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高中英语书面表达精品课件_图文

邹城一中 高三李冬各

高考考试说明 第II卷书面表达部分的解读与例证
关于写作 “‘写作’的词数要求提高到120左 右词汇,既要求表达事实信息,又要陈 述个人观点,相对以往试题而言,思维 和表达的空间骤然增大,需要考生花大 力气进行有关训练。”

2006年12月19日B2版 [例证] 当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。 有人选择看电影,有人则喜欢读 原著。请你以“Film or book,
which do you prefer?” 为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语 短文:

看电影:省时、有趣、易懂 读原著:细节更多、语言优美 我的看法及理由 注意: 1、词数:100-120 文章题目和开头已 给出(不计入词数)。 2、参考词汇:original work 或 book in the original (原著)
Film or book, which do you prefer?
Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. ……………………………………………

Film or book, which do you prefer? Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. …………………………………………… [bad beginnings] a. I don’t think seeing a film is better than
reading a book. b. As for me, …… c. Others hold the view that……
[bad conclusions] a. I think both films and books have their
advantages. b. I have no preference between the two. c. I first watch a film , then read the book.

Good Conclusions:我的看法及理由:
Revised film is just like one tree in the original work’s forest. I prefer to go across the forest rather than enjoy only one tree.
Through reading, every reader will have a different Hamlet in mind. So don’t give up reading. Let’s taste the original flavor of art.
…Books introduce us into the best society. By reading a book, we hear what they said and did; we see them as if they were really alive; we sympathize with them, enjoy with them.

[给出的参考答案]
Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting, and it is easier to follow. Some others have just the opposite opinion. They think that they can get more detailed information from the original. Meanwhile, the language in the book is possibly more lively and beautiful.

Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it. I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a situation of my own, and what’s more, I am able to better understand the author’s ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it.

高考英语作文模版
对比观点题型 阐述主题题型 解决方法题型 说明利弊题型

对比观点题型 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己
的看法。 1.有一些人认为。。。 2.另一些人认为。。。 3.我的看法。。。
(2)给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

The topic of ①----------主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).
From my point of view, I think ⑧--------------(我的观 点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

(2)给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点
Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说 明).And it will bring them ③------- (为他们带来的好 处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二).
Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所 讨论主题的看法).

阐述主题题型 要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提 纲的要求进行论述. 1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. 2.分析并举例使其更充实.

The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语) reminds us that ----- (释义). In deed, we can learn many things form it. First of all,---------- (理由一). For example, ------------- (举例说明). Secondly,------(理由二). Another case is that -------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).
In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short,
whatever you do, please remember the say---A.
If you understand it and apply it to your study
or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.

解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种 途径 1.问题现状 2.怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点

In recent days, we have to face a
problem-----A, which is becoming more
and more serious. First, -----------(说明A的现状).Second, --------------(举例进一步说明现状)
Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope
with the situation. For one thing, ----------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, ------- (解决方法三). Personally, I believe that ----------(我的解决方法).
Consequently, I’m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).

说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状, 再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从 一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求
考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出 预测) 1. 说明事物现状 2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) 3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ------(A的优点之一). Besides -----------(A的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点). To make matters worse, --------------(A的第二个点).
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).

As is shown/indicated by the figure/percentage in the table (graph/picture/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease significantly/dramatically/steadily rising from____ in ____ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.
There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______ On the one hand, _____. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________.In addition, ________is responsible for _______.May be there are some other reasons to show ___. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that __ . I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

Studying Abroad Attending schools abroad has many advantages. Firstly, by looking at our own country form outside, we can widen our vision and broaden our minds. Secondly, we can visit famous scenic spots and make friends with the local people. thirdly, we can use the foreign language … quickly.
However, there are also some disadvantages in attending a foreign school. The most serious problem is the language barrier. Most students do not have adequate knowledge of language spoken there. On arriving there, they find it difficult to understand what the teachers are saying. Furthermore, the cost of living is much higher than that in our country, so most students have to find part-time job to support themselves.
On the whole, it is a good thing to study abroad. However, one must not lose sight of the disadvantages.

On punctuality Punctuality means observing regular or appointed time. There is no doubt that punctuality is of great importance in modern world, and to be punctual is not only a good quality, but it is also to show respect for others and to win trust. As far as I am concerned, failure to be punctual in keeping one’s appointment is invited to a dinner and arrives later than the appointed time, he keeps all the others guests waiting. This is great discourtesy towards both the guests and the host. As a proverb says, “ Time flies never to be recalled”, this is true. If we lose something, we may find it again. But lost time can never be regained. In fact, time itself is life. Therefore, wasting other’s time is the same as taking away time from others’ lives.

Is the only way out to go to college
We had a discussion about whether it is the only way out for senior students to go to college. Views vary from person to person. The majority of students consider it necessary to go to college. They think it can widen their knowledge and improve their qualities. Only in this way can they find better jobs after graduation. Very few students think it unnecessary to go to university, because the tuition is too high for their family to afford. What’s more, it’s rather hard for college graduates to find satisfactory jobs. Thirty percent of the students, however, believe “ All roads lead to Rome.” Therefore, it doesn’t make any difference whether they go to college or not. In my opinion, we can receive a better education at college so that we can sever our motherland.

写作中需要注意的问题
了解短文写作的内容及要求 把握好写作步骤 写作时要注意“三忌” 形式上要一致 避免犯小的笔误(语法,拼写) 书写规范,工整

形式上的一致也是运用英语进行表达时需要十分注意的 a.主谓一致 Twenty percent of the students in our class is from the suburb. b. 人称、指代要一致 Bring your books here tomorrow and I will return it to the library. c. 平行(对称)关系要一致 My teacher, Mr Wang, is patient as well as imagination. d.时态(语态)的起点要一致 Mary got up and dressing quickly.

书面表达注意衔接与连贯
表示转折关系的词:but, while, however, yet, rather than, not … but, whereas,… 表示选择关系的词:or, either…or, … 表示原因,结果关系的词:for, thus, because, since,… 表示并列关系:not only … but also, and, both … and, as well as. neither… nor.., … 表示时间关系的词:when, while, as, before, after, …. 表示目的的词:for this purpose, so that, in order that, … 表示让步关系的词:although, though, even though/ if … 表示条件的词:if, unless, as/ so long as,…

eg: Therefore, it’s very important for us to form healthy eating habits._H_o_w__e_v_e_r__, bad eating habits are still very common among us students. ( 2006 福建卷)
_E_i_t_h_e_r you didn’t speak clearly, __o_r__ I didn’t listen well.
However, others prefer to go out for traveling, __s_in_c_e___ it can increase their knowledge and broaden their horizons. (2006陕西卷)
However, this change has bad _a_s__w_e_l_l _a_s good effects, especially dependence on the Internet. (2006 广东卷)
__W_h_e_n___ he got home, he said to his grandpa, “Birds also need friends!” (2006 辽宁卷)

写好主题句:
一. 主题句在段落中常出现的位置由两种。
1. 段落开端: 后面的句子提供支持信息或论证。 Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting and it is easier to follow.
2. 段落结尾:前面提供细节的支持句,最后用一句总结性的主 题句加以概括。 I’m a high school students in Beijing, where the Winter Asian Games will start. My spoken English is good and I can communicate with foreigners fluently. And I have other virtues. I like sports and I’m familiar with Beijing. So I think I’m suitable for serving the WAG.

二.写好段落主题句的三原则 1. 概括全段主要内容,既不能以偏概全,也不能随意扩大范围
如:在一段介绍“我在英语学习听说读写方面发生的变化”的 段落中,主题句应该是: My spoken English has improved a lot. Great changes have taken place in my English study.
2. 有体现中心思想的关键词或短语。
3. 以简洁明了的句子为主,避免为追求使用 复杂结构而导致理解错误或主题不鲜明的句子。

Learning a foreign language has changed. Not so long ago students would sit with pens in hand, writing the basic forms of a language, and the learning structures they would never be able to speak. In that same classroom today, pens and notebooks have been put away. The spoken sounds of foreign language fill the room…
请根据下面选篇的结构形式和内容确定一个主题句。 ________________ Firstly, the tuition is reasonable.
Secondly, the university can help the students get a sum of loan from the banks, which reduces the load of
peasant families like mine. Thirdly, its program in computer is recognized as the leader in the country.
A. Why do I choose to major in computer science in this university?
B. There are several reasons why I have decided to attend this university.

写好段落扩展句
扩展句是主题句的具体例证或有力支持。写好扩展句要注意 以下三点: 1. 扩展句要紧扣文章中心和主题句的内容。扩展句是主题句的 补充和支持。 2. 扩展句的层次很重要。一个主题句可以从以下几方面展开,每 一个方面就是一个扩展句。这些扩展句只有按照时间,空间, 因果等逻辑顺序展开,文章才能层次分明,条理清晰。 3. 关联词对扩展句来说很重要。汉语注意思想相联,英文强调 形式相联。从属于一个主题句的几个扩展句不能简单地堆砌 在一起了事,而要用丰富多采的连词连接起来。

阅读下面的文段,并为所给的扩展句排列顺序: I think I’m fit for the job. __________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ So I’m sure I can do the job well if I get the position. A. I’m fond of English and do well in both speaking and
writing. B. As a student, I have read a lot and have much
knowledge in many fields. C. Above all, I once worked as a reporter for my school
broadcasting station. D. Besides, I’m easy to get along with and enjoy working
together with others.

写好结尾句
结尾句要紧扣段落主题,有要有所扩展。结尾句要力求简洁 有力,意味隽永。 结尾句可以借鉴一下几种方法: 1. 总结法
如04 年湖北试题关于英语学习的讨论,范文用“ In short, the students have not arrived any agreement.” 结尾。 2. 引用法 引用名人名言是使作文大放异彩的好方法。如05 广东 “守株待兔” 的结尾用“ No pains, no gains.” 显现了作者的良
功底。 3. 反问法 05 湖北试题用 “ what are you waiting for?” 的反问
为文章做了有力的结尾。

阅读下文,选出最佳结尾句。
We can see in the picture a little boy standing in front of a mirro He’s letting his imagination fly. What he sees in the mirror is not his physical self but what he will like in the twenty years. Although he is small and short now. he believed he will grow up to be a tall and strong young man like Yao Ming who he Admires._____________________________. A. This picture is really funny. B. In fact, the mirror is cheating the boy and it is useless to
pretend to be strong C. I think this picture tries to tell us that we should always look
into the future with hope and confidence. D. Yao Ming is great, while the boy is on the opposite.

练习一:
为进一步推进新课程改革,了解学生需求,优化 教学安排,最近你小进行大讨论。主题是:高中 生要不要每周都过星期天? 请你根据下表以 学生小华的身份写一篇短文向英文报社投稿 客观介绍讨论的结果并简要谈一下你的看法。

70% 的同学认为
1.应该过 2.可以使自己倒到 放松 3.可以多了解社会

30% 的同学认为
1.不必每周都过 2.学习任务重,以
提高考试成绩为 主 3. 有些学生上网玩 游戏,无所事事

自己的看法

练习二:
汽车作为一种新型的交通工具一直为人们所喜爱 但随着城市交通越来越来拥堵,环境越来越差, 现在又有很多人选择可自行车。请你以“Cars or Bicycles” 为题写一篇120词左右的短文。 文章开头以给出 适当阐述自己的观点
Cars or Bicycles Compared with cars, the advantages of bikes overweigh their disadvanges. Firstly, they are healthy and very convenient. _____________ ________________________________________

练习三:
请你根据下面的提示,写一篇120-150 词左右的短文,来谈谈克隆和克隆技术 1. Cloning 是我们医学研究的未来; 2. 在科学家研究的过程中,能发现生病的原因
利用克隆技术治疗不治之症,甚至助于 延长寿命; 3. 如果复制像爱因斯坦这样天才,对社会进步 起到极大的推动作用。 4. 如果可以复制已故亲人或宠物,人们的 生活会减少悲伤,增加欢乐; 5. 你对克隆人的看法。


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