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非谓语动词的 9 种形式


非谓语动词

非谓语动词的 9 种形式
have been done to do to do to be done to have done to have been done -ing doing being done have done having having been done be done

一般式 主动 被动

完成式 have done 被动 主动

done done
17

-ing作状语 作状语
(与谓语比 与谓语比) 与谓语比 时间先后 同时 (基本同时 基本同时) 基本同时 同时 之前 之前 (和主语 和主语) 和主语 主被动 主动 被动 主动 被动

doing being done having done having been done

51

★必背 make,、 have+do(省略了 使役动词 make, 、 let 、 have+do( 省略了 to), to),但是被动语态时要还原

eg. They were made to run for 10 miles. 感官动词 see/ watch/hear/feel +do(一般现在和一般过去 一般现在和一般过去, 1: +do(一般现在和一般过去,不强调正在 进行都可用) 进行都可用) I saw the boys fight with each other yesterday. yesterday. 被动态时需要还原“to” PS: 被动态时需要还原“to” The boys were seen to fight with each other yesterday. 强调正在进行) 2: +doing (强调正在进行) The girl reported seeing a beautiful bird flying toward the window. 判定题目是否考察非谓语

非谓语动词题目三步走: 非谓语动词题目三步走:
是否已存在另一个动作( 是否已存在另一个动作(不管前 面还是后面) 面还是后面) 主被动关系 时间先后顺序

14

◆习题 ◆

She reached the top of the hill and rock stopped on a big rock to see the rising sun. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. Well, now I regret _ that. A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done very They knew her very well. They had seen her _ up from childhood. A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow I’ve heard him _ about you often. A. talked B. talks C. talk D. to talk If you think that treating a woman well means always _ her permission for things, 湖南) think again. (06 湖南) A. gets B. got C. to get D. getting

He walked down the hills, _ softly to himself。 himself。

( 也可以理解为下山的同时正在哼歌,故 也可以理解为下山的同时正在哼歌 , 用 ing,此法最常用常考) ing,此法最常用常考)
sing A. sing B. sings C. singing D. was singing He walked down the hills, and _ softly to himself. A. sing B. sings C. singing D. was singing Stop running and you will feel your heart _ faster than ever. A. beat B. beating C. beaten D. was beating Everyone was _____ by the ______ story. (move) He was _______ with the ________ person. (annoy) Did you enjoy yourself at the party? I’ Yes. I’ve never been to _ one before. 四川) (06 四川) A. a more excited

B. the most excited C. a more exciting D. the most exciting The problems _ at the meeting tomorrow are really hard to solve. A. discussed B. to discuss C. to be discussed D. discussing The flowers __ sweet in the garden attract the visitors to the beauty of 上海) nature. (2004 上海) A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt Mr. Green stood up in defense of the 16-year16-year-old boy, saying that he was 安徽) not the one __. (2006 安徽) A. blamed B. blaming blamed C. to blame D. to be blamed 主动表被动: 主动表被动: 感官动词 smell/sound/taste... blame/worth/worthy/worthwhile (松鼠 松鼠) The squirrel ( 松鼠) was lucky that it just missed _.

A. catching B. to be caught C. being caught D. to catch Police are now searching for a woman who hit is reported to _ since the flood hit the 山东) area last Friday. (06 山东) A. have been missing B. have got lost C. be missing D. get lost The news reporters hurried to the airport, only _ the film stars had 福建) left. (04 福建) A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told _ the letter, he went out to post it. A. Writing B. Being written

C. Having written D. Written _ full preparations, we decided to put off the meeting till next week. A. We had not made B. Having not made

C. Not made D. Not having made _ in a red skirt in the opening ceremony of the 2008 Olympic Games, the little girl Lin Miaoke won the hearts of the people all over the world. A. Dressed B. Worn C. Dressing D. Wearing The discovery of new evidence led to _. A. the thief having caught thief B. catch the thief thief’ C. the thief’s being caught D. the thief to be caught __ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended president’ D. The president’s attending


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