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高二英语Book 8 Unit 4 课件_图文

Unit 4 Pygmalion

复习非谓语动词

Exercise
1. Their car was caught in a traffic jam,
thus ____ the delay.

A. to cause
C. caused

B. causing
D. cause

2. Sandy could do nothing but _____ to his teacher that he was wrong. (01 上海春季) A. admit B. admitted C. admitting D. to admit

3. After seeing the movie, _____.
A. the book was read by him

B. the book made him want to read it
C. he wanted to read the book

D. the reading of the book interested
him

4. The next morning she found the man in bed, _____ dead. A. lying B. lie C. lay D. laying 5. There was terrible noise ____ the sudden burst of light. A. followed C. to be followed B. following D. being followed

6. The secretary worked late into the

night, ____ a long speech for the
president.

A. to prepare
C. prepared

B. preparing
D. was preparing

7. “Can’t you read?” Mary said____
to the notice. A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily pointed D. and angrily pointing

8. He worked day and night, ____ his task ahead of time. A. finished B. finishing C. finish D. to finish 9. I was in the bathroom, not ___ the knock at the door. A. hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard

10. ___ a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving

B. Receiving not
C. Not having received

D. Having not received

11. What worried the boy most was
___ to visit his father in the hospital. A. his not allowing B. his not being allowed C. having not been allowed D. his being not allowed

12. They apologized for ____ to attend the meeting. A. their not being able B. their being not able C. them not able D. them being able not

13. ________ the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation. (2000北京春季) A.Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given

given (介词)考虑到,倘若,假定
14. _____ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. (05湖南卷)

A. Dressed
C. Dressing

B. To dress
D. Having dressed

15. ________ in the mountains for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police (05江苏卷)
A. Having lost C. Being lost B. Lost D. Losing

16. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain _____as the plane was making a landing. (04上海春季) A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating

17. With a lot of difficult problems _____, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. (02 上海春季) A. settledB. settling C. to settle D. being settled
18. Do let your mother know all the truth. She appears _____ everything. (01 上海) A. to tell B. to be told C. to be telling D. to have been told

19. I would love ____ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. (97 N) A. to go B. having gone C. going D. to have gone 20. Robert is said _____ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. (99 N) A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying

21. The research is so designed that once _____ nothing can be done to change it. (02 N) A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun

22. Finding her car stolen, _____. (01 上海). A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searching thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help

23. --- Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day? --- _____ enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up. (99 上海) A. Get B. Getting C. To get D. To be getting
24. _____ late in the afternoon, Bob turned off the alarm. (01 北京春季) A. To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having slept

25. In order to make our city green, _____. (02 上海春季) A. it is necessary to have planted more trees B. many more trees need to plant C. our city needs more trees D. we must plant more trees
26. Rather than ____ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ____ a bicycle. (94 N) A. ride … ride B. riding … ride C. ride … to ride D. to ride … riding

27. The missing boys were last seen ___ near the river. (94 N) A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play 28. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see_____ the next year. (00 N) A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out 29. Paul doesn’t have to be made _____. He always works hard. (95 N) A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning

Warming up and pre-reading 1. adapt/ adjust (oneself) to…适应……; adapt A to B 使A适应B; adapt A for B把A改编(改写)成B; adapt(改编,改写) the novel for a film; The film is adapted from the novel. adaptation [U]适应; [C]改编的作品(与to/of连用): make a good adaptation to…很适应…… an adaptation to/of a novel for the film由小说改编 的电影 2. if so; if not; work out(=make up) a story 3. caption标题,字幕,解说词

Warming up and pre-reading 4. bring sb. (back) to life使某人苏醒;让某人复 活;come to life苏醒过来=come to (oneself); bring sb. back to health使某人恢复健康 5. make …into…把……制成…… We will make the novel into a film. He made the wood into furniture(家具). 6. grant(同意,答应) (sb.) a request; grant(承认) that…; grant sb. permission to do… 准许某人做……; grant(承认) sth. to be true; take sth. for granted认为……是理所当然=take it for granted that…: I take his failure for granted. I take it for granted that he will fail.

Reading One
Pygmalion

1950年11月2日,英国现 代杰出的现实主义戏剧家肖伯 纳在圣劳伦斯的乡间别墅去世。 肖伯纳1925年获得诺贝尔 文学奖。他是一个幽默、正直、 不看重名利的人。恩格斯曾如 此评价他:“肖作为文学家, 他是很有才气和敏锐的,但作 为经济学家和政治家,却微不 足道,尽管他很正直,也不追 逐名利。” 他75岁寿辰时,高尔基写 信称颂他为“勇敢的战士”。 1932年,肖在上海会见了宋庆 龄、蔡元培、鲁迅等人,并和 他们建立了友谊。

鲁迅、萧伯纳 和蔡元培

五人照:鲁迅、蔡元培、宋庆龄、萧伯纳等

七人照:鲁迅、林语堂、伊罗生、蔡元培、宋庆龄、 萧伯纳,史沫特莱 (杨杏佛摄)

美国记者伊罗生

Lines 1-10 1. be ambitious(渴望,极欲,立志,热望) for/of…/ to do: He is ambitious for fame. She is ambitious to improve herself. 2. be expert(熟练的,有经验的, 老练的) at/in (doing) sth.; an expert in electronic电子学专家 3. be convinced of…/that…相信(确信,坚信)……; convince sb. of sth.= convince sb. that…使某人相 信(确信)…… 4. set(提出,安排,指定) sb. sth. 5. It is pouring with rain = The rain is pouring down大雨如注; pour sb. a cup of tea=pour a cup of tea for sb.; pour the tea into the cup

6. in all directions朝四面八方; in the direction of…朝……方向 7. hide from躲避……; hide (sb.) in the cave; be hidden in the cave躲藏在山洞里 8. make/take notes记笔记; make/take notes of… = make/take a note of… = take/put/write down…记下…… 9. shelter from…=hide from… =take shelter from…躲避……; shelter…from…保护(庇护,掩护)……以避开……: He sheltered the murderer from punishment. 10. hesitate(犹豫,踌躇) to do…; without hesitation 11. garment [C]长袍,外套; reaction反应

Lines 11-22 1. buy/get sb. sth.= buy/get sth. for sb.给某人买某 物; buy sth. off sb.买某人某物= buy sth. from sb. 2. change [U]零钱: I have no (small) change on/about/with me. 3. hopefully =with hope 4. Take this for three pence.这个(花)要三便士 5. look in/into…往……里面看; look into...调查… 6. sound+形容词、名词; sound like…/as if…听起来像…… 7. It is of use to sb./sth.=It is useful to sb./sth. This book is of great use to me.

Lines 23-28 1. be disappointed to do…/that…/at (doing) sth./ about sth. 2. outcome结果,结局, 成果,后果; result结果; consequence结局,结果,后果 3. speak of/about…谈到(谈起)……; speak to sb. 4. have a/the right(权利) to do… 5. There! There! (主要对象是小孩,用于抚慰、安 慰)好啦, 好啦 6. take ... for/as…把……当成(当作)…… 7. disguise n.&vt.假装, 假扮,伪装 disguise oneself as a beggar; disguise oneself by wearing a mask; a policeman in disguise 便衣警察

Lines 29-36 1. hand over…交出(移交); The paper is covered in writing.纸上写满字; cover one’s face in/with one’s hands双手掩面 2. imitate模仿; in one’s voice; in a loud/low voice 3. There you are. (用于引起注意)你呀。 4. be mistaken about…弄错(误会)…… 5. What if…?(= What will happen if …?)如果…… 该怎么办(会怎么样)? What if I can’t enter college? What if I don’t come? 6. What is it to you?这跟你有什么关系? It is nothing to me. 这跟我没关系。

Lines 37-46 1. classify = sort out分类; 2. place判定(认出,认清,认定): I can’t place the man. I can place a man by (根据,通过) just a few remarks.我只通过几句话就可以判定一个人。 3. congratulate(祝贺) sb. on sth.; congratulations to sb. on sth. 4. make an income 有收入 5. age 年代, 年龄:at (the age of) five; in the age of information 6. The rich are living in that area.

Lines 37-46 7. betray(泄露) secrets; betray(背叛,出卖=turn against) friends; His accent betrays(显示=show) him to be a foreigner = …betrays that he is a foreigner. betray oneself 露出本性(马脚), 暴露出真实身份, 暴露本来面目,原形毕露 8. Now once (she were) taught by me, she’d become… 9. an upper class 上层社会, 上等阶层; a lower class 下等社会,下等阶层

Lines 47-56 1. condemn 谴责,责备,责难, 注定, 判……刑,宣 告……不适用,宣告……患了不治之症: condemn sb. for sth.因……而谴责某人; condemn sb. to death 判某人死刑; The doctor condemned her. 医生说她患了绝症。 He condemns the meat as unfit for human consumption. 他宣告此肉不宜食用。 The bridge should be condemned.应宣告此桥不 适宜用。 condemn(注定) him to live in poverty all his life. condemn(注定) sb. to the bitter life

Lines 47-56 2. pass …off as…把……冒充为……: He passed himself off as a millionaire. They passed a brick off as a lap computer. 3. find sb. sth.=find sth. for sb. 替(为)某人找到某物 4. require (要求) that…(should)… require/need/want (需要)doing(主动表被动) = …to be done: The bike needs repairing. =…to be repaired. require(要求) sth. of sb.; require sb. to do 5. ignore sb.=leave sb. alone不理睬某人

Lines 57-68 1. make one’s acquaintance =make acquaintance of sb. 结识某人 2. a handful of …一把(一小撮, 少数,少量)…… 3. have/hold a celebration (of…) 庆祝(……) 4. in amazement/surprise/astonishment吃惊地 5. fortune [C&U]命运,运气, 财产: make a fortune发财,致富 6. wait and see =wait to see; can’t wait to do迫不及待地干……; wait for ... to do…: We are waiting for Mary to unlock the door. He can’t wait to know the result of the exam.

Reading Two Making the bet

Lines 1-4 1. make a bet on sth. with sb.同某人赌……; make a bet on sth. 打赌某物= bet on sth.; bet sb. 100 yuan跟某人打赌100元; bet that…确信 (敢打赌, 敢说,敢断定)…… I bet him $50 that Mary would come. 我认为玛丽会回来, 跟他赌50美元。 They betted/made a bet on the game.他们赌这场 比赛。 He never bets. We bet that it will be fine tomorrow. 2. conversation [C&U]会话,谈话: (be) in conversation with sb.在与某人交谈 I saw her in conversation with a friend.

Lines 5-9 1. fancy(=imagine) doing…; fancy oneself自负,自 信; fancy oneself (to be)…自认为(以为,自信)……; fancy that…自认为……; have a fancy for…喜 欢……= fancy…: He fancied himself (to be) young/a leader. Fancy meeting so many old friends! 真想不到见到这么多的老朋友! I fancy that he won’t come. I have a fancy for some wine with my dinner.= I fancy some wine for my dinner. 2. beat/defeat+竞争对手; win+事物: win the match; beat Jack in the match

Lines 10-20 1. ask to see you=ask for you 2. show/lead/take sb. in/out领某人进来(出去) 3. resign oneself to…=be resigned to…顺从(听从); resign oneself to one’s fate听天由命; resign one’s job/position 辞去工作(职务) resign(放弃) one’s right; resign sth. to sb.把某物交给某人; He has resigned(辞职). 4. a bit of bread/luck; not…a bit=not …in the least=not …at all一点也不 5. curts(e)y to sb.(女子)给某人行屈膝礼 =make/drop a curts(e)y to sb.

Lines 21-32 1. the other day几天前 2. ask for a favour寻求帮忙; do a favour for sb.=do sb. a favour; be in favour of…赞成(支持) 3. treat ... as/like… = keep/regard/ …as…= take… as /for…= look on...as…把……当作(看作)…… 4. have the face to do…有脸干……; 5. offer n.提议,要价,报价,开价 6. why int.(表示惊奇、犹豫、赞成、不耐烦、抗 议、异议等):唷,哎呀,啊, 哟, 咳,嗨,啊哟,噢, 呃,唔 Why, what a big water melon! Why, even a child knows that.

Lines 33-39 1. I say int. [美国用Say](用于引起注意,表示惊奇 或反感)喂,我说,哎呀: I say, what a huge lake! I say, Mike, who’s that fellow? 2. She is deliciously low.她粗俗得可爱; low粗俗的, 微贱的; deliciously有趣地 3. compromise(妥协,让步) with sb. on sth.; compromise(有损,牵连,连累,危及) one’s fame; You will compromise yourself if you do so. I have to compromise on this point.

Lines 40-43 1. …of one’s own自己的……; on one’s own独自地, 独立地=by oneself=alone He has a car of his own. He went on his own. 2. have a bath 3. otherwise conj.否则 (=or = or else)+句子; adv. 不同地,不那样, 否则, 用其他方法: You evidently think otherwise.你显然有不同的想 法。You will lag behind otherwise. 不那样你就会 落后。 4. sob(抽鼻子地)哭: sob her heart out哭得死去活 来;sob oneself to sleep哭着入睡;weep (流泪地哭) for joy; weep to do…; weep (over) sth.

Lines 44-54 1. disgust n.[U]; to one’s disgust令某人厌恶的是; in disgust厌恶地 He turned away in disgust. To our disgust, the bodies were black with flies. vt. 使作呕(厌恶,讨厌,反感);vi. 令人作呕 The smell disgusts (me); be disgusted at /by/with sth.讨厌(厌恶)…… 2. once more=once again; not just=not only 3. be in need of…需要……; be in short of…短缺…… 4. overlook (俯瞰,眺望,俯视) the bay from the window; overlook(忽略) a printer’s error

Lines 44-54 5. deal with… 1) 对待, 对付,应付(= handle) 2)与……相处(=get on/along with…); 3)处理 (=manage=handle=attend to…); 4) 论述, 涉及, 跟……有关(=be concerned with…) The book deals with West Africa. 6. begin/start (…) with…; to begin/start with首 先 Let’s begin with Lesson Five. The meeting began with a song. We began the meeting with a song. To begin with, I’ll refer to human rights.

Lines 44-54 7. consider…as/(to be) +形容词或名词; consider doing…; It is considered that…: He considers it as right=…it (to be) right. He is considering working out a plan. It is considered that he robbed the man of the money. 8. fade vi.&vt.(使)褪色(凋落,衰弱); 渐渐消失: Flowers faded. The color of her coat faded. The memory of her childhood faded from her mind. The strong sunlight faded the curtains.

A supplement to the text 1. in terms of …1) 根据, 依照(= according to … =based on…=with…=by…) 2) 用……的话 3) 在……方面; 从……方面(来说); 就……而言: He referred to your work in terms of high praise. Let each child read in terms of his own tastes. He has made great improvement in terms of grammar and pronunciation. 2. remark on…谈论(评论)……; remark that…谈 到(谈起, 说)……; remark … (注意): He remarked on his past. He remarked that he’d abandon the bad habit. We remark the difference between them.


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