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2014春新目标八年级下册英语Unit10 I have had this bike for three years精品导学案


Unit 10 I have had this bike for th ree years.(第 1 课时)
Section A 1a-1c 一、学习目标:继续学习现在完成时的用法。 能力目标: 掌握如何表达现在完成时 重点词语: yard sale not?anymore give away sweet memory cent bring back 重点句子: How long have you had that bike over there? I have had it for three years ! 难 点: 学习现在完成时表示过去某一段时间已经开始一直持续到现在的动作或者状态。 二、预习导学 1. 根据音标学习新单词,并记住中文意思。 2.跟小组长读重点单词短语,并结对抽说中文意思。 3.小组讨论 1a 和 1b,1c. 三、课堂导学方案 1.疑问词组 how long 表示多久,多长,用于对时间的提问,常用 for +时间段或者 since+ 时间点来回答。例如:How long have you worked in Wuhan?—For six years. 你在武汉 工作多久了?六年了。 拓展:how soon 表示多久以后,常用于将来时的句子中,其答语为 in+时间段。如:How soon will Mr Zhou come back?---In a week.周先生多久以后回来?-一周以后。 以及 how often 表示多久一次,用于提问频率。其答语。。。。 2.for 与表示一段时间的词语连用,表示做某事多长时间了,常用于现在完成时。它所在的 句子中的动词是延续性动词。 3.have a yard sale 意思为举行庭院拍卖会 4.Because I don’t read it anymore.因为我不再看它了。Not?anymore (不再)多强调 次数或程度上不再增加,多与短暂动词连用。He is not a student anymore. 用所给词的适当形式填空: 1.I_______ already ________(see) the film. I ______(see) it last week. 2. “_______ he ________ (finish) his work today?” “Not yet.” 3. We (have) the car for two years. 4. I have learned how (ride) a horse. 5. Shanghai _______(be) a small towm hundreds of years ago. Now it _______(become) a large city. 6 .I _______(work) here here since I _____(move) here in 1993. 7. So far I ______ (make) quiet a few friends here. 8. How long ______ the Wang’s __________( stay) here

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四、合作探究,课堂练习 根据汉语意思完成句子,每空一词 1.我买这个背包已经有十多年了。 I the bag for ten years. 2.我的家正在进行庭院拍卖会。 My fanily is a 3.这部电影很无聊 ,我再也不看了。 The movie is very boring. I won’t watch it 4.旧东西能勾起我许多甜蜜的回忆。 Old things can many sweet memories. 5.我已经把我的我旧书都捐赠给了山里的孩子。 I have my old books to the kids in the village. 课后反思:

I have had this bike for three years.(第 2 课时) Section A 2a-2d 一、学习目标: 学习在文章中运用现在完成时。 能力目标:运用 for 和一段时间以及 since 和时间点的现在完成时。 重点单词:toy bear maker scarf soft check board 重点句子: Because I have had it since I was a baby. The story inside may be a bit old, but they’re still interesting. 难 点: 运用 have+pp. 二、预习导学 听录音,完成 2a,2d 的听力任务 放录音要求学生逐句跟读,并注意较真自己的发音。 模仿 2C 的对话形式利用上文的信息进行角色扮演和对话。 熟读 2d,并结对抽说中文意思。 三、课堂导学方案 1.Since 意思为自。。。以来,可做介词或者两次,后接时间名词或短语。引导时间状 语从句时,主句常用完成时态。如:She worked there since 1995.--自从 1995 年以来她就 在那里工作。

Unit 10

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注意: 1, since 引导的时间状语是一个时间点, 表示从某时开始, 如: since ten o’clock this morning 从上午十点起,而 for 引导的时间状语是一个时间段,表示已经多长时间了。 --She has waited there for two hours.她在那儿等了有 2 个小时了。 2. a bit 意思为稍微,有点儿,修饰形容词、副词还有它们的比较级或动词相当于 a little。修饰不可数名词时 a bit 需加上 of,而 a little 不用加。 四.合作探究,完成句子 1.Mr .Brown is the (make)of the food. 2.These (scarf) are Ann’s and Alice’s. 3.Ann has had the sweater since she (be) five years old. 4.He has skated for five years.(写出同义句) He has skated . 5.I have learnt English for two years.(对划线部分提问) you learnt English? 6.She started helping the kid three years ago.(对划线部分提问) she helping the kid? 7.He bought the scarf two tears ago.(写出同义句) He the scarf for two years. 8. They have ever been to an English-speaking country. (改为一般疑问句) ———— they ever _____to an English-speaking country? 9. We need to have a good rest. (改为否定句) We _______ ________ to have a good rest. 10. She has been a flight attendant for two years. (划线提问) _____ _____ ______ she _____ a flight attendant? 11. His father has been to America twice. (划线提问) _____ ______ _______ has his father _______ to Americ a? 12. Linda is taller than any other girl in her class. ( 改为同义句) Linda is _______ _______ girl in her class.

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Unit 10

I have had this bike for three years. (第 3 课时) Section A 3a-3c

一、学习目标: 能从阅读中获得个人物品的相关信息。 能力目标:现在完成时的运用尤其是 for 和 since。 重点词语: junior clear bedroom own railway part certain honest while truthful clear out no longer part with as for to be honest 重点句子:My children are growing fast. We have already cleared out a lot of things from. our bedrooms. We decided to each sell five things that we no longer bedrooms. My daughter was more understanding,although she also felt sad to part with certain toys. As for me, I have not played for a while now. do they want to do with the money from he sale? What

二、预习导学 1.根据音标学习新单词,并记住中文意思。 2.学生自读 3a 的内容,用正确的句子回答 3b 中的问题,邀请几个学生间答案书写在黑 板上,完成 3b 的任务。 3.学生完成 3C 任务,邀请几位学生说出自己找到的单词或者短语 三.课堂导学 1.掌握 grow up 成长,长大/decide (not)to do something 决定(不)做某事 2.no longer=not ...any longer 不再,强调时间上不再延续,常与表示状态的词或延 续动词连用。它往往放在行为动词之前,联系动词,情态动词或助动词之后。Lucy no longer works here.露西不再在这里工作。 We arew no longer young 我们不再年轻。 3.part with—离开, 分开。 它是固定短语, 表示放弃, 交出 (尤指舍不得的东西) , 把。 。 。 卖掉 4,certain 某种、某些、某事、某人在句中做定语,常与不定冠词 A 连用,可修饰单、 复数名词或抽象名词;还可做形容词确定的、无疑的:be certain to do sth 肯定做某事 be certain of\about sth 对某事确定、有把握 be certain of doing sth 有把握做某事 becertain +从句 一定。。。。 5.as for 至于 +名、代、动名词 to be honest 说实在的 做插入语 Do with 意思为处理,对付(某人,事),经常和 what 搭配使用 四 合作探究 : (一)根据汉语意思完成句子 1.她长大了想当一名教师。 He wants to be a teacher when he . 2.妈妈正在清理出一些旧衣服。 My mother is some old clothes. 3.失去一些玩具的他感到很难过。 He felt sad to some toys.

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4.说实在的,我不喜欢辣的食物。 ,I don’t like hot food. 5.她从 10 岁起就来这里了。 He has been here he ten years old.

(二)单项选择 1. My best friend Albert is honest boy. You ca believe him. A .a B . an C. the D. / 2.Did you borrow the comic book from the library? Yes, I it for three days. I will return it this afternoon. A.borrowed B.kept C.have borrowed D.have kept 3.The children decide their school yard this Friday afterboon. A.clean B.to clean C.cleaning D.cleaned 4.Where are you going for the coming winter camp? I won’t decide on the place the end of this month. A. through B.though C.unless D.until

课后反思:

Unit 10 一、学习目标:

I have had this bike for three years.(第 4 课时) Section A Grammar-4c

能力目标:牢固掌握含有 since/for 的现在完成时的用法。 重点词语:hometown 重点句子:Jim has been in Japan for three years. It is one of the oldest duildings in this small town. 难 点:现在完成时。 二、预习导学 1.学生自主朗读 grammmar focus 表格中的句子 2.完成 4a,4b 的任务,邀请学生读句子并说出自己的答案

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3.根据实际情况完成 4c 三.完成课本 4a 部分的练习,用含有 since 或 for 的现在完成时态改写句子。 1.Jim is in Japan.He arrived there three days ago.

2.They are very hungry.Their last meal was ten hours ago.

3.I have a camera. I bought it in 2009.

4.I know Anna. I first met her three years ago.

5.Linda is ill. She became ill on Monday. 四、课堂导学 :语法-现在完成时态 1.现在完成时时常和 for\since 引导的时间状语连用,表示从过去已经开始持续到现在的动 作或状态。这种用法中表示持续性的动作或状态的动词必须是延续性的动词。 2.延续动词与非延续动词: (1)延续动词表示能够延续的动作,如:learn, work stand lie know walk keep wait watch? 等,延续动词可以和表示时间段或时间点的时间状语连用 如:①for+时间段 ②since+时 间点 ③since+从句(过去时) ④since+ 一段时间+ago ⑤how long 等等 (2)非延续动词也称瞬间动词, 表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。如:open die close begin finish come go move borrow lend buy 等等它们可以和表示时间点的状 语连用。 五.当堂评价 (一)用 since 或 for 填空. 1.Mr Green has worked here 2005. 2.I have been here four months ago. 3.Great changes have taken place you left. 4.We’ve known each other 20 years. 5.I haven’t seen her a long time. (二) 单项选择 1.She this book for nearly three weeks. A .has borrowed B.has lent C .has bought D.has kept

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2.The volunteers a lot of help to the community for nearly ten years. A.offered B.will offer C.are offering D.have offered 3.My aunt is a writer. She more than ten books since 1980. A.writer B.wrote C.has written D.will write 课后反思:

Unit 10 I have had this bike for three years. (第 5 课时) Section B 1a—1d
一、学习目标:能用现在完成时谈论某地的变化 知识目标:1.学习一些新词汇:down the street , at least 2.重点句型:⑴--- What are some of the special plases there? Well,there is a concert hall there. ⑵ It is been around for at least 20 years. 二、预习导学 1.学生迅速阅读 1a 部分的内容,并按要求完成勾选任务。学生读出自己勾选的单词。 2.听录音完成 1b,1c.再次播放录音让学生逐句跟读。 3.学生自主谈论自己的家乡或城市,让学生展示他们的对话完成 1d. 三、自主学习方案 :写出下列各句的同义句 1.I left a few years ago. 2.The building has been around since hundreds of years. 3.It is my first time to see such a beautiful flower. 4.A really big park is behind the museum. 四、课堂导学 It is been around for at least 20 years.它在这附近至少 20 年了。 (一)Around 在此句中做副词,意思为(附近,在近处) (二)At least 意思为“至少” ,表示熟练或程度。 五、当堂评价 (一)单选题 1.My father on business for two weeks. He will return in three days. A.has beeb away B.left C.has left D.will leave 2.That one of buildings in this town. A.is; oldest B.are; oldest C.is; the oldest D.are; the oldest 3.The museum has only been here last August.

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A.for

B.since

C./

D.from

(二)句型转换 1.Paul has had the kite two years.(改为一般疑问句) Paul the kite for two years? 2.The cat died three days ago.(改为同义句) The cat for three days. 3.My city is lovely.(对划线部分提问) do you you city? 4.I have been here for three years.(对划线部分提问) have you been here? 5.I bought the radio two days ago.(改为同义句) I the radio for two days. (三)用所给动词的正确时态填空 1. I __________(finish)today’s homework already. What about you? 2. He ____________ just ____________(decide) to join the swimming club. 3. _______you ____________(see) Jack recently? ——No , I haven’ t. 4. How long ____________ you ____________(be) in class today? 5. How many English words ____________ they ____________(learn)? 6. He ___________ ever ___________ (be) to the History Museum several times. 7. — _____________ you ever ___________ (be) to the zoo? —Yes. I ____ (go) there last summer. I __ (see) many kinds of animals there. 8. —Where is Mr . Wang? —He _________ (go) to the library. He wants to borrow some library books. 【课后反思】

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Unit 10 I have had this bike for three years. (第 6 课时) Section B 2a—2b
学习目标:能用现在完成时态描述自己和周围生活的的变化。 重点单词:nowadays, search, among, crayon, shame, regard, count, century, oppsite, especilly, childhood, Consider, hold 重点短语:once or twice a week, according to, a symbol of , close to 学习步骤 一.自主学习方案 根据句意和提示完成单词 1.The policemen went to the ferest to (搜索) for the missing boy. 2.Can I use your (彩色铅笔)? I left mine at home. OK. Here you are. 3.The bank is on the (对面的) side of the street. 4.Why not (考虑) visiting Paris when you are free? 5.I like different kinds of fruits, (尤其)watermolens. 二.预习导学 1. 学生自主学习教材 P78 的单词,看谁记得又快又多。 2. 就 2a 中的问题展开小组讨论,鼓励学生尽量多的学生说出自己的答案。 3. 学生快速浏览课文,找到课文中与所给词语的同义词。 4. 学生读第二遍课文,结合课文内容完成 2b 的任务。 5. 播放录音,进行分段朗读并注意纠正学生的发音。 三.课堂导学 1. 46-year-old 是一个复合形容词,在句中做定语。这种形容词有两个特点:一是数词、名 词、 形容词之间要用连字符连接, 二是数词后的名词用单数形式。 如: Tom is a 10-year-old boy. 2. it is a shame to do something 做某事是羞耻的。 3. regarde 做动词,意为看待,把。 。 。 。当作,常和表示程度的副词或 with 短语连用 regarde?..as 将。 。 。视为;把。 。 。 。当作 4. oppsite 做介词 across from 四.当堂评价 写单词完成句子 1.Jay Chou is a famous singer and he is popular a young people. 2.I always r you as my best friend. 3.Let’s c down together: ten, nine, eight, seven? 4.He was a famous writer in the 19th c 5.He won five m of dollars in the competion.

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Unit 10 I have had this bike for three years. (第 7 课时) Section B 2c-2d
学习目标:能用现在完成时态描述自己和周围生活的的变化。 重点单词:nowadays, search, among, crayon, shame, regard, count, century, oppsite, especilly, childhood, Consider, hold 重点短语:once or twice a week, according to, a symbol of , close to 学习步骤 一.自主学习方案 根据句意和提示完成单词 1.The policemen went to the ferest to (搜索) for the missing boy. 2.Can I use your (彩色铅笔)? I left mine at home. OK. Here you are. 3.The bank is on the (对面的) side of the street. 4.Why not (考虑) visiting Paris when you are free? 5.I like different kinds of fruits, (尤其) watermolens. 二.预习导学 6. 学生自主学习教材 P78-79 的单词,看谁记得又快又多。 7. 就 2a 展开小组讨论,鼓励学生尽量多的说出自己的掌握单词或者词条和句子表达。 8. 学生读第二遍课文,结合课文内容完成 2c 的任务。 9. 播放录音,进行分段朗读并注意纠正学生的发音;就. 2d 中的问题进行思考。 三.课堂导学(2C) Many Chinese people these days leave their to work in the . They usually to their hometowns one or two times a . Zhong Wei hasn’t been back in close to three years. He has been working in a factory in Wenzhou for the past 13 years. People like him are in how their hometowns are changing New buildings are often built by the . Zhong Wei thinks these changes are because things need to change in order to become better. But he also thinks some things change, and his hometown is still the place that holds all his childhood . 四.当堂评价 写单词完成句子 1.Jay Chou is a famous singer and he is popular a young people. 2.I always r you as my best friend. 3.Let’s c down together: ten, nine, eight, seven? 4.He was a famous writer in the 19th c 5.He won five m of dollars in the competion.

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Unit 10 I have had this bike for three years. (第 8 课时) Section B 3a-3b/Self Check
学习目标: 巩固现在完成时的用法, 能够写一篇短文介绍自己从童年起保留至今的意见物品, 讲述其中的一段故事或者回忆。 重点短语:write a letter ride a bike see a movie play computer games so far 重点句型:Everyone is so friendly, Have you been to the US before, Li Juan? 课前预习:用适当的词语填空补全对话。 A: Hey Eric, you enjoyed your time in Beijing so far? B: Yes, it been great! Everyone is so friendly. A: How long you been in China now? B: Oh, I here for about two years now. A: Wow, that means you haven’t back to the US for two years? B: No, I been back twice after moving to China. you been to the US before, Li Juan? A: Yes, I went there once when I 10 years old, but I not been back then.. 预习导学 1. 学生自主完成 3a 的任务,根据 3b 中的提示内容写作文,叫两名同学上黑板展示,然后全 班同学帮助修改。再让写得好的同学向全班朗读自己的作文。 2. 指导学生的写作技巧。 3. 完成 Self Check 中的两个任务,结对练习句子和对话。 课堂导学 Have you been to the US before, Li Juan? 李娟,你以前去过美国吗? before 在此做副词,意思为“先前,以前” 辨析 before 与 ago before 与 ago 都可以做副词,与时间段连用,表示“。 。 。 。之前” ,但它们的用法有所不同。 (1) before 可以单独使用,且与一般过去时或完成时连用,表示“不明确的以前” ,而 ago 不能单独使用。如:I have never seen him before. I told you before. (2) “时间段+ before”表示从过去某时候起若干时间以前,常与过去完成时态连用。 “时 间段+ago”表示从说话时刻起算起的若干时间以前,常用于一般过去时。 (3) Before 可用作介词,后接时间点,也可做连词,引导时间状语从句。而 ago 不能用作 介词和连词。 当堂评价 用 before 或 ago 填空 1. I will let you know I leave school. 2. He finished the work five days . 3. He often went to the park . 4. We saw the film two months . 5. When we finally got there, the team had left an hour .

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