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中考非谓语动词专练


非谓语动词专练 非谓语动词也叫动词的非限定形式,包括动词不定式,v-ing 和过去分词。 (一)动词不定式的用法: 1. 作主语:To learn English well is important. To eat vegetables can help us keep healthy. △ 动词不定式作主语时,可以用动名词替换。 Learning English is important. Eating vegetables can help us keep healthy. △ 动词不定式作主语时,常用 it 作形式主语,而把不定式放在后面。 It’s important to learn English. It can help us keep healthy to eat vegetables. 2. 作表语:My job is to teach English. His hobby is to collect stamps. 3. 作宾语:动词不定式常用作及物动词的宾语,这些动词有:want, begin/start, like/love, forget/remember, learn/teach, decide, wish, hope, agree, plan 等。 He wants to go home at once. I began to play the piano when I was four. 4. 作定语 I have much work to do. Do you have anything to say? It’s a good place to have fun. △ 这种不定式与它所修饰的名词有逻辑上的动宾关系。如果这个不定式是不及物动 词,它后面就要有必要的介词。 There is nothing to worry about. He has no room to live in. The dog is easy to take care of. I’d like some paper to write on. 5. 作状语:I came here to see you. (目的) I’m sorry to hear that. (原因) Tom is too young to go to school(结果)To get to work, he takes No.7 bus every day.(目的) 6. 作宾语补足语:宾语补足语是用来补充说明宾语是什么或怎么样。带宾语补足语的动 词有:ask, tell, invite, allow, want, wish, encourage 等。 Lucy asked him to turn down the radio. Mother told me not to come home late. △ 在使役动词 make, let, have 和感官动词 see, hear, watch 等动词后的宾语补足语, 其 不定式的 to 要省略。而 help 后的不定式可以带 to,也可以不带 to。 Could you please help me (to) do some housework? I hear him sing every night. We saw her play the piano last night. It made me feel sad. Let him go, please. 7. “疑问词+不定式”结构: 疑问词 who, wha

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