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2016长春职业技术学院单招英语模拟试题及答案

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2016 长春职业技术学院单招英语模拟试题及答案
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. I heard you have vacant position for a secretary. I’ve come to apply for _______ job. A.the; a B.a; the C./; a D.a; /

22. --- English has a large vocabulary, hasn’t it? --- Yes. more words and expressions and you will find it easier to read and communicate. A.Know B.Knowing C.To know D.Known

23. I can’t remember ______ made the teacher give Mary the permission to leave the class earlier. A.that it was what C.what was it that B.what it was that D.that was it what

24. _____ on the small island, the tower has been seriously damaged by the sea water. A.Being lain B.Laid C.Being located D.Located

25. ---Goodbye, Joyce. Please remember me to your parents.

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--- _________. A.My pleasure C.Thanks, I will B.It’s very kind of you to say so D.What a good idea

26. The cloth ________ fine, but _________ well. A.looks; doesn’t wash C.is looked; doesn’t wash B.looks; isn’t washed D.is looked; isn’t washed

27. The teacher, with 18 girls and 22 boys of her class, ____ doing experiments in the lab when the earthquake struck. A.was B.were C.had been D.has been

28. --- Excuse me, would you mind answering a few questions? --- Well, I don’t know. I’m in rather a hurry_____. A.seriously D.anxiously 29. It rained continuously for seven days, completely _________ our holiday. A. ruined B. to ruin C. ruining D. ruins B.actually C.immediately

30. I’ve come to the point A.why

I can't stand her arguing any longer. C.that D.where

B.which

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31. This region is the home ________ many species of plants and _________ animals _______ pandas. A. to; endangered; including C. to; endangered; included B. of; danger; including D. of; dangerous; included

32. After 15 years in the USA, he has finally decided to ________ American citizenship. A. concentrate on B. apply for C. look out for D. appeal to

33. The news came, as expected, _________ my cousin was chosen to be a foreign aid doctor to go to Africa where people are suffering a lot from aids. A.it B.that C.what D.which

34. As long as I can remember, _________ I called, his wife would answer the phone. A.however B.whenever C.whatever D.whichever

35. Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we _____ it without you. A.can manage C.could manage B.could have managed D.can have managed

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)?

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阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。? A 25-year-old student from Hubei was admitted into Tsinghua,China’s most famous university.after an eight—year 36 .Li Jun comes from a

poor family in a small village of Hubei Province.He first 37 going to college in the year 2000 38 he was admitted by a 1ocal school after 39 from a secondary technical school at age 17.A 40 art student,he passed the exam again next year but 41 school due to economic pressures in September 2002.Life seemed 42 but Li didn’t’t give in.He earned a 43 by working part time in Wuhan’s art rooms and tutoring students.But he never lost sight of his lifelong dream of 44 the Academy of Arts&Design

of Tsinghua University.Li 45 the college entrance examination for five continuous years starting from 2003. 46 ,he missed making the cut one mark last year. In 2008,his fifth try,Li’s efforts 47 .He finished the qualifying

exam in his province and was finally admitted as a sculpture major into Tsinghua University.Every year.Li took art 48 in Beijing and took exams from December to March.He then took cultural courses in his school till June.The rest of the year he spent on 49 work.Li said he hadn’t 50 any money from his family since he graduated from the technical secondary

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school.Li said the reason he maintained for eight years was that he wanted to change his 51 through knowledge。 52 by his contribution,Li Jun’s university 53 him 9000 yuan out of his tuition fees of 11450 yuan.An eight—year struggle may have come to an end for LiJun,but a new 54 has now begun.Li said he would not worry about repaying loans at present.He wants to study well and 55 more scholarships. 36.A.research D.expectation 37.A.talked of D.knew of 38.A.where D.when 39.A.learning D.graduating 40.A.gifted D.easy going 41.A.went on with B.watched out for B.surprised C.interested B.separating C.dating B.since C.that B.told of C.dreamt of B.service C.struggle

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C.1ooked forward to of 42.A.unfair D.busy 43.A.value D.1iving 44.A.entering D.pursing 45.A.turned to D.adapted to 46.A.Instead 47.A.took off off 48.A.ways D.success 49.A.full—time 50.A.asked for D.waited for B.part—time B.looked for C.out—of—door D.all C.prayed for B.programmes C.courses B.At times B.paid off C.However C.gave off D.Besides D.sent B.applied for C.called for B.visiting C.supporting B.respect C.freedom B.hard C.practical D.dropped out

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51.A.fate D.opinion 52.A.Encouraged B.1nfluenccd D.Impressed 53.A.funded D.cost 54.A.challenge B.1ife C.case B.gave C.paid C.Accused B.ideal C.plan

D.relationship 55. A.spend D.use 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A We now think of chocolate as sweet, but once it was bitter. We think of it as a candy, but once it was a medicine. Today, chocolate can be a hot drink, a frozen dessert, or just a snack. Sometimes it is an ingredient in the main course of a meal. Mexicans make a hot chocolate sauce called mole and pour it over chicken. The Mexicans also eat chocolate with spices like chili peppers. B.win C.care

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Chocolate is a product of the tropical cacao tree. The beans taste so bitter that even the monkeys say “Ugh!” and run away. Workers must first dry and then roast the beans. This removes the bitter taste. The word “chocolate” comes from a Mayan word. The Mayas were an ancient people who once lived in Mexico. They valued the cacao tree. Some used the beans for money, while others crushed them to make a drink. When the Spaniards came to Mexico in the sixteenth century, they started drinking cacao too. Because the drink was strong and bitter, they thought it was a medicine. No one had the idea of adding sugar. The Spaniards took some beans back to Europe and opened cafes. Wealthy people drank cacao and said it was good for the digestion. In the 1800s, the owner of a chocolate factory in England discovered that sugar removed the bitter taste of cacao. It quickly became a cheap and popular drink. Soon afterwards, a factory made the first solid block of sweetened chocolate. Later on, another factory mixed milk and chocolate together. People liked the taste of milk chocolate even better. Besides the chocolate candy bar, one of the most popular American snacks is the chocolate chip cookie. Favorite desserts are chocolate cream pie and of course an ice cream sundae with hot fudge sauce. 56.It was ______that discovered sugar could remove the bitter taste of cacao. A. the workers in the chocolate factory B. the Spaniards C. the people in England D. the owner of a chocolate factory. 57. According to the passage which of the following statements is TRUE?

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A. Nobody had the idea of adding sugar until the sixteenth century. B. The word “ chocolate” comes from a Mexican word. C. The beans taste so bitter that even the monkeys like them. D. Workers must dry and roast the beans to remove the bitter taste. 58.Which is the right time order of the events regarding chocolate? a. Chocolate became a cheap and popular drink in England. b. A factory made the first solid block of sweetened chocolate. c. The Spaniards started drinking cacao. d. It was found that sugar removed the bitter taste of cacao. e. A factory mixed milk and chocolate together. A. a-b-c-d-e B. c-d-e-b-a C. c-d-a-b-e D. c-d-b-e-a

59. It can be inferred from the passage that___________. A. chocolate can be a hot drink, a frozen dessert, or a candy bar. B. Mexicans like chocolate very much. C. chocolate is a product of the cacao tree. D. people liked the taste of chocolate mixed with milk. B Happy April Fool’s Day! In celebration of the day, we have put together a list of some of the greatest hoaxes (恶作剧) in history. They are the lies that have been designed for innocent people who are ready to believe them.

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▲INSTANT COLOR TV In 1962 there was only one TV channel in Sweden, and it broadcast in black and white. The station’s Kjell Stepson, appeared on the news to announce that thanks to a newly developed technology, all viewers could now quickly and easily transform their existing sets to display color reception. All they had to do was pull a nylon stocking over their TV screen, and they would begin to see their favorite shows in color. Reportedly, hundreds of thousands of people, were taken in. Actual color TV transmission only started to appear in Sweden on April 1, 1970. ▲SAN SERRIFFE In 1977 the British newspaper The Guardian published a special seven-page supplement (增刊) in honor of the tenth anniversary of San Serfiffe, a small republic located in the Indian Ocean. A series of articles affectionately asked for more information about the beautiful holiday spot. Few noticed that everything about the island was made up. ▲NIXON FOR PRESIDENT In 1992 American National Public Radio’s Talk of the Nation program announced that Richard Nixon, in a surprise move, was running for President again. His new campaign slogan was, “I didn’t do anything wrong, and I won’t do it again.” Accompanying this announcement were audio clips (片断) of Nixon delivering his election speech. Listeners responded immediately to the announcement, flooding the show with calls expressing shock and anger. Only during the second haft of the show did the host John Huckleberry reveal that the announcement was a practical joke. Nixon’s voice was copied by comedian Rich Little. 60. Which of the following western countries is NOT mentioned in the text? A. India B. the UK C. the United States D. Sweden

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61. Who worked as a host on the radio? A. Kjell Stepson B. Rich Little C. Richard Nixon D. John Huckleberry

62. When did the small republic San Serriffe come into being? A. In 1962. B. In 1977. C. In 1992. D. Never.

63. Where can we probably read this article? A. In an ad. C American researchers say drinking tea may help strengthen the body’s defense system against infection. Doctors at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, did the study. The team studied a chemical found in black, green, oolong and pekoe tea. This chemical is an amino acid(氨基酸)called L-theanine. The scientists say it may increase the strength of gamma delta T cells. That’s the letter T, not the drink. Gamma delta T cells are part of the body’s defenses. First, the researchers mixed some of these cells with antigens(抗原)found in the amino acid. Antigens help the body react to infection. Then the scientists added some bacteria. Within twenty-four hours, the cells produced a lot of interferon, a substance (物质)that fights infection. Cells not mixed with the antigens did not produce interferon. In the second part of the study, eleven people drank five to six cups of black tea every day. Ten other people drank the same amount of instant coffee. That is dried coffee mixed with hot water. Two weeks later, and again two weeks after that, the researchers tested the blood of all twenty-one people. They also looked at what happened when they added bacteria to the blood cells. They found that the tea drinkers produced five times more B. In a magazine. C. In a novel. D. In a news report.

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interferon after they started drinking tea. The coffee drinkers did not produce interferon. Doctor Jack Bukowski led the study. He says the antigens added to the gamma delta T cells were responsible for the increased reaction to the bacteria. He says the study also showed that the cells were able to remember the bacteria and fight them again the next time. Earlier research already has found that tea can help prevent heart disease and cancer. Doctor Bukowski says the new study must be repeated with more people. If the findings prove to be true, he says, then tea drinking might also help protect against bacterial infections. He says the amino acid L-theanine could be removed from tea and used as a drug to strengthen the body’s defenses. 64.We may know from the text that ________ can be found in different kinds of tea. A.Gamma delta T cells B.interferon C.L-theanine D.bacteria

65. Tea may help strengthen the body’s defense system because it helps ________. A.to add some bacteria to the blood cells B.the body to produce more gamma delta T cells C.the body to produce more interferon D.to mix antigens with some of the cells in the body 66. According to Dr Bukowski, ________. A.further study is needed to prove the findings true B.he has taken some amino acid L-theanine from tea and made a drug with it

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C.the findings of the study have already proved to be true D.he is not sure whether tea can help prevent heart disease and cancer 67. What would be the best title for this Text? A.Tea Is Better Than Coffee. C.Tea Can Help Prevent Cancer. D Nominations(提名) for the Academy Awards will be announced on Feb. 12 and the safest prediction is that everyone will find something to complain about. But of course the Oscars are not “fair”. They have always been more about remarkable scenes and excessive advertisements than about the reasonable recognition of talent. In the 80-year history of the Academy Awards, women have been nominated for best director exactly twice. Yet the motion picture academy would never consider creating a category for “best directress”. Even in fields where there are more women, they tend to fare(勉强过得去) poorly against men. Of the 146 writers nominated for an Academy Award in the last decade, for example, only 16 have been women. No one favors separate awards for male and female screenwriters. And if the idea is to recognize professionals who tend to be ignored in Hollywood, then there ought to be a separate award for black actors. You think women have it hard in Hollywood? Only four black actors have ever won the top award and only 16 have ever been nominated, compared with more than 300 white actors. The Academy Awards indulge in sexual difference because the Oscars are, first and foremost, about glitz (浮华). Actresses are more in the public eye than almost anyone else in Hollywood. No offense to the male actors in their black or white evening B.Our Body Needs Tea D.Tea May Help Fight Infection

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dresses, but on Oscar night, it’s the women who bring the attraction. Audiences want to see this year’s dresses and hairstyles. Studios want female stars to help them sell tickets. 68.In “No offense to the male actors” (Para 5), what does the word “offense” probably mean? A.disrespect B.crime C.anger D.disagreement

69.As for African-Americans’ situation, which of the following is true? A.Only four black actors have ever been nominated for the Academy Awards. B.Only one black artist has ever won the best director title. C.Only 20 black actors have ever been nominated for best actor. D.African-Americans experience more unfair treatment. 70.How many men have been nominated for best screenwriter in the last decade’s Academy Awards? A.16 B.146 C.162 D.130

71. The author mentioned two important things in this passage, they are ________. A.Hollywood and Academy awards B.Hollywood and sexual separation C.actors and actresses D. racial discrimination and sexual difference

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E Mouse potatoes joined couch potatoes, google officially became a verb and drama queens (extremely emotional persons) finally found the attention when they crossed over from popular culture to mainstream English language. The mouse potato, the himbo (attractive, empty-headed man) and drama queen were among 100 new words added to the 2006 update of America’s best-selling dictionary, the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary(《韦氏大词典》). The Internet search engine Google also found its way into the dictionary for the first time as a verb, meaning to find information quickly on the world wide web. New words and phrases from the fields of science, technology, pop culture and industry are chosen each year by Merriam-Webster’s team of editors after months of looking through books, magazines and even food labels. “They are not tracking spoken language. They are looking for evidence that words have been used in the written English language,” said Arthur Bicknell, senior editor of Merriam-Webster. Other words first coming into the dictionary this year were soul patch (a small growth of beard under a man’s lower lip), unibrow (two eyebrows joining together) and supersize.(the fast food industry phrase for extra large meals) The technology world contributed ringtones (changeable incoming cellphone call signals) and spyware (software installed in a computer to track a user’s activities) while biodiesel(生物柴油) and avian influenza(禽流感) came from the world of science. America’s first dictionary—Noah Webster’s A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language—was published 200 years ago and also introduced some fresh words that have now become familiar. Those “new” words in 1806 included slang, surf, psychology, naturally and Americanize.

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72. The mouse potato refers to ________ .A. a mouse that lives by potatoes. B. a person who spends much time on the computer that is shown on the screen of the computer eat mice and potatoes 73. Which group of words and phrases is NOT the fresh words for the dictionary of this year?A. mouse potatoes, google, drama queen. B. himbo, soul patch, unibrow, supersize.C. ringbones, spy ware, biodiese, avian influenza. D. couch potatoes, surf, psychology, Americanize. 74. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?A. New words and phrases introduced into the dictionary have close relationship with the time.B. New words and phrases chosen by the editors of the dictionary have been used in written English somewhere.C. Some words that are now familiar to us used to be fresh words collected in the dictionary.D. The Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary becomes the best-seller because 100 new words are added to it. 75. The passage is mainly about that _______ .A. 100 fresh words are added to the Merriam- Webster Collegiate DictionaryB. English words change their meanings with the time passing byC. English language is becoming more and more difficult to learnD. the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary will leave out some old words and introduce some new ones. C. a mouse D. a person who likes to

第二卷(非选择题

共 35 分)

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第四部分: 写作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文填词(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 阅读下列短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示, 在每个空格内填入适当的英语单词,并将该词完整地写在右边相对应的横线上. 所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。
At first, I was not quite willing to sit down and watched the 90-minute football match. __________(通常) I just 1. ________________

checked the results because I thought _________ was dull to 2. ________________ watch a game in w_______ players kicked a ball to each other. 3. ________________ H___________, my father loves football. During the 4. ________________ World Cup in 2002, my dad s___________ up late into night5. _________________ just to watch his favorite sport. Seeing his strong interest ______ this 6. _________________ game of 22 men _______ ( 追赶 ) after a ball, I decided to sit down 7. ________________ to watch the game. I found the game_____ ( 激动人心的 ) with my 8._________________ dad’s _________ ( 解释 )of the rulesto me. We shared our joy. 9. _________________ Football is not too bad _________ I watch it with my dad! 10. _________________

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第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 以下是李明在二十一世纪报 Heart to heart 栏目登出的一封求助信。作为该报 的忠实读者,你给他回了信并提供了一些解决问题的建议如:考前制定好合适 的复习计划;考试期间正常作息;…… 注意:1.根据信的内容和要点提示进行适当的发挥; 2.词数约 120 词。信的开头与结尾已给出,不计入总词数; Dear friends, I am Li Ming, a student of Senior Three. I am writing to tell you about some symptoms of anxiety among us students before exams. Most of us feel nervous whenever we're taking an important exam. Some feel dizzy or tired, some suffer from lack of sleep, while others lose their appetite. In fact, all these symptoms have terrible effects on our exams and we are all eager to get rid of them. I do hope you can recommend something helpful for us. Many thanks. Yours sincerely, Li Ming Dear friend, I am also a Senior Three student. I'm very sorry that you have had such a tough time. _______________________________________________________________ ________

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_______________________________________________________________ ________

Hope

答案解析
单选(15 分):21-25 BABDC 26-30 AABCD31-35 ABBBB 完型(30 分):36-40 CCDDA 41-45 DADAB 46-50 CBCBA 51-55 ADAAB 阅读(40 分):(A)BDAC (B) A D DB (C) CCAD

(D) AD DD (E)BDDA
填空(10 分): 1. 90-minute 6. in7. running 2. it 3. whicj 4. However 10. if 5. stayed

8. exciting

9. explanation

书面表达(25 分): [参考答案]

One possible version:

考单招——上高职单招网
Dear friend, I am also a Senior Three student. I'm very sorry that you have had such a tough time. Obviously this is an common problem. I'm willing to offer you some suggestions which I do hope can help you in some way. First of all, in my opinion, it's important for us to have a positive attitude towards exams. They are only a means of checking how we are getting along with our studies, so there is no need to worry too much about the results. Study hard every day and make careful plans for every exam. In this way we can avoid suffering from the pressure of exams. Besides, enough sleep can make us energetic and enable us to perform well in an exam. Therefore, during the period of exams, we should not stay up too late. It's also a good idea to go out for a walk or do some outdoor exercises before exams so that we can keep ourselves relaxed and then concentrate ourselves on exams. Hope


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