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短文改错策略及练习


短文改错设题特点:
给出一篇短文,一般都是以出自学生的书面表 达为基本,文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最 多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或 修改。 答题要求:增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号 ( ∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多 余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写 出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.

只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

高考短文改错题目的考查方向:

一是语法方面,主要测试动词时态和语态, 主谓一致,非谓语动词,短语动词;名词,代词 的各种形式,形容词和副词以及比较等级的用法; 连词、冠词、介词,固定搭配;简单句、并列句 和复合句,以及倒装、省略句等。 二是在行文逻辑方面,主要考查人物的性别 及相应的指代代词或物的数量及相应的指代代词 的一致,句子的并列、递进、转折、因果关系等 的相应关联词;时间的先后顺序等

短文改错解题策略:

1.通读短文明确中心主题,整体把握时间、地点、 人物、事件和行文逻辑

2.看标点确定句子头尾,明确句子特点(简单句、 并列句、复合句、特别句式);抓关键谓语动词 看主语明确主谓关系,确保主谓人称、语态、 时态一致。
3.划分意群,明确成分,化整为零,各个击破。 4.联系考点,依据原则,运用知识,分析解决。 6.通览检查,纠错补漏,确定结果

Dear Ms Smith, I am secretary of the City Student Union (CSU). We were organizing an art exhibition for high school students are in city. This will be held on the 9th of July in the the It Hall of Beihai. More than 1000 painting will Exhibition paintings be on show, but high school students and teachers from and all the eight districts will come to the event. As you are very popularly with us Chinese high school students, popular we’d like to invite for you to the exhibition. We would be grateful when you could join them that day. if us Looking forward to hear from you soon. hearing Yours, Li Ming

考点应对策略归纳: 1.抓主语,看谓语,主谓关系要统一(语态、 一致和时态,语气,形式需考虑)
1)An English lady was finally decided that she really should learn to drive.

2) Now my picture and prize is hanging in the are library. 3)She liked it very much and reads it to the class. read 4)Of course, when my mother was asked, “Have you…”
5)Books may be keep for four weeks. kept 6)Charles and Linda were seeing near the top of the seen building.

2名词性质要关注,可数与否须清楚。名词具有受 限性,限制(特指、确指和泛指)、修饰要重视。 1)Kate covered it with a lot of Christmas light.lights 2)…so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. subjects 3)Good health is person’s most valuable possession. a 4)Some people read the books or watch television while others have sports. 5) We stopped to rest for a while and to drink some waters from a stream. 6) water We climb everywhere, not only in America. We have been to Europe many time. times 7) There are branch library in many villages. libraries 8) I hope that you two could come and visit us some times soon. time

3.代词出现不起眼,指代不明生疑点, 验名正身别怕烦,确保一致心里安。
1) I just smiled to me and thought , “What can I myself do ?” 2) Finally, the men threw away most of his clothes their to save themselves . 3) I read your e-mail to my parents and showed them the photo you sent it to me . 4)I liked those classes because I felt that it helped they me. 5)And they must not break the rules too often if we we want to win the game.

4. 英汉词性易混乱,形、副、名、介较常见, 成分关系是关键。形作定表,副作状,名词功能 莫要忘。 1.He came back lately last night. late 2. I would describe myself as shy and quietly. quiet 3. He asked angry if we had finished the work. angrily 4. Charles said, “As soon as I see a real tall really building, I want to climb it. 5. He practiced hard and past the driving-test. passed 6. I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time. wonderful 7. Unfortunate,there are too many people in my Unfortunately family. 8.The beautiful of the lake attracts us a lot. beauty

5.连接词语需检验,逻辑关系前后辨。
1.We tried to fix it and there was nothing we could do. but 2.I told Mother, Father, Sister, all my friends here what and a great time I had. 3.It is a very important exam but I can’t afford to fail and it. 4.She was smiling and but nodding at me. 5.The market at the corner of Friendship Street and But Xinhua Road has given way to a supermarket. And the bookstore next to our middle school is still there. 6.It started to rise higher again.But So it was still too close to the water. 7.I’d like to stay there for half a month, visiting places and of interest or practicing my English as well.

6.介词多少也要看,搭配错误较常见。 1.Because the help you gave me that summer ,my life changed. of 2. When a young man starts to earn his own living ,he can no longer expect others to pay his food .

3. At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a On Christmas tree.
4.After five years away in my hometown, I find that … 5.As you are very popular with us Chinese high school students, we’d like to invite for you to the exhibition.

for

from

6. , so they are very strict in their children.
7. …so that we can help each other on the course work.

with

with

7.非谓语动词是考点,见面验证别嫌烦。
1.My parents love me… and will do all they can make to sure… 2. We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. visited 3. Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was talking learning to express myself in simple English. 4. I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a become different person . 5.Looking forward to hear from you soon. hearing 6.I have often dreamed of talk face to face with you. talking 7. Play football not only makes us grow up tall and Playing strong but also …

8.固定搭配看清楚,习惯用法要关注。 句式特点整体看,引导词语是关键。
1.As a result, people in the modern world generally live much more longer than people in the past. 2.Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher. 3. My teacher advised me to keep my diary. a 4. I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me. why 5. I think I’d email you and let you know what things how are going. 6. I live in Beijing,where is the capital of China. which 7. It turned out to be her own cup, that she’d left on the which shelf by mistake.

(09)Dear Mrs Winthorp, So my first week at college is over! No lectures this morning so I think I’d email you and let you know what how things are going. I’m glad to say that anything has worked out fine everything in the dorm. I remember asking for a room as far away from the lifts as possible and they find me a comfortable found one on second floor. There are two girls from my course the I plan to make friend with them so that we can here and friends help each other on the course work. Everyone else seems with very nice and warmly here. warm Well, I had better to stop now. I’m going to attend mine first lesson this afternoon, for I’ve got some my so preparations to make.Keep in touch. Best,

(10改错)My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other day. She liked it at once. were Then she bent down and picked up to look at a it the price on it. As she did this, lots of tea splashed on his T-shirt! I had to try hardly not to laugh at her her hard get out of the shop shocked face! My sister wanted to as fast as she could when a shop assistant came over to us. It was turned out to be her own cup, that she’d left on the shelf by mistake. The which assistant was clearly as embarrassing as my sister, embarrassed for I just thought it was funny! but/yet/while

策略试练:
Most families in China hoped their single children will hope have a happy future, so they are very strict in their with children. So do teachers in schools! Many children are are given so much homework that they have hardly any spare time have sports. The children are forbidden to do to anything but to study. No wonder so many children are tired of lessons. Some even attack or kill his parents and their teachers! I believe many people already read this kind of have news in newspapers or magazines. Shouldn’t we draw a lesson from the accidents? Now our government is carry carrying out a plan to solve the education problems.

07、08、09、10短文改错考点对比 1、时态 [07]listen改为listened [08]were改为are (09)find改为found (10)are改为were 2、介词 [07]in改为to 属于固定搭配:invite to [08]invite后的介词for是多余的,应该去掉 (09)on改为with 属于固定搭配:help sb. With (10) want后加to 属于动词不定式小品词缺失 3、代词 [07]将主格I 改为宾格me [08]将them改为us [08]将this改为it (09) anything 改为everything (09)mine改为my (10)pick up之 间少it , his改为her, that改为which(非限定性定语从句) 4、名词单复数 [07]将week改为weeks [08]将painting改为paintings (09)将friend改为friends (10)无 5、副词改为形容词 [07]将beautifully改为beautiful [08]将popularly改为popular (09)将warmly 改为warm (10)hardly改为hard

6、连词 [07]将but改为and [08]将but改为and (09)将for改为so (10)for改为but/yet/while/and 7、非谓语动词 [07]在动词see之前加to [08]将动词hear改为hearing (09) I had better to stop now 去掉to (10)embarrassing改为embarrassed 8、限定词 [07]friend后加‘s[08]city前加the (09)在second floor前加the (10)A 改为the 9、动词形式 [07]将see改为seen (10)It was turned out取掉was 10、从属连词 [08]将when改为if (09)what改为how 【分析】(1)考查项目涉及动词,介词,代词,名词,冠词 形容词,副词,连词。(2)主要想考查中国学生容易出错的 地方:词性和词形的屈折变化、冠词、介词、连词、代词等。


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