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2013年高考英语 语法填空 专项训练 附答案


(1) In the United States, there were 222 people __1.______ (report) to be billionaires(亿万富翁) in 2003. The __2._______ (wealth) of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, who made hi

s money __3.______ starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old __4._______ he first helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire __5.______ the time he was 31. __6._________, there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even __7.__________ (young) ages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. __8._________ of these child actors made over a million dollars __9.____________ (act) in movies before they were 14. But __10.__________ youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurn und Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited (继承) a billion dollars when he turned 18 ! (2) In 1605 some Englishmen planned to kill their king, JamesⅠ, because they thought that he was a bad man. They knew that on November 5th the King Lords to talk with his nobles. The men rented a 2. (build) next to the House of Lords. They dug through a 1. go to the House of

wall and put many barrels of gunpowder in an underground room of the House of Lords. They 3. (choose)a man 4. 6. (call) Guy Fakes to set fire their plan. 5. 7.

the gunpowder, but something went wrong of the men had a relative 8.

was coming to the House of Lords to meet the King. He 9. nobles and soon the King underground rooms and found the

warned his relative to stay at home. The relative told heard about the danger. Soldiers searched
th

10.

gunpowder on November 4 , so Guy Fakes was caught and killed. (3) People __1.___________ (live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred __2.________ in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four __3.__________ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need __4.________ these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. __5._________ you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary __6.____________ (big). Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books __7.___________ (write) in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you come across __8.___________ new word, look it ___9.____________ in your dictionary. Your dictionary is

your __10.__________ (much) useful book. (4) When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets __1._____ the traffic drives on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first __2._____ then the left. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from _3.______, the streets are very busy. Traffic is most __4._______ (danger) then. When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, __5.______. Always remember that the traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful. __6._______ (have) a look first, or else you will go __7.___________ wrong way. In many English cities, there are big buses __8.__________ two floors. You can sit on the __9.________ (two) floor, from __10._______ you can see the city very well. It?s very interesting. (5) More than 7 million tickets will go on sale for the 2008 Beijing Olympics, which is more than the number of tickets 1 (sell) in the 2004 Athens Games, the Beijing

Organizing Committee for the Games of the 29th Olympiad (BOCOG) said on Friday. Of the tickets, about 4.9 million, the rest 30 per cent will be sold abroad. “Since we have more tickets,” said Rong Jun, an Department. It 6 (report) that Athens offered 5.3 million tickets 7 the 2004 3 5 (seat) than Athens, we can sell 4 2 70 per cent will be sold within China and

(office) from the BOCOG Marketing

Olympics. “The 8 (open) ceremony will be held in the National Stadium, 9 10 large number of seats will be taken by

is able to seat 91,000 people. Since

broadcasters and the media, there will be only about 60,000 for ordinary audience.” (6) Most Americans don?t like to get advice __1_____ members of their family. They get advice from “___2_____ (strange)”. When they need advice, they don?t usually go to people they know. __3______ many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines __4______ give advice on many different subjects ,__5_______ (include) family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, _6______ even on how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers __7_______ (regular) print letters from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are __8_______ written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, and _9___________ are lawyers or educators.

But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special __10_________ (train) for this kind of work. (7) Without proper __1________(plan), tourism can cause problems. For example, too many tourists can crowd public places __2_________ are also enjoyed by the inhabitants(居民) of a country. If tourism creates too much traffic, the inhabitants will become __3________ (annoy) and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists __4_______ to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the country?s economy. __5_________ is important to think about the people of a destination country and ___6________ tourism affects them. Tourism should help __7________ country keep the customs and beauty that attracts tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and ___8_______ (happy) of local inhabitants. Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism __9_________ (grow) too quickly, people must leave other jobs to work __10________ the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country?s economy can suffer. (8) London was awarded __1_______ 2012 Olympic Games on Wednesday, __2_________ (defeat) European rival Paris in the final round of voting to take the games back to British capital __3________ the first time since 1948. __4_______ Moscow, New York and Madrid were eliminated (淘汰) in the first three rounds London beat Paris 54 : 50 on the fourth ballot(投票表决) of the IOC. In London crowds cheered and waved flags as __5_______ watched the announcement from Singapore __6_______ a giant screen in Trafalgar Square and in the east London area __7______ the main Olympic complex (建筑群) will be based. Blair spent two days in lobbying(游说) in Singapore __8______ leaving to host the G8 summit (8 国峰会) in Scotland. “My promise to you is that we will be your very __9_______ (good) partners,” Blair said. It?s the fourth bid (申办) from Britain after __10__________ (fail) attempts(尝试;企图) by Birmingham for the 1992 Olympics and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000. (9) Why is setting goals so important? __1._________ goals can help you do, be, and experience everything __2._______ you want in life. Instead of just __3._______(let) life happen to you, goals allow yourself to make your life happen. __4.________ (success) and happy people have set lots of goals to help them reach their aims. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It?s __5._______ having a map to show you

__6.__________ you want to go. Winners in life set goals and follow through with them. Winners decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and __7.___________ (set) goals. __8.____________ (success) people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren?t difficult to set, and __9.___________aren?t difficult to reach. It is up to you to find out what your goals really are. You are _10._____________one who must decide what to do and in what direction to aim your life. (10) We often think of future. We often wonder __1________ the world will be like in a hundred years? time. Think ___2_____ space. Perhaps a permanent station on the moon ___3_____ (set up). Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as __4______. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, __5______ (permit) long journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space and visiting __6_______ planets. Great progress will have been made _____7___ medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years? time. __8________ the world will have been developed — even Antarctica. We will have used up most of the earth?s land to build our cities; __9_______ floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already had plans of this kind. And there will be cities __10______ the sea. (11) Thirty-two people watched Kitty Genovese windows. She was 2 neighbor. Yet 1 3 (kill) right below their of the 32 helped her. Not

one even called the police. John Barley and Bib Fatane went beyond the headlines to research into the 4 people didn?t act. They found that a person has to go through two steps 5 6 reasons he

can help. First he has to notice that it is coming into the room 7

emergency(紧急情况). Is the smoke

a leak in the air conditioning? Is it “steam pipes”? Or is it really

smoke from a fire? It?s not always easy to tell if you are faced with a real emergency. Second, and 8 important, the person faced with an emergency must feel personally 10 9

(responsibility). He must feel that he must help, needs. (12) Experiments have proved that children can 1

the person won?t get the help he

(instruct) in swimming at a very 2 (hold)

early age. At a special swimming pool in Los Angeles, children become expert at their breath under water even before they can walk. 3

(baby) of two

months old do not appear to be reluctant to enter the water. It is not long accustomed to swimming 5

4

they are so

they can pick up weights from the floor of the pool. A 6 (swim) is the underwater tricycle race.

game that is very popular with these young

Tricycles are lined up on the floor of the pool seven feet under water. The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool. Many pedal their tricycles, them prefer to push or drag them. Some children 9 8 7 most of

cover the whole length of the pool

coming up for breath even once. Whether they will ever become future Olympic 10 among us

champions, only time will tell. Meanwhile, they should encourage who cannot swim five yards before they are gasping for air. (13) Soon after Dave left college, one of his uncles, children of his own died and 2 1

was rich and had no

(leave) Dave a lot of money, so he decided to set up his

own real estate agency(地产公司). He found a nice office, 3 (buy) some new furniture and moved in. He had only 4 the door of his office. 5 telephone and

been there for a few hours when he heard someone coming

“It?s my first customer!” he thought. He quickly picked up pretended to be very busy 6 7

(answer)an important call from someone in New York

wanted to buy a big and expensive house in the country. The man knocked at the door 8 this was going on, came in and waited 9

(polite) for the agent to finish his conversation. Then he said to him, “I?m from the telephone company, and I 10 (send) here to connect your telephone.” (14) The Internet has become part of young people?s life. _1. _______ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet. Most of them get _2.________ (use) information on the Internet _3._______ use the Internet to help with their studies. But many students don?t use it _4.________ a good way. Some play games too much, and some visit websites __5.__________ shouldn?t look at. So bad things may happen __6._________ students spend too much time on the Internet. __7._______ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, __8._______ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful __9._______(advise). Some students also make friends on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face _10.__ ______ (meet) with your online friends, please let your parents know and meet in a proper place. (15)

Rivers are one of our most important natural resources. Many of the world?s great cities are located on rivers, and almost __1_______ country has at least one river __2_______(flow) through it that plays __3________ important part in the lives of its people. Since the beginning of history, people _4______________ (use) rivers for transportation. The longest one in the United States is the Mississippi, and the lifeline of Egypt is the Nile. __5_____________ transportation, rivers give water to drink, water for crops, and chances for fun and recreation (消遣,娱乐活动)for the people __6________________ live along their banks. However, large cities and industries that are located on rivers often make problems. As the cities grow __7____________ size and industries increase in number, the water in the rivers becomes __8_____________ (pollute) with chemicals and other materials. People come to kwon the __9_____________ (important) of doing more to keep their rivers clean __10_____________ they want to enjoy the benefits of this natural resource. (16) Liu Xiang was the first Asian __1_________ (win) the men?s 110m hurdles at the Olympics in Athens. __2_____ that, he became an idol(偶像) to the young people. “I never thought I would run under 13 seconds and break the Olympic record.” said Liu Xiang in tears, “I am very, very excited. I?m _3_________(pride) not just for myself and for Chinese __4______ for Asia. My race went __5_________ (wonderful) from start to finish.” Liu added. “It is __6________ amazing experience being the Olympic champion. I want to thank my coach and my friends for _7________their help. I think today we Chinese have showed the world that we _8________ run as fast as anybody else.” Since his return from Athens, Liu Xiang has been at the center of a media circus and he has been to many press appearances and meetings. _9_______ Liu thinks 2004 is just the beginning, and he expects to be at his peak in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Liu said, “For some players, it?s just a job. For me, it?s __10_________ I love.” (17) We are what we eat. What we are 1. (accustom) eating every day has a great to 2. effort 3.

effect on our health. Consequently (As a result), we should make

to change our bad eating habits. As we all know , baked or fried foods may be (taste), but eating too much of them will probably 4.

(短语)some illnesses. 5. junk

In addition, some food which costs us a great deal of money is not healthy, food. 6.

people like to eat is various from culture to culture. Compared with people 7.

in the West, Chinese people used to eat more grain, more vegetables and less meat,

is a good eating habit. 9.

8.

, things are quite different now. With the rapid economic

(grow) of our country, we also eat a lot of food high in sugar and fat. If you take a

casual look at people in the street, what impresses you will probably be the fact that there are a lot more fat people than ever before. We are at risk when 10. (eat)out without

considering the balance of our food . To be healthy, we must keep it in our mind that the food we choose to eat should give us the nutrients(营养) we need. (18) Once upon a time, a poor boy together with his mother lived in a mountainous village. In his childhood the boy often cheated 1 boys out of money and things, but his mother 2 3 (mother) (apologize)

quickly saw through his deception and criticized him. With his education, he also felt a sense of injustice about his deeds and made an

to others. His mother did everything in her power to change his faulty. She sent him to a school, ___4_ _ he worked very hard. Five years later, he stood out among his classmates and 5 (interest) in

was always thought highly of by all his teachers. He became literature and enjoyed 6 Prejudice, Jane Eyre, 7

(read)many famous literature works, such as Pride and which he was able to improve his writing skills. _ 8

he graduated from school, he became a journalist in a newspaper of the city. He hailed (呼吁) the 9 (equal) man in his articles. In the end, many people would like to read his articles of 10 (publish). (19) It is not polite to arrive at a dinner party more than 15 to 20 minutes 1 .

as soon as they

The host or hostess usually waits for all the guests to arrive before serving the meal. If someone is late, the food may be spoiled, and so might the host or hostess?s spirits. If you have to be late, call and tell them to start 2 It?s even 3 you.

(bad) to be early! The host or hostess will probably not be ready. If you are 4 the right time.

early, drive or walk around the block a few times, or just sit in your car

Though it is often important to arrive on time, yet on the other hand, for open houses, the host or hostess invites guests to arrive and leave time within the time he or she gives you. It?s polite to bring an empty stomach, but it?s even nicer to bring a small present. The present should not cost a lot, or you might embarrass the host or hostess. a box of candy will do fine. Never bring money as a present. In an 7 (introduce), the order of a name is: (1) 、 given name; 、 the (2) 8 6 (flower), wine, or 5 a certain time. You can arrive at any

the family name. In other words the given name comes first. It?s important not

to learn and remember names, but to respect them often in the introduction,we usually call friends 10

9

(converse). After

their given names. Older people may

want you call them their titles and family names, such as “Mr. Jones”、 “Mrs. Johnson” or “Dr. Brown”. (20) In the small towns of the United States in the store was 2 1 (nineteen) century, the general 3 grow at life at that time. foods that the farm ; shirts for the men; or 8 (thank) for

everyone bought the things he couldn?t make 4 (tell) a great deal about 5 6

home. What the stores sold

People bought tools that they needed for farm work; salt, sugar and didn?t produce; articles of clothing that they couldn?t make 7

clothes for the children. Life was simple then. One feels that people were what they had and that they looked 9

with courage to whatever the future brought. It

would be interesting to know how they would feel about the life today. Would it seem to them that life is too complex? Would they enjoy 10 (21) When I was in Germany, one day at Christmas time I went to a post office to send a letter. (1) my surprise. I found people queuing some paces away (2)___ (存款)window. Why so? Each did his business in turn (3) the person at the savings deposit the line never moved a step nearer. (live) a life as we do now?

I was very curious, so I walked to the window to find out the (4)_____. There was a notice on (5) ____ was written “Thank you for your respect for others? privacy”, a polite warning to keep people away from nosing into(干涉)others? affairs. Money matters are (6)___as privacy in Western countries. I was deeply impressed by the sight and stayed a while to watch: they were waiting so calmly at a distance that they seemed quite used to the practice .The same thing happened at a public telephone box. Those waiting for their turns always kept their distance enough to be out of hearing. It?s another typical example! From then on, I took care to watch their ways of doing things, manners, and treatment shown towards others. I found the Germans always (7) ___________ (mind) of others? privacy. They avoided putting others in an embarrassing situation. For instance, they never asked about age, incomes or the place to buy such a coat, nor (8)______ ______ they comment on the clothes or jewelry others wore. Their laws forbid reading diaries (9)___ __________opening letters without (10)______ ______ (permit). That shows personal matters are not allowed to be disturbed. (22) Do you feel 1 difficult to be happy all the time? Now I?ll give you some tips(秘诀) 2 3 (self) because unselfishness is the key

how to make yourself happy. One way is being

factor

4

(require) if you want to get along well with others. By 6

5

(say) being

unselfish we mean we

not want everything our own way or demand the best share of people. You?ll find most people

everything. Another way is to look for good points in 7

pleasant to get along with and it will surely make you happy. Third, you cannot expect to be too perfect, 8 don?t be too unhappy when you make a mistake. Everything will be OK if you 9 (bad)

try to make things right. Finally, it is important to remember that while you are not than others, chances you have may not be much better. In this case, happy is to think yourself above other people. (23) Good afternoon, principal, teachers and all students. It is my 1 10

surest way to be

(honorable) to be here

to give a talk to all of you. I have studied in this school for five years. In these five years, I learned one precious thing important not only to me 2 to all of you here, and it is “reading”. I 3 up a lot of time but

can always gain knowledge from reading. Reading doesn?t

I gain a lot. Now I would like to share my reading experiences with you. I once read a book Rare Air: Michael on Michael 4 (write) by the greatest

basketball player in the history, Michael Jordan. While we envy his great achievement in the basketball and business aspects, few of us focus on his spirit of persistence. In the book, he talks about his experience of 5 he walks on the path to success. In order to join the

NBA, he put in every effort to strengthen his muscle, to improve his skills 6 training hard. Because of his efforts, he successfully entered the NBA. However, he did not stop his training. 7 8 , the training was even stricter,

prepared him to deny(否认) the statement released by the public, “Michael is a

weak guy!” While the criticism against him diminished(减少; 减小; 缩减), he worked even harder to achieve his next goal — the championship of the NBA. Finally, he succeeded. People honor Michael as “God of basketball” not only for his great basketball skills, but also mainly for his spirit of persistence. While we admire his spirit, we can follow(追求;追逐) his spirit as well. Michael should be our example; we ought to learn from him. As/So long as(只要) we work hard, nothing is impossible. Bear in mind that all of you have the same quality. Nobody is born wise. Putting in effort is the only but 9 (effect) way to advancement. My

fellow schoolmates, before I go, I would like to encourage all of you that we should work as hard as we 10 . When you grow up, you may be the one who is admired by the

community. My fellow schoolmates, let?s work hard together! Work for our future!

Thank you.

“语法填空”题 专项训练 23 套 参考答案 (1) 1. reported 6. However (2) 1. would 6. with (3) (4) 2. wealthiest 7. younger 2. building 7. One 3. by 8. Both 3. chose 8. who 4 .when 9. acting 4. called 9. other 5. to 10. the 5. by 10 .the

1 living 2 languages 3 or/to 4 all 5 Before 6 bigger 7 written 8 a 9 up 10 most 1 because 6 Have 2 and 7 the 2. or 7. for 2 strangers 7 regularly 2 that/which 7a 2 defeating 7 where 2. that 7. setting 2 of 7 in 3 for 8 before 3 work 8 with 3. seats 8. opening 3 Instead 8 answers 3 annoyed 8 happiness 4 After 9 best 3. letting 8. Unsuccessful 4 dangerous 9 second 4. more 9. which 4 that/which 9 others /some 4 and 9 grows 5 they 10 failed 4 . Successful 9. they 5. like 10. the 5 permitting 10 under 5 It 10 in 5 too 10 where 5. official 10. a 5 including 10 training

(5)

1.sold 6. is reported

(6)

1 from 6 and

(7)

1 planning 6 how

(8)

1 the 6 on

(9)

1. Because 6. where

(10) 1 what 6 other

3 will have been set up 8 All

4 tourists/visitors/travelers 9 so/thus/therefore

(11) 答案与解析: 本文是讲 John Barley 和 Bib Fatane 对人们见死不救的原因研究后,发现人们出手帮助前 会思考两个步骤:一是要紧急情况,二是要是自己的责任且自己是唯一能够给予帮助的人。 1. being killed 因 Kitty Genovese 与 kill 是被动关系,又根据 watch sb. doing/do/done 的句型 要求,可知应填 killed 或 being killed;由后文看到她被打而没人帮助可知,应当是指她 在被打的过程中没人去帮助,因此用 being killed 更好。 2. their 因 Kitty Genovese 是看到她被打的那 32 个人的邻居。 3.none 由 Yet 和后面的 Not one even called the police.可知,32 人中“没有一个人”帮助她。 4. why why 引导的定语从句,修饰先行词 reasons。 5. before 两句之间必定是填连词,“经历两个步骤”应发生在“提供帮助”之前,即先思考再 行动。 6. an 单数可数名词前一定是填限定词,含“一种”之意,用不定冠词 an。

7. from “烟进房间”应当是“来自”“空调漏洞(leak)”。 8. more 与前条相比,这是“更重要”。 9. responsible 因 feel 作“感到”解是联系动词,后面应当用形容词作表语。 10. or 因前后两句之间缺连词,应当填连词;根据两分句间的意思应填“否则”。 (12) 答案与解析: 1. be instructed 因 instructed 与 children 是动宾关系, 要用被动语态, 即“be+动词的过去分 词”,情态动词后用动词原形。 2. holding 由 under water 可知是“屏住气”,固定搭配 hold one?s breath;又因在介词(at)后要 用动词的-ing 形式。 3. Babies 由上下文可知是指“二个月大的婴儿”,baby 的复数是变 y 为 i 再加 es。 4. before 因 it is not long before…(不久以后就)是固定句型。 5. that 因为 so…that…(如此……以致……)是固定句型。 6. swimmers 由 with 可知,后接的是名词,又由 young 和句意可知是指人,即“游泳者”,且 为复数。 7. but 前后是转折关系。 8. can 由语境可知空格单词意思为“能够”。

9. without 由语境可知是“不用冒出水面呼吸”。 10. those 由语境,特别是 among us 和后面的 who 引导的定语从句可知,指“那些人”。 (13) 答案与解析: 1. who 定语从句, 指 David 的叔叔。 2. left 指 David 的叔叔死后“留下”遗产。 3. bought 由前面的 found 和后面的 and moved 可知, 三个动词是并列的, A, and C。 即 B 4. towards 由 heard someone coming 可知,是“朝着”他的办公司走过来,较表示“到达”的 to 要好。 5. the 特指他办公室的那部电话。 6. answering 表示“接”电话,习惯上用 answer,因 be busy doing 可知,用 answering。 7. who,定语从句,先行词是人 someone,且在定语从句中作主语,用 who。 8. while/when 由后面的 waited 可知,进来时 David 还在打电话,所以用 while/when。 9.politely 修饰动词 waited 用副词,在形容词后加 ly。 10. was sent 因 send 与 I 是被动关系,且是到此之前领导派我来的。 (14) 1 A 2 useful 3 and 4 in 5 they 6 if 2. flowing 8 polluted 3 an 7 It 8 which 9 advice 10 meeting 4 have used 5 Besides

(15) 1. every / each 6 who 7 in

9 importance 10 if

(16) 1 to win 2 After 3 proud 4 but (also) 5 wonderfully 6 an 7 all 8 can 9 But 10 what 3. tasty 4. result in / lead to 5. but

(17) 1. accustomed

2. an / every

6 .What (18)

7 .which

8 .However

9 .growth

10. eating

本文讲述了一位母亲从发现她儿子的错误,接着改变其错误,进而把他转变 为一名好学并对文学产生兴趣的学生,最终成为了城里一家报纸的记者的故事。 1. other 由语境可知他骗“其他男孩”的钱财。 2. mother?s 由前文“母亲识破并批评了他”可知,“由于他母亲的教育,他感到……”。 3. apology 4. where 先行词 school 在从句中作地点状语,用 where 引导非限制性定语从句。 5. interested 表示变得“对(文学)感兴趣”,用-ed 形容词。 6. reading 因 enjoy 后接动词-ing 形式作宾语。 7. from 指从那些名著中提高了写作技巧。 8. After 他成为记者应是在毕业之后。 9. equality 因 the 后一定是名词,用 equality(平等) 。 10. were published

(19) 1. late 6 . Flowers (20) 1. nineteenth 6. other (21) 1. To

2. without 7 . introduction 2. where 7. themselves 2. from

3. worse 8. only 3. or 8. thankful 3 but. 7. mindful 8. would 3. unselfish 8. so 3.take

4. until 9. conversation 4. tells 9. forward 4. cause 9. or

5. between 10. by 5. the 10. living 5.which 10. permission 5. saying 10. the 5.how 10.can

6. regarded/considered (22) 1. it 6. should

2. on / about 7. other

4. required 9. worse 4.written 9.effective

(23) 1.honour (honor) 6.by

2.but(but also)

7. Instead 31

8.which

Bennet Cerf tells this 32___ a back road in the South.

(touch) story about a bus that was bumping (颠簸而行)

In one seat sat an old man holding a bunch of fresh flowers. Across the aisle (通道) a young girl whose eyes came back again and again 35 the old man to get off. Without much thinking, 34 36

33

the man?s flowers. The time came thrust the flowers into the girl?s 38 like 40

lap. “I can see you love ___37

flowers,” he explained, “and I think my wife

for you to have them. I?ll tell her I gave __ _39

to you.” The girl accepted the flowers,

then watched the old man get off the bus and walk through the gate of a small cemetery (墓地). (2) When I was growing up, I do not recall hearing the words “I love you” from my father. When your father never says ___31___ to you when you are a child, it gets tougher and tougher for him

___32___ (say) those words as he gets ___33___ (old). To tell the truth, I could not honestly remember ___34___ I had last said those words to him either. I decided to set my ego (自我) aside and make the first move. ___35___ some hesitation, in our next phone conversation I blurted out (突然说出) the words, “Dad … I love you!” There was a silence at the ___36___ end and he ___37___ (awkward) replied, “Well, same back at you!” I laughed and said, “Dad, I know you love me, and when you are ready, I know you ___38___ (say) what you want to say.” A few weeks later, Dad concluded our phone conversation ___39___ the words, “Paul, I love you.” I was at work during this conversation and the tears were rolling down my cheeks ___40___ I finally “heard” the love. As we both sat there in tears we realized that this special moment had taken our father-son relationship to a new level. (3) One day a farmer?s donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried piteously ___31___ hours as the farmer tried to figure out what to do. Finally, he decided the animal was old, and the well needed ___32_______ (cover) up anyway; it just wasn't worth ___33____ to save the donkey. He invited all his neighbors to come over and help him. They all grabbed a shovel(铲) and began to shovel dirt into the well. At first, the donkey realized ___34___ was happening and cried horribly. Then, to everyone?s amazement, he quieted down. A few shovel loads later, the farmer finally looked down the well. He _35_______ (astonish) at what he saw. With each shovel of dirt __36____ hit his back, the donkey was doing something _37______ (amaze). He would shake it off and take a step up. __38____ the farmer?s neighbors continued to shovel dirt on top of the animal, he would shake it off and take a step up. Pretty soon, everyone was amazed as the donkey stepped up over __39____edge of the well and happily ran off! Each of our troubles is a steppingstone. We can get out of the deepest wells just ___40___ not giving up! Shake it off and take a step up. (4) Night after night, she came to tuck me in, even long after my childhood years. ___31_____ (follow) her longstanding custom, she?d lean down and push my long hair out of the way, then kiss my forehead. I don?t remember ___32___ it first started annoying me — her hands pushing my hair that way. Finally, one night, I shouted out at her, “Don?t do that anymore — your hands are too rough!” She didn?t say ___33____ in reply. But never again ___34_____ my mother close out my day

___35_____ that familiar expression of her love. Time after time, with the passing years, my __36______ (think) returned to that night. By then I missed my mother?s hands, — missed her goodnight kiss on my forehead. Now those hands I once thought to be so rough were still doing things for me and my family. I frequently recalled the night my young voice complained. One night, catching Mom?s hand in hand, I blurted out how sorry I was for that night. I thought she?d remember, ___37_____ I did. But Mom didn?t know what I ___38_____ (talk) about. She had forgotten — and forgiven — long ago. That night, I fell asleep with a new ___39_______ (appreciate) for my gentle mother and ___40_____ caring hands. And the guilt that I had carried around for so long was nowhere to be found. (5) There are moments in life ___31____ you miss someone so much that you just want to pick them from your dreams and hug(拥抱) them for real! When the door of happiness closes, __32_____ opens, but often we look so long at the closed door ___33____ we don?t see the one which has been opened for us.

Don?t go for looks; they can deceive (欺骗). Don?t go for wealth; even that fades away. Go for someone ___34__ bright. Dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be __35__ you want to be. __ makes you smile because it takes only a smile to make a dark day seem

The ___36__(happy) of people don?t ___37__(necessary) have the best of everything; they just make the most of everything that ___38__ (come) along their way. The brightest future will always be based on a _39____ (forget) past. When you were born, you were crying and everyone _40____ you was smiling. Live your life so that when you die, you?re the one who is smiling and everyone around you is crying. (6) A motto is a sentence or a phrase ____31____ can inspire us especially when we are __32______(face) with difficulties. Many of us have our mottoes, such as “Where there is a will, there is a way.” Or “Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.”, and so on. My motto is “God helps those who help __33______.” Sometimes I am lazy and don?t want to make efforts _34_______( work) hard, __35______ the moment I think of my motto I will get energetic again and devote myself __36______ what I am doing. I write my motto __37______ I can see it easily. Every time I fail in my exam and begin to lose heart, the sight of my motto inspires me with much

____38____(confident). My motto also makes me become __39______ independent person. That is to say, I won?t rely on others easily. My friends, what is your motto? If you still haven?t got a motto, please choose _40_______ because a motto can have a great effect on you. (7) In today?s competitive world, the ability to work happily with other people is a good way of marking yourself out from everybody __31____. While teamwork may offer the chance to blame others ___32___ your mistakes, you can never blame __33__ for your failings as a teammate.

Get to know one another, so you can build up a group and combine your advantages. Find out each other?s values, weaknesses, and past __34______ (achieve). Don?t shy away from(避开, 躲避) disagreements, __35__ __ work out how __36__ (deal) with them. Humor can be a good way, so have a laugh together. Before getting down to business, it?s important to establish ground rules. First, make sure you all share the same idea of time. Will 9:30 am meetings take place at midday? Then, work out how you are going to make decisions. These are probably __37__ (well) made at a formal meeting and communicated by e-mail. You must also agree with your teammate _38__ will be responsible for making decisions. Even if you have decided __39__ decisions don?t have to be agreed on, it is important that every team member __40____(keep) active. (8) During the Spring and Autumn Period, the State of Wu launched an attack against the State of Yue. The king of Wu was seriously wounded and soon died. ____31____ son Fu Chai became the new king. Fu was determined to revenge(复仇). He drilled his army strictly __32______ it was a perfect fighting force. Three years later, he led his army ____33____ the State of Yue and caught its king Gou Jian. In order to avenge(复仇) his father?s _34____(die), Fu let him live in a shabby stone house by his father?s tomb and ordered him to raise horses for him. Gou pretended to be loyal to Fu _35____ he never forgot his humiliation (羞辱). Many years later, he __36____ (set) free. Gou secretly accumulated a military force after he went back to his own state. In order to make himself tougher he slept on firewood and ate a gall-bladder(苦胆) __37____ having dinner and going to bed every night. At the same time he administered his state carefully, _38_______ (develop) agriculture and educating the people. After a few years, his country became strong. Then Gou seized a favorable opportunity to wipe off the State of Wu. Later, people use it to describe one _39_______ endures(忍受) self-imposed(自愿接受的) hardships to _40__________ (strong) one?s resolve(决心) to realize one?s ambition.

(9) Although it could not compete with the speed of email today, the 1800?s experienced a revolution in communication that played an important role in creating the tradition of the Christmas greeting card. ____31____(help) by the new railway system, the public postal service made corresponding a popular past time. In England, Sir Henry Cole recognized the advantage of ___32____ more efficient mail service and initiated (开始) the practice of sending Christmas greeting cards __33_____ friends. The first card ___34___ (design) by J.C.Horsley as a commercial endeavor. One thousand copies were sold in London, ____35____ soon others followed suit. An English

____36____(art), William Egley, produced a popular card in 1849. Louis Prang, a German born printer, working from ____37____ shop in Massachusetts, printed his first American cards in 1875. Even more ____38____ (importance) than his printing was the fact ____39____ he did more than anyone else to popularize the cards by instituting nationwide contests for the best Christmas designs, __40______ were awarded cash prizes. (10) The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month according to the Chinese calendar. For thousands of years, the festival __31__________ (mark) by eating zong zi and racing dragon boats in honour of Qu Yuan, who is said to have committed suicide(自杀) by drowning himself. Qu was a minister of the State of Chu ____32____ (situate) in present-day Hunan and Hubei provinces, during the Warring States Period(战国时期). He was upright, loyal and highly respected. ____33____, he was dismissed from office. ____34____ (realize) that the country was in the hands of evil officials, Qu leapt into River Miluo on the fifth day of the fifth month. Nearby fishermen rushed over to save him but were ____35____ (able) to recover his body. The people of Chu ____36____ mourned Qu?s death threw rice into the river to feed his ghost ____37____ year on the day of his death. But one year, the spirit of Qu appeared and told the mourners that a huge reptile (爬行动物) the river had stolen the rice. The spirit then advised in __38______ to wrap the rice and bind it _39_______ throwing it into the river. During the Duanwu Festival, zong zi is eaten to symbolize(象征,表示) the rice offerings to Qu. And the dragon-boat races symbolize __40______ many attempts to rescue and recover Qu's body. (11) This Thursday is Thanksgiving Day in the United States. Americans ____31____(tradition) gather for a large holiday meal with family and friends. Most schools ____32____ (close) Friday

for Thanksgiving break. Some students get all week off. So where does this leave international students? We asked a few colleges and universities ____33____ the country for this week?s report. In the Northeast, Green Mountain College has twenty-nine international students this year out of _34_______ student population of about eight hundred. Dick Weis,the director of international programs, says teachers and __35______ (coach) invite international students to their homes for Thanksgiving. Professor Weis is having six or seven at his house for the holiday. Local organizations also get involved, _36_______ a group called the Atlanta Ministry with International Students. It arranges for students in the Atlanta area to celebrate Thanksgiving with American families. The group also has a program ____37____(call) Christmas International House. In the Midwest, Morningside College has more than one thousand students, fourteen of ____38____ this year are from ____39____ countries. International student adviser Nadia Sifri says they are connected with local host families when they first arrive. The families provide a home away from home, she says, ____40____ they generally invite the students to spend Thanksgiving with them. (12) The period we normally think of 31 “ancient Egypt” is the time 32 Egypt was 33 the

ruled by the pharaohs (法老王) — after 3000 B.C. But who lived in Egypt pharaohs? In the early Stone Age, people in Egypt lived on sites fairly high 34

on the land above

the Nile from the Delta to Aswan. From about 5000 B.C., settlers came to Egypt from Palestine and Syria, 35 the Libyan tribes living to the west, 36 from Nubia in the south. 37 39

Shortly before 3000 B.C., traders from southern Iraq also sailed to Egypt and some, (attract) by the fertility of the country, stayed ___38 . Soon these early settlers began

(grow) barley (大麦) and domesticate(驯养) cattle, and to build villages of mud huts in parts of the flood plain 40 seemed safe from the annual Nile flood. (13) All over the world, people move from place to place. More and more people (leave) towns and farms to move to cities. This urbanization. Often, people move to cities jobs 34 33 32 31

(move) to cities is called

(find) jobs. Farms do not have enough

the growing population. Cities offer factory and service jobs such as working

in restaurants. Almost half the world?s people live in cities. Mexico City?s population more than tripled (增 至三倍) 35 1960 and 2000. Other cities in Latin America, Asia, and Africa are growing

just

36

fast.

People also move from country to country. They emigrate, or leave their home country to live in ___37 country. In their new country, these people are called immigrants. Some are (rich) nations. Others are running 39 from wars, too little 40 are people

looking for jobs in ___38

food, and other problems in their home countries. These people are refugees. who run to another country to get away from danger or disaster. (14)

British educators ___31___ a six-day trip to China have said the language of Chinese is becoming much accepted by British youth. A 110-member-team of UK educational personnel from Kent County and Wales ___32___ (visit) the Confucius Institute(孔子学院) headquarters in Beijing, and set up to promote the Chinese language and culture. Joanna Burke, ___33___ (culture) councillor(议员)of the British Embassy in China, applauded(赞成,赞许) the moves of Hanban, China?s Office of Chinese Language Council International, to promote the Chinese culture globally. “I think __34__ is essential for the UK to engage with China ___35___(have) more young people ___36___ learn Chinese and understand China in order to become full global citizens engaged in the requirement of ___37___ 21st century.” Official figures show ___38___ 400 middle and primary schools in the UK have Chinese language classes. Lessons are also available ___39___ college students in many universities, __40____ (include) Oxford and Cambridge. Chinese culture can also be learnt at the 12 Confucius Institutes and 14 Confucius Classes in the UK. (15) Making new friends means __31______(put) yourself out on a limb and asking others not only to accept you, but to like you and want to be around you as well. ____32____(fortunate), there is no magical solution ____33____ this part of the process, so if you want to make friends, take a deep breath and jump right in! _34____ first step to making new friends is figuring out what is holding you back. A lot of times people _35____ are interested in making new friends don?t know why they don?t have them already. They can?t see that __36____ own actions are working against them. Once you can identify(确认,确定) what is keeping you from making new friends, you need to work through these concerns. This can be painful ___37_____ you will need to put yourself outside of your comfort zones to see any real differences.

The next step is to shine in these social settings so that others will leave with a positive ____38____ (impress). If you find social situations hard, just rely on a few simple rules. When you feel ____39____ (confidence) that you?ve made some great new friends, get out there and celebrate with them! No matter ____40____ you decide to do, the important thing is to celebrate your new friends and hopefully continue cultivating more. (16) Although many high school dropouts leave school permanently, some dropouts later reenter school. __31______(approximate) 10 percent of the sophomores (大二学生) ____32____ dropped out between 1980 and 1982 returned to school by ____33____ fall of 1982. Generally, high school reentrants differ ____34____ typical dropouts in several school and student characteristics. Background attributes and test score performance __35______ (associate) with low dropout rates tend to be related to higher-than-average reentry rates. For example, reentry rates among 1980 sophomore dropouts were about one-fifth __36______ (high) in the Northeast and North Central regions than in the South or West. Among whites, reentry rates in the West were one-third lower than in other regions. ___37_____ blacks, reentry rates in the Northeast (14 percent) __38______ (be) substantially higher than those in the South (6 percent). Hispanic dropouts in the North Central region were three times __39______ likely to return to school as those in the Northeast or West. Hispanics in the South were twice as likely to reenter as __40______ in the Northwest or West. (17) They called her “the Black Pearl”, “the Black Gazelle” and “the fastest woman in the world.” In nineteen sixty, Wilma Rudolph became the first American woman ___31___ (win) three gold medals in one Olympics. She was __32____ extraordinary American athlete. She also did a lot to help young athletes ___33___ (success). Wilma Rudolph was born ___34___a very large, poor, African-American family. She was the ___35___ (twenty) of twenty-two children. She was born too early and only ___36___ (weigh) two kilograms. She had many illnesses ___37___ she was very young, including pneumonia(肺炎) and scarlet fever. She also had polio (小儿麻痹症), ___38___ damaged her left leg. When she was six years old, she began to wear metal leg braces because she could not use _39_____leg. With her family?s attention and care, ___40___(lucky), by the time she was nine years old, she no longer needed her leg braces. (18) Scientists have developed a non-stick chewing gum. The new gum can _31_____ (remove) easily from pavements, shoes and clothes. It?s the result of polymer (聚合体) research at the

University of Bristol and could be launched commercially in 2008. ___32___it catches on(流行), the product will solve __33____ major headache for present authorities around the world. “The advantage of our Clean Gum is that ___34___ has a great taste, it is easy to remove and has the potential to be __35__________ (environment) degradable (可降解的),” said Terence Cosgrove, a professor of chemistry __36___ helped to found a company called Revolymer to commercialize the technology. Today?s chewing gums are made from synthetic(人工制造的) latex(植物的乳汁), which is resistant _37____ the weather and is strongly sticky. The new gum adds a special polymer to modify(修改,改变) its properties(特性), _38_____ (make) it far __39___sticky. In two street trials, other commercial gums remained stuck to the pavement ___40___ Clean Gum came away(脱掉,脱落) naturally in all cases. (19) In social life, time plays a very important part.In the U.S.A.,guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation 32 31 a dinner party is extended only three or four days 33 areas

the party date.But it is not true in all countries.In

of the world, it may be considered foolish to make 34

appointment too far in 35

advance because plans that are made for a date more than a week away tend

(forget). meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. The Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from cultures 36 time is treated differently.Promptness is valued

highly in American life, for example.If people are not punctual, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully 37 business associate 38 (responsibility). In the U.S.A. no one would think of keeping a (wait) for an hour; 39 would be too 40

impolite . A person who is 5 minutes late will say a few words of explanation, perhaps he will not complete the sentence. (20)

Tony, a robot made by Larry Belmond?s company, was expected to do house work. And it was tested out by Larry?s wife, Claire, when he was handsome and smooth-haired Tony left Claire 32 31 (absence) for three weeks. The

(alarm) at first sight of Tony because

he was too handsome for a machine. When Tony offered to help her dress, Claire felt embarrassed. But when Tony?s sympathy won her trust Claire told Tony how she and her home weren?t elegant(优雅的,极好的) and how she envied Gladys Claffern, one of the richest and most powerful women around. As Tony made effort to help Claire get herself and her home (improve), Claire began to feel her earlier attitude 唐的,不合理的). 34 33

Tony really absurd(荒唐可笑的,荒

Then one day, Claire got protected from a rude salesman by ringing

35

Tony and 36

asking the man to speak to Tony but found her “affair” with Tony discovered as she turned to see Gladys Claffern standing nearby. But then Claire, 37

(advise) by Tony, 38

arranged a party to invite Gladys and her friends to the house when it was (complete) transformed.

The love scene well planned by Tony without Claire?s knowledge won Claire a sweet victory as her guests had seen everything, but she shouted “Leave me alone!” and cried her heart out. 39 be 40 Tony caused no risk to Claire?s marriage, he was finally taken back to the company to (built), for he was a heartbreaker for women! 高考英语语法填空专题模拟练习答案与解析 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------(1)本文转述的是一个发生在巴士上的动人故事。直到故事结束处读者才明白那位老人 是把准备祭拜亡妻的鲜花送给了年轻姑娘。 31. touching。故事令人感伤或令人动容,由touch加-ing构成形容词touching,做story的 定语。 32. along。这句说巴士沿南方偏远的道路颠簸前行。用along(沿着)表明是在行进途中, 为后面的故事营造出一个背景。 33. was / sat。这是一个倒装句,说过道对面坐着一个年轻姑娘,主句缺少谓语动词,可 以用动词was或sat。 34. to。说姑娘不断打量着老人手中的鲜花,“…eyes came to.”, 讲目光所至,故填 to。 35. for。常用结构 time for sb. to do sth. ,填for。 36. he。这里讲把鲜花塞进姑娘的怀里的人,当然是那个old man了,自然是用he指代。 37. the。这里需要用冠词the,来表示喜欢老人手里的鲜花,有所特指,填the。 38. would。读到后文我们知道老人的妻子已经去世(他是前往墓地去看望她),这里是 说“我的妻子(如果有知)也会愿意将鲜花送给你的”,这是老人的推断,正是would的一种 用法。 39. them。用them指代flowers。 40. and。 这个空格恰好位于两个并列谓语(accepted the flowers和watched the old man) 之间,自然是用并列连词and。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(2)这是一篇亲情故事。虽父子情深,父亲却不习惯对儿子说“I love you”。儿子决定采 取主动,在电话中对父亲说出了“I love you”。几周后父亲也以对儿子说“I love you”来结束通 话。电话两端,父子双双感动得热泪盈眶。 31. them。指代“the words ?I love you?”,words 为复数,用 them。

32. to say。不定式作真正主语,it 为形式主语。 33. older。长大为“get older”,用比较级。 34. when。引导宾语从句,并在从句中作时间状语。 35. After。犹豫一阵后说出口,所以填 after。注意首字母要大写。 36. other。在电话的另一端。 37. awkwardly。修饰谓语动词 replied,要用副词形式。 38. will say。时间状语从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时。 39. with。介词短语作状语,“以……结束通话”。 40. as/because。引导原因状语。听到了“love”是感动得落泪的原因。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(3)这是一篇励志故事。主人决定将掉过井里的驴子用土埋掉。驴子以土为台阶,最后 走出井外,得以自救。 31. for。for hours 指“几个小时”。 32. covering/to be covered。表示“需要被……”既可以接不定式的被动式,又可以接 ing 形式的主动式。 33. it。句型 be worth it to do…指“值得做……”。 34. what。引导宾语从句。what 在从句中作主语。 35. was astonished。“对……感惊讶”:be astonished at 36. that/which。引导定语从句。关系代词 that/which 在从句中作主语。 37. amazing. 形容词作后置定语,something amazing 意为“令人惊讶的事情”。 38. As。意为“随着……” 39. the。特指“井的边缘”。 40. by。介词短语 by doing sth.作方式状语。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(4)本文讲述母亲的双手给作者带来无私的母爱的故事。那双手已经不再温柔,甚至有 些粗糙,但那双手依然给作者带来温暖,母爱永远难以割断。 31. Following。因逻辑主语 she 与 follow 是主动关系,用现在分词短语作状语,故填 Following。 32. when。引导宾语从句,表示时间,用连接副词 when。句意:我不记得母亲最初是 什么时候开始用手拨弄我的头发了。 33. anything。母亲什么也没回答,在否定句中,用 anything。 34. did。因否定词 never 置于句首时,要用部分倒装句,是一般过去时,填助动词 did。 35. with。意思是“用她那熟悉的爱的表达方式”,表示“用”,填介词 with。 36. thoughts。 由形容词性物主代词 my 可知, 该空应填名词; 另外 thought 用复数形式,

表示 “记忆,心思”。 37. as。作者认为母亲会像她自己记得那样,也记得那件事。表示“与……一样”,填连 词 as。 38. was talking。妈妈不知道我在谈论什么,用过去进行时,填 was talking。 39. appreciation。不定冠词 a 后应接名词,故填 appreciation。 40. her。指母亲那体贴的双手。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(5)这篇文章意在告诉读者要微笑着面对生活,这样此生无怨无悔。 31. when。引导定语从句,先行词是 moments,在从句中充当时间状语,故用 when。 32. another。句意:当幸福之门关闭时,另一扇打开了。 33. that。此处是 so…that…句型。句意为:但是我们常常眷恋着那道关上了的门,而看 不见另一道已经为我们打开了的门。 34. who。引导定语从句,先行词是 someone,在定语从句中做主语,指人,故用 who。 35. what。引导表语从句并在从句中作表语,故用连接代词 what。 36. happiest。由后文的 the best of…可知,这里用形容词最高级,表示“最幸福的人”。 37. necessarily。修饰动词 have,做状语,要用副词。 38. comes。由前面的 have,make 等谓语动词可知,用一般现在时;又因该定语从句中 的主语 that 是替代先行词 everything 的,而 everything 是第三人称单数,故填 comes。 39. forgotten。因 past 在这里是名词,前面需要定语;又因 past 与 forget 是被动关系, 故用过去分词 forgotten 做定语。 40. around。表示“在……周围”,用介词 around。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(6)这篇文章概述了座右铭的好处以及作者的座右铭给他带来极大的鼓励作用。 31. that / which。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是 a sentence or a phrase,指 物,故用关系代词 that / which.。 32. faced。表示“面对困难”是“be faced with”。 33. themselves。由 those 可知,用反身代词 themselves 作宾语。该谚语的意思是“自助者 天助”。 34. to work。因 make efforts 后接 to do sth.表示“尽力做某事”。 35. but。因前后是转折关系。 36. to。因 devote oneself to (介词)…是固定搭配,意为“致力于”。 37. where。引导地点状语从句,表示“……的地方”用 where。 38. confidence。 with 是介词, 因 后要接名词做宾语; confident 的名词形式是 confidence。 39. an。指作者成为一个独立的人,表示“一个”用不定冠词;又因 independent 以元音开

头,故用 an。 40. one。替代“a+单数可数名词(a motto)”,用 one。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(7)这篇文章主要告诉我们怎样与他人合作。 31. else。 意思是“与他人和谐工作的能力是使自己显示出与其他人不同的好方法”, 用在 复合代词 everybody 后作定语,表示“其他的”,用 else。 32. for。表示“因某事责备某人”是 blame sb. for sth.。 33. them。指代上文中的 others,在句中做宾语,用 them。 34. achievements。 与前面的 values 和 weaknesses 同时充当短语动词 find out 的并列宾语, 用名词形式。 35. but。这是表示“不是……而是……”的 not…but…结构。 36. to deal。这是“疑问词+不定式”结构做宾语。 37. best。根据句意这里表示 “最好”之意,故用最高级。 38. who。这里是定语从句,先行词 teammate 在定语从句中充当主语,指人,所以用 who。 39. that。decided 后接了一个宾语从句,该宾语从句句子结构和句意都完整,因而用连 词 that。 40. is kept。由 keep sb. active(使某人保持活跃的状态),可知 every team member 与 keep 是被动关系,故用被动语态。

(8)本文讲述越王勾践卧薪尝胆,最终三千越甲吞吴的故事。 31. His。填 his,指代 the king of Wu?s。 32. until。表示“直到”,用连词 until。句意是:夫差严格训练军队,直到使之成为一支 很好的能战军队。 33. against。表示“反对”,用介词 against。句意是:三年后,夫差带领军队攻打越国。 34. death。由 his father?s 可知,填 die 的名词形式 death。 35. but。勾践假装忠心于夫差,但他从未忘记自己所遭受的侮辱。填 but. 36. was set。因 he 与 set 是被动关系,用被动语态,故填 was set。 37. before。指勾践在每天吃饭或睡觉之前都卧薪尝胆,故填介词 before。 38. developing。因 he 与 develop 是主语关系,用现在分词作伴随状语。另外,由 and educating 亦可知,该空应填 developing. 39. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是代词 one. 40. strengthen。由不定式符号 to 及宾语 one?s resolve 可知,空白处应填 strong 的动词形 式 strengthen。

(9)本文介绍圣诞卡在沟通方面的所起的由来及其重要作用。 31. Helped。因 help 与公共邮政服务是动宾关系,故用过去分词表示被动。 32. a。指一种更高效的邮政服务,表示“一种”用不定冠词 a。 33. to。由句式搭配 send sth to sb 可知。 34. was designed。在句中作谓语表示被动,且用一般过去时。 35. and。用连词 and 连接两个并列句。 36. artist。从后面的同位语 William Egley 可知这里填与 art 有关的人,即 artist。 37. his。从后面的 his first American cards 可知是他的商店。 38. important。这是一个倒装句,主语是 the fact,空格要求填的词在句中作表语,故用 形容词。 39. that。引导同位语从句,说明 the fact 的具体内容。 40.which。引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是 designs。 (10)本文讲述中国传统节日端午节的由来及其背后的故事。 31. has been marked。由时间状语 for thousands of years 可知,句子谓语动词应用现在完 成进行时,表示端午节一直以来都以吃粽子和赛龙珠的方式进行庆祝,而且将来也会如此, 故填 has been marked。 32. situated。表示某地方位于何地时,用 be situated in /on, 句中“situated…”相当于定语 从句,“which was situated…”。 33. However。前后两句是转折关系,而空格前后都有标点,故填副词 However。 34. Realizing。因逻辑主语 Qu 与 realize 是主动关系,故填 Realizing。 35. unable。由 but 可知,渔民未能救活他,故用 able 相反意思的 unable。 36. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是 The people of Chu,故填 who。 37. every。根据常识,是指“每一”年。 38. them。代替 the mourners,在句中作宾语,故填 them。 39. before。因“将它裹好、绑好”应是在“将粽子扔进河里”之前,才不会给河里的一种爬 行动物偷吃,故填介词 before。 40. the。因 many / little / few 等词在后面有定语从句或不定式等成分修饰时,其前面用 the 表特指,故该处填 the。 (11)这则新闻报道了美国各地高校如何安排外国留学生一起共度西方的传统节日—— 感恩节。 31. traditionally。作状语,修饰动词 gather,用副词。 32. are closed。由上下文的谓语动词时态可知,用一般现在时;主谓是被动关系,用被 动语态。句意是:大多数学校关门(即放假) 。 33. around/ throughout。表示“全国各地”,是 around/ throughout the country= all over the

country。 34. a。因 a student population of 意为“学生人数有……”。 35. coaches。由 teachers 可知,coach 用复数形式。 36. like。表示举例“像……”。 37. called。 program 与 call 是被动关系, 因 用过去分词作定语, 相当于定语从句 which is called。 38. whom。引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是 students,在介词后用 whom。 39. other。作定语,表示“其他的,别的”。 40. and。用 and 连接“The families provide…”和“they generally invite...”两个并列句。 (12)所选文段讲述的是我们称之为“古埃及”之前的埃及,也就是出现法老王之前的埃及, 那时埃及居民状态。 31. as。因think of … as… 是固定搭配,意为“视……为……”。 32. when。 这里是一个定语从句, 先行词是time, 关系词在从句中做时间状语, 用when。 33. before。段首已经说过所谓古埃及是指由法老王统治的时期,晚于公元前3000年, 后文内容提到了早期石器时代,公元前5000年,还提到了稍稍早于公元前3000年的时期等, 都是讲先古时期。所以此处这个过渡句是要把叙述内容转入到“法老王”之前的时代,故填 before。 34. up。这里空格前面的 fairly high是要修饰另一个词,然后共同修饰on the land above the Nile这个介词短语, 那这个词就只能是副词了,既然说是above the Nile,那这个副词就应 该是up了。 35. from。这里前后共说出了迁移到埃及的三大来源地,用的是并列平行结构,前后有 用了from,这里也应该是from。 36. and。三个并列平行结构,后两个之间用and连接,故填and。 37. attracted。过去分词短语作状语,更可以从后面的by 短语得到线索。 38. on。伊拉克南部的商人也漂洋来到埃及。埃及的富庶使得其中有一些来了以后就不 想走了(商人本来是辗转各地做生意的)。动词stayed后填on,表示就一直住下去了。 39. to grow。这是讲埃及农耕和畜牧的发端,所以用begin to grow,表示“正是由此时开 始”之意。 40. that/which。定语从句的关系词,指物,在从句中做主语,填that或which。 (13)所选文段讲述的是移民问题。世界上不同地域之间人口迁移现象日益频发,原因也 各不相同。 31. are leaving。因More and more people 讲的是当今的一种趋势,所以用进行时 态,填are moving。 32. movement。move的名词形式movement,表示这种迁移到行为。 33. to find。人民搬到城市是为了找工作,用动词不定式表示目的,做状语。填to find。

34. for。农地里提供的工作不能满足日益增长的人口,enough… for…。 35. between。在1960到2000之间,墨西哥城的人口就翻了三番。between…and…来表示 时间区间。 36. as。上句举例说到:仅在1960到2000之间墨西哥城的人口就翻了三番,可见城市人 口增长之迅猛。而拉美、亚非其他城市的人口也以同样的速度在增长。也就是just as fast (as Mexico City),填as。 37. another。从祖国迁居异国他乡,后面的country是单数形式,只能填another,才既合 乎意义,也合乎语法。 38. richer。这里的rich当然是相比原先居住的国家而言,因此要用比较级,填richer。 39. away。running away from wars 逃离战乱,away from的搭配,填away。 40. They。空格处的主语是指these people,也就是那些refugees,用they指代。 (14)本文主要讲述了英国教育家来中国,进行了为期六天的访问,表明了汉语正在被英 国年轻人接受。 31. on。因 on a trip 是固定搭配。 32. visited。本句尚无谓语,visit 应为谓语动词;根据下文应该采用一般过去时,故填 visited。 33. cultural。做定语要用形容词。 34. it。It 是形式主语。 35. to have。作目的状语,用不定式。 36. who/that。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词 people,故用 who 或 that。 37. the。序数词前用 the。 38. that。引导宾语从句,作 show 后面的宾语。 39. for。表示“对于”之意,用 for。 40. including。介词,意为“包括”。 (15)本文介绍如何结交新朋友。 31. putting。表示“意味着干某事”,应为 mean doing sth。 32. Unfortunately。从 no magical solution 可以推断出“不幸的是”。 33. to。因 solution 通常接介词 to,表示“……的解决方法”。 34. The。序数词 first 前要用定冠词。 35. who/ that。定语从句,关系代词在从句中作主语。 36. their。指主语 they“他们自己的”。 37. because。后面解释“这可能是痛苦的”的原因。 38. impression。在“冠词+形容词(a positive)”后要接名词。 39. confident。在系动词 feel 后作表语,用形容词。

40. what。在句中作 do 的宾语,用连接代词 what;no matter what…意为“不管你决定做 什么”。 (16)虽然许多高中生永远辍学,但是也有许多高中生后来又重返校园。 31. Approximately。用副词 Approximately(近似地,大约)修饰后面的数字 10 percent。 32. who/that。定语从句用来修饰前面的先行词 sophomores,从句中缺主语,故使用 who/that。 33. the。特指 1982 年的秋天,前面要加定冠词。 34. from。因 differ from 为固定搭配,意为“不同于”。 35. associated。因该句已有谓语动词 tend to be related,本空应填非谓语动词;又由 be associated with(与……有关)可知,此处用过去分词短语作后置定语。 36. higher。由后面的 than 可知,此处用比较级。 37. Among。表示“在某团体或人群中”,用介词 among。 38. were。该句主语是 reentry rates,根据上下文应该用一般过去时,因此使用 were。 39. as。因 as….as…是固定搭配,意为“与……一样”;根据文章最后一句也可以得出。 40. those。代替前面的可数名词的复数形式 Hispanics。 (17)本文是美国女运动员威尔玛· 鲁道尔夫的简介。 31.to win。在序数词或受序数词修饰的名词后用不定式做定语。 32. 在作表语的表示职业身份的单数可数名词(athlete)前, an。 用不定冠词, 表示“一位”; extraordinary 以元音开头,用 an。 33.succeed。由 help sb do sth 可知,用动词原形。 34.into。因表示“出生于一个……的家庭”,是 be born into a … family。句意为:她生 于一个贫穷的大家庭。 35.twentieth。由句意或 the 的提示,可知用序数词。句意为:她是家里 22 个孩子中的 第二十个。36.weighed。表示“重……”,weigh 是不及物动词,不用被动语态;指出生时的 重量,应当用一般过去时。 37.when。指她年幼时有很多疾病,用 when 引导时间状语从句。 38.which。引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是“小儿麻痹症”。 39.that。句意:因为她不能用那只左腿,所以就开始使用金属腿部支架。 40.luckily。修饰整个句子作状语,用副词。 (18)科学家们研发出一种“不粘口香糖”,这种新型口香糖与普通口香糖不同,很容易从 街道、鞋子和衣服上清除,能为世界各地的政府解决一个大难题。 31. be removed。该句主语和谓语的关系显然是主语为动作的承受者,用被动语态;在 情态动词后,接动词原形,故填 be removed。 32. If。句意是“如果这种清洁香口胶流行 (catch on) 的话,将能解决世界上的一件头疼

的事”,引导条件状语从句,用 If。 33. a。可数名词单数前面应加冠词或形容词性的物主代词,该处填 a 表示 one 的意思。 34. it。分析句子成分可知,that 从句缺少主语,故填 it 来指代这种清洁香口胶。 35. environmentally。修饰形容词作状语,用副词, 故填 environmentally。 36. who。 引导定语从句并在从句中作主语, 先行词是 a professor of chemistry, 故填 who。 37. to。表示“对……有抵御能力的,耐……的”,在 be resistant 后接介词 to。 38. making。现在分词作状语表结果。 39. less。由语境可知,这种新型口香糖中添加了一种能改变其属性的特殊聚合物后,其 粘性应当是大大降低了,即不及以前有粘性了;表示“不及”用“less+形容词原级”。 40. while。该句将普通的香口胶与清洁香口胶进行对照,故填 while. (19) 31.to forgotten; 36.where; 37.responsible; 38.waiting; 39.that; (20) 31. absent 36. around 32. alarmed 37. advised 33. improved 38. completely 34. towards/ to 39. Though 35. up 40. rebuilt 40.though 32.before; 33.other; 34.an; 35 . to be


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