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高一英语function-and-speaking课件2_图文

1)常见的直接接动词-ing形式的动词有: 考虑建议盼原谅,承认推迟没得想

避免错过继续练,否认完成就欣赏
禁止想象才冒险,不禁介意准逃跑
consider suggest/advise look forward to excuse/pardon admit delay/put off fancy(想象,设想) avoid miss keep/keep on practise finish enjoy/appreciate deny forbid imagine risk can’t help mind allow/permit escape

2)常见的直接接动词-ing形式的短语: feel like, give up, be used to, insist on,
lead to, pay attention to, devote…to , stick to, object to, thanks to, thank yo for, protect/prevent …from, be worth,

succeed in, be busy in, get down to, have
some trouble /difficulty /problems (in)

spend time(in)doing等。

I am looking forward to seeing you.

我盼望着再次见到你。
The doctor advised taking more exercise. 医生建议多运动。 The boy refused to admit stealing my money. 这个男孩拒绝承认偷了我的钱。

We missed the 5:30 bus, which means waiting for another hour. 我们误了5:30的班车,这意味着还得等一 个小时。 I really enjoyed working on the farm. 我真的喜欢在农场干活。 She had finished listening to the news. 她听完了新闻。

注: ①有些动词如: remember, forget, regret;stop, try, mean,go on等后既 可以跟动词-ing形式,也可跟动词不定 式作宾语,但意义不同。如: remember doing sth 记得曾经做过某事 动作已发生 remember to do sth 记住做某事 动作还没有发生

I remember seeing you somewhere in Beijing. 我记得在北京什么地方见到过你。 Do you remember to post the letter?

你记住寄这封信了吗?
forget doing sth 忘记曾经做过某事 动作已发生 forget to do sth 忘记去做某事

动作还没有发生

动名词的语态和否定形式
主动语态: do+ing 被动语态:being done 否定形式:not doing

1. He escaped being caught this time. 2. I can’t stand being treated like that. 3. I thank you very much for your not telling the secret to others.

I shall never forget hearing her singing that song. 我将不会忘记听她唱那支歌的情景。 I have forgotten to bring my umbrella. 我忘了带伞。

regret doing 对于??感到遗憾/后悔 regret to do sth 因??感到遗憾 I regret lending him so much money. He never paid me back. 我很后悔借给他那么多钱。他从来没 有还过我。 I regret to tell you that you failed the test. 我遗憾的告诉你你没有通过考试。

stop doing 停止做某事
stop to do sth 停下来去做某事 如:

Please stop talking loudly.
请不要大声说话。 They stopped to listen, but there was no more sound.

他们停下来一听,但已经没有什么声音了。

try doing 试着做某事 “做做看”之意 try to do sth 尽力去做某事 “想要努力去做”之意,但实际上有 没有做是另一回事。 Why not try doing it in some other way? 为什么不用其他办法试一试呢? I tried to solve the problem but I couldn’t. 我试图解答那个数学题,但我解不出。

mean to do sth 打算做某事 mean doing 意味着?? 如: Missing the bus means waiting for another hour. 赶不上那班巴士就要等一个小时。 I am sorry I hurt you, but I never meant to. 抱歉我伤害了你,但我本来没有这个意 思。

② 动词like, love, prefer,hate,后接不 定式或动词-ing形式作宾语均可。但 有一些细微的差别。如表示经常性、

习惯性的动作常用动词-ing形式,如
表示特定情况或具体动作则常用动词

不定式。如:

I like listening to music of this kind.
表示一般情况 I like to listen to this song this time. 表示特定情况 They prefer going to the beach in summer. 表示一般情况 They prefer to be alone now.

表示特定情况

注意:如果like, love, prefer前有 would/should 时,后面则接动词不定式。 如: I’d like to go swimming this weekend. 本周我愿意游泳。

I would love to meet your parents.
我想见你的父母。

③ begin, start, continue 后跟不定式和 动词-ing形式,通常没有差别。但在下 列三种情况下,其后需用动词不定式: A. 当begin/start 用于进行时时; B. 当begin/start的主语是物时; C. 当其后的动词为不可以用于进行时的

表示心理活动或精神状态的动词时。如:

④ need 表示“需要”,require表示 “要求”,want 表示“想要”时后面 接动词-ing形式或 to be done结构。 如: The house wants/needs/requires repairing. 相当于: The house wants/needs/requires to be repaired.

⑤ 有时动词-ing形式前面可有自己的
逻辑主语。(动名词的符合结构)如: Would you mind my/me/Lily/Lily’s sitting next to you? 你不介意我坐你旁边吧? Jack’s/His traveling around the earth in 80 days is unbelievable.

杰克在80天内周游全世界真是让人难
以置信。

We missed the 5:30 bus, which means waiting for another hour. 我们误了5:30的班车,这意味着还得等一 个小时。 I really enjoyed working on the farm. 我真的喜欢在农场干活。 She had finished listening to the news. 她听完了新闻。

③ begin, start, continue 后跟不定式和 动词-ing形式,通常没有差别。但在下 列三种情况下,其后需用动词不定式: A. 当begin/start 用于进行时时; B. 当begin/start的主语是物时; C. 当其后的动词为不可以用于进行时的

表示心理活动或精神状态的动词时。如:

? 1.I am beginning to know I was wrong. ? 2.The train starts to leave for Wuhan. ? 3.He began to realise that he I hurt her.

3. One learns a language by making mistakes and ______ them. A. correct C. corrects B. correcting D. to correct

4. She meant _____ but the look on your face suggested “No”. A. explaining C. explanation B. to explain D. to be explained

5. — When did you go to the States? — I remember _____ there when I was ten. A. having taken B. to be taken C. being taken D. to take 6. He is so busy that he can’t help _____ the classroom. A. cleaning B. to cleaning C. to clean D. cleaned

Exercise
1. In some parts of London, missing a bus means________ for another hour. A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting 2.The discovery of new evidence (证据) led to _______. A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught

7. — I have been knocking at the door,

but no one answers. — Why not ____ at the back door? A. try knocking B. try to knock C. to try knocking D. to try to knock 8. As a young man from a rich family, can you imagine ____ in such a small and dirty place? A. to work B. yourself to work C. working D. work

9. My uncle is considering ______ his heath. A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. to be improved 10. We should keep ________ English every day. A. to practise speaking B. practise speaking C. practising speaking D. practising to speak

11. He got well-prepared for the job

interview, for he couldn’t risk
_______ the good opportunity. A. to lose C. to be lost B. losing D. being lost

12. She was so angry that she felt like ______ something at him. A. to throw C. throwing B. to have thrown D. having thrown

13. Jean did not have time to go to the concert last night because she was busy ______ for her examination. A. to prepare C. preparing A. filling in B. to be prepared D. being prepared B. to fill in

14. The form needs ______ in ink. C. being filled in D. to be filled

15. Does your shirt require ______, sir? A. being pressed B. to press C. to be pressed D. to be pressing 16. That you gave him such a book to read meant _____. A. to waste his time B. wasting his time C. being wasted his time D. to be wasted his time

17. Mr Smith had meant ______ here

the next day, but he changed his mind.
A. leaving C. having left B. being left D. to leave

18. Smith enjoys ______ football on Sunday afternoon, doesn’t he? A. to be playing C. to play B. to playing D. playing

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