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圣经与西方文化课程期末考试题型


The Bible and Western Culture (Final) Part I True or False ( 30 points) 1. _T__ 2. F___ 3. ___ 4. ___ 5. ___ 6. ___ 7. ___ 8. ___ 9. ___ 10. ___ 11. ___ 12. ___ 13. ___ 14. ___ 15. ___ Part II Identify the sources of the following Bible verses. (10 points) Directions: In this section, there are ten verses taken from the Bible. You are required to select the source for each verse from a list of choices given. 16._A__ 17._B__ 18. ___ 19. ___ 20.___ 21.___ 22.___ 23.___ 24.___ 25. ___ Part III Idioms (40 points) Directions: In this section, there are ten sentences. Please fill in the blanks with the idioms given below. And then translate the idioms into Chinese and tell their sources and metaphorical meanings in Chinese. Your answer should include 4 parts: the idiom chosen, its Chinese translation, the biblical origin and its metaphorical meaning. 26. ( A ) 27. ( B) 28. ( ) 29. ( ) 30. ( ) 31. ( ) 32. ( ) 33. ( ) 34. ( ) 35. ( ) Part VI Essay Writing (20 points) Please select one of the following 2 topics and write an essay on it. Remember to give examples to support your opinion. Your essay should be no less than 300 words.

Name the books of the Bible by category. 可参看教材第 7&8 页 汉语部分 Old Testament ? 1. Law of Moses Genesis Exodus New Testament 1. Gospels Matthew Mark

Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy ? 2. ? 2. History books Joshua Judges Ruth 1st Samuel 2nd Samuel 1st Kings 2nd Kings 1st Chronicles 2nd Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther ?3. Poetry & Wisdom Job Psalms

Luke John

History book Acts

3. Letters ? Letters of Paul Romans 1st Corinthians 2nd Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1st Thessalonians 2nd Thessalonians 1st Timothy 2nd Timothy Titus

Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon ? ?

Philemon

General Letters

Hebrews [perhaps by Paul] ?4. Prophets ? Major Prophets Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel James 1st Peter 2nd Peter 1st John 2nd John 3rd John Jude

?

Minor Prophets

4. Prophecy Revelation

Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum

Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi

Part I Fill in the blanks. 1. The two foundations of western culture are __________ foundation and ______________ foundation. (Greco-Roman foundation and Judeo-Christian foundation.) 2. The Old Testament is an agreement God made with Israel nation, while the New Testament is an agreement God made with all nations. 3. The books in the Old Testament are written in Hebrew_, with some chapters in Aramaic, while the New Testament is written in ancient Greek. 4. The Authorized Version, also called King James Bible, was completed in the year of _1611____. 5. The book of Job is one of the 5 books of Poetry and Wisdom. (true) 6. The Prophets in the Old Testament contain 5_major_ Prophets and 12 _minor Prophets. 10. The history book in the New Testament is Acts.

11. The letters in the New Testament are divided into 2 categories: __________ and _________. (Paul’s letters and General letters.) 12. The last book in the Bible is called Revelation. 13. ____Genesis_ is considered to be the seed plot of the Bible. 14. The story of Tower of Babel_ tells about the origin of man’ s dialects from a philosophical viewpoint. 15. The tree of knowledge and its fruit stand for wisdom and knowledge of good and evil. 16. God instructed Noah to build an __ark________. 17. When the waters receded, the ark came to rest on Mount Ararat _. 18. Noah sent a _dove to see if the flood waters had gone down. 19. The origin of the Jewish holiday of Passover is recorded in the book of _Exodus_____. 20. _Judges_____ Ruled Israel during the time of Ruth 21. Elimelech and Naomi left Bethlehem, Judea because of_famine____. 22. Ruth was from _Moab_____. 23. The great grandson of Ruth and Boaz is _David_____. 24. A fig__leaf___ is widely used figuratively associated with the covering up of an act or an object that is embarrassing or distasteful with something of innocuous 无害的 appearance.

25. . The dove and __olive branch__ is one of the most ancient symbols of peace. They first appeared in the Biblical story of Noah's Ark as mentioned in Genesis 8 :11-… 26. The idiom Noah’s Ark__ has been used figuratively to represent a place of refuge, a shelter from trouble. 27. The word Babel means _confusion_. Part II Choose the best answer 1. The covenant of circumcision is made by God with _______. A. Noah B. Jacob C. Abraham D. Moses

2. God told Abraham to offer his only son as sacrifice, here the son refers to _______. A. Jacob B. Joseph C. Lot D. Isaac

3. The father of the Twelve Tribes of the Israel is _______. A. Jacob B. Abraham C. Joseph D. David

4. Which of the following tribes does not count as the Twelve Tribes of Israel? A. Benjamin B. Judah C. Levi D. Manasseh

5. Approximately how many of the descendants of Jacob of Israel went to Egypt? A.24 B.40 C. 70 D. 120

6. Of what tribe was Moses?

A. Levi

B. Benjamin C. Judah

D. Manasseh

7. Who did God offer to Moses as a spokesman? A. Aron B. Jushua C. Miriam D. None of the above

8. What did Pharaoh command the taskmasters when Moses first requested him to let Israel go? (5:6-13) A. Beat the Israelites B. Make Israelites build the city of Rameses C. Make them produce same number of bricks without providing straw D. All of the above 9. What was the last of the ten plagues? A. boils B. darkness C. hailstones D. death of the firstborn

10. What problem did they encounter at Marah? A. Attacked by enemies water was bitter 11. The Ten Commandments were given at _____. A.Mount Nebo the above 12. The first Commandment is ______. A. B. C. You shall not make for yourself any graven image You shall have no other gods before Me. Honor your father and your mother B. Mount Sinai C.Mount Moriah D. None of B. Extreme heat C. Lack of food D. The

D.

You shall not murder.

13. How did God change the land after Adam and Eve sinned? A. There was extreme weather changes B. There was a big earthquake and many mountains were formed C. The earth produced thorns and weeds D. Many plants died 14. What was the name of the city where Lot moved to after separating from Abram/Abraham?(Genesis 14:12; 19:1) A. Sodom B. Gomorrah C. Haran D. Ur

15. Identify the artists of the following art works.

Michelangelo

Francesco Hayez;

Michelangelo

Rembrandt;

Michelangelo

Peter Paul Rubens;

Rembrandt;

Leonardo da Vinci

Raphael

弗朗索瓦.米勒(Jean-Francois Millet)

Rembrandt;

Michelangelo

Rembrandt;

17. _____ is the ancient Greek translation of the Jewish scriptures, an Old Testament source for early Christians. A. King James Bible C. Vulgate B. Septuagint D. Revised Standard Version

18. ________ is considered to be the father of Judaism & Christianity & Islam. A. Abraham B. Moses C. Jacob D. Joseph

19. _______ is first mentioned in Genesis creation narrative, where the seventh day is set aside as a day of rest and made holy by God (Genesis 2:2-3). A. Passover B. Sabbath C. Purim D. Pentecost

20. Which of the following art work does not belong to Michelangelo? A.Pietà (哀悼基督) B. The Last Judgment C. Potiphar's Wife D. Moses 21. What does the word 'Exodus' mean? A. death or end B. the truth C. departure D. word of God

22. The Law of Moses or Torah (Judaists) refers to the following books: A. Exodus; Genesis; Joshua B. Genesis; Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers; Deuteronomy C. Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers; Judges D. Leviticus; Deuteronomy 23. The leader of the Protestant Reformation is_____. A. Calvin B. Martin Luther C. Martin Luther King D. Wesley

1. The Law of the Israel Nation is mainly recorded in the following book(s):

A. Exodus B. Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers; Deuteronomy C. Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers; Judges D. Leviticus; Deuteronomy 2. According to the Jewish sanitary and health laws, which of the following food can be eaten? (Leviticus 11 ) A. rabbit B. camel C. locust D. raven

3. According to the Israel law, there are _____ cities of refuge where a person could go to be protected if he had killed someone accidentally. A. 5 B. 6 C. 4 D. 8

1. ______ is the only female judge in the book of Judges. A. Jael B. Deborah C. Miriam D. Hagar

2. How many men did Gideon finally take to fight the Midianites? A. 300 B. 350 C. 1000 D. 10000

3. What did Gideon’s men shout? (7:20-23) A. Glory to God C. We have the victory B. Hallelujah D. The sword of the LORD, and of Gideon

4. Who vowed that if the Lord would deliver the children of Ammon into his hands, then whatever came forth of the doors of his house to meet him he would offer it up for a burnt offering? (11:30-31) A. Othniel B. Gideon C. Jephthah D. Sisera

5. The angel of the LORD said to Manoah’s wife regarding the son that was to be born of her that no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a ____________ to God from the womb (13:5) A. Judge B. Nazareth C. Nazarite D. Prophet

6. With what did Samson slay a thousand Philistines? (15:9-16) A. A millstone B. An ox goad C. A sword D. All of the above

E. None of the above 7. Which sentence ends the book of Judges? A. And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD B. C. And yet they would not hearken unto their judges In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which

was right in his own eyes D. "All the people did what was right in God’s eyes.”and "the land

had rest from war". 1. During what period did the story of Ruth occur? (1:1) A. divided kingdom B. Judges C. Prophets D. United kingdoms

2. Why did Elimelech and his family go to Moab? (1:1-2) A. An angel told them B. Famine C. Pestilence D. War

3. Why did Naomi decide to return from the country of Moab? (1:6-7) A. Famine B. Her relatives invited her

C. She was afraid of how the Moabites would treat her

D. None of the above 4. What did Naomi want to be called? (1:19-21) A. Mara B. Mary C. Sara D. None of the above

5. What did Ruth do in the field of Boaz? (2:2-4) A. Gleaned B. Plowed C. Pruned D. None of the above

6. What had Boaz heard about Ruth? (2:11-12) A. All that she had done for her mother in law since the death of her husband B. She had left her father and mother C. She trusted in the LORD God of Israel D. All of the above 7. What did Boaz tell his young men to do? (2:15-17) A. Let Ruth glean even among the sheaves B. Let fall some handfuls of purpose for Ruth C. Rebuke her not D. Reproach her not E. All of the above 8. How long was Ruth allowed to glean in the field of Boaz? (2:23) A. To the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest B. Until Boaz felt she had enough C. Until they plowed up the fields

D. Until winter 9. Where did Ruth lie down after Boaz fell asleep? (3:14) A. At the feet of Boaz B. At Naomi’s house D. With the rest of the gleaners

C. In the field where she gleaned

10. What was the method of confirming a transfer of property? (4:7-8) A. A priest confirmed the transfer of property B. One man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbor C. The men shook hands D. They agreed between two or three witnesses 11. What did Boaz buy and acquire? (4:9-12) A. All that was Elimelech's C. Ruth to be his wife B. All that was Chilion's and Mahlon's D. All of the above

12. Who was Ruth’s great-grandson? (4:13-22) A. David B. Jesse C. Obed D. Solomon

13. The book of Psalms is the _____ book in the Bible. A. longest B. most beautiful C. greatest D. most widely read

14. Psalms cove what area of human experience and emotions? A. All of them C. fear vs. confidence B. anger vs. compassion D. sorrow vs. joy

15. In Jesus’ eight blessings/beatitudes, the first is _______.

A. Blessed are the peacemakers, B. Blessed are the poor in spirit, C. Blessed are the meek, D. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, 16. ______ is called the weeping prophet. A. Jeremiah B. Isaiah C. Daniel D.Amos

17. After the death of _______, the United Kingdom of Israel was divided into two kingdoms: Northern Kingdom of Israel and Southern Kingdom of Judah. A. Moses B. Solomon C. David D. Saul

18. Abraham started Judaism when he created a covenant with God to be monotheistic (the belief in the one and only God). ( true) 20. review page20: change or curse of the land or human after Adam and Eve sinned 21. Christianity became legalized in the Roman Empire with Emperor Constantine. (true) 22. The word “Pentateuch” comes from a Greek term meaning "the five (penta) books." The Pentateuch includes the first five books of the Bible —Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These books are often called “the Law,” but in addition to legal materials they include poems, songs, and epic narratives about the people of God. The

Hebrew term used for these books is “Torah,” which means “instruction.” These books have sometimes been called the five books of Moses, although most modern scholars think that the Pentateuch includes materials that were written down by various people over a period of centuries. The Pentateuch tells a story that extends from the Creation (Genesis 1) to the time when the people of Israel are encamped on the edge of the promised land (Deuteronomy 34). 24. The sentence “In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” is frequently seen in the book of _______. A. Joshua B. Judges C. 1 Kings D. Isaiah

25. The Old Testament talks about sin and judgement, while the New Testament talks about God’s comfort and salvation. (true) 26. The term Ivory Tower originates in the Biblical Song of Solomon. (true) 27. review the ten Commandments 28. Jewish holidays and festivals: Purim (普珥节); Passover; Pentecost(五 旬节); Feast of Tabernacles 住棚节, Feast of Unleavened Bread 除酵节, 29. Pontius Pilate is best known as the judge at the trial of Jesus and the man who authorized the crucifixion of Jesus. (true)

30. Worldwide, the three largest groups of Christianity are the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the various denominations of Protestantism. (true) 31. 教材 196 页:犹太教 5 个节日必须诵读的书卷

32. Review the 8 blessings by Jesus.. Part III learn about the following facts. 1. In Islam, Ishmael is regarded as a prophet (nabi) and an ancestor to Muhammad. 2. The selling of indulgences (赎罪券)by the Catholic Church triggered the Protestant Reformation. 3. The Law of Moses or Torah (Judaists) transformed those ignorant nomads(无知的牧民) into a civilized, settled nation. 4. Israel people do not eat the muscle or sinew 筋 of the thigh of an animal because Jacob wrestled with an angel and wrenched his hip. 5. From the law, Sabbath (year) of the Land, we see the idea of a sustainable(可持续的) development. 6. The Ten Commandments put forward the theory of monotheism(一神 论) through the way of contract(合同; 契约), which is a revolution (革命)in the history of human religion. 7. Moses finished the steps of abstracting(提取;概括) the Lord through the Ten Commandments. Therefore, the form of faith(信仰) of Jews

changes from the original totems(图腾)to a mature religion(成熟的宗 教). 8. The Ten Commandments are formed in the way of contract. This kind of contract between the Lord and human with characters of mutual 相互 的 rights and equal responsibility firstly appeared in the river of history. 9. The Crusades (1096-1291) was carried out in the name of restoring Christian access to the holy places in and near Jerusalem(耶路撒冷). 10. Exodus has become a symbol of pursuit of freedom and liberation. 11. The symbol of the serpent on the pole is used by the medical profession on its badges and banners. 12. The Jews read the book of Ruth at Pentecost every year. 13. The Book of Ruth offers a fascinating short story about a non-Jewish woman who married into a Jewish family and became an ancestor of David and Jesus. Thus for Christians, the Book of Ruth represents an early sign that the Messiah would liberate all of humankind, not solely the Jews. 14. Western civilization traces its roots back to European and Mediterranean 地中海的 classical antiquity. It is associated with nations linked to the former Western Roman Empire and with Medieval 中世纪的 Western Christendom who emerged from feudalism to experience such transformative historical episodes as the Renaissance, the Reformation,

the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution and the development of liberal democracy. Western Civilization has spread to produce the dominant cultures of modern North America, Latin America, and Oceania, and has had immense global influence in recent centuries. Part IV Match each of the following Bible verse with its speaker. A. Cain David B. Adam I. Saul J. Job C. Joseph K. Baoz D. Ruth F. Moses G. Debora H.

L. Jesus M. Jeremiah

( A. Cain ) 1. “I know not: Am I my brother’s keeper?” ( B. Adam ) 2. “This is now bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh:……”. ( C. Joseph) 3. “As for you, you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, to bring about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.” ( Ruth ) 4. “Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God ” ( Moses ) 5. “Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?” ( Moses ) 6. “The LORD is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation;”

( Deborah ) 7. “So let all thine enemies perish, O Lord: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might.” ( Deborah ) 8. “They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera. The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength ”. ( David ) 9. “I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.” ( Saul ) 10. Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?” ( Job ) 11. “Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night [in which] it was said, There is a man child conceived.” ( Job ) 12. “I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee.” ( Boaz ) 13. “Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens”. (Boaz ) 14. The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.

(Queen of Sheba) 15. “The report I heard in my own country about your achievements and your wisdom is true. But I did not believe these things until I came and saw with my own eyes. Indeed, not even half was told me; in wisdom and wealth you have far exceeded the report I heard. ( Jesus ) 16. “But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven.” ( Job ) 17. “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will depart. The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away; may the name of the Lord be praised.” ( Solomon ) 18. And I set my heart to know wisdom and to know madness and folly. I perceived that this also is grasping for the wind. For in much wisdom is much grief, And he who increases knowledge increases sorrow. ( Jesus ) 19. "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age."

( Jeremiah ) 20. For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water. (Serpent ) 22. "Ye shall not surely die. For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil." (David) 23. “You do not delight in sacrifice, or I would bring it; you do not take pleasure in burnt offerings. My sacrifice, O God, is a broken spirit; a broken and contrite 痛悔 heart you, God, will not despise 轻视.” (Jesus) 24. “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” (Paul) 25. “For I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate. For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing.”

Part V. Identify the sources of the following verses.

A. the song of Debora Judges E. Isaiah F. Proverbs

B. the song of Moses

C. Psalms

D.

G. Ecclesiastes

H. Gospel I. the Lamentations

of Jeremiah (B. the song of Moses ) 1. "I will sing to the Lord, For He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea! The Lord is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation; ( Psalms ) 2. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. ( Psalms ) 3. The Lord is my Shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for His name' sake. thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

( the song of Deborah ) 5. They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera. The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength. ( the song of Deborah ) 6. So let all thine enemies perish, O Lord: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. (Isaiah ) 7. And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. ( Proverbs ) 8. Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil. Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all. Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain: but a woman that feareth the Lord, she shall be praised (G. Ecclesiastes ) 9. To everything there is a season, A time for every purpose under heaven: A time to be born, And a time to die;

A time to plant, And a time to pluck what is planted; A time to kill, And a time to heal; A time to break down, And a time to build up; 4 A time to weep, And a time to laugh; A time to mourn, And a time to dance; (Gospel ) 10. Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the birds of the air came and devoured it up. And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. And some fell among thorns, the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. And other fell on good ground, did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, some an hundred. He said unto them, He that has ears to hear, let him hear.

(Gospel )11. “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.” ( the Lamentations of Jeremiah )12. How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! How is she become as a widow! She that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary! ( Psalms ) 13. Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. But his delight is in the law of the Lord; and in his law doth he meditate day and night. And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper. (Genesis) 14. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

(Gospel) 16. “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” (Song of Songs ) 17. Set me as a seal on your heart, as a seal on your arm: for love is strong as death; jealousy is cruel as the grave: the coals thereof are coals of fire, which has a most vehement flame. (Gospel) 18. “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. But go and learn what this means: ‘I desire mercy, not sacrifice.’For I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.” ( Judge ) 18. "remember me, I pray thee, and strengthen me, I pray thee, only this once, O God, that I may be at once avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes" (Amos) 19. let judgement run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream. (Ecclesiastes) 20. vanity of vanities; all is vanity. (Proverbs) 20. It is better to dwell in the corner of the housetop, than with a brawling woman and in a wide house. (Proverbs) 21. Hatred stirred up strifes, but love covered all transgressions. (Psalm 137) 22. If I forget thee, O Jerusalem,

let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. (Ecclesiastes ) 23. However many years anyone may live, let them enjoy them all. But let them remember the days of darkness, for there will be many. Everything to come is meaningless. (Judges ) 24. "In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did that which was right in his own eyes," (Gospels) 25. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.

Part VII Briefly explain the following Biblical idioms in English. 可用参考资料:教材后典故解释 & baidu 或 google 该典故&? 1. forbidden fruit: . the original forbidden fruit was an apple from the tree of knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden; it is now used to refer to anything that is tempting but dangerous (as sexuality) 2. Cain’s mark 3. the promised land

4. a mess of pottage 5. Land flowing milk and honey 6. Manna 7. Worship the golden calf 8. Sodom and Gomorrah 9. city of refuge 10. Tower of Babel 11. make bricks without straw 12. Jephthah’s daughter 13. the Prince of Peace 14. Job’s patience 15. cast pearls before swine 16. bear one’s cross 17. lap water to the mouth 18. flesh pot of Egypt 19. Garden of Eden 20. Babylon 21. David and Goliath 22. David and Janathan 23. Marah

24. put off his sandal and give it to the other party 25. the salt of the earth, the light of the world 26. beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks 27. a fig leaf 28. Noah’s Ark

Part VII Match each name with its meaning. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Abraham Sarah Isaac Cain Esaul Jacob A. princess B. grab C. hairy D. laughter E. father of many nations F. acquire

(1.E; 2. A; 3.D; 4.F; 5.C; 6.B) Match the idioms with the characters involved. 7. forbidden fruit 8. olive branch 9. the promised land 10. a mess of pottage 11. circumcision A. Esaul B. Abraham C. Eve D.Noah E.Judah

(7. C; 8. D; 9. B; 10. A; 11. B ) Match the authors with the works. The Pilgrim's Progress Johann Wolfgang Goethe John Milton Dante Charlotte Bronte William Shakespeare John Bunyan "Faust" Paradise Lost The Divine Comedy Jane Eyre The Merchant of Venice

Part VIII Essay writing(in English) 1. Please make a comment on the Ten Commandments and its great influence /impact on western culture. 2. Please make a comment on the cultural significance of Exodus. 3. Can you tell of any Jewish laws that seem to be humane to you. 4. Make a comment on Moses’ position in the history of Israel nation. 5. Why is the symbol of the serpent on the pole used by the medical profession on its badges and banners? 6. Make a comment on the five-fold recursive pattern in the book of Judges.. 7. Explain the triple meanings of the book of Ruth: in history; in religion and in morality.

8. What do you learn from the 3 kings? How have the stories of the 3 kings influenced western culture? 9. The question, “Who do people say the son of man is?” (Matt. 16:13), while originally posed by Jesus to the disciples, is still the subject of much debate today. People’s appraisals 评价 of Jesus differ widely. Some say Jesus was a non-religious Jewish Cynic 犬儒. Some say he was a Jewish holy man like Confucius or Buddah 释迦牟尼. Some say he was a social reformer who fought against the oppressive social structures of his day. Others see Jesus as a religious reformer who condemned the religious corruption of the temple system. Still others have seen Jesus as a political revolutionary who sought to overthrow Roman rule in Palestine. What do you think of Jesus? What is Jesus’ influence on western culture? 10. Write down your appreciation of the following selected reading from the Bible. And he (Jesus) taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, “Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the birds of the air came and devoured it up. And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and

because it had no root, it withered away. And some fell among thorns, the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. And other fell on good ground, did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, some an hundred. He said unto them, He that has ears to hear, let him hear.” a) And he said unto them, “Know ye not this parable? And how then will ye know all parables? The sower soweth the word. And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts. And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended. And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word, and the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.” (Mark 4:3-20)

11. What have you learned about the Bible’ influence on western culture?
346291 Comment on Samson Part 1. Briefly summarize the story of Samson. Part 2. Comment on Samson Is Samson a success or failure? Is the story a comedy or tragedy? How do you see Samson? How does the Bible see Samson? Part 2 should be longer than Part1 (no less than 300 words) 题目:[351769] The Bible's influence on western culture 1.Summarize the influence and try to provide examples. ?2.Write a paper in no less than 600 words


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