1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
惊恐的人们 预留的座位 被污染的水 拥挤的教室 打碎的花瓶 关了的门 疲惫的观众
shed people reserved seats polluted water a crowded room a broken vase a closed door the tired audience
I bought some painted chairs. This is one of the schools built in 1980s. Most of the people invited to the party did not come. 单个过去分词作定语，常放在被修饰词的前面;过去分词短语作定语，常放在被 修饰词的后面,它的作用相当于一个定语从句。 现在分词和过去分词做定语，有何区别呢？ 1. Will you attend the meeting ________on Saturday? 还没发生的动作 A. held B. being held C. to be held D. hold 2. The woman ____a lesson is our teacher. 正在发生的动作，表主动 A. giving B. given C. to give D. give The Olympic Games,___ in 776 B.C. did not include women players until 1912. A. first played B. to be first played C. first playing D. to be first playing ①过去分词做定语：表被动，表完成。 ②现在分词作定语：表主动，表进行。 ③不定式作定语：表示将要发生的动作。
【1】不及物动词的过去分词也可作定语，一般作前置定语，只表完成，不表示被动。如： fallen leaves 落叶；retired workers 退休工人；the risen sun 升起的太阳。 【2】过去分词修饰代词是，应置于被修饰词之后。 ? 如果被修饰的词是由 every / some / any / no + thing / body / one 所构成的复合代词 或指示代词 those 或 these 等时，即使是单一的过去分词作定语，也要放在被修饰词 的后面。如： ? ? ? ? ? ? There is nothing changed here since I left this town. He is one of those invited. Falling leaves 正在飘的落叶 Fallen leaves 已经落在地上的落叶 Disappointing news 令人失望的消息 Disappointed people 感到失望的人们 Exciting story 激动人心的故事 Excited people 感到激动的人们 Tired people/ I’m tired 累了的人/我感到累了 Tiring film 使人觉得无聊的电影
1） .过去分词放在连系动词 be,get,feel,turn,remain,seem,look,become 等之后做表 语，表示主语所处的状态。 2）be+过去分词”表状态时，是系表结构，分词已形容词化；表被动时,强调动 作常加 by.
① The glass was broken. The glass was broken by Tom. ② The windows are closed. The windows are closed by Jack. 状态 动作 状态 动作
3）与感觉有关的及物动词，其现在分词表示主动意义“令人有某种感觉的”多 用 来 修 饰 物 exciting,astonishing,delighting,disappointing,encouraging,interesting,frightening,mov ing,pleasing,tiring,shocking,satisfying,puzzling 等） ；其过去分词表被动意义“人被 引起某种感觉的”多用来指人，人的声音，或表情等。 ( 如 :interested, excited, frightened, shocked 等)。
She was very disappointed to hear the result. He’s quite experienced in teaching beginners. 短语积累
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
be prepared to do 准备好做某事 be interested in doing/sth 对…感兴趣（习惯） be interested to do 对…感兴趣（一次性） be worried about 担心… be concerned about 关心… be absorbed in doing/sth 专注于… defeated enemy 被打败的敌人 a boy named/called Bill 一个叫 Bill 的男孩 cracked/broken window 打碎的窗户/玻璃
Cleaning women in big cities usually get ________by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 该题考查分词作表语的用法。“to pay sb. by the hour” 计时给某人报酬。此题被动结构作表 语。类似的有：get burnt, get hurt , get wounded. What he has done is really ____. Now his parents are _____ him. A. disappointed; disappointed at B. disappointing; disappointed about C. disappointing; disappointed with D. disappointed; disappointing by The flowers _______ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt 解析：答案 B。此处为现在分词作定语，修饰 flowers。smell 为系动词，不能用于被动语态， 相当于 which/that smells sweet。