秘密★考试结束前 【考试时间：2013 年 12 月 14 日 9：00－10：40】
贵州省六校联盟 2014 届高三第一次联考 英 语
命题学校：贵阳市清华中学高三英语备课组 联考学校：贵阳六中 清华中学 遵义四中 凯里一中
都匀一中 都匀二中 本试题卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 11 卷(非选择题)两部分，满分 120 分，考试用时 100 分 钟。. 注意事项： 1.答题时，考生务必用黑色碳素笔将自己的姓名、班级、考场号在答题卡上填写清楚， 并请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓名和科目，在规定的位置贴好条形码。 2.每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用 橡皮擦擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。在本试题卷上答题无效。
第一部分 英语知识运用 （共两节， 满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~20 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Once there was a girl called Arachne who was very proud of her skill at weaving. Many people came to see her 1 her threads in red, blue, green or yellow that made her 3 4 2 pictures glow with life. ―The goddess Athene But Arachne tossed her head. ―No,‖ she replied know. ‖ 6 8 5 herself as an old woman and 7 have given you such a gift,‖ they said. ―I’ve taught myself everything I
those words, the goddess Athene decided to teach her a lesson. First she Arachne’s door. When she opened it, the goddess 9 with me.
warned her, ―You shouldn’t compare yourself with the great Athene. You should be more .‖ At that Arachne grew very angry. ― Let her come here and have a 10 11 Then we’ll see who’s better at weaving! ‖ contest began. All day the two contestants wove bright definitely 14 12 into marvellous pictures. Arachne’s was 13 angry that she hit in skill and design. At that Athene grew Athene threw off her disguise and the
Archne. At once the girl became smaller and smaller. Her head disappeared and her body became . Her human arms and legs disappeared to be replaced with twice as many thinner 15 . As Arachne ran to hide, Athene laughed 17 16 ―You may live, Arachne, 19 . Since then she from now on. ‖ Hearing those words, Archne began to 20 beautiful masterpiece in her webs, and all other insect-like 18
but you will do your weaving
a thread and to weave a pattern in the air. She had become the first
has continued to recreate her lost spiders have followed her.
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1. A. color 2. A. taken 3. A. should 4. A. proudly 5. A. Saying 6. A. disappointed 7. A. took on 8. A. careful 9. A. conversation 10. A. Immediately 11. A. colors 12. A. superior 13. A. such 14. A. longer 15. A. heads 16. A. unhappily 17. A. on the ground 18. A. preserve 19. A. mosquito 20. A. and 第二节
B. do B. woven B. could B. angrily B. Finishing B. disguised B. put on B. humble B. fight B. Fortunately B. threads B. inferior B. too B. prettier B. eyes B. uncertainly B. in the air B. press B. fly B. or
C. print C. drawn C. must C. kindly C. Hearing C. discouraged C. turned on C. proud C. competition C. Hopefully C. wool C. good C. very C. bigger C. legs C. untruly C. at home C. prepare C. spider C. but
D. describe D. moved D. might D. friendly D. Listening D. disaffected D. knocked on D. honest D. meeting D. Generally D. feather D. excellent D. so D. rounder D. ears D. unkindly D. on the wall D. produce D. insect D. so
语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或者括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 21~30 的相应位置上。 ―Remember, your father is only one year 21 (old) than you.‖ That was Mum’s usual 22 (fool). 24 I hated the way his 26 27 (except). (refuse). excuse when Dad said the wrong things or did something He said they 23
Dad quitted drinking exactly one year before I was born. He joined a group of other people. (stop) drinking, too. I loved my dad 25 weekly meetings took him away me. It seemed that they were more important to him
than I was. But with my birthday coming up I thought Dad would make an ― Can’t you miss it just this time? Saturday is my birthday!‖ I begged him but Saturday evening I sat on my bed, welcome‖. 29 28
He said ― I am chairing the meeting this Saturday. We will have your party on Sunday.‖ (feel) sorry for myself. Dad started to leave, then paused and said, ―Why not come with me together tonight? It’s an open meeting. All are would I do at a meeting? But maybe I needed to see why something Dad did every week mattered so much. After we arrived , Dad announced the theme of the meeting was going to be gratitude. He
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told his story about giving up smoking. Later, a man
(call) Dave also told his story.
Only then did I know it was Dad that saved his life from drinking. Showing up week after week and meeting with people, Dad was changing lives. Shame washed over me.
第二部分 阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 第一节 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A The following story took place long ago in Israel. One day when government officials were rebuilding an office, they found a mouse hole in a corner and used smoke to force the mice inside the hole to come out. A while later they indeed saw mice running out, one after another. Then, everyone thought that all the mice had escaped. But just as they were just about to start to clean up, they saw two mice squeezing out at the exit of the hole. After some endeavor, the mice finally got out. The strange thing was that after they came out of the hole, they did not run away immediately. Instead, one chased after the other near the exit of the hole. It seemed that one was trying to bite the tail of the other. Everyone was puzzled, so they stepped closer to take a look. They realized that one of the mice was blind and could not see anything, and the other one was trying to allow the blind mouse to bite on his tail so he could pull the blind one with him to escape. After witnessing what happened, everyone was speechless and lost in thought. During meal time, the group of people sat down in a circle and started to chat about what happened to the two mice. One serious Rome official said: ―I think the relationship between those two mice was that of emperor and minister.‖ The others thought for a while and said: ―That was why!‖ Thus the Rome official showed his arrogance . A smart Israeli said: ―I think the relationship between those two mice was husband and wife.‖ Again the others thought for a while, and all felt it made sense; so they expressed agreement. Therefore, the Israeli’s countenance (脸色,面色)showed self-satisfaction. A Chinese, who was accustomed to the firm tradition of loyalty to parents, said: ―I think the relationship between those two mice was that of mother and son.‖ Once again the others thought for a while, and felt this was more reasonable. So they expressed agreement yet another time. Therefore, the face of the Chinese showed professional modesty. At that moment, one pure-minded Samaritan(撒玛利亚人) who was squatted (蹲)on the ground resting his chin in his hands, bewilderedly (为难地)looked at other people, and asked: ―Why did those two mice have to have a certain relationship?‖ Suddenly, the atmosphere froze. Then the group looked back at the Samaritan and remained speechless. The Rome official, the Israeli and the Chinese who had spoken earlier all lowered their
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heads in shame, and did not dare to respond. In fact, the true love is not established on benefit, friendship and loyalty or blood relationship. Instead, it is based on no relationship. 31. Which of the following is the correct order to describe the story according to the passage? a. Mice came out one after another forced by smoke. b. Government officials found a mouse hole in an office. c. Two more mice came out of the hole. d. One mouse tried to bite the tail of the other one near the exit of the hole. e. Government officials were about to clean up. A.b-a-e-c-d B.b-a-c-d-e C.c-b-a-e-d D.c-a-d-b-e 32. Why didn’t the two mice escape immediately? A. They didn’t know about the danger. B. One was trying to bite the tail of the other. C. They couldn’t find the right direction to run away. D. One was trying to help the other to escape together. 33. What does the sentence ―That was why!‖ mean in Para.5? A. ―That was just the reason why you think the two mice were emperor and minister?‖ B. ―That was just the reason why the two mice ran after each other?‖ C. ―That was just the reason why one mouse helped the other to escape from the hole!‖ D. ―That was just the reason why we should believe your words?‖ 34. Why did they lower their heads in shame according to the passage? A. They did not dare to answer. B. They failed to analyze the relationship between the mice. C. They regretted driving a poor blind mouse away. D. They did not express themselves much better. B You may not pay much attention to your daily elevator ride. Many of us use a lift several times during the day without really thinking about it. But Lee Gray, PhD, of the University of North Carolina, US, has made it his business to examine this overlooked form of public transport. He is known as the ―Elevator Guy‖. ―The lift becomes this interesting social space where etiquette (礼仪) is sort of odd (奇怪 的),‖ Gray told the BBC. ―They (elevators) are socially very interesting but often very awkward places.‖ We walk in and usually turn around to face the door. If someone else comes in, we may have to move. And here, according to Gray, lift users unthinkingly go through a set pattern of movements. He told the BBC what he had observed. He explained that when you are the only one inside a lift, you can do whatever you want –
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it’s your own little box. If there are two of you, you go into different corners, standing diagonally (对角线地) across from each other to create distance. When a third person enters, you will unconsciously form a triangle. And when there is a fourth person it becomes a square, with someone in every corner. A fifth person is probably going to have to stand in the middle. New entrants to the lift will need to size up the situation when the doors slide open and then act decisively. Once in, for most people the rule is simple – look down, or look at your phone. Why are we so awkward in lifts? ―You don’t have enough space,‖ Professor Babette Renneberg, a clinical psychologist at the Free University of Berlin, told the BBC. ―Usually when we meet other people we have about an arm’s length of distance between us. And that’s not possible in most elevators.‖ In such a small, enclosed space it becomes very important to act in a way that cannot be construed (理解) as threatening or odd. ―The easiest way to do this is to avoid eye contact,‖ she said. 35.The main purpose of the article is to _____. A. remind us to enjoy ourselves in the elevator B. tell us some unwritten rules of elevator etiquette C. share an interesting but awkward elevator ride D. analyze what makes people feel awkward in an elevator 36. According to Gray, when people enter an elevator, they usually _____. A. turn around and greet one another B. look around or examine their phone C. make eye contact with those in the elevator D. try to keep a distance from other people 37. Which of the following describes how people usually stand when there are at least two people in an elevator? A. Door · · B. Door · · · C. Door · · · · D. Door · · · · ·
The point in the chart refers to one person. 38. The underlined phrase ―size up‖ in Paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to _____. A. judge B. ignore C. put up with D. make the best of
C Once I invited a group of friends round to my house, telling them that I was going to record their speech. I said I was interested in their regional accents, and that it would take only a few
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minutes. Thus, on one evening, three people turned up at my house and were shown into my front room. When they saw the room they were a bit alarmed, for it was laid out as a studio. In front of each easy chair there was a microphone at head height, with wires leading to a tape-recorder in the middle of the floor. I explained that all I wanted was for them to count from one to twenty. Then we could relax and have a drink. I turned on the tape-recorder and each in turn seriously counted from one to twenty in their best accent. When it was over, I turned the tape-recorder off and brought round the drinks, and for the rest of the evening there was general cheerful conversation—interrupted only by the fact that I had to take a telephone call in another room, which unfortunately lasted some time. Or at least that was how it would appear. For, of course, the microphones were not connected to the tape-recorder in the middle of the room at all but to another one, which was turning happily away in the kitchen. The participants, having seen the visible tape-recorder turned off, paid no more attention to the microphones which stayed in front of their chairs, only a few inches from their mouths, thus giving excellent sound quality. And my lengthy absence meant that I was able to obtain as natural a piece of conversation as it would be possible to find. I should add, perhaps, that I did tell my friends what had happened to them, after the event was over, and gave them the choice of destroying the tape. None of them wanted to—though for some years afterwards it always seemed to be my round when it came to the buying of drinks. Linguistic research can be a very expensive business. 39. The writer asked his friends to count from one to twenty because _______. A. he wanted to record the numbers for his research B. he wanted to find out whether the tape recorder was working C. he wanted to make his friends relax before real recording started D. he wanted his friends to think that was all he wanted to record 40. The writer went into another room to ________. A. get a natural recording of his friends’ conversation B. stay away from too much drinking with his friends C. bring a telephone into the front room D. answer a long distance phone call 41. The writer turned off the tape-recorder because _______. A. he had to answer a phone call B. he wanted his friends to enjoy some drinks C. he thought the tape-recorder might bother his friends D. he wanted to make his friends believe he had finished the recording D It was fifteen past nine as Marie hurried into the office building where she was going to work．Her bus had inched along through heavy morning traffic, making her a few minutes late for
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her very first job．She decided to start out half an hour earlier the next day． Once inside the building, she had to stand at the elevators and wait several minutes before she could get on one going to the sixth floor．When she finally reached the office marked "Smith Enterprises", she knocked at the door nervously and waited． There was no reply． She tapped on the door again, but still there was no answer．From inside the next office, she could hear the sound of voices, so she opened the door and went in． Although she was sure it was the same office she had been in two weeks before when she had the interview with Mr. Smith, it looked quite different now．In fact, it hardly looked like an office at all．The employees were just standing around chatting and smoking．In the front of the room, somebody must have just told a good joke, she thought, because there was a loud burst of laughter as she came in．For a moment she had thought they were laughing at her． Then one of the men looked at his watch, clapped his hands and said something to the others．Quickly they all went to their desks and, in a matter of seconds, everyone was hard at work．No one paid any attention to Marie．Finally she went up to the man who was sitting at the desk nearest to the door and explained that this was her first day in the office．Hardly looking up from his work, he told her to have a seat and wait for Mr. Smith, who would arrive at any moment． then Marie realized that the day's work in the office began just before Mr. Smith arrived． Later she found out that he lived in Connecticut and came into Manhattan on the same train every morning, arriving in the office at 9:35, so that his staff knew exactly when to start working． 42．Marie could hardly recognize the office she went into as__. A．she had been there only once C．nobody was doing any work A．their morning break was ended C．they saw a stranger in the office A．were cold to newcomers B．were always punctual for work C．lacked devotion to the company D．would start their work by listening to a joke 45．The best title for this text would be___. A．Punctual Like A Clock C．An Unpunctual Manager 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 B．A Cold Welcome D．Better Late Than Never B．Mr. Smith was not in the office D．the office seemed different B．the boss was about to arrive D．no one wanted to talk to Marie
43．The people in the office suddenly started working because___．
44．We can infer from the text that the employees of the enterprise___．
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Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of finger-prints and discovered
that no exactly similar pattern is passed on from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case. The ridge（隆起）structure on a person's fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by surface injuries. Burns, cuts and other damage to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by a new one, which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. step to take. Finger-prints can be made very easily with printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. 48 Because of the simplicity and economy of this system, finger-prints have often been used as a method of solving criminal case. A suspected man may deny a charge but this may be in vain. 49 . When a suspect leaves finger-prints behind at the scene of a crime, they are difficult to 50 Some of the marks found are incomplete but identification is detect with the naked eye. 47 Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own finger-prints but this is a dangerous and rare
possible if a print of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained. A. Special techniques are used to ―develop‖ them. B. A fingerprint is an impression of the ridge structure. C. It is only when the inner skin is injured that the arrangement will be destroyed. D. With special methods, identification can be achieved successfully within a short time. E. Some criminals may leave their fingerprints at the scene of a crime. F. His finger-prints can prove who he is even if his appearance has been changed by age or accident. G. Every human being has a unique arrangement of the skin on his fingers and this arrangement is unchangeable.
注意：将答案答在答题卡上, 在试卷上作答无效。 第三部分 写作 （共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请您修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧ ） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜钱（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只充许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
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Today I can still remember how I became good table tennis player. The first day I went to high school, I saw some of my classmate playing table tennis. Amazing at how skillful they were, I was determined to be just as good. Later on, I often watched them carefully to learn our techniques. Then I kept practicing while I became confidently enough to challenge the good players. At the end of the term I became one of the best players of my class. I really take proud in this experience, because it helped me realize that we all can fulfill our potential and achieve to our goals through hard work. It also helps me better understand the proverb "Practice makes perfect.” 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 你所在的学校将要举办一次主题为‖What Can We Do for Our School?‖ 的英语演讲比 赛， 请写一篇英语演讲稿， 要求从爱护学校设施和美化校园方面进行阐述， 并举例加以说明。 要求：1 词数：100 左右； 2 参考词汇： 校园 campus；设施 facilities 3 信的开头和结尾已经写好，且不计入总词数。 Hello, everyone! _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________. Thanks for listening!
贵州省六校联盟 2014 届高三英语 参考答案
6—10 BDBCA 16—20 DBDCC
23 had stopped 27 was refused 24 but 28 feeling
语法填空: 21 older 25 from 29 What
22 foolish 26 exception 30 called
阅读理解：31—34 ADCD 35—38 BDCA
39-41 DAD 42—45 DBCA
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短文改错：Today I can still remember how I became (加 a) good table tennis player. The first day I went to high school, I saw some of my classmate (classmates) playing table tennis. Amazing (Amazed) at how skillful they were, I was determined to be just as good. Later on, I often watched them carefully to learn our (their) techniques. Then I kept practicing while (until) I became confidently (confident) enough to challenge the good players. At the end of the term I became one of the best players of (in) my class. I really take proud (pride) in this experience, because it helped (helps) me realize that we all can fulfill our potential and achieve to(去掉 to) our goals through hard work. It also helps me better understand the proverb "Practice makes perfect.‖
Hello, everyone! It’s nice to speak about what we can do for our school, and I think each of us can do something. The first thing we can do is to protect the facilities in our school. When we leave the classroom, we should never forget to turn off the light or close the door. We should not leave the tap water running or waste any materials in the laboratory class. The second thing we can do is to make our campus more beautiful. Every one of us may plant a tree in the school or organize a thorough cleaning on the campus. And equally importantly, we should develop a good habit of not littering about. If everyone does his best for our school, I believe our school will soon take on a
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new look, and become a better place to study and live in. Thanks for listening!
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