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高中英语 Unit 5 First aid Period 4 Listening and speaking教学设计 新人教版必修5

Period 4 Listening & Speaking
Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语 aid, first aid,fall ill,illness,injury,bleed,sprain,ankle,choke,blood,bloody, burn,essential,organ, layer, poison, ray, treatment b. 交际用语 We / you should / ought to... Please do... Make sure... You must / have to / ought to... You must never... You ought never to... 2. Ability goals 能力目标 Enable the students to talk about different accidents and how to give first aid in different situations. 3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 Help the students learn how to give first aid in different situations through discussion. Teaching important and difficult points 教学重难点 Help the students use the expressions to describe the accidents and how to give first aid. Teaching methods 教学方法 Brainstorm and discussion (Group work). Teaching aids 教具准备 A recorder, a projector and a computer. Teaching procedures and ways 教学过程与方式 Step Ⅰ Lead-in The warming up exercise makes the students understand there are some kinds of dangers in our daily life such as snake bite, bleeding, a sprained ankle, choking and so on. What’s more, the students should be asked to know how to prevent these troubles from happening and how to give first aid when they happen.
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Talk about the pictures with the teacher’s help. T: Look at the pictures on page 33. Each of them is a picture of an accident. Although some accidents are small and some accidents are serious. You should know how to prevent these accidents from happening and know what to do when they happen. Now please discuss the following questions with your partner. 1. What would you do in the above situations? 2. What could we do to prevent these accidents? 3. What do you already know about first aid? 4. What new words do you think would be useful when you talk about accidents and first aid? Discussion: Sa: To tell you the truth, I would be very afraid and do nothing in the above situations. Sb: It means you don’t know much about first aid, am I right? Sa: Yes. I know nothing about first aid. Sb: I think we should stay calm at first. We can’t be too frightened to do anything. Then we should learn something about first aid. Sa: In my opinion, it is the most important thing to prevent these accidents from happening. Sb: I can’t agree with you more. We should try our best to avoid these accidents. We must be very careful when we are swimming, walking, cooking and even eating. By the way, what new words do you think would be useful when you talk about accidents and first aid? Sa: The accidents are dangerous, troublesome and frightening. First aid is very useful and necessary. Look at the pictures together and ask the Ss what has happened in each one. T: Well, can I help you? These pictures are all about the accidents. What has happened in each one? What kind of first aid we should give in the situations? What about Picture1? S: We can see a man whom a snake has bitten on his le.g. When a person is bitten by a snake, the person bitten must get to a doctor or hospital at once. Speed is very important. It will help the doctor greatly if you can tell him what kind of snake it was, or describe the situation.
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T: Good. What about Picture 2? S: In Picture 2 we can see a woman who has cut her arm with some broken glass and is bleeding badly. T: Yes, then how to do first aid in this situation? S: When someone is bleeding: Try to stop the bleeding; Press a handkerchief onto the bleeding point and hold it there; Hold up the part of body which is bleeding if possible. T: Good, what about the third picture? S: Picture 3 is about a boy who has badly sprained his ankle on the playground and his friends are running towards him to help. He should tie his ankle with medical bandage. It is better to avoid walking with the injured ankle. It is correct to use ice bag for relieving pain and bleeding. T: Good. Then the fourth picture? S: Picture 4, the girl sitting around the table is choking when she is eating something. We should make her spit by patting her back. To avoid this, we shouldn’t talk or laugh when eating. T: Right. Let’s talk about the fifth picture. S: Picture 5, the old grandma lying on the ground has broken her arm. We should not move the patient. Send for an ambulance at once. Keep the arm still using a sling or get the victim to support the broken arm with the other arm. T: What about the last picture? S: In the last picture, the boy has a nosebleed. He should stay calm. Breathe through the mouth, not the nose. Sit up and bend the head slightly forward. Pinch both nostrils shut using a thumb and forefinger. Spit out any blood that collects in the mouth. T: Very good. All of you have a good knowledge of first aid. These accidents are all terrible. We should try our best to prevent these terrible accidents from happening. For example, when we are swimming, we can’t swim alone. We must swim with somebody else. Besides, we can’t swim in the river too deep. When an accident does happen we should keep calm and know how to deal with it correctly. So learning some first aid knowledge is of great importance to every one. Step Ⅱ Further discussion Give advice to the persons in trouble. T: I think you must know something about troubles and first aid. Now please give your
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advice to the persons in different kinds of troubles.

Ss: OK.

Show the slide.

Drowning

Traffic Burns

Bleeding Cuts

Choking

accident

Your

suggestions

to them

T: Please give your suggestions to the victims in order to prevent different kinds of

accidents. For instance, to the person who is drowning you can say: Never swim alone.

/ Learn how to swim. / Don’t swim in dangerous rivers. Now, please work in pairs.

Three minutes later.

T: OK. I will check your answers. To the person in a traffic accident, what suggestion

will you give him?

Ss: You shouldn’t ride your bicycle without looking at the traffic.

Follow the traffic rules and be attentive and careful.

Never use a cell phone while you are driving, riding a bike or walking on a busy street.

Use crosswalks and don’t walk on the street.

Never run in traffic.

T: What suggestion will you give the victim getting burns?

Ss: You ought to be careful when cooking.

Don’t leave lamps and candles burning in your house.

Don’t let children touch flames or hot liquid.

T: What suggestion will you give the victim who is bleeding or whose hand is cut?

Ss: You must go to the nearest hospital as soon as possible.

Don’t play with knives or other sharp objects.

T: What suggestion will you give the person who is choking?

Ss: You mustn’t eat too fast.

Don’t forget to chew your food.

Don’t talk while having food in the mouth.

Some more situations are given and encourage the students to talk more.

T: Now, here are some more situations, please give the first aid instructions to the

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situations. What should you do if someone is drowning?

S: When someone is drowning, first we should check if he /she is breathing, then try

to start his /her breathing. Never swim in deep water.

T: Good. We call this CPR (= cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Now if someone has been

hurt in a traffic accident, what should we do?

S: In the traffic accident, first call for a doctor or an ambulance. We should make

sure that the accident scene is safe, and then find out how the people involved are

injured. If there is more than one injured person, we should help the most seriously

injured person first. It is especially important to help someone who isn’t moving and

seems to be unconscious. An injured person who is screaming with pain may seem to need

our help, too, but if a person is able to scream or ask for help, they are at least

conscious and breathing. Never pull her out of the car. Find enough people to lift the

car safely and take her to hospital at once. Look at both sides when crossing the street.

T: Very good. Now we know how to do first aids according to different situations.

Step Ⅲ Talking( P39)

T: Now let’s look at the pictures of Exercise 2 on p39, use the pictures above to help

you give your partner first aid instructions for each situation. Try to use the useful

expressions:

You should always ... You must...

Make sure that ...

You ought to / should...

You have to ...

You should not...

You should never ... You must never...

Never ...

Please don’t...

T: What should you do when you meet the situation in Picture1?

S: If we meet this sprained ankle situation, we should have the victim sit down and

elevate the foot. We should make sure how serious the situation is. Perhaps we must

put an ice pack on the ankle to reduce the swelling and then put a firm bandage around

the foot and ankle. It is better to avoid walking with the injured ankle.

Help the Ss to talk about other situations.

Burning clothes:

Use a blanket to put out fire on the body.

Remove clothing from burned area.

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Use running water to cool down. Sent for a doctor. Nose bleeds Stay calm. Breathe through the mouth, not the nose. Sit up and bend the head slightly forward. Pinch both nostrils shut using a thumb and forefinger. Spit out any blood that collects in the mouth. Choking Make him /her spit by patting him/her on the back. To avoid this, we shouldn’t talk or laugh when eating. Step Ⅳ Talk about safety around the house, using Dos and Don’ts T: Now we are going to talk about the safety around the house, using some DOS and DON’TS. Work in pairs. Tell each other what you should and should not do. T: Now, anyone can tell us something about the safety for DOS. Sa: We have to make sure that electric wires are safe and that children can’t reach them. Sb: If a pan of oil catches fire, turn off the gas and cover the pan quickly. Sc: Make sure that everyone in your family knows how to call 110 and 120. Sd: Learn more about first aid. T: Good, then can you talk about it using DON’TS. Sa: Don’t put poisons into other containers, for example empty bottles. Sb: Never leave small things a baby can put in its mouth on the floor or table. Sc: Don’t play with electrical equipment. Sd: Never use ladders on a wet floor. T: Well done! Don’t forget to phone 110 or 120 when necessary. Step Ⅴ Talking (in workbook) T: Just now we know how to do some first aid, but that’s not enough. We should make some emergency call to give the person a quick treatment. Then how to make this kind of call? Now choose an emergency situation and make a dialogue. Make sure the operator asks for all the information including name of the caller, telephone number, address, what has happened, number of people involved. Now practice in pairs and I like some
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pairs to show their dialogues. T: Now, let’s ask some pair to do the dialogue. Possible dialogue: Sa: Emergency. Can I help you? Sb: Yes, you got to help me — my son has had an accident. I don’t know what to do. Sa: Now calm down. Tell me your name and phone number — slowly. Sb: Ummm... Marry Grand. Oh, you’ve got to send an ambulance now. Sa: Yes. I will. Now take a deep breath and tell me your phone number. Sb: Yes, yes... 342562178. Sa: Good. Now tell me what’s happened. Sb: Well, my son was playing in the grass when he was bitten by a snake. Now he is lying on the ground, bleeding. Oh, what should I do? Sa: Well, we will come soon. Just apply pressure to the bitten area with your hands and then, as soon as possible, with a bandage firmly over the bite. Sb: OK, thank you. Bye. Sa: Wait, we need your address. Sb: Oh yes. I’m just so worried. It’s 23 Loft Stress. Sa: OK, we’ll arrive soon. Step Ⅵ Homework 1. Do the SPEAKING TASK in workbook p74. 2. Find more information about first aid — how to rescue breathing.
The Second Period Listening Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语 unconscious, emergency number, reach cupboard, involve, stress and intonation b. 重点句式 So far we’ve looked at first aid treatments for burns, bleeding, choking ... Stop him from running around as that makes clothes burn faster. 2. Ability goals 能力目标 Enable the students to listen for details and catch the specific information of first aid as much as possible.
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3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 Help the Ss learn how to do rescue breathing by listening task. Teaching important and difficult points 教学重难点 Listen to the three materials about a first aid quiz and an emergency phone call and the instructions for rescue breathing, then choose the correct answers. Teaching methods 教学方法 Listening and cooperative learning. Teaching aids 教具准备 A recorder, a projector and a computer. Teaching procedures and ways 教学过程与方式 Step Ⅰ Revision Help the Ss to check their homework on page 74. The students’ textbooks should be closed. T: Last class we learned some knowledge of first aid. Here I’d like to do a quiz about first aid. Do this first aid quiz in groups. Give reasons for your answers. Mary, which person would you help first? Read the multiple choices from A to D. S: C. Gao Yuan who is on the ground without breathing. He is in greater danger of dying than the others because he is not breathing. He needs rescue breathing to start his breathing again. T: When you are carrying out rescue breathing, where do you check for a pulse? Here are four answers. S: A. The easiest place to check for a pulse is on either of the carotid arteries, which run down both sides of the neck. ... Help the Ss to do the quiz. Step Ⅱ Listening Pre-listening T: Before listening, let’s learn some difficult words and phrases. Read them and tell me the Chinese meanings. unconscious; emergency number; reach cupboard; involve; stress and intonation Show the following questions on the screen.
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Have you ever had to phone an emergency number? Do you know what telephone number you would call in a medical emergency? What telephone number you would call in a fire emergency? And what telephone number you would call in a police emergency? Let the Ss discuss these questions. Give some necessary help. Ss: 120 is the emergency phone number for the ambulance; 110 for police station; 119 for fire station. T: OK. When we make an emergency call, what should we pay attention to? Yes, we should re-member to tell where we are, what happened, the telephone number etc. Now, we are going to listen to an emergency phone call. Listen attentively and get the general idea. Listening Play the tape twice. And then ask the Ss some questions. T: What can you hear in the listening? S: The listening presents an emergency phone call in which a woman is asking for an ambulance for her daughter who has had an accident. T: I play it the second time; you need to fill in the blanks. While you are listening, you’d better make notes of the listening points. Listen to the conversation and complete the table on page 69, pay attention to the key words. Check the answers. Make the Ss understand all the four questions. Play the tape and ask them to answer the questions in pairs. And then check the answers with the whole class. T: Can you remember the phrases the operator used to try and make Mrs Grant feel more relaxed? S: Now calm down; Now take a deep breath. T: Are there any other phrases you didn’t understand? ... Play the tape again and help the Ss to deal with the difficulties. Step Ⅲ Listening ( P73) Pre- listening T: Now let’s go on to do another listening practice. Please turn to page 73. Here are some pictures of how to do rescue breathing. We call the way CPR. What do you think
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rescue breathing is? S: Rescue breathing is when you help someone who has stopped breathing to start breathing again. While listening T: Listen to the instructions for rescue breathing, number the boxes for the correct order. Write an instruction under each picture. Now discuss the order in groups. Number the boxes to show the correct order of the pictures. Write an instruction under each picture. Ss: 7-5-2-4-8-6-1-3
1 check if conscious 2 put into recovery position 3 clear airway 4 check if breathing 5 blow into mouth and watch for breathing 6 check pulse 7 continue rescue breathing 8 put into recovery position Post-listening T: Now let’s look at the pictures, can you use them as guide to tell each other how to do rescue breathing. Ss: 1. We should call for help, then check whether unconscious. 2. We should put the person into the recovery position. 3. We may clear anything in the airway. 4. Then we should check for breathing. 5. Blow into mouth using the mouth- to- mouth method. 6. Check pulse. 7. We should continue breathing at 15 breath a minute. 8. At last when the person breaths again, put him/her in the recovery position. T: Yes, you are right. Rescue breathing is very important in our daily life. I hope one day when you need it, you can use it well. Step Ⅳ Listening (P39) T: Besides the rescue breathing, there are other ways to do first aids. Now, let’s
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learn more about first aid. Turn to page 39. Here is a quiz. While you listen to it, you don’t need to catch every detail. Only focus on the topics. Let’s listen to it and answer the questions. What topics does the teacher ask questions about? Circle the correct ones. Check the answer with the classmates. Ask some students to answer. Step Ⅴ Homework 1. Search more information about first aid on the Internet. 2. Prepare for reading: FIRST AID FOR BURNS.
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