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顺序选修 6 导与学









导与学-----练与测
(配外研社)顺序选修 6 编者 安月生

出版说明
按《普通高中课程标准》编写的新课程教材使用三年来,与之 相配的各种教辅资料也应运而产生, 其中大部分教辅对课文的分析和

对知识点的解释是详细、全面而认真的,但其编排版式和练习的针对 性还不尽如人意,特别是练习量小、练习的针对性不强等还满足不了 一线教师的要求,离广大一线教师的要求有一定的差距,因此, 《导 与学------练与测》 系列丛书的编委们组织了一线的部分精干教师吸纳 了已有教辅中的精华,结合了自己的教学实践,把他们使用了三年的 教案、学案和课后练习组编成册,供广大师生参考使用。 其主要特色是:按课时编写、练习的针对性强。 其主要目标是:一本在手,应有尽有。 坚持的原则是:基础性,实用性和创新性。

目录
Module 1
Section 1 词语荟萃…………………………………………………………………….. Section 2 课文学习……………………………………………………………………. Section 3 文化广角………………………………………………………………….. Section 4 功能提高…………………………………………………………………..
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Section 5 模块小结…………………………………………………………………… Section 6 模块检测…………………………………………………………………..

Module 2
Section 1 词语荟萃…………………………………………………………………….. Section 2 课文学习……………………………………………………………………. Section 3 文化广角………………………………………………………………….. Section 4 功能提高………………………………………………………………….. Section 5 模块小结…………………………………………………………………… Section 6 模块检测…………………………………………………………………..

Module 3
Section 1 词语荟萃…………………………………………………………………….. Section 2 课文学习……………………………………………………………………. Section 3 文化广角………………………………………………………………….. Section 4 功能提高………………………………………………………………….. Section 5 模块小结…………………………………………………………………… Section 6 模块检测………………………………………………………………….. 中册检测试题……………………………………………………………………………

Module 4
Section 1 词语荟萃…………………………………………………………………….. Section 2 课文学习……………………………………………………………………. Section 3 文化广角………………………………………………………………….. Section 4 功能提高………………………………………………………………….. Section 5 模块小结…………………………………………………………………… Section 6 模块检测…………………………………………………………………..

Module 5
Section 1 词语荟萃…………………………………………………………………….. Section 2 课文学习……………………………………………………………………. Section 3 文化广角………………………………………………………………….. Section 4 功能提高………………………………………………………………….. Section 5 模块小结…………………………………………………………………… Section 6 模块检测…………………………………………………………………..

Module 6
Section 1 词语荟萃…………………………………………………………………….. Section 2 课文学习…………………………………………………………………….

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Section 3 文化广角………………………………………………………………….. Section 4 功能提高………………………………………………………………….. Section 5 模块小结…………………………………………………………………… Section 6 模块检测………………………………………………………………….. 全册检测试题……………………………………………………………………………. 第一册全册习惯用语和固定搭配…………………………………………………….. 参考答案………………………………………………………………………………….

Small Section 1 词语荟萃
导与学
1· damage

Module

Talk

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(1)v. 饥损害,损坏,使不受损失 The earthquake damaged several buildings. 地震使一些建筑受到了破坏. (2)n.损害,毁坏,破坏,伤害,杀伤,事故,故障,损失,费用,代价。赔款;赔偿费 An earthquake sometimes causes great damage. 地震有时造成重大损失。 What are the damages for the wash job of my car? 清洗我的车要多少钱? 辨析:damage, destroy 与 ruin 三个词都含有“破坏” 、 “毁坏”的意思。damage 指价值用途降低或外表损坏等,不一定全 部破坏,损坏了还可以修复。 The heavy rain damaged many houses. 大雨毁坏了许多房子。 destroy 指“彻底毁坏以致于不能或很难修复” 。 The town was destroyed in a big fire. 那个城镇在一场大火中被毁了。 ruin 现在多用于借喻中,泛指一般的“毁坏” 。 He knocked over a bottle of ink and ruined the table cloth. 他打翻了一瓶墨水把桌布弄脏了。 2.avoid vt.避开,躲开;预防;防止发生。如: I think he?s avoiding seeing me. 我想他在躲着我。

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Try to avoid accidents. 尽力避免发生车祸。 【知识拓展】 avoid sb./sth. like the plague 极力回避,尽量躲开某人、某物。如: He?s been avoiding me like the plague since our quarrel. 自从我们吵架之后,他避我如瘟疫。 【构词】 . avoidable adj.可避免的 3.prepare vi.& vt.准备;预备。如: I had no time to prepare. 我已来不及做准备了。 【习语】 be prepared for sth.对某事做好准备 be prepared to do sth.能够并愿意做某事 prepare sb.for sth.使某人对某事物有所准备 She was prepared for anything to happen. 她已准备好应付一切。 I?m prepared to lend you the money if you promise to pay it back. 我愿意把钱借给你,你得答应还给我。 Prepare yourself for a nasty shock! 有件令人十分震惊的事,你要有所准备。 【构词】 preparation,准备;预备。如: make preparations 做准备 4.think of sth./doing sth.考虑到某事物。如: There are so many things to think of before we decide. 我们要考虑到许多方面然后才能做决定。 【习语】 think sth.out 仔细考虑某事物或想出(主意等) think sth.over 慎重考虑某事物 think sth.through 全面地考虑(问题等) think sth.up 想出,发明出或设计出某事物 5.impress (1)vt.给予某人深刻印象;使某人钦佩而起敬。如:

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The sights of the city never fail to impress foreign tourists. 外国游客无一不对该市留有深刻印象。 【知识拓展】 impress sth.on/upon sb.使某人铭记某事物,使某人深深意 识到某事物。如: His words impressed themselves on my memory. 他的话铭刻在我的记忆里。 (2)n.压痕;印记 【构词】 impression n.印象;感想 His first speech as president made a strong impression on his audience. 他当会长后的第一次演讲给听众们留下了深刻的印象。 impressive,adj.印象深刻的;给人深刻印象的;令人难忘的;令人感动的 6.serious (1)adj. ①严肃的,庄重的,不苟言笑的 The teacher gave me a serious look. 老师严肃地看了我一眼。 This is a serious political story,not an entertainment. 这是一个严肃的政治故事,不是供消遣的。 ②认真的,不开玩笑的 ③重要的,重大的,严重的 There were more than ten serious casualties in the Monday plane crash. 有十多人在星期一飞机失事事故中受重伤。 ④需慎重考虑的,需精湛技艺的 He is an serious artist. 他是一位技艺精湛的艺术家。 (2)n 重要.严肃,严肃的事 【拓展】 take? for serious 当真 Don’t take it for serious. 别把此事当真。 seriously adv.认真地。真诚地,严肃地 seriousness".严肃,认真

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7.1ack (1)n.缺乏;需要 The flowers died for lack of water. 因为缺水,花死了。 (2)v.缺乏,不足;没有 He’s good at his job but lacks courage. 他工作做的很好但缺乏勇气。 The teacher said that the child was lacking in confidence. 老师说这个孩子缺乏自信。 These photographs lack definition.You’d better have them taken again. 这些照片不够清晰,你最好得重拍。 8. advance (1)V.前进;推进;促进;发展;进展 Our soldiers advanced bravely against the enemy. 我们的士兵勇敢地向敌人挺进。 The work isn’t advancing. 工作没有进展。 (2)adj.前面的。预先的 advance information 预告,超前信息 (3)n.前进,进展 His advance was slow.他的前进速度缓慢。 【拓展】 in advance 预先 YOU must pay for the book in advance. 你必须预先付书的钱。 advanced 高级的;先进的,进步的 H is father is an advanced worker. 他父亲是一位先进工作者。 She is interested in advanced maths. 她对高等数学感兴趣。 9.look away from 把目光从……移开。如: The boy is attracted by a toy bear and he can?t look away from it. 男孩被玩具熊吸引住了,眼睛紧盯着它。 10.find out 查清楚;弄明白。如:

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Can you find out what time the train leaves? 你能查出火车什么时候开吗? 【知识拓展】 find sb.out 发现某人做错事或说谎等。如: He had been cheating the taxman but it was years before he was found out. 他一直欺骗税务局,但多年之后才被查出。 11.be nervous about/of 对……神经紧张/害怕/胆怯/焦虑不安。如: People are nervous about the coming earthquake. 人们对于即将到来的地震感到焦虑不安。 I am nervous of being in large crowds. 我在大庭广众之下感到胆怯。 12.form (1)v.形成;组成;建立;创办;养成 It is not easy to form good habits. 养成好习惯并不容易。 (2)n.形成;形状;轮廓;表格 It is only a matter of form. 这只是形式上的问题而已。 Fill in the form before you hand it in. 表格填完再交。 【拓展】 form in line 站好队 Let’s form in line.咱们站好队。 form up 排好队伍 After the meeting we formed up outside the hall. 会议结束后,我们在会场外面排队集合。 13.reply (1)v. ①(常与 to 连用)对??作出反应,对??作出回答 Have you replied to his question? 你回答他的问题了吗? ② 回答,答复 I wrote,but she didn’t reply. 我写了信,但她没有回信。

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(2)n.回答,回复 Is it a reply to the first or the second letter? 这是给第一封或是第二封的回信吗? 【辨析】answer 与 reply answer 与 reply 都有“回答”的意思,有时间可以通用。 I asked him several questions,but he never answered (replied). 我问了他几个问题,但他根本不回答。 answer 与 reply 的主要区别是: reply 比 answer 正式,一般指经过思考的, 有针对性地, 详细地回答。 He sent in the application and the college replied immediately. 他递交了申请书,学院很快就答复了。 answer 含有“令人满意地回答”的意味。reply 没有这个意思。 She replied but didn’t answer my question. 她回答了.但没有答复我的问题。 answer 和 reply 都可作及物动词,但 reply 不能直接带名词或代词作宾语,此时要加 to;如果与直接引语或从句连用时,不必带 to。 I haven’t replied to his letter yet. 我还没有给他回信。 He replied that he knew nothing about it. 他回答说,他一点也不知道。 “I don’t know, ”he replied. “我不知道” 。他回答说。 14.purpose (1)n.目的,意图;效果,结果。意义 They might suit my purpose. 它们可能符合我的目的。 Many girls come to Beijing for that purpose. 许多女孩为了那个目的来到北京。 (2)v.决意做,打算做 I purpose coming next week. 我打算下周来。 【拓展】 on purpose 故意地 to the purpose 中肯地,得要领的 for practical purposes 实际上

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answer/serve the purpose 管用 for(with)the purpose of?为了??的目的 purposeful adj.有目的的 purposeless adj.无目的,无意义的 15.imagine v. (1)想像 Imagine you’ve been shipwrecked. 想像你遭遇到了船舶失事。 (2)以为;假想 I imagine him as a big tall man. 我以为他是一个高大的人。 Don’t imagine yourself to be always correct. 不要以为自己总是对。 【拓展】 (1)imagine+从句 l can’t imagine what has happened. 我想像不到发生了什么事。 (2)imagine doing sth. Try to imagine being on the moon! 试想在月球上面的情景吧! (3)imagine sb.(one’s)doing sth. Can you imagine me(my)being so stupid? 你能想像我如此愚蠢吗? 16.apologize v.道歉 I apologized to her for stepping on her foot. 我因踩了她的脚而向她道歉。 l apologized to the chairman for being late. 我因迟到向会议主席道歉。 There is nothing to worry about,I apologize. 没什么可着急的。我道歉。 【拓展】 apologize to sb.向某人道歉 apologize to sb.for sth.向某人为某事道歉 apologize to sb.for doing sth.向某人为某事(为做了

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某事)道歉 apologize for oneself 为自己辩解或辩护 apology n.道歉 make an apology 道歉

练与测
一、 .单词拼写 1.The Allied troops are a ______ on the camp of the enemy. 2.I’11 have another o _____ to visit the exhibition next year。 3.We are under an o ______ to help. 4.The unemployed engineer wrote a dozen a _______ for jobs but got nothing. 5.Will you do me a f ______ and phone for me? 6.Act c _____ in a job interview and you will have a better chance. 7. It’s good manners to keep eyes c______ while listening to others. 8. The teacher n _____ his head with a smile to show his satisfaction. 9.The famous star paid an i ______ visit to China last week. 10.She ______ (幻想)herself to be a true artist. 11.He went to town with the ______(目的)of buying a new television. 12.Maybe under these ______(情况)we may say that man can conquer nature. 13.I _______(道歉)to her for stepping on her foot. 14.I ______ (回答)that I was unable to help them. 15. We Chinese don’t have enough ______ (机会)to speak English. 16. It’s easy for me to _______ (认出)him from the crowd, for he is taller than others. 二、短语翻译 1.交朋友,建立友谊 ________________________________________________________ 2.对??神经紧张/害怕/焦虑不安 ________________________________________

3.想起,回忆起 ____________________________________________________________ 4.身体语言,肢体语言 ______________________________________________________ 5.把目光从??移开 ________________________________________________________ 6.除此之外,另外 __________________________________________________________ 7.了解(到),找出(信息) ____________________________________________________ 8.遗漏,漏掉 ______________________________________________________________ 9.因为某事向某人道歉 ______________________________________________________ 10.缺少,缺乏 _____________________________________________________________

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三、单项填空 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1.Talk to a man ______ himself, and he will speak to you _______ hours. A.for;in. C.for;about B.about;in D.about;for

2.Good social skills are easy for us to _______ . A.be learnt, C.1earn B. learning D.having learnt

3.Be quiet,please.If you ______ me, I’ll tell you about the party. A. will listen to B. listen to

C. would like to hear D. have listened to 4. Though _____ money, his parents managed to send him to university. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in

5. When I said some students are lazy, I _______ to you. A. don’t refer B. wasn’t referring C. hasn’t referred D. didn’t refer

6.I cannot thank you ______ for your kindness,because without your help, I cannot have succeeded in the exam. A.much too C.so much B.too much D.quite much

7.Every day should be made full use ______ for the coming sports meet. A.of to prepare C.to preparing B.of preparing D.to prepare

8.There _______ to be a boxing-game on TV every Sunday morning. A.expecting B.expected C.will expect D.is expected 9.These ideas will _______ you a better listener. A.change B.take C.make D.turn

10.She is indeed too fat but _______ that she is an excellent dancer. A.in addition C.owing to B.as well as D.in spite of

11.At last they got the letter they _______ . A.have expected C.are expecting B.were expecting .

D.had been expecting

12.I'm busy ______ for the entrance examination,so I can’t help ______ housework at home.

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A.preparing;doing C.to prepare;doing

B. preparing;to do D.to prepare;to do

13. There must be _______ with the machine. A.something wrong serious B.something serious wrong C.something seriously wrong D.something wrong seriously 14. 一—What made them stop the project? 一一 _______ of the money. A.Less B.NO C.Lack D.Need

15.Please _______ my letter as soon as you get it. A.reply C.answer B.answer to D.return

16.—— _________ did he tell me his telephone number? --— I have no idea. A. For what purpose B.For which purpose

C.For the purpose of D.On purpose 四、翻译句子 1.如果缺少与人交谈的自信心,你不会交很多朋友的。

2.你必须准时参加聚会。另外,记住带些鲜花作为礼物送给主人。

3.我们正在为即将到来的英语考试做准备,但我认为做大量的作业并不是个好办法。

4.夫妇俩为他们的安全而焦虑不安,但他们认为帮助很快就会来到。

5.老师要求我们上课前准备好一定数量的画笔。

6.闲聊之前我们最好做点计划。

五、阅读下列短文,并选用所给词或短语的正确形式填空 sign,smile,way, drawing,sad,also, shake,nod, notice,carry, without, all the time People communicate with words.But do you think you can communicate 1

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words? A

2 on your face shows you are happy or friendly.Tears in your 3 . You 4 your head, and people know

eyes tell others that you are you are saying‘ ‘no''.You things can also

5 and people know you are saying‘ ‘yes” .Other 7 at the bus stop helps

6 messages. For example,a

you to know which bus to take.A sign on the door tells you where to go in or out. Have you ever 8 that there are a lot of signs around you and that you get 9 ? 10 .An artist can use his 11

messages from them

People can communicate in many other

to tell about beautiful mountains,about the blue sea and many other things. Books are written to tell about things in the world and their ideas. 12 about people and

每日一读(一)
一、完形填空 Some people do not like anything to be out of order. They are 1 late for work. They__2__

the books to the library on time.They remember people?s birthdays,and they pay the bill the moment they 3 .Mr. Dodds is 4 a man. his own.The only family is in the next town:his doesn?t see his sister, or 8

Mr. Dodds works in a bank,and lives 5

sister lives there with her 6 , and her son 7 Mark. Mr. Dodds

family,from One year to the next.He sends them Christmas cards,and he has not forgotten one of 9 seventeen birthdays.

Last week Mr. Dodds had quite an incident.He drove home from his office at the 10 time, 11 neither too slowly 12 too fast.He parked his car where he 13

parked it, out of the other cars, and he went 14

to make his evening meal. Straight away, there 17 On the doorsteps.

was a 15 at the door. Mr. Dodds 16 the door,to find a policeman ?'What have I done

18 ?'?Mr. Dodds asked himself.”Have 19 on the wrong side of the

road? Has there been some trouble at the bank? Have I forgotten to pay an important bill??? “Hello! 20 ,”said the policeman.“My name is Mark.? 1.A.often 2.A.borrow 3.A.go 4.A.so 5.A.in 6.A.husband 7.A.naming B.usually B.return B.come B.rather B.on B.wife B.be named C.quite C.1end C.arrive C.such C.for C.uncle C.named D.never D.keep D.1eave D.quite D.at D.aunt D.who name

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8.A.his 9.A.Mark?s 10.A.wrong

B.its B.Mr. Dodd?s B.next

C.her C.his sister?s C.1ast C.speaking C.no C.never C.inside C.noise C.repaired C.stood C.right C.walked C.Aunt

D.these D.the girl?s D.usual D.parking D.or D.seldom D.through D.shout D.answered D.stands D.bad D.driven D.Sister

11.A.working B.driving 12.A.not 13.A.always B.nor B.sometimes

14.A.outside B.down 15.A.voice 16.A.shut B.knock B.watched

17.A.standing B.be standing 18.A.wrong 19.A.stood B.well B.stayed

20.A.Brother B.Uncle 二、阅读理解

A

Except for the sun,the moon looks the biggest object in the sky.Actually it is one of the smallest,and only looks big because it is so near to us.Its diameter is only 2,160 miles(3,389 km),or a little more than a quarter of the diameter of the earth. Once a month,or,more exactly,once every 29.5 days,at the time we call “full moon”, its whole disc looks bright.At other times only part of it appears bright,and we always find that this is the part which faces towards the sun, while the part facing away from the sun appears dark. People could make their pictures better if they kept this in mind only those parts of the moon which are lighted up by the sun are brighter. This shows that the moon gives no light of its own. It only throws back the light of the sun, like a huge mirror hung in the sky. Yet the dark part of the moon?s surface is not completely black;usually it is just light enough for us to be able to see its shape,so that we speak of seeing “the old moon in the new moon?s arms”.The light by which we see the old moon does not come from the sun,but from the earth. We know well how the surface of the sea or of snow, or even of a wet road, may throw back uncomfortably much of the sun?s light on to our faces.In the same way the surface of the whole earth throws back enough of the sun?s light on to the face of the moon for US to be back to see the parts of it which would otherwise be dark. 1.Why is the dark part of the moon not completely black? A.The earth throws back sunlight on to the moon. B.The sun shines on the moon?s surface. C.The moon throws back the light from the sun.

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D.The moon has light of its own. 2.How often do we see the moon as its brightest? A.Once every week. B.Once every year.

C.Once every 29.5 days.D.Once every 27 days. 3· What is meant by “seeing the old moon in the new moon’s arms”? A· We can see the dark parts of the moon,though not clearly. B.The new moon is at its brightest. C· The dark parts of the moon are bright enough for us to see. D.Part of the moon?s surface is lighted by the sun. 4.Which of the following is TRUE? A· The moon which appears round at its brightest is called full moo n. B· The moon?s diameter is exactly one fourth of that of the earth. C.The light by which we see the old moon comes from the sun. D· The part of the moon which is not lighted by the sun is completely dark.

B
My parents were in a huge argument,and 1 was really upset about it.I didn?t know who I should talk with about how 1 was feeling.So I asked Mom to allow me to stay the night at my best friend's house.Though I knew 1 wouldn?t tell her about my parents? situation· I was 1ooking forward to getting out of the house.1 was in the middle of packing up my things when suddenly the power went out in the neighborhood.Morn came to tell me that I should stay with my grandpa until the power came back on. I was really disappointed because I felt that we did not have much to talk about· But I knew he would be frightened alone in the dark.1 went to his room and told him that I?d stay with him until the power was restored.He was quite happy and said.??Great opportunity·?, “What for?” I asked. “To talk,you and l,"he said.??To hold a private little meeting about what we?re going to do with your mom and dad,and what we?re going to do with、ourselves now that we?re in the situation we are in.” “But we can?t do anything about it.Grandpa,”I said, surprised that here was someone with whom I could share my feelings and someone who was in the same “boat” as I was· And that?s how the most unbelievable friendship between my grandfather and me started. Sitting there in the dark, we talked about our feelings and fears of life from how fast things change, to how they sometimes don?t change fast enough. That night, because the power went out, I found a new friend,with whom I could safely talk about all my fears and pains,whatever they

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may be. Suddenly,the lights all came back on.??Well, ,he said, ??I guess that means you?ll have to go now.I really like our tall I hope the power will go out every few nights!” 5.1 wished to get out of the house because——. A.1 was angry about my parents? quarrel B.I found nobody to share my feelings with C.1 wanted to escape from the dark house D.I planned to tell my friend about my trouble 6.Grandpa was happy to see me because————————· A.he could discuss the problem with me B-he had not seen me for a long time C.he was afraid of darkness D.he felt quite lonely 7.What can be inferred from the passage? A.The grandchild was eager to leave. C.The lights would go out again. 8.What does the same “boat” mean? A.The difficult situation they were in. C.The relation among the family. B.The house they lived in· D.There was no power· B.They would have more chats· D. It would no longer be dark·

Section 2 课文学习
导与学
1.Don’t shout at the children.不要对孩子大声叫嚷。 shout at 对??大声叫嚷 It’s not polite to shout at others.对别人大声嚷嚷是不礼貌的。 辨析 shout at,shout to,shout for shout at 生气地对着某人大声叫嚷。 shout to 作“向某人叫喊”解, 旨在让对方听见而大声叫喊, 无敌意。 shout for 含有“大 声召唤,呼救”的意思。 She shouted to me and warned me of the danger. 他向我大声叫喊,要我当心危险。 She shouted for help.她大声呼救。 2.Make sure you prepare for your English examination.确保自己为英语考试做好准 备。 1)make sure/certain of 确保,确定 The train seems to leave at 5,but you’d better make certain. 这班火车好像是 5 点开,你最好确认一下。

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You’d better make sure of the time and place before you write. 你最好把时间和地点弄确实,然后再写。 While making an experiment,make sure not to leave the lab. 做实验时一定不要离开实验室。 Can you make sure that you will succeed? 你确信会成功吗? 2)prepare for 为??做准备,把??准备好 短语是动介短语,指主语在为某事做事前的准备工作,也可分开使用。prepare 后接表 示人的宾语,指“使/指导某人做准备”。 The students are preparing for the final exam. 学生们在为期末考试做准备。 The teacher is preparing the students for an examination. 老师正在指导学生准备考试。 3.Have you ever crossed the road to avoid talking to someone you recognize? 你是否做过这样的事情:看见你认识的人以后,故意过马路以避免和其谈话? 辨析:avoid 和 escape avoid 指设法避开不愿见的人或事,也指躲避危险 To avoid confusion,the two teams wore different colors. 为避免混淆,两队分穿不同颜色的衣服。 escape 强调摆脱限制和束缚,暗示安然逃脱,不受损伤或影响。 Two of the prisoners have escaped.有两个囚犯逃走了. Gas escaped from the pipe.煤气从管中漏出。 4.Do you want to make more friends but lack the confidence to talk to people you don’t know? 你愿意交更多的朋友却缺乏同陌生人交流的自信吗? 1)lack n.缺乏,短缺的东西(常和 of 连用)。 The lack of rain aggravated the serious lack of food. 由于干旱少雨,缺粮问题更加严重。

vt.&vi.缺乏,没有,需要
He lacks courage.他缺乏勇气。 be lacking in 缺乏(品质,特点等) Is she lacking in courage?她缺乏勇气吗? 2)confidence n.[u]信心,把握,自信 She is a good student but she lacks confidence.

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她是个好学生,但是缺乏自信。 [u]信任,信赖 The government failed to win public confidence in its plan for economic recovery. 政府未能赢得公众对其经济复兴计划的信任。 5.It helps if you do a little advance planning. 如果提前一点制定计划的话,会对交流有帮助。 a little 1)作定语,后接不可数名词 I know a little English.I think people can understand me. 我懂点英语,我想人们会听懂我说的话。 2)作状语,修饰形容词,副词或动词,也可以修饰比较级。 You slept a little,didn’t you?你睡了一会儿,是吗? I’m a little afraid to go out alone at night. 晚上我一个人出去有点儿害怕。 3)作宾语,主语等。 He understood a little of your speech. 4)not a little 意为“非常,很” ,而 not a bit 意为“一点儿也不” I’m not a little afraid of it.我非常害怕它。 I’m not a bit afraid of snakes.我一点也不怕蛇。 He didn’t spend a bit On books.他一点也没花钱买书。 advance 1)adj.预先的,在前的,事前的 an advance copy of a new book 新书样本 an advance payment 预付款 an advance party 先头部队 2)n.事前,在前,预先 in advance(of) It’s unwise to spend your income in advance. 把你的收入预先花掉是不智之举。 Galileo’s ideas were(well)in advance of the age in which he lived. 伽利略的思想大为超越了他生活的时代。 3)vi.&vt.向前走,前进,推进 The soldiers advanced on the enemy.士兵们向敌人逼近。 6.Think of things to tell people about your studies. 与别人交流你的学习情况。 I had thought of/about visiting him,but I was too busy then.

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我原打算去拜访他,但当时我太忙了。 think about 还可接宾语从句。 Do you think about whether anyone would be hurt by your action. 你是否考虑过你的行为会伤害别人? think of 还有“想出”之意 Who thought of such a wonderful idea? 谁想出这么绝妙的主意? 7.In addition,you need to know how long you should stay,and when you have to leave. 另外你需要知道该呆多久,还有该在何时离开。 in addition 另外,此外该短语意同 besides,what’s more 该短语为副词性短语,作状语,可放在句首,句中,句末。在句中句末,一般用逗号逗 开。 You need money and time.In addition,you need diligence. 你须要钱和时间,此外你还需要努力。 She gave us sandwiches for picnic and a bag of cookies in addition. 她给我们几块三明治作野餐用,还给了我们一包面包。 in addition to 除??之外 该短语意同 besides,apart from,aside from 该短语为复合介词,后接名词或动名诃作状语,其宾语是整体的一部分。 In addition to English,I have to study a second foreign language. 除了英语之外,我还得再学一门外语。 8.Some hosts expect flowers or a small gift,??expect 一些主人喜欢鲜花和礼物,??

vt.期待,预期,盼望。表示估计,预计,客观的等待。好事坏事都可能。
expect to do sth.期待做某事 I expected to take a vacation in May. 我期待在五月休假。 expect sb.to do sth.期待某人做某事 You can’t expect him to do such a、thing. 你甭想指望他做干那种事。 expect+宾语从句 We expect that you would stay here. 我们期待你留下来。

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expect sb.+adv./?? we were expecting you back much earlier. 我们期望着你们早点回来。 辨析 expect 和 wait expect 主要指心理状态,多与进行时连用,后接名词,代词,不定式,复合结构或从 句。 They are busy with preparations,expecting the foreign guests. 他们忙于准备,等待外宾的到来。 We’re expecting rain soon.我们预料不久就会下雨。 wait 指一种行为,特别指别的事情都不做“等待” 。后接名词,代词或复合结构。 Seated in the classroom,the children are waiting for the teacher. 孩子们坐在座位上等待老师。 I’m still waiting for you to pay back my money. 我还在等你还我的钱。

练与测
一、单词拼写 1.we regret to inform you that your _______ (申请)for the entry of our university is refused. 2.The Chinese ________ (使馆)in Iraq helped rescue the fishermen arrested in the sea by the police. 3.In the interview,I was asked to broadcast an _______(想象)football match to show my ability of broadcasting a match. 4.Some of the guests invited to the meeting were absent for _______ (某些)reasons. 5.She didn?t tell me the reason why she had never ______ (回复)to my letters. 6.The day before he went to Shanghai,he had bought an ______(预先)ticket. 7.Would you like to do me the ________ (恩惠)of helping me with the heavy box ?I am really tired. 8. _________(移民)to our city are asked to have physical examinations the moment they enter the country. 9.At such a ______(严肃)time,you are not expected to tell jokes like that. 10.Please fill in the _______ (表格)before you answer the questions. 二、单项填空 1.The contest will ________ tomorrow. A.be taken place C.happen B.take place D.be happened

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2. He let me repeat his instruction _______ sure that I understand what was _______ after he went away. A.to make;to be done B.making;doing C.to make;to do D.making;to do 3.The secretary worked late into the night,_______ a long speech for the president. A.to prepare C.prepared B.preparing D.was preparing

4.一 What do you think ______ the plan? 一 I have ______ and found it of great use. A.of;thought over it B.over;thought about it C.about;thought it about D.of:thought it over 5._______ English,I have to study a second foreign language· A.In addition that B.In addition C.In addition to D.Beside 6.The child was told to _______ for being rude his uncle. A.excuse C.pardon B.apologize D.forgive

7.Yesterday morning he got up earlier than _______; for it was not a(n)______ day. A.common;usual C.usual;normal B.usual;ordinary D.common;ordinary

8.They pulled down the old building for the ________ of making room for the newly built motorway. A.purpose C.face B.meaning D.use

9.I hardly imagine Peter______ across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. A.sail C.to sail B.sailing D.to have sailed

1o.The discovery of new evidence led to_______.

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A.the thief having caught B.catch the thief C.the thief being caught D.the thief to be caught 11.You are really very kind.I'11 never forget _______ the you have done for me. A.favor C.help B.deed D.kind

12· I washed my hands and _______ supper while mother was ________supper in the kitchen. A.prepared for;preparing B.prepare prepared C.prepare for;prepared D.prepared;preparing for 13.——by his sister,he went on with his painting. A.To be encouraged C.Encouraged B.to encourage D.Being encouraged

14. I _______ her in the next few days, but so far no reply came to me. A. hoped B. waited C. looked forward D. expected

15. ----- You are so lucky. -----What do you mean ________ that? A. for B. in C. of D. by

三、在下列各题的空格处填入适当的介词或副词。 1.I’d like to make friends_____ people who share the same interests______ me. 2._____ addition______ English,the girl can speak two other foreign languages. 3.His money was running ______ ,so he wrote to his parents and asked ______ more. 4.It’s impolite to look ______ from the person who is talking _____you. 5.Listening __________others is an important skill _______communication. 6.It seems that there is a lack _______ confidence ________ the government. 四、用所给的词语翻译句子 be good at,it is estimate that,needn?t have done,think of,have(sth.)in common 1.这儿离我家那么近,你本不必乘出租车的。

2.根据统计,这个国家 80%的人口是农民。

3.唯一的问题是我不擅长和我不认识的人闲聊。

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4.你能想出一个可以用这个词组的情况吗?

5.汤姆和约翰不知该说些什么,他们没有什么共同之处。

每日一读(二)
一、完形填空 Several days ago,I met a stranger in the street who stopped and asked me directions.I 1 to show him the way to the destination,but to my 2 why.Finally he told me that he was 3 he coldly refused my offer.I asked him him in this way.

I would ask him for money if I 4

Money! I 5 deep into thought. Is it money that comes between us? Money has no 6 ; it cannot be 7 with good or bad.The problem 8 At present, we have a more 9 what attitude we have towards it.

material life than ever before, but we?re becoming more and

more 10.Why? In my opinion,the 11 is the change in people?s personal 1 2 .They wrongly believe that 1 3 ways they can to 15 money should be their only aim in life,so they 14 all sorts of

this aim.

They are afraid of being 1 6 and fooled. If everyone acts like this, what will our 17 be like? Needless to say,money is becoming more and more important in our society. 18 it

shouldn?t be the “be—all and end—all” of life.If a person only concentrates(全神贯注)on 19 ,he will be lonely and void(空虚),and even go astray(犯错误). It is up to us to make our lives happy, not money. We should try our best to help others 20

and freely.If everyone does so,our society will be better and better. 1.A.advised 2.A.joy 3.A.anxious 4.A.stopped 5.A.fell B.offered B.fear B.glad B.told B.felt C.asked D wished C.excitement D.surprise C.sorry D.afraid C.asked D. helped

C.kept D. caught C.1ife D. use C.connected D .seemed

6.A.problem 7.A.joined 8.A.takes in C.1eads to 9.A.powerful

B.price B.judged

B. depends on D. smoothes away B.beautiful C.plentiful D.healthy B.warm-hearted D.humorous

1 0.A.cold-hearted C.good—looking

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11.A.key. 12.A.worth 13.A.taking

B.money B.habits B.costing

C.main D. creature C.fame D. values C.spending D.making C.give off D.make up

14.A.think up B.pick up 15.A.realize 16.A.found 17.A.1ife 18.A.or 19.A.1ife

B.recognize C.take D.shoot B.discovered C.cheated D.followed B.society B.but B.nature C.belief D.money

C.if D.since C.society D.money

20.A.separately C.mainly 二、阅读理解

B.obviously D.whole-heartedly

A
0ne of the best-known American writers of children?s books is Alfred Strong,as he is better known to readers everywhere.Now,an art show called “Doctor Strong from Then to Now” is traveling around the United States.The pictures and drawings show the history of Doctor Strong. Doctor Strong first became famous almost fifty years ago when his first children?s book was published.Since then,he has written forty-five books that have sold more than one hundred million copies around the world. Doctor Strong?s books are known for their easy use of words and colorful,hand-drawn pictures.These drawings bring life to his imaginary creatures,The Cat in the Hat,Horton the Elephant,The Grinch Who Stole Christmas, and hundreds of others. The San Diego Museum,in California,organized the show.It included about three hundred Doctor Strong?s original(最早的) drawings and some of his writings. Most of Doctor Strong?s books, although written in a funny way, have serious messages. For example, in Mc Elligot’s Pool, he describes the danger of pollution. He discusses the arms race in The Butter Battle Book,written in nineteen eighty-four. Doctor Strong is almost eighty-four years old now.He says he never plans to write stories just for children.He says he writes stories that interest people of all ages.He says he uses easy words so that everyone,even a child,can understand. 1.Alfred Strong is a famous——in the United States. A.doctor B.artist C.writer D.reader

2.Doctor Strong first became famous in————. A.his eighties when an art show was traveling around the United States

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B.his fifties when his drawings and writings were published C.1984 when his book Mc Elligot?s Pool was published D.his thirties when his first book, was published 3.Doctor Strong?s books are very popular in America because ————. A.they are stories about animals such as cats,elephants and so on B.they are written in easy words with colorful pictures C.he organized an art show in California D.they are written in a funny way 4.His purpose of writing many such books is ________. A.to show his original pictures and drawings B.to organize a special art show of his own C.to make his readers laugh when they read his books D.not only to interest people but to expose(uncover)some serious social problems 5.Doctor Strong says he writes his stories _________. A.for all people B.for all his patients

C.just for grown-ups D.just for children

B
Bicycle tour and race A bike tour and race will be held on August 26 and 27(Sat. & Sun. ). At 5: 30 am, the riders will leave Tian?anmen Square and ride the first 3 5 kilometers as a training leg.Then the next 55 kilometers leg, from Yanjiao to Jixian, will be the first competitive part of the tour. The riders and their bikes will then be taken from Jixian to Changli. The second racing leg of the tour will be from Changli to the seaside of Nandaihe,covering a distance of 20 kilometers.Saturday night includes the stay at Nandaihe and supper.Sunday morning is free for play at the seaside.At noon all the people and their bikes will be taken back to Beijing. Cost:200 yuan. Telephone:8467—5027 Brazilian footballers The Brazilian football club will play Beijing Guo?an Team at the Workers? Stadium on August 26. The club has four national team players. Also coming is 1994?S World Cup star Romario who has promised to play for at least 45 minutes. Ticket prices:60,100,150 yuan Time/Date:4:30 pm August 26(Sat.)

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Telephone:8501—2372 Rock climbing The Third National Rock Climbing Competition will be held on August 26—27 at the Huairou Mountain Climbing Training Base.More than 10 teams from Beijing,Wuhan,Dalian, Jilin and other places will take part in it.A Japanese team will give an exhibition climbing.Free for spectators. Take a long—distance bus from Dongzhimen to Huairou. Time/Dates:9~12 am,August 26 and 27 Telephone:8714—2177,8714—4850,Wang Zhenghua 6.The main purpose of announcing the above events is to give information about——. A.visiting teams B.famous players C.things to do for the weekend D.prices to pay for the sports events 7.If you take part in the bike tour,you will ride for——. A.35 kilometers C.75 kilometers B.55 kilometers D.110 kilometers

8.What is special about the rock climbing competition? A.A foreign team takes part in it. B.You can watch it without paying. C.You don?t have to be a sportsman to take part in it. D.The bus trip to the place of the competition is free. 9.If you want to find something to do for Saturday afternoon, which telephone number will you call? A.8467-5027. B.8714—5177. C.8501—2372. D.8741—4850. 10.Which of the following statements is true? A.All are free in the bicycle tour and race. B.All the events will happen on August 26 and 27. C.If you don?t have money you can watch the rocking competition. D.There are six places mentioned in the first advertisement.

Section 3 文化广角
导与学
1.It is estimated that 80%of all conversation in English is small talk. 据估计英国人谈话的 80%是闲聊。

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1)该句运用了 It is+过去分词+that 从句结构,如: It is reported that there will be a concert this Saturday night. 据报道本周六晚有一场音乐会。 It is suggested some measures(should)be taken To stop pollution. 据建议要求采取一些措施来防止污染。 It is said that the novel has been translated into several foreign languages. 据说此小说已被译成多种外国文字。 该句型常为 it is said/hoped/thought/supposed/known/reported/announced /decided/suggested/believed/??that??等, 也可以转成含有宾语从句的复合句或 者含有不定式作主语补足语的简单句。如: It is said that Tom has come back from abroad. =People said that Tom has come back from abroad. =Tom is said to have come back from abroad. 据说汤姆已经回国了。 2)estimate

v.估计;估算(某项工作)的费用
We estimate his income at/to be about 8000yuan a year. 我们估算他一年的的收入大约 8000 元。 She estimated that the work would take three months. 她估计这项工作需要三个月。 We asked our builder to estimate for the repair of the ceiling. 我们要求营造商估算一下修理天花板的费用。

n.估计,估价
we can give you a tough estimate of the number of bricks you will need. 我可大约估算一下你需要多少砖。 This is an outside estimate of the price.这是最高的估价。 We got estimates from three different contractors before accepting the lowest. 我们得到三个承包商的报价后,接受了价钱最低的. I don’t know her well enough to form an estimate of her abilities. 我对她不太了解,无法对她的能力作出判断. 2.AAA=answer,add and ask.AAA 就是回答,补充和提问。 add vi.&.vt.意为“加,增加,补充说” If you add two and three,you get five.二加三等于五。 Will you add more sugar to your coffee?你的咖啡要多加些糖吗?

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He added that he didn’t believe it.他补充说他不相信。 辨析:add to, add? to, add up, add up to, add to“增加” The news added to his anxiety.这个消息增添了他的忧虑。 add??to“把??添加到??” Please add my name to the list.请在名单上加上我的名字。 add up“把??加起来;不合情理,讲不通” Add your scores up and we’11 see who has won. 把你们的得分加起来,我们就可以看出谁赢了。 He had been arrested for murder,but the evidence just didn’t add up. 他因谋杀罪被捕,但那些证据并不合理。 add up to“总计,共达,总的来讲” These figures add up to fifty.这些数字总计为 50。 With a meal included in the cost of the ticket,it all adds up to a really good evening’s entertainment. 入场券的费用里还包括一顿饭。总体来说,这个晚上的招待真算是不错了。 3.What’s the purpose of your visit to London?你到伦敦的目的是什么? purpose

n.目的,意图,目标
What is his purpose in coming back this time?他这次回来的意图是什么?

v.意图,决定履行或完成。
I purpose coming next week.我打算下星期回来。 on purpose 故意地,为了,特地 be weak/firm of purpose 意志薄弱/坚强 4.Because the thing they both want to avoid is an embarrassing silence. 因为他们都想避免令人尴尬的沉默。 embarrassing adj.令人困窘的事,问题,错误 embarrass v.多用于被动语态,使(某人)觉得不自然,忸怩,尴尬或害羞。 I was embarrassed by his comments about my clothes. 他评论我的衣服使我很尴尬。 Are you trying to embarrass me?你是想让我难堪吗? 使(某人)不安或焦虑 embarrassed by lake of money 因缺钱而苦恼 financially embarrassed 拮据

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5.Because they used this very useful social technique,they found something they have in common at last.使用这种卓有成效的社交技巧,最终发现了他们所共有的东西。 1)technique 技术,技巧,方法。可数名词,表示一项一项的技术或技巧。指干某种事情所需的特别 方法,这种方法通常含有某种技能。 The doctors have developed a new technique in eye surgery· 这些医生研究出了一种眼外科的新技术。 She shows a good technique in playing the piano.她弹钢琴很有技巧。 He has no trouble going lots of girlfriends I wonder what his technique is. 他不费力就交了很多女友,我真奇怪他用了什么手段。 2)common adj.注意无比较级 共同的,公共的 This useful feature is common to both these computers. 这两种计算机都有这种实用的特点。 平凡的,普通的 Common salt is very cheap.食盐很便宜。 常见的,平常的 Snow is common in cold countries.在寒冷常见的。 common n.共用,普通 This is something that all living things have in common.这是所有生物所共的。 have a lot in common 有很多共同点 have nothing in common 没有任何共同点 in common(with)(与??)有共同点 辨析:common,general,ordinary 和 usual common 强调许多事物有某种共同点,有时也指有关的事物在品质或品德上无杰出的或 特殊之处。 Cold is a very common disease.感冒是一种很普通的疾病。 That’s a common failing among students.那是中学生中普遍的毛病。 ordinary 强调“平常的,平淡无奇的” ,无特别之处。 His ordinary supper consists of only bread and milk. 他通常的晚餐不过是面包和牛奶。 I have got an ordinary sort of car,nothing special. 我有一辆普通的汽车,毫无特别之处。 general 意为“普遍的,一般的” ,指接近全体或大部分,指语言,意见或观念时,含 有意义不精确的意思。

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This book is intended for the general reader,not for the specialist. 这本书是为一般读者写的,不是为专家写的。 Give me a general idea of the work.告诉我这份工作的概括情况。 usual 多作形容词,作定语时表示“习惯性的,常规的,平常的;作表语表“通常作法, 通常情况” 。 This is not my usual work.这不是我平常的工作。 He didn’t get to the school at the usual time today. 他今天没有按往常时间到校。 It’s usual to tip the waiter.给服务员小费是通常作法

练与测
一、单词拼写 1.Under no——(情形)should you lend any money to such a man. . 2.The——(功能)0fnleheartistopumpbloodthroughthebody. 3.We attended the party more out of a sense of——(职责)than anything else. 4. I want to fill in the——(申请)form for this job. 5. I will——(退款)you the full cost of your fare. 6.There is no sure——(规则)for success. 7.My mother is preparing rooms for the——(接待)of guests. 8.Let’s take the——(机会)to say a few words. 9.Getting rich seems to be the only——(目的)in her life. 10.I heard her brother was an official working in the American——(使馆). 二、短语翻译 1.期盼 _____________________ 2.收到??来信 ____________________________

3.漏掉、忽略掉 ________________4.根本不 _________________________________ 5.起初、开始 _________________ 6.这样、以这种方式 ________________________ 7.到这点、此时 ___________________ 8.和??有共同之处 _____________________ 三、选用框内所给词的适当形式填空。 atmosphere,certain,complete。establish,favor, imagine,make,reception,technique,teenager 1.A function of small talk is to 一——a relationship between people who don’t know each other well. 2.Our conversation went smoothly because we both used a social ____________. 3.Excuse me,Mr. Smith,but I have a——to ask you a question. 4. I am worried about——him feel embarrassed.

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5.I'm sure there will be——questions that you don’t know how to answer. 6.Do you know what kind of books Chinese——like to read? 7.You can’t—— how hard life was then. 8.You’d better think of ways to change the ______ of the conversation. 9.She didn’t work hard at her lessons, so it isn’t surprising that she failed the exam. 10.They’re busy preparing an official ______ for the foreign visitors. 四、单项填空 1.— Must I hand in my homework before this evening,sir? — N0,you ______ hand it in to me if you haven’t enough time. A.don’t have to C.needn’t to B.haven’t to D.not have to

2.I'm afraid the journey will be——for the old couple. A.much too C.so much B.too much D.very much

3.The medicine is——;Wei Fang feels much better now. A.working. C.affecting B.doing D.taking

4.—-W0uld you like me to turn off the radio? — N0,it’s all right I ______ with the radio on. A.am used to work B.used to work

C.am used to working D.used to working 5.I found a wallet——on the ground and picked it up. A.1aying C.1ying B.fie D.1ain

6.——that 60% of the smokers in this area were males. A.It has estimated C.That was estimated B.As was estimated. D.It was estimated

7.CCTV says that a storm will hit our city.In order to avoid———,we must take our raincoats. A.to catch B.catching

C.to be caught D.being caught 8._____Y0u seem lost,_____ ? _____Thank you I’m looking for the Sleeping Beauty Castle.

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A.What are you looking for C.Why so

B.Need help D.Where are you from

9.The general manager expressed his satisfaction with the business talks. ______ that he wanted to strengthen the cooperation. A.having added B.to add C.adding D.added

10.The passenger was tired and walked mole slowly but he.got home ______. A.after all B.at all C.above all D.in all

11.I got up early this morning, but I——so because I had nothing to do. A.mustn’t have done C.needn’t have done B.didn’t need to do D.call’t have done

12.一 Whom do you want to see at the moment? 一 The man——Professor Dupont. A.called himself B.you call him

C.calling himself D.who called 13.一 Why didn’t he remain then? 一 He said he———go at once. A.must be B.had to C.have got to D. has to

14.They cannot get along well with each other because they have nothing ______. A.in all B.at all C.in common D.in both

15.一 How long have you studied German? 一 It is nearly four years———we began to study German. A.when B.before C.since D.that

16.一 I’ve just heard someone ______ erhu over there. 一 Let’s go and see——. A.play;who is it B.playing;who it is

C.play;who it is D.paying;who is it 17.It makes 110 difference_______ he will come this week or next week. A.that B.if C.whether D.which

18.一 Must you go so soon? — Well, I _______, but I feel I_____. A.don’t have to;ought to C.must not;should go B.haven’t got to;ought to D.need not go;must go

19.The _____ boy was last seen____ near the East Lake. A.missing;playing B.missing;play

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C.missed;played

D.missed;to play

20.Sharing a lot———We became good friends. A.in time B.in fact C.in common D.short

五、用介、副词填空。 1.I am looking forward ______ you early reply. 2.She is tall,but she isn’t good——playing basketball. 3.The mother is worried about her son because she haven’t heard _____ him since he left 4.The word is wrongly spelt;you’ve left———a letter. 5. I managed to get to the destination ______ referring to the signs on the roadside. 6.He couldn’t stand the hot weather here—— first, but soon he got used — —it. 7.The workers continued——their work after a short rest. 8.Can you give me the reason——your coming late?

每日一读(三)
一、阅读表达: 阅读下面短文,根据要求完成各题。 The small unframed(无边框的)painting called “Fisherman” was signed by a little known Italian artist,Maveleone (1669—1740).When it was sold recently in New York for$27,000, the seller,Mr. Oliver Pitt,was asked to explain how the picture had come into his possession. Pitt said, “I didn?t know it was so valuable. I?m not an art expert. Photography is my hobby. I bought “Fisherman” in Italy in 1970 for$140.The picture was dirty, and I couldn?t see the artist?s signature(签名). But anyway it wasn?t the Picture that I liked.I bought it because of the frame.” “It?s a most unusual frame, made of tiny, silvery sea—shells(贝壳)They are set in such a way that they reflect perfect light onto the surface of a picture.I now have a photograph of my wife in that frame,and I?11 never part with it.” “When I returned to New York I showed the painting in its frame to a customs officer.I told him that I had paid$1 40 for it but admitted I didn?t know its actual worth.The customs man valued it at$140,and 1 was asked to pay duty on that value.I did so,here and then.?? “Later,I took off the frame,and that uncovered Maveleone?s signature.My wife suggested in fun that the painting might be a valuable one;so I cleaned it and put it up for sale.” As a result of this explanation, Oliver Pitt had to ________________________________ .He was accused of knowingly making a false statement of the value of a picture SO as to cheat the Customs Department. Pitt was not happy, “I told the truth as I knew it then, ”he said. “What else could I say?” And

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then the judge agreed with him.“The Customs Department is responsible(to blame),”he said, “for making a true valuation of goods bought into the country,so that the correct amount of duty may be charged. Mr. Pitt did not cause or try to cause the mistake that was made. He paid the duty that was demanded.If,now,the Customs Department finds that its valuation was not correct, it cannot be allowed to have another try.Pitt is not guilty.” 1.Why did Oliver Pitt buy the picture? _______________________________________________________________________________ 2.Why did Pitt take off the frame? _______________________________________________________________________________ 3.Who should answer for the,case(案件)? ______________________________________________________________________________ 4.Please complete the sentence in the sixth paragraph with proper words or phrases.(Please answer within 10 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 5.Translate the underlined sentences in the third paragraph into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________________ 二、阅读理解

A
Informal conversation is an important part of any business relationship. Before you start a discussion, however,make sure you understand which topics are suitable and which are considered taboo(禁忌)in a particular culture.Latin Americans enjoy sharing information 、 about their local history, art and customs.Expect questions about your family。and be sure to show pictures of your children.You may feet free to ask similar questions of your Latin American friends.The French think of conversation as an art form,and they enjoy the value of lively discussions as well as disagreements.For them,arguments Can be interesting--and they can cover pretty much or any topic—as long as they Occur in a respectful and intelligent manner. In the United States business people like to discuss a wide range of topics,including opinions about work,family,hobbies and politics.In Japan,China and Korea,however, people are much more private.They do not share much about their though~,feelings。or emotions because they feel that doing SO might take away from the harmonious(和谐的) business relationship they?re trying to build.Middle Easterners are also private about their personal lives and family matters.It is considered rude,for example,to ask a businessman from Saudi Arabia about his wife or children.As a general rule,it is best not to talk about

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politics or religion with your business friends.This can get you into trouble,even in the United States。where people hold different views.In addition,discussing one?s salary is usually considered unsuitable. Sport is typically a friendly subject in most parts of the world, although be careful not to criticize a national sport. Instead, be friendly and praise your host?s team. 1.Why are people from Asia more private in their conversation with others? A.They don?t want to have their good relationship harmed. B.They don?t want to share their feelings the others. C.They don't want to talk much.with others. D.They are afraid to argue with others. 2.The writer thinks polities and religion are_______ for business. A.cheerful topics B.taboo C.rude topics D.wise topics

3.Which is typically a friendly topic in most places according to the writer? A.Sports. B.Art. C.Personal things.D.Families.

4.What should you do when you talk about sports with your partner from another country? A.Praise your own country?s sports. B.Criticize your own country?s sports. C.Praise the sports of your partner?s country. D.Criticize the sports of you partner's country.

B
Handshaking,though a European practice is often seen in big cities of China.Nobody knows exactly when the practice started in Europe.It is said that long long ago in Europe when people met,they showed their unarmed hands to each other as a sign of goodwill.As time went on and trade in cities grew rapidly,people in cities began to clap each other?s hands to make a deal or to reach an agreement. This practice was later changed into shaking hands among friends on meeting or leaving each other.“Let?s shake(hands)on it ”sometimes means agreement reached. Do the Europeans shake hands wherever they go and with whomever they meet? No. Sometimes the Chinese abroad reach out their hands too often to be polite.It is really very impolite to give your hand when the other party,especially when it is a woman,shows little interest in shaking hands with you and when the meeting does not mean anything to him or her.Even if,for politeness, he,holds out his unwilling hand in answer to your uninvited hand,just touch it slightly.There is generally a misunderstanding among the Chinese that westerners are usually open and straightforward,while the Chinese are rather reserved(保守

35

的)in manner.But in fact.some people in western countries are more reserved than some Chinese today.So it is a good idea to shake hands with a westerner only when he shows interest in further relations with you. 5.In the old days in Europe,people put out their unarmed hands to each other _______ . A.to make a deal B.to greet each other

C.to show friendliness D.to reach an agreement 6.The first,paragraph mainly tells us. A.where handshaking was first practiced B.how handshaking came about C.about the relationship between handshaking and trade D.about the practice of handshaking both in、Europe and in China 7.According to the text,which of the following statements is true? A.Westerners are more reserved than the Chinese. B.Westerners are unwilling to shake hands. C.We should make a judgment before shaking hands. D.We shouldn?t shake hands with European women. 8.The main purpose of the text is ——. A.to tell us some differences between the East and the West B.to offer us some important facts about handshaking C.to introduce us to some different customs in the West D.to give us some advice before we travel abroad

Section 4 功能提高
导与学
didn’t need to do 和 needn’t have done 这两种结构都表示过去不必做某事,但 didn?t need to do 通常表示“没必要,实际上也没 有做某事”;而 needn?t have done 则表示“虽然没必要,但已经做了某事”。如 I didn?t need to get up early this morning, so I stayed in bed until 9 a.m. 我今天早晨没必要早起,所以我一直睡到上午 9 点。(实际上我没有早起) I needn?t have got there so early because she didn?t come until 10. 我本来没必要那么早到那儿, 因为她 10 点才来。 (虽然没必要, 但实际上我很早就到了) John went to the station with the car to meet Mary,so she needn?t have walked back home. 约翰开车去车站接玛丽, 所以她本不必步行回家。Mary 步行回家,没有遇上 John 的车) Your home is not far from here,so you needn?t have left in such a hurry then. 你家离这儿不远,因此你当时没必要匆匆忙忙的。

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I needn?t have told her the news.我本来没有必要告诉她这个消息的。 即时练:1.There was plenty of time.She _______. A.mustn?t have hurried B.couldn?t have hurried C.must not hurry D.needn?t have hurried 【解析】 needn?t have done 意为“本不必”, 既已经做了某事, 而实际上不必要。 mustn?t have hurried 用法不正确,对过去发生的事情进行否定性推断应为 couldn?t have done,“不可能已 经”,must not do 不可以(用于一般现时)。 答案: D 2. I have told him it, so you ______ again. A. shouldn?t tell him C. couldn?t have told 答案:B 课本例句 1.Remember that social rules can be different. 2.You have to arrive on time at a party. 3.You don?t need to arrive on time. 4.You need to know how long you should stay. 5.You can take things but you needn?t if you don?t want to. 6.You mustn?t take flowers of a certain color. 7.You needn?t have taken the flowers. B. needn?t have told D. mustn?t tell

练与测
一、单项选择 1.We last night,but we went.to the cinema it stead. A.must have studied C.should have studied B.might study D.would study

2.一 Could 1 borrow your bike? 一 Yes.of course,you ______ . A.might B.will C.can D.need 3.It?s nearly ten o?clock.Jim ______ be here at any moment. A.must B.need C.should D.can

4.A computer ________ think for itself,it must be to told what to do. A.can?t B.couldn?t C.may not D.might

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5.He _______ you more help,even though he was busy, A.might have given C.may have given B.might give D.may give

6.一 When can I came for the photo? I need them tomorrow afternoon. 一 They _______ be ready by 12:00. A.can B.should C.might D.need

7.You _______ be tired—you?ve only been working for an hour. A.must not B.won?t C.can?t D.may not

8.Mr.White _______ at 8:30 for the meeting,but he didn?t show up. A.should have arrived C.should have had arrived B.should arrive D.should be arriving

9.一 I don?t mind telling you what I know. 一 You _______ .1?rn not asking you for it. A.mustn?t 13.may not C.can?t D.needn?t

10.一 Who is the girl standing over there? 一 Well.if you ______ know,her name is Mabel. A.may 二、完成句子 1.你必须努力学习英语,但不必把所有时间都花费在上面。 You _______ ________ ________ ________ English,but you _________ ________ ________ spend all the time on it. 2.你一定不要在公园摘花,否则,你将不得不面临惩罚。 You _______ _______ flowers in the park,or you will _______ ________ face a punishment. 3.我们听懂他们的话并不费力。你本不必翻译给我们的。 We _______ _______ ________ ________ _______ what they said. You ________ ________ ________ it to us. 4.当时我姐姐正好有这本书,所以我就不必买了。 My sister ______ _______ have the book then,so I _______ _______ _______ buy it. 5.没有必要为他担心。我本不必告知你这些的。 _______ _______ _______ ________ to worry about him.I _______ ________ _______ you all about this. 三、翻译下列句子。 1.这里春天通常温暖湿润,但有时候会特别得冷。 B.can C.must D.shall

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2.我不会游泳,所以我只好走桥了。

3.根据你刚才所说的,你们在那里一定是玩得很愉快了。

4.只要你喜欢,你可以在白天的任何时候到这里来,但你一定不要在晚上来。

5.我要走了,如果有人来找我,你可以让他给我留言。

每日一读(四)
一、阅读表达: 阅读下面短文,根据要求完成各题。 Beijing?s markets will soon be flooded with more and cheaper colorful fruit such as orange mangos and green durian(榴莲)all year round. Thanks to a new free trade agreement signed (用符号标明) last Monday between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN),more and more tropical Southeast Asian fruit will enter the country. The agreement means that from July 1,2005,China and ASEAN countries will begin to cut tariffs(关税) .There are about 7 000 products included in the cuts. As global(全球的) communication develops,countries are trading more and more goods with each other. When products are sold across national borders, countries put a tax on them. This type of tax is called a tariff. Just like removing an obstacle from the path of these goods,the reduction of tariffs will encourage trade between China and ASEAN countries.It means more products and lower prices. The agreement will________ for Chinese customers , said a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman.“On the Bering markets you will easily find more tropical fruit like durian,which used to be very, very, very expensive. Now they will be cheaper. The current(当前的) tariff rate (比率) on durian is 22 per cent but will fall to zero in 2005. In the first 10 months of this year China did US$84.6 billion of trade with ASEAN countries.Experts believe this may reach US $100 billion next year. Founded in 1967,ASEAN now includes Indonesia,Malaysia,Singapore,the Philippines, Thailand,Brunei,Vietnam,Myanmar,Cambodia and Laos. 1.What is the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) ___________________________________________________________ 2.Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? There will be lots of tropical fruit on the Beijing markets this year. ___________________________________________________________ 3.Please fill in the blank in the sixth paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence.(Please answer within 10 words.) ___________________________________________________________ 4.Do you think what a tariff is?(Please answer within 30 words.) ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________
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5.Translate the underlined sentence in the fifth paragraph into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________

二、

阅读理解

A

Every Thursday afternoon,my art history class meets not in our lecture hall but in the Yale University Art Gallery. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or three of the paintings,many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. The professor begins by selecting one work of art.After giving US a quick back ground on the artist,he?11 open up for class discussion.Everyone is strongly encouraged to give opinions to the work.Not every piece we study is necessarily famous or striking in appearance and subject matter,yet we always manage to make some interesting observations. In America,professors always take every opportunity to push textbooks aside and expose students to real world experiences. With some creativity,almost any can be applied to such beyond the classroom learning. My art history class trips to the gallery are but one example. Many other disciplines also offer opportunities to learn outside the classroom,for instance, business,psychology, art, journalism and biology. A friend of mine from Yale taking an advanced psychology course spends every Saturday working with mentally disabled children.Her mornings are spent playing with the kids and studying their sometimes uncontrolled behavior.Then in the afternoon she writes a report on her observations. Students generally appreciate these unique learning opportunities.They?re almost always fun and interesting,and professors like them because students learn so much in just a few short months. No one denies the value of classroom learning.But it can only take students so far. Slides and textbooks may do a good job of carrying facts and dates,but creativity and originality of thought cannot be taught. They can only be got through first-hand experience. 1. The writer studies art history _______. A.in fl lecture hall C.in a simple way B.in an art gallery D.in a practical way

2. In American universities it is popular for professors to——. A.create textbooks by themselves B.teach their lectures through real world experiences
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C.ask their students to memorize the texts D.share their experiences with the students 3. The writer introduces one of his friends? experiences to us in order to _________. A.give us an example C.praise his friend B.praise the professor D.advise us to study psychology

4. The writer holds the opinion that _______. A.1earning outside the classroom is the best way B.teachers should develop students? creativity C.professors had better shorten their lectures D.students should put their textbooks away

B
Soccer is played by millions of people all over the world,but there have only been few players who were truly great.How did these players get that way—— was it through training and practice,or are great players “born,not made”? First, these players come from places that had famous stars in the past——players that a young boy can look up to and try to imitate.In the history of soccer,only six countries have ever won the World Cup-——three from South America and three from western Europe.There has never been a great national team———or a really great player—— from North America or from Asia.Second,these players have all had years of practice in the game.Alfredo Di Stefano was the son of a soccer player,as was Pele.Most players begin playing the game at the age of three or four. Finally,many great players come from the same kind of neighborhood—— a poor, crowded area where a boy?s dream is not to be a doctor,lawyer,or businessman, but to become a rich, famous athlete or entertainer. For example Liverpool, which produced the Beetles,had one of the best English soccer teams in recent years.Pele practiced in the street with a “ball” made of rags.And George Best learned the tricks that made him famous by bouncing the ball off a wall in the slums of Belfast. All great players have a lot in common,but that doesn?t explain why they are great.Hundreds of boys played in those Brazilian streets,but only one,became Pele. The greatest players are born with some unique quality that sets them apart from all the others. 5,According to the author.which of the following stammers is TRUE? A.Great soccer players are born,not made. B.Truly great players are rare.

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C.0nly six countries have ever had famous soccer stars. D.Soccer is the least popular sport in North America and Asia. 6. The word “tricks” at the end of paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______. A.experience B.cheating C.skills D.training

7. In the last paragraph the statement “only ore became Pele” indicates that ______. A.Pele is the greatest soccer player B.the greatest players are born with some unique quality C.Pele?s birthplace sets him apart from all the other players D.the greatest players practise with “balls” made of rags 8. The author thinks n soccer player?s success belongs to all the following factors EXCEPT _________. A.his family background C.his practice B.his neighborhood D.his height

Section 5 模块小结
一、短语翻译 1. 避免同某人说话 2 .损害你的自信心 3.拥有好的社交技巧 4.使你为更严肃的谈话做准备 5.预先做些准备 6.使你成为一个较好的听众 7.一个双向的过程 8.准备好一些不会出错的开场白 9.保持正确的目光接触 10.去一个社交场所 11.带一件礼物 12.谈话技巧 13.表明缺少义务 14.在你的申请表格中 15.得到签证 16.打领带 17.得到退款 18.你全家人身体健康 19.发现某事无聊 20.使人感到无聊 21.每一次我张开口 22.社交的基本原则 23.体重增加
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24.对….谨慎 25.犯经常性的错误 26.在他们的毕业周年纪念日上 27.敏感的题目 28.意识到文化差异 29.妨碍你的私人生活 30.导致分歧 31.接受赞美 32.期待精确的回复 33.做出邀请去参观 34. 据估计 35.建立一种关系 36.增加一些额外的信息 37.改变气氛 38.因此 39.对….神经紧张 40.身体语言 41 使人高兴起来 42.人类 43.除此之外 44.省去 45.把目光…移开 46.犯使人难堪的错误\ 47.炫耀他们的财富 48.带头 49.回忆起 二、.用 neend?t have done 改写下列句子 1.It wasn?t necessary for you to bring some flowers. 2.Thank you for tidying the room ----but it wasn?t necessary. 3.There was no need for you to buy the box of chocolates. 4.Why did you go to school ? It is Sunday. 5.Thank you for bringing the book to show me, but I already have it 三、用课文中的词填空 1.Light conversation that people make at social__________( 场合 )about unimportant things. 2.Have you ever __________(穿过 )the road to avoid talking to someone you recognize? 3.Would you love to go to a party and talk_____________(自信地 )to every guest? 4.Do you want to make more friends but_________(缺乏 )the confidence to talk to people you don?t know? 5.Are you nervous about the idea of _________(在 )at a social event in another country? 6.You needn?t worry about________(处境 )like these if you have good social skills. 7.People __________ ( 有 )good social skills communite well and know how to have a conversation. 8.Small talk is very important and _________ ( 准备)you for more serious conversations. 9.Think of topics that you would avoid if you were talking to __________(陌生人 ).
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10.Show that you are listening by using________(鼓励 )noises and gestures.

Section 6 模块检测(满分 150 分)
一、单项选择.(每题 1 分;计 20 分) 1.__Yesterday I bought a record that Chen Jian____.It was wonderful. __Yes,the record was_____. A. did ;successful B;had ;successful C. made;a success D.made;success 2. As it turned out to be a problem of no impotance,we___so much time looking into it. A.needn?t spend B. didn?t have to spend C.oughtn?t to spend D. needn?t have spent 3. I got a rise in salary. ______. A. Yes. I think so. B.You did? C. Are you? D My pleasure 4. ___in the newspapers, the new president will Take office next week. A.It is reported B.Which is reported C.It is reported D.As is reported 5. Can you think of a situation____ this idiom can be used? A.where B.Which C.how D.why 6. Once a foreigner said “You don?t say” in a chat ___? ---Oh. that means he was very surprised at your words. A. Have you heard B.What is it all about C. What for D. What happened to it 7. What___fun it is. I have never seen___more interesting advertisement. A.a;the B.a;a C.不填 ;the D 不填. ;a 8. ___you have no interest in that girl has nothing to do with me. A .That B.Which C. What D.Whethe 9. I think it is high time that you___your mind. A.have made up B.make up C.making up D.made up 10..They told us the tent was not their___shelter, for they would soon move to another place. A.own B.permanent C.favourite D.temporary 11. High prices for coin and wheat will greatly___ Farming. A. suggest B.promise C attract D.encourage 12. If a man ___succeed,he must make double efforts and stand what common people can?t. A. will B.should C.is to D. is going to 13. Nothing would stop her,and she___the risks in that kind of work. A. was prepared for taking B.was preparing to taking C.was preparing for taking D.was prepared to take
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14. This kind of___plant is said to grow in ___certain place in South Africa. A.the;不填 B.不填;a C.不填;不填 D.a;the 15.She has been ___ tests since she failed in the final examination last term . A. busy with B. interested in C. nervous about D. curious about 16.The policeman ,with whose act of bravery we ______ deeply ,died for saving people in a flood. A.impress B. impressed C. have impressed D. are impressed 17.You?ve made a mistake ---you?ve ____one “I” in the word “intelligent “. A. left over B. left out C. left off D. left for 18.You ____for two days off for me . I was feeling much better just then . A. needn?t have asked B. didn?t need to ask C. needn?t ask D. didn?t need to have asked 19.These players ____ enough concentration and lost five games. A. lacked of B. was lacking C. lacked in D. lacked 20.She had changed so much that I hardly___her at first. A. Knew B.got to know C.realised D.recognised 二、完形填空(每题 1.5 分;计 30 分) One evening Robert was on his way home from the railway station.When he turned round a——21——he heard footsteps behind him and he thought 22 was coming near.He 24

began to walk 23 . The footsteps became faster, too. He slowed down. The footsteps also

down.Now he was ——25——that he was being followed.He tried to hide.——26——the steps followed him.He didn’t know 27 to save himself, so he iumped over a fence and found

——28——in a cemetery.throwing himself down on one of the tombs. The man 29 followed.Robert could hear the man jump over 30 Thoughts of

thieves or murderers filled his

31 Robert stood up and—32 一 the man who was—33 一 34 areyoufollowingme?”

him. “What do you want?’ ’he asked. “

‘'Say, ”asked the stranger. “Do you—35 一 go home like this, 36 are you taking some special exercise 一 37—-? I want to go to the Mr Brown?s and don’t know——38 一 The station master told me to follow you as you door. 40 me for asking,but is there much to go before we get there?” 21.A.comer 22.A.no one 23.A.slowly 24.A.put 25.A.sorry 26.A.Still 27.A.when B.park B.someone C.street D.way C.anyone D.everyone 39 next

B.more slowly C.fast D.faster B.slowed B.glad C.became D.turned C.afraid D.sure

B.Sometimes C.Often D.Seldom B.where C.why D.how

45

28.A.him 29.A.ahead

B.himself B.behind

C.theman D.thethief C.nearby D.beside C.theyard D.thefence C.mind D.memory C.hit D.told C.following D.meeting C.How D.When C.hardly D.seldom C.so D.but C.atthenight D.tonight

30.A.abridge B.awall 31.A.idea 32.A.faced B.stomach B.beat

33.A.stealing B.robbing 34.A.What 35.A.never 36.A.and B.Why B.always B.or

37.A.everynight B.atnight 38.A.him 39.A.work

B.the house C the way D.the partner B.play C.study D.1ive C.Tell D.Excuse

40.A.Answer B.Show

三、阅读理解(每题 2 分;计 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出最佳选项。

A
Humans are social animals.They live in groups all over the world.As these groups。 of people live apart from other groups,over the years and centuries they develop their own habits and ideas,which form different cultures.One important particular side of every culture is how its people deal with time. Time is not very important in non—industrial societies.The Nuer people of East Africa,for example,do not even have a word TIME that is in agreement with the abstract thing we call time.The daily lives of the people of such non-industrial societies are likely to be patterned around their physical needs and natural events rather than around a time schedule(时间表)based on the clock.They cook and eat when they are hungry and sleep when the sun goes down.They plant crops during the growing seasons and harvest them when the crops are ripe.They measure time not by a clock or calendar,but by saying that an event takes place before or after some other event. Frequently such a society measures day in te. . ,rms of“sleeps”or longer periods in terms of“moons”.Some culture, such as the Eskimos of Greenland measure seasons according to the migration(移栖)of certain animals. Some cultures which do not have a written language or keep written records have developed interesting ways of “telling time”.For example,when several Australian aborigines(土著人)want to plan an event for a future time,one of them places a stone

46

on a cliff or in a tree.Each day the angle of the sun changes slightly.In a few days,the ways of the sun strike the stone in a certain way.When this happens,the people see that the agreed-upon time has arrived and the event can take place. In contrast(成对比),exactly correct measurement of time,is very important in modern and societies.This is because industrialized societies require the helpful efforts of many people in order to work.For a factory to work efficiently(well,quickly and without waste),for example,all of the workers must work at the same time.Therefore, they must know what time to start work in the morning and what time they may go home in the afternoon.Passengers must know the exact time when an airplane will arrive or depart.Students and teachers need to know when a class starts and ends. Stores must oPen on time in order to serve their customers.Complicated(复杂的) societies need clocks and calendars.Thus,we can see that if each person worked according to his or her own schedule,a complicated society could hardly work at a11. 41.By saying“Humans are social animals” ,the author means——. A.they live all over the world B.they are different from other animals C.they live in one place,district or country,considered as a whole D.they are divided into many grouPs 42.Time is not very important in non-industrial societies.This is because people in those societies don’t _______. A.have the word TIME in their 1anguages B.get used to using clocks and other timepieces C.measure time in their daily lives .

D.need to plan their daily lives around an exact time schedule 43.The Australian aborigines’way of“telling time”is based on _______. A.the change of the sun rays B.the movement of the earth C.the position of the stone D.the position of the tree or the cliff 44.Which of the following might be the best title for this passage? A.Time and Culture C.Time Schedule and Daily life B.The Measurement of Time D.Clock,Calendar and Society

B
Do you want to live another 100 years or more? Some experts say that scientific

47

advances will one day enable humans to last ten of years beyond what is now seen as the natural limit of the human life span. “I think we are knocking at the door of immortality(永生), ”said Michael Zey,a Montclair State University business professor and author of two books on the future. “I think by 2075 we will see it and that?s a conservative estimatg(保守的估计). ” At the conference in San Francisco,Donald Louria,a professor at New JerseyMedical School in Neward said advances in using genes as well as nanotechnology(纳米技术)make it likely that humans will live in the future beyond what has been possible in the past. “There is a great push so that people can live from 120 to 180 years, ”he said.“Some have suggested that there is no limit and that people could live to 200 or 300 or 500 years. ’ ’ However,many scientists who specialize in aging are doubtful about it and say the human body is just not designed to lasi about 120 years.Even with healthier lifestyles and less disease i they say failure of the brain and organs will finally lead all human to death. Scientists also differ on what kind of life the super aged might live. “It remains to be seen if you pass 120,could you be healthy enough to have good quality of life?”said Leonard Pooh,director of the University of Georgia Gerontology Center. “At present people who could get to thal point are not in good health at a11. ” 45.By saying“we are knocking at the door of immortality” . .Michael Zey means——. A.they believe that there is no limit of living B.they are sure to find the truth about long living C.they have got some ideas about living forever D.they are able to make people live past the present life span 46.Donald Louria?s attitude towards long living is that——. A.people can live from 120 to 180 B.the human body is designed to last past about 120 years C.it?s still doubtful how long humans can live D.it is possible for humans to live longer in the future 47.The underlined“it”in paragraph 4 refers to——. A.a great push B.the idea of living much longer life C.the idea of living from 200 to 300 D.the conservative estimate 48.What would be the best title for the text? A.Living Longer or not

48

B.Science,Technology and Long LivingC.No Limit for Human Life D.Healthy Lifestyle and Long Living

C
Scratchy throats,stuffy noses and body aches all spell misery,but being able to tell if the cause is a cold or flu may make a difference in how long the misery lasts. The American Lung Association(ALA)has issued new guidelines on combating colds and the flu,and one of the keys is able to quickly tell the two apart.That?s because the prescription drugs available for the flu need to be taken soon after the illness sets in. As for colds, the sooner a person starts taking over-the-counter remedy,the sooner relief will come. The common cold and the flu are both caused by viruses.More than 200 viruses can cause cold symptoms,while the flu is caused by three viruses——flu A,B and C. There is no cure for either illness,but the flu can be prevented by the flu vaccine, which is,for most people,the best way to fight the flu raccording to the ALA: But if the flu does strike,quick action can help.Although the flu and common cold have many similarities,there are some obvious signs to look for.Cold symptoms such as stuffy noses,runny noses and scratchy throats typically develop gradually,and aduhs and teens often do not get a fever.On the other hand,the fever is one of the characteristic features of the flu for all ages.And in general,flu symptoms including fever,chills,sore throats and body aches come on suddenly and are more severe than cold symptoms. The ALA notes that it may be particularly difficult to tell when infants and preschool age children have the flu.It advises parents to call the doctor if their small children have flulike symptoms. Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with over-the-counter medications as well.However,children and teens with a cold or flu should not take aspirin for paln relief because of the risk of Reye Syndrome(综合症),a rare but serious condition of the liver and central nervous system. There is,of course,no vaccine for the common cold.But frequent hand washing and avoiding close contact with people who have colds can reduce the likelihood of catching one. 49. According to the author.knowing the cause of the misery will help _____ . A.shorten the duration of the illness . B.the patient buy medicine over the counter C. he patient obtain cheaper prescription drugs

49

D.prevent people from catching colds and the flu 50. We learn from the passage that ? A.one doesn’t need to take any medicine if he has a cold or flu B.aspirin should not be included in over-the-counter medicines for the flu C.delayed treatment of the flu will harm the liver and central nervous svstem D.over-the-counter drugs can be taken to ease the misery caused by a cold or flu 51. Which of the following symptoms will distinguish the flu from o cold? A.A stuffy nose. C.A sore throat. B.A high temperature. D.A dry cough.

52. If children have flu-like symptoms,their parents ________ . A.are advised not to give them aspirin B.should watch out for signs of Reye Syndrome C.are encouraged to take them to hospital for vaccine D.should prevent them from mixing with people running a fever

D
People travel for a lot of reasons.Some tourists go to see battlefields or religious shrines(圣地).Others are looking for culture,or simply want to have their plctures taken in front of famous places.But most European tourists are looking for a sunny beach to lie on. Northern Europeans are willing to pay a lot of money and put up with a lot of inconvenlences for the sun because they have so little of it.Residents of cities Iike London, Copenhagen and Amsterdam spend a lot of their winter in the dark because the days are so short, and much of the rest of the year is in the rain.This is the reason the Mediterranean(中海)has always attracted them. Every summer, more than 25 million people travel to Mediterranean resorts and beaches for their vacation.They a11 come for the same reason:sun! The huge crowds mean lots of money for the economies of Mediterranean countries. Italy’s 30,000 hotels are booked solidly every summer.And 13 million people camp out on French beaches,parks,and roadsides.Spain's long sandy coastline attracts more people than anywhere else.37 million tourists visit yearly,or one tourist for every pers on living in Spain. But there are signs that the area is getting more tourism than it can handle.The Mediterranean is already one of the most polluted seas on the earth.And with in— creased tourism’It’s getting worse.The French can’t figure out what to do with all the garbage left by campers around St.Tropez.And in many places,swimming is dan—

50

gerous because of pollution. None of this, however,is spoiling anyone’s fun.The Mediterranean gets more popular every year with tourists.Qbviously,they don’t go there for clean water and solitude(独处).They tolerate traffic jams and seem to like crowded beaches.Thev don’t even mind the pollution.No matter how dirty the water is,the coastline still looks beautiful.And as long as the sun shines,it’s still better than sitting in the cold rain in Berlin,London, or Oslo 53. The writer seems to imply that Europeans travel mostly for the reason that _______ . A.they want to see historic remains or religious spots B.they are interested in different cultural traditions and social customs C.they would like to take pictures in front of famous sites D.they wish to escape from the cold,dark and rainy days at home 54. Why cities like London, Copenhagen,and Amsterdam are mentioned in paragraph 2? A.To show that they are Ilot good cities in terms of geography and climate. B.To tdl us how wealthy their residents are. C.To suggest that these cities lack places 0f historic interest,and scenic beaut~ D.To prove that they have got more tourism.than they cart handle. 55. What does the underlined part in paragraph 3 mean ? A.Ail the 37 million people living in Spain are tourists. B.Every year the number of tourists to Spain almost equals that of the people living in the country. C.Every person living in Spain has to take care of a tourist. D.Every Spanish is visited by a tourist every year. 56. According to the passag,which of the following factors might spoil the tourists’fun at Mediterranean resorts and beaches? A.Polluted water. C.Traffic jams. B.Crowded buses. D.Rainy weather.

E
Any observant(善于观察的)person has noticed that a wild animal will allow a man or other potential enemies tO approach only up tO a given distance before it flees. “Flight distance”is the terms used for this interspecies spacing.As a general rule,there is a positive relationship between the size of an animal and its flight distance ——the larger the animal.the greater the distance it must keep between itself and the enemy.An antelope(羚羊)will flee when the enemy is as much as five hundred yards

51

away.The wall lizard’s(壁虎)flight distance,on the other hand is about six feet. Flight is the basic means of survival for mobile creatures. Critical distance is apparently present wherever and whenever there is a flight reaction. “Critical distance”includes the narrow zone separating flight distance from attack distance.A lion in a zoo will flee from an approaching man until it meets a barrier that it cannot overcome.If the man continues the approach,he soon penetrates(洞察) the 1ion?s criticaI distance.at which point the cornered lion reverses direction and be— gins slowly to walk angrily to the man. Social animals need to stay in touch with each other.Loss of contact with the group can be fatal for a variety of reasons including exposure to enemies.Social distance is not the simple distance at which an animal will lose contact with his group ——that is, the distance at which it can no longer see,hear,or smell the group——it is rather a psychological distance,one at which the animal apparently begins to feel anxious when he exceeds its limrs.We can think of it as a hidden band that contains the group. Social distance varies from species to species.It is quite short——apparently only a few yards among some animals,and quite long among others. Social distance is not always rigidly fixed but is determined in part by the situstion. When the young of apes and humans are mobile hut not yet under~eontrol of the mother?s voice,social distance may be the length of her reach.This is readily observed among the baboons(狒狒)in a zoo.When the baby approaches a certain point,the mother reaches out to seize the end of its tail and pullit back to her. When added control is needed because of danger , social distance shrinks.To show this in mall。one has only to watch a family with a number of small children holding hands as they cross a busy street. 57. Which of the following is the most apprapriate delinition of flight distance ? A.Distance between animals of the same species before fleeing. B.Distance between large and small animals before fleeing. C.Distance between an animal and its enemy before fleeing. D.Distance between certain animal species before fleeing. 58. If a lion sees its enemy in critical distance,it will ________ . A.begin to attack B.try to hide C.begin to jump D.ran away

59. The example of the children holding hands when crossing the street in the last paragraph shows ________ . A.social distance is not always needed B.there iS no social distance among sinail children

52

C.humans are different from animals in social distance D.social distance iS sometimes determined by outside factors 60. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A.Critical Distance C.Relationship between Animals B.Spacing in Animals D.Psychological Distance

四、阅读表达(每题 2 分;计 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据要求完成各题。 In Britain,just after the main television news programmes,audience figures rise. It?s weather forecast time. The BBC broadcasts forty-four live forecasts a day, 433 hours of weather a year, using forecasters from the Meteorological(气象的)Office. The Met Office foretells about the weather seven days in advance.These are based on observations from the ground,from satellites and from radar.The observations are stored in a computer that can do up to 4,000 million calculations a second. In Britain the weather is news.A television weather forecast often begins with an interesting fact—the town with the top temperature of the day or the place with the most rain. “The public like that kind of information。 ”says senior forecaster Bill Giles.The BBC forecasters are professional meteorologists,but they do not have an easy job.They are the only presenters on television who do not have a written text to refer to,and they cannot see the map that they are describing.Viewers are often critical(挑剔的),especially of female presenters.0ne woman left her iob after rude letters and newspaper reports about her clothes. The British talk about the weather more than ______________,so it is a surprise to discover that seventy percent of television viewers cannot remember what they saw on the weather forecasts. “What happens is that people like watching and hearing the forecasts, but they probably only take real notice when they need to——when they?re going on holiday or wondering what the weather will be like for the tennis at Wimbledon, ”says one forecaster. “Or,of course,when we make mistakes!” 1.What do people usually do after the main news programmes? _____________________________________________________________________________ 2.Where does the forecasters get the weather information? ____________________________________________________________________________ 3.Why does the author say BBC forecasters find their job difficult? _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.Please complete.the sentence in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases.(Please answer within 10 words.)

53

_____________________________________________________________________________ 5.Translate the underlined sentences in the first paragraph into Chinese. _____________________________________________________________________________ 五、单词拼写, (每题 2 分;计 10 分) 根据下列句子及所给的汉语注释,在句中横线上写出空缺处各单词的适当形式。 (每空只填一词) 1.At such a——(严肃)time,you are.not expected to tell jokes like that. 2.We regret to inform you that your _________ (申请)for the entry of our university is turned down. 3.If you want to extend your visa until next month,you will have to fill in the ——(表格)to give us your information in details. 4. Would you like to do me the——(恩惠)of helping me with the heavy box?I am really tired out. 5.——(移民)to our city are asked to have physical examinations the moment they enter the country. 6.The Chinese——(使馆)in Iraq helped rescue the fishermen arrested in the sea by the police. 7.A warm——(接待)was given to the experts from Tsing hua university. 8.He——(道歉)to us for his misunderstanding,which we think is not at a1l necessary. 9. In the interview,I was asked to broadcast an——(想象)football match to show my ability of bzoadcasting a match. 10.Some of the guests invited to the meeting were absent for——(某些)reasons. 五、翻译下列句子。 (每题 2 分;计 10 分) 1.根据统计,这个国家 80 %的人口是农民。

2.汤姆想到大街上去和朋友们一起玩足球,但他妈妈告诉他别去。

3.在世界上有些地方,去参加聚会时,如果你愿意的话,可以带礼物,但一定不可以带某 种颜色的花。

4.我很难想象他们四个爬到那么高的山上,在那里空气很少。

5.他通知我们都通过了驾驶考试,补充说每个人都做得很好。

六、写作, (计 30 分) 提示:请描述你第一次在同学面前发言的情景。

54

要求:词数在 120—150 之间。

Module 2
Section 1 词语荟萃(黑体,小二)
导与学(黑体小 3) (本模块 14—16 个重点单词、词组) 练与测 每日一读(一) 1 个完形填空, 2 个阅读理解

Section 2 课文学习
导与学(整体理解;细节理解;课文解析:课文中的长难句) 练与测 每日一读(二) 1 个完形填空, 2 个阅读理解

Section 3 文化广角
导与学(cultural corner 中的长难句) 练与测 每日一读(三) 1 个阅读表达, 2 个阅读理解

Section 4 功能提高
导与学(讲解本模块的语法) 练与测 每日一读(四) 1 个阅读表达,

2 个阅读理解

Section 5 模块小结(总结本模块中的重点词组、句型、句子及课文改写) Section 6 模块检测(无听力的一套综合题)
二、命制中册、全册两套检测题。 三、附全册习惯用语及固定搭配。

Module

X

Section 1 词语荟萃(黑体,小二)
导与学(黑体小 3) (本模块 14—16 个重点单词、词组) 练与测
55

每日一读(一)

1 个完形填空, 2 个阅读理解

Section 2 课文学习
导与学(整体理解;细节理解;课文解析:课文中的长难句) 练与测 每日一读(二) 1 个完形填空, 2 个阅读理解

Section 3 文化广角
导与学(cultural corner 中的长难句) 练与测 每日一读(三) 1 个阅读表达, 2 个阅读理解

Section 4 功能提高
导与学(讲解本模块的语法) 练与测 每日一读(四) 1 个阅读表达,

2 个阅读理解

Section 5 模块小结(总结本模块中的重点词组、句型、句子及课文改写) Section 6 模块检测(无听力的一套综合题)
二、命制中册、全册两套检测题。 三、附全册习惯用语及固定搭配。

56


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