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必修四unit1


Unit1 Women of achievement
New words & expressions

I 重点词汇
1.behave vt.&vi. 举动;(举止或行为)表现 behavio(u)r n.[u] 行为;举止;习惯 [典例] 1). Behave yourself; don’t make a fool of

yourself. 注意你的举止, 别闹出笑话来。 2). How is your new car behaving? 你的新车性能如何? behaviour towards/to... 对…的态度/行为 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 behave_______ well 1). It’ s hard to train children to _______ (举止得体) at the table. well behaved 2). She is always _______ _______ (举止得体) at school. 3). Their behaviour _______ (behave) _______ towards (介词) me shows that they do not like me.

2. achievement achieve

n.[c]成就,功绩 vt. 取得,完成

[典例] 1). He received the Nobel Prize for his scientific achievements. 他因科学上取得的成就而获诺贝尔奖。 2). Flying across the Atlantic for the first time was a great achievement. 首次飞越大西洋是一伟大的功绩。 [重点用法] achieve sth achieve an aim / goal 达到目标 achieve success 获得成功 [练习] 根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词。 achieve nothing 1). Without the support of the people we can _______ _______. 2). I have achieved only half of _______ I hope to do. what 3). Congratulations to you (介词) _______ on achievingsuch a complete victory.

3. observe vt. 观察;观测;遵守 observation n.[u] 观察;观测;监视 [典例] 1). The police observed the man entering/enter the bank. 警方监视着那男子进入银行的情况。 2). The woman was observed to follow him closely. 有人看到那女子紧跟着他。 [重点用法] observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事(已做完) observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人正在做某事 under observation 被监视 Observe the rule [练习] 用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空或翻译。 entering 1). They were observed ______ (enter) the bank then. observed_______ that 2). Keynes _______ (观察到) humans fall into two classes.

4. respect

vt.&n. 尊敬;尊重;重视

[典例] 1). If you don’ t respect yourself, how can you expect others to respect you? 自己不自重, 又怎能受到别人尊重呢? 2). I have the greatest respect for you. 我非常尊敬您。 [重点用法] respect sb. for sth. 因某事而尊敬某人 have / show respect for sb./sth. 尊敬某人/事 gain/ get/ earn/ win the respect of sb. 赢得某人的尊敬 out of respect 出于尊敬

[练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 1). The new officer soon won/earned ________ (赢得) the respect of his men. respect you ________ 2). I ________ (因某事而尊敬) your honesty. for for (介词) his ideas, although I don’ t 3). I have great respect _______ agree with them.

5. argue vt.&vi. 讨论;辩论;争论 argument n.[c]争论;争辩;争吵 [典例] 1). Don’ t argue with your mother. 不要和母亲争辩。 2). I argued that we needed a larger office. 我据理力争我们需要大些的办公室。 [重点用法] argue for (sb./sth.)为(某人/某事)而辩护 argue against (sb./sth.) 反对某人/某事)而辩护 argue with sb. ( about/over sth.) 与某人(为某事)而争吵 argue that... 主张……

[练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词或翻译。
about with of We argued _______ the waiter _______ the price ______ the meal.

6. intend vt. 计划;打算 intention n. 意图,意向,目的 [典例] 1). I hear they intend to marry. 听说他们要结婚了。 2). I intend you to take over. 我打算让你来接管。 [重点用法] intend to do/doing sth. = mean to do sth. 打算做某 sth. be intended for (某物)是为而准备的
[练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 intended for beginners.(是为初学者写的). This book is ______ ______

7. deliver vt.接生(小孩),递送,发表(演说) delivery n. 投递 deliverer n. 递送者,交货人
[典例] 1). The baby was delivered in a clinic. 孩子是在一个医疗站接生的。 2). Comrade Yang delivered the opening speech. 杨同志致开幕词。 [重点用法] deliver a baby 接生小孩;生小孩 deliver sth. to ...... 把某物送到……

[练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词。 to 1). Some new books have ______ (deliver) ______ (介词) the been delivered schoo1. 2). The actor _______ (介词) a soft voice. delivered/gave his speech _______ in

8. worth / worthy / worthwhile worth 只能作表语,其后接钱数、名词或及物动词的动名词的主动 一般形式: be worth doing / n. worthy可作表语,后接of+名词/of+动名词的被动形式/不定式的被动 形式: be worthy of + n. / of being done / to be done ,也作定语, “值得……的”,“有价值的”:a worthy winner名副其实的赢 家 worthwhile可作表语和定语: a worthwhile job 值得做的工作 it is worthwhile to do/doing 【练习】根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词。 1). The necklace was ______ worth 100 francs at most. worthwhile 2). It’ s ______ to discuss the question again. worthyour while to come to the meeting. 3). You would find it ______ worth doing at all? The book is 4). Can’ t you find something ______ well worth reading _______ _______ _______ (很 值得读) a second time. a visit _______ / 5). This place of interest is worthy _______of _______ _______ _______ ______ /_______ of being visited _______ _______ (参观).
to be visited

III 词性变化(同根词)
1. connect vt.连接;联系;接通电话 vi.连接,衔接 connection n.联系,关系;连接 2. argue argument 3. crowd crowded vt.&vi.讨论;辩论 n.[c]争论;争辩; n. 人群,群众; v. 聚集;挤满;挤,推 adj.充(拥)满了的,拥挤的

4. inspire inspiration inspired inspiring

vt. 鼓舞;激发; 启示 n. 鼓舞;灵感 adj.受灵感启示的 adj.鼓舞人心的

5. considerate adj.体贴的,体谅的 consideration n.考虑,要考虑的事;体贴 considerable adj.相当大(或多)的
6. deliver delivery deliverer vt.递送(邮件),接生;生(小孩);发表(演说) n.[c,u]投递;演讲 n.递送者

【同根词练习】 用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。
? ? ? ? ? considerate (consideration) of you not to play the 1). It was ________ piano while I was asleep. 2). The good news _______ inspired (inspire) us with hope. argument (argue) about what game 3). The children had an _______ to play. 4). Please pay on ________ (deliver). delivery 5). Taking everything into consideration ________ (consider), the event was a great success. 6). The narrow roads were ________ (crowd) with holiday crowded traffic. connection(connect) between the two ideas? 7). What is the _______

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9. look down upon/on蔑视;瞧不起 [典例] 1). She looks down on people who've never been to university. 她瞧不起没上过大学的人。 2). You can’ t look down upon a person because he is poor. 你不能因为某个人穷而瞧不起他。 [重点用法] look短语: look on sb./ sth. as = consider sb./ sth. as把某人看作 look on 袖手旁观 look into sth. 调查或观察某事物 look up 查阅(单词、资料);向上看 Look forward to 盼望 look out for sb/sth警惕或留心某人/物 [练习] 根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 looked down on 1). He was ______ ______ ______ (被人看不起) because of his humble background. looked on as_______ (被认为是) the leading authority on the 2). He is ______ ______ subject. 3). If you want to know how a word is used, ______it ______ in a dictionary. look up

10. refer to 谈到;查阅;参考;查询;提及;指……而言
[典例] 1). We agreed never to refer to the matter again. 我们同意不再谈这件事了。 2). She thought I was referring to her daughter when we were talking. 当我们谈话时她以为我指的是她的女儿。 [重点用法] refer to sb./sth. as 把某人/物称作 refer sth./sb. to 把某事提交;让某人向……求助 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 1). Although she didn’ t mention any names, everyone knew who she was ______ ______( 指). referring to without referring to 2). He gave the speech _______ _______ _______ (没有参阅) his notes. 3). He likes to _______ _______ _______ (被称为) “Doctor Khee”. be _______ referred to as 4). My doctor referred me _______ (介词) a hospital specialist. to

3. come across = run across = meet by chance (偶然) 遇见;碰见 [典例] 1). I came across an old school friend in Oxford Street this morning. 今天早上我在牛津大街碰见一位老校友。 2). She came across some old photographs in a drawer. 她在抽屉里偶然发现一些旧照片。 [短语归纳] come短语: come about = happen 发生 come from 来自 come out 出现;开花;出版或发表;透露;显出 come up 升起;发生;出现 come up with sth 找到或提出(答案﹑办法等)
[练习] 用come短语的适当形式填空。 came across 1). I _______ _______ some new words while reading. 2). His new book will _______ _______ next month. come out came up with _______ a new idea for increasing sales. 3). She _______ _______ 4). Can you tell me how the accident _______ _______? came about 5). How did it _______ _______ that he knew where we were? come about

4. carry on 继续;坚持 [典例] 1). Carry on (working/with your work) while I'm away. 我不在的时候, 要继续做工作。 2). They decided to carry on in spite of the weather. 他们决定不管天气好坏都坚持。
[短语归纳] carry短语: carry on (doing sth/with sth.) 继续(做)某事 carry out 贯彻,执行 carry out a plan/orders/instructions执行计划/命令/指示 carry sth through 成功地完成某事物 carry about随身携带 carry away运走, 使失去自制力 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或carry短语。 carry on 1). They decided to _______ _______ in spite of the weather. 2). Extensive tests have _______ _______ _______ on the patient. been carried out 3). It is a difficult job but she’ s the person to carry it _______. through 4). Don’ t blame me. I’ m only _______ _______ my orders. carrying out

5. live/lead a... life 过着……的生活 [典例] They live a peaceful life. 他们过着平静的生活。 [短语归纳] “v. + 同源宾语”结构: smile a... smile 露出……微笑 dream a... dream 做了个……的梦 sleep a... sleep 睡个……觉 sing a... song 唱……的歌 die a... death ……怎样地死去 fight a... battle 打……的仗 laugh a... laugh 发出……方式的笑声 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 a happy life 1). We are living happily. = We are living ______ What a hard life 2). ______________( 多么艰辛的生活) they lived! dreamed/had a beautiful dream 做了个美梦) last night. 3). I _____________________(

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