、 .~ ① 我们‖打〈败〉了敌人。 ②我们‖〔把敌人〕打〈败〉了。
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雅思听力讲义 雅思听力讲义 听力
主讲： 主讲：北京新东方学校 彭新松
1,学习英语的基本方法 2,考试与技巧 3,计划 4,机经 学习英语的基本方法 考试与技巧 计划 机经 1, 如何习得英语 学习英语的 5 个方面: 听,说,读,写,译. 其中读和听是基础,而读是最基础的,是习得的主要方法 2,四门考试之间的关系 四门考试之间的关系 听,读---被动 说,写---主动 听,读---平均分比
说,写---高半分 SOUNDS-SYLLABLES-WORDS-PHRASES-SENTENCES-PARAGRAPHS-PASSAG ES 语音-词汇-语法-记忆-走神 同时,听懂的过程正好是说的逆过程 3,问题及解决问题方法 问题及解决问题方法 1,语音 语音: 语音 1)48 个基本音素 英语与汉语发音的不同/元音/辅音/易混音 2)吞音和连读 相邻辅音,前者有口型不送气/例外 一般连读/辅音连读/元音连读/例外 3)口音和语调 英音/美音/澳音/杂音 句子重音/单词重音/结构与节奏 1),2),3)问题的解决方案 问题的解决方案 纠音: 1,学过的配有磁带的 3-5 篇课文 2,录下自己的声音,与磁带反复对比,模仿 3,同性的声音 4)读音规则 一个字母组合发不同的音 不同的字母组合发同一个音 读音规则问题的解决方案 1, 找到读音规则 2, 多举不同的例子 2,词汇 词汇: 词汇 1)内涵和外延 不要只记一个意思,否则在其它地方遇到就不认识了 2)用法 要记住单词的语境,否则即便记住了也不会用 3)同义词 听说读写都需要同义词 听力中有 20-40%的题目需要听同义词 4)派生词 熟悉单词:词根/词缀 3,语法 语法: 语法
1)句子结构 只有抓住句子结构才能抓住完整的含义. 2)代词还原 这需要我们更强的短时记忆 3)动词形式的含义 熟悉动词的含义以及每一种形式的含义 词汇和语法问题解决方案 快速阅读: 1,每天 1-2 篇学过的课文(10+遍) 2,养成抓句子结构的习惯 3,180+WPM 4,记忆 听写 记忆---听写 记忆 1)单句 2)边听边写和听完再写 3)两遍一句 5,走神 走神: 走神 1)边听边走---听着玩 每一部分犯的错误都不少 2)先走后不走---躺着听 S1 没有进入状态 S2 刚刚开始 S3,S4 比前面两部分好 3)先不走后走---边听边译 S1 不走神 S2 累了,开始走神 S3,S4 太累了一直在走神 4)自信 听力考的是短时记忆 听到:写,选 听不到:放弃 走神问题的解决方案 不要: 1)听着玩 2)躺着听 3)时间长或间断 4)看着原文听 5)听太难的材料(新闻) 6)犹豫
考试介绍 I 考试题型 1,常考题型 常考题型 1,表格题:个人信息表格/有横纵轴的表格/表格中的完成句子 2,完成句子: 1)单句填空 2)提纲填空 3)总结填空 3,问答题 前三种题型需要我们边听边写的能力 4,选择题 1)单选 2)多选 选择题需要我们边听边读的能力 2,次常考题型 次常考题型 1,地图题:选字母/写地名 需要方向感 2,搭配题 需要边听边读/抽象思维 3,不常考题型 不常考题型 1,判断改错题:判断/判断改错 1)肯,否定词 2)专有名词 3)数字 2,图画题:识图能力 3,图例题:工作原理 4,推理题:演绎推理 4,综合题型 综合题型 1,表格+判断改错 2,表格+多选 3,表格+搭配 II 常考场景 1,SURVIVAL 1)住宿 2)家乡 3)度假 4)活动 2,ACADEMIC:新生入学 图书馆 新生入学/图书馆 新生入学 ---上述 6 个话题一般在 S1 和 S2 出现,比较简单,因为都是介绍性的话题 S3 1)作业
2)研究 3)选课 S4 讲课 III 评分标准 1, 13-16=4.5-5 17-23=5.5-6 24-30=6.5-7 31-35=7.5-8 2, 写答案注意事项 1) 拼写不能出现错误,但是英美拼写均可接受 2) 答案要完整 3) 不能重复题干中已知信息 4) 不要超过字数要求 5) 相似答案只能写一个 6) 答案可以写标准缩写 7) 数字、金钱可以写各种符号 IV 计划 1, 每天计划 1)30 分钟/次 2)2-4 次/天 2, 1 个月计划 使用剑桥系列 3,4,5 册 1)熟悉题型 2)列出错误清单 3)听写 4)预测 5)适应考试(考试前 2 周): 心理(8.45 听力/9.25 阅读/10.30 写作) 生理(饮食/主场作战) 3, 2 个月计划 加上雅思听力特训 比一般考试难 5 题左右,能够发现更多问题,考试能够避免更多错误 4, 3-6 个月计划 加上 LISTEN TO THIS 半本/月(初级:5-6.5;中级 7-8.5)
PRACTICE TEST 1
LISTENING PRACTICE TEST 1 NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: 40 APPROX. TIME: 30 MINUTES Instructions You will hear a number of conversations and talks and you must answer questions on what you hear. The conversations are recorded and you will have time to read the instructions and questions, and to check your work. The tape will be played ONCE only. The test is organised in 4 sections. You can write your answers on the question paper and at the end of the test you will be given time to transfer your answers to an answer sheet. Section 1 Questions 1 - 10 Questions 1 - 3 Choose the correct letters A - D. Example Sergeant Brown is going to speak about A comfort. B safety. C the police. D Mr Fogerty. 1 Sergeant Brown is A the community patrol officer. B the university security officer. C the community police adviser. D the university liaison officer. 2 Sergeant Brown A lives locally and is not married. B lives on the campus and has two daughters. C has a son at the university. D doesn't live on the campus with his daughters. 3 Sergeant Brown has been a police officer for A 5 years.
B 10 years. C 15 years. D 20 years. Questions 4 - 6 Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. 4 The most dangerous place around the campus is ________ . 5 The most dangerous place in town is ________ . 6 It is dangerous because of ________ . Questions 7 - 8 Choose TWO letters A - E. Which TWO items should a student always carry? A a personal alarm B valuables C a passport D jewellery E some identification Questions 9 - 10 Choose TWO letters A - E. Which TWO things does Sergeant Brown recommend a student should do? A walk home in pairs B use public transport C drive home D not carry a lot of cash E arrange to be home at a certain time Section 2 Questions 11-20 Questions 11 - 13 Choose THREE letters A - E. What are John and Sarah discussing? A the amount of work in the second year B the importance of medieval history C studying material in a different language D when their exams will finish E the level of work in the second year Questions 14 and 15 Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
14 Why is Sarah working in the market? ________________________________________________________________________ 15 How many courses must John and Sarah choose? ________________________________________________________________________ Questions 16 - 20 Write A NUMBER or NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each space. Course Medieval Society Development of Technology The Crusades I The Crusades II Peasants Kings and Credits 20 20 10 10 ________ (16) Tutor Dr Smith Mr Mills ________ (19) Dr Shaker & Professor Lord Dr Reeves Recommended reading Study pack Bouchier's '________' (18) Allison & McKay's The First Crusades' Mallen's 'A General History of the Crusades' Hobart's 'Introduction to the Middle Ages' Requirements ________ (17) None French French ________ (20)
Section 3 Questions 21 - 30 Questions 21 - 25 Choose the correct letters A - C 21 Dr Mullet was particularly impressed by Fayed's A final year dissertation. B personal tutor. C exam results. 22 After he took his exams, Fayed felt A nervous. B anxious. C happy. 23 Dr Mullet accepts people for the MA course because of A their exam results. B their ability to play games. C a variety of reasons. 24 What did Fayed initially go to university to Study? A economics. B booms and crashes. C history. 25 The course Fayed is applying for is concerned with A the developing world. B the development of banks. C the economics of work.
Questions 26 - 30 Complete Dr Mullet's notes on his interview with Fayed in NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each space. INTERVIEW WITH FAYED Worried! Far from his country. ________ (26) ? Will go to study in ________ (27) if not accepted here. After university wants to work ________ (28). Now going to visit ________ (29). My decision - when? ________ (30) 选择题的解题思路 1、扫描题干，划出核心词 2、听时综合扫描选项 3、用核心词定位，听到什么选什么 4、抄完答案之后检查 ①同义相斥 ②相反的有一个是对的 ③常识 选择题的解题技巧 1、听到词就选 2、结合核心词 3、生词原则 Section 4 Questions 31 - 40 Questions 31 - 35 Complete each sentence with NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. 31 The public has more knowledge of vitamins than other parts ________ . 32 The public doesn't always eat ________ . 33 There is a widespread belief that Vitamin C can ________ . 34 Vitamin A helps you see ________ . 35 Many people wrongly think that taking vitamin supplements can ________ . 完成句子题的注意事项： 1、扫描题干，划出核心词，注意空格前后 2、判断所需句子成分及词性 3、注意核心词同义词替换，句子结构变化的情况 用核心词定位占 50%，用同义词替换的占 30%，句子结构定位为 0%-5% 4、注意简写答案，再补全 在听写的时候练习 5、检查答案的词性 总结起来就是：读、猜、听、写、查
本套题答案： Listening Test 1 You will hear a number of different recordings and you have to answer questions on what you hear. There will be time for you to read the instructions and you will have a chance to check your answers. The test is in four sections. Record all your answers in your test book and at the end of the test you will be given 10 minutes to transfer your answers to a special answer sheet. Now turn to Section 1. ____________ Section 1 —————— You will hear a policeman giving a talk to some students. First you will have some time to look at questions 1 to 6 (pause for 30 seconds). You will see that there has been an example written for you. On this occasion only the conversation relating to the example will be played first (listen to example). Sergeant Brown is going to speak about safety, so answer B has been circled on the question page. Now we will begin. You should answer the questions as you listen, as you will not hear the recording a second time. Listen to the talk carefully and answer questions 1 to 6. [Mr Fogarty:] ... and so I'd like to hand you over now to Sergeant Brown. Thank you. [Sergeant Brown:] Thank you, Mr Fogarty. Er, yes, as you know my name is Sergeant Jeff Brown, and as Mr Fogarty has indicated, I'll be speaking to you briefly today about security (example), about how to make your time at this university safer and more comfortable. I am officially the university liaison officer (Q1), which means I have a specific brief to act as a go-between for the university and the police, if there are problems, and also to offer an official presence on or around campus and give individuals advice if they need it. Now, my job is very important to me. I take security and reducing the threat of crime on this campus very seriously because, although I don't actually live on the campus, both my daughters attended this university, and my son is still here (Q2). So I am a local policeman in every respect. I have been the university liaison officer for the last five years but I have been in the police force for 15 in all (Q3). Now, on to some advice. The first thing I want to stress is that this university is a comparatively safe place to live. We have had no serious crimes here in the five years I've been here. In fact, crime of any sort is very rare on the campus. We have good security here and although there are a lot of staff and students, the security staff, including myself, are making an effort to get to know your faces! However, as students it is of course wise for you to take precautions to protect yourselves against
crime when you are off the campus. As I said, the campus itself is really very safe, but there is a large park right behind it, MacGowan Fields (Q4), and although this is a beautiful place to sit or walk during the day, at night you must be careful. One or two students have reported unpleasant incidents at night while walking in the park, although it must be said that no major incidents have been reported. Now, there are no areas in town which I advise students to avoid as a general rule, but the town centre (Q5) is more hazardous than other areas, especially in the evenings on Friday and Saturday. On these days there is often fighting after people have had too much to drink in the pubs and clubs in the area. There have also been a number of robberies and muggings (Q6). Before the talk continues you have some time to read questions 7 to 10 (pause for 20 seconds). Now listen carefully and answer questions 7 to 10. Well, that was my advice to you. Most of it is common sense but remember crime always happens when you least expect it. But there are ways to protect yourself. First of all, the university provides all students with personal alarms (Q7). If you are attacked, you can use this to put off your attacker. Secondly, don't take anything with you that cannot easily be replaced like a passport or things of sentimental value. Leave jewellery and other valuables in your room when you go out. Always make sure you take something which will identify you (Q8), perhaps your student card or your driving licence. Thirdly, when you are out late at night, come home in twos (Q9). It's much safer if you're with a friend than on your own. And obviously, don't have very much money on you (Q10). Finally, if you do know you'll be late back and can't use public transport, tell someone else when you expect to be home and if there's a problem, they can raise the alarm. So, that's about all from me and I wish you a pleasant and safe stay here. Thank you. That is the end of Section 1. You will have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). Now turn to Section 2. ____________ Section 2 —————— You will hear two students, Sarah and John discussing their choices of courses to study. First you have some time to look at questions 11 to 15 (pause for 30 seconds). Now listen carefully to the discussion and answer questions 11 to 15. Sarah: Hi, John John: Hello, Sarah. What are you doing in here? Haven't all you exams finished? Sarah: Well, yes, they have, but I've got to make my decisions for next year. I still haven't chosen what courses I'm going to do. John: That's why I'm here. Why don't we have a look through the brochure together? Sarah: That's a good idea. I'm not sure about some of these courses on medieval history. John: No. In fact, I'm not sure about the whole second year. I was talking to Peter Lily the other
day - you know, he's just finished the second year - and he was saying that the work load is higher in (Q11) the second year because you have to read all these medieval documents in Latin (Q12). I mean, the first year's been pretty hard but next year will be worse. There are more assignments in the second year - it goes up to six a year for each course, doesn't it? Sarah: Yes But we've got the experience of the first year to build on, so it must get easier. And there isn't so much secondary material in the second year. There aren't so many books about the medieval period. John: Don't you believe it! I think this year's going to be hard work (Q13)! Sarah: Well, perhaps I'd better give up my job then. John: You're working as well? Sarah: Yeah, I've been working in the same place for over a year now. Only part-time, you know. Just Saturday mornings in the market. I mean, it doesn't pay much, but it's interesting and it gives me a bit of extra cash for my text books (Q14). Anyway, what about these courses? How many do we have to take? I remember Professor bolt saying something about four courses in the second year, is that right? Or do we have to do a certain number of credits? John: Both. We have to select four courses (Q15), but for some courses there are two parts. They count as one course. It's six in total, because everyone has to do Europe 1100-1500 and Chronicles of the Church. Anyway, when you've chosen your four courses, they should add up to 80 credits. Have you got the course brochure there? Sarah: Yes. Look ... under ... second year history ... There it is. You now have some time to read questions 16 to 20 (pause for 20 seconds). Now listen to the rest of the discussion and answer questions 16 to 20. John: Right. Yes, look. Most of these courses are 20 credits each, except for the two short courses about the Crusades (Q16). They're 10 each. Now, Medieval Society ... Hmm. What do you think? Sarah: Well, actually, I think it looks really good. Dr Smith is OK, and you don't have to buy any books except a study pack. The best thing is, there are no special requirements (Q17) - no Latin or medieval English! John: The next one is Development of Technology with Mr Mills. Ah ... this is a good one. Peter recommended it. It's all about the way printing developed, and early science. In fact, I think I could get a copy of Bouchier's 'History of Science' (Q18) from him. That means I wouldn't have to buy it. Sarah: That does look interesting. And that doesn't have any special requirements either. What's next ...? Ah, here they are. 10 credits each, the Crusades. You need French to do them. I suppose a lot of the documents are in French. John: That's strange - look. There are different teachers for each part. I expect that's why it's two modules. Dr Clare does the first part (Q19), but it's Dr Shaker and Professor Lord for the second one. Sarah: So that only leaves Peasants and Kings, with Dr Reeves. ... Oh, look, you have to know French (Q20) for this one. John: Well, I must say I don't fancy any course that asks you to have Latin, but I think my French is good enough to read original sources.
Sarah: Yes, mine too. Well, what shall we choose? That is the end of Section 2. You will have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). Now turn to Section 3. ____________ Section 3 —————— You will hear an interview between Dr Mullet, a university lecturer and a student, Fayed. First you have some time to look at questions 21 to 25 (pause for 30 seconds). Now listen carefully to the interview and answer questions 21 to 25. Dr Mullet: So, Fayed, you found my office quite easily. Fayed: Yes, thank you. Dr Mullet: Thank you for coming such a long way for the interview. I believe you are from the Middle East. Now, Fayed, I really wanted to speak to you during this interview about two things your exam results and your final-year dissertation. Your thesis, your dissertation, that was something quite special. Your personal tutor actually sent me a copy, and I must say that for a third year undergraduate it's a very polished piece of work. Fayed: Thank you. Dr Mullet: Yes, it's very promising (Q21). Now, the thing is, you tutor tells me that you weren't all that happy with your exams ... Fayed: Well ... The results aren't out yet, as you know. The first four were fine, but in the last three I lost my nerve a bit and didn't do so well. I know I didn't do as well as I could. I was worried (Q22) when I'd handed in my exams. Dr Mullet: Right. Well, exams are a bit of a game anyway. We can't all do well on the day. But here exam results are not everything, as you know - I set great store by other factors in deciding whether we offer you a place on the Master's course (Q23). Perhaps you could tell me a little about how you became interested in economics. Fayed: Yes, of course. Well, I've always been interested in social and economic history, so from a very young age I read about the booms and crashes of the 19th and 20th centuries. I originally applied to study history at university (Q24), but when I got there I realised I had the chance to study economics at a high level, so I changed. My mother used to be an economist at the World Bank, so I had her to help me and guide me. Although she didn't help me write my final-year paper! Dr Mullet: No, quite. Now, you're applying for the Master's course in the Economics of the Developing World (Q25), taught by myself and Dr Branigan. Why this particular course? Fayed: Well, I've read some of your work on-the development of rural banks and I thought this was a good place to be. I mean, this is my first choice. Now you have some time to read questions 26 to 30 (pause for 20 seconds).
Now listen to the rest of the interview and answer questions 26 to 30. Dr Mullet: And you're not worried about feeling homesick? You are still young, and Australia is a very long way from your home (Q26). I mean, your English is fine, there are no problems with language or attitude, but the distance from your family may make it hard for you at first. Fayed: I've thought about that. But it's a problem wherever I go. If I don't get in here, I'll probably take a place at a university in England (Q27). That's just as far from home! Dr Mullet: I see, I see. And what are your long-term ambitions, Fayed? What do you want to do ultimately with your Qualifications and your life? Fayed: I want to work in my country (Q28). You know there are some problems there, and I want to try to right some of them in the economic infrastructure. Dr Mullet: I see. And this is your last interview, I believe. That gives you four weeks before the next term starts. What will you do during your holidays? Fayed: Oh, I'm going to relax. I was going to work on my English, but in fact I've got a couple of friends in Hamburg, so I think I'll go and stay with them (Q29) instead as I've never been to Germany. Dr Mullet: I see. Well, Fayed, as you know I can't give you a decision right away. However, I can tell you that you've made quite an impression with your application, and I think you should not worry too much about the place. My decision will be made tomorrow (Q30) after I've seen the last candidate, and I'll let you know within the next two weeks. Fayed: Thank you very much. Dr Mullet: Well, thank you for attending the interview. That is the end if Section 3. You now have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). Now turn to Section 4. ____________ Section 4 —————— You will hear a lecturer give a talk on nutrition. First you have some time to look at questions 31 to 40 (pause for 40 seconds). Now listen carefully to the talk and answer questions 31 to 40. Now, the topic of today's talk is nutrition - specifically, vitamins and minerals. I'll be dealing first with some of the most common misconceptions about them. Then I'm going to talk about what vitamins there are, where they come from, and the quantities we need. We'll have some time at the end of the talk for any questions you may have. OK Well, vitamins are known to the general public - in fact, the public knows more about them than it does about certain other key aspects of nutrition (Q31). One reason for this is that vitamins have been in the public eye for quite a while - at least since the middle of the 20th century, when their importance first became widely recognised. This awareness does mean that the public knows how important vitamins are - even if it doesn't mean that we all eat a healthy diet all the time
(Q32). However, a problem does arise that is associated with this, which is the number of old wives' tales about vitamins. Usually these fallacies are not dangerous, but they do lead to an unnecessarily high intake of vitamin supplements. For example, it is widely held that high doses of vitamin C will cure colds and flu (Q33). I'd like to hit this one on the head - there is no evidence that any vitamin can cure anything! No, I'm afraid you'll just have to let time sort out your cold. And of course, the body can't store vitamin C, so those tablets you take are just an expensive waste of time. Another common belief with no evidence is the idea that vitamin A helps you see in the dark (Q34). Actually, there is some truth in this one, because vitamin A is necessary for good vision. But in the dark, in real darkness, nobody can see. And of course, taking too much vitamin A can actually be bad for you. But perhaps the most misleading idea, heavily promoted by certain companies, is that vitamins will make you intelligent (Q35). Now, while a healthy diet is essential if you are to make the most of your intelligence, there is no evidence whatsoever that vitamin supplements can make the slightest bit of difference (pause for 3 seconds). So what can vitamins do? Or, perhaps more accurately, why do we need them? Well, the answer is that we need them for all sorts of reasons. Vitamin A, for example, also called retinol, is essential for good eyesight, especially at night, and to help us fight off (Q36) infection and illness. We get it from liver, butter, egg yolks and milk. Vitamin D, as is well known, is used to build strong teeth (Q37) and bones, but it also helps us absorb calcium. Vitamin D is mainly formed in the skin through the action of sunlight. How much you need depends on different factors such as age and health. Vitamin E, tocopherol, is less well-known, but is necessary in maintaining a healthy balance of fats in the body. We need 10-12 mg (Q38) every day, and although some people take supplements, you can normally get what you need from a balanced diet. The B complex includes vitamins B1, thiamine, B2, riboflavine, B6, pyridoxine and B12, cyanocobalamin. It performs many functions, including allowing our bodies to metabolise carbohydrates, forming healthy tissue, and perhaps most importantly, forming red blood cells (Q39) to prevent pernicious anaemia. We need varying amounts of the B complex, and while most of us can get enough from a well-balanced diet, vegetarians may find themselves deficient in B12, which is only found in any noticeable quantity in meat, especially liver. Finally, vitamin C is the one everyone knows. Ascorbic acid, as it's also known, helps fight infection, which perhaps accounts for the myth about preventing colds. It also helps protect against scurvy. We need 30 mg a day, and can only really get this amount from eating plenty of citrus fruit (Q40) and fresh vegetables. Now, in a moment I'll be moving on to talk about how we can plan a diet which will supply all our vitamin needs. But before that, I'd like to look at some of the recent advances in our knowledge of the ways vitamin deficiencies can affect us ... (fade) That is the end of Section 4. You will have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). That is the end of the Listening Test. You now have 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the Listening answer sheet (pause for 10
minutes). Please stop writing.
TEST 2 LISTENING PRACTICE TEST 1 NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: 40 APPROX. TIME: 30 MINUTES Instructions You will hear a number of conversations and talks and you must answer questions on what you hear. The conversations are recorded and you will have time to read the instructions and questions, and to check your work. The tape will be played only ONCE. The test is organised in 4 sections. You can write your answers on the question paper and at the end of the test you will be given time to transfer your answers to an answer sheet. 本套题题型分析： Section 1 Questions 1 - 12 Questions 1 - 8 表格题 Questions 9 - 12 单选题 Section 2 Questions 13 - 20 Questions 13 - 16 多选题 Questions 17 - 20 问答题 Section 3 Questions 21 - 30 Questions 21 - 26 搭配题 Questions 27 - 30 单选题 Section 4 Questions 31 - 40 Questions 31 - 40 地图题&完成句子题
Section 1 Questions 1 – 12 个人信息表格题做题关键： 1、信息修正：注意否定词、转折词及表示修改的词 2、速度陷阱: ①答案前后语速慢,答案加快 ②紧张导致定位失败 解决办法： ①速度的练习：主要是对吞音、连读等语音的练习和单位时间处理信息量的练习 ②预测的练习：在听之前预测缺省信息 3、计算的问题： 单位的换算：fortnight 两周，decade 十年，dozen 十二，score 二十 要特别注意时间的计算 4、地名： 其他题中可能提供要写的地名 ①常见地名：英、澳、加、美常见地名 ②常用地名：Fountainroad、Spring Court、Brookstreet Questions 1 - 8 For questions 1 - 8 complete the notes below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Example Customer requirements: a (example) flight to Delhi. English Airways cost ..................... (1) route direct flight departure time Monday, 15.00 arrival time Tuesday, 03.25 other features extra leg room, personal TV ...................... (2) DBG Airlines cost route departure time arrival time other features ...................... (5) via Istanbul Monday, 12.00 Tuesday, 10.15 ....................... (6) 25 kg baggage max Air Bronco cost route departure time arrival time other features ￡212 via...................... (3) ..................... (4) Tuesday, 16.30 20kg baggage max
Karachi Air Tours cost route departure time arrival time other features
￡383 via Abu Dhabi Monday, 11.35 ....................... (7) ....................... (8)
Questions 9 - 12 Circle the correct letters A - C. 9 When does the travel agent advise Sunil to book his ticket? A the following month
B after seven days C straightaway 10 Which airline provides the quickest route home? A English Airways B Air Bronco C DGB Airlines 11 Which airline provides the cheapest route home? A English Airways B Air Bronco C Karachi Air Tours 12 What is the reason for Sunil's choice? A the flight is the cheapest B the flight allows him to visit his aunt C the flight is best overall Section 2 Questions 13 - 20 Questions 13 and 14 Circle TWO thing you MUST NOT take on board with you. A cigarettes B lighter fuel C matches D gifts wrapped by a friend E mobile phones Questions 15 and 16 Circle TWO things you MUST take on board with you. A passport B books C boarding pass D foreign currency E sandwiches Questions 17 - 20 Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. 17 When is the check-in time for the flight? ...................................................................................................................................................... 18 What is the best means of transport to the airport? ...................................................................................................................................................... 19 How much baggage can Sunil take? ...................................................................................................................................................... 20 Where is the best place to change money?
...................................................................................................................................................... Section 3 Questions 21 - 30 Questions 21 - 26 做好搭配题要注意： 1、扫描题干注意有没有“more than once” ，如有则配搭会比较混乱 2、划核心词，注意题干和选项中较为复杂的 3、判断展开顺序，一般将题干和选项中有具体含义的一方为依据判断 Match the ideas to the lecturers in the box below. Lecturers A Dr Wray B Professor Martin C Professor Smith D Dr Klemper
21 An abstract should describe the contents of each section. 22 An abstract should immediately attract the attention of the reader. 23 An abstract should be of the same written standard as the dissertation. 24 An abstract should describe the methods used in the research. 25 An abstract should not describe all results or no-one will read the dissertation. 26 An abstract should state the main points clearly and concisely. Questions 27 - 30 Circle the correct letters A - C. 27 The female student will put her findings first because A she wants to make a big impact. B Professor Smith suggested this. C the other students prefer this. 28 The female student will submit her dissertation A this week. B next month. C by Easter. 29 The other students will submit their dissertations A this year. B next year. C at an unconfirmed date. 30 The female student will not go to graduation because A she cannot afford it. B she will be working. C she will be on holiday. Section 4 Questions 31 - 40
Questions 31 – 35 做地图题的思路： 1、找起始点，标出左右 2、做地图题的四种情况 ①如果说话人从下往上走那他看到的左右和我们一样 ②如果从上往下，则相反 ③如果从左边进来，则我们看到的左是上，右是下 ④如果从右边进来，则左是下，右是上 3、根据指向标在地图周围标出 NEWS 4、勾出已知信息 Match the rooms labelled A - H to the person in them or the function they perform. You will not need to identify every lettered room. Administrative Section Student Loans Office Finance Section Cash Office Mrs Pearson's office 31 .................... 32 ................... 33 .................... 34 ................... 35 ...................
Questions 36 - 40 Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. 36 The ................................................................ of the dissertation should be single spaced. 37 The abstract should be ....................................................... 300 words long. 38 The regulations forbid the use of colour except for .......................................................... . 39 The declarations in the dissertion must be ...................................................... the abstract. 40 Dissertations are usually bound in ............................................................. . 总结 一、要熟悉：表格题、完成句子、问答题、选择题、地图题、搭配题这六种常考题型 二、学习方法：
1、做大量阅读 2、听写 3、纠音 三、机经 准确率较高，可以上无忧雅思网下载 联系方式： beijingbbs.xdf.cn-国外考试-彭彭老师来报到 无忧雅思网论坛-新东方听力
本套题答案： Test 2 You will hear a number of different recordings and you have to answer questions on what you hear. There will be time for you to read the instructions and you will have a chance to check your answers. The recordings will be heard only once. The test is in four sections. Record all your answers in your test book and at the end of the test you will be given 10 minutes to transfer your answers to a special answer sheet. Now turn to Section 1. Section 1 You will hear a conversation between a travel agent and a student booking his flight home. First you will have some time to look at questions 1 to 8 (pause for 30 seconds). You will see that there has been an example written for you. On this occasion only the conversation relating to the example will be played first (listen to example being played). Sunil wants a one - way flight to Delhi so one - way has been written in the gap in the example. Now we will begin. You should answer the questions as you listen as you will not hear the recording a second time. Listen to the discussion carefully and answer questions 1 to 8. Agent: Sunil, how nice to see you again. Going home for a holiday? Sunil: Not this time. I've finished my studies and I'm going home to start work, so I need a one - way flight (example) to Delhi. Next week preferably. Agent: Let's see what I can find, on the computer. Now, Monday next week ... Nothing on India Airways, that's all booked up. No economy class flights on English Airways either, just Business and First Class. Do you want me to get a price on those?
Sunil: Why not? Maybe I can afford to treat myself. Agent: That's ?895 (Q1) including tax. Departing 15.00 hours on Monday and arriving Delhi 03.25 local time on Tuesday morning. That's a direct flight from Heathrow of course. Sunil: Phew! That's expensive. Agent: Yes, but you do get the benefits of travelling Business Class. Much more leg room important on a long journey. You have your own TV built into the seat. Lots of other things but most importantly, as a Business Class passenger, you've got much more weight allowance on your baggage, up to 50 kilos.(Q2) Sunil: Oh, that's good, but it's expensive. What about other airlines? Agent: Okay, those are the only two direct and scheduled flights but let's see what other deals we've got ... Now. Air Bronco. They fly via Moscow. (Q3) There's a six hour stop over in Moscow (Q3) and another stop over in Karachi. (Q3) Departure from Heathrow, Monday at 12.05 (Q4) and arrive in Delhi at 16.30 local time on Tuesday. It says here baggage allowance is only 20 kilos and they're very strict about that. The fare is only ?212, though. Sunil: Okay, I've noted that down. I've an aunt in Moscow, maybe I could see her between flights. Agent: Indeed. Ah, here's a better looking one. DGB Airlines - they're new. You pay a bit more, ?299, (Q5) but it's still cheap. Depart Heathrow 12 noon Monday and arrive 10.15 on Tuesday. There's a stop over in Istanbul but you don't change planes. 25 kilos of luggage. Ah! But no in - flight catering (Q6) so you'd have to take your own sandwiches and drinks. Sunil: No food on the flight. I'm not sure about that. Anything else? Agent: Not from Heathrow. But here's something that may interest you. Karachi Air Tours. ?383, departing 11.35 on Monday and arriving in Delhi at 05.05 the Tuesday morning. (Q7) One stop - over in Abu Dhabi. But the important thing is that it flies from Cardiff (Q8)- that'll save a lot of time and effort getting to the airport from here. Before the discussion continues you have some time to read questions 9 to 12 (pause 20 seconds). Now listen carefully and answer questions 9 to 12. Agent: Got all that? Sunil: Yes, I think so. Agent: What about making an immediate booking? It's a good idea to do it now (Q9) as the flights are quite full already and if you leave it until tomorrow or even next week, you may find you can't get a seat and you'll have to wait till next month for a place. Sunil: Right. Just one question. How much would I pay for excess baggage? Agent: It's generally about ?5 or maybe ?6 per kilo. Sunil: So even if I have double my baggage allowance I'm not likely to pay more than, say, ?150? Then I can't really justify going Business Class with English Airways and paying so much even if it is the fastest flight. (Q10) Agent: If cost is important, we'll have to look at the others. You'll definitely have more than 20 kilos of luggage, will you? Sunil: Definitely. Agent: Then Air Bronco is out of the question even if it is the most reasonably priced. (Q11)
You can't have more than 20 kilos of luggage. Sunil: Okay, so I'll visit my aunt another time. Karachi Air Tours seems the best even if it costs a bit more. It's quicker and I'll save money not paying for food or a bus to Heathrow. It looks a pretty good deal. (Q12) Agent: I'm sure you're right. Shall I go ahead and book that then? Sunil: Let me think about it. I'll let you know. That is the end of Section 1. You will have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). Now turn to Section 2 Section 2 You will hear the travel agent describing the rules and conditions for taking the flight. First you have some time to look at questions 13 to 16 (pause for 30 seconds). Now listen carefully to the agent and answer questions 13 to 16. Travel Agent: Ok, Sunil, I know you're a regular traveller but there's a new instruction issued by the government that says agents have to go through the rules and safety procedures of the flight before we can issue tickets. It's for your own good. Well, first of all, you have to make sure you pack your case yourself and never carry parcels for anyone else, even friends. (Q13) It sounds rather hard, I know, but it's better to be safe than sorry. Of course, you can take presents for your friends and family that you've wrapped yourself. And remember to always switch off your mobile phone before you board the flight as these devices interfere with radio signals. Flammable materials like the liquid used to refill lighters (Q14) are banned from flights. But now that smoking is prohibited on planes, you don't need to have this or cigarettes or matches on board. You can buy these articles at the destination. And remember, it's advisable to wear your seat belt at all times during the flight in case there's turbulence. Good, all the official business over and done with. Now, how can we make your trip more enjoyable? It's a good idea to take some books and magazines with you to help pass the time - you'll be on the plane for hours! You'll be given a boarding pass (Q15) at check - in and it's essential you retain this throughout the flight. You'll have plenty of meals on the plane put maybe you could take some sandwiches with you to have as a snack during the stopover - you probably won't have any currency from there so you wouldn't be able to buy any refreshments. We don't want you to go hungry! What else? Ah, yes. And, of course, you need your passport. (Q16) You certainly would not get through departures without this documentation so make sure you keep it on you. You now have some time to read questions 17 to 20 (pause for 20 seconds). Now listen carefully and answer questions 17 to 20.
Travel Agent: Okay. Now here's your ticket. Your flight leaves at 11.35. Check - in time for most international flights is two hours before departure but Cardiff is only a small airport and the scheduled check in time is actually only one hour before departure. (Q17) Be careful though. If you get to the check - in later than 11 o'clock you may not be allowed on the flight. Now, how can you get to the airport? There's no train connecting you directly to the airport. You train connecting you directly to the airport. You could catch a Cardiff Travel Services bus to take you to the airport but to be honest I doubt that's what you really want. They'd collect you hours in advance because they go round to lots of different stops to pick up a whole lot of people. It takes ages. If I were you I'd call a taxi (Q18) because for ?20 it'll take you from your own doorstep to the airport at the time you want. And that's cheaper than CTS anyway. But that's just my opinion. It's up to you. Let's check how much luggage you have. Around 35 kilos. That about 13 kilos over your allowance - you're only permitted to take 22 kilos (Q19) with you on Karachi Air Tours so I'm afraid you'll have to pay excess baggage. Fortunately, they don't always charge you for the full amount - you will likely pay for about 10 kilos extra. You'll be closing your bank account I dare say but you should change your cash into traveller's cheques. You could do this at the bank but it's better at the foreign currency exchange desk at the airport (Q20) as they certainly take less commission. Okay. I think that's everything. Have a good flight and good luck when you get home. That is the end of Section 2. You will have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). Now turn to Section 3. Section 3 You will hear a discussion between three students about writing abstracts. First you have some time to look at questions 21 to 26 (pause for 30 seconds). Now listen carefully to the discussion and answer questions 21 to 26. Ruth: I've started trying to write this abstract but it's really hard. Tom: I know. But have you done what Dr Wray suggested? Ruth: Well, I looked at the notes we were given and did what it suggested there. Jim: The ones Professor Smith wrote for students? Ruth: Yes, those. They suggested writing what you did chapter by chapter. (Q21) But I soon
ran out of words. Tom: I'm not surprised. That may be one way to summarise what you did but it is nearly impossible to condense the whole thing into three hundred words that way. You should do what Dr Wary said and go for the throat. (Q22) Ruth: What does he mean by that? Tom: He means that you've got to make the reader interested by putting your most important ideas right at the start so that the reader will want to know more. Jim: Or pass on if it isn't relevant to them. Ruth: I suppose that's right. He said something similar to me. He said a good abstract would indicate the quality of the dissertation to follow. Oh, no, it was Professor Martin (Q23) who told me that. Jim: But you can't just put the results there. Dr Klemper told me quite specifically that I have to indicate how I carried out my experiments. (Q24) What the technique was. Tom: That's true but he also said you shouldn't write all your findings in the abstract. If you did that, no one would bother to finish it. (Q25) It'd be pointless continuing if you knew all the information at the beginning. Ruth: And I also remember someone telling us an abstract should be direct, to the point and not overlong. (Q26) I think it was Dr Wary. He said most people want to read a brief summary as they are more concerned about the actual dissertation. Hold on, that was Professor Smith's advice. You now have some time to read questions 27 to 30 (pause for 20 seconds). Now listen carefully and answer questions 27 to 30. Ruth: Well I think I'll put my main results first in my abstract. I can begin it something like, "Contrary to accepted theory ..." That should grab the reader's attention. (Q27) Jim: You'll disregard Professor Smith's notes. Ruth: Yes, I think so. I don't think the method he suggests is really appropriate for my dissertation. You know, this discussion has been very useful. I have a much clearer picture now of how to write my dissertation. I can get this abstract finished this week and give it in to my supervisor next week. If she's happy with it I'll get it handed in by next month. No, wait. I only have the finishing touches so I'll get it handed in earlier, by Easter. (Q28) Jim: That's great. I wish mine was nearly so close to completion. It'll be next year before I even finish my first set of experiments. Tom: Me too. I've had to wait such a long time for the equipment and laboratory to become free. Jim: It depends on how long it will take me to write up the theoretical part of the dissertation. It could be this year or next. Tom: My theory part is done and if the experiment results fit in with the theory it should be quite a quick write up. If they don't, then I've got a lot of thinking to do and I've no idea when I'll finish. (Q29) Jim: Same with me. But enough of our worries. What are you going to do when you've finished? Take a holiday? Ruth: Well, I thought I would visit Scotland before I go home and maybe take a tour of Europe.
Tom: Good idea. You could always go on a trip after your exam and before graduation. Ruth: No, after the exam I have to go straight home. I'm due to take up my new position in July. (Q30) Jim: But that means you'll miss your graduation, what a shame! Can't you make it? Ruth: It's a pity but I don't think that's possible. The flights are expensive and I couldn't afford the time just after starting work. Tom: Maybe you could find the time to come to our graduation next year - if we finish our dissertations! That is the end of Section 3. You will have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). Section 4 You will hear a lecturer describing the formalities and procedures which students need to complete before submitting their dissertations. First you have some time to look at questions 31 to 40 (pause for 40 seconds). Now listen carefully to the talk and answer questions 31 to 40. Lecturer: Okay, I've got you all together so I can go through the various things you need to do before you can hand in your dissertations. Right. The first thing you need to do is get a certificate which says you need to do is get a certificate which says you have paid your fees to the university or you've paid your university accommodation. It is to make sure you don't owe the university any money. Once you've settled all outstanding bills the university Finance Section will issue you with this form, Mrs Pearson deals with them. You probably don't know where her office is so I'll tell you. It's in the main university administration building. You go in through big double doors into a reception area. On your right is the Administrative section, (Q31) some of you may have been there for committee meetings and so on. Opposite that is a door with the Cash Office written on it. Actually that's moved and it's really the Student Loans office. (Q32) Sooner or later we'll get round to changing that sign. In front of you is a door with the Finance Section (Q33) on it. There are four offices in this part. Directly opposite is where the Cash Office (Q34) now is. You have to go there to claim any money the University owes you. Sometimes Mrs Pearson works in the room on the right of the Cash Office but her real office is the last office at the other end of the corridor. (Q35) It's very light and airy - she's lucky to have two windows.
Okay. Once you've got your certificate, you can hand in your dissertation. The main body of your dissertation has to be double spaced and on one side of the paper only. Appendices are single spaced, (Q36) and that includes the tables of contents at the beginning, and so is the abstract. The abstract is a summary of the dissertation and you must put a copy of this at the front of your dissertation. You need to put your name, the title of the dissertation, the name of this university and the date at the top and it mustn't be more than three hundred words long. (Q37) You have to print everything in black ink. That includes the diagrams if you have any. You can't use colours because our regulations say the dissertation has to be photocopiable in black and white. But are there any geographers here? Okay, well there are some special rules for you which allow you to submit maps (Q38) in colour. But this is the only exception. For all of you there is a series of declarations which you need to type up, date and sign. These go on a single sheet of paper and go after the abstract (Q39) at the front of your dissertation. These are declarations that the research is yours and not someone else's, and you haven't already submitted it for another degree. The dissertations must have hard covers. The regulations don't specify the colour of the binding or the lettering but it is customary to bind dissertations in black. (Q40) We need two copies of your dissertation for our library and we'll need the certificate from Mrs Pearson. Once we get all those things, we can send off your dissertation for examination. That is the end of Section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers (pause for 30 seconds). That is the end of the Listening Test.