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句子分类和正误句子举例


Making Correct and Effective Sentence
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A grammatically complete sentence is one that contains at least a subject and a predicate verb; if the verb is transitive, there must be an object; if the verb is a link-verb, there must be a predicative or complement.

Types of Sentences
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According to their use, sentences are declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory. According to their structure, sentences are simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex.

variety of sentence patterns.
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1. we can imagine the beautiful surroundings. There are many trees along the streets. There is a clean river in the city. There are many fishes in the river. There are willow trees on the one side. There are some pieces of grassland on the other side. There are many flowers on them. 1. Just imagine the beautiful surroundings if we have made our cities greener. Green trees line the streets. A clean river winds through the city, in which a lot of fishes abound. On the one side stand rows of willow trees. On the other side lies a stretch of grassland sprinkled with many yellow and red flowers.

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2.there are fewer and fewer citizens who like to see films. 2. films are now losing their appeal for many citizens. 3. there are many people who complain of severe housing shortages. 3. housing shortages become the source of great complaint.

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e.g.fauty: Born in a small town in South China in the early 50s, he grew up to be a famous musician. Revised: He was born in a small town in South China in the early 50s. in his childhood he liked to sing songs. Later he entered a conservatory. In the 70s he became a famous musician.

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Fauty:I was born in a small town, in the town there was only one school, I studied there for six years. I was born in a small town. In it there was only one school. I studied there for six years. In a small town where I was born , there was only one school. I studied there for six years. I studied for six years at the only school in the small town where I was born.

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Fauty:The doctors first discussed the patient’s conditions and then the preparation for an operation began. The doctors first discussed the patient’s conditions and then began the preparation for an operation.

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写句子时,要注意:(1)围绕一个中心, 为句子选择和组织细节;(2)如无必要 就不转换主语、时态、语态以及语气等; (3)句子包含的细节要有逻辑联系,细 节也不宜过多。

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Ex: 1.The police helped him when important documents were lost. found them several days later. He lost his important documents, he found them with the help of police several days later.

his He but the

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1. Shakespeare is the world’s greatest dramatist, and married when he was only eighteen. Shakespeare, the world’s greatest dramatist, married only at the age of eighteen.

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1 . Although we generally think of Franklin only as a statesman, he was a man of more than one gift. Although thought generally of as a statesman, Franklin was a man of more than one gift.

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First make the fire and you cook the dinner. First make the fire and then cool the dinner. The student was disobedient and the teacher punished him. The teacher punished the student for his disobedience.

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1. The games were very interesting, and I was greatly absorbed, and when I started home, I found that I had torn a large hole in my best blue silk gown. I was so absorbed in the very interesting games that until I started home I didn’t find a large hole in my best blue silk gown.

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1. Last night Smith broke his arm, lost his car keys, could not drive himself to the university and he was absent today.
Last night when breaking his arm, Smith lost his car keys and could not drive himself to the university. That’s why he was absent today.

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Being 20 years of age, Zhang Ying has been paralyzed from the waist downwards since she was at the age of six. When her parents taught her, she has learned to read and write Chinese and also learned to read , write and speak English. Her spirit is indomitable, because she has even learned acupuncture. By using acupuncture she has cured many people of their disease.

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Zhang Ying, a 20-year-old girl, though paralyzed from the waist downwards since the age of six, has learned with indomitable spirit both Chinese and English, and even acupuncture so well that she has cured many patients.

e.g. 我在哪儿也找不到这张车票。
But no matter how hard I searched, the receipt was no where to be found. ? I couldn’t find the ticket anywhere. ? I didn’t know where the ticket was. ? Nowhere could I find the ticket . ? The ticket was nowhere to be found. ? There’s no place for me to find the ticket. ? The ticket could not be found anywhere. ? I finally failed to find the ticket. ? I tried to look for the ticket here and there, but I failed. ? Wherever I looked for, I couldn’t find the

e.g. 雾很大,视线特别不好,所以司 机把车开得都很慢。
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The fog is heavy and the drivers can’t see clearly, so they all drove very slowly.---All the drivers drove slowly, due to poor visibility resulted from the heavy fog.



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