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【金版新学案】2015高考英语(人教版)大一轮复习讲义选修6Unit5 Thepowerofnature


Unit 5 The power of nature

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学 ·预习新知自解 讲 ·探究课堂互动 记 ·冷点自主拾遗














>
volcano 1.____________ n.火山 alongside 2._____________ adv.在旁边;沿着边
单 词 速 记

prep.在……旁边;沿着……的边 wave n.波浪;波涛vi.波动;起伏;挥手 3.________ potential n.潜在性;可能性;潜能adj.可能的;潜在的 4.___________ shoot 5.___________ vt.射中;射伤 diverse adj.多种多样的;不同的 6._________ guarantee 7.___________ vt.保证;担保 erupt 8.________ vi.(指火山)爆发;突然发生 →eruption n.火山爆发;(战争等)爆发

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9.__________ appoint vt.任命;委派→appointment n.约定;任命 10.__________ evaluate vt.评估;评价;估计→evaluation n.评估 11.___________ adj.绝对的;完全的 absolute →absolutely adv.绝对地;完全地 suit 12.________ n.一套外衣;套装vt.适合;使适宜→suitable adj.合适的 13._________ adj.实在的;实际的→actually adv.实际地 actual 14.___________ adj.忧虑的;不安的→anxiously adv.安地 anxious →anxiety n.担心;焦虑;渴望 15.___________ vi.&vt.惊慌n.惊慌;恐慌 panic →panicked(过去式/过去分词) appreciation n.欣赏;感激;感谢 16._____________ →appreciate vt.欣赏;感激
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make one’s way 1._________________ 前往 glance through 匆匆看一遍 2._______________ vary from...to... 由??到??不等 3._______________ 短 语 回 顾 give birth to 生产;产生 4.____________ be compared with... 5.____________________ 与??相比 protect...from... 6._________________ 保护??免受??伤害 be appointed as... 7.___________________ 被委派为?? burn to the ground 8.______________________ 全部焚毁 be about to do sth. 9.___________________ 即将做某事;马上就要做某事 10.__________ refer to 查阅,参考,指的是

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1.I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day.

我刚要再睡,突然我的卧室亮如白昼。
句 型 必 备 名师指津: 时……。 be about to do...when...正要……这

例句仿写: 我正要去你家帮助你学英语,这时我叔 叔来了。 was about to go to your home to help you I _________________ when with your English _________my uncle came.

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2.The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study,but this being my first experience,I stayed at the top and watched them. 另外两人攀下火山口去收集供日后研究用的岩浆,我是 第一次经历这样的事,所以留在山顶上观察他们。 名师指津:this being my first experience独立主格结构, 在句中作原因状语。 例句仿写:他上课专心听讲,眼睛紧盯着黑板。 He was listening attentively in class, his eyes fixed ____________________on the blackboard.

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3.It is said that this boy,who had a great gift for languages and persuasion,is the father of the Manchu people. 据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先,他具有语言天赋和很 强的说服力。
名师指津: It is said that...据说……,是一个固定句式。 例句仿写:据说至少有20座楼房遭到破坏或彻底被摧毁。 It is said that ________________ at least a score of buildings were

damaged or destroyed.

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4.Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. 收集和评估这些信息之后,我就帮助其他科学家一起预 测熔岩接着将往何处流,流速是多少。 名师指津: 现在分词完成时作状语。 例句仿写: 核实所有的门都锁好之后,史密斯先生就去 伦敦度假了。 Having checked __________________all the doors were locked,Mr Smith left for London on holiday.

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任命,委派;约定,指定,安排 (1)appoint sb.as/to be... 任命某人为…… vt. appoint sb.to do sth 委派某人做某事 appoint sth.(for sth.) (为某事)确定(日期、场所)

单 词 细 解

约定;任命
(2)make an appointment with sb. 与某人约会 keep/break an appointment

n. appoint
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守/违约

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①(英译汉)I was appointed to take charge of arranging all
the activities on that day. 我被指定来负责安排那一天的所有活动。 _____________________________________________

②My patient didn’t turn up________________________ , at the appointed time
that is,she broke an appointment. 我的病人没有在约定的时间到,也就是说,她违约了。 an appointmentfor her son to see the ③(牛津P82)She made __________________ doctor. 她为儿子约定了看医生的时间。

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suit sb. 适合某人 suit one’s needs 适合需要 suit vt.&n. a suit of clothes 一套衣服

—How about eight o’clock outside the cinema? suits —That____________________( 适合) me fine.

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be suitable for sb./sth. 适合于某人/某物

suitable adj.

be suitable to do sth. 适合做某事

(2011· 天津卷阅读理解)This kind of accommodation offers an independent lifestyle and is more suitable for the long-stay student. 这种住宿方式提供独立的生活方式,它更适合于长期居住的学 ______________________________________________________ 生。

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辨析:suit,match与fit match多指色调、形状、性质等 方面的搭配

suit多指合乎需要、口味、性格 、条件、地位、颜色、款式等

fit

多指大小、形状的合适

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(1)panic sb.into doing sth 使某人惊慌地做某事

(2)get into a panic =be thrown into a panic 使陷入惊慌状态 in a state of panic 处于惊慌状态 in panic

v.使(人 或动物) 受惊

panic

n.惊 慌;恐 慌

惊慌地

教材原句P38:I felt very nervous and had to force myself not to panic. 我非常紧张,不得不强迫自己不要惊慌。
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(1)(英译汉)Shoppers are panicked into buying things they

don’t need. 购物者因恐慌,抢购一些他们并不需要的东西。 _________________________________________________
(2)(填空)She _____________________ when she thought got into a real panic she’d lost the ticket. 她十分惊慌,以为自己已把入场券丢了。 (3)(2011· 湖北卷)“Tommy,run!Be quick!The house is on fire!” the mother shouted,with________clearly in her D voice. A.anger B.rudeness C.regret D.panic
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guarantee sb.sth.= guarantee sth.to sb. 向某人保证某事
guarantee

guarantee to do sth. 保证做某事

give sb.a guarantee that...向某人担 保 (2014· 山东师范大学附中)Working hard is not C a________of great success,but it is among the essential requirements. A.sign B.signal C.guarantee D.mark
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(be) under guarantee 在保修期内

anxious adj.忧虑的;不安的
(1)

be anxious for/to do sth. 渴望某事/做某事
be anxious (for sb.) to do sth. 急于让某人做…… be anxious about... 为……担心/担忧 be anxious that... 担心……(that从句采用should do

(2)

(3)

(4)

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①The foreign minister admitted he was still anxious about _________________________( 仍旧担心) the situation in the country. ②If you are worried about your health, anxieties share your _____________( 担忧) with your doctor. anxiety n.焦虑;担心; with anxiety焦虑地)) ③(2014· 山东省实验中学高三质检)—Why are you so hurried? C I don’t get back on —My mother will get a bit____if time. A.ashamed B.eager C.anxious D.patient
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(2012· 新课标全国卷任务型阅读)And if you can stay positive as you make your way through a tough time ,you’ll help yourself feel better even faster. 前往;获得成功 fight one’s way奋力前进 短 way 语 聚 焦 make one’ s way
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lose one’s way迷路 feel one’s way摸索前进

push one’s way挤出来
wind one’s way蜿蜒前

教材原句P39:The land varies in height from 700 metres above sea level to over 2,000 metres and is home to a great diversity of rare plants and animals. 由……到……不等 (1)vary v. vary in sth. _____________( 大小、形状等)不同,有别 vary with.. _____________ 随……变化,改变 vary between...and.. 从……到……转变 ___________________ 各种各样的;多姿多彩的 (2)various adj.____________________ (3)variety n.种种;多样化 a variety of 种种……_____________

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(填空) (1)就像口语,身势语因不同的文化而变化。

Just like spoken language,body language
_____________________________. varies from culture to culture (2)Some guests arrived late at the party for ___________/__________reasons. a variety of various 因为各种理由,有些客人晚会迟到了

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The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study,but this being my first experience,I stayed at the top and watched them.

另外两人攀下火山口去收集供日后研究用的岩 型 浆,我是第一次经历这样的事,所以留在山顶上观察 他们。 突 this being my first experience是独立主格结构。 破

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(1)名词(代词)+现在分词 time permitting . ①We will go hiking,_______________ 如果时间允许(表条件)
(2)名词(代词)+过去分词 set ,his eyes ②He lay there,his teeth _____ looking straight up.牙关紧闭(表方式)

(3)名词(代词)+不定式
独立主格结构 to be planted ③Many trees,flowers,and grass___________, our newly-built school will look even more beautiful.种上许多的树、花和草后(表原因) (4)名词(代词)+副词 The meeting over ④_______________ ,our headmaster soon left the meeting room. 散会了(表时间)
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It is said that this boy,who had a great gift for language and persuasion,is the father of the Manchu people. 据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先,具有语言天赋 和很强的说服力。 It is said that...意为“据说……”,it为形式主语,指代that 引导的从句。该结构还可以改变成sb.is said to do...结构 。使用时注意不定式的一般式、进行式或完成式在结构 上的变化。 ※(句型转换)It is said that a new shopping mall will be built in the city next year. A new shopping mall is said to be built in the city next year.. ___________________________________________








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我来告诉你

(1)It is thought that.. 人们认为…… (2)It is believed that 人们相信…… (3)It is hoped that... 人们希望…… (4)It is reported that... 据报道…… (5)It is well-known that... 众所周知…… (6)It is generally considered that... 大家认为…… (7)It is supposed that...

据推测
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It is believed _____ that at least a score of ①____ ____ _______ buildings were damaged or destroyed. 人们相信,至少有20座楼房遭到破坏或彻底被摧毁。 ② ____ ____ It is _______ hoped _____ that the terrible disease will soon be controlled. 人们希望这种可怕的疾病能迅速得到控制。 ③(2014· 江苏南通二模)Carbon dioxide is B said________the earth twice as quickly as previously feared. A.to be heated B.to be heating C.to have heated D.to have been heated

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wave vt.波动;挥手;n.波浪;波涛

※ Mike and I picked up our things and waved goodbye to wave goodbye to Mrs Martin. 向……挥手告 微 迈克和我收拾好东西与马丁太太道了别。 wave to 向……挥手 考
点 evaluate vt.评估;评价;估计

※ They made an intensive evaluation of the health care program. make an evaluation of 对……进行评价 他们对医疗保健计划进行了深入的评估。 evaluation n. 估价;评价
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(2)conscious

consciously

(1)unconscious adj.失去知觉的;未察觉的 unconsciously adv.无意识地;不知不觉地
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◇ 写作素材 ◇
01 与自然灾害,如台风、飓风、洪水、地震和火山等相 比,人类很弱小。 微 02 岩浆流经之处,一切都被掩埋在熔岩下面。人们惊慌 失措,为自己的安全而担忧。

写 03
作 消防队员赶到起火的地方。虽然他们尽一切努力灭火, 但是许多房子都被烧毁了。

提示

红色字体部分用本单元词汇表达。
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◇连句成篇 ◇
Compared with natural disasters,such as

typhoon,hurricane,flood,earthquake and
volcano,humans are weak.Wherever the lava flows,everything is buried under the molten

rock.People are in panic and anxious about their safety.The firemen make their way to the places

on fire.Though they make every effort to put out
the fire,many houses are burnt to the ground.

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v.-ing形式 1.(2014· 江西赣州适应性考试)To find a good job,I need to continue my education,________myself with C rich knowledge. A.equip B.to equip C.equipping 微 D.equipped 语 法 解析: 分析题干可知,本句已有谓语动词 need to continue,且逗号后无连词,故equip 应用其非谓语动词形式来作伴随状语; 又由于equip与其逻辑主语是主谓关系,故空格处 应用现在分词一般式形式,即equipping, 而不定式常作目的状语和结果状语, 不作伴随状语,因此可排除B项。
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2.(2014· 江西宜春市模拟)The girl was occupied in doing A his homework,only________once in a while to look out of the window. A.stopping B.to stopC.stopped D.having stopped

解析: 句意为:那个女孩正忙着写作业, 只是偶尔地停下来向窗外看一看。分析句子结构可知, 逗号后为非谓语动词短语作伴随状语,且与逻辑主语之间 是主谓关系,故用现在分词stopping。C项表示被动、完成, B项表目的,D项表示动作发生在主句谓语动作之前, 均不符合语境,可排除。

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D 3.(2014· 福建质检)________a large salary rise already, Sarah is thinking of buying a new apartment. A.Receiving B.Received C.To receive D.Having received 4.(2014· 天津耀华中学模考)________the room,the nurse B found the tape recorder________. A.Entering;stealing B.Entering;gone C.To have entered;gone D.Having entered;to be stolen

Let me try!

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D 1.(2013· 江西卷)She________the carpet with some very nice curtains in colour. A.connected C.equipped 课 堂 训 B.fitted D.matched

2. When it comes to talking about football,his favourite sport,with David,any time will________him. A

A.suit
C.match

B.fit
D.equal

3. (2014· 温州二测)If you are invited to dinner,you A.appoint C.appointed B.appointing D.appointment
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练 are supposed to arrive not later than the________time. C

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4. Knowing that his brother is waiting for him at the station, A he made his________there immediately. A.way B.decision C.judge D.preparation C 5. (2013· 南昌二模)Nuclear radiation is said________the biggest health challenge in Japanese Earthquake over the past few months. A.being B.to be C.to have been D.that it is 6. (2013· 鹰潭市二模)All the task________ahead of time,they B decided to go on holiday for a week. A.had been finished B.having been finished C.were finished D.having finished
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