Learning aims: 1.To comprehend the text and find out what we can do for burns. 2.To train the skills of reading by scanning and skimming 3. To cherish (珍爱) our life and try our best to help o
thers when they are in danger.
3．bleed vi. & vt.流血→bled (过去式)→bled (过去分词) →blood n.→bloody adj.
4．poison n．毒药；毒害 vt.毒害；使中毒→poisonous
5．variety n．变化；多样(化)；多变(性)→various adj.各
种各样的→vary v．变化 6．mild adj.轻微的；温和的；温柔的→mildly adv.轻微 地；温和地 7. electric adj. → electricity n.
8．swell vi. & vt.(使)膨胀；隆起→swelled → swollen
→ swelling n.→ swollen adj.肿胀的
9. infection n.→infect v.→infectious adj.
10．tight adj.牢的；紧的；紧密的→tightly adv.紧地
adv.坚固地；稳定地 12．treat vt. & vi.治疗；对待；款待 n．款待；招待 →treatment n．治疗；疗法；对待；待遇 13．apply vt.涂；应用；运用 vi.申请；使用；有效
→applicant n．申请人→application n．申请(书)
14．pressure n．压力；挤压；压迫(感) → press v.
3．get burned 烧伤 4．electric shock 触电；电休克 5．squeeze out 榨出；挤出
6．over and over again 反复；多次
8．in place 在适当的位置；适当
9．a number of 若干；许多
10．put one’s hands on 找到 11．make a difference 区别对待；有影响；起(重要) 作用
Warming up and reading
What happened just now?
What will you do in such a situation?
There were 760,327 traffic accidents in China last year, resulting in 106,367 deaths. 71.16% of the deaths were due to the lack of timely first aid.
First aid is important for the victims (受害 者）, and necessary for us to learn about.
First aid is a ____________________ temporary form of help given to someone who suddenly _______ or __________ before a falls ill gets injured doctor can be found. Often the illness _____ or ______ is not_______, but there injury serious are other times when giving ________________will save ______ . lives first aid quickly
What situation can you think of that needs first aid?
a snake bite
a sprained ankle
a broken arm
a bloody nose
vi. 流血;失血 vt. 给(某人)放血
> bled bled n. 血;血统
bloody adj. 出血的;血染的;血腥的 sprain vt. 扭伤 sprained adj. 扭伤的 choke vt. & vi. (使)噎住;(使)窒息
How much do you know about First Aid ?
Are you familiar with the following numbers?
110 119 120
Medical emergency(急救) centre
1. The best way to treat a sprained ankle is to: A. Put some ice on your ankle. B. Put a heating pad(垫子)around your ankle. C. Keep on walking and jumping.
2. If you get a nosebleed, gently let your head back to stop the bleeding.
A. True B. False
(It may lead the blood into
the throat and easily cause choking.)
3. To treat a burn, you should:
A. Rub(擦)some butter on it.
B. Hold the burnt part under cold running water. C. Put salt on the burnt part.
4. To treat a choke, you should make him /her spit by patting him/her on the back.
5. To treat a bleeding, you should put a bandage on the wound and apply pressure to reduce the bleeding.
A. True B. False
6. To treat a broken arm, you:
A. move the broken bone in no time.
B. keep the arm still using a sling to support the broken arm
Look at the picture on the left. What has happened? The girl has pulled boiling water onto herself. Can you guess what will happen to the girl? She will get bad burns.
How will her mother deal with the burn?
Now quickly read about “First Aid for Burns”taken from a book called First
Aid for the Family
Read the text and finish the following questions.
1. What is the main idea of the text ? It is about causes, types, characteristics of burns and first aid treatment for burns.
> In which order are these topics covered in the text? Number them from 1 to 5.
_____ the three types of burns 3 _____ what to do if someone gets burned 5 _____ the purpose of skin 1 _____ the symptoms of burns 4 _____ how we get burns 2
1. Our skin has three layers.
2. We will never get burned by the sun.
3. Burns are divided into three degrees according to the degree of pain. 4. Third degree burns are the most serious and painful. 5. Put cool water on any burns to cool them. 6. Don’t rub the burns 7. It’s better that you put some butter or oil on 25 burns.
The skin is an essential part of your body and its largest organ You have three layers of skin __________(which/ what) act as a barrier which against disease, poisons and the sun's harmful rays. The functions of your skin are also very complex: it keeps you warm or cool; it prevents from ________ your body __________(保护你的身体 免受) losing too much water; it where is_______(which/ where/that) you feel cold, heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch. So as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first step in the _______ of burns. treatment
> Causes of burns get burned You can ____________(烫伤) by a variety of things: hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation (by being close to high heat or fire, etc), the sun, electricity or chemicals. Types of burns There are three types of burns. Burns are called first, Depending on second or third degree burns, __________________(取决 于)which layers of the skin are burned. ◎ First degree burns These affect only the top layer of the skin. These burns are not serious and should feel better within a day or two. Examples include mild sunburn and burns___________________ (通过接触)a hot pan, stove or caused by touching iron for a moment. ◎ Second degree burns These affect both the top and the second layer of the skin. These burns are serious and ______________________________.(用几周的时间来恢复) take a few weeks to heal Examples include severe sunburn and burns caused by hot liquids. ◎ Third degree burns These affect all three layers of the skin and any tissue and organs under the skin. Examples 27 include burns caused by ____________,(电击) burning electric shocking clothes, or severe petrol fires. These burns cause very severe injuries and the victim must go to hospital at once.
Characteristics of burns First degree burns ◎ dry, red and mildly ___________ swollen ◎ mildly painful ◎ turn white when pressed Second degree burns ◎ rough, red and swollen blisters ◎ _________ ◎ watery surface ◎ extremely painful Third degree burns ◎ black and white and charred ◎ swollen; often tissue under them can be seen ◎ little or no pain if nerves are damaged ___________; may be pain around 28 edge of injured area.
First aid treatment if necessary 1 Remove clothing using scissors ___________(如果有必要) unless it is stick to _________(粘住) the burn. Take off other clothing and jewellery near the burns. 2 Cool burns immediately with cool but not icy water. It is best to __________________(最好是)place burns under gently running water for about 10 minutes. (The cool water stops the burning process, prevents the pain becoming unbearable and reduces swelling.) Do not put cold water on third degree burns. 3 For first degree burns, place cool, clean, wet cloths on them until the pain is not so bad. For second degree burns, keep cloths cool sqeezing them out by putting them back in a basin of cold water, _______________(拧 干) and placing them on the burned area _______________(反反复 over and over again 复) for about an hour until the pain is not so bad.
4 Dry the burned area gently. Do not rob, as this may break any blisters and the wound may ______________.(感染) get infected 5 Cover the burned area with a dry, clean bandage that will not stick in place to the skin. Hold the bandage _______(在恰当位置)with tape. Never put butter, oil or ointment on burns as they keep the heat in the wounds and may cause infection. 6 If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the if possible heart,_____________. (如果有可能) If burns are on the face, the sit up victim should ____________.(坐起来) 7 If the injuries are second or third degree burns, it is vital to _________________(很重要的是)get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.
Life is precious
We should care about others , and help people in an emergency. Try our best to give them effective first aid if they are in danger.
Read the text carefully and pick out the most important sentences and write them down.