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2015英语大专题之短文改错与书面表达(王丹)


In our everyday lives, if we make some mistakes, we should correct them, and then we are still a good fellow.
——Chairman Mao’s words

高考短文改错解题方略

Contents

/>高考短文改错命题特征及命题趋势 短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳 高考短文改错应试策略及答题原则

高考短文改错真题实战演练

注意答题说明及答题规范
Introduction
本题满分 10 分,给出一篇约 100 个单词的短文,文中有
10处错误,要求考生对每个句子进行判断,如有错误即 将其改正。错误类型包括词法、句法、行文逻辑等方面 的错误。

注意答题说明及答题规范
文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单 词的增加、删除或修改。

? 增加 (1-2个) 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 ? 删除 (1-2个) 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。不计分。 ? 修改 (6-8个) 在错的词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 ? 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2、只允许修改10处,多者(丛第11处起)不计分。

Problems
纵观近年高考英语短文改错题,学生和老师都认为 难度不大,然而,每年高考中还是有不少考生对此题深

感头痛,主要原因是:
?考生的英语基础知识不扎实. ?考生缺乏对短文改错命题 特点的了解和做题规律方 法的总结.

Tips
? 重视掌握基本的词汇和语法知识; 规范使用常用的词 语和习语.
? 广泛阅读,增强语感,提高语言知识运用的准确性 .

? 做题时以句子为单位,从语篇角度把握内容,查找行 文逻辑错误。
? 错误的设置一般都是中学生写作时常出现的错误 。 改错训练和书面表达训练结合。

高考短文改错命题特征及命题趋势
试题的立意特征 ? 短文中所设的错误大部分都是所谓的“语法” 错误, 但是这种试题并不是单纯检测语法知识 的,而是检测考生的写作能力中的校验能力。

高考短文改错命题特征及命题趋势
试题的情景特征 ? 高考短文改错涉及词汇、语法、句型结构等方 面的知识和逻辑推断和综合辨析, 是一种在较 高层次上考查考生对英语知识的掌握和语言综 合运用能力的测试题型。

? 题材以记叙文为主,题材和语言符合中学生实 际;句子结构由简单句主逐渐过渡到以复合句 和并列句为主。学生在平时写作中常出现的错 误是短文改错的考查的重点。

高考短文改错命题特征及命题趋势
试题的命题趋势 ? 高考短文改错的难度、错误类型设置、文章 长度通常不会有太大变化。

? 考查会更加注重语用功能,取材范围将更广
泛,并注重语言的综合运用能力。

短文改错打油诗

短文改错要做好,常见类型应记牢。 名词爱考“数”与“格”,冠词在前“错/多/少”。 动词时态和语态,非谓语搭配莫错了。 连代形副错一样,多是故意来混淆。 介词多半考搭配,多漏误用想周到。 句法涉及到“一致”,从句多考关系词。 词法句法均未错,逻辑推理去寻找。 “127”惯常比,回读复查敲定稿。
改错方式比例: 通常一个多词,两个缺词,七个错词

A

Limerick
动词形,名词数 还要注意形和副 非谓语,细辨别 介词短语要牢记

代词格,细领悟 句子成分多分析 冠词连词常光顾 逻辑错误须关注

高考短文改错命题规律

Discussion
? What types of mistakes are usually involved in Passage Correcting? ? What is the method of correcting?

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
动词形
错误主要集中在动词的时态、语态,主谓一致等方面。 【2014辽宁卷】 ? This morning she starts barking even before 5 o’ started clock. 【2014 浙江卷】 ? Before long, a train inspector comes to check out tickets. came

【2014全国课标卷】 ? Since then–for all these years–we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. have 【2013新课标1卷】 ? When I was only four when she passes away. passed

【2012全国课标卷】 ? When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy again, my torn father said, “That’s it. No more toys for you.” 【2013四川卷】 ? Good night and remember, you, dear diary, is my only souvenir form my past life and my only friend. are

解决方案
(1) 通读全文,搞清文中动词时态的主旋律 .
(2) 结合语境,灵活运用时态形式 .

(3) 认真推敲,准确把握主动与被动 .

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
名词数
名词爱考数与格,也要分清可不可 【2014全国课标卷】 ? Since then–for all these year–we have been years allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please.. 【2014辽宁卷】 ? We have called several time about Cleo’s early times barking.

【2012陕西卷】 ? The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. dishes 【2012辽宁卷】 ? Their was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. miles 【2013浙江卷】 ? And I needed to stay in hospital for at least two week. weeks

【2013新课标1卷】 ? He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that shoulders turned from black to gray over the years. 【 2013新课标2卷】 ? When tea got popular in Britain, there was a crying need for good cup with handles to suit British habits. cups 【2013辽宁卷】 ? I saw him lying in bed, looking at some of the picture we had taken together. pictures

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
还要注意形和副
1. 修饰名词,作宾补及连系动词后用形容词; 2. 修饰动词,形容词,副词及整个句子时用副词; 3. 比较级和最高级的使用。 【2014全国课标卷】 ? The fruit are small in size, but juice and taste. 【2014全国课标卷】 tasty ? We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no wonderful cost.

【2012全国课标卷】
? I learned in life that I had to be more patient and

little aggressive.. less 【2012辽宁卷】
? Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. Unfortunately

【2012陕西卷】
? We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big

bath.
【2012辽宁卷】

comfortable

? We finally dropped Gina off at her parents’ and made our own way to home.

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
非谓语,细辨别
主要错误为三种:非谓语的混淆;不定式to的遗 漏或多用;非谓语与谓语动词的混淆。

【2014辽宁卷】
? We are hoping to settle something that bothers to us. 【2014浙江卷】 ? Don’t panic or get out of line, and trying to remain quite and calm. try

【2012 全国课标卷】

? Meanwhile,I found out that with more patience I
could make my toys to last. 【2013新课标1卷】 ? I also shared with my friends many photos taking in taken Beijing.

【2013陕西卷】
? Felt hungry, we built a fire by the lake and Feeling barbecued the fish. 【2013四川卷】 ? Suddenly Mary, my best friend, asking me to let her to copy my answers. asked

解决方案
(1) 纵观全文或全句,明确句中动词所作的句子成分.
(2) 系统掌握非谓语动词的句法功能.

(3) 前后联系,整体把握 .

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
介词、短语要牢记
介词多半考搭配,多、漏、误用想周到

lose my heart

in hurry a in Sunday afternoon on


such many people so in a short

【2014全国课标卷】 ? As result, the plants are growing everywhere. a ∧ 【2014辽宁卷】 ? But we do hope that you can figure a good way of ∧ settling the matter. out 【2014四川卷】 ? Today, I am going to talk with what you should do about when a fire alarm go off.

【2012辽宁卷】
? It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne’s friend, Gina. of

【2013新课标1卷】 ? He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years. 【2013全国新课标2卷】 into/to
? Interestingly, it had a connection by the British with/to Porcelain industry.

【2013辽宁卷】
? Every day, he spends too much time with his work. 【2013浙江卷】 on ? To make matters bad, now I have to share a room worse with my younger sister, Maggie. 【2013辽宁卷】 ? Yesterday afternoon, I paid visit to Mr. Johnson.



a

解决方案
(1) 平时的学习中注意积累语言知识,特别是一些固 定搭配的记忆 . (2) 强化语法训练,分清连词,副词和介词之间的区

别和句法功能 .
(3) 语法知识的记忆和语感的培养结合起来 .

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
代词格,须领悟 代词方面的错误主要体现在:
? 人称代词的性别,单复数及代词格的误用; ? 物主代词,反身代词以及不定代词的误用;

? “it” 一词的不当使用(包括用于从句中或作形式主
语或宾语); ? Whose 和who’s,its和 it’s的混淆.

人称

单数

复数

主格

宾格

主格

宾格

第一人称 第二人称

I
you he she it

me

we
you they

you
him her it

us you

第三人称

them

单数 形容 词性 物主 代词 名词 性物 主代 词

复数

my

your

his her

its our

your

their

mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs

【2012陕西卷】 ? It is such a great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. mine 【2012浙江卷】 ? I knew they would be worried about myself because I was so far away. me

【2013新课标1卷】 ? He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town him 【2012陕西卷】 ? It is such a great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. mine

解决方案
(1) 顺藤摸瓜,理清短文中代词的指代关系, 注意联系上下文。 (2) 系统掌握it的各种用法 .

(3) 准确把握不定代词在文中的正确使用。

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
句子成分多分析
句法涉及到一致, 从句多考引导词(误用,多用或遗漏 ) 【2014辽宁卷】 ? The early morning barking have been has disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby.

【2014年四川卷】

? If you notice that when someone is missing or
hurt, tell your teacher immediately. 【2012全国课标卷】 ? But before long they began to see which was happening. what

【2012 陕西卷】 ? What I liked best were the free high-speed was Internet connection in the room. 【2013新课标 2卷】

? Having tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge
between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 o’clock at night.which

解决方案
(1)不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;

(2)不同的语境要选择不同的词语。
(3)只有对句子结构和成分作细致的分析,才能找

出用词不当的错误。

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
冠词、连词常光顾
冠词在前 “错” “多” “少”。 常考的错误形式有:冠词the, a, an 的误用,多用或少用。 【2014辽宁卷】 ? Besides, Cleo tends to bark a average of six an hours a day.

【2014四川卷】 ? Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire. the 【2014浙江卷】 ? The person who found a ticket smiled with the pleasure at his success. 【2013四川卷】 ? The teacher got angry because we had same the answers. ∨

【2012辽宁卷】
? In the car park there Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a a lorry. 【2012陕西卷】 ? It is such great hotel that I would recommend it to a any friend of mine who is going to Beijing. ∨



短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
连词常考 but,and,or, so 等的逻辑错误,以及 搭配错误。
【2014全国课标卷】 ? Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never yet/或去掉 had any disease or insect attack problems.

【2012 浙江卷】 ? He worked hard, but it wasn’t surprising that and/so he pass the exam.

【2013新课标1卷】 ? He had a deep voice, which set him apart from others in our small town, he was strong and ∧ powerful and

【2013辽宁卷】

? With little sleep and hardly any break, so he
works from morning till night. 【2013浙江卷】 ? His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmates, my school or just everything else I and love in the world.

短文改错典型错词类型分析归纳
逻辑错误须关注
词法句法均未错, 逻辑推理来寻找。主要是句子之 间逻辑关系的矛盾,代词在人称上的不一致等。
【2014全国课标卷】 ? As a result, the plants are growing somewhere.

everywhere

【2014辽宁卷】 ? We appreciate our apologies and goodwill, but your we do hope that you can figure out a good way of settling the matter. 【2014四川卷】 ? If it’s a false alarm and there is no fire, your teacher will lead us to the classroom. you

【2013新课标1卷】

? However, he was the gentlest man I have never
known. 【2013四川卷】 ? After thinking for some time, I let her copy my answers. But after the test, all of us were called both to the teacher’s office. ever

高考短文改错应试策略及答题原则
三步 ? 通读全文,把握大意 ? 细读全文,仔细斟酌 ? 再读全文, 复核审查

高考短文改错应试策略及答题原则
六原则

? 以在有错行改动一词为原则.
? 以改变实词形式为原则. ? 以单词形式变化最小为原则. ? 以添加或删除虚词为原则. ? 以多“改正”少“添删”为原则. ? 以保持原意不变为原则.

高考短文改错应试策略及答题原则
四不改 ? 标点符号不改。

? 大小写不改。
? 词序错误不改。 ? 单词拼写不改。

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【2012陕西卷真题】
My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. It is in the downtown area, but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public transport. We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big bath. What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet connection in the room. I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for my friends many photos taking in Beijing. The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing.

介词多用 My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. It is in the downtown area, visited but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public so/and transport. We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big comfortable bath. What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet was connection in the room. 形容词/副词 连词/逻辑错误 句法一致

【2012陕西卷解析 】

动词时态

【2012陕西卷解析】
非谓语动词 动词与介词搭配 I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for my with friends many photos taking in Beijing. The food was wonderful

taken with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is dishes such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me a mine who is going to Beijing.



冠词漏用

名词数

代词格

【2012辽宁卷高考真题】
Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind tor you to let us bring Anne's friend. Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park Gina nearly got knocked over as a car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home.

【2012辽宁卷解析】
Dear Diana,

动词时态 Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so had kind for you to let us bring Anne's friend. Gina. Unfortunate, of Unfortunately the only problem was the journey home. There had been a
terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a as long line of traffic for at least six mile. 固定搭配 miles 介词误用 名词数

形容词/副词

【2012辽宁卷解析】
副词逻辑错误 连词逻辑错误 In the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park here Gina nearly got there until/till knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made we 冠词漏用 our own way to home. 代词误用 介词多用/搭配



高考短文改错真题实战演练
【2012浙江卷高考真题】
Two years before, I traveled to Brazil and I rented for a car. Unfortunate, I had an accident and hit another car, and I needed to stay in a hospital for at least two week. 1 called my parents, so I did not tell them what had happened. I knew that they will be worried about myself because I was so farther away, and that my mother would not sleep if she knew. Therefore, I told them interested stories and how I was enjoying Brazil As a result, nobody knew truth. I still think that it was the right thing to do.

【2012浙江卷解析】
形容词/副词
副词区别 介词多用

Two years before, I traveled to Brazil and I rented for a ago car. Unfortunate, I had an accident and hit another car, and I Unfortunately needed to stay in a hospital for at least two week. 1 called my weeks parents, so I did not tell them what had happened. but 连词逻辑错误 名词数

【2012浙江卷解析】
动词时态 代词格 I knew that they will be worried about myself because I was would me so farther away, and that my mother would not sleep if she far knew. Therefore, I told them interested stories and how I was interesting enjoying Brazil As a result, nobody knew truth. I still think that it was the right thing to do. 形容词比较级 the 冠词漏用

非谓语



Proverbs:

1.He who makes no mistakes,makes nothing.

不犯错误的人必然一事无成。
2. By ignorance we mistake, and by mistakes we learn. 吃一堑 长一智。 3. A stupid person always tries to justify himself for his mistakes; but a wise man tries his best to correct his errors.

愚蠢的人总是为自己的错误辩护,聪明的人则力求改正。

高考书面表达解题方略

Contents

高考书面表达命题特征及评分原则 影响作文分数之四大因素 备考策略 高考作文回顾及写作模板与句式

高考考试大纲的说明对写作所提的要求是:
Introduction
? 考生应能准确使用语法和词汇 ? 语言的准确性是写作中不可忽视的一个重要方面,因 为它直接或间接的影响到信息的准确传输。应用语法结 构和词汇的准确程度是写作部分评分标准的一项重要内 容。 ? 使用一定的句型,词汇,清楚连贯的表达自己的意思

? 任何一篇文章都有一个主体,作者应该围绕该主题,借 助一些句型,词汇的支持,清楚,连贯的表达意思。

【评分原则】
1、先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定档次。 第五档. 21~25分 第二档. 6~10分 第一档. 1~5分 0分

第四档. 16~20分
第三档. 11~15分

能根据用文字及图表 提供的信息写出短文 或报告,覆盖所有内 容要点

应用了一定的 句型和高级词 汇

2、 【考纲要点】 : 内容要点; 词汇和语法的数量和准确性; 上下文的连贯; 段段衘接自然, 语言的得体性 语意连贯且结构完整,
全文体现总分 总,正文层次 感强,有效地 使用了语句间 的连接成分
叙述事情或表达观点 和态度清晰,语言地 道,规范,书写工整。

影响给分的因素之一:

作文的卷面
漂亮的书写是写作得分的亮点

Which composition feels more attractive, why?

影响给分的因素之二:
文中所采用的语言材料

人靠衣装,文靠词装

A.词汇的选择灵活新颖,出奇制胜; B.句型结构运用灵活多变;

Practice
1. good perfect excellent outstanding pleasant
wonderful favorable magnificent 2. think in one's opinion/view hold the view that …

it is widely shared that …
3.clever wise bright smart intelligent cute

使用精彩句式,增强语句表现力
1.We were glad to see crops and vegetables growing well. glad →How _______we were to see crops and vegetables growing well! 2. Radio broadcasts didn’t begin until 1920. 3.He never speaks about his own family. 4.A notice is saying ”Please Save Water” on the wall. 5.Though he is a child, he knows a lot. Child though/as he is, he knows a lot →___________________________________.

→It was__________________________________________ not until 1920 that radio broadcasts began

does he speak about his own family →Never__________________________________________

is a notice saying ”Please Save Water” →On the wall______________________________________

影响给分的因素之三: 行文的流畅

上下贯通、一气呵成
正确而巧妙地使用好连接词

1.表递进
and,then,also,besides,morever,what's more furthermore,in addition,more than that...

2.表转折
but,however,although,though,in spite of,despite , after all,on the contrary,on the other hand... because,since,therefore,so,hence,thus,consequently , as a result/consequence,on account of...

3.表因果

4.表目的
5.表归纳

in order that,so that,for the purpose of... in general,in brief,in short,in conclusion, in a word,on the whole...

表示平行、对等或选择关系 and,both…and, as well as, together with, neither…nor, also, not only…but also, either…or, as well. 表示时间、顺序关系 shortly afterwards, next, finally, in the end, eventually 表示递进、强调关系 besides, furthermore (此外), what’s more, worse still, in addition, moreover (而且), to make matters worse, indeed, certainly, surely, above all 表示解释、说明关系 namely (也就是), actually, such as, for example, for instance, that is to say, in other words, and so on, to tell you the truth, according to this

错误百出,让阅卷老 师惨不忍 “读”

(2013· 陕西高考)假定你是李华。请根据写作要点用英语写 一篇周记,记述你周末帮助家人做家务的一次经历。 写作要点: 1.做家务的理由; 2.做家务的过程; 3.你的感受。 注意:1.短文词数不少于 100; 2.开头部分已写好,不计入总词数; 3.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

请改正下面作文的错误 [考生作文] I am an 18yearold middle school student. But I seldom helped my parents with the housework. Felt very sorry for that, I thought I should do something for my parents. On last Sunday, I went for shopping and bought some fishes, vegetables and fruits in the supermarket. When I got to home, I did my best to cook the fishes prepare for some nice food. Then I wiped the dust off the furniture, sweeping, and moped the floor. When my parents saw these, they were surprising. They were very happy said, “We are proud of you, baby!” I fell very tired, I very happy. I think it's our duty to help parents do some housework.

[改后作文] I am an 18yearold middle school student. But I seldom helped my parents with the housework. ① Feelingvery sorry for that, I thought I should do something for my parents. ② Last Sunday,I ③ went shoppingand bought some ④ fish, vegetables and ⑤ fruit in the supermarket. When I ⑥ got home, I did my best to cook the ⑦ fish ⑧ and prepare some nice food. Then I wiped the dust off the furniture, ⑨ swept, and ⑩ mopped the floor. When my parents saw these, they were ? surprised. They were very happy ? and said, “We are proud of you, baby!” I ? felt very tired, ? but I ? wasvery happy. I think it's our duty to help parents do some housework.

Ⅰ.以下句子含有考生常犯的错误,请改正 1.Many students are like play computer games. → Many students like playing computer games. 2.Eat at school is very convenient for students.
It is convenient for students to eat at school. →_______________________________________

3.There are many students are planting trees on the hill. Many students are planting trees on the hill./There →____________________________________________

are many students planting trees on the hill. _______________________________________

4.My English teacher is ill, so Mr Wang will instead of her.

My English teacher is ill, so Mr Wang will take place →_______________________________________________
of her. _______
5.While having our dinner, the doorbell rang.
While having our dinner, we heard the doorbell ringin g. →_________________________________________________

/While we are having our dinner, the doorbell rang. ____________________________________________

Ⅱ.以下是考场三档作文,标有序号的句子中含有一些低级 错 误,请改正这些错误 (2013· 湖北高考)请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写 一篇短文。 We all know that “sticks and stones may break our bones”, but we should also be aware that words can hurt people, too. 注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; ②除诗歌外,文体不限;

[求诊病文] As the saying goes, sticks and stones may break our bones. But sometimes words can hurt us too. ① Many years before I didn't know about this, but a thing happened changed my opinion. ②Once I didn't get good result in my exams, and mother feel angry and punished me. ③She beat me with a stick and then said, “I was really disappointed in you.” ④This hurt me deeply, and felt embarrassed and lost confidence in me. ⑤ But I realized what I should work hard at my lessons and I shouldn't let my mother disappointed. ⑥Since then I began study hard and made progress in my study. ⑦From this experience tells me that when we communicate with people, we should not hurt the others with our words and learn to respect them.

第①句:用词错误: Many years before→ Many years ago 汉式英语: but a thing happened changed my opinion→ but something happened and changed my opinion 第②句:时态前后不一致: feel→ felt 第③句:时态错误: I was really disappointed in you→ I am really Disappointed in you

第④句:句子成分残缺: and felt embarrassed→ and I felt embarrassed 用词错误:me→ myself 第⑤句:连词使用错误: what→ that 第⑥句:时态错误: began→ have begun 非谓语错误:study→ to study 第⑦句:汉式英语: From this experience→ This experience

小结: 1. 作文的卷面; -----整洁的卷面 2. 文章的语言; -----丰富的词汇
3. 行文的流畅; -----流畅的结构 4. 文章的准确; -----最少的错误

写作技巧与策略 整 体 三 部 分
1. Heading 点题(开门见山);一两个句子(一 定得是好句子);概括性;暗示性 2. Body

中心记述部分;层次分明
3. Ending

小结;呼应主题

书面表达如何写?
文字信息 1、审题 图画信息

题材、人称、时态、要点
五 个 步 骤 2、以词及点:用一两个单词或短语写出每句 话的细节要点。

3、联词成句:用联词成句的方法将上述要点 的词语扩展成句子。
4 联句成文:

①主语和谓语 ②背景(适当增加时间、地点条件等) ③逻辑关系 ④开头与结尾 ⑤语篇衔接

注意:

5、检查修改,规范抄写

高分技巧
1. 使用较丰富的句式



句型的使用

运用得当的句子结 构可以给文章增色 复合句(名词从句、定语 不少,从而使整篇 从句、状语从句等) 文章因此而生辉 。 感叹句、倒装句


2. 使用较高级的词汇



词汇反映你知识贮存量的多少,也 是衡量英语水平的一个重要标志。

3. 使用恰当的连接词

使用恰当连接词,对写一篇有“英 语味”的文章很重要,能使文章上 下衔接自然、紧凑。

高考作文回顾
(2014年全国卷)假定你是李华,计划暑假间去英国学习英语,为期六周。
下面的广告引起了你的注意,请给该校写封信,询问有关情况(箭头所指内容) 注意:1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.参考词汇:住宿 accommodation

Dear Sir/ Madam, I am a student in China and I plan to go to Britain to attend a summer school during the vacation. I’ve seen your ad, and I’d like to know something more about your six-week English course. First when will the course start and how many class hours are there per week? Besides, I wish there would not be too many students in a class. I’d also like to know how much I have to pay for the course and whether accommodation is included? Would there be host family or university dormitory? I am looking forward to your early reply. Yours faithfully, Li Hua

(2013年全国卷) 假定你是李华。请给笔友Peter写封信,告诉 他你叔叔李明将去它所在城市去开会,带去 他想要的那幅中国画,同时询问他是否可以 接机。信中还需说明: 李明:高个子,戴眼镜 航班号:CA985 到达:8月6日上午11:30分 说明:1.词数100左右。 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.开头语和结束语已为你写好。

Dear Peter, How are you doing? I'm writing to tell you that my uncle Li Ming is going to your city for a conference and I've asked him to bring you a Chinese painting you've asked before. Also, I'd like you to do me favor. Would you please meet my uncle at the airport and take him to his hotel since this is his first visit to the U.S.? Thank you in advance! His light number is CA985 and it will arrive at 11:30 am August 6. My uncle is tall and he is wearing glasses. And he will be in a blue jacket. Looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

(2012年全国卷) 假定你是李华,从互联网上得知一个国际中学生组织 将在新加坡((Singapore)举办夏令营,欢迎各国学生 参加。请写一封电子邮件申请参加。 内容主要包括: I.自我介绍(包括英语能力); 2.参加意图(介绍中国、了解其他国家); 3.希望获准. 注意: 1.词数100左右: 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.邮件开头和结尾已为你写好。

Dear Sir or Madam, I'm Li Hua, a middle school student from China. I read the announcement of the summer camp that you have posted on the Internet and I am interested in it. I know that you welcome students from different countries and I'd like to take part in it. I've been learning English for10 years, and I speak fluent English. What is more, I’ll be able to tell students from other countries about China and learn about their countries as well. I hope I will be accepted as a member of your summer camp. Looking forward to your reply! Li Hua

(2011年全国卷) 假定你是李华,正在一所英国学校学习暑期课程,遇 到一些困难,希望得到学校辅导中心(Learning Center)的帮助。根据学校规定,你需书面预约,请按 下列要点写一封信: 1.本人简介: 2.求助内容; 3.约定时间; 4. 你的联系方式(Email:lihua@1236 com; Phone:12345678)。 注意: 1词数l00左右; 2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3结束语已为你写好。

Dear Sir / Madam: I’m Li Hua, a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university. I’m writing to ask for help.I came here last month and found my courses interesting. But I have some difficulties with note-taking and I have no idea of how to use the library. I was told the Learning Center provides help for students and I’m anxious to get help from you. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me. Here are my email address and phone number: lihua @ 1236.com; 12345678. Looking forward to your reply! Yours, Lihua

(2010年全国卷) 假设你是育才中学学生会主席李华。你校将举办一 次英语演讲比赛(speech contest),希望附近某 大学的外籍教师Smith女士来做评委。请参照以下 比赛通知给她写一封信。 英语演讲比赛主题:人与自然 时间:6月15日下午2:00-5:00 地点:501教室 参赛选手:10名学生 联系人:李华(电话44876655) 欢迎大家光临 注意:词数100左右。

Dear Ms. Smith, I’m Li Hua, Chair of the Student Union of Yucai Middle School, which is close to your university. I’m writing to invite you to be a judge at our English speech contest to be held in our school on June 15. It will start at 2:00 pm and last for about three hours. Ten students will deliver their speeches on the given topic “Man and Nature”. We hope that you will accept our invitation if it is convenient for you. Please call me at 448876655 if you have any questions. I am looking forward to your reply. With best wishes! Li Hua

写作模板及句式
请参见Word 部分


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