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Book 8


牛津高中英语
(模块八 · 高二下学期)

M8 Unit3

Word power Paintings

Aims: 1. Get to know different types of painting materials & different tools for doing pictures. 2. Give examples of different pictures done with different painting materials.

Rainbow Song
Red and yellow and pink and green, Orange and purple and blue. I can sing a rainbow; sing a rainbow, Sing a rainbow song.

What other colors do you know?

green

purple

yellow red orange

blue

Read Part A on Page 38

1. What are two main types of painting? 2. How can they be done? 3. Styles of painting?

watercolour
done with colours mixed with water

Two main types of painting

The paint can be put on the paper very lightly to give a wash or a thin layer of the paint.

oil painting
done with colours mixed with oil

The paint is very thick and it is to build up layer on layer on a canvas (画布).

pictures for people
—portrait (肖像画)

pictures of nature popular in China and in the West

—landscape(风景画)

pictures for objects such as fruit and flowers —still life (静物画)

water color oil painting

portrait landscape still life

Part B
What painting materials a painter may use?

6

watercolor 2 3 pencils paint brushes 7

palette 5 [5pAlit]

canvas [5kAnv Es] easel 1 [5i: zl]

4
oil paints

Part C
Li Ming has decided to take up painting as a hobby. He found some advice on the Internet about starting to paint. Some of the words did not print out properly. Use the words from Parts A and B to complete it.

(1) watercolours (2) oils (3) paintbrushes (4) pencils (5) paper (6) oil paints (7) portrait (8) still life

Turn to page 39 and finish part D.

1 rose

2 cherry
3 lemon 4 olive green

5 sea green
6 chocolate

Many colours have different shades, like light blue and dark blue. Often the names of these shades are the same as the objects that are of a similar colour. plum 杨李色 peachpuff 桃色 rosybrown 褐玫瑰红 pansy 紫罗兰色 papayawhip 番木色 springgreen 春绿色

Look at the following words and guess the colours below.

1. sandybrown 2. seagreen 3. seashell 4. winered 5. silver 6. snow 7. skyblue 8. steelblue 9. tomato 10. wheat

沙褐色 海绿色 海贝色 葡萄酒红 银白色 雪白色 天蓝色 钢蓝色 番茄色 浅黄色

Language Focus

1. The paint is very thick. The secret to oil painting is to build up layer on layer on a canvas.
1) 积聚; 聚集 Traffic is building up along the roads to the coast. One day your books will build up into a library. 2) 增进;加强: 发展体育运动, 增强人民体质。 Promote physical culture and build up the people’s health 艰苦的工作条件能磨练人的性格。 Hard working conditions build up character. (喻) 增强体力 to build up one’s strength 我们的生意兴隆。 We are building up a good business.

The village has been ____ since I lived here.

A. built up B. built on C. built in D. built into

2. A soft eraser will also be useful in case you want to make changes. 以防万一, 免得
in case 作短语连词,能引导状语从句; in case作 副词性短语,常置于句末。 in case of 置于句末常看作目的状语,作“以免, 以防”解;置于句首常视为条件状语,作 “如果,万一”解。
1) The wall was built along the river in case of floods. 2) You should keep a first-aid kit in the car in case of accident. 3) 万一有火灾, 就拨119. In case of fire, call 119. 4) 你最好带点钱, 以防万一 You had better carry some money in case.

in the case of 就??来说, 关于 in any case 无论如何 in no case 决不 in this/that case 在这种/那种情况下
1. John may phone tonight. I don’t want to go out ____ he phones.(NMET 2000,春季) A. as long as B. in order that C. in case D. so that 2. I should stay in the hotel all day _____ there is news of the missing child.(NMET 2000上海春季) A. in case B. no matter C. in any case D. even since 3. I don’t think I’ll need any money but I’ll bring some ____ .(NMET 2000) A. at last B. in case C. once again D. in time


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