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高考英语词汇(相似、同义、近义)词突破


高考英语词汇(相似、同义、近义)词突破
精选练习(一)
1. We can't _____ one to change the habits of a lifetime in a short time. A. hope B. wait C. expect D. imagine

expect 期望,盼望,表示认为有很大的客观可能性,例如:I expect the work to be finished by Friday.(我期望这 项工作能在星期五前做完。 ) wait for ... to do sth.等待、 等待......做......, 强调“等”这一动词的本身, 如: The audience are waiting eagerly for the performance to begin.(观众正等着演出开始。)本题如改为这样:I waited for him to arrive in time for dinner, but he didn't come.(我等他来赶上晚餐,但他没有来。)由此可见,expect 是表示“期待”,而 wait for 是表示 “等待”,词义完全不同。 注意 hope 后不能接 sb. to do sth. imagine being on the moon. 例如: I?m sorry, but I can't imagine anyone doing research like that. 本题译文:我们不能期望一个人在这样短的时间内改变一辈子养成的习惯。 2. The noise was so _____ that only those with excellent hearing were aware of it. A. dim B. soft C. faint D. gentle

faint(=weak, indistinct; not clear)“微弱的,模糊的,不清楚的”。Dim(=not bright, not clearly to be seen)不亮的,看 不清的;the dim light of a candle(微弱的烛光)。 3. His landlady gave him a week's _____ to leave the flat. A. threat B. notice C. advice D. caution

notice 预先通知(尤用雇主、雇员或房东、房客之间) :give one's employee a month's notice (通知雇员一个月后 离职)。本题译文:他的女房东通知他一周后从套间搬走。 4. Even if they are on sale, these refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than, _____ at the other store. A. anyone B. the others C. that D. the ones

代词 one 可以用来替代前面提到过的名词,以避免重复。如果它替代的名词是复数,则用 ones。本题中它代替 refrigerators;因特指,故用 the ones. 5. When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above _____. A. average B. ordinary C. regular D. normal

normal 正常的;ordinary 普通的;average 平均的;regular 有规律的,定期的。 6. It is clear that the whole world is passing through a social revolution in which a central _____ must be taken by scientists and technologists. A. process B. attention C. measure D. part

take part in 参加。 本题译文:显然,整个世界正经历着一场社会革命;科学家和技术人员必定是这场革命地主要参加者。

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7. These plastic flowers look so _____ that many people think they are real. A. beautiful B. natural C. artificial D. similar

8. When I worked as the general manager of the firm, I sometimes had _____ to visit London on business. A. opportunity B. possibility C. occasion D. chance

occasion 作可数名词时,意为“时机”,作不可数名词时,意为“必要”,本题中 occasion 意为“必要”。从句语法 结构上看,本句中用 opportunity(难得的)机会,chance(偶然的)机会均可,但按逻辑意思,应用 occasion. 9. The most important _____ of his speech was that we should all work whole-heartedly for the people. A. element B. spot C. sense D. point

point (=chief idea of sth. said, done, or planned)要点; 论点, 主旨: I don't see your point.(我不明白你的意思。 )He said nothing to the point.(他说的不切题。) 10. It has always been the _____ of our firm to encourage workers to take part in social activities. A. plan B. campaign C. procedure D. policy

policy(尤指政党、 政府、 大企业、 商行等的)政策, 方针。 campaign(政治或竞选的)运动; (军事的) 行动, procedure 做事的手续、程序,plan 计划,均不合题意。 本题译文:本公司的一贯方针是鼓励工人参加社会活动。 11. I remember her face but I cannot _____ where I met her. A. recall B. remind C. remember D. remark

recall(=bring back to the mind)想起,回忆起:But I really can't recall your name at his moment. remind sb. of ...使......想起: 1)The photo reminds me of my late father.(这张照片使我想起已故的父亲。) 2) The sight of the clock reminded me that I was late. remind sb. to sth.提醒......做......;Please remind me to write the letter. 12. He has left his book here on _____, so that you can read it. A. purpose B. intention C. aim D. meaning

on purpose 是介词习语,意为“故意地”。如用 intention,则应说 by intention 故意地。 13. The open university was started in order to help those who _____ having a university education when they were young. A. stopped B. failed C. missed D. ceased

miss doing sth.没有做某事:I missed seeing the film when it was shown at school.(学校放映那部电影时,我没有能 去看。) 14. We won't know whether it will be successful. We won't know whether there will be good _____. A. ends B. results C. effects D. causes

result 意为“由某种活动或某种原因所产生的结果”,如:obtain(=get, attain, gain win, secure)good results(取得好 结果) ,publish the results(公布成绩) 。 2

15. Comrade Li Dazhao, _____ librarian of Beijing University, was one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party. A. sometimes B. sometime C. some time D. some times

sometime(=former)过去的,以前的:Alice Brown, a sometime pupil of our school, is now a teacher there. 16. The patients believe that the doctor knows exactly how to put them _____. A. correct B. perfect C. right D. well

put sth. /sb. right 纠正;治好,使恢复健康:Since man has done so much damage, it is up to man to put the matters right. (既然人类已造成了如此巨大的损害, 人类有责任纠正这种状况。 )又如: This medicine will soon put you right. (这 药很快会使你恢复健康。)其他 3 个选择均不能与 put 构成习语,故不能入选。本题译文:病人相信医生清楚地知道 怎样治好他的病。 17. And you find that you're not to be _____ with a position of real responsibility. A. offered B. trusted C. furnished D. retained

trust sb. with sth. 把某事托付给某人 trust sth to sb :I can't trust him with my car.(我不能把我的车托付给他。)本 题译文:你认为不会把真正有责任的工作托付给你。 18. She got married although her parents had not given her their _____. A. allowance B. consent C. permit D. appreciation

consent n. 同意,赞成;consent (to) vi.同意,如:consent to a plan(同意一项计划)。allowance 津贴。permit 执照, 许可证 permission n 允许。 19. At first Bob was puzzled by Virginia s waving, but then it _____ his mind that she was trying to tell him something. A. crossed B. passed C. occurred D. opened

cross (enter)one's mind 想起:1)A sudden thought crossed my mind. 2)It never crossed my mind that he might refuse the request. (我从来没有想到他可能会拒绝这个请求。) 如用 pass through, 例如:When Jane did not come home by midnight, many terrible fears passed through Mother's mind. (=Mother thought of many things that might have happened to Jane.) occur 的用法如下:1)That view of the case did not occur to me before. (对这个案件的那种看法以前我没有想到 过。)2)It occurred to her that she might adopt a homeless child.(她想到,她可以收养一个无家可归的孩子。) 关于"想起"的以上三种表达法考生务必弄懂熟记。这些词组和句形不仅在词汇测试中经常遇到,而且在短文写 作时也可以使用。 本题译文:起初鲍玻对弗吉尼亚的挥手致意感到迷惑,但后来他想到,她想告诉他某事。 20. When college students _____ future employment, they often think of status, income, and prestige. A. demand B. assume C. apply D. anticipate

anticipate vt 预料,期望,预望:The first question is one the John has anticipated. (第一个问题是约翰已经预料到 的.) anticipate +n/anticipate that; anticipate doing sth; I anticipated seeing you soon. 3

21. Alice _____ her father that both she and her husband would be happy if he would live with them. A. convinced B. reinforced C. pledged D. required

convince sb. +that 从句意为"使……相信,说服……"。 convince sb of sth; I tried to convince them of his innocence. convince sb to do sth; We convinced him to go by car. convinced adj Be convinced of/that; I am convinced of his guilt./I am convinced that he is guilty. convincing adj 令人 信服的 reinforce 加强,增强。pledge 发誓,保证. 22. I caught a _____ of the car before it disappeared around the bend. A. glance B. glimpse C. glare D. stare

catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调行为的结果) I caught a glimpse of her in the crowd. 我在人群中瞥见了他。 take a glance (or look) at 看一眼(强调行为过程本身)。Take a glance at the Tv programs 瞄一下电视节目 23. The car salesman took the customer for a driver in the new model in order to _____ its improved features. A. advocate B. demonstrate C. exhibit D. reveal

demonstrate(=show clearly by giving proof or example)以实物说明, 示范, 展示 The salesman demonstrated the new personal computer. advocate 拥护,提倡。exhibit 展览,陈列。reveal 揭示,暴露。 24. After dinner the minister made a short _____ to the guests. A. delivery B. pronunciation C. conversation D. speech

make a speech to sb.(向某人做演讲)。make conversation with sb.(和某人闲谈 conversation 常与下列动词搭配:get (enter) into conversation with(和......攀谈起来),have a conversation with(与......谈话),interr upt (break off) conversation(中 断谈话),turn the conversation to other matters(把话题转到其他问题上)delivery 常指"(演讲等的)说话方式,口才",如: His report was good, but his delivery was poor.( 他的报告内容很好,但他的口才太差)。 25. The old man got into the _____ of storing money under the bed. A. tradition B. habit C. use D. custom

get into the habit of doing sth.意为"养成了做......的习惯"。habit 指个人的习惯,而 custom 则指社会的风俗习惯。 tradition"传统 26. One-room schoolhouses can still be found in _____ areas where there are no other schools for many miles. A. disposed B. deserted C. isolated D. abandoned

isolated 孤立的。Deserted 被遗弃的;空无一人的 a deserted house 空无一人的房屋;abandoned 丢弃的,如; abandoned cars(因报废而丢弃的汽车)。Dispose of sth. 处理掉某物:He disposed of his old car .(他把旧的汽车处理掉 了。)意为卖掉或扔掉等。 27. It?s bad ____ for a man to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed. A. behavior B. action C. manner D. movement

behavior 意思为"举止,行为";action "动作";manner"方式"; movement "运动,行动"。答案 A。 28. Before the final examination, many students have shown ____ of tension. Some have trouble in sleeping while 4

others have lost their appetite. A. anxiety B. marks C. signs D. remarks

anxiety 与 tension 同义,意思为"紧张";mark"记号,痕迹"; sign"迹象,现象,标记"; remark"评论"。根据 句意,应为 show signs of tension"表现出紧张的样子"。答案 C。 29. When you do exercises, your heart works better. It is able to______ more blood while beating more slowly. A. produce B. pump C. increase D. bump

pump“泵入更多的血” 。produce“产生” ;increase“增加” ;bump“碰,撞” 。 30.—Yang Yang carried off the first winter Olympic _____ medal for China. —Great! What ____ she won for our motherland! A. golden; honour B. gold; honor C. golden; honors D. gold; honors

根据句意可以知道,第一空"金牌"意思为"含金之物",应用 gold 作定语,而 golden 为比喻性形容词,意思为" 金色的"。例如 golden rice"金黄色的稻子";第二空 honor 在此意思为"荣誉,光荣",是不可 数名词。 31. The problem is not ____ so easy as you think. It?s far from being settled. A. hardly B. almost C. nearly D. scarcely

hardly 和 scarcely 意思均为"几乎不",与题干中的 not 构成双重否定,不符合句子意思;almost 与 not 连用时, almost 常置于 not 前面,意思为"几乎不";只有 not nearly 为正确结构,意思为"相差很远"。 32. I?ll____ him off this time but next time he?ll be punished. A. leave B. let C. put D. set

let off 饶恕。 Set off 出发、动身; leave off 停止、不再穿;put off 推迟。 33. —— Who on earth could it be? A. none B. nothing —— It was ________ other than Peter. C. not D. nobody

none other than (表示惊讶)不是别人,不是别的;就是,正是 It's none other than Tom! We thought you were in Africa! 是汤姆!我们以为你还在非洲! 34. In the A.lack of proof , the police could not take action against the man . B.shortage C.absence D.failure

in the absence of 缺少 shortage 缺乏, 无此搭配。"In the developed countries, there's a great shortage of labour / work force." 发达国家劳动力非常缺乏。 35. He proved himself a true gentleman and the beauty of his _______ was seen at its best when he worked with others. A. temper B. appearance C. talent D. character

the beauty of his character 人格的魅力 36. Nowadays sending e-mails to each other is a way many a student _______ what they think. A. conveys B. delivers C. express D. account

convey 表达 Words can?t convey my feelings.言语无法表达我的心情. 5

37. —How do you

to her unkindly behavior?

—Only silence.

Which of the following is wrong? A.react B.answer C.reply answer sb./ sth. , but D.respond

react/ reply/ respond to sb./ sth.

38. Some friends tried to settle the quarrel between Mr. and Mrs. Brown without hurting the feeling of failed. A.none B.either C.both D.neither

either 指两者中的任何一个. 不愿意伤害他们两个当中的任何一个。 39. Does this car give you good _____for your money ? A. value B. price C. worth D. cost

good value for money 值得花那么多的钱 40. —Where —Nobody Chongqing do you decide to build the factory ? our manager knows . B.but; besides C.but ; but D.except; besides

A.except; besides

but 表示除外。主要和疑问副词、不定代词连用。除了重庆以外,你们公司将在什么地方建工厂?除了经理没 人知道。 41. It seemed that Ivy was in no________ this evening to listen to my jokes. A. mind B. mood C. feeling D. emotion

be in no mood to do sth“没有做某事的心情”。 42. Sensible people don?t think it is_______ to buy things which are not needed even at a low price. A. worth B. worthy C. worthless D. worthwhile

It is worthwhile to do sth“值得做某事”。 it is worth doing sth it is worthy to be done It is worthy of being done 43. When you arrive at the hotel, you?ll______ notice the friendly staff, who will make your holiday a wonderful dream. A. sensitively B. scarcely C. immediately D. obviously

immediately“立即”; sensitively“敏感地”;scarcely“几乎不,将近”;obviously“明显地”。 44. As they haven?t a child of their own, they?re going to _______ a little girl. A. accept B. receive C. adapt D. adopt

adopt“领养”; accept“接受”;receive“收到”;adapt“适应”。 45. After careful research, it was decided that the spaceship should reenter the Earth?s________. A. surface B. air C. environment 6 D. atmosphere

admosphere“大气”; surface“表面”;air“空气”;environment“环境”。 46. David paused to consult his notes, then_______ with his speech. A. proceeded B. pursed C. pronounced D. proposed

proceed“继续进行”,为不及物动词,常和介词 with 连用; purse “追逐,继续,从事”,为及物动词,后不能接介 词;pronounce“发音”;propose“提议,建议”。 47. That way of living is_______ to people in this small part of the country. A. specific B. available C. peculiar D. particular

be peculiar to“特有的”,为固定词组。本句句意为:那种生活方式是这个国家那一小部分的人们所特有的。 48. The headmaster is to give a formal_______ at the annual ceremony. A. address B. argument C. debate D. remark

address“演讲”; argument “争论”;debate “辩论”;remark “话语,评论”。 49. He had a talent for music and was______ conductor of Shanghai Symphony Orchestra at the age of 30. A. assigned B. appointed C. named D. honored

appoint“任命”; assign “布置”;name “命名”;honor“给……荣誉”。 50. Psychologists say that_____ our emotions will make us feel better and there is nothing to be ashamed of. A. relieving B. relaxing C. releasing D. removing

releasing“释放”; relieve “减轻”;relax “放松”;remove “清除”。 51. After many years? waiting, Chinese people______ realized their dream to hold the Olympic Games. A. constantly B. eventually C. lastly D. generally

eventually “最终地”; constantly “经常地”;lastly “最后地”; generally “通常地”。 52. Such noble deeds of the doctors and nurses can?t be only______ with money. A. rewarded B. awarded C. praised D. valued

reward “回报”, 常用于 reward sb.with sth.结构; award “授予(奖品等)”, 常用于 award sb. sth; praise “表扬”; value “评价,重视”。 53. Shanghai is so full of_______, it seems as if things never stop. A. strength B. spirit C. force D. energy

energy “精力,活力”; strength “力气”;spirit “精神”;force “力量,武力”。 54. My knowledge of Hong Kong came only from some movies: a______ of criminals are pursued by the police in the narrow streets and then they have a fight. A. group B. team C. class D. gang

gang “一伙”; group “组”;team “队”;class “种类,等级”。 55. When we finally arrived, a lady gave us a _______ introduction of the university. A. clear B. brief C. main D. abstract

brief “简要的”; clear “清晰的”;main “主要的”;abstract “抽象的”。 7

56. A(n)______ is a person who understand people?s characters. A. photographer B. psychologist C. physician D. physicist

psychologist “心理学家”。; photographer “摄影师”;physician “内科医生”;physicist “物理学家”。 57. If you build a house with good_______ , it will last long. A. foundation B. floor C. basis D. ground

foundation “基础”,此处指地下的基础; floor “地板,楼层”;basis “基础,根据”,主要用于比喻方面,具有抽象 意义;ground “地面”。 58. Although I had read the book assigned by the professor several times, it didn?t make any______ to me. A. meaning B. importance C. sense D. significance

make sense“有意义”。句意为:虽然我把教授布置的书读了好几遍,但是我仍看不懂它。 59.Burning all the lights in the classroom will be a great______ on electric power. A. waste B. lack C. drain D. damage

drain “消耗”,常与介词 on 连用; waste “浪费”,为不可数名词;lack ?“缺少”;damage “损坏,损害”。 60. As civilization______, more and more people have realized the importance of preserving rare animals from extinction. A. stretches B. spreads C. extends D. expands

spread “传播,扩散”; stretch “伸展”;extend “延长”;expand “膨胀,扩大”。

精选练习(二)
1. In this factory, suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully _____. A. admitted B. acknowledged C. absorbed D. considered

considered 考虑; admit 承认; absorb 吸收。 [注意]acknowledge 1) (=agree or admit the truth of; confess) 承认, 供认; A. He acknowledged his mistake. (他

承认了他的错误。) B. 接动名词 He acknowledged having been beaten. (他承认被打败了。) 2) (express thanks for) 致 谢; A. Mary acknowledged the gift with a pleasant letter. (玛丽致函感谢馈赠的礼物。) B. His long service with the

company was acknowledged with a present. (向他赠送礼品以感谢他长期来对公司的服务。) 2. American women were _____ the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle. A. ignored deny 1)否认: B. refused C. neglected D. denied

A. He didn't deny the facts.

B. They couldn't deny that it was a serious blow to them. C. He denied having ever there.(他否认曾到过那里。) 2)(=say 'no' to a request; refuse to give sth. asked for or needed)不给予; Lots of people were denied the right to vote.(许多人被剥夺了选举权。) He denies his wife nothing.(他对他的妻子有求必应。) 8

3. The lost car of the Lees was found _____ in the woods off the highway. A. vanished B. abandoned C. scattered D. rejected

abandoned (=give up completely) 放弃, 抛弃; 1) The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund. 2) The sailors abandoned the burning ship. [注意]abandon 暗指某人对其所抛弃的人或物将会发生什么事情不感兴趣, 如把撞坏的汽车抛弃在路旁。 vanish (=suddenly disappear; go out of existence) vi.消失, 绝迹; 1) The airplane vanished into the clouds. 2) Many kinds of animals have vanished form the earth. (许多种类的动物以在地球上绝迹。) scatter (=send, go in different direction) 驱使, 使分散; The police scattered the crowed. (警察驱散人群。) (=throw or put in various directions) 撒, 到处放; He scattered his clothes all over the room. reject (=refuse to accept) 拒绝接受; She rejected my suggestion. 4. Henry's news report covering the conference was so _____ that nothing had been omitted. A. understanding B. comprehensible C. comprehensive D. understandable

comprehensive 完全的无所不包的; comprehensible 能懂的, 可以理解的; understandable 可以理解的, 主要用来 指人的行为。 understanding 用来指人时, 表示"善于理解别人或别人问题的 (人) 。 "注意下面的搭配: a comprehensive map ( 街区详图 ) ; a comprehensible remark ( 听得懂的话 ) ,an understandable mistake ( 可以理解的错误 ) ; an understanding friend (一位能理解人的朋友) 。 5. No one has _____ been able to trace the author of the poem. A. still B. yet C. already D. just

6. The managing director took the _____ for the accident, although it was not really his fault. A. guilt B. charge C. blame D. account

take the blame for 对......承担责任。Take charge of 负责管理 (照顾) 。[注意]charge 前无冠词 the. 7. He has impressed his employers considerably and _____ he is soon to be promoted. A. eventually B. yet C. finally D. accordingly

accordingly (=for that reason, therefore) 因此, 所以。 8. It was a great _____ for him to be pleasant to people he didn't like. A. attempt B. trouble C. power D. effort

effort (作可数名词用) (=vigorous attempt) 努力的尝试:Does it require a great effort of will to give up smoking? (戒 烟需要坚强的毅力吗?) 9. His new appointment takes _____ from the beginning of next month. A. place B. effect C. post D. office

take effect 生效。 9

10. The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and _____ him of speeding. A. charged B. accused C. blamed D. deprived

accuse sb. of... 控告某人犯有......, warn sb. of 警告、 告戒某人有......deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某事。 charge sb. with murder (指控某人犯有杀人罪) 。 11. Mr. Smith gradually _____ a knowledge of the subject. A. attained B. achieved C. required D. acquired

acquired (=gain for oneself by skill or ability, by one's own efforts or behavior) (由技术、 能力、 努力或行为) 获得; 得 到: He has acquired a good command of English language. (他已精通英语。 ) achieve, vt. 取得 (胜利、 成功等) , 实现 (目 标、目的等) 。 attain, vt. 达到 (目的等) , 取得 (成就等) :1) I hope you will attain your object. (我希望你会达到你 的目的。) 2) He attained success through hard work. 12. My camera can be _____ to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions. A. treated B. adopted C. adjusted D. reminded

adjust (=arrange, put in order or agreement; make suitable or convenient for use) 强调, 调节, 使适应; The body adjusts itself to change of temperature. (身体能自行调节以适应温度的变化。 ) My eyes have not been adjusted to dark yet. (我的眼睛还没有适应黑暗。) 本句中 adjust 是不及物动词。I must adjust my watch. It's slow. (我必须调一下我的表。 它走得慢了。) 13. According to the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, wisdom comes from the _____ of maturity. A. fulfillment B. achievement C. establishment D. accomplishment

achievement (=something successfully finished or gained especially through skill and hard work) 取得, 达到, 成就。 例如:achievement age 智力成熟年龄。fulfillment (=the act of fulfilling or condition of being fulfilled) 履行, 实行。如: He was willing to face any hardship in fulfillment of his duties. (他愿意迎向困难去履行他得职责。) establishment 建立, 建设。 Accomplishment (顺利) 完成: It was a great accomplishment to finish the house cleaning in two days. (两天内打扫 完这栋屋子是件很了不起的事。) 14. The number of tickets _____ will be determined by the size of the stadium. A. adaptable B. acceptable C. advisable D. available

available. (=capable of being used; that may be obtained) 可用的, 有效的, 可得到的。例如:1) There are no doctors available in the remote areas. (在边远地区没有大夫。) 2) There tickets are available for on month. (这些票有效期一个 月。) acceptable 可以接受的:None of the suggestions was acceptable. advisable 明智的, 可取的, 适当的:I think it advisable that he be assigned to the job. (我认为指派他干这项工作是可取的。) adaptable 能适应的:He is an adaptable man and will soon learn the new work. 15. He is a very honest official and never _____ any gifts from the people who sought his help. A. accepted B. received C. carried D. excepted

receive 收到, 接到, 指“收, 接”这一动作; 而 accept 是经过考虑“接受”下来, 表示当事人的态度, 如:I received 10

the present, but I did not accept it. (我收到了这件礼物, 但我没有接受。) 16. He was not _____ to the club because he wasn't a member. A. allowed B. admitted C. permitted D. approved

admit sb. to (=allow sb. or sth. to enter; let in) 允许某人某物进入; 让......进入: 1) Children are not admitted. (儿童免 进。) Only one hundred boys are admitted to the school the school every year. (这所学校每年只收 100 名男生。) admit (=acknowledge; confess) 承认, 供认:1) We have to admit that he is a highly competent man. (我们不得不承认他是一位 能力很强的人。 ) 2) The thief admitted his crime. 3) She admitted having read the letter, 4) I admit breaking the window. 注 意 admit 后可接动名词的一般式或完成式。5) We must admit the task to be difficult。注意 admit 也可以接复合结构。 allow 和 permit 后均可接 sb. to do sth., 故不合本题题意。 approve sth. 批准; approve of doing sth. (=think well of) 赞成, 赞许:1) I am afraid they won't approve of your going there. (恐怕他们不会赞成你去那里的。) 2) I don't approve of your way of looking at things. (我不赞同你看待事情的方法。) 17. Motorists _____ of speeding may be banned from driving for a year. A. convicted B. arrested C. charged D. judged

be convicted to 被判有...... (罪) :He was convicted of murder. (他被法院判有谋杀罪。) 18. The reason why he adapted to the new situations quickly is that he has a _____ attitude. A. changeable B. alternate C. movable D. flexible

flexible 灵活的, 可变通的; We need a foreign policy that is more flexible. 19. An early typewriter produced letters quickly and neatly; the typist, _____ couldn't see his work on his machine. A. however however 然而。 本题译文:早期的打字机打起字来又快又整齐, 然而打字员不能看着机器键盘打字。 20. We are interested in the weather because it _____ us so directly ------ what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel. A. benefits B. guides C. affects D. effects B. therefore C. yet D. although

affect (=have an influence or effect on) 影响:The climate affected his health. (气候影响[损害]了他的健康。) [注意]affect vt. 影响。effect n. (=influent) 影响, 作用:Some films have a misleading effect on children. effect vt. (=bring about) 实行, 进行, 产生......后果: 1) I will effect my purpose: no-one shall stop me! 2) We hope to effect an improvement. (我们希望能引起改进。) 注意两个常用的习语: 1) to that effect 那个意思的 (话) : She said she hated spinach, or words to that effect. (她说她不喜欢吃菠菜或那个意思的话。) 2) to the effect that... 意思时说, 表示下述意思: I said a few words the effect that all he had told us was already well known. (我说了几句话, 意思是说他告诉我们的 11

一切都已众所周知。) 21. A university is an educational institution which _____ degrees and carries out research. A. rewards B. awards C. grants D. presents

awards sb. sth. 授于某人某物。如:They awarded John the first prize. (他们授于约翰一等奖。) 对比: reward sb with sth. 以某物酬谢某人, 须加介词 with; They rewarded the boy with $5 for bringing back the lost dog. (他们给这男孩 5 美元酬谢他把丢失的狗找回来。) grant (=consent to give or allow what is asked for) 同意 (给予) , 答应 (请求) : The firm granted him a pension. (公司同意给予他退休金。) present sb. with sth. 赠送: Our class presented the school with a picture. (我们班给学校送了一幅画。) present 颁发, 呈递: 1) The principal will present the diplomas. (校长将颁发文凭。) 2) We shall present a complete report to the Annual Conference. (我们将向年会递交一份全面的报告。) 本题句意是:大学是授予学位和进行研究的教育机构。可见, 本题应选 award. 22. The boy had a _____ escape when he ran across the road in front of the bus. A. close B. short C. narrow D. fine

have a narrow escape 幸免遇难。 23. The finance minister has not been so _____ since he raised taxes to such a high level. A. popular B. well-known C. favorable D. preferable

popular 此处意为“ (=liked and admired) 受爱戴的, 有名声或声望的”。 24. It is wrong for someone in such a high _____ in the government to behave too badly in public. A. situation B. position C. employment D. profession

position 此句中指“地位” (不可数, 有时加不定冠词), 如:1) She was a woman of high position. 2) a high (low) position society. 25. We all knew from the very _____ that the plan would fail. A. outcome B. outset C. income D. output

outset 开端, 开始, from the very outset (从一开始) 。 outbreak 爆发, 发生。 outcome 结局. income 收入。 output 产 量。 26. He looked rather untidy as there were two buttons _____ from his coat. A. loosing B. losing C. off D. missing

missing 缺少的; a book with some missing pages. (缺页书) 。 27. Lawyers often make higher _____ for their work than they should. A. bills B. charges C. prices D. costs

make charges for 对......收 (费) ; 索 (价) 。charge 也可以用作动词, 表示“收费, 索价”, 如:1) We don't charge 12

anything for that. (对此我们不收费。) 2) How much do you charge for a haircut? (理个发要收多少钱?) 28. How can we get this language point _____ to the students. A. down B. round C. across D. into

本题译文, 我们怎样才能把这个语言点向学生讲清楚? 29. This book gives a brief _____ of the history of the castle and details of the art collection in the main hall. A. outline B. reference C. article D. outlook

outline 轮廓, 概要; give an outline of sth. 概要说明某事。 30. Although John was the eldest in the family, he always let his sister _____ charge of the house. A. take B. hold C. make D. get

take charge of (=to be or become responsible for sb. or sth.) 负责、掌管、看管; He took charge of the department (or the children) . 31. The child enjoyed _____ up the wooden bricks then knocking them down. A. adding B. pushing C. piling D. forming

pile up (=lay in a pile or as if in a pile) 把......放成一堆, 堆积: pile up the books on the table (把书堆在桌子上) 。 Pile up 作不及物动词用, 意为“积压; (若干汽车) 相撞”:1) Perishable goods are piling up at the docks. (码头上易腐烂的货 物堆积如山。 ) 2) Several cars piled up after ignoring the fog warning on the motorway. (由于无视高速公路上的大雾警告, 有好几辆汽车相撞。) 32. John was very upset because he was _____ by the police with breaking the law. A. accused B. arrested C. sentenced D. charged

be charged with 受指控犯有......; He was charged with murder. (他受指控犯有凶杀罪。) 33. It isn't quite _____ that he will be present at the meeting. A. sure B. right C. exact D. certain

I am sure that +从句。He is sure to come. = He is certain to come.但在 it 作形式主语, that 引导主语从句时, 主句中 表语只能用 certain, 不能用 sure. 34. The members of the club wouldn't run a _____ in entrusting(委托) the organization to an unreliable person. A. danger B. risk C. loose D. chance

run a risk (in) 冒险:You are running a big risk in trusting him. 本题译文:俱乐部成员不愿冒险把这个组织委托给一个不可靠的人管理。 35. My brother likes eating very much but he isn't very _____ about the food he eats. A. special B. peculiar C. particular D. unusual

be particular about 对......讲究, 挑剔; She is very particular about what she wears. (她对她得穿着很讲究。 ) Mr. Smith was quite particular about my work. (史密斯先生对工作十分挑剔。) 36. Voices were _____ as the argument between the two motorists became more bad-tempered. A. spoken B. raised C. developed D. increased 13

raise (=lift up) one's voice 提高嗓门, 高声叫喊。Raise one's voice against sth. 意为“为抗议某事而大声疾呼”, 如: As no one raised his voice against the plan, it was agreed on. (因为没有人发表反对意见, 该计划就一致通过了。) voice 的常用习语有:the public voice (舆论) , under one's voice (小声地) , with one voice (异口同声地,一致地) ,lose one's voice (嗓子哑了, 说不出话来) , have no voice with (对某事无发言权)。 37. After the show, the crowd _____ out of the theater. A. poured B. melted C. drew D. dismissed

pour 此处意为:涌出, 涌来, 如:People poured out to the rally. (人们踊跃参加群众大会。) 38. Though _____ in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred to record the plain facts of small-town life. A. raised B. grown C. developed D. cultivated

本句中 Though raised in San Francisco 是省略的让步状语从句。 Raise (=bring up) 抚养: grow 种植; cultivate 耕作; 培养 (友谊等) 。如 cultivate 后接某人, 则意为“培养与某人的感情”。如:John always tries to cultivate the people, who are useful to him professionally. (约翰一向喜欢与事业上对他有用的人来往。) 本题译文:尽管在旧金山长大, 但戴夫米切尔总是愿意把小镇生活中平凡的事情记载下来。 39. I'm afraid this painting is not by Picasso. It's only a copy and so it's _____. A. priceless B. invaluable C. unworthy D. worthless

worthless 无价值的, 无用的。Priceless 无价的, 贵重的, 无法估价的:a priceless treasure 无价之宝。Invaluable 无法估价的, 非常宝贵的。Unworthy 不值得的, 不配的; 无价值的。 40. The final _____ of the play will take place on Monday. A. action B. performance C. view D. sight

performance (话剧的) 一场演出。 41. It was a long time before the cut on my hand _____ completely. A. healed heal 1) 使痊愈, 治愈:The salve will help to heal the wound. (这种药膏能治愈你的伤。) 2) 痊愈 (多指外伤) :The cut on my leg has healed. (我腿上的伤口以痊愈。) 可见, 本题是 heal 的第二种用法。cure 治疗, 治好; The drug cured my fever. (这种药使我退烧了。) This medicine should cure you of your cold. (这种药定会治好你的感冒。) recover 也可以表示“痊愈”, 意为“恢复正常”。 例如:1) I think she will recover. (我认为她会痊愈的。) 2) He almost fell ill, but quickly recovered. (他差点病到, 但很快就痊愈了。) 也可以用 recovered 做表语表示“痊愈, 恢复正常: Are you completely recovered from your illness? (你的病是不是完全好了?) [注意] recover vi. 用作“痊愈”时, 句子主语通常是人。Improve 改善, 此词无“治疗”或“痊愈”之意。 本题译文:过了很长时间我手上的伤口才痊愈。 14 B. cured C. improved D. recovered

42. As soon as the children were _____, their mother got them out of bed and into the bathroom. A. woke D. awake. awake adj.醒着的 (作表语) 。Awake, awaken, wake, waken 都可以作及物和不及物动词用, 但是 awake 多用作不 及物动词, 其中 wake 最常用。 43. The government's strong action demonstrated its _____ to crush the rebellion. A. energy B. resistance C. courage D. determination B. waken C. wake D. awake

determination 意为“决心”, 后常接动词不定式作定语。 44. Probability is the mathematical study of the _____ of an event's occurrence. A. desire B. likelihood C. result D. effect

句意:概率是对事件发生的可能性的数学研究。 45. There were no tickets _____ for Friday's performance. A. preferable B. possible C. considerable D. available

available (=capable of being used; that may be obtained) 可利用的; 可以找到的:1) These tickets are available for one month. (这些票的有效期一个月。) 2) Is there a doctor available? (有否可以找到大夫?) 3) A limited number of seats are still available. (仍然还有少量座位。) 46. In a typhoon, winds _____ a speed greater than 120 kilometers per hour. A. assume B. accomplish C. attain D. assemble

attain (=succeed in doing or getting) 达到 (目的等) ,取得 (成就等) :I hope you will attain your object, accomplish (顺利) 完成。assume 假定, 假设, 承担。assemble 集合; 装配。 47. The thief _____ the papers all over the room while he was searching. A. abandoned B. vanished C. scattered D. deserted

scatter(=throw or put in various directions, or here and there)撒。 abandon 放弃,抛弃。desert 遗弃(而离开) 。vanish 消亡,灭亡。本题句意是将小偷在搜寻钱时的情景,所以 应选 scattered(撒)。 48. Roses are quite _____ flowers in English gardens. A. ordinary B. common C. usual D. general

common(=usual and ordinary; happening of found often and in many places)普通的;常见的;常常发生的;到处可 见的:a common experience(普通的经历);a common tree(常见的树木)。This bird is common throughout Europe.(这种 鸟在欧洲很常见。)They can treat most of the common diseases.(他们能治疗大多数常见病。) usual(=done, found, used or existing most of the time) 经常的, 通常的, 惯例的, 习以为常的; 强调时间习惯方面, 例如:This is the usual state of the house.(这房子里平常就是这种样子。) ordinary 正常的, 普通的, 正常的; an ordinary day(平凡的一天), ordinary people(普通人), a piece of ordinary dance music(一首普通的舞曲)。 15

general 普通的。它与 common 比较,语气稍强,含有很少例外的意外。 可见本题中用 common 是最佳的选择。 49. The _____ of the trees in the water was very clear. A. mirror B. sight C. reflection D. shadow

reflection 此处意为“映在水中的倒影”,而不是“影子”或“阴影”,故不能用 shadow。其他选择均不合题意。 50. Her display of bad temper completely _____ the party. A. harmed B. damaged C. spoilt D. hurt

spoil 指出意指“使...... 扫兴,搞糟”,如:Quarrelling spoilt the picnic.(争吵使这次野餐弄得很扫兴。)hurt 伤害, damage 损坏,harm 危害,均不合题意。 51. Our attitude toward our teachers should be _____, but not slavish or superstitious. A. respectable B. respected C. respective D. respectful

respectable(=deserving respect)值得尊敬的,品行端正的。respectful(=showing respect to)有礼貌的,表示尊敬的。 Respective 各个的。respected 尊敬的。Respecting prep.(=relating to; concerned with)关于,说到。 52. "Who is responsible for sending out misinformation?" "Most of the fault lies _____ the administration." A. in B. to C. on D. with

lie with 应由.......(承担责任) ; (作出决定等)得靠...... 1)The responsibility lies with the driver.(责任应由这个司机 承担。) 2)It lies with you to accept or reject he the proposal.(接受还是拒绝这项建议由你决定。) lie in 在于: 1)The difficulty lies in their great poverty.(困难在于他们非常贫困。) 2)the solution lies in social and political reform.(解决方法在于社会政治改革。) 53. People who live in a small village are bound to see a good _____ of each other. A. sum B. quantity C. deal D. amount

see a good deal of each other 经常见面。 54. They always kept on good _____ with their next-door neighbors for the children's sake. A. friendship B. relations C. intentions D. terms

keep (be) on good terms with 与......和睦相处。 55. He was afraid that the branch might bend over and break, and he would be sent _____ to the ground. A. crashing B. throwing C. rushing D. dropping

crash(to the ground)猛跌(到地上) 。Crash n. 常指飞机等的“失事”,如:He was killed in an aircraft crash.(他在飞机失事中丧生。)本句中用 falling 不妥,fall 指“落下,掉下”,本身并不强调落下的速度,而 crash 使“猛跌”,故本题用 crashing 最佳。 56. Despite their good service, most inns are less costly than hotels of _____ standards. A. equivalent B. uniform C. alike D. likely

equivalent 相等的,相当的:He exchanged his pounds for the equivalent amount of dollars. uniform 相同的,一样的。 16

Likely adj.很可能的,有希望的。Alike(表语形容词)相同的,相象的。 57. The generation _____ makes it difficult for parents to understand their children's opinions. A. division B. gap C. separation D. interval

generation gap 代沟。 division 分,划分;separation 分开;interval 间隔,间隙; (幕间或工间)休息。at intervals 不时,时时 58. If the boy had _____ the dog alone it wouldn't have bitten him. A. set B. left C. had D. put

leave sb./sth. alone 不惹,不管,不碰:Leave the box alone.(别碰那个盒子。) 59. The illness from which Mary is suffering has now been _____ as hepatitis (肝炎). A. diagnosed B. determined C. deduced D. discovered

diagnose...as 把......诊断为......。 本题译文:玛丽的病现已诊断为肝炎。 60. I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into _____ when judging my examination. A. regard B. account C. thought D. observation

take sth. into account(=consider)考虑到:We must take local conditions into accout.

精选练习(三)
1. Pigeon is often considered a(n)________ of peace. A. example B. sign C. mark D. symbol

句子意思:鸽子常常被人们当作和平的象征。 example 榜样; sign 信号、迹象; mark 标记、痕迹; symbol 象征 2. If you spend enough money advertising, your product sales will surely_________. A. expand B. enlarge C. extend D. increase

句子意思:如果你花足够的钱作广告,那么产品的销量就会增加。 expand 扩大、膨胀; enlarge 放大 extend 延伸、扩展; increase 增加 3. We volunteered to collect money to help the ______ of the tsunami. A. victims B. folks C. fellows D. villagers

句子意思:我们志愿募集钱去帮助那些海啸中的受害者。 victim 受害者; folk 人们、家属、亲属、民族/种族; fellow 家伙、小伙子; villager 村民 4. By 1909, Picasso had______ himself as a painter of great talent in Paris. A. made B. recognize C. admitted D. established

句子意思:直到 1909 年毕加索才在巴黎确立了天才画家的地位。 make 使……成为; recognize 承认、认出; admit 承认; establish oneself as…确立……的地位。 5. If you don?t take away all your things from the desk, there won?t be enough_____ for my stationery. 17

A. area

B. place

C. room

D. surface

room 表示足够用以运动的空间或余地,通常用 room.句子意思:如果你不把桌子上你的所有东西拿走的话,我 的文具就没有地方放了。 area 地区、区域:强调清楚划分出的界限; place 特定的某个地方、场所、空间; surface 表面 6. We all write________, even when there?s not much to say. A. now and then B. by and by C. step by step D. more or less

now and then 不时地。句子意思:即使没有多少要说的东西,我们大家仍不时地写着。 by and by 不久以后; step by step 渐渐; more or less 或多或少 7._________ most students, she was always well prepared and never came to class late. A. Like B. As C. For D. To

like 像。句子意思:像大多数学生一样,她总是准备充分,上课从不迟到。as 作为介词用意思为“作为”,for/to sb 对某人而言 8. Everyone should fight for the_______ of their own country. A. favour B. reward C. honour D. prize

句子意思为:人人都应该为自己国家的荣誉而战。 favour 赞赏、嘉许; reward 回报; honour 荣誉; prize 奖金 9. The policeman saved the little girl from the gangs. He?s never afraid of them. I think he is a man of _________. A. importance B. use C. courage D. value

句子意思:警察从那帮歹徒手中救出了那个小女孩,他从来就不怕那些歹徒。我想他是个有勇气的人。 importance 重要性; use 用途、用处; courage 勇气; value 价值 10. It is widely accepted that young babies learn to do things because certain acts lead to________. A. rewards B. prizes C. awards D. results

reward 意为“报酬,酬劳”,表示作为某种行为的结果而应得的报酬;prize 意为“奖品”; award 常用作动词,可 接双宾语;意为“授予某人某物”,作名词时意为“奖品”;result 意为“结果”。 11. The surgeon_______ his excellent skill in carrying out the operation. A. represented B. instructed C. demonstrated D. exhibited

句子意思:那个外科医生在手术中展示了他的精湛的技能。 represent “代表”;instruct “指示”;demonstrate “展示,演示”;exhibit “陈列,展出”。 12. I wrote him a letter to show my______ of his thoughtfulness. A. achievement B. agreement C. attention D. appreciation

appreciation 指充分理解后作出的赞美,或以热情赞同、衷心欣赏、真诚感激做出的某种反应,意为“赞赏、感 激”;句子意思:我写信给他对他周到的考虑表示真诚的感激。 achievemtnt 意为“成就”;agreement 意为“同意”;attention 意为“注意”。 13. Ben has not the least_______ of giving up his research. 18

A. intention

B. attempt

C. aim

D. desire

intention “意图, 意志, 志向”指某人心中想要干、 促成的事情, 常用 have the intention of sth / to do sth, 表示“有…… 的打算”;句子意思:本丝毫没有放弃研究的意图。 attempt “企图,尝试”; aim“目的”常与介词 at 搭配;desire “渴望,欲望”。 14. We decided not to climb that mountain because it was raining_________. A. badly B. hardly C. strongly D. heavily

heavily 此处指雨下得大;badly “恶劣地”;hardly “几乎不”;strongly “强烈地”。 15. One of the advantages of living on the top floor of a high-rise is that you can get a good ________. A. scenery B. scene C. view D. look

view 意为“风景,景色”,通常指从某个特定(或许较高的)位置所见到的景物,如 If you stand here you will have a better view of the lake. scenery 指抽象的自然风景,常指“(美丽、开阔的)自然风景”; scene 指戏剧、电影等的一场,场景,布景; look 指 朝某物看一眼。 16.________ production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year. A. As B. For C. With D. Through

with 作介词表示“随着”;as 作介词意为“作为”,作连词意为“当,随着”;for 作介词“因为”;through “通过”。 17. Parents try to _______ their children of their bad habits. A. cure B. treat C. recover D. heal

cure sb of sth 表示“治愈”;treat “治疗,对待”;recover “重新获得,恢复”;heal “治愈(尤指伤口愈合) 18. My cousin worked all winter vocation, saving money to______ his hobby of collecting stamps. A. search B. hunt C. seek D. pursue

pursue “追求,继续从事”;search “搜寻”;hunt “猎寻”;seek “寻求”。 19. Many moving stories of that time remain______ in people?s heart to this day. A. deeply B. strongly C. strong D. deep

deep “深深的”,这里做 remain 的表语;deeply “深深地”,强调程度,strongly “强烈地”;strong “强壮的”。 20. The finance minister has not been so _____ since he raised taxes to such a high level. A. popular B. well-known C. favorable D. preferable

popular 此处意为" (=liked and admired) 受爱戴的, 有名声或声望的"。 21. He_____ some German while he was away on a business trip in Berlin. A. picked out B. picked up C. gave up D. gave out

pick up “获得,学会”;pick out “挑选”;give up “放弃”;give out “分发,用完”。 22 .The computer was one of the greatest______ in the 20th century. A. inventions B. discoveries C. findings D. explorations

invention “发明”;discovery “发现”;finding “发现,发现物”;exploration “探险”。 19

22. —Excuse me, may I ask you some questions? ---Sorry, I?m too busy and haven?t even a minute to________. A. spend B. spare C. share D. stop

spare 作动词,表示省出某物来让给或供给别人;spend 意为“花(钱或时间)”; share 表示与他人分享与负担;stop 是“停止”的意思。 23. At the______ of the century, Shanghai is developing at a rapid speed. A. turn B. change C. age D. time

at the turn of the century“在世纪之交时”;change “变化”;age “世纪,年代”; time “时间,时代”。 24. The church has______ quite a few changes over the years. A. watched B. witnessed C. viewed D. observed

witness “目击,见证”;watch “观看”;view “考虑,看待”;observe “观察”。 25. The tragedy of the innocent young Brazilian boy killed by the British police has put the British police in a difficult________. A. occasion B. case C. situation D. background

situation “状况,情形”;occasion “场合”;case “案子,某一特别的情况”;background “背景”。 26. We all knew from the very _____ that the plan would fail. A. outcome B. outset C. income D. output

outset. 开端, 开始, from the very outset (从一开始) 。 outbreak 爆发, 发生; outcome 结局. income 收入; output 产量。 27. Eye_______ is very important when delivering a speech in public. A. touch B. sight C. sign D. contact

eye contact 表示“目光接触/交流”,为固定搭配; touch “接触”;sight “视线”;sign “迹象”。 28. Such people shouldn?t be_______ into the party. A. permitted B. admitted C. allowed D. agreed

admit “允许某人进入”,常用句型:admit sb to/into some place; permit/allow 意为“允许”,用法为:permit/allow doing; agree “同意”。 29. Carine is not in the ______ for going to the ball tonight. A. condition B. temper C. mood D. motion

be in the mood for sth 有做……事的心情;be in good condition 可以表示身体健康;temper“脾气”;motion“运动, 动作”。 30.—Why haven?t you bought any butter? ---I_____ to but I forgot about it. A. liked B. wished C. meant 20 D. expected

mean to do sth 表示“打算做”; like “喜欢”;wish “愿意”;expect “期待”。 31. Shopping-centres provide us with a large_____ of goods to choose from. A. type a variety of“多做多样的”; type “类型”;range “范围”;sort “种类”。 32. Coffee is said to have_____ effects. A. promoting B. stimulating C. encouraging D. enhancing B. range C. variety D. sort

stimulating “刺激的,振奋的”;promoting “推销的”;encouraging “鼓励的”;enhancing “提升的,强化的”。 33. The police officers here do not usually_____ guns. A. bring B. carry C. take D. hold

carry “携带”,在这里相当于 wear; bring “带来,拿来”;take “拿走,带走”;hold (尤指用手)拿住,握住。 34. If you want to get the driver?s_______ you should take some courses first in the traffic school. A. license B. certificate C. passport D. permission

license “许可证,护照”;certificate “证书”;passport “护照”;permission “许可”。 35. John was asked to_____ the man who stole his wallet. A. recognize B. claim C. confirm D. identify

identify “辨认”;recognize “认出”;claim “认领”;confirm “确认/证实(一个事实),批准,认可”。 36. When will the new driving laws come into________? A. use B. effect C. service D. existence

come into effect“开始生效”;come into use“开始使用”;come into service“投入服务/使用”;come into existence“存 在”。 37. Model as a career_____ to many young girls because of the fascinating T-stage. A. attracts B. appeals C. calls D. pulls

appeal to“投合(某人)心意或兴趣”;attract“吸引”,系及物动词,后不能接 to。 38. The environmentalists said wild tiger?s______ on the Thai mountain was a good indication of the better environment. A. escape B. absence C. attendance D. appearance

appearance “出现”;escape “逃脱”;absence “缺席”;attendance “出席”。 39.I hope they will finish the project in time, but they themselves are very_____ that it will. A. certain B. confident C. doubtful D. suspicious

doubtful about/of/that...“对……疑惑的,不肯定的”;be confident“有信心的”;be certain of/about/ that“对……确定 的”; be suspicious of/that“对有怀疑,有疑心的”。 21

40. The result of the election has not been__________. A. announced B. declared C. claimed D. maintained

announce “宣布”,指首次宣布人们所关心的事情,有预告的意思;declare “宣告”,指正式就某事公开地做明确 直率的说明;claim “声称”或“认领”;maintain “保持,维持,继续”。 41. Honesty is the most important______ a man can have. A. habit B. manners C. quality D. effect

quality “品质,特性”;habit “习惯”;manner “礼貌”;effect “效果”。 42. Although the working mother is very busy, she still_____ a lot of time to her children. A. devotes B. spends C. offers D. provides

devote 表示“将精力、能力用于某事,或专注于某一目标”,如 She devoted all her life to the scientific research. spend“花(时间)在……上” 时,宾语后接 on 或 in; offer 意为“给予,主动提出”,offer sth to sb 表示“把某物给某人”; provide 意为“提供, 供给”, 多指免费提供生活必需品和必要的条件设施。 常用搭配为: provide sb with sth, provide sth for sb 43. After three months, these young students finally became used to the ______ of life in a big city abroad. A. speed B. pace C. rate D. frequency

pace “节奏”;speed “速度”;rate “比率”;frequency “频率”。 44. When I opened the door, a parcel on the floor_____ my eye. A. met B. caught C. drew D. attracted

catch one's eyes 为固定搭配,表示“吸引,引起注意,喜爱”。 45. After the president made an official announcement, she expressed her_____ opinion. A. personal B. private C. single D. individual

personal “个人的”;private “私人的,不公开的”;single “单一的,单一的,唯一的”;individual “个别的,各自 的”。 46. The new method he suggested sounded good in _______, but is not practical in use. A. opinion B. policy C. theory D. principle

theory “理论”; opinion “意见”;policy “政策”;principle “原则”。 47. When you are going upstairs, please_____ your head. A. attend B. notice C. mind D. observe

mind “留心,介意”;attend “参加,出席”;notice “注意到”;observe “观察”。 48. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are out of________. A. work B. reach C. stock D. practice

out of stock“缺货”;out of work“失业”;out of reach“够不到”;out of practice“荒疏,久不练习”。 49. In Shanghai, people______ thousand tons of watermelon every summer. 22

A. swallow

B. eat

C. consume

D. exhaust

consume “消耗,消费”;swallow “吞咽”;eat “吃”;exhaust “筋疲力尽”。 50. Some of the traditional industries have lost their_____ with the rise of the new ones. A. energy B. strength C. vigour D. power

vigour “活力”;energy “能量”; strength “力气”;power “权力,力量”。 51.Lawyers often make higher _____ for their work than they should. A. bills B. charges C. prices D. costs

make charges for 对......收 (费) ; 索 (价); charge 也可以用作动词, 表示"收费, 索价", 如:1) We don't charge anything for that. (对此我们不收费。) 2) How much do you charge for a haircut? (理个发要收多少钱?) 52. It takes a lot of______ to become a good swimmer. A. train B. exercise C. practice D. performance

practice“练习”;train“火车”,作动词有“训练”之意;exercise“锻炼”;performance“表演,表现”。 53. Alice laid her baby on the sofa_____ and wrapped it with a blanket. A. silently B. tenderly C. friendly D. comfortably

tenderly“深情地,温情地”;silently“静静地”;friendly“友好的”,系形容词;comfortably“舒服地”。 54. Several cars are available within this price________. A. area B. filed C. land D. range

range“范围”;area“区域”;field“领域”;land“土地”。 55. Every classroom in this modern school is_______ with a new computer. A. equipped B. replaced C. fixed D. place

equip“装备,配备”;replace“替代”;fix“固定,修”;place“安置,放置”。 56. Our bodies are strengthened by taking exercise, ______ our minds developed by learning. A. probably B. likely C. similarly D. generally

similarly“相似地,同样地”;probably“可能地”;likely“很可能地”;generally“一般地”。 57. She bought the painting at a much higher______ than its real_______. A. value, price B. price, value C. value, value D. price, price

price“价格,代价”,指为获取某物所需付出的代价或作出的牺牲;value“价值,重要性”,主要指人或事物本身 所具有的价格及重要性。 58. He holds an important position in the company;_______, I don?t quite trust him. A. thus B. furthermore C. otherwise D. nevertheless

nevertheless“然而”;thus“因此,这样”;furthermore“此外,而且”;otherwise“否则”。 59. There?re more Olympic______ winners per head of population in Australia than in other countries. 23

A. metal

B. model

C. medal

D. modal

medal“奖牌”;metal“金属”;model“模型,模特,模范”;modal“情态的”。 60. Thanks to the modern electrical_____, housework nowadays has been made easier and easier. A. facilities B. instruments C. appliances D. tools

appliance“器具,用具”,这里表示“电器”;facilities“设备”;instrument“仪器”;tool“工具”。

24


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