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Chemetall Statement Lithium Applications and Availability 2009, July
? 2008 CHEMETALL GMBH - This document and all information contained herein is the proprietary information of CHEMETAL

L GMBH. No intellectual property rights are granted by the delivery of this document or the disclosure of its content. This document shall not be reproduced or disclosed to a third party without the express written consent of CHEMETALL GMBH. This document and its content shall not be used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied.

Group Structure (31.12.2008)
? Rockwood is a global specialty chemicals and advanced materials company. Its shares are publicly traded at the NYSE (ROC) ? The lithium business is a major part of Rockwood‘s specialty chemicals business, trading under the name Chemetall

Net sales: Employees:

3,380 million $ 10,000

Chemetall Group
Lithium Division
Chemetall GmbH Lithium Division Chemetall Foote Corp. Sociedad Chilena de Litio Ltda. Chemetall Taiwan Ltd.

Net sales: Employees:

1,233 million $ 3008

2

Chemetall Group – At a glance 2008

Chemetall-Group

Fine Chemicals
? ? ? ? ? ?

Surface Treatment
Automotive Auto Components Coil Cold Forming General Industry Aerospace

? Lithium ? Special Metals ? Metal Sulphides

3

Lithium – Selected Applications
Key Products Key Applications

Lithium carbonate
Li-Ion Batteries
Glass ceramics Cement Aluminum

Lithium hydroxide
Li-Ion Batteries Lithium metal
Lithium Batteries Pharmaceuticals Grease

CO2 Absorption

Mining

Al - alloys

Butyllithium
Elastomers Pharmaceuticals Agrochemicals

Lithium specialties
Electronic Materials Pharmaceuticals Agrochemicals

4

Lithium Products for Battery Industry

Battery Material

Battery Type

Lithium Product Supplied

Metal Oxide Cathodes Li Titanate Anode Electrolyte Salts, and Additives Li Metal Anodes Electrolyte Salts

Secondary Secondary Secondary

Carbonate, Hydroxide Carbonate Carbonate, LiBOB, Hydroxide Metal and Foils Various

Primary, Rechargeable Primary, Secondary

5

The “Lithium Tree”
Comments
Li-Acetylide Phenyllithium Methyllithium LiBOB Butyllithium LDA LiHydride Li-Tetraborate LiAmide LiNitride LiSilicate LiPhosphate LiNitrate LiZeolite Lithium Carbonate LiSulphate Li-tri (t-butoxy)alanate LHS LiAlanate LiChromate

? Providing lithium compounds throughout all stages of the value chain ? Constant expansion due to new applications ? Optimization according to customer needs

LiPerchlorate LiIodide

Li-tButoxide

LiMethoxide

Lithium Metal

Foils LiSalicylate LiCitrate LiBenzoate LiAcetate LiPeroxide LiFluoride LiBromide Anodes Lithium Chloride

Sabalith

Legend to colors

LiHydroxide Potash CO2Absorption Products Brines Bischofite

in air inert atmosphere

6

Manufacturing Sites - Overview
La Porte, TX, USA New Johnsonville, TN, USA Langelsheim, Germany

Silver Peak, NV, USA

Taichung, Taiwan

Kings Mountain, NC, USA Antofagasta, Chile

7

Sociedad Chilena de Litio, Salar de Atakama,Chile
? Location:
– Antofagasta (Headquarters/Plant) – 1700 km north of Santiago – Salar de Atacama (Brines) – 200 km east of Antofagasta

?

Main Products:
– – – – Lithium carbonate Lithium chloride Potash Bischofite

?

Management Systems:
– Quality Management System ISO 9001

8

Chemetall Foote Corp., Silver Peak, USA
? Location:
– Silver Peak, Nevada – 350 km north of Las Vegas

?

Main Products:
– Lithium carbonate – Lithium hydroxide

?

Management Systems:
– Quality Management System ISO 9001

9

Sociedad Chilena de Litio, Chile
Natural brines from El Salar ~ 0.2% Li NaCl + CaSO4 * H2O HALITE NaCl + KCl SYLVINITE MgCl2 * KCl * 6H2O CARNALLITE MgCl2 * 6H2O BISCHOFITE MgCl2* LiCl *7H2O Li CARNALLITE

9 x 4 km dimensions END BRINE 6.0% Li

Li2CO3 LiCl
Further Purification, Processing, Crystallization

10

Chemetall Lithium Production Potential Chemetall has steadily increased production in the past and expects to continue to do so in the future to meet market needs.
2002 2005

2006

2008

11

Chemetall Lithium Expansion plans Expansion plans based on current market estimates (Salar del Atacama; Chile, Silver Peak, USA; Langelsheim Plant, Germany)

2020 2015 2010 2008 0 20 40 60 Lithium Carbonate Lithium Hydroxide

thousand MT p.a.
12

World Resources

13

Worldwide Lithium Resources 2008 [ MT Li ]
0.25 mio 0.1 mio 0.9 mio 0.04 mio 2.8 mio 2.6mio 0.75 mio

1.0 mio

3.8 mio Bolivia 5.5mio 0.09 mio Argent. 2.6 mio 2.3 mio 0.06 mio 0.26 mio

Chile 6.9mio

from continental brine from silicate ore other sources

Source: R. Keith Evans, Geologist and Industrial Minerals Expert
14

Worldwide Lithium Resources 2009

?

Current estimates of worldwide Lithium resources total approx. 28,000,000 tonnes Lithium metal. (or 150,000,000 tonnes LCE (Lithium Carbonate Equivalents)*

?

Current worldwide demand is approx. 23,000 tonnes Lithium metal. (or 122,000 tonnes LCE)*

* Source: Roskill Market Reports: The Economics of Lithium, 11th edition, 2009

15

Development of Electromobility

16

HEV/PHEV/EV Market Growth – IIT Report (March 2009)
# million vehicles p.a.
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
20 07 20 08 20 09 20 10 20 11 20 12 20 13 20 14 20 15 20 16 20 17 20 18

Calendar year

LIB (HEV/PHEV/EV)

NiMH (HEV)

17

Market Developments
Battery makers are racing to develop lithium-ion cells to power new generations of plug-in hybrids and electric cars.
Developer Compact Power (LG Chemical), A123 Compact Power (LG Chemical),NEC Panasonic EV Energy Johnson Controls/Saft Hitachi Commercially available Li-Ion cells Altair Nanotechnologies Lishen EnerDel Chemistry Manganese spinel, Doped lithium nanophosphate Manganese spinel Lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide (NCA) Lithium manganese oxide Lithium cobalt oxide and others Lithium titanate spinel (anode) Lithium iron phosphate Lithium manganese titanate Expected Vehicle ?Chevy Volt (EV) ?Saturn Vue (PHEV)* ?Think City (EV) ?Chevy Volt (EV)* ?Nissan (EV) ?Toyota (PHEV) ?Mercedes S400 (HEV)* ?Saturn Vue (PHEV) ?Future GM (HEV) ?Tesla Roadster (EV) ?Phoenix (EV) ?Miles XS500 (EV) ?Think City (EV) When 2010 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 2009 2009 2010 2008 2008 2009 2009

Based on Forbes article: April 7, 2008 18

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand 2020

19

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand 2020
Assumptions for the degree of penetration of E-cars in the market 1. 60 million cars are registered as new cars world wide p.a. 2. Lithium Carbonate consumption per 1 kW/h is 0.6 kg 3. Industry expects the e-car share to reach approx. 1 - 10% in 2020 Two scenarios EV (Tesla) A) B) 60% 20%

PHEV (Saturn Vue) 10% 20%

HEV/Mild hybrid (S 400) 30% 60%

20

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand 2020
All figures are in Lithium Carbonate Equivalents (LCE)

Car specific facts
? ? ? ? ? Car types: Battery capacity: LCE demand: Price per battery: EV (Tesla) 25 kWh 15 kg PHEV (Saturn Vue) 12 kWh 7.2 kg ~900 $/kWh HEV/Mild (S400) ~2 kWh 1.2 kg

LCE cost share at 7,50 $/kg Li2CO3: less than 1%

21

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand 2020 Scenario A = ?many Teslas“ Scenario B = ?many S400s“
# million cars
0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,1 0 EV (Tesla) PHEV HEV/Mild (S400)
4 2 0 EV (Tesla) PHEV HEV/Mild (S400)

}
10 8 6

@ 1,6% market penetration

thousand MT

Scenario A #cars

Scenario B #cars

Scenario A: MT LCE

Scenario B: MT LCE

22

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand 2020 Scenario A = ?many Teslas“ Scenario B = ?many S400s“
# million cars
4 3,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 1 0,5 0 EV (Tesla) PHEV HEV/Mild (S400)

}
60 50 40 30 20 10 0

@ 10% market penetration

thousand MT

EV (Tesla)

PHEV

HEV/Mild (S400)

Scenario A #cars

Scenario B #cars

Scenario A: MT LCE

Scenario B: MT LCE

23

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand 2020
thousand MT LCE

150 100 50 0 "many Teslascenario A" 6 million cars Other Applications "many S400scenario B" 600,000 cars Total LCE demand
24

49% share 31% share

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand Based on IIT report March 2009
thousand MT LCE

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
calendar year

EV/HEV/PHEV Others Power?Tools Notebook Cellular

conversion factor is 0.6 kg/kWh
25

Sustainability of world wide resources Salar de Atacama resources will completely satisfy global market needs for at least the coming hundred years

?Salar de Atacama resources: 31,5 million MT LCE ?For –Scenario A (10% penetration): reserves will last for 216 years –Scenario B (10% penetration): reserves will last for 271 years ?Worldwide available resources: 150 million MT LCE ?For –Scenario A (10% penetration): reserves will last for 1030 years –Scenario B (10% penetration): reserves will last for 1293 years

There is enough!
26

Estimation of Lithium Carbonate Demand 2020 Future Recycling Potential
? Due to an estimated life time of 10 – 15 years for a typical car battery, effects from recycling in the supply demand balance will start after 2030. We expect a recycling rate of approx. 50% of the incorporated Lithium. (75 - 80 % from chemical pulping plus some extra losses during battery disassembling.)

?

27

Chemetall as the leading producer of lithium compounds is committed to expand capacities and to develop tailor-made products in order to satisfy its customer‘s demands. We are known for our strong technical customer support. Chemetall is known as reliable supplier globally.

28


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