He already knew about it. 而 all ready 为形容词意为“准备 好”。

already yet already 多用于肯定句中,例如:The students have already finished the work. 而 yet 则多用于疑问句与 否定句中,如:Have you finished it yet? I haven't finished it yet.

7. also

[误] I didn't find the dictionary also. [正] I didn't find the dictionary either. [析] 作为“也”讲,在否定句中要用 either 而不能用 also.

also too also 与 too 都可用在肯定句中表示“也”,但 also 通常用于 be 动词或情态动词之后,如:I can also do it myself. 而 too 一般放于句尾。I'll attend his class, too.

8. always

[误] Always he asked himself why he had come here. [正] He always asked himself why he had come here. [析] always 一般不能用于句首, 它在一般句中的位置是于动词之前第一助动词之后, I've always 如: thought he is honest. 又如:He is always late.

9. among

[误] If the three apples are divided among the two boys how much will each receive? [正] If the three apples are divided among the three boys how much will each receive? [析] among 常用于三个事物或人物之间,而 between 则多用于两者之间。

10. an

[误] This is an useful dictionary. [正] This is a useful dictionary. [析] 详见 a 条。


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