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肇庆一模


试卷类型: A 肇庆市中小学教学质量评估

2014 届高中毕业班第一次模拟考试





本试卷共 8 页,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟 注意事项: 1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔,将自己所在县(市、区) 、姓名、试 室号、座位号填写在答题卷上对应位置,再用 2B 铅

笔将准考证号涂黑. 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改 动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案,答案不能写在试卷或草稿纸上. 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定区域 内相应的位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再在答题区内写上新的答案;不准使 用铅笔和涂改液.不按以上要求作答的答案无效. I、语言知识及运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完型填空(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 About a month ago, while in the drive through at Starbucks, I noticed a woman in a car behind me who appeared to be having a bad day. There were two kids in the back who seemed to have too much 1 at 8 am on a Sunday morning, because they were shouting loudly. The 2 moved slowly and at one point while I was pulling the car forward, the sad woman behind me 3 my car. I could tell this 4 her. The entire time that I waited in line for my coffee this woman didn’t 5 . Looking back at her I could tell she was wondering ―Why me? Why today?‖ When I 6 up and paid for my coffee I requested that the barista(咖啡吧员) of Starbucks give the woman behind me a smile card and paid for her coffee. Just 30 minutes ago I was again 7 in line at Starbucks. I heard a slam of a car door but thought nothing of it. I was 8 when the same woman came up to my driver ’s side window. She 9 me a twenty-dollar bill and the same smile card I had given to her. She smiled and said, ―These are for you. You are the 10 one who gave these to me 11 , right? All I need you to do is ask the barista to give the 12 back to me.‖ It was amazing! It was as if this woman had been waiting to show her 13 for what I had done! When she got back into her 14 today she was all smiles. I could tell she had the same feeling as I had on that early Sunday morning. It was nice to have my coffee paid for, but what made me feel even better was seeing the happiness and smile on her face. As I pulled out of the drive-thru, she waved and yelled out, ―Have a 15 day!‖ I yelled back ―You too!‖ and waved her goodbye. B. strength C. power D. energy 1.A. force B. time C. sun D. bus 2.A. line B. touched C. kicked D. watched 3.A. knocked B. calmed C. worried D. entertained 4.A. excited B. smile C. complain D. bother 5.A. apologize
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6.A. pulled 7.A. standing 8.A. amused 9.A. handed 10.A. clever 11.A. privately 12.A. card 13.A. consideration 14.A. office 15.A. free

B. looked B. waiting B. confused B. owed B. kind B. secretly B. change B. respect B. home B. quiet

C. turned C. parking C. disappointed C. presented C. honest C. originally C. bill C. desire C. car C. regular

D. walked D. pacing D. shocked D. asked D. modest D. totally D. coffee D. appreciation D. room D. good

第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中所给词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡上标号为 16—25 的相应位置上。 Cons(欺骗) happen a lot in our society. It can be hard to know who is really in need and who is trying to exploit(探测) other people’s 16 (kind). Recently, I was finishing my work at home 17 the dog barked, letting me know someone was at the gate. I rushed to see who 18 was and there I saw a poor, fragile woman in her late fifties. This woman told me a story, ―My husband and I live in a slum nearby. We earn 19 living working at construction sites. A few days ago my husband fell down the stairs while 20 (carry) a heavy load. He was badly hurt and he 21 (lie) in bed with a high temperature for the past five days. Please help me! I need to take my husband to a doctor!’’ I felt really bad about her situation 22 was she telling me the truth or trying to cheat me for money? However, I went out with fifty dollars and handed it to her. 23 moment she got the money she burst 24 tears. She took my hand and said, ―Thank you so much!‖ From her tears I was able to figure that she was really in need of help. I 25 (move) and went back to my work smiling. II、阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面几篇短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A My father was a foreman of a sugar-cane plantation in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico. My first job was to drive the oxen that ploughed the cane fields. I would walk behind an ox, guiding him with a broomstick. For $1 a day, I worked eight hours straight, with no food breaks. It was very tedious work, but it prepared me for life and taught me many lasting lessons. Because the plantation owners were always watching us, I had to be on time every day and work as hard as I could. I’ve never been late for any job since. I also learned about being respectful and faithful to the people you work for. More importantly, I earned my pay, it never entered my mind to say I was sick just because I didn’t want to work. I was only six years old, but I was doing a man’s job. Our family needed every dollar we could make because my father never earned more than $18 a week. Our home was a three-room wood shack with a dirty floor and no toilet. Nothing made me prouder than bringing home money to help my mother, father, two brothers and three sisters. This gave me self-esteem(自尊心), one of the most
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important things a person could have. When I was seven, I got work at a golf course near our house. My job was to stand down the fairway and spot the balls as they landed, so the golfers could find them. Losing a ball meant you were fired, so I never missed one. Some nights I would lie in bed and dream of making thousands of dollars by playing golf and being able to buy a bicycle. The more I dreamed, the more I thought. Why not ? I made my first golf club out of guava limb (番石榴树枝) and a piece of pipe. Then I hammered an empty tin can into the shape of a ball. And finally I dug two small holes in the ground and hit the ball back and forth. I practiced with the same devotion and intensity. I learned working in the field --- except now I was driving golf balls with club, not oxen with a broomstick. 26. The writer’s first job was ___________. A. to stand down the fairway at the golf course B. to watch over the sugar-cane plantation C. to drive the oxen that ploughed the cane fields D. to spot the balls as they landed so the golfers could find them 27. The underlined word ―tedious‖ in Paragraph 2 most probably means ___________. A. difficult B. boring C. interesting D. unusual 28. The writer learned that ________ from his first job. A. he should work for those who he liked most B. he should work longer than what he was expected C. he should never fail to say hello to his owner D. he should show respect and faith to the people he worked for 29. ________ gave the writer self-esteem. A. Having a family of eight people B. Owning his own golf course C. Bringing money back home to help the family D. Helping his father with the work on the plantation 30. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. He wanted to be a successful golfer. B. He wanted to run a golf course near his house. C. He was satisfied with the job he got on a plantation. D. He wanted to make money by guiding oxen with a broomstick. B Attempts to understand the relationship between social behavior and health have their origin in history. Dubos (1969) suggested that primitive(原始的)humans were closer to the animals because they, too, relied upon their instincts to stay healthy. Yet some primitive humans recognized a cause and effect relationship between doing certain things and alleviating(减轻) symptoms of a disease or improving the condition of a wound. Since there was so much that primitive humans did not understand about the functioning of the body, magic became an integral component of the beliefs about the causes and cures of health disorders. So it is not surprising that early humans thought that
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illness was caused by evil spirits. Primitive medicines made from vegetables or animals were invariably used in combination with some form of ritual (礼仪) to drive harmful spirits away from a diseased body. One of the earliest attempts in the Western world to formulate principles of health care based upon rational thought and rejection of supernatural phenomena is found in the work of the Greek physician Hippocrates. Little is known of Hippocrates who lived around 400 B.C., not even whether he actually authored the collection of books that bears his name. Nevertheless, the writings attributed to him have provided a number of principles underlying modern medical practice. One of his most famous contributions, the Hippocratic Oath, is the foundation of contemporary medical ethics (道德). Among other things, it requires a physician to swear that he or she will help the sick, keep oneself from intentional wrong-doing or harm, and keep secret all matters to keep the doctor-patient relationship. Hippocrates also argued that medical knowledge should be derived ( 源 自 于 ) from an understanding of the natural sciences and the logic of cause and effect relationships. In this classic thesis, On Airs, Waters, and Places, Hippocrates pointed out that human-being is influenced by the totality of environmental factors: living habits or lifestyle, climate, geography of the land, and the quality of air and food. Interesting enough, concerns about our health and the quality of air, water, and places are still very much written in the twentieth century. 31. The topic of the first paragraph is summarized in ________. A. the first sentence of the paragraph C. the third sentence of the paragraph A. Because magic was an inseparable part of their life. B. Because they had little knowledge about the functioning of the body. C. Because the diseases were caused by the evil spirits. D. Because magic must be used in going through the rituals to drive out the evil spirits. 33. Considering Hippocrates’ background, we can see from the second paragraph that ________. A. he was the forefather of modern medicine B. experts are sure that the books bearing his name were not written by him C. he had a rational mind aided by supernatural instincts D. experts do not know much about him except when and where he lived 34. All of the following are included in the Hippocratic Oath EXCEPT ________. A. helping patients B. keeping oneself from harming patients C. keeping secret all matters to maintain a good relationship with the patients D. obeying rules for modern medicine practice 35. Which of the following best expressed the main idea of the last paragraph? A. Doctor’s concerns remain unchanged. C. Environment affects health.
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B. the second sentence of the paragraph D. the last sentence of the paragraph

32. Why did primitive humans rely on magic in their beliefs about the causes and cures of diseases?

B. Medicine comes from nature. D. Climate determines lifestyle.
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C Governments all over the world make public reports about the condition of their economies. Most countries, including the United States, have used a measure called the gross national product (国民 生产总值)or GNP. It includes all goods and services produced by citizens of the country anywhere in the world. Recently the American Commerce Department has started using a new method to measure production. It is known as the gross domestic product(国内生产总值) or GDP. It counts only goods and services that have been produced within the nation’s borders. Money earned by foreign companies operating in the United States is included in the GDP, but money earned by American companies operating in other countries is not. Economic experts generally approve of the change. They say that the gross domestic product provides a truer measure of the economy. They also note that most other industrial countries use this method. Therefore it will be easier to study the economies of different countries. Some officials also hope the new system will help them make better economic policy decisions. It will provide them with a clearer understanding of economic activity in the U.S. . The new measure is less likely to be affected by sudden changes in foreign oil prices or in the value of the American dollar in other countries. Economic experts believe that the change from GNP to GDP will immediately reduce the value of American production by at least 40,000 million dollars a year. But that is really a very small change in the American economy – less than 1% . The Commerce Department reports the unofficial gross domestic product once every three months. The government also continues to report GNP as it has four times a year since 1941. 36. To report the American GNP, the government should not consider goods and services produced ________. A. by American companies at home C. by American companies in Singapore B. by American companies in China D. by Japanese companies in the United States

37. To report the American GDP, the Commerce Department should count money earned ________. A. by both American and foreign companies in America B. by American companies within its own borders C. by foreign companies in the United States D. by American companies in its foreign markets 38. GDP is considered better than GNP by some economists because ________. A. it is something new C. it is easier to calculate A. It will be seriously affected. C. It will come down a little. A. once every four months C. once every six months
高三英语试题

B. it is used by most countries D. it is less likely to be affected by the foreign market B. It will not be affected. D. It will slightly go up. B. once every three months D. once a year
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39. What will happen to the value of American economy if GDP is used to replace GNP?

40. How often are the reports of GDP issued by the American Commerce Department?

D Donna is 19 years old and loves animals, which is why I’m always happy to leave my dog with her when I go on holiday. Donna also helps to train hunting dogs, but recently, her boyfriend told me, she returned home from a farm in tears after being told to hit some dogs. ―She wasn’t being asked to hit them because they didn’t behave well,‖ he said. ―She was told to punch these puppies with a closed fist simply to let them know who is the boss,‖ Donna refused. Good for Donna. In my view, you hit an animal for only two reasons: as a way to teach it an important lesson to protect it from danger, such as not into the road; or because you like hurting animals. Last summer, I attended a horse race. I don’t know much about horses, but I was alarmed when I saw a horse with a huge ulcer (溃疡) on its legs. ―Surely this horse won’t race?‖ I asked. I was very surprised that nobody in the crowd seemed concerned. The horse began the race, but later it fell heavily. It had broken its leg. The next thing I saw was its dead body in a bag, being driven past. No one seemed to care, except those who had bet on it. I know people care for horse racing, but do they really care for horses? I doubt it. Oh, but it’s a tradition, I hear you say. Wouldn’t the world be a boring place if we didn’t occasionally hit, shoot and chase animals? Traditions are made by man and can be unmade. It was once acceptable to kill servants when their master died, to visit the mental hospitals to laugh at the patients or to watch public execution (执行死刑). Nor should it be forgotten that in our progress to a more civilized world, animals have played an important role: they have fed us, carried us, worked for us, rescued us, died for us and sometimes just saved us from loneliness. Surely by now they deserve our kindness. At the very least, they deserve our respect. 41. Donna was asked to hit the young dogs because ________. A. they misbehaved B. their owner disliked them C. people on the farm enjoy hurting them D. it was a way to train them to obey people 42. What does the underlined word in paragraph 2 probably mean? A. strike B. stroke C. scold D. pump 43. What is the author ’s purpose in telling the readers the story about the horse? A. To explain the traditional horse race to readers. B. To prove that the weak horse can’t win in the race. C. To show that animals are treated unfairly by humans. D. To say that people care more for horses than horse racing. 44. Which of the following is NOT true? A. People no longer watch killing criminals in public. B. The author cannot accept anyone who hits the animals. C. It was a traditional practice to kill servants for their dead master. D. The author thinks it is possible to change the traditions made by man. 45. What’s the best title of the passage? A. No One Cares for Animals Nowadays. B. Let’s Protect the Endangered Animals. C. Show Animals the Respect They Deserve. D. The Stories Between Animals and People.
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第二节:信息匹配(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按要求匹配信息,在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字 母涂黑。 Tom, Mary, Jason, Ann 和 Juliet 想根据各自的兴趣爱好 (46---50) 挑选自己喜欢阅读的文章。 阅读下面某杂志的文章摘要(A----F) ,选出适合他们阅读的文章。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A. The Forbidden City, situated in the heart of Beijing, is the largest and the most complete imperial palace and ancient building complex in China. It was home to 24 emperors of the Ming (1368—1644) and Qing (1616—1911) dynasties. The construction of the palaces in the Forbidden City began in 1406. The project spread over 15 years and was not completed until 1470. Most of the buildings in the Forbidden City were rebuilt many times, although they maintained the original style. B. Mount Tai, the leader of the ―Five Sacred Mountains‖, is located in the center of Shandong Province, spanning the ranges of Tai’an and Jinan. It covers an area of 550 square kilometers, and its main peak is about 1,532.7 meters high. Mount Tai is a natural museum with many cultural relics and artwork like Heavenly Queen Pool, Red Gate Palace and Mid-Heaven Gate. Besides historic relics, Mount Tai has unique natural scenery. C. Each year, forecasts of when the blossoms will open are headline news. The information is used by cities to plan cherry blossom festival, travel agencies to schedule tours, and ordinary people to choose dates for parties involving lots of eating and drinking under the trees. D. Hong Kong is perhaps the best shopping place in the world with reasonable prices, various products and best service. In Hong Kong, shopping is not only a ―social activity‖ but also an important part of recreation and a way of life. Visitors can enjoy the shopping environment and experience the fashion trend. E. The Leaning Tower of Pisa leans because of the unstable soil on which it was built. The construction started in 1173. The building began to lean as soon as the first three floors were completed. Nevertheless, building continued, and the seven-story structure was finished between 1360 and 1370. It leans a bit more each year, and it was closed for repairs in 1990. Engineers worked to stabilize the foundation and straighten it slightly to prevent damage. F. Centuries ago, the African elephant inhabited most of the African continent. Today, elephants are found only in the south of the Sahara. As a result of the habitat loss, along with poaching (偷猎) , the number of elephants has greatly declined. The decline has caused serious concern about the long-term survival of the species. 以下是 Tom, Mary, Jackson, Ann 和 Juliet 各自的兴趣爱好的描述。请匹配最适合他们喜欢阅读 的文章。 46. Tom is a history teacher at Wuhan University. He has a strong desire of studying the ancient Chinese architecture. 47. Mary is a volunteer, who supports and encourages people to protect wild animals and plants. 48. Jason is a student of Houston University. He dreams of seeing Japanese cherry blossoms with his friends. After graduation, he will go on a trip to Japan. 49. Ann is an energetic girl who loves climbing mountains. She said, ―Climbing a mountain is hard work, but the higher I climb, the more wonderful my view is.‖ 50. Juliet often buys new clothes and shoes alone or accompanied by a friend. When she feels annoyed about a matter, going shopping always makes her relaxed. III、写作(共 2 题,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(共 1 题,满分 15 分)
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以下是肇庆端砚(Duan Inkstone)的相关信息: 历史: 1)因产地在肇庆的端州而得名; 2)端砚名列中国四大名砚之首; 3)一种传统的手工艺品,历史悠久,起源于 1300 多年前; 4 )盛行于宋朝时期,当时深受中国文人的 青睐。 特性: 1)端砚的种类多,质量好,设计精美; 2)目前端砚深受收藏家的喜爱。 作用: 1)一种书写的重要工具; 2)端砚在传播中国文化中起着重要作用; 3)是肇庆深厚文化底蕴的标志。 参考词汇: 端砚:Duan Inkstone 手工艺品: handcraft 文人: literati 【写作内容】请根据以上信息写一篇英语短文,介绍肇庆手工艺品“端砚” ,了解“端砚” 文 化,内容包括:端砚的历史、特性和它的作用。 【写作要求】只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 【评分标准】句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。 第二节 读写任务(共 1 题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面材料,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 On the morning after the rainstorm, a man was walking on the beach, enjoying the beautiful view of the nature. Suddenly, he found thousands of starfish(海星) trapped in the shallow puddles(水坑) on the beach. As the sun rose, the water in the puddles was disappearing and the starfish began to struggle for life desperately. However, they still had no hopes to go back to the sea not far away. As the man continued walking, he noticed a little boy picking up the starfish one by one and throwing them into the ocean. Then he went over and asked the boy, ―What are you doing?‖ The boy replied, ―I'm throwing starfish back into the water. If I leave them here, they’ll dry up and die.‖ The man said, ―But look how many starfish there are. What you’re doing can’t possibly make a great difference to all of them.‖ As the boy picked up another starfish and threw it into the ocean, he said, ―Well, it makes a difference to this one!‖ Then he added, ―Though I can’t save all of them, I can make some of them survive with my efforts.‖ Moved by the lovely and warm-hearted boy, the man bent down to pick up the struggling starfish and threw them into water. Every time he threw the starfish into the water, he felt their fate was changing. 【写作内容】 1、以约 30 个词概括短文的内容要点。 2、然后以约 120 个词就 “施助于人”的主题发表看法,内容包括: (1)你如何评价故事中小男孩? (2)叙述一次你真实或虚构的“施助于人”的经历。 (3)呼吁大家积极参与“施助于人”的活动。 【写作要求】 1、作文中可以使用实例来支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容论述,但不得直接 引用原文中的句子; 2、作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。
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