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双宾语的被动语态


双宾语的句子变被动
含有双宾语的动词在变为被动语态时,有以下三种情形: 一、有些双宾动词(如 award, buy, give, leave, lend, offer, pay, show, teach, tell 等)在变为被动语态时,既可把间接宾语(指人)变为被动语态的主语,而把直接宾 语(指事物)保留下来(称为保留宾语), 也可把直接宾语(指事物)变为被动语态的主

语,而把间接宾语改为介词 to 或 for 引起的状语(到底用 to 还是 for,与所搭配 的动词有关)。比较: He gave her some money. 他给她一些钱。 → She was given some money. →Some money was given to him. He bought her a watch. 他给她买了一快表。 → A watch was bought for her. →She was bought a watch. 二、有些双宾动词(如 bring, do, make, pass, sell, send, sing, write 等)通常用直 接宾语(指事物)作被动语态的主语, 而将间接宾语用作保留宾语(其前根据情况用 介词 to 或 for): Father made me a doll. → A doll was made for me. He wrote her a letter. → A letter was written to her. 三、有些双宾动词(如 answer, deny, envy, refuse, save, spare 等)通常用间接宾 语(指人)作被动语态的主语,而将直接宾语用作保留宾语: He answered me that question. → I was answered that question by him.

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双宾语的句子变被动有两种变法。 例:The old man told us a story yesterday.(那位老人昨天给我们讲了一个故 事。) 变法一:We were told a old story by the old man yesterday. 变法二:A old story was told to us by the old man yesterday.(这里要把省略的 to 加上) My father bought me a book. ---I was bought a book by my father.(把间接宾语提前) --- A book was bought for me by my father.(把直接宾语提前,注意在间接宾语 前添加相应的介词 for/to,buy 用 for) The teacher is going to tell us a story tomorrow. ----A story is going to be told to us by the teacher tomorrow . -----We are going to be told a story by the teacher tomorrow Their teacher has taught them an American song. -----An American song has been taught to them by their teacher ------They have been taught an American song by their teacher 1 He gave her some money. 他给她一些钱。 → She was given some money. →Some money was given to him. 2 He bought her a watch. 他给她买了一快表。 → A watch was bought for her. →She was bought a watch. 第一句中 give to sb. 是词组,而第二句中的是 buy sth. for sb. 也是词组。
Mother gave me a book last week,这句双宾语句怎么改被动语态? 这道题的原句 Mother gave me a book last week 是一般过去时,所以要改为一 般过去时的被动语态。

1.I was given a book by mother last week . 又因为是 give sth.to sb.所以变被动时 sth.提前 2.A book was given to me by mother last week.

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