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北师大模块高一英语复习

北师大模块高一英语复习 Module 1 Unit 1 Lifestyles 重点归纳 教学目的:复习基础知识为主,即词汇、句式用法、基础语法和交际用语等。 重 点:能力迁移。引导学生两通:语义通、语法通。运用学得的知识,结 合上下文解决问题,做题快又准。 本单元需要 15 课时。 ***知识清理———词汇短语
Warm-up

a business manager 业务经理 deal with 处理 对付 研究 讨论 涉及 have time for hobbies 有培养业余兴趣的时间 a police officer 警官 once a week 每周一次 lesson 1 Passage A a couch potato 终日懒散在家看电视的人 sit on the sofa / in the chair 坐在沙发上/椅子上 turn on / off (=switch on / off) 打开 / 关闭 switch over to another channel . 转到另一个频道 do / take some exercise 做些锻炼 锻炼一下身体 go downstairs / upstairs 上楼 /下楼 the portable TV 随身携带手提电视 a remote control / controller 遥控器 ?remote-control system 遥控系统 the stone wall 石墙 live this lifestyle 过这种生活 ?live / lead a … life 过着…的生活 get the world at one’s feet 通晓天下事 Passage B a workaholic 工作狂 ?an alcoholic 酒鬼 at one’s desk 坐在桌边 伏案工作 (=at desk) ?at table 在进餐/ 吃饭? at the table 在饭桌边 work one’s way 费力/认真/辛勤地工作 ?work one's way through college 靠打工读完大 学 the alarm clock 闹钟 go off (闹钟) 响 get changed 换衣服 ?get dressed 穿(好)衣服 take up 占据(时间/空间)拿起 着手/开始/从事(查黄 页) be filled with = be full of 充满 ? fill A with B = fill B into A urgent matters 急事 急待处理的事情 do one’s paperwork 写写东西 answer an e-mail 回复电子邮件 have time for fun 有时间娱乐 complain(to sb) bout / of sth 就…向…抱怨/发牢骚 make money 赚钱? lose money 亏本 赔钱 get / be bored with 对…感到厌倦 ? be tired / sick of Ex.1 game shows 游戏秀 游戏表演

TV (play) series (电视连续剧) 电视系列片 talk shows 脱口秀 谈话节目 too much 太多的 过高 cf: much too Ex.6 at / on weekends 在周末 ? on weekdays 在平时 lesson 2 take place 发生 suffer from 遭受 因…而感到身体难受 (因...而蒙受 损害) social situations 社交场合 cause sb sth / sth to sb ?cause sb to do sth ?cause sb to do sth ⅹ:cause sb + adj. reduce / increase stress 减轻/增加压力 lose weight 减肥? gain / put on weight 增加体重 长胖 Ex. 4 have sth / nothing to do with 与…有关系/无关 ? be related to 与...有关?be concern with 牵涉到 参与 ? be involved with / in sth 被卷入到… 参与到… can’t stand sth./doing sth. 无法忍受(做)某事 very / quite / very much 的区别 take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事 one’s turn to do sth lesson 3 Inner Mongolia (Autonomous Region)内蒙古 make a decision 作出决定 be prepared for sth 为…准备好 强调准备好的状态。 ? be prepared / ready to do sth ?prepare sth. 准备某事 强调准备的过程或动作 宾语必须是这一动作的直接承受者 ?prepare for 为…作准备 for 后面的宾语是准备的 目的, 即所要应付的情况。 ?prepare sb. for sth 为某事使某人的准备 ?prepare sb to do sth 使某人准备好做某事 ?be/get ready 准备好 着重指准备的结果 ?be/get ready to do 还有“乐于干…”之义 to tell the truth (=to be honest) 坦白说 实话实说 win one’s support ?win support from 获得…支持 meet / take the challenge 迎接/ 接受挑战 be proud of (doing) sth ? be proud to do sth ?take pride in 以…而自豪/

骄傲 Ex. 8 graduate from 从...毕业 welcome dinner 欢迎宴会 dinner party 宴会 get to know 增进(彼此间的)了解 cf: know lesson 4 in the center of 在…中心 (= in the middle of) be crowded with 挤满/拥塞… spend… in doing sth./on sth. 花时间做某事 nearby nearly near 的词意辨析 be far away from 离...遥远 a big / heavy breakfast 丰盛的早餐 the weather forecast / report 天气预报 in / on / to the north (…) of … at work (on) 在工作 (= at play) the same …that 和…一样(同一个) cf: the same…as 和…一样(不同一个) early in the morning 清晨 late at night 深夜 make sure (that) –clause 弄明白 查清楚 一定要 free of (免于) sickness 没有疾病 ?free of racism 没有种族歧视 ? free of charge 免费 distance learning/ education 远程学习/教育 the Great Wall 长城 a movie fan 影迷 take a break / rest 休息一会儿 clothes shop 服装店 ?石墙 Ex. 9 one’s routine(daily) life 日常的生活 ?daily routine 日常工作 每天的例行公事(Bulletin Board) communication workshop at the moment 此刻 目前 现在 on the same course 上同一门课程 over the years 这几年来 write back 回信 all the best 一切顺利 万事如意 culture corner a love for sth 对…的喜爱 as a result 结果是 ?result from 因…发生/ 产生 result in 造成 导致 solve the problem 解决问题 come up with 想出 找到 join sb in sth / doing sth. 加入某人做某事 serve tea 上茶 ? make tea 泡/沏茶 wash down the food (用水)咽下食物 afternoon tea 下午茶 (teatime 下午茶时间) in order to do sth. 为了做? play/have an important role/part in 在…方面起很大 作用 as well as 也 还 ? as well do one’s business(with sb)做生意 Bulletin Board be bored to tears 厌烦透了 ask for one’s advice 征求…的意见

?give sb some advice (on) 向…提些劝告/建议 cheer up 兴奋起来 高兴起来 振作起来 make a difference to 对…有所改善 ?make much / a little difference ?make no difference language power P 55 Ex. 5 a light sleeper 睡得不熟的人 睡眠浅的人 最小的声音都能把他们吵 醒。 ?a heavy sleeper 睡的很熟而不易唤醒的人 (be stuck in) a traffic jam(因)交通堵塞(而受阻) to the point 切题 切中要害 ? off the point 离题 偏 离主题 in a hurry 匆匆忙忙地 赶时间 to be honest 坦白说 实话实说 fire fighter (=fireman) 消防队员 P 57 Ex. 4 outside of one’s studies 在学习之余 P 58 Ex. 2 stay up 熬夜 ?stay up late 熬到很晚 Ex. 3 tour guide 导游 on a visit to 访问某人 参观某地 在...家里作客 北师大模块高一英语复习 Unit 2 词汇短语 warm-up be famous for / as 因?而闻名/作为...而闻名 main character 主角 主要人物 Lesson 1 manned spaceship 载人航天飞机 ?unmanned spaceship/ spacecraft 无人操纵(驾驶) 飞船 choose … from…从…当中选出 space flight 太空飞行 lift off 升空 发射 ? take off 起飞 separate A from B 把 A 与 B 分离 ? separate (=divide) A into B 把 A 分离成 B soar into the sky 飞上高空 the zero gravity 失重 无重量 feel (high) gravity 感到巨大的引力 circle the earth twice 绕地球转两圈 do its seventh circle 飞第七圈 all over China 遍及全中国 millions of people 数百万的人 land safely 安全着陆 wave to the crowds 向人群招手 in space 在太空 在宇宙空间 call (for) an ambulance 打电话叫救护车 Ex. 6 complete a task 完成任务 collect information on / about 搜集有关…的情报 let out 放掉, 泄露 let out a parachute 打开降落伞 ?let out a secret / a cry 泄密/发出哭声/大喊一声 express wishes and dreams 表达愿望(Ex. 7) explore space 探索太空/宇宙 探险太空 ?space exploration 外层空间探索

Ex.10 call (for) the ambulance 打电话叫救护车 lesson 2 fight for…为…而战?fight against 与?做斗争 lead a / the … revolution 领导…的革命 a / the light bulb 灯泡 moving picture camera 电影摄 影机 agree with sb / sth 同意某人(的)观点 适合 不一致 in my opinion 在我看来(=personally) American society / history (无定冠词 the) Ex. 3-5 experience(suffer from) racism 遭受种族歧视 give / offer one’s seat to sb 给…让座位 enjoy equal rights 享受平等的权利 peaceful protest 以和平方式抗议 ? non-violent protest 非暴力抗议 Be put in prison 入狱坐牢 ?be in prison 坐牢 ? come out of prison 出狱 (Ex.7) start / begin with 始于 以...为起点 以…开始 receive the Nobel Peace Prize 获得若贝尔奖(Ex.7) receive a medical degree 获得医学学位(Ex.7) open (set up) a hospital 开办医院 continue to do sth / doing sth / with sth 继续做... lesson 3 a tennis champion 网球冠军 ?a champion tennis player 网球冠军选手 look back (on) 回头看 回顾(…) be strict with sb (in sth) 在…方面对...要求严格 compete against each other for sth in 在…为…而相互 竞争 complete / finish one’s high school 高中毕业 develop one’s career 发展/规划职业生涯 at / in college 在大学求学期间 念大学时 express a keen interest in 对…表达浓厚的兴趣 ?have / show little / much interest in come to an end 结束?bring an end to sth 终结 the road / route / passport / way to success 成功之路 make fantastic / much progress 取得巨大的进步 women’s singles / doubles champion 女单(双)冠军 do the dishes 洗盘子 ? make the dish 做/烧菜 Ex.6 be keen (=eager) to do sth. 渴望做某事 Ex. 10 score a goal 进一球 得一分(grades 的误用)

lesson 4 make a film 拍电影?film making 电影制作 on one’s own 独自/立地?(sth) of one’s own 某人自 己的… raise / collect money 筹集/措资金 筹款 募款 募捐 promote medical research 推动/促进医学研究 make / give / deliver a speech 发表演讲 做演讲 draw public attention to 把公众的注意力吸引到… ?attract one’s attention 吸引…注意力 come to understand 渐渐明白 pull through 度过难关 脱离危险 恢复健康 give up (doing) sth 放弃 feel sorry for 为…感到遗憾/难过 commit suicide 自杀 get on / along well with 与…相处得好 进展顺利 get involved in / with 被卷入到… 参与到… charity work 慈善工作 disabled people 残疾人 be confident of (=about) in / that-clause 对…有信心 far too+ adj / adv 过于 Ex. 7 come to terms with 协商同意 谈妥 接受条件 让步 Communication workshop the men’s hurdle champion 男子跨栏冠军 do well in…擅长于 在…方面做得好 win the honor for…为…赢得荣誉 come off it 不要瞎说 别胡扯了 get a point 说对 了 talk back all the time 一直 most of the time 大部分时间 listening the silver screen 银幕 identify with sb 感到能够理解某人 与...有同感 Culture corner in the course of 在…过程中 space exploration 太空探索 ?explore the universe 探索宇宙 space shuttle 航天飞机 primary and secondary school 中小学 feel the loss 感到损失 have a hunger to do sth 渴望做某事 discover the truth 发现真相 Bulletin Board

****知识清理———重点句型
1.I couldn’t live this lifestyle without a good wife. 2.It takes me less than fifteen minutes to wash, get changed, have breakfast, leave the home and get on a bus. 3.Usually, it’s so crowded that I can’t find anywhere to sit. 4.I spend all morning checking numbes. 5.In fact, the London Stock Exchange is believed to have started from these coffed house.

******考纲语法 -----------动词时态
1、一般现在时的用法:1)表示现在的习惯,经常发生的动作或存在的状态。2)表示主语的特征、性格 和能力。3)表示客观事实或真理。4)表示按照计划安排好的将来行为。 (只限于是 go,come, leave, start, stop, be 等开始或移动意义的词。 ) 2、一般过去时的用法:1)表示过去的动作或状态。2)叙述过去连续发生的事情。3)表示过去一段时间 内经常发生的动作。 3、一般将来时的用法:1)表示将来的动作或状态。2)表示将来的经常动作。 4、现在进行时的用法:1)表示说话时正在进行的动作。2)表示现阶段正在进行的动作。 (说话时动作不 一定进行。 ) 5 、过去进行进的用法: 1 )过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行的动作。 2 )表示移动的动词: come, start, stay, leave, go 等词的过去进行时可以表示过去的将来要发生的动作。3)was going to do 可以表 示在过去某一时间之后发生的动作。 6、现在完成时的用法:1)表示刚刚完成的动作,常与 just 连用。2)表示过去发生而持续到现在的动作 或状态,甚至延续到将来。常与 since, for 连用,但 for, since 不能与终止性的动词连用。3)表示过去的动 作对现在造成的影响或结果。 7、现在完成时与一般过去时的区别:1)现在完成时与现在有联系,它表示过去的动作对现在所产生的结 果、影响。一般过去时通常表示在过去某一具体时间发生的动作,与现在没什么联系。 2)现在完成时表 示过去延续到现在的行为;一般过去时着重过去某一时刻的某一具体动作。 8、过去完成的用法:1)表示在过去某一或动作之前已经完成的动作。常与 by, before 等介词短语或一个 状语从句或上下文暗示。2)表示由过去某一时间开始,一直延续到过去另一时间的动作,常和 for(有时 可省去)或 since 构成的短语或 since 引导的从句连用。 9、过去将来时的用法:表示对于过去某一时刻而言将要发生的动作或存在的状态。 一、练习一:动词时态与语态(1) 1. When I saw Mary, she ______ on the piano. A. is playing B. plays C. was playing D. played 2. She ______ the door before she goes away. A. had locked B. is locking C. has locked. D. was locking. 3. A hunter is a man who ______ animals. A. catch B. catches C. will catch D. was catching 4. What _____ if I drink this? A. happens B. is happening C. will happen D. is happened 5. I will visit you if Father ______ me. A. let B. lets C. is letting D. will let 6. Look out! That tree _____ fall down. A. is going to B. will be C. shall D. would 7. My uncle _____ to see me. He'll be here soon. A. comes B. is coming C. had come D. came 8. They can't leave until they _____ their work. A. did B. are doing C. have done D. has done 9. "Has he seen this film?" " Yes. He ______ it several days ago. " A. saw B. has seen C. had seen D. was seeing 10. Now Mike isn't here. He ______ Mr Green's. Perhaps he ______ back in a few minutes.

Unit 1 同步测试(一)

一、选择填空。10x1 1. It’s time to watch news on TV. Please _______ the TV set. A. switch on B. switch off C. switch over D. switch away 2. –May I speak to Mr. Smith please? --I’m sorry he is not here ______. Please call him later. A. in the moment B. at the moment C. for a moment D. in a moment 3. All the lights in the bedrooms _______ after the bell rang for bedtime. A. went off B. went over C. went away D. went up 4. There was so much washing to do and it _______ her mother three hours to do all the washing. A. paid B. cost C. took D. spent 5. In our country, we all get ____ by the month. I’m always the first ___ my salary every month. A. paid; to draw B. paying; to draw C. paid; drawing D. paying; drawn 6. The old furniture ______ the whole room. I don’t know how to deal with it. A. gives up B. takes up C. makes up D. does up 7. No one likes ______ like that. Look, how sad she is! A. speaking B. speaking to C. being spoken to D. spoken to 8. –Could you turn off your radio? Your father ______at his desk. --Oh, I’m sorry, mum. A. works B. has worked C. is working D. worked 9. The flowers ______sweet. How lovely they are! A. smelt B. are smelling C. are smelt D. smell 10. –What shall I do next? --You’d better finish your physics exercise ______ I can take you to the theatre this evening. A. so that B. so as to C. in order to D. besides 二.单词拼写:15x2 1.If there’s nothing for me to do, I will get _____ (厌烦). The news is __________________(厌烦) 2. My son ___________________ (骑自行车) to school every day. 3. Can the problem be _____________(解决 ) by money? 4.Everyday he _____________(遭受) big stresses in his work. 5. My mother works on Tuesdays as a ____________________(自愿者) in the hospital. 6.There is an _______________________(正式的) agreement between the two large companies. 7. Yao ming is __________________(支持) by most of the Chinese People. 8. The price has been _____________(降低) to 20 dollars. 9.He is busy ______________(组织) an English party. 10.The street is _______________(拥挤)with excited ______________(人群). 11.The computer will soon work out the ________________(距离) between the two cities. 12.This building was _______________ (设计) by a very famous Frenchman . 13.I like ________________(挑战)! I get bored if life is too easy and comfortable . 14.Where are the ______________(文件) which I handed in yesterday ? You are _______ (_应该) to finish your homework on time. 三.词组填空:10x2 用方框中提供的词组完成句子,每个词组最多只能使用一次。必要时,请对词形作适当的变 化。

switch on, switch off, switch over, at the moment, go off, as well as work one’s way through take up, complain about, prepare for, get changed, as long as , depend on , come up with The child didn’t like the programme so he ________________________ the TV now and then.. Let’s ________________ the TV and watch the soap opera. It’s quite moving. It’s too late now. Let’s ________________ and go to bed, Tina. Repairing the TV set ______________ the whole of my last weekend. Scientists will _____________________ new methods of increasing the world’s food supply. The bomb ______________________ in a crowed street yesterday evening. Whether we can go traveling or not _________________ the weather. Fifty-six-year-old Bob Black is sitting at his desk and _________________________ his paperwork.. It takes me less than fifteen minutes to wash, ______________, have breakfast, leave home and get on a bus. 10.__________________ you work hard, you’ll make progress. 四.完型填空:10x2 Exercise is often said to be good for everyone.But a new study has shown that exercise could be _21 especially for people past middle age. The study was done with mice. It showed that although mild exercise 22 a good effect on the muscles of young mice, it 23_the muscles of mice past middle age. The three groups of mice in the experiment were _24__in age at young, middle-aged, and elderly humans.The mice were__25_on a thread-mill (踏车) 30 minutes a day for a five-week period.At the end of that time, the young mice’s leg muscles had increased almost 30 percent in weight, but those of the old mice were reduced by 25 percent.No_26_pattern showed for the middle-aged mice. David Gershon, an expert who carried out the experiment, explained that the older mice’ muscles were probably already_27_down and that exercise worsened the _28_.An earlier study by Gershon showed that middle-aged mice benefited from exercise if they started exercising young and continued it. It’s clear that because the tests were done on mice, drawing conclusions about humans is too early. But the studies do not totally _29_the theory that exercise is good under any conditions. Let’s use the tests on mice as a _30__for other studies. 21.A.beneficial B.friendly C.tiring D.unhealthy 22.A.made B.took C.had D.brought 23.A.harmed B.helped C.improved D.reduced 24.A.aimed B.connected C.indicated D.represented 25.A.directed B.driven C.hung D.placed 26.A.clean B.clear C.proper D.visible 27.A.breaking B.failing C.letting D.slowing 28.A.body B.condition C.situation D.state 29.A.appreciate B.assist C.promote D.support 30.A.bridge B.means C.proposal D.warning 五.阅读理解: (A) Does the night sky excite you? Astronomy can be a (most) wonderful pastime activity. There are

many things to learn for fun, and a chance to discover something new. In fact, some amateur astronomers have made great discoveries just with their eyes or binoculars(双筒望远镜). Beginners to astronomy should shy away from buying telescopes until they’ve watched the universe through binoculars. These simple instruments help beginners get used to seeing the view through a more powerful instrument than the naked eye. With a telescope, not only are the pictures upside down, but they are usually greatly magnified(放大): much bigger than the normal size. Thus, it’s best to test your skills first with binoculars. A good pair of binoculars opens a completely new world that can’t be seen with the naked eye. In our solar system alone, binoculars can show craters(坑,环形山) on the Moon, the rings of Saturn, states of Venus, four bright moons of Jupiter, all the planets except Pluto, small planets, and comets with tails. We can see many more stars when using binoculars. There are hundreds of stars that we can see with binoculars. These stars often change in brightness, and they are interesting to watch. And many star clusters(群) and galaxies can be seen. 1. According to the passage, the underlined "astronomy‖ is _____. A. a machine which tells you about future B. a branch of science to study plants and animals C. a kind of telescope D. a branch of science to study universe 2. The underlined phrase "shy away from"in the second paragraph means ______. A. be shy of B. think of C. avoid D. consider 3. When you watch the sky through a telescope, the pictures you see are _______. A. at the normal position B. much smaller than the real ones C. bigger than the real ones D. not as clear as what you see through binoculars 4. Through a good pair of binoculars, you can see all of the following EXCEPT _______ in our solar system. A. states of Pluto B. the rings of Saturn C. craters on the Moon D. states of Venus 5. The best title for the passage is ______. A. Astronomy is a wonderful pastime B. How to use a telescope C. Watching the sky through binoculars D. Amateur astronomers’choice (B) The skier’s part of this story is set on an autumn morning in 1989, when she was in kindergarten. Julia Mancuso would someday be on two Olympic teams or probably more. On Wednesday she will race in the Olympic downhill in the mountain village of San Sicario outside Turin. She is fit and tough(坚强的) and she has a very real chance to win a medal. But on this day, 17 years ago, she was just a little girl in bed when her mom, Andrea, woke her up and said, "You don’t have to go to school today. We’re going to go out to have breakfast and will come back later, OK?" Julia pulled herself out of bed and saw her beautiful house surrounded by police cars. "I didn’t know what was going on, "Julia recalls. "I just said, 'OK, Mom.’ "That was the day the police took her father away and put him in jail for smuggling(走私). The father’s part of this story is set in the village square of the Alpine resort of Sestriere, Italy. Ciro Mancuso, 57, with a full head of graying hair, has come to Italy to watch his daughter ski in the Olympic Games. "This is about Julia, right?‖ he asks. Yes, it is about Julia. She has seen her father go to jail twice, one for 17 months when she was a child and the other for four years while she was a teenager. Julia has lived for long stretches of her adolescence(青少年时期)with a mother whom she lovingly calls "a great mom who did a great job with us."(Ciro and Andrea Mancuso had three daughters —Julia is in the middle between April, 25, and Sarah, 16 —and divorced in 1992; Andrea will also be in Italy to watch her daughter

ski.) As a young adult, Julia has welcomed her father back. Ciro Mancuso says, "Everything that happened to Julia made her tougher; you see it in the way she competes." 1. The underlined part in the first paragraph refers to _____. A. Andrea B. Julia C. Ciro D. Sarah 2. The underlined phrase "in jail"in the fourth paragraph probably means ____. A. on leave B. on holiday C. in person D. in prison 3. Ciro Mancuso came to Italy because he wanted to _______. A. win a medal in the Olympic Games B. travel for pleasure C. watch his daughter ski D. hunt for a good job 4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Julia is older than Sarah. B. Julia is seventeen years old now. C. Andrea was thrown into prison for smuggling. D. Julia hates her father. 5. From Julia’s success we can infer that ______. A. Ciro and Andrea got married again B. Julia has seen her father go to jail twice C. a difficult childhood helped Julia make herself tougher D. Andrea will also be in Italy to watch her daughter ski Answers to the test: 一.选择填空: 1.A 2.B 3.A 4.C.5.A6.B7. C 8.C 9.D10.A. 二.单词拼写答案: 1. bored 2. boring 3. cycles 4. solved 5. suffers 6.volunteer 7. supported 8. reduced 9. organizing 10.croweded , crowd 11. distance 12. designed 13. challenge 14. documents 15.supposed 三.词组填空答案: 1. switched over 2. switch on 3. switch off 4. took up 5. try out 6.went off 7.depends on 8. working his way through 9. get changed 10. As long as

四.完形填空 21-25 DCAAD 26-30 BABDA 语法填空 31.up 32. sorting 33. filled 34. without 35. / 36. Before 37. warning 38. knocked 39. who 40. looking 五.阅读理解 (A)DCCAC (B) BDCAC

Unit2 Heroes 重点归纳 教学目的:复习基础知识为主,即词汇、句式用法、基础语法和交际用语等。 重 点:能力迁移。引导学生两通:语义通、语法通。运用学得的知识,结 合上下文解决问题,做题快又准。 本单元需要 15 课时。 ****知识清理———词汇短语
1. be famous for 2. main character 3. China’s first manned spaceship 4. collect information 5. complete a task 6. let out a parachute 7. express wishes 8. explore space peacefully 9. feel gravity 10. lift off 11. choose … from 12. separate from 13. soar into the sky 14. 21-hour space flight 15. circle the earth twice 16. the zero gravity 17. land safely 18. millions of people 19. all over China 20. wave to the crowds 21. be interested in 22. do research 23. take off 24. drive past us 25. call an ambulance 26. make up 27. fight for 28. lead the 1911 revolution 29. invent the light bulb 30. agree with you 31. fight against 32. organise protests 33. organise a march to Washington 34. receive the Nobel Peace Prize 35. receive a medical degree 36. open a hospital 37. continue to work 38. protect animals 39. judge by 40. tennis champions 41. be full of drugs and violence 42. since then 43. look back 44. be strict with sb 45. compete against each other 46. at college 47. express a keen interest in 48. come to an end 49. the road to success 50. make fantastic progress 51. women’s singles champion 52. do the dishes 53. be keen to do sth. 54. a champion tennis player 55. break my arm 56. be linked with 57. fall from the horse 58. on one’s own 59. film making 60. raise a lot of money 61. promote medical research 62. make speeches 63. draw public attention to 64. live with all kinds of problems 65. come to understand 66. pull through 67. feel sorry for oneself 68. commit suicide 69. react to 70. disabled people 71. get involve in / with 72. charity work 73. be confident that 74. burn down 75. be treated with medicine 76. take part in

77. get on / along well with 78. come to terms with 79. give up doing sth 80. agree on 81. out of control 82. burst into flames 83. a burning car 84. in a state of shock 85. present sb. with sth. 86. climb over the front seat 87. space exploration 88. in the course of 89. in space 90. an air crash 91. primary and secondary school 92. as well as 93. feel the loss 94. explore the universe 95. discover the truth 96. exchange photos 97. win the honor for our country 98. live a hard life 99. learn from 100. carry out 101. in the end 102. put up a tent 103. make a fire 104. be for sth 105. be against sth 106. in my opinion 107. allow sb. to do

108. work on a cure 109. suffer from depression 110. come to oneself 111. go through 112. get over 113. get together 114. even though 115. figure out 116. freedom of speech 117. human rights 118. violent films 119. wake up sb. 120. begin with 121. decide to do 122. far too busy 123. expect sb. to do sth 124. have a hunger to do sth 125. have an influence on sb / sth. 126. relate A to / with B 127. be related with / to 128. no longer/ not any longer 129. share sth with sb. 130. manage to do 131. warn sb. not to do sth 132. be frightened 133. run away from 134. grow up 135. experience racism 136. enjoy equal rights 137. the men’s hurdle champion 138. do well in

****知识清理———重点句型
1. He has always been strict with daughters, training them hard to complete each other. 2. Brandi, the sister ’s mother, taught her daughters at home so that they completed their high school while developing their tennis careers. 3. Give me a challenge and I’ll meet it with joy. 4. She’s lived a hard life but still manages to be cheerful and kind to others. 5. Look up new words in the dictionary before class.

动词的语态
语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。主语是动作的发出者为主动语态;主语是动作的接受者为被动语态。 一、 若宾语补足语是不带 to 的不定式, 变为被动语态时,该不定式前要加"to"。此类动词为感官动词。feel, hear, help, listen to, look at, make, observe, see, notice, watch Eg: The teacher made me go out of the classroom. --> I was made to go out of the classroom (by the teacher). We saw him play football on the playground.

--> He was seen to play football on the playground. 二、情态动词+ be +过去分词,构成被动语态。 Eg: Coal can be used to produce electricity for agriculture and industry. 三、表示"据说"或"相信" 的词组:believe, consider, declare, expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand It is said that? 据说 It is reported that? 据报道 It is believed that? 大家相信 It is hoped that? 大家希望 It is well known that? 众所周知 It is thought that? 大家认为 It is suggested that? 据建议 It is taken granted that? 被视为当然 It has been decided that? 大家决定 It must be remembered that?务必记住的是 Eg: It is said that she will leave for Wuhan on Tuesday. 四、不用被动语态的情况 1) 不及物动词或动词短语无被动语态:appear, die disappear, end (vi. 结束), fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread, stand, break out, come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place. Eg: After the fire, very little remained of my house. 比较: rise, fall, happen 是不及物动词;raise, seat 是及物动词。 (错) The price has been risen. (对) The price has risen. (错) The accident was happened last week. (对) The accident happened last week. (错) The price has raised. (对) The price has been raised. (错) Please seat. (对) Please be seated. 2) 不能用于被动语态的及物动词或动词短语:fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from, happen to, take part in, walk into, belong to Eg: This key just fits the lock. Your story agrees with what had already been heard. 3) 系动词无被动语态: appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn Eg: It sounds good. 4) 带同源宾语的及物动词,反身代词,相互代词,不能用于被动语态:die, death, dream, live, life Eg: She dreamed a bad dream last night. 5) 当宾语是不定式时,很少用于被动语态。 (对) She likes to swim. (错) To swim is liked by her. 五、主动形式表示被动意义 1) wash, clean, cook, iron, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell, drive? Eg: The book sells well. 这本书销路好。 This knife cuts easily. 这刀子很好用。

2) blame, let(出租), remain, keep, rent, build Eg: I was to blame for the accident. Much work remains. 3) 在 need, require, want, worth (形容词), deserve 后的动名词必须用主动形式。 Eg: The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired. This room needs cleaning. 这房间应该打扫一下。 This book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。 4) 特殊结构:make sb. heard / understood (使别人能听见/理解自己),have sth. done (要某人做某事)。 六、被动形式表示主动意义:be determined, be pleased, be graduated (from), be finished, be prepared (for), be occupied (in), get married Eg: He is graduated from a famous university. 他毕业于一所有名的大学。 注意: 表示同某人结婚,用 marry sb. 或 get married to sb. 都可。 Eg: He married a rich girl. / He got married to a rich girl. 七、need/want/require/worth 注意:当 need, want, require, worth(形容词)后面接 doing 也可以表示被动。 Eg: Your hair wants cutting. 你的头发该理了。 The floor requires washing. 地板需要冲洗。 The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。 典型例题 The library needs___, but it'll have to wait until Sunday. A. cleaning B. be cleaned C. clean D. being cleaned 答案 A. need (实意) +n /to do,need (情态)+ do,当为被动语态时, 还可 need + doing. 本题考最后一种用法, 选 A。如有 to be clean 则也为正确答案。

一、

单项选择:

1. There are five pairs _____, but I’m at a loss which to buy. A. to be chosen B. to choose from C. to choose D. for choosing

2. People can’t afford to buy expensive things ____ the prices of daily goods going up. A. as B. for C. with D. since

3. The first text-books _____ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written B. to write C. writhing D. written

4. They _____ friends since they met in Shanghai. A. have made B. have become C. have got D. have been

5. Shirley _____ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished it. A. has written B. wrote C. had written D. was writing

6. – Alice, why didn’t you come yesterday? -- I ____, but I had an unexpected visitor. A. had B. would C. was going to D. did

7. I _____ ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the new year. A. will play B. have played C. played D. play

8. The reporter said that the UFO ______ east to west when he saw it. A. was traveling B. traveled C. had been raveling D. was to travel

9. – You’re drinking too much. -- Only at home. No one _____ me but you. A. is seeing B. had seen C. sees D. saw

10. The price _____, but I doubt whether it will remain so. A. went down B. will go down C. has gone seen D. was going down

11. After two days, our food _____, and we had to return to the camp. A. gave in B. gave away C. gave out D. gave up

12. –Smoking is bad for your health. --Yes, I know. But I can’t _____. A. give it up B. give it in C. give it out D. give it away

13. He _____ his work with animals. A is famous as B. is famous for C. is well known as D. is well known to

14. One thousand people died in the disaster, two hundred and fifty-five children ____. A. were included B. including C. include D. included

15. This is the third time I ____ the Great Wall. A. came to visit 二、完型填空: Most nations have a hero who is 16 for his great deeds 17 in saving his country 18 enemies, or in bringing order, by his wise rule, to a land which has previously(曾经) been in disorder. 19 English hero of this kind is King Alfred, 20 ―the great‖ because he did both these things while he was king, at he time 21 England 22 by Danish tribes(部落). He was a brave fighter and a great leader of men in battle so that, although he had only a 23 army he was able to defeat the attackers soon after he became king. He was a great organizer, respected as the English ruler who first built ships to defend the island 24 enemies by sea. He was also a good man who 25 peace to war, and he encouraged learning in his kingdom by translating foreign books 26 English and 27 them all over England. The story most often 28 about Alfred is not heroic. He was escaping(逃脱) after one of the early battles against the Danes 29 his army 30. alone and 31 in borrowed clothes, he asked a poor B. am on C. have come to visit D. am visiting

man’s wife 32 shelter(避难所, 藏身处)in her cottage. She was baking some cakes at the fire and, as she wished to go, she asked the stranger to stay and watch her cakes. She reminded him to turn them 33 they could not burn. But the king 34 the time thinking of plans to defeat the enemy and bring 35 to his unfortunate people, with the result that he did not notice the cakes although he was looking at the fire. When the housewife returned she found that they were very burnt. Since she did not recognize the stranger as her king, she was very angry with him for being so careless as to allow her cakes to spoil. 16. A thought 17. A. each 18. A. for 19. A. A 20. A. called 21. A. as 22. A was attacked 23. A. strong 24. A. for 25. A. loved 26. A. about 27. A. sending 28. A. said 29. A. in which 30. A. had defeated 31. A. dressed 32. A. at 33. A. as for 34. A. wasted 35. A. peace 三、阅读理解 A Christopher Reeve(1952-2004) was an American actor, famous for his film character of Superman. B. considered B. every B. of B. An B. calling B. when B. having attacked B. large B. with B. preferred B. into B. sent B. spoken B. in that B. defeated B. put on B. for B. so that B. saved B. money C. remembered C. either C. over C. The C. to call C. that C. attacked C. powerful C. against C. was interested in C. by C. brought C. speaking C. which C. had been defeated C. worn C. in C. for which C. spent C. fond D. minded D. neither D. from D. Certain D. to be calling D. where D. had been attacked D. small D. out D. was fond of D. at D. called D. told D. that D. had been defeated D. had on D. under D. because of D. used D. clothes

Reeve was born in New York City and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1974, after which he was selected to study at Juilliard School of Performing Arts under John Houseman. Reeve worked on the stage, as well as on the soap opera Love of Life, until he was selected to play the role of the Superman in 1978. this film was a great success and inspired three sequels( 续 集). Ironically(讽刺的是), this was the kind of part Reeve usually looked down upon. He was stage actor at heart who preferred doing classical period plays and films that really required(要求) him to ―act‖. He once said, ―I want to challenge myself in my roles, not run around on screen with a machine gun.‖ In 1980, Reeve started in Somewhere in Time, a time travel romance. Although this film was not popular at the time it was released(公映), it has since enjoyed a nationwide ―cult‖ following, especially among college students in 1984, Reeve won critical cheers for his role as a 19th century southern lawyer in The Bostonians. On May 27,1995, Reeve was paralysed(瘫痪) from the neck down after being thrown from his horse, and largely retired(退休) from the production of films after his paralysis. With his wife Dana, he opened the Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Resource Center, devoted to teaching paralysed people to live more independently(独立的). 36. According to the passage, we can get the conclusion that the play Love of Life ___. A. gained a great success B. changed Reeve’s life completely

C. is just a relaxation for most audience D. talks about serious political problems 37. The underlined part in the third paragraph shows that Reeve ______. A. enjoyed different kinds roles related to high technology B. did not like to play the role of the Superman because of the danger C. was an ambitious actor who intended to play all kinds of characters D. was a peace-loving man, who hates weapons and all the military actions 38. The word ―cult‖ in the fourth paragraph probably means _____. A. popular fashion C. of the present time B. lovely and interesting D. bad-tempered dog

39. On May 27, 1995, Reeve _____. A. acted out the role of a lawyer in The Bostonians B. fell down during the horse-riding and became paralysed

C. won critical cheers for his performance in Somewhere in Time D. opened the Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Resource Center B Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship(崇拜). At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero? Despite(尽管)great differences in cultures heroes around the world generally share a umber of characteristics that instruct(教育) and inspire people. A hero does something worth talking about. A hero has a story of adventure(冒险) to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond only fame. Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like high-voltage transformers(变压 器), heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down so that it can be used by ordinary people. He hero lives a life worthy of imitation(效仿). Those who imitate a genuine hero experience life with new depth enthusiasm(热情), and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom they serve and what they are willing to live and die for. If the answer or evidence(证据) suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, but who would claim that their fans find life more abundant(充实的)? Heroes are catalysts(催化剂) for change. They have a vision from the mountaintop. They have the skill and the charm(魅力) to move the masses(群众). They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India might still be part of the British Empire. Without Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. , we might still have segregated(隔离的) buses, restaurants and parks. It may be possible for large scale(范围) change to happen without leaders with magnetic(有魅力的) personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless. 40. Although heroes may come from different cultures, they ____. A. generally have certain inspiring characteristics B. probably share some weaknesses of ordinary people C. are often influenced by previous generations D. all unknowingly attract a large number of fans 41. The author concludes that historical changes would ______. A. be delayed(推迟) without leaders with inspiring personal qualities

B. not happen without heroes making he necessary sacrifices(牺牲) C. take place if here were heroes to lead the people D. produce leaders with attractive personalities 42. According to the passage, heroes are compared to high-voltage transformers in that ______. A. they have a vision from the mountaintop B. they have warm feelings and emotions (情感) C. they can serve as concrete examples of noble principles D. they can make people feel stronger and more confident 43. Madonna and Michael Jackson are not considered heroes because _____. A. they are popular only among certain groups of people B. their performances do not improve their fans morally C. their primary concern is their own financial interests. D. they are not clear about the principles they should follow. 44. Gandhi and Martin Luther King are typical(典型的) examples of outstanding(杰出的) leaders who _____. A. are god at explaining their charming characters B. can move the masses with their forceful speeches C. are capable of meeting all challenges and hardships D. can give an answer to the problems of their people 45. The author concludes(推断出) that historical changes would _____. A. be delayed without leaders with inspiring personal qualities B. not happen without heroes making the necessary sacrifices C. take place if there were heroes to lead he people D. produce leaders with attractive personalities 参考答案 1-5 BCDDD 6-10 CDADC 11-15 CABDC 16-20 CCDBA 21-25 BADCB

26-30 BADAC 31-35 ABBCD 36-39 CCAB 40-45 AACBBA

Unit3 Celebrations 重点归纳 教学目的:复习基础知识为主,即词汇、句式用法、基础语法和交际用语等。 重 点:能力迁移。引导学生两通:语义通、语法通。运用学得的知识,结 合上下文解决问题,做题快又准。

本单元需要 15 课时。 ****知识清理———词汇短语
1. accept and refuse invitations 2. internet pages 3. literature extract 4. laugh at sb./ sth. 5. blow the candles 6. all over/ throughout the world 7. school uniform 8. watch the moon 9. a special occasion 10.all kinds of / different kinds of 11.traditional moon cakes made with bean paste 12.fall on 13.mark the end of the celebration 14. have power over sb./ sth. 15.The Lantern Festival 16.The Mid-autumn Festival 17.The Dragon Boat Festival 18.burn down 19.thousands of 20.decorate…with… 21.come in many shapes and sizes 22.sweeet dumplings 23.take part in 24.enjory the fun 25.voice one’s opinion 26.the blind/ the disabled 27.operate on sb./ perform an operation on 28.wash away the old and welcome the new 29.sb. be welcome to sth./ to do sth. 30.be related to … 31.Buddha statues/Buddhist traditions 32.put out the forest fire 33.dozens of candles a dozen candles/ 3 dozen candles 34.a firework display 35.wedding reception 36.sit-down meals 37.hot pot 38.apply for the job 39.depend on sb./ sth. ; It /That (all) depends. 40.on time/ in time 41.a bunch of flowers 42.wedding ceremony 43.go through 44.be/ get married to sb. 45.social or religious occasion 46.be about to do sth. 47.even if/ even though 48.ought to do sth./ ought not to do sth. 49.attend the reception 50.cover their heads 51.at the entrance to … 52.contribute sth. to …/ make contributions to 53.drink alcohol 54.ask sb. for sth. 55.the couple 56.link A to/with B 57.silk ribbon 58.a symbol of sth. 59.last through the night 60.agree on sth. 61.Father Christmas 62.the North Pole 63.on the envelope 64.attend the town carol service 65.have snowball fights 66.on Christmas Eve 67.put up the Christmas tree 68.at the end of the bed 69.stay awake 70.as long as possible 71.at the bottom of the bed 72.play with sb./ sth. 73.carry on 74.as soon as 75.fall into a deep sleep 76.make snowmen 77.go to church 78.blow up balloons / blow up the king 79.put on clothes 80.the similarities and differences between … 81.the Spring Festival 82.production manager 83.ask for repetition 84.rock music 85.as well / as well as 86.a welcome mat

87.take photos 88.complain about sth. ; complain that… 89.in the end 90.a bit of a mess 91.worship the sun god 92.harvest and store crops 93.adopt the New Year customs 94.honor saints 95.make bonfires 96.dress up as… 97.hollowed-out turnip or pumpkin 98.frighten away ghosts 99.in particular 100.spooky costumes 101.a travel agency 102.collect information 103.the People’s Republic of China 104.National Day 105.get relaxed 106.contact… 107.a thorough cleaning 108.paste handwritten couplet 109.conduct Yangge dance and lion dance 110.increase the festival atmosphere 111.a variety of 112.treat the relatives 113.be supposed to 114.cut into pieces 115.the Houses of Parliament 116.retire from 117.school uniform 118.gradually 119. sb. /sth. be said/ believed/ thought/ supposed/ reported to be …= It’s said/ believed/ thought/ supposed/ reported tat …= People/ They say/ believe/ think/ suppose/ report that…

****知识清理———重点句型
1. On this day,the moon is said to be its biggest and brightest. 2. Make sure the other two answers are not possible. 3. It’s usually the biggest family gathering for most families,so everyone is supposed to go home to join the celebration. 4. Train and airplane tickets are very difficult to get before the festival. 5. He wished everybody he saw Merry Christmas.


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