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(蓝海莲新)2014广东高考英语完形填空技巧突破


2014广东高考英语完形填空备考

河源中学

蓝海莲

为什么我们在这一题型上总是失分 较多?
1.没有严格遵循答题步骤: 多数同学考试时担心时间紧,在没有弄清短 文的中心和文章的情节线索的情况下匆忙答题.事 实上我们用在这一题上的时间可以达到10分钟. 切记:一定要用2-3分钟时间进行缺词阅读,弄清 文章

大意和基本脉络后再着手逐个填空. 2. 不注意积累答题技巧: a. 忽略文章中上下文之间的照应关系; b. 遇到长句不注意分析句子结构,在语义模糊 时抱碰运气的心理随意作出选择.

完形填空的解题总则
把握整体 具体分析

跳过空格,通读全文, 把握大意

结合选项,综合考虑上下文,初定答案
瞻前顾后,先易后难, 个个击破 再读全文,反复检查

完形填空解题技巧

1、同词复现、同义复现线索(显性关联) 例子:It needn't to be valuable or 8.______, just typical of your homeland. (2014广一模) A.colorful B rare C heavy D nice rare与 valuable 是同义复现

2、 话题线索、语义场线索(隐性关联) 例1) They are such important occasions, gifts for bar mitzvahs tend to be more 5______ , for example, a gold-plated pen .(2014广一模) A. modest B cheerful C normal D formal

例2)If you wish to give a gift to American friends,choose something that is unique to your country. It needn't to be valuable or rare, just typical of your homeland. Possibilities include a book about your country, an inexpensive souvenir or something else that reflects your ______. 2014广一模) A.character C culture B interest D progress

3、 上下义词(隐性关联) vegetable: eggplant, potato, cabaggage... organ: face, head, mouth, chest, tooth, cheek, arm... 例1):_______ include a book about your country, an inexpensive souvenir or something else that reflects your culture. (2014广一模 ) A.Opportunities B Expectations C Inventions D Possibilities

例2):If staying with an American family ,a good way of expressing your thanks is to take them to a form of _____ , such as a basketball game or a concert.(2014广一 模) A. education B discussion C exercise D entertainment 例3):A scarf or a hat is ok, but other types of 15.______ are not. Something appropriate for the office is best. (2014 广一模 ) A. clothing B perfume C jewelry D equipment

4. 因果线索: because,due to, thanks to, therefore,so , therefore, hence.... 例子:When you buy a registered item, tell the store that you are doing this, so the couple doesn't receive the 3______ gifts twice.(2014广一模 ) A.first B best C same D similar

5、转折线索: but, however, on the contrary, instead... Items that are 12.____ in your country but difficult to find abroad. are also good. (2014广一模 ) A. limited B banned C common D priceless

6. 强调线索 ( in fact, particularly, especially, undoubtedly, certainly. 例子:When giving gifts to a business acquaintance, don't give anything too personal, 14._____ to a woman.(2014广 一模 ) A. directly B especially C merely D deliberately

7、用途线索: for the purpose of.., for... 例子) For a baby shower, bring a gift 4_____ for a newborn baby.(2014广一模 ) A. general B suitable C demanding D expensive

8. 固定搭配线索 A major French newspaper ___21___ his brother for him and…which would be awarded to people who made great ___29___ to the causes of peace… (2009 年广东高考) 21. A. found B. misunderstood C. mistook D. judged 29. A. additions B. sacrifices C. changes D. contributions

9. 根据时间关系线索 Now, after studying English at university for three years, I _44__ that monolingual(只用一种语 言的) dictionaries are better in learning a foreign language.(2010辽宁高考) A.imagine B .recommend C .predict D .Understand

10. 根据反义词线索断 You have to push the door with the word “PUSH” to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word “PULL” to 24 the building. (2010广东 高考) A.enter B .leave C .open D .close

11 根据常识或常理线索 It had been a year since Susan became blind. As the result of an accident, she was suddenly thrown into a world of 32 . (2010湖北 高考) A.weakness B . sickness C .darkness D .sadness

12 让步线索: though, although,in spite of, still Though I had a lot of working experience and a Master’s degree, I could not find ________work. (2012 广东高考) A. hard B. satisfying C. interesting D. legal

13. 跳出汉语式的翻译做题,多从英语的表达 习惯选择答案。 如:Young children who like collecting probably very ___________with a set of your country’s coins or stamps. (2014 广一模 ) A. annoyed B. impressed C. amused D.puzzled

14. 顺承线索 :in addition, furthermore, besides, 15. 关注常用词一词多义 如: bank, bed, fly, change, express, content 等。

四、冲刺阶段的几项建议: 1. 多听老师的,少自作主张 2. 多接触英语,少钻研语法 3.多攻词汇表,少记课外词 4. 多做一般题,少钻研难题 5. 多背好用法,少问为什么


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