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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 题库语法练习(新课标专用)专题六 动词的时态和语态Word版含解析]


动词的时态和语态
1.—What's that terrible noise,David? —Oh,I forgot to tell you.The new machines in the nearby plant________ . A.were tested C.are being tested B.will be tested D.have been te

sted

解析:考查动词的时态。根据问句中的 What's that terrible noise 可知,这里应该用进行 时态,噪音是机器正在被检测时发出的,所以用现在进行时的被动语态。 答案:C 2.The attackers were arrested and didn't know where they________ . A.would take C.were being taken B.are taken D.will be taken

解析:句意为:袭击者被捕了,他们不知道正被带往何处。根据 didn't know 可知,空 格处也应该用过去的某种时态,所以 B、D 不正确;根据句意可知此处用被动语态,故选 C。 答案:C 3.When I got on the bus, I________ I had left my wallet at home. A.was realizing C.have realized B.realized D.would realize

解析: 考查动词时态。 句意: 当我上了公共汽车的时候, 我意识到我把钱包忘在家里了。 题干在陈述过去发生的事情,要用一般过去时。 答案:B 4. People begin to know that most environmental problems exist because necessary measures for preventing them________ taken in the past. A.are not C.hadn't been B.were not D.wouldn't be

解析: 句意为: 人们开始了解到由于在过去没有采取必要的预防措施从而造成了大多数

的环境问题。in the past 暗示出用过去时态;hadn't been 指在一个过去的动作或时间之前发 生的事情;wouldn't be 表过去将来,故 B 项正确。 答案:B 5.The old man who ________ in the deserted house alone for ten years has been settled in a nursing home now. A.lived C.has been living B.has lived D.had lived

解析:由 has been settled in a nursing home now 可知,现在那位老人已经不住在那座空 寂无人的房子里了, 也就是说那位老人在那座废弃的房子里住了十年的动作并没有持续到现 在,与现在没有关系,不能用完成时,故排除 B、C、D。这里只表示过去曾经发生过某事, 应该用一般过去时,故选 A。 答案:A 6.—Monitor? —I'm not monitor of our class.I________ with the teacher until the monitor is elected. A.will just help C.am just helping B.am just to help D.have just helped

解析:考查时态。下句意为:我只是在帮助老师,直到选出班长为止。根据上下句语意 可知,此处用现在进行时,表示答话者当时所处的状态。 答案:C 7.The sky is clouding over;we can see there ________ a rainstorm. A.is going to be C.will be B.is going to have D.will have

解析 句意:天空乌云密布,看来要有暴风雨来临。根据某种迹象表明将要发生某事, 用 be going to do sth,且有 there be 结构,故选 A 项。 答案 A 8.Mary,I should tell you it is the third time that you________ your homework. A.forgot to do B.forgot doing

C.have forgotten to do D.had forgotten doing 解析:考查时态和非谓语动词。 “It is(was)the+序数词+time+that 从句” ,表示“是某人第 几次做某事” ,在此句型中,若前面为 it is,则 that 从句用现在完成时,若前面为 it was,则 that 从句用过去完成时;而 forget to do sth.表示忘了应去做某事,forget doing sth.表示忘了 已做过某事。根据语意可知此题应选 C。 答案:C 9.—I hear you________ at Smith's. —Yes,I________ there for about three months. A.work;had been working B.worked;was working C.are working;have been working D.worked;have worked 解析:本题考查时态。听说你正在 Smith's 上班,因此应该使用现在进行时态;我在那 里已经工作大约三个月了(可能还会持续下去),因此需要使用现在完成进行时态。 答案:C 10.—Why didn't you come to the cinema with us last Saturday? —Oh,sorry.But I________ the film. A.see C.have seen B.saw D.had seen

解析:考查动词的时态。由语意可知,这个电影在上周六(last Saturday)之前就已经看过 了,也就是说动作发生在“过去的过去” ,因此应该用过去完成时。 答案:D 11.Years ago we didn't know this, but recent science ________ that women who drink more than two cups of coffee every day are more likely to have heart disease than those who don't. A.showed B.has shown

C.will show

D.is showing

解析:根据语境可知,用现在完成时表示已经得出了该结论。句意:许多年前我们不知 道这点, 但是最近的科学研究已经表明每天喝两杯以上咖啡的妇女比那些不喝咖啡的妇女更 有可能患心脏病。 答案:B 12.—How did you like his speech? —Oh, it was very good.What he said ________ like poetry. A.sounded C.was sounded B.sound D.is sounded

解析:句意:——你觉得他的讲话怎么样?——哦,很棒,他讲的话听起来像诗歌。题 干中 did, was, said 都用了过去时,决定了 sound 要用过去时,又因 sound 在此为表示状态特 征的连系动词,用主动形式表被动含义,故选 A。 答案:A 13.I hope her health ________ greatly by the time we come back next year. A.improves C.will be improved B.improved D.will have improved

解析:考查动词时态。by the time we come back next year 是一个表示将来的时间状语, 主句谓语动词表示在将来某一时刻以前必定完成的行为,应该用将来完成时,故选 D。 答案:D 14.With the sharp drop of the share prices all around the world, some economists predicted that the second economic crisis ________ soon. A.came C.would come B.has come D.had come

解析:考查时态。根据时间状语 soon 可知此处用将来时态,本句的主句谓语动词为一 般过去时态,故此处应用过去将来时态。 答案:C 15.The famous writer ________ in a coal mine for 15 years. When he was 36, a person was to change his life.

A.has worked C.worked

B.had worked D.works

解析:考查动词的时态。根据语意可以判断此处描述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过 去时态。此处不强调一个动作对另一个动作的影响或动作的先后顺序,不用过去完成时。 答案:C


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