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人教版新课标高中英语必修1-2重点词汇,短语,句型


人教版新课标高中英语必修 1 重点词汇,短语,句型

Unit 1
重点单词 upset thunder power situation highway recover discover 重点短语 calm down be crazy about fall in love share sth. with sb. on purpose face to

face stay away laugh at live in peace 重点句子 I. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 2. What do you think a good friend should be like? 3. Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since 1942. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 在遛狗时,你不小心让狗挣脱了绳子,结果狗被车撞了。 I’m only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through any longer. It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. She found it difficult to settle and… 4. Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? 你想有一位无话不谈、能推心置 腹的朋友吗? 5. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚,曾有一段时间,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未使我心醉神迷过。 … nature is one thing that really must be experienced. People are told that their actions should be as gentle as the wind that blows from the sea. 6. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。 7. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. be concerned about according to try out go through join in happen to do set down go on holiday get tired of make a list of get along with add up a series of communicate with at dusk hide away walk the dog ignore cheat trust habit culture understand entirely tip share suffer loose spirit favorite point friendship series quiz gossip community settle experience nature dare survey grateful selfish background solve

Unit 2
重点单词 Include culture usage international actually identity native rule government modern latter command vocabulary elevator/lift petrol/gas

request accent conquer spelling 重点短语 play a role (in) be based on such as no longer 重点句子 1.

polite direction gradually settle/settler

standard block enrich

recognize official especially

apartment/flat voyage rapidly

play a part(in) from one place to another make use of come up to

even if the same…as… at present the number of

However, they may not be able to understand everything. (然而,他们可能不是什么都懂。)

2.

This is because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. (这是因为英国于 1765 年到 1947 年统治过印度。) What the British call “petrol” the Americans call “gas”. (美国人把被英国人称作“petrol”的东西称作“gas”。 此处 what 引导宾语从句) …those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. Because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. Actually, it was based more on German than the English we speak at present. The US is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. …there is more than one kind of English in the world. (more than one+单数可数名词,作主语时,谓语用单数)

3.

4.

5.

6.

It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. (对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。) 句型:It is + adj/n+ for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是… 扩充:It is + adj+ of /for sb to do sth 当句式中形容词修饰 to do sth 时用 for; 若形容词修饰 sb,则用 of. eg: It’s kind of you to help me carry the box.

7. 8.

The number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.

Unit3
重点单词: Journal/journalist/journey/trip/tour(tourist, tourism)/travel/vayage/flight fare stubborn topic flow schedule freeze inn café 重点短语: get sb interested in persuade sb to do insist on sth /doing sth care about give in(to sb) make camp put up one’s tents care for sth/sb give away give off give out dream of doing set /break(beat)/hold a record transport insist familiar cousin detail reliable afford population finally attitude prefer province wool encourage lucky directions persuade camp disadvantage graduate cycle/recycle proper/properly record/recorder brave /bravery

determine/determination/determined gradually special separate source/resource temple field

persuade sb into/out of (doing) sth

make up one’s mind be familiar with sth 重点句子 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

read one’s mind be familiar to sb

keep/bear sth in mind be similar to

It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we (should) find the source of the river. Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles? (metaphor) To climb the mountain road was hard work but to go down the hills was great fun. After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. Ever since middle school, … I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. they are Dai, … near the Langcang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows.

Unit4
重点单词: Shake injure shock fresh well extreme dam competition 重点短语: prepare to do sth/get prepared thousands of Judging by/from Dig out Be proud of 重点句子 1. 2. 3. 4. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep…. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. It seemed as if the world was at an end. 句型:主语+ be + adj + to do 6. 7. All hope was not lost. It’s never too late to learn. 其中 to do 用主动形式表示被动含义 活到老,学到老。 instead of Shake hands with sb. Be/feel honoured by as usual at an end a/the number of Burst into Give honour to sb right away rise judge rescue countryside pipe bury track organize burst honour disaster smelly event canal steel congratulations ruin/destroy useless shelter nervous suffering brick mine/miner earthquake imagine survivor strange/stranger steam express trap

5. Water, food and electricity were hard to get. all 与 not 连用 表示部分否定

8. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan. 9. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. 10. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead.

Unit5
重点单词: quality peaceful vote equal reward willing prisoner position degree criminal principle advise accept educated president fight continue violence terror sincerely mean active save generous selfish

devoted offer violence 重点短语: as a matter of fact set up worry about put…in prison 重点句子 1. 2. 3.

cruel lawyer relative

easy-going legal found come to power in trouble out of work realize one’s dream of

mankind equal generous

guidance sentence

devote … to … lose heart believe in blow up

Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. I felt bad the first time I talked to the group. the first time 相当于连词,用来引导从句 He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. should have done 本应做而未做 needn’t have done 本不应做而做了 can’t have done 过去不可能做过

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. However, this was a time when one had to have……

10. The parts of town in which they had to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. 11. …. We had reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 12. They could not get the jobs they wanted. 13. we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important or fight the government. 14. I was worried about whether I would become out of work.

人教版新课标高中英语必修 2 重点词汇,短语,句型

Unit1
重点单词: cultural rare design light secretly consider celebrate 重点短语 look into rather than in search of agree with 重点句子 1. 2. 3. 4. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train …… Frederick William I, to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it. In 1770, the room was completed the way she wanted. this was a time when the two countries were at war. serve as think highly of in return to one’s surprise take apart in belong to care about survive dynasty fancy wonder wooden opinion former remain belong jewel remove doubt evidence mystery state heat reception furniture prove pretend valuable select amazing decorate besides treasure

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

….. could never have imagined that his greatest gift to ……. This gift was the Amber Room which was given this name because ….. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown color like honey. The design of the room was in a fancy style popular in those days. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists …….

Unit2
重点单词 honest host stadium physical/mental foolish responsibility homeland 重点短语 take part in/join in compete against/for a set of one after another pick up together with 重点句子 1. … a special village is built for them to live in. 2. I lived in what you called “Ancient Greece”. 3. But of course you can ask any questions you like. 4. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for the event will be admitted as competitors. 5. That’s why they are called the Winter Olympics. 6. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women. 7. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with ….. used to work out as well all over the world stand for find out play a role in make sure every four years as a matter of fact on a …. Basis make a bargain with ancient magical gymnasium root promise opportunity glory compete interview replace relate golden allow hopeless competitor athlete prize poster regular spirit nowadays medal admit sliver advertise slave volunteer standard

Unit3
重点单词: revolution totally material wonder rapidly connect web spoil performance universal artificial intelligence anyhow type arise sum network internet coach finance logically disagree wander develop application virus electronic mobile cheat

advantage/disadvantage personal predict memory quality signal niece explore create devoted shape download program expert analytical

operate/operator/operation simple-minded 重点短语 as a result make up be filled with According to

calculate/calculator technology/technological have … in common watch over compare …to/with …. from then on

deal with after all with the help of at that time

Share … with … Provide …. With 重点句子 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

as well as in a way

be crazy about

Over time my memory has developed so much that … I never forgot anything I have been told. I was programmed by an operator who uses cards with holes. At that time it was considered a technological revolution …. I wondered if I would grow any larger. Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult mathematical problem.

6.

As time went by, I was made smaller. These changes only became possible as my memory improved.

7.

I have been used in offices and homes since 1970s.

Unit4
重点单词 wild/wildlife stomach insect affect recently respond unexpected dinosaur 重点短语 die out get dressed protect…from wake up in relief according to 重点句子 1. 2. There Daisy saw an antelope looking sad. We/re being killed for …… Our fur is being used to make …… I wonder what is being done to help you. Daisy turned around and found that she was being watched by an elephant. So good things are being done to save wildlife. 3. 4. 5. 6. Please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection. They learned this from the way the bones were joined together. Others think the earth got too hot for the dinosaurs to live on any more. It is hoped that one day there will be enough animals ……. pay attention to in peace be concerned about turn around a certain number of know for sure come into being in danger have an effect on burst into laughter without mercy endangered species protection apply contain attention fierce destroy inspect reserve suggest powerful bite (bit, bitten) lazy appreciate sweater hunt/hunter thick drug effect distant incident rare loss disappear carpet zone fur dust secure

Unit5
重点单词: appreciate earn reputation fame actor musician/musical extra instrument reputation humorous clap stick sort brief broadcast form saying concert pub celebrate pretend unknown band studio attractive

sensitive recognize Folk music

realize upset Jazz

copy Rap Classical music advertisement/advertise loosely/loosen

fan Choral Orchestra

devotion Rock’ n’ Roll Country music

attractive/attract/attraction perform/performance 重点短语 to be honest by chance be based on in cash rely on 重点句子 1.

passer-by/passers-by

play jokes on come up with in addition attach importance to get familiar with

break up dream of as well as pay for or so

Have you ever dreamed of being in front of thousands of people at a concert, with everyone clapping and enjoying your singing? (with 复合结构做状语)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as played music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. So they left Britain, to which they were never to return. ….. but they could only find one who was good enough. …… the Monkees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. …… after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started …… They produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band.


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