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Module 3
Adventure in Literature and the Cinema

Can you name some types of movies?
Movie types martial arts (Kongfu) documentary history fantasy thriller romance …

adventure
biography

crime
fantasy

history
thriller


(P21)Match the types of book with their meaning.
adventure biography crime fantasy history thriller

1.the story of somebody’s life

biography

2.a story which has no connection with reality fantasy 3.a story in which there is lots of action adventure 4.an extremely exciting story, which is often thriller frightening.

5. A story in which a detective tries to solve problem, such as identifying a murderer.
6. A true account of the past history

crime

Watch the covers of the books and guess what type of books they are. adventure

biography

detective story

crime

fantasy

history

thriller

Activity14(P84) Read the passage and say what type of book it describes.

Activity4(P21) Read the passage and say what type of book it describes. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, is perhaps the most famous American novel ever written. Huckleberry Finn(or just Huck)is a teenage boy who has run away from home. His companion is Jim, a black slave who has also run away. The two of them are sailing down the Mississippi River on a raft when they see something in the water ahead of them……

adventure

Reading and Vocabulary

Pre-reading:

Look at the picture . Think about what Huck and Jim will do.

Fast Reading: Read the text and number the events in the order they happen. a.Huck sees three men in a cabin. 4 b. Huck and Jim climb onto the steamboat. 2 c. The short man suggests leaving the man on 6
the floor d. Huck and Jim see the steamboat. 1 e. Huck and Jim take away the men’s boat. 8 f. The tall man is pointing a gun at the man 5 on the floor. g. Jim runs back to the raft. 3 h. Huck has a plan.

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Part Reading
Read the first paragraph and answer the Questions 1.What was the weather like that night?
The rain poured down.

2. What did they see as they were sailing down the river?
steamboat

3. What did they do then?
They sailed straight towards the steamboat.

Read paragraphs 2-5 and answer the following questions.
1. What did Huck want to do?
He wanted to paddle over and climbed on to the steamboat.

2.What did they hear after they got on the steamboat?
“ Oh please boys, don’t kill me! I won’t tell anybody”

Questions for Paragraphs 6-8
1.What did the men on the steamboat do with another man?
The tall man…
The short man…

2. How did they decide to kill him?
They left him in the steamboat which will sink in a couple of hours.

Read paragraphs 9-11 and answer the following questions
1.What did Huck decide to do after he heard they would leave the man on the steamboat?
He crawled along the deck, found him.

2. What was the idea Huck told to him?
to find their boat and take it away He didn’t want all three men to die

3.Why did Huck feel bad about what he had done?

Careful Reading:
Read the passage carefully and then fill in the table.

at first their Jim didn’t want to board a sinking ship feelings ____________________ Huck suggested that ____________________, they might find sth useful agreed so Jim _______ to go. there was _______ in one of the cabins. what a light we heard someone _____ a man’s angry voice they shout you are lying saw or answered____________ heard
climbed on to wepaddled over and ____________ the _______ what as quiet as mice they did steamboat, _____________.

then their feelings Jim panicked and ran to the raft. ________ frightened Huck was __________ but curious ______

what did they it was dark , but I could see a man see or hear _______ on the floor,tied up with rope. ______ lying one was short ,with _______, the other a beard was tall with _______ in his hand. a gun their conversation: what did they he sounds as if he’s going to die of fright ________ do I have to find a way to save him

at last their feelings Jim looked terrified , _______ seemed __________; courageous while Huck

what did they do

Huck ______ along the deck, found crawled Jim andpersuaded Jim to help him. _________ they found the man’s boat tied to _____ the other side of the steamboat.

Reading Answers to Activity 4:
1. To rain heavily. 2.something which protects you from bad weather. 3.a sort of flat boat usually made from tree trunks 4.to lose control because you are frightened 5.the feeling of being interested in something and wasting to know more 6.to tell someone you are going to cause them harm pour down __________

a shelter __________
a raft __________ panic __________

curious __________ threaten __________

Reading Answers to Activity 5:
climb crawl fly jump paddle run sail walk

1.The stream is only two meters wide. I jump can _______ across it. 2. You’re out of breath. Why have you running been _______. flown 3. I’ve never _____ in my life. I’m afraid of aeroplanes. 4. You’ve got plenty of time to get to the walk lesson. You can _____.

Reading Answers to Activity 5:
climb crawl fly jump paddle run sail walk

climbed 5. I _______ onto the rock so that I could see better. paddled 6. The two boys ______ slowly upstream in their canoe. sail 7. It took Columbus two months to _____ across the Atlantic in 1492. 8.jimmy’s 10 months old. He can’t walk crawl yet, but he can ______.

Reading Answers to Activity 6:
1. How did Huck and Jim get to the sinking steamboat? A. They swam. B. They jumped. C. They paddled 2. How did they get on it? A. thy jumped. B. They climbed. C.They crawled.

Reading Answers to Activity 6:
3.What did Jim do when he was frightened? A. He ran. B. He swam. C. He jumped 4. How did Huck get back to the raft? A. He crawled. B. He walked. C. He ran.

Analyze the character
Huck & Jim

Huck: brave, adventurous, courageous, kind, wise, decisive… Jim: timid, kind, loyal…

If you were Huck and Jim, what would happen next? 1) Tell the story by yourself. 2) Act out the story with your partner.

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4,5.6.

Do you know? Who is writer of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn? Mark Twain.

I’m Mark Twain. How much do you know about me?

Mark Twain (1835—1910)

Mark Twain’s House

His famous works

Life on the Mississippi 《密西西比河上的生活》

Running for Governor 《竞选州长》

The Million Pound Bank Note 《百万英镑》

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 《汤姆· 索亚历险记》

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 《哈克贝利· 弗恩历险记》

(P29)Cultural Corner:

The life of Mark Twain

Why could Mark Twain write such a great novel?

1. Mark Twain, who wrote………., was no exception. be no exception ……也不例外。 很多人喜欢艺术,我 也 不例外。

2. to start with, 评注性状语
坦率(诚实)地说, to be frank / to tell the truth/ to be honest 更糟糕的是 To make matters worse, 从…..看, Judging from… 更不用 not to mention=let alone… 总的来说, to sum up Generally speaking

3. warn sb. that … warn sb. of /about sth. warn sb not to do= warn sb against doing…
意思是“预先提醒某人注意可能发生的某事”/ “提醒某 人不要做…”。 我想提醒同学们28号月考。 I want to warn the students of the coming monthly- exam on 28 December. I warned that the students would take the monthly-exam on 28 December. 我想提醒大家不要天天玩了。 I warned all of you not to play everyday.

4. He left school early, and as an adolescent, determined to make his fortune in South America, set off from his home in Hannibal, Missouri, for New Orleans. be determined to do … 坚决的,意志坚定的 determine to do … determined to He ___________________study in Beijing. determined to He left home, ___________________ get his doctor’s degree. 决心(n) determination

5. Mark Twain...as an adolescent, determined to make his fortune in South America, set off from his home in Hannibal, Missouri, for New Orleans. make one’s fortune / make a fortune try one’s fortune/luck 碰碰运气
seek one’s fortune 寻找出路 set off/out for …前往,动身…

The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune _____. (2010全国) A is made B would make C was to be made D had made

One day in 1492, Columbus _____ a voyage to look for the country known as India to them. A. set out on B. set off for C. set out for D. set foot on

When Jack arrived he learned Mary _____ for almost an hour. (没出 生时候的考题92) A. had gone B. had set off C. had left D. had been away

Thus we had to getting rid of the smoke. (2004高考) A. set out B. set up C. set off D. set about

6. He arrived in New Orleans without a penny in his pocket only to find that there were no boats for South America.
only to find…作结果状语(意料之外)

The fans hurried to the airport to see their idol only to be told that she had left secretly. 康喂养醒来,意料之外地发现被偷拍了。 Mr Kang woke up, only to find himself taken pictures.

The news reporters hurried to the airport, only____ the film stars had left. (2004福建)

A.to tell C.telling

B.to be told D.told

He was busy writing a story, only ______ once in a while to smoke a cigarette. A. to stop B. stopping C. to have stopped D. having stopped

7. Forced to change his plans, he worked for several years as a pilot on the steamboat, taking passengers up and down the Mississippi,…… force sb. to do sth. Forced to have the dictation at 1:00 at noon, I came to the classroom, wandering how I can finish it quickly. Forced to have the dictation at 1:00 at noon, I came to the classroom, determined to pass it next time.

P29 ? Often the lives of writers ____________(与---相似) the lives of resemble the characters they create. ? Mark twain… was ________________(不例外). no exception To start with ? ______________(首先), the author’s name, Mark Twain, is itself an invention. led an adventurous life ? Like Huck, Mark Twain _______________________(过冒险的 生活). ? … and as an adolescent, ____________________________(决 determined to make his fortune set off 心发财) in South America, ________(出发) from his home in for Hannibal, Missouri, _______(去,向) New Orleans.

P29 ? He arrived in New Orleans without a penny ______________(身无分文) his pocket only to find ___________(却发现) that there were no boats for South America. Forced ? _______(被迫) to change his plans, he worked for several years as a pilot on a steamboat, taking passengers up and down _________________________ (来回运送乘客) the Mississippi River. vivid and often humorous descriptions ? Twain’s ____________________________________(生动而常 常有趣的描述) of life on the river quickly became popular, established a reputation and ______________________(确立声望) he still enjoys today …

He left China to study in France at an early age, ______ to make a difference to his country. A.determining B. determined

C. determine D. to determine

We had no food left in our backpacks, and things worse, it began to pour . A.Making B.to have made C.having made D.to make

Famous Films in 2011

Transformer 3 Science Fiction

Eternal moment The Eagle Romantic Film Historical Adventure

Mysterious The Smurfs Treasure Inn Cartoon/Animation Island Comedy Horror/Thriller

Do you know the origin and type of film of the following films? Fill in the table before listening.(P27)
Master and Commander 怒海争锋 The Last Samurai 最后的武士 Monsoon Wedding 季风婚宴 The Emperor and the Assassin 荆轲刺秦王

Listen to the conversations again and check the answers.
1. sailors, hard 2. book, story 3. realistic, modern 4. Lord, Rings, time 5. Worlds. Note: Write the names of the films/books in big letters.

Module 3
Adventure in Literature and the Cinema

Language Practice

biography n. 传记 autobiography 自传 fantasy n. 幻想 fantasy story fantastic 极好的;幻想的, detective n. 侦探 adj. 探测的 detect vt.探测,侦查 →detection detector n.探测器; murderer 凶手 murder vt./ n谋杀 assassin [??s?s ?n] 刺客 solve vt a solution to sth identify---identification(识别、定义) ---identity (身份)

1. account 叙述;账号
take sth. into account/ consideration

把…考虑在内
bank account

give a vivid account of
accountant 会计

? 她惊讶得无法描述发生了什么。 ? she was too shocked to give an account of what had happened.

2. companion 同伴,伙伴 (C) a lifelong companion a loyal companion company 伙伴 (U) good company

志趣相投的伙伴
accompany vt. 陪同 =keep sb. company =be in company with

3. pour v.

the pouring rain The rain is pouring down./ It is pouring. It never rains but pours. 不鸣则矣,一鸣惊人
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On Sep. 18, Chengdu

On Sep. 18, crowds of local people in Chengdu poured into the streets to protest against the Japanese government’s behavior.

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Smoke poured out of the building.
When the economy began to pick up, overseas orders restarted pouring in.
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4. shelter

(U) 住处;遮蔽
We can see people running for shelter when it pours. a shelter for the homeless (C) 避难所,收容所

The house can shelter us from the pouring rain. v. 庇护
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Huggons gave up and A. climbed C. looked

around back. (2012四川) B. circled D. jumped

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He said that we would be ___23___ the city for a few minutes waiting to land. (2010四川) A. watching B. visiting C. circling D. crossing
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5. as if =as though 好像 仿佛 1) It looks as if it is going to rain. 2) When a pencil is put into a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken. as if 后可接虚拟语气. He stands there as if he were a millionaire. were broken 1. The stick looks as if it ____________ in water. had known 2. They talked as if they ___________ each other for long. would come 3. He always acts as if he __________ __ to your aid when you are in trouble, but he never does.

他看起来似乎32岁。 He looks as if he were 32.

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5. as if =as though 好像 仿佛 1) It looks as if it is going to rain. 2) When a pencil is put into a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken. as if 后可接虚拟语气. He stands there as if he were a millionaire. were broken 1. The stick looks as if it ____________ in water. had known 2. They talked as if they ___________ each other for long. would come 3. He always acts as if he __________ __ to your aid when you are in trouble, but he never does.

Don’t handle the vase as if it ____ made of steel. (2012北京) A. is B. were C. has been D. had been

Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it ______ yesterday. (2006高考) A. was happening B. happens C. has happened D. happened

6. Huck suggested that there might be something useful. S true 显示;间接表明;暗示 to make sb. think that sth. is

The popularity of Gangnam Style suggests that people now are under great pressure and they pursue simple happiness.

她没有直说, 但她暗示说她想我借点钱给她. She didn’t say directly but she suggested she wanted me to 76 lend her some money.

Mary’s pale face suggested that she ____ ill, and her parents suggested that she _____a medical examination. A. be; should have B. was; have C. should be; had D. was; was
How do you like the that children be sent abroad to study? A. idea B. view C. opinion D. suggestion

7. as quiet as mice
paddled to it How?
climbed on to it

as quiet as mice

bee as busy as a _____ ice as cold as _____ rock as firm as a _____ feather as light as a ________

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astonished 8. When they saw a light in one cabin, they felt _________.
astonished The light in one cabin ___________ them.

astonished What __________ them was that there was a light…
astonishing It was ___________ that there was a light in one cabin. To their astonishment 9. _____________________, there was a light in one cabin.

to one’s 表示“令人感到……”

to my joy/delight ________

使我高兴的是

to one’s regret/disappointment ____________令人遗憾/失望的是

to one’s horror/sadness ___________ 令人恐惧/悲伤的是

10. panic v. (使)惊慌 panicked, panicked panicking n. in panic 恐慌中 链接:picnic v. picnicked, picnicked; picnicking 11. curious curiosity[,kju?ri’?siti] 好奇,好奇心 be curious about sth.

tied lying When he man back, on the floor, legs up with 12. He saw acame ______he found the_____he laid still laid there. standing rope and two men _________ over him. lie v. 撒谎;躺;位于 n. 谎言 liar 骗子 lie: 说谎 lied, lied, lying lie: 躺,位于 lay, lain, lying lay:放置,下蛋 laid, laid, laying lying There was a book _______ on the ground. lays The hen ______ an egg every day. lay The boy _____ on the sofa just now. lied He was fired because he _______ to his boss. laid He ______ a hand on my arm.

a man with a beard

a man with a moustache [m?s?t :?] ɑ

13. Hearing they were going to leave him there, the frightenedman started crying. He sounded ______ as if _______ die of he was going to ________ fright. fright n. 恐惧,害怕 frighten frightened frightening

frightened The girl had a ___________face when she saw the frightening ___________face.

terrified 非常害怕的 terrify vt. terrifying adj. terrible adj. terror n. 恐惧 terrorist n. 恐怖分子 adj. terrorism n. 恐怖主义

13. die of…死于内因(a disease /hunger / old age /sadness) die from…死于外因(an accident /smoking /a wound) die away ___________ 逐渐消失 die off ___________ 相继死去 die out ___________ (风俗,习惯等)逐渐消失,灭绝

13. die of…死于内因(a disease /hunger / old age /sadness) die from…死于外因(an accident /smoking /a wound) die away ___________ 逐渐消失 die off ___________ 相继死去 die out ___________ (风俗,习惯等)逐渐消失,灭绝

? 1)The fire had _____________ and the room died down was getting cold. died away ? 2)The colors of the clothes _____________. died from ? 3)The fighter _____________ a wound. died of ? 4)Many people ____________ hunger in Africa. dying off ? 5)The members of the family are _________. ? 6)He is the last of the family; after his death the die out name will __________. C ? Although the wind has ____, the rain remains steady, so you still need a raincoat.(06湖北) A. died off B. died out 87 C. died down D. died over

14. persuade 说服某人做… persuade sb. to do sth. =persuade sb. into doing 说服某人不要做… persuade sb. out of doing persuade sb. that

1) 购物的时候,很多人不能抑制购买本不需要的东西。 When shopping, many people can’t help being persuaded to buy what they don’t need. 他成功说服我戒烟。 2) She persuaded me out of smoking. 3) She won’t trust me until I persuade her that I have changed.

比较: advise sb to do 建议(不知是否成功) persuade sb to do 说服 manage to do 成功做… try to do 努力做… I ____ him not to drink, but he didn’t think it necessary. A. persuaded B. advised C. hoped D. suggested I _____ him to go to school again, but he wouldn’t. A. managed to persuaded B. tried to persuade C. suggested D. persuaded He ______ to finish the task before 9, but he failed. A. tried B. managed C. persuaded

Module 3

Grammar 非谓语动词(non-finite verbs)

非谓语动词 She is working hard. She was killed in the accident. She is to fail if she continues.

非谓语动词的句法功能:

1. We let the raft sail down the river.
2. I don’t want to board a sinking ship.

(宾补) (宾语)

3.It is hard to make him change his mind.

(主语)

4.The first thing would be to decide where to go. (表语) 5.To be honest, I don’t like his idea. (插入语) 6.I have to find a way to save him. (定语) 7. Huck felt bad to have taken away the men’s boat. (状语) 8. He arrived there without a penny in his pocket only to find that there were no boat for--(状语)

1. We paddled over and climbed on to the steamboat, keeping as quiet as mice. (状语/现在分词) 2. I could see a man lying on the floor, tied up with rope. (宾补/现在分词) 3. There were two men standing over him. (定语/现在分词) 4. I told the man I had left my family on a sinking boat. 5. The boat was full of stolen things from the steamboat. (定语/过去分词) 6. Jim looked terrified. (表语/过去分词) 7.We found the men’s boat tied to the other side of the steamboat. (宾补/过去分词) 8. He left school early, and as an adolescent, determined to make his fortune, set off for New Orleans.(状语/过去分词) 9. Forced to change his plans, he worked for several years on a steamboat.(状语/过去分词)

1. 非谓语动词做宾语 2. 非谓语 动词做宾补 3. 非谓语动词做定语 4. 非谓语动词做状语

一、做宾语的非谓语动词: 1)常见的带动名词作宾语的词:

allow, avoid, appreciate, admit, consider, complete, delay, deny, enjoy, excuse, escape, finish, forbid, forgive, imagine, miss, mind, mention, permit, practise, risk , suggest, understand

look forward to be/get used to pay attention to lead to be addicted to

on the way to (doing ) sth an approach to (doing) sth the key to (doing) sth a solution to (doing) sth

快要做 做---的方法 解决---的关键 ---的解决办法

只能跟不定式: pretend, refuse, manage, promise, afford, arrange, demand, decide, determine, would like/love/prefer … 注意hope, suggest, demand 后不能跟sb to do They hope David to make a speech about his experiences in China.

×

1) Bill suggested ____ a meeting on what to do for the activity during the vacation.

A.having held

B. to hold C. holding D. hold

2) I had great difficulty ____ the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant.

A.find B. found

C. to find

D. finding

arrived 3) The letter we had been looking forward to _______ (到 了) at last. 4) The day you look forward ______________ soon. A. is coming B. to is coming C. to come D. comes

3) 既可以带动名词又可接不定式,且意思不同的动词

forget, remember, regret; mean, try, go on, stop, can’t help
to bring 1)Sorry! I forgot _______ (bring) my exercise book. seeing I forgot _______(see) the film but your introduction reminded me of it. to tell 2)I regret _____(tell) you that you are going to have a quiz tomorrow. --You were brave enough to raise objections at the doing meeting. --well, now I regret ______(do) that.

3)He didn’t mean _______(hurt) you. to hurt walking Does it mean _______(walk) back all the way. making 4)Stop ______(make) such noise. I can’t hear the teacher. to have Let’s stop ______(have ) a look. to work 5)They can’t help ________ (work) it out because they will be on a trip right now.

laughing We couldn’t help ________ (laugh) when the clown appeared on the stage.

4) 注意动名词的语态和其逻辑主语
1) He went to the party without _____________ being invited (invite). Jane’s being left 2) Do you mind _________________ ( Jane, leave) alone at home? his not being accepted 3) He is angry at _____________________(he not accept) as a member of the group. 5) need, want, require, be worth + doing 主动形式表被动含义

二. 做宾补的非谓语动词:
以下感官动词和使役动词接不定式作时常不带to

一感:feel
二听:listen to; hear 三让:have; let; make 五看:look at; notice; watch, see

observe

-ed/ -ing/ (to) do 做宾补的区别 1、感官性动词后 sing ? I heard him _______ an English song just now. singing ? I heard him _______ an English song when I passed by the room just now. ? I heard an English song sung by a little girl just now. _____ seated I found them ________ at the table. I found them ________ themselves at the table. seating

He looked around and caught a man ____ his hand into the passenger's pocket. A.put B.to be putting C.to put D.putting

2.主动语态中用不带to的不定式作补语,但在被动语态 中要加上to: to The boy was made wash the truck as a punishment. A The missing boy was last seen ____ by the river.

A. playing C. to play

B. to be playing D. play

3、have/ get 后接三种形式的区别 ① have/ get sth. done 让…做;遭受损失 repaired 1) I will have/ get my bike ________.(repair) ② have … doing 让…一直做 get…doing 让…开始做 waiting 2) I am sorry to have you ________.(wait) moving 3) The teacher got us _______(move) after a break. ③ have sb do = get sb to do go 4) Mother had me _____(go) to the shop and buy some salt.

【经典例析】(10辽宁) Alexander tried to get his work ____ in the medical circles. A. to recognize B. recognizing C. recognize D. recognized If you have illegal immigrants ____ in, many local workers will lose their jobs. A. came B. coming C. to come D. having come

变形考法:

1. The plan which we would like to see ___ soon needs improving. A. carried out B. to carry out C. carry out D. to be carried out 2.Which do you enjoy ________the weekend, watching TV or play badminton? A. spend B. to spend C. spending D. spent 3. Whom would you rather _______ out for a walk, Adam or me? A. have gone B. to have gone C. have go D. to have go 4. The museum they paid a visit ________on the Tianfu Square. A. lies B. to lies C. to lie D. lay

4 allow, advise, forbid, permit 等动词的特 殊性 doing ~ +__________ sth. to do ~ + sb. _________ sth.
We don’t allow wearing long hair at school. _______

It’s not allowed for boys to wear (wear) long hairs _______ at school.
Boys’ wearing (wear) long hairs is not ________ allowed. to wear Boys are not allowed _______ (wear) long hairs.

? 系动词 1.最常用连系动词:be(am; is/was; are/were) 2.表状态的系动词:keep; stay; remain;(依然是; 保持) She remains loyal to her father despite his cruelty towards her. I hope it will stay fine for some more days. Much remains to be done. 3.表像系动词:seem; appear。如果要表达时态 的变化,需要后接不定时来完成。 He seemed to have caught cold. When Father came in, Tom seemed to be eating something.

4. “感官动词”:look; sound; taste; smell; feel。 The food tasted good. She looked sad after hearing the news. 5. 表变化的系动词:get; turn; go; fall; become; grow; come; run。 It is becoming colder and colder. The food has gone bad. Two years later, he became a teacher. 但Two years later, he turned teacher. 另外,go表变化时一般指事情向消极、不好的方 面转化。

6. 终止系动词:prove; turn out。表达“证实、 证明、结果为。。。”之意。 He proved (to be) right. The experiment turned out successful.

Cleaning women in big cities usually get _______ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay _____ good, the food sold out. A. Tasted B. Tasting C. To taste D. Being tasted What you have said_______. A.is sounded interesting B.sounds interesting C.sound interested D.listens interested

The new shirt______ right. A.doesn’t feel B.isn’t felt C.isn’t feeling D.doesn’t touch The children all looked _______ at the broken model plane and felt quite _______. A. sad, sad B. sadly, sadly C. sad, sadly D. sadly, sad

4 allow, advise, forbid, permit 等动词的特殊性 doing ~ +__________ sth. to do ~ + sb. _________ sth.
We don’t allow _______ long hair at school. wearing
It’s not allowed for boys _______ (wear) long hairs at school. to wear wearing Boys’ ________ (wear) long hairs is not allowed. Boys are not allowed _______ (wear) long hairs. to wear

三. 做定语的非谓语动词:

1. V+ed, V+ing, to do作定语表示不同的时间关系。 built The bridge ________ across the river last year brought us a lot of convenience. being built The bridge __________across the river now will have been completed by the end of this year. to be built We are all looking forward to the bridge ________ across the river next year. Now we were on our feet with another 500 miles to go.

2.不定式作定语时,若动词不及物,后面要有相 应的介词。 to talk with He is a difficult person__________. to live in This is not a safe place _________.

四. 做状语的非谓语动词:
1. He arrived in New Orleans without a penny in his pocket only to find that there were no boats for South America. 2. Forced to change his plans, he worked for several years as a pilot on the steamboat, taking passengers up and down the Mississippi,…… 3. He left school early, and as an adolescent, determined to make his fortune, set off for New Orleans. only to sink Titanic left London for New York, __________ (sink) after hitting an iceberg, killing _________(kill) over 1,500 people.

only to do: V-ing:

作结果状语,表出乎意料 作结果状语,表顺理成章

a.他搬起石头却砸了自己的脚 only to drop He picked up a stone, __________ it on his own foot. b. 他的父母死了,他成了孤儿. His parents died,_________________. leaving him an orphan

c.他去了台湾,我们再也没有收到他的来信。 never to be heard from again . He went to Taiwan, _______________________.

1)The news shocked the public, _____ to great concern about students’ safety at school. A. having led B. led C. leading D. to lead 2)Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, ____ supplies to Yushu, Qinghai Province after the earthquake. A. sending B. to send C. having sent D. to have sent 3)He was busy writing a story, only ____ once in a while to smoke a cigarette. A. to stop B. stopping C. to have stopped D. having stopped 4)____ from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees A. Seen B. Seeing C. Having seen D. To see

五、sb/sth be said/ believed/ known/ reported 等+ 不定式
to be studying 1 He is said ___________ in Chengdu now. to have studied 2 He is said ____________in Chengdu last year. to study 3 He is said ____________in Chengdu next year. study

A new school is reported to _________in Chengdu now. A. be building B. have been built C. be built D. have being building


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