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2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 写作强化练习3(新课标专用)Word版含解析


Test 3
Ⅰ.完形填空 Now that final exams are history, seem to have that extra bounce.After all, you winter __1__ awaits you.Get off that couch and begin the more productive life you should be

living __2__ our help. Spring Festival is a __3__ time to test the bonds of romance,say,with a trip to France.This idea came to Su Enlu and his girlfriend one day.They were talking about the __4__ of a weekend trip when Su said,halfjokingly,that they might just go to France. __5__ doing some online research and talking with people who’d been there,they decided to take the plunge.To prepare for it,they read French history and tested each other in __6__ French language. This has been one of the happiest __7__ in our threeyear relationship, said Su, 22a yearold English major at the University of International Business and Economics. Su saw no problem with asking his parents to __8__ the trip for about 10,000 yuan from each side.“I’m seizing the day, he said.“Later, ” when I have that __9__ money, might not have I time to enjoy it.” The couple__10__ been to foreign countries.But in order to secure a visa, went for travel they agency to take care of their __11__.Moreover,they asked friends who study in France to be their contact person and arrange some cheap __12__ during their stay abroad to save money as much as they can. Some students,like 19year- freshman Nan Zhichao,have decided to use the winter old holiday to get some __13__.Nan and a group of classmates are going on their own cycling tour of Hainan. The Huazhong University of Science and Technology Information major __14__ the whole project himself.From booking accommodations __15__ collecting mechanical supplies , to studying the weather forecast,to drawing out the route for each day,Nan worked hard to __16__ every detail was right. This trip is not only about pushing our limits,__17__ about looking for adventure,said Nan.“It’s also a testament to being adults,and part of a new generation of college students.” Now in Hainan,Nan’s team is pedaling __18__ in Tshirts and shorts,shedding some of the __19__ they gained during the fall semester,and strengthening the bond of their friendships.Said Nan, “We now know each other more than we used to, even __20__ months of living together.” 1.A.snow C.vacation 答案 C B.cold D.season

解析 寒假(vacation)在等着你们。 2.A.to C.at 答案 D 解析 你应该在我们的建议下(with one’s help)过寒假。 3.A.great C.useful 答案 A 解析 春节是考验恋人关系的好(great)时机,而不是坏的(bad),有用的(useful)和有帮助 的(helpful)时机。 4.A.choice C.break 答案 B 解析 他们正在谈论周末出游是否可行,也就是可能性(possibility)。 5.A.Before C.During 答案 D 解析 他们在网上做了一些研究,并且同身在那里的人交谈,之后(After)他们决定冒险一 试。 6.A.advanced C.middle 答案 B 解析 并用基本的(basic)法语对话来做训练,而不是高级的(advanced),中等的(middle) 和官方的(official)法语。 7.A.times C.months 答案 D 解析 这是我们在一起三年来最开心的时光(seasons)之一,因为是冬季,故用 seasons, 而不用时代(times),日子(days)和月份(months)。 8.A.carry C.hold 答案 B 解析 苏恩路认为,请自己父母各提供约万元的资金(fund)来支持这次旅行是可行的。 9.A.many C.few 答案 B 解析 今后有了这么多(much)一笔钱的时候,我可能没有时间去享受这样的旅行了。 10.A.have B.don’t B.much D.little B.fund D.bring B.days D.seasons B.basic D.official B.Within D.After B.possibility D.rest B.bad D.helpful B.for D.with

C.are 答案 D

D.haven’t

解析 他们二人之前没有(haven’t)出过国。 11.A.application C.plan 答案 A 解析 为了确保拿到签证,他们找到旅行社来处理他们的申请(application)。 12.A.food C.clothes 答案 B 解析 他们还要求安排便宜的食宿(accommodations),而不仅仅是食物(food),衣服 B.accommodations D.trip B.work D.job

(clothes)和旅行(trip)。 13.A.money C.exercise 答案 C 解析 他们决定利用寒假时间来进行一些体育锻炼(exercise)。 14.A.planned C.caught 答案 A 解析 这位就读于华中科技大学信息专业的学生独立策划(plan)了整个活动。 15.A.until C.for 答案 B 解析 从预定房间到(from??to??)整理机械装备,而不是时间直到(until),为了(for) 和在??地方(at)。 16.A.make free C.make sure 答案 C 解析 确保(make sure)每一个细节都没有偏差。 17.A.but for C.only also 答案 D 解析 这次旅行不只是为了提升我们的极限,而且(not only...but also)想寻找冒险。 18.A.on C.around 答案 C 解析 在海南到处骑行(pedal around)。 19.A.meat B.weight B.forward D.in B.as for D.but also B.make colorful D.make true B.to D.at B.changed D.led B.sleep D.help

C.flesh 答案 B

D.sweater

解析 这样不仅能够减掉秋季学期时囤积的体重(weight)。 20.A.after C.for 答案 A 解析 甚至比共同生活几个月之后(after)还要好。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 It was the summer of 1965.DeLuca, then 17, visited Peter Buck, family friend.Buck asked a DeLuca about his plans for the future.“I’m going to college,but I need a way to pay for it,” DeLuca recalls saying.“Buck said,‘You should open a sandwich shop.’” That afternoon,they agreed to be partners.And they set a goal:to open 32 stores in ten years.After doing some research,Buck wrote a check for $1000.DeLuca rented a storefront(店面) in Connecticut, when they couldn’t cover their start- costs, and up Buck kicked in another $1000. But business didn’t go smoothly as they expected.DeLuca says,“After six months,we were doing poorly,but we didn’t know how badly,because we didn’t have any financial controls.” All he and Buck knew was that their sales were lower than their costs. DeLuca was managing the store and going to the University of Bridgeport at the same time.Buck was working at his day job as a nuclear physicist in New York.They’d meet Monday evenings and brainstorm ideas for keeping the business running.“We convinced ourselves to open a second store.We figured we could tell the public,‘We are so successful,we are opening a second store.’” And they did—in the spring of 1966.Still,it was a lot of learning by trial and error. But the partners’ learn- you- approach turned out to be their greatest strength.Every as- go Friday,DeLuca would drive around and handdeliver the checks to pay their suppliers.“It probably took me two and a half hours and it wasn’t necessary,but as a result,the suppliers got to know me very well,and the personal relationships established really helped out,” DeLuca says. And having a goal was also important.“There are so many problems that can get you down.You just have to keep working toward your goal,” DeLuca adds. DeLuca ended up founding Subway Sandwich,the multimilliondollar restaurant chain. 1.DeLuca opened the first sandwich shop in order to ________. A.support his family B.pay for his college education C.help his partner expand business D.do some research 答案 B 解析 根据第一段“I’m going to college,but I need a way to pay for it.”可知 DeLuca 开 B.in D.over

三明治店的初衷是赚钱供自己上大学。 2.Which of the following is TRUE of Buck? A.He put money into the sandwich business. B.He was a professor of business administration. C.He was studying at the University of Bridgeport. D.He rented a storefront for DeLuca. 答案 A 解析 根据第二段“Buck wrote a check for $1000.”和“Buck kicked in another $1000.” 可知一直是 Buck 提供资金。 3.What can we learn about their first shop? A.It stood at an unfavorable place. B.It lowered the prices to promote sales. C.It made no profits due to poor management. D.It lacked control over the quality of sandwiches. 答案 C 解析 根据第三段可知 C 项正确。 4.They decided to open a second store because they ________. A.had enough money to do it B.had succeeded in their business C.wished to meet the increasing demand of customers D.wanted to make believe that they were successful 答案 D 解析 根据第四段“We convinced ourselves to open a second store.We figured we could tell the public,‘We are so successful,we are opening a second store.’”可知应选 D 项。 5.What contribute most to their success according to the author? A.Learning by trial and error. B.Making friends with suppliers. C.Finding a good partner. D.Opening chain stores. 答案 A 解析 根据第四段最后一句和第五段第一句可知他们是摸着石头过河, 从失败中不断总结 经验教训的。 Ⅲ.微写作 写作素材 1.Stewart 认为,挑战自我永远为时不晚。 2.1936 年他获得医学博士学位。 3.80 多岁时他决定学习法律。 4.他于 2006 年获得硕士学位。

(素材来源于 2012· 广东· 基础写作) 提示:尽量使用高级表达:never too...to...等。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) Stewart thinks it is never too late to challenge oneself.In 1936 he got his doctor’s degree of medicine.He decided to study law in his eighties and got the master’s degree in 2006.

1.secure adj.安全的 v.使安全 security n.安全 secure...from/against 保护??免于?? a sense of security 安全感 2.contact n.联系;接触 v.联系 get/keep/stay in contact with 和??保持联系 lose contact with 和??失去联系 help of 在??帮助下 4.This idea came to Su Enlu and his girlfriend one day.类似句子: An idea occurred_to me. An idea hit_me. An idea struck_me. I hit_on/struck_on an idea. An idea came_to my mind. 5.All he and Buck knew was that their sales were lower than their costs. 该句虽不长,但结构较复杂。句子的主干是 All_was_that_their_sales_were_lower。主语中 包含一个省去连词 that 的定语从句 he_and_Buck_knew,that 引导表语从句,在该从句中 包含一个比较结构 lower than。 学会一种单词记忆法 3.构词记忆:利用构词法,通过分析词根、前缀、后缀、派生和合成等记忆单词。 4.分类记忆:把单词进行分类, 如:动物,植物等,进行分类记忆。你可以找一本分类字 典作为参考。 如何做说明文类型的完形填空 1.分清说明对象,对症下药 做说明文型完形填空时, 要注意它的说明对象是什么, 是具体的实物还是理论性的概念。 一般来说,在描述具体的实物时往往比较直观形象,我们很容易在头脑中产生所描述物 体的影像,所以对文章的理解就比较容易;而在描述理论性的概念时,往往比较抽象, 理解难度大。 2.把握说明顺序,顺藤摸瓜 说明文的说明顺序有如下几种:时间顺序、空间顺序、逻辑顺序、认识顺序等。 (1)时间顺序是指先后顺序。 (2)空间顺序是指从局部到整体、从上到下、从内到外的顺序。 (3)逻辑顺序是指先因后果或先果后因、先主后次的顺序。 make contact with 和??取得联系 in/out of contact 有/无联系 with the 3.help out 帮助 it cannot be helped 实在无办法 cannot help but do 不得不做??

(4)认识顺序是指由此及彼、由浅入深、由现象到本质、由具体到抽象的顺序。 做题时弄清了说明顺序,按顺序思考,就不会偏离主题而出现理解上的偏差。 3.代入空格,验证答案 完成了上两步后,别忘了还有“润色”。这里所说的“润色”是指:我们要回过头来, 依据文章的内容,将我们选择的答案代入空格,看一下我们所选的答案是否符合逻辑。 要注意的是, 有时我们的答案针对这一空是对的, 但很可能这一步应该是下一步要做的。 这样我们就要进行调整,直到文章上下通顺,步骤先后顺序清晰明了为止。如本节完形 填空中的第 12 空 Moreover, asked friends who study in France to be their contact person they and arrange some cheap __12__ during their stay abroad to save money as much as they can. 句意:而且,他们还要求在法国学习的朋友作他们的联系人,安排一些便宜的________ 以便为了尽可能地省钱。只有答案 B 正确,“他们还安排了便宜的食宿 (accommodations)”,而不仅仅是食物(food),衣服(clothes)和旅行(trip),food 和 clothes 都是 accommodations 所包括的内容,故 accommodations 更全面。


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