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过去分词作定语和表语


过去分词作定语和表语
? He became interested in two theories that possibly explained how cholera killed people. ? He became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera

. ? Neither its cause nor its cure was understood. ? He knew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found. ? People absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals. From the stomach the disease attacked the body quickly and soon the affected person died. ? It came from the river polluted by the dirty water from London. ? He told the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the water pump so that it could not be used. ? He found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak. ? He suggested that the source of all the water supplies be examined. The water companies were instructed not to expose people to polluted water any more. ? Because they had been given free beer and so had not drunk the water from the Broad Street pump. 一、过去分词作定语 (Attribute) 1、 在句中的位置 单个的过去分词作定语时,位于它所修饰的名词或代词前面; a broken heart the risen sun a lost child 过去分词短语作定语时,位于它所修饰的名词或代词后面。 people addicted to drugs a novel written by Luxun the advice given to the patient an old man supported by his son a school built for orphans 单个过去分词修饰 something, everything, anything, nothing, somebody, nobody, those 等不定代词时,也要放在这些词后面。 Nothing reported ( in the newspaper) interested him. 2、过去分词和现在分词在做定语时的区别: (1).语态上 He is the man swimming in the river just now. (表主动) He was reading a novel written by Charles Dickens. (表被动) (2).时间上 the falling leaves(表进行) boiling water the rising sun the fallen leaves(表完成) boiled water the risen sun a changing world the developing country a changed world the developed country

总结:
过去分词和现在分词在做定语时的区别: 过去分词表示被动或完成;

现在分词表示主动或进行。 3、作定语时几种被动形式 done;being done;to be done 区别 I know the people building the house there. (主动、进行) The house built over there is a shop. (被动、完成) The house being built over there is a shop. (被动、进行) The house to be built over there is designed by a famous architect (被动、将来) 练一练 用 publish 形式填空 His book ____________ last year sells well. His book _____________ now will be on sale next year. His book _____________ next year will be his best one. The press(出版社) ___________ his book is famous in the city. 二、过去分词作表语 过去分词和现在分词作表语的区别 现在分词 含有“令人……”之意 过去分词 含有“感到……”之意 比较: The film is interesting. I'm interested in English. surprising ~surprised exciting ~excited disappointing ~disappointed tiring ~tired amazing ~ amazed boring ~ bored relaxing ~ relaxed pleasing ~pleased confusing ~confused satisfying ~satisfied astonishing ~astonished inspiring ~ inspired amusing ~amused entertaining ~entertained depressing ~ depressed Fill in the blank with proper words. 1. A. Nobody was in the story he told. B. The story he told was very . ( interested, interesting ) 2. A. Everybody was to hear the news. B. The news is very indeed. ( excited, exciting ) 3. A. The result of the test was rather . B. He was very at the result of the test. ( disappointed, disappointing ) 4. A. What he said was very . B. I was very at the sight. ( amused, amusing )

总结:
过去分词作定语和表语 定语 表语 放在名词和代词的前面或后面 表示动作完成或被动 放在 be 动词或系动词的后面 说明主语的状态或特征

系动词 1. look, sound, smell, taste, feel 2. become, get, turn, grow, fall, go, come 3. stay, keep, remain 4. seem, appear 5. turn out, prove (证明是,结果是) 练习一. 句型转换 1. A thief stole the goat that was tired to the tree. =A thief stole the goat ______ to the tree. 2.The girl who is dressed in red is Kelly’s long-lost friend. = The girl _________________ is Kelly’s long-lost friend. 3. The castle, which was burnt down in the sixteenth century, was never rebuilt. = The castle, ______________ ___________________, was never rebuilt. 4. Father beat the son who was lost in the online games. =Father beat the son ________ in the online games. 5. The project, which was designed by the Chinese engineers, was constructed in only 2 year. = The project, _____________ ____________________, was constructed in only 2 year. 练习二 单句改错 1. They were all amusing at what he said. 2. He was very exciting to hear the news that their team had won. 3. The situation was a bit discouraged. 4. Two pages in this dictionary are missed. 5. Your mother is quite worrying about your stare of health. 练习三 单选 1. As is known to us all, traveling is ______, but we often feel ______ when we are back from travels. A. interesting; tired B. interested; tiring C. interesting; tiring D. interested; tired 2. Hearing the ____ news, we all felt ___. A. encouraging; encouraging B. encouraged; encouraged C. encouraged; encouraging D. encouraging; encouraged 3. From the dates ______ on the gold coin, it is confirmed that it was made five hundred years ago. A. marking B. marked C. to be marked D. having been marked 4. The _______ look in her face suggested that she _______ it before. A. Surprising; wouldn’t know B. surprised; hadn’t known C. surprising; hadn’t known D. surprised; shouldn’t know 5. The picture writing _______ long long ago is hard for us to understand today. A. having been drawn B. being drawn C. was drawn D. drawn 6. The man ______ there is my uncle. A. seat B. seating C. to seat D. seated


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