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高二英语第二次月考试卷单选讲评


高二英语第二次月考试卷单选讲评
【使用说明及学法指导】

(2012.12.24)

Class:_____ Group:______ Name:________ 组内评价:_______ 教师评价:_________ 课前预习:15 分钟 AB 层梳理并记住各知识点,基本结构、变式及例句。 C 层梳理并记住各知识点的基本结构、变

式,熟读例句。 课上探究:1.10 分钟疯狂背诵。 2. 5 分钟检查预习内容。 3. 15 分钟合作探究能力提 升。 4. 5 分钟当堂检测。 5. 5 分钟巩固落实,反刍整理。

【学习目标】
1. 扎实掌握各知识点的基本结构及变式,提升自己灵活运用语法知识的能力。 2. 通过自主学习,合作探究,学会分析与总结的方法,并能学以致用。 3. 激情投入,享受学习英语的快乐。 自学导引 (月考试卷单选 4 题) however = no matter how ⑴. Whenever he comes, he is/will be welcome. ⑵. Wherever he goes, he will miss his mother. ⑶. However rich people are, they always want more. ⑷. However hard you study, you won’t succeed, for your method is not correct. 注意:1. 若句子为将来时,从句用现在时表将来. 2.However 引导的让步状从的语序:However + adj. / adv. + 主语 +谓语 Ⅱ、疑问代词+ever, whoever = no matter who 1、引导让步状语从句, whatever = no matter what whichever = no matter which ⑴. Whatever you say, I won’t believe in you. ⑵. Whoever you are, I won’t open the door. ⑶. Whichever book you borrow, you must return it in time. 请思考:下面的三个句子引导的是让步状语从句吗?为什么? ⑴. Whoever works hard will succeed. ⑵. You can take whatever you like. ⑶. Here are many books, you can take whichever (book) you like.
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1.特殊疑问词+ever

Ⅰ、疑问副词+ever,引导让步状语从句, wherever = no matter where

熟练掌握“特殊 疑问句+ever”基 本结构及变式并 灵活运用.

whoever = anyone who 2、引导名词性从句, whatever = anything that whichever = any (---) that 注意: whatever/ whoever/whichever 引导名词性从句时,同时在主句和 从句中作成分. Ⅲ、疑问代词+ever 表示强调,ever = on earth(究竟\到底) ⑴. Wherever (where ever) have you just been? (2).Whoever (who ever) told you that? ⑶. Whatever (what ever) shall we do? 2.both, either, neither(月考试卷单选 7 题) both “两个都…”, 与 not 连用表示部分否定, “并非两个都...” either“两者中的任何一个。。 作 adv 时,意思是“也”用于否定句 。” 句末 neither “两者中没有一个” 三者或三者以上用 all, any, none 3.one, ones, the one, the ones, that, those,it(月考试卷单选 11 题) one 表泛指,相当于 a/an+单数可数名词 ones 表泛指,代替前面出现的复数名词 the one 表特指,代替前面出现的 the+单数名词, 带后置定语时可换为 that the ones 表特指,代替前面出现的 the+复数名词, 带后置定语时可换为 those that 表特指,代替前面的“the+单数名词”或“不可数名词” those 表特指,代替前面的“the+复数名词”或 it 代替前面提到过的事物 4.look at, stare at, glare at, glance at(月考试卷单选 12 题) Look at “看” 表示动作, stare at 盯着,凝视 而“怒目而视” glance at “瞥一眼” , 5.常用作插入语的现在分词短语有: (月考试卷单选 13 题) (1) :generally/ frankly/ exactly/ speaking …来说
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glare at 因生气

(2) :judging from/by 由…判断 (3) :considering/ taking into consideration/ account 考虑到… (4) :supposing 即使,如果 不定式: to tell sb the truth/ to be honest 老实说、 说实话 过去分词:compared to/ with 与…相比 (做题时不考虑与句子主语之间的关系) 6.the first time/ for the first time(月考试卷单选 16 题) The first time, each time, the instant , the moment …名词词组做连词用, 连 接时间状语从句 For the first time 介词短语常放句末作状语 7. must 表推测 用于肯定句, 表示很肯定的推测 “肯定、一定 must be doing “肯定现在正在做…”(月考试卷单选 17 题) He must be sleeping now. must have done 只用于肯定句,表示很肯定的推测 “过去肯定(已经) 、 过去一定(已经) ” He must have been seriously ill, for he was operated on yesterday. must+ 原形动词 现在肯定… He must be a teacher. must 表推测用于反意疑问句 1. 当 must 用于反意疑问句的陈述部分表示对现在情况的推测 (即用 must + v. 原形) ,疑问部分用一般现在时。 Eg.: They must be students, _____ they? He must get up early everyday, _____ he? 2. 当 must 用于反意疑问句的陈述部分表示对过去情况的推测 (即用 must have done)若句中有具体的表示过去的时间状语, , 疑问部分用一般过去时,若无,用现在完成时。 Eg.: They must have finished their homework yesterday, _____ they? He must have done that many times, _____ he? 8.devote oneself / one’s life to/ be devoted to(介词) 专心于,致力于(月 考试卷单选 18 题) 9. in charge of 负责,主管(介词短语) in the charge of 被…管 Take charge of 负责,主管(动词短语) Take control of 掌控 Turn over 翻转(月考试卷单选 19 题) 10.another, the other, other, the others Another 泛指另外一个,another 还可以用“another+数词+复数 n” 如:
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take charge of 被…管

another 5 days others 为 another 的复数 Some of the wheat is from Canada, What about others? The other 两者中的“另一个” the others 整体中一部分以外的另一 , 部分(月考试卷单选 22 题) 11.反射不定式(月考试卷单选 5 题) 不定式跟在表语形容词 (easy, difficult, hard, comfortable, heavy,…常表特 征)的后边,并和句子主语构成动宾关系,不定式用主动表示被动形式 即:主语+be + adj +to do The book is difficult to understand English is easy to learn

12.强调句型(月考试卷单选20,24,25题)
Ⅰ.定义:强调句型通过it强调词来改变句子结构,使句子的某一成分 受到强调而构成的强调结构。 Ⅱ、基本结构: 1、陈述句:It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当强调主语且主语指人)+ 其它部分。强调句可以强调除谓 语以外的一切成分。 尝试强调下列句中的划线成分: (1) He helps me to study English in the classroom every morning.

(2) He gave the girl some food when he saw her because she was hungry.

请注意: 、构成强调句的 is/ was、that/who 本身无实义。 (1) (2) 、is/ was 的确定:若句子是现在或将来时,用 is,若为 过去时,用 was。 (3) 、that/who 的确定:强调各种成分(即使是时间状语和 地点状语)都用 that,强调人还可用 who。 (4) 可以强调除谓语之外的任何成分 、 (但多为主语、 宾语、
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状语) ,对谓语动词的强调用 do/ does/did。 e.g. Do sit down. 务必请坐。 He did write to you last week. 上周他确实给你写了信。 Do be careful when you cross the street. 过马路时,务必(千万) 要小心啊! (5) 、可以强调从句(但多为 when\where\because 引导的状 语从句) 2、 一般疑问句: Is/ Was + it +被强调部分+ that/ who + 其它部分? 3、特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ is/ was + it + that/ who + 其它部分? e.g. When was it that you were born? Ⅲ、强调句型的判断:去掉句型中的 It's....that/who....后,句子依然完 整。 (因为强调句型中的 It's....that/who....在句子中不充当任何成分。 ) 试判断下列两个句子: (1)It is from the sun that we get light and heat. (2 ) It is well-known that the earth travels around the sun. Ⅳ、 固定的强调句型: is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其它部 It 分。 e.g. 普通句:He didn’t go to bed until his son came back. 强调句:It was not until his son came back that he went to bed.

二、提升训练
1. It was on October 1st ____ new China was founded. A. which B. when C. as D. that

2. Was it because he was ill _____ he asked for leave? A. and B. that C. that’s D. so

3. ------Where was it_____ the road accident happened yesterday ? ------In front of the market. w.w..

u.A. when

B. that

C. which

D. how

4. It is imagination _____ makes the world colorful. [2007 上海春] A.where B.what C.that D.when

5. When was it_______ you called me yesterday?
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A. until

B. that

C. then

D. so

6. It was not until midnight _____ they reached the camp site. (2008 重庆 卷 22) A .that B. when C. while D. as

7. It is not who is right but what is right _____ is of importance. [2007 重庆 卷] A. which B. it C. that D. this

8. It was in New Zealand _____ Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith. (2008 全国 II 20) A. that B. how C. which D. when

9. It was Alice and her husband who saved the old man, _____? A. wasn’t it B. was it C. didn’t they D. did they

10.I just wonder _____ that makes him so excited.(2006 年山东卷, 英语, 32) A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is

11. ------Where did you get to know her? ------It was on the farm _____ we worked. (2007 年山东,英语,30) A. that B. there C. which D. where

强调句型考点
综观近几年的高考英语考题, 我们发现对强调句型的考查主要集中 在以下几个方面: 一、考查强调句的基本形式 这类考题主要涉及被强调成分为介词短语的情形。如: It’s in the park that Jack met your sister yesterday. 杰克昨天是在公园 与你的姐姐见面的。 It is on political questions that their views are different. 他们在政治问 题上见解不同。 【真题实例】 (答案分别为 DA)
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1. —Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm ______ we worked. (山东卷) A. that B. there C. which D. where

2. David said that it was because of his strong interest in literature ______ he chose the course. (上海卷) A. that B. what C. why D. how

二、考查强调句的特殊疑问句形式 强调句型的陈述句形式和一般疑问句形式一般还好理解, 但若以特 殊疑问句形式出现,则很容易误解。比较: Jim told us the news.(非强调句) →It was Jim that told us the news.(强调句型的陈述句形式) →Was it Jim that told us the news.(强调句型的一般疑问句形式) →Who was it that told us the news.(强调句型的特殊疑问句形式) 特殊疑问句形式的强调句可视为对陈述句强调中的被强调成分提 问得来, 如对 It was yesterday that he arrived. 这一句中的 yesterday 提问, 即得到 When was it that he arrived? 请再看以下例子: How long ago is it that you last saw her? 你上一次看见她是多久以 前的事? Why is it that I always land up cleaning the bath? 为什么总是该我来 洗刷浴缸? Who was it that won the World Cup in 1982? 谁赢得了 1982 年的世 界杯? 【真题实例】 (答案分别为 DCA) 1. I just wonder ______ that makes him so excited. (山东卷) A. why it does B. what he does 2.— _____ that he C. how it is to get
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D. what it is the information.(from

manage

www.nmet168.com) —Oh, a friend of his helped him. (山东卷) A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it

3. Why! I have nothing to confess. _____ you want me to say? (上海) A. What is it that is that 三、考查被强调成分为从句的情形 如果被强调成分为一个词或一个词组还比较好理解, 但如果被强调 的是一个从句,则比较容易出错。如: It was after he got married that he got to know Mary. 他是在结婚之后 才认识玛丽的。 It was not what he he said but how he behaved that made us angry. 使 我们生气的不是他说的话,而是他做的样子。 【真题实例】 (答案分别为 CAAA) 1. It is not who is right but what is right ______ is of importance. (重庆 卷) A. which B. it C. that D. this B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it

2. I don’t mind her criticizing me, but ______ is how she does it that I object to. (江西卷) A. it B. that C. this D. which

3. It was after he got what he had desired ______ he realized it was not so important. (辽宁卷) A. that B. when C. since D. as

4. It is what you do rather than what you way ______ matters (天津卷) A. that B. what C. which D. this

四、考查 not...until 句式的强调结构
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其基本形式为 It is (was) not until…that…。比较: He didn't come until his wife left. 他妻子走了之后他才来。 →It was not until his wife left that he came. 他妻子走了之后他才来。 They didn't start until the rain stopped. 直到雨停他们才出发。 →It was not until the rain stopped that they started. 直到雨停他们才 出发。 注:这类句型不用倒装语序,但若改成 Not until…,则要用倒装。 如: Not until his wife left did he come. 他妻子走了之后他才来。 Not until the rain stopped did they start. 直到雨停他们才出发。 【真题实例】 (答案分别为 DBD) 1. It ______ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks _______ I found we had a lot in common. (浙江卷) A. was until; when B. was until; that C. wasn’t until; when D. wasn’t until; that

2. It was not until she got home _______ Jennifer realized she had lost her keys. (全国 III) A. when B. that C. where D. before

3. It wasn’t until nearly a month later ______ I received the manager’s reply. (全国卷 I) A. since B. when C. as D. that

五、考查强调句与非强调句的辨别 1. 设置陷阱,使考生将强调句误判为非强调句。如: It might have been John ______ bought a present for Mary yesterday. A. that B. when C. what D. which

【解析】 答案选 A, 为强调句型, 由于句中动词 be 采用了 might have
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been 这一复杂结构,所以许多同学们可能会看不出它是一个强调句型。 (from www.nmet168.com) 2. 设置陷阱,使考生将非强调句误判为强调句。如: It was evening A. that we reached the little town of Winchester. (天津) B. until C. since D. before

【解析】答案选 D。有的考生一看到句首的 it was,再联系到选项 中的 that,就以为这是考查强调句。其实错了。此题是考查连词 before 的用法。因为去掉 It was…that 这一结构后,原句不能成为一个完整的 句子,所以这不是强调结构。句意是:我们还没有到达 Winchester 这个 小镇,天就夜了。 【模拟考试】 1. — When was ______? —______ was in 2000 when he was still in college. A. that; This B. this; It C. it; This D. that; It

2. It was his nervousness in the interview ______ probably lost him the job. A. which B. since C. that D. what

3. It was what he meant rather than what he said _______ annoyed me. A. which B. as C. what D. that

4. “How was ______ they discovered the entrance to the underground palace?” “Totally by chance.” A. it that B. he that C. it when D. he which

5. Who was it ______ saved the drowning girl? (from www.nmet168.com) A. since B. as C. that D. he

6. It was when she was about to go to bed ______ the telephone rang. A. since B. as C. that D. then

7. It was more than a year now ______ he had seen her.
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A. that

B. since C. when D. which

8. “Was it here ______ you were away talking to a friend?” “Sure. But when I got back there, it was gone.” A. that B. while C. which D. where

9. When was ______ that the general manager left for Japan? A. he B. it C. that D. since

10. It was just in the room ______ he was born _____ he died. A. where, which B. that, that C. where, that D. which, that

11. It was lack of money, not of effort, ______ defeated their plan. A. which B. as C. that D. what

12. It was _____ back home after the experiments. A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go

C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go 13. It is the protection for the trees ______ really matters, rather than how many trees are planted. A. what B. that C. which D. we

14. It was _______ he said _______ disappointed me. A. what; that B. that; that C. what; what D. that; what

15. It was for this reason _______ her uncle moved out of New York and settled down in a small village. A. which B. why C. that D. how

01—05 DCDAC 06—10 CBBBC 11—12 CCBAC

Ⅰ【 预习内容检测】 检查默写自学导引的所有内容
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1. 完成老师所念内容,不会默的在题号前做出标记,以备核对时补充。 2. 默完后小组内同学用红笔互改,画出分数并注明评价档次。 3. 小组长总结默写情况。 Ⅱ【 课内探究】 分层目标:1.AB 层自主完成 1—10 题。2.C 层合作完成 1—10 题。 翻译: 1. 无论你做什么,我都喜欢。 2.无论你去哪里,请带上我。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 3.无论你多努力,你都不会成功。因为你的方法不正确。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 4.一般来说,他会负责这个公司的。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 5.早上的空气呼吸着很新鲜,夏天我喜欢早起。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 6.张先生给了我一个礼物,一个我从来没有见过的礼物。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 7.第一次见到他,我就喜欢上他。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 8.致力于他的工作,他现在肯定是累了。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 9.我们班的一些同学在做作业,另外一些在打篮球。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 10.他,而不是我,经常迟到。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 11.直到回来时,我才发现我把我的包弄丢了。(强调句型) ____________________________________________________________________________ Ⅲ【当堂检测】

Choose the best answer to each exercise:
1. _____ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone A. no matter what A. what B. how B. The person B. whatever C. however C. Whoever C. however D. whatever
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D. Who D. no matter how

2. I will believe ______ you say. 3. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty,______ great it is. 4. I will give the prize to _____ finishes it first.

A. whom

B. that

C. whoever

D. whomever

5. ______, I couldn’t memorize the text. A. However hard did I try C. However I tried hard A. Whenever A. Who A. whenever A. whatever A. however A. however A. How B. whichever B. However hard I tried D. However hard did I try C. Whoever D. However D. Whoever D. whatever

6. ______ climber gets to the top first will get a ¥5,000 prize. 7. _____ gets home first is to cook the supper. B. Whom C. Those who 8. You can eat food free in my restaurant ______ you like. B. wherever B. that C. however C. which 9. The wild flowers are so special that I will do ______ I can to save them. D. whichever D. although D. whenever 10. He tried his best to solve the problem, _____ difficult it was. B. no matter B. whatever B. Whatever C. whatever C. whichever C. However 11. It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______he or she wants . 12. ______much advice I gave him, he did exactly what he wanted to do. D. No matter D. however D. whatever D. whomever D. however D. However 13. Free film tickets will be sent to ________comes first. A. whoever A. however A. who A. wherever B. whomever B. no matter B. whom B. whoever C. whosever C. although C. whoever C. whatever 14. You should try to get a good night’s sleep _____ much work you have to do. 15. Please give the note to _____ is in the classroom. 16. The Red Cross is expected to send help ______ there is human suffering. 17. ______ hungry I am, I never seem to be able to finish all the food given to me. A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Wherever 1-5 CBCCB 6-10 BDAAA 11-17 BCAAC AD

Ⅳ.巩固落实,反刍整理。 (根据以上几个环节,梳理巩固没有掌握的知识。 ) 【我的疑问】_________________________________________________ 【我的收获】__________________________________________________
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