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module1 small talk introduction and cultrual corner.


MODULE 1 SMALL TALK
Period 1 Introduction Culture corner

What are the features of small talk? features?

Place it happens?

Introduction1 ---read the di

ctionary definitions of small talk and find out : Some adjectives(形容词) to describe small talk(P1,books):

What are the features of small talk? features Informal informal unimportant light polite friendly ordinary social…

Place it happens?

In which photo do you think they are making small talk?

A.

B.

at a political meeting

at home

In which photo do you think they are making small talk?

C.

D.

In which photo do you think they are making small talk?

E.

F.

business meeting

cafe

What are the features of small talk? features Informal informal unimportant polite friendly light ordinary matter …

Place it happens

Informal places

party Kara OK trip playground café cinema park bus stop restaurant …

Activity 2 Look at the conversation topics below and answer the questions.

careers sport travel weather food cars examinations film stars music politics ideal Which of the topics do you like talking about with your friends? Which of them do you talk about with your parents?

Activity 2 Look at the conversation topics below and answer the questions.

careers sport travel weather food cars examinations film stars music politics ideal Which of them do you like talking about with your teacher? Which of them do you never talk about?

Activity 2 Look at the conversation topics below and answer the questions.

careers sport travel weather food cars examinations film stars music politics ideal
If you talk about these topics, is the conversation serious or small talk?

careers cars examinations film star music politics sport travel weather food
film stars, music, sport, travel, food, weather

careers, politics, examinations
serious talk

small talk

重点词汇
1. Small talk 聊天, 闲谈 聊天在我们日常生活中非常重要。
Small talk is very important in our daily life.

big talk大话 back talk 顶嘴 an empty talk 空谈

? 1.definition n. ? 1)(词语等的)释义;定义;(轮廓等的)清

晰程度
? ①He is good at giving definitions.

? 知识拓展
? define sth. as sth.

? 1.definition n. ? 1)(词语等的)释义;定义;

? ①He is good at giving definitions.
? 知识拓展 ? define sth. as sth. 给??下定义为??;
把??定义为??

Language points
1.small talk big talk back talk an empty talk 2.Informal conversation 3. Which definitions refer to places where small talk might take place. 4.refer to a dictionary 5. refer to the boy as his son. 6. You must take your studies seriously 7. The storm did serious damage to the village.

? ?refer to the dictionary ?查词典 2)比较? ?look up a word in the dictionary ? ?在词典中查单词

? 注意: ? 1)refer to中,to是介词,后接名词、代词或 动名词作宾语,不可接不定式。

Review : 1.What are the features of small talk? 2.Where do you think we can make small talk? 3. What are the topics of small talk?

4. Do you know how to make a successful small talk?

Cultural corner

Do you know how to make small talk?

Cultural Corner The AAA P.9

Read the passage quickly and answer:
1. what’s the function of small talk? To establish a relationship between strangers. 2. How does the AAA model work?

The speakers answer the question, add a piece of information, and then ask a question.

3. What does the AAA stand for? AAA= answer, add and ask.

4. When does the AAA model work?
When two people don’t know each other very well, or don’t know each other at all, they can use AAA model.

True (T) or False (F). 1. Small talk plays a great role in Englishmen’s daily life. 3. Two strangers make small talk because they want to break the silence. 4. In small talk, one person usually doesn’t ask the other person which city he lives in.

Work in pairs. Make a conversation with your partner, using the AAA model.

Language points
1. It is estimated that 80% of all

conversation in English is small talk.
It is estimated that…据估计…… it为形式主语, 真正的主语是that引导 的从句

e.g. It is estimated that the project will cost 2,000 dollars.

类似的结构还有: It is said that… 据说… It is known that… 众所周知… It is thought that… 人们认为… It is believed that… 人们相信… It is hoped that… 人们希望… It is reported that… 据报道… It is suggested that… 人们建议…

1. 人们希望中国队赢得这场比赛。 It is hoped that the Chinese team will win the game. 2. 人们建议召开会议来讨论这些问题。 It is suggested that a meeting should be held to discuss the problems. 3. 人们相信这项发明将造福于人类。 It is believed that the invention will benefit the world.

2. Imagine a situation

two

strangers are talking to each other after someone( they both know) has left the room.

e.g. 1. He has got himself into a dangerous situation plane. he is likely to lose control over the

2. I can think of many cases

students

knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good

essay.

3. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point he

can walk correctly and safely.

where引导的定语从句, situation是先 行词. situation, case, point, internet, stage等 表示抽象地点的词作先行词时, 如果定 语从句不缺少主要成分, 一般要用关系 词where来引导。

? The chemical formula for water is H2O. ? His father is acting on his formula . ? a peace formula

? Psychologists say the most successful formula for small talk between people is the AAA model.

The sentence you should remember

? It is estimated that 80% of all conversation in English is small talk. ? A very important function of talk is to establish a relationship between people who don’t know each other very well. ? Imagine a situation where two strangers are talking to each other.

? Psychologists say the most successful formula for small talk between people is the AAA model.

? The second person replies by answering the question ,adding some extra information and the asking another question. ? The thing they both want to avoid is an embarrassing silence. ? Because they used this very useful social technique ,they found something they have in common at last.

Useful expressions In The AAA ? ? ? ? ? ? ? It is estimated that… establish a relationship avoid (doing) sth an embarrassing silence in this way social technique have something in common ? at last ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 据估计…… 建立关系 避免(做)某事 尴尬的沉默 用这种方法 社交技巧 有共同点

? 最后

1. It’s estimated ________ that there are only 1,000 blue whales left. 据估计,全世界只剩下1,000头蓝鲸。 2. To survive in the society, you have to ________ establish a good relationship between people. 要想在社会上生存,你必须建立良好的人际 关系。 3. The formula ________ for ___ water is H2O. 水分子式是H2O。

4. I can’t ________ imagine that he comes here just purpose of getting his money back. for the _________ 我不敢想象他来这里的目的仅仅是取回他的 钱。 5. All they want to avoid is the ____________ atmosphere embarrassing __________. 他们想回避的是那令人尴尬的气氛。 6. __ _____ At last the ally landed on the Omaha successfully Beach _______________. 终于, 盟军成功地在奥马哈海滩登陆了。

Reading

How Good Are Your Social Skills?

Read the title and the subtitles
? How good are your social skills? ① learn how to do small talk ② develop your listening skills. ③Do….. ④Don’t….. ⑤learn the rules. Get the main idea.

Read the text quickly and complete
its main idea.

________________ Good social skills help you
communicate well and know how to have a(n) ____________ conversation . A few ideas are offered to help you.

What kind of book it is from. Choose from the list. 1. an English teaching book
2. a business course

3. a book which tells you what to do at social events
4. a book to help you prepare for a speaking examination

scanning
Try to find the main idea of each part:
Part1 (pra.1-2) Part2 (pra. 3) Part3 (pra.4-7) Part4 (pra. 8) How to do small talk Dos and don’ts while listening Introduction to the body of the passage by asking questions The social rules

Ex 3 Read the passage again and answer the questions.
? According to the article, should people plan what they’re going to say at parties? ? What do people think about those who talk too much? ? Describe two things you shouldn’t do in a conversation. ? Why is it a good idea to nod and smile when the other person is talking? ? What does the quotation from Benjamin Disraele tell you about people?

Read para 1 to find how many situations the author refers to.

Situations
Cross the road Go to a party Avoid talking to a friend Can not talk confidently with guests

Make new friends with strangers
At a social event in another country

Lack the Confidence to talk
Being nervous

Read para 2 to find the key to these situations you may face.

? Have you ever crossed the road to avoid talking to someone you recognise. ? Talk confidently to every guest. ? Lack the confidence to talk to people you don’t know. ? You are nervous about the idea of being at a social event in another country.

? People with good social skills communicate well. ? It helps if you do a little advance planning.

1
How do you make small talk when you greet to people or make new friends?

Part 2 Tip 1 Learn how to do small talk
1. What shall we do before making a good small talk, according to Tip 1? We’d better be prepared and have some lowrisk conversation openers ready. 2.Choose the right options as low-risk conversation openers. 1. studies 2. a film star 3. religion Low-risk 4. a football match conversation 5. politics openers 6. music 7. hairstyle 8. marriage

?. ? Small talk prepares you for more serious conservation. ? Have some low-risk conversation openers ready.
? Think of things to tell people about your studies

2
Are you good at listening to other people speaking?

? Listening is a skill which most people lack. ? Communication is a two-way process ---it involves listening and speaking. ? You can’t impress people if you talk too much.

? Show that you are listening by using encouraging noises and gestures. ? Keep good eye contact. ? Use positive body language. ? Ask for more information to show your interest.

2.Acording to the passage fill in the blanks.
Dos Don’ts

your watch encouraging Use ___________ Look at __________. noises and gestures. _____ Yawn . good eye contact Sigh Keep _____________. ______. Change the subject. Look away from the person Use positive ____________ body language ____________. who’s talking to you. Ask for more information ______ __________________ Finish other people’s to show your interest. sentences for them .

Learn some Social rules

Do in Rome as Rome does
Arrive on time at a party in other countries; You need to know how long you should stay and when to leave; Prepare small gifts for your host if necessary…

? Look away from the person who is talking to you. ? If you go to a social occasion in another country ,remember social rules can be different. ? Arrive on time. In addition ,you should know how long you should stay. ? In most places ,you don’t have to take a gift to a party --- but find out first.

1. lack v. 缺乏, 缺少 lack…. = lack for….. 缺乏…缺少…. e.g. She lacks the experience e.g. You are so rich that you lack for nothing. n. 欠缺, 不足 lack of… = a lack of…. 缺… e.g. lack of rest = a lack of rest for lack of … 因为缺少… e.g. He has to beg for lack of money. (for a lack of money) no lack of …. …充足 e.g. We have no lack of water here.

2. advance adj. 预先的, 在前的 e.g. Advance warning 预先警报 a advance ticket 预售票 advance n. 提前 in advance 事先, 提前 in advance of… 在…前面, 超过… advance v. 行进, 推进 e.g. Our soldiers is advancing toward the enemy base. *** advanced adj. 高级的. 先进的 e.g. An advanced country. Advanced ideas The advanced English 高级英语

3. think of 想, 回忆起 e.g. I think hard but I think of nothing. think of 认为, 认定 think of sb. as … 把某人看作… e.g. I think of him as a hardworking guy. think of 评价, 考虑 e.g. What do you think of it ? think highly/much of … 高度评介…很看重… think nothing/ little of… 认为…没什么,不重视… think about 思考. think over 反复思考, 熟虑 think out 想出

4. In addition , = in addition to …. It was a cold windy day. In addition , we lacked the money to buy the ticket. It was a cold windy day. In addition to that , we lacked the money to buy the ticket except besides= in addition, = in addition to … except for = with the exception of….

5.

apply for the job/position 申请….. apply to sb./the company 向…申请 apply to sb for sth. 向某人申请… apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致志于….
e.g. Don’t apply yourself to playing computer games

social skills 1.社交技能 cross the road 2.过马路 avoid doing sth 3.避免做某事 4.交更多的朋友 make more friends 5.缺乏自信 lack confidence 6.对……感到焦虑害怕 be nervous about at a social event 7.在社交场合 have a conversation 8.交谈、谈话 do a little advance planning 9.提前做好计划 do small talk 10.进行闲聊 11.使你为…做好准备 prepare you for sth 12.准备几句不出错的开场白 have some low-risk conversation openers ready

13.做好准备 have/get/make sth ready think of 14.想起 回忆起 15.伤害某人的自信damage sb’s confidence 16.一个双向的过程 a two-way process 17.使你成为更好的倾听者 make you a better listeners 18.得体的眼神交流 keep good eye contact use positive body languang 19.使用积极肯定的体态语言 ask for more information 20.询问更多的信息 21.把目光从某人身上移开look away from sb social rules 22.社交规则 in addition 23.除此之外 另外 24.某种颜色的花flowers of a certain colour take a gift 25.带礼物 find out 26.了解到 查明

Module 1
The Wrong Kind of Small Talk

Teaching aims:
1.Learn some new words
2.Improve the ability of skimming and grasp the key words and topic sentences 3.Learn the basic rules of small talk and the different culture between the east and the west.

? What was the real reason for your absence . ? We are in the absence of experience . ? He had a complete absence of small talk. ? Food supplies . ? They will supply you with natural gas. ? medical supplies. ? business supplies.

? The most outspoken human being ? As a consequence ? a systematic approach to solving the problem . ? The way he works isn't very systematic. ? Make systematic mistakes. ? mature adult ? mature women ? It's a little awkward, because he's my husband but I'm still his boss . ? He walked with an awkward step like a penguin .

? Marian teased George about his big glasses. ? He teased the dog by pulling its tail. ? The reports contradict each other . ? All evening her husband contradicted everything she said . ? con?tra?dict :to say that sth that sb else has said is wrong ? She looked cautiously around and then walked away from the house.

? Be cautious in doing such a matter! She was never cautious about others’ feeling. – An acquaintance is someone who you have met and know slightly, but not well. – We're already acquainted. – Tom's notes are very messy . – It is a major operation. It is a very messy operation . – In a mess

? She and I both arrived at the same time by pure coincidence . ? He made a name for himself in science, but he remained modest . ? A modest house or other building is not large or expensive. ? Never be discouraged with life . ? Teachers should discourage students from smoking and drinking.

? Today's our wedding anniversary.

Revise the words Look at the new words in the box.

absence acquaintance anniversary
apology awkward brunch cautious clerk

customer fax firm fool haircut hostess
human being interrupt mature messy

motto outspoken pregnant saleswoman
shortcoming tease typist

Find words for: 1. a place of work firm 2. thing you say or write apology motto 3. a physical state pregnant

4. people or jobs acquaintance clerk customer fool hostess human being saleswoman typist

5. personal characteristics/appearance awkward cautious mature messy outspoken 6. meal brunch

Finish activity 5 on page92

The Wrong Kind of Small Talk
? Q: What kind of small talk can be called the wrong kind?
? The one that make others embarrassed / angry / upset

find sentences about her characteristics /shortcomings)
outspoken

1-2

as a consequence

the ______kind of wrong small talk
never learn____________ basic rules

made systematic mistakes

it was no coincidence that
She wasn’t a good saleswoman.

of social communication

? A firm of fax machines and business supplies. ? She was the most outspoken human being. ? Her motto was every time I open my mouth, I put my foot in it. ? Her major shortcoming was she had a complete absence of small talk. ? As a consequence, she made systematic mistakes.

? It was no coincidence either that she wasn’t a very good saleswoman. ? As a consequence, she made systematic mistakes.

Q1: How many examples are given to show Esther's character? a customer a typist a salesman a clerk a writter a young man an old friend

seven.

Esther

Dialogue 1

Esther: Nice to meet you. How old are you ? Customer: ... E: Forty? Forty-five? You look much older. And your friend... she's older than you, but she looks much younger.

3-5
1. Why did the customer look awkward? Because she didn’t want to say her age.

2.If you were Esther, you met your old customer, what should you say to her? You look nice in this red coat.
A nice haircut, isn’t it? …

?A mature woman ?The customer looked awkward.

Dialogue 2

Esther: Hey! When's your baby due? Typist: Actually, I'm not pregnant. E: Oh, sorry, Just putting on a little weight, huh?

6-8
1.Guess the meaning of ―when is your baby due?‖

2.Did Esther really feel sorry when she knew the typist wasn’t pregnant? No. Without any apology

? She teased a typist. ? When’s your baby due. ? The typist went red and contradicted her: actually, I’m not pregnant. ? She said without any apology: just putting some weight?

Dialogue 3

Esther: Forget her! She was a complete fool. No one liked her anyway. Salesman: ...

Find out more author's judgement on Esther. 1.Esther was never cautious about other people's feelings. 2. Much of the time, Esther said the first thing to come into her head. 3.The trouble with Esther was she said what she thought and didn't think about what she said.

9-10
1. What happened to the salesman?
He was going through a very messy divorce and was very depressed. 2. What was her mistake?

She was never cautious about other people’s feelings.

? She was never cautious about others’ feeling. ? One of her acquaintances was going through a very messy divorce and was very depressed. She tried to cheer her up. ? She was a complete fool. No one liked her anyhow.

Dialogue 4

Esther: Nice haircut, How much did it cost? Clerk: I'd rather not say. E: Well, anyhow, either you paid too much or you paid too little.

? I’d rather not say. ? I’d rather I (be) you. ? I’d rather I (tell) you the truth. anyhow, either you paid too much or you paid too little.

Dialogue 5

Hey, what a coincidence! You're writting a book and I'm reading one!
Esther:

你在写一本书,而我恰恰也在读一本。 The book you are writing is similar to the one I’m reading. Maybe you’re copying…

? What a coincidence.

Youngman:I guess the company chose me so they'd get some peace in the office. Esther: No, I guess they chose you to discourage you from spending your whole career with us.
discourage sb from doing sth 劝阻某人做某事 ; 打消某人做某事的念头 ...

Dialogue 6

? A young man tried to be modest about his new job many miles away. ? They chose you to discourage you from spending your whole career with us.

Dialogue 7

Esther: Do you remember that guy you were dating? Friend: What happened to him? Esther: You know, the ugly one. Friend: Esther, I'd like you to meet my husband. Charles, this is... Esther: Hey, so you married him.

? She met some old friends on the anniversary of their graduation. ? Do you remember the guy you were dating. ? A man came up and stood by her friend. ? She interrupted her.

Which mistake did she make? She shouldn’t talk about other people’s private matters, using very unpleasant words.

Para 1

1.传真机 2.商业用品 3.最直言不讳的人

fax machines business supplies

the most outspoken human being at least 4.至少
5.每当我张口,就会讲错话。

She put her foot in it (she said something embarrassing).

1.What did Esther often do when she spoke to others?

Every time I open my mouth,I put my foot in it.

Para 2 1.完全缺乏闲聊 have a complete absence of small talk 2.基本的社交规则 the basic rules of social communication 3.因此 结果 as a consequence 4.经常犯错make systematic mistakes

What do you think are “the basic rules of social communication”? To be polite and not to embarrass people.

Para 3 1.一个成熟的女性 a mature woman look awkward 2.看起来尴尬 on another occasion 3.在另一场合 went red 4.变红 put on weight 5.增加体重 be cautious about 6.对…谨慎 go through 7.经历 8.对…感到沮丧 be depressed 9.使高兴/振作起来 cheer sb up 10. 第一件进入脑海的事情 the first thing to come into her head 11.在上班 at work

Last Para 1.某人的问题是… the trouble with sb is that be modest about 2.对…谦虚 3.阻止…做… discourage sb from doing 4.在某人毕业的周年纪念日

on the anniversay of sb’s graduation

Period 2
Module1 Small Talk Grammar Function

Function-1 Brainstorming (3ms)
Discussion
As a student of Senior Two,what do you think: 1. students have to do at school? 2. you must do at school? 3. you musn’t do at school?

Finish the exercise in the Activity 1, page 4.
Answers: 1. A

2. B 3. A

Finish the exercise in the Activity 3, page 5.
Answers: 1. A 2. B

Finish the exercise in the Activity 4, page 5.
Answers:
1. must/can/should not

2. don’t have to / need to
3. must/ have to

4. do , have to /need to
5. don’t have to /don’t need to

Grammar-3. Exercise (5ms) Finish the exercise of Activity 2, page 6

.

Answers:
1. You needn’t have brought some flowers.
2. You needn’t have tidied the room.

3. You needn’t have bought the box of chocolates.
4. You needn’t have gone to school.

5. You needn’t have brought the book to show me.

Look at the picture below and share your ideas.
You needn’t have run so quickly.

Why did the man say it? 1. The other man was running too quickly. 2. The other man was running too slowly. 3. The other man was running quickly and it wasn’t necessary.

didn’t need to do:

不需要做而且也没做

needn’t have done: 本不需要做而做了 1.We brought some food to the party but there was too much, so needn’t have brought we ______________________________ (bring) any. 2.My friend spoke good English,so I __________________________________ didn’t need to translate (translate) the speech for him.

Grammar-2. Observation (3ms) Look at the sentences below, then find out the differences between them.

? You didn’t need to speak slowly.

didn’t need to do

表示那件事不必做而且实际上那件事 的确没做。
? You needn’t have spoken so slowly.

needn’t have done

表示虽然那件事不必做但实际上却做 了。

page 6. Grammar-4. Exercise (5ms) Finish the exercise of Activity 4,

Answers:
1. needn’t have brought 2. didn’t need to translate 3. didn’t need to wait 4. needn’t have arrived 5. needn’t have told

1. The boss has given everyone a special holida so we _____ go to work tomorrow. (上海2007 春) A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. shouldn’t 2. —Must he come to sign this paper himself? —Yes, he _____. (广东2006) A.need B. must C. may D. will 3. I _____ have bought all that wine — only three guests came. A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. may not D. wouldn’t

3. —Tom, I have cleaned the room for you. —Thanks. You _____ it. I could manage it myself. (福建2005) A. needn’t do B. needn’t have done C. mustn’t do D. shouldn’t have done 4. As you worked late yesterday, you _____ have come this morning. (陕西2006) A.mayn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t

<基础训练 > P10

Grammar-5. Guessing (3ms) Do you know them?

? can/could have done sth

? can’t/couldn’t have done sth.
? must have done sth.

? may/might have done sth.
? should have done sth.

? shouldn’t have done sth.
? ought to have done

? ought not to have done

1.I have lost one of my gloves. I ____ it somewhere. A. must drop B. must have dropped C. must be dropping D. must have been dropped 2. Oh, I’m not feeling well in the stomach. I _____ so much fried chicken just now. A. shouldn’t eat B. mustn’t have eaten C. shouldn’t have eaten D. mustn’t eat

3. Mr. White _______ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he
didn’t show up.

A. should have arrived
C. should have had arrived

B. should arrive
D. should be arriving

4. It was really very dangerous; You ___ him seriously.
A. might have injured B. should have injured

C. must injure

D. need have injured

5. Why didn’t you make me a telephone call yesterday? I _______ about it.

A. ought to tell
C. might have told

B. ought to have been told
D. might have been told

6. It is not like Jack to be unfriendly, so he ___ you when you called. A. mustn’t have seen C. couldn’t have seen B. should not have seen D. need not have seen

7. --Look, John’s fallen sleep. --Oh, he _______ too late last night. A. might sit up B. should have sat up C. could sit up D. must have sat up 8. --John walked straight into a wall. --He _____ where he was going. A. can’t have looked B. mustn’t have looked C. couldn’t have been looking D. mightn’t have been looking

Making Friends in American

? lively用作形容词 (adj.) ? He is an outgoing and lively person ? Life on campus is friendly, safe and very lively . ? Conversation in the USA is less lively than in many other cultures.

? ? ? ?

? ? ? ?

How do you define laziness . We are defined by our jobs. He's very secretive about his work. Her secretive manner had made me curious. This is a factual account of the war . factual matters leisure interests. ethnic minority

? ethnic Chinese. ethnic origin ? She's got very sensitive hearing, ? Don't be so sensitive and I was not criticizing you . ? I have a helpful and sensitive friend . ? Chinese people are friendly and hospitable. ? He has a genuine desire to help us . ? If this offer is genuine I will gladly accept it.

? I have no doubt about their genuineness . ? He was genuinely surprised. ? When the students violate discipline ,they have to clean the floor for a week. ? Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished . ? You shouldn’t violent others’ privacy. ? Generally ,we dislike argument, and we avoid topics which lead to disagreement.

? Mary likes to hear compliments on her appearance . ? He made compliments: what a beautiful hairstyle. ? He has made a fortune, bought his family a fabulous house. ? She graciously accepted our invitation . ? She graciously accepted my apology . ? Accurate records must be kept. ? 5. He has made an accurate measurement of my garden .

Making friends in the USA
Part 1: Features of conversation : Para 1 talking at the same 1)conversation: why – less lively? Not _____________________ time. Part2: How and what to talk about: ( Para 2– Para 8 )
talk about jobs 2) not sure what to talk about---_______________. factual matters 3) talk more about feelings, but less about______________. close friends 4)highly personal conversation, but not mean___________. /safe topics 5)few /many Americans worry about questions ___________________. the arguing topics 6)dislike arguments and avoid __________________. age and money 7—8): dangerous topics: __________________. Part 3: attention (suggestion) : Para 9 silence what to dislike:_________________.

Part one

Features of conversation in the USA

? When some one talks ,everyone is expected to listen ,no matter how dull the person’s speaking may be.

Part two what to talk about (jobs)

?We are defined by our jobs.

What to talk about ---feelings /where are you from/leisure interests/ movies / ethnic background

? Americans are more secretive about factual matters. ? We are interested in people’s ethnic background. ? leisure interests ? It’s best to avoid politics , religion and other sensitive topics.

Use only one word to tell the main idea.(part4)

? A highly person conversation can take place after a very short period of knowing someone. ? A lot of people are hospitable. ? The invitation is never made without a genuine desire to meet again.

What Americans talk to. (safe topics , private matters)

? While few Americans will worry about the questions you may ask, they may hesitate before they ask you similar questions. In fact ,it’s a sign that they don’t wish to violate your private life. ? You clearly show you’re aware of cultural differences. ? They will happily talk about more private matters if you take the lead.

How to talk: dislike arguments, like making compliments.

? We avoid topics which leads to disagreement. ? That’s a fabulous dress you are wearing. ? You should accept compliments graciously.

Dangerous topics( age and money)

? Age is not treated as something very special. ? Don’t expect an accurate reply.

Dangerous topics( income)

? Some people may not only be open about their income , but show off their wealth.

writing
? I have a favour to ask.| ? Please do me a favour. ? 20% of the people are in favour of the idea that we should have extra classes.
? a warm reception ? I’m going to a reception at the Chinese Embassy.

? ? ? ? ?

Some Chinese customs: The way to greet each other. 1. 2. 3.

? 见面时,我们会通过问好来进行相互问候。 ? 见面时我们也会用“你吃了吗。” 或者用 “去哪儿”。“ 在忙吗”的问候方式来问 候。

? ? ? ?

When praised ,how we Chinese reply. 1.不,没有。 2.过奖了。 3.哪里哦。

? ? ? ?

When receiving gifts ,we will say…. 1.谢谢 2. 没得必要买嘛。 3.

? 假设你是李华。你的外国笔友Jane 打算 于七月来中国,特来信了解中国的社交习 俗。 请你用英语回一封信,从以下 几个方面作具体介绍。 1.见面时的问候方式; 2.对赞美的回答方或; 3.接收礼物时的回应方式; 4.餐宴礼节。 注意1.词数100左右,信的开头和结束语 已为你写好(不计入总词数)。 2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文 连贯。 Dear Jane, Glad to hear from you and you're welcome to China July.


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