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2019届高三英语二轮复习试题专题二第八讲定语从句和名词性从句练习Word版含解析

人生没有彩排,每一天都是现场直播。偶尔会想,如果人生真如一场电子游戏,玩坏了可以选择重来, 生活会变成什么样子?正因为时光流逝一去不复返,每一天都不可追回,所以更要珍惜每一寸光阴,孝 敬父母疼爱孩子体贴爱人善待朋友! 第八讲 定语从句和名词性从句 定语从句 句子结构细辨别 Ⅰ 示之以范 ____________________________________________________原则这样运用 1.(2017· 全国卷Ⅲ)But Sarah,____________ has taken part in shows along with top models, wants to prove that she has brains as well as beauty. who 解析:所填词引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句中作主语,指人,故用 who。 2.(2017· 浙江卷 6 月)Pahlsson and her husband now think the ring probably got swept into a pile of kitchen rubbish and was spread over the garden, ____________ it remained until the carrot’s leafy top accidentally sprouted(生长) through it. where 解析:所填词引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句中作状语,先行词是表示地点的 the garden,故填 where。 3. (2017· 天津卷)My eldest son, ____________ work takes him all over the world, is in New York at the moment. whose 解析:所填词引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句中作 work 的定语,故用 whose。 4.(2017· 全国卷Ⅲ)Around me in the picture are the things they were very important in my life at that time: car magazines and musical instruments.____________________ they→that/which 解析:分析句子结构可知,things 后是定语从句,引导词在从句中作主 语,指物,应用 that 或 which。 Ⅱ通关点击 ____________________________________________________原则这样解读 1.高考对定语从句的考查集中在对关系代词、关系副词的选用上,故分清句子结构,搞清 定语从句部分缺少何种成分至关重要。 (1) 当定语从句部分缺少主语、宾语、定语时,要想到分别采用 who( 指人 )/that( 指人或 物)/which(指物)/whom(指人)/whose(指人或物)。 The person who called yesterday wants to buy the house. 昨天打电话的人想买这套房子。 The school shop,whose customers are mainly students,is closed for the holidays. 这家校内商店的主要顾客是学生,放假时商店关门。 She showed the visitors around the museum that/which had been constructed three years before. 第 1 页 共 12 页 好好去爱,去生活。青春如此短暂,不要叹老。偶尔可以停下来休息,但是别蹲下来张望。走了一条路的 时候,记得别回头看。时不时问问自己,自己在干嘛?记住,每天的太阳都是新的,不要辜负了美好的晨 光。 人生没有彩排,每一天都是现场直播。偶尔会想,如果人生真如一场电子游戏,玩坏了可以选择重来, 生活会变成什么样子?正因为时光流逝一去不复返,每一天都不可追回,所以更要珍惜每一寸光阴,孝 敬父母疼爱孩子体贴爱人善待朋友! 她带着这些游客参观了那座三年前建造的博物馆。 (2)当定语从句部分缺少时间状语、地点状语、原因状语时,要想到分别采用 when,where, why。 I still remember the day when/on which I first came to this school. 我仍旧记得第一次来这个学校的那一天。 A bank is the place where they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. 银行是在天晴之时借伞给你,到了下雨时就催你还回去的地方。 2.注意以下几点: (1)定语从句中用 that 不用 which 的情况: ①当先行词是 all,any,anything,everthing,nothing 等不定代词或被它们修饰时; ②当先行词被形容词的最高级或序数词修饰时; ③当先行词被 the only,the very,the same,the last 等修饰时; ④当先行词既有人又有物时。 I refuse to accept the blame for something that was someone else’s fault. 我拒绝接受因别人的错误而对我进行的指责。 They will never forget the persons and things that they’ve seen or heard of during their long journey. 他们将永远不会忘记在他们的长途旅行中见到或听说过的人和事。 (2)判定定语从句部分

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