Films and film events 基础落实
1.representative n. 代表 → represent v.
→ representative adj.有代表性的 → representation n.代表 2.defence n.保卫;防卫 →defend v.→
defensive adj. 3.satisfaction n. 满意 → satisfy v. → satisfying adj.令人满意的→ satisfied adj.感到满意的→satisfactory adj.合适的;满
4.suspect vt. 怀疑→ suspect n.嫌疑犯 → suspicious adj.可疑的
5.favour vt.偏爱,偏袒 →favourable adj.赞许的;
称赞的→ favourite adj.特别喜欢的 6.interrupt vt.&vi.打扰;打断 →interruption n. 7.complaint n. 抱怨 → complain v. 8.salute vt. 向??敬礼 → salutation n.
1.在全世界享有好声誉 have a good reputation
worldwide 2.达标 meet the standard
3.对??敏感 be sensitive to 4.入场券 admission tickets 5.令某人满意的是 to one’s satisfaction 6.缺席会议 be absent from the meeting
7.获胜 win a victory
8.实现梦想 realize one’s dream
9.与某人有约 have an appointment with sb.
10.在??方面有经验 be experienced at 11.区别A和B distinguish between A and B 12.考虑,思考 give thought to 13.达成协议,达成共识 make an agreement 14.占少数 in the minority
Considering the history of our festival, we feel it is important not to favour
films from any one country.
2.这部电影前一部分有很多地方本都可以跳 过?? Much of this early part of the film could have been skipped...
Now,if a film wins an award at Sundance,
there is a good chance that it will become famous!
是有助于表现电影的情节。 I think this is more to highlight the advanced special effects than to help the film’s plot.
1.Our policy is to include high-quality
films,regardless of who makes them. 2.As long as the film’s quality meets our
standards,we include it.
3.Some critics say that it has taken a step backwards,and is beginning to resemble the Academy Awards in Hollywood too much. 4.Even with these small problems, Harry
P ot t er a nd t he P hi l osopher ’ s St one i s
s ti l l a g r eat film,and I definitely recommend it!
A mother mustn’t favour one of her children more than the others.
(2)你能帮我一个忙吗? Will you do me a favor ? =May I ask a favor of you ? (3)我完全支持同工同酬。 I’m all in favour of equal pay for equal work.?
in favour of支持,赞成
do sb.a favour=do a favour for sb. 帮助某人 in one’s favor对某人有利
favourite adj.特别喜欢的;n.特别喜欢的人或物 one’s favourite某人的最爱 即学活练 (4)There were 247 votes B the motion and B.in favor of D.in view of
A.in relation to C.in contrast to
?挑战自我 (1)这种植物的外形像草。 The plant resembles grass in appearance. (2)这么多的旅馆外形都相似。
So many hotels resemble each other .
帮你归纳 resemblance n.相似(后接to或between)
a striking/strong resemblance to和??有明
显的相似之处 即学活练 (3)You have a strong resemblance A your f a t h e r , b u t you resemble your mother
(4)他极像他父亲。 He strongly resembles his father.
We suspect that he gave us the false
information. =We suspect him of giving us the false information. (2)我怀疑他的动机。 I suspected his motives. (3)两名与抢劫案有关的嫌疑犯今天被逮捕。 Two suspects were arrested today in
connection with the robbery.
帮你归纳 suspect sb.of (doing) sth.怀疑某人做过某事 suspect sb.to be...怀疑某人是??
即学活练 (4)汤姆怀疑玛丽拿了他的钱。 Tom suspected Mary of taking his money./ Tom suspected that Mary had taken his money. (5)我怀疑他是个小偷。 I suspect that he is a thief./I suspect him to be a thief.
?挑战自我 (1)我认为你需要的是仔细考虑。 In my view ,what you need is careful consideration. (2)我们都认为假期是休闲放松的时间,但她有不 同的见解。 We view the holiday as a time for relaxation,but she has a different idea. (3)如果我们从不同的角度看问题,答案可能变得 更明显。 If we view the problem from a different angle,the solution may become more obvious.
in one’s view依某人的看法
a point of view观点;着眼点 at first view初看;乍一见 in view在视野中 in view of鉴于;由于 on view展览中;展出中 view sb./sth.as sth.把??视为?? 即学活练 (4)Our school is more beautiful when from the top of the hill. A.view B.viewing D
You should be able to distinguish between right and wrong .
People who are color?blind often can’t distinguish red from green .
和?? distinguish...from...把??和??区分开 (2)用法相似的短语还有: tell the difference between A and B 说出A与B
tell A from B把A与B区分开来 tell A and B apart把A与B分开
differ A from B使A不同于B
human beings from the
?挑战自我 (1)她从帮助别人中得到很大满足。 She got great satisfaction from helping
(2)我们所应该做的是满足公共需求。 What we should do is to meet the satisfaction of public demand. (3)得知她身体痊愈是非常令人满意的事。 It is a great satisfaction to know she is well again.?
帮你归纳 to one’s satisfaction=to the satisfaction of sb.使某人满意的是?? be satisfied with...对??满意
satisfied adj.感到满意的 satisfying adj.令人满意的
即学活练 (4)回顾自己的事业,他深感欣慰。 He looked back on his career with great satisfaction.
7.give thought to考虑,思考
?挑战自我 (1)我一直在认真地考虑你的提议。 I’ve been carefully giving thought to your proposal.
He was staring out of the window, lost in thought .
帮你归纳 be lost in thought陷入沉思 without a second thought不假思索；立即， 马上
at the thought of一想到??就
on second thought(s)经重新考虑 have thought of...有??的打算 thought for...对??的体谅/关怀 thoughtful adj.细心的,体贴的
to your suggestion that
a party in honor of the
B.many thoughts;should hold C.much thought;will hold D.some thought;can hold
in thought,he didn’t notice the B.Lose D.Lost
teacher come in,standing by him.
He is very nice,contrary to what people say about him. (2)你没有打扰我,正相反,我喜欢有你做伴。 You didn’t bother me.On the contrary ,I like your company.
on the contrary正相反 quite/just the contrary恰恰相反 即学活练 (3)—I am sure you like your new job.
A.On the contrary C.Indeed
They are determined to strike regardless of what the law says. (2)妻子坚持加入俱乐部,丝毫不顾她丈夫的 反对。 The wife insisted on joining the club, regardless of her husband’s objection.
(1)despite(=in spite of)是介词,后接名词或
代词。 (2)though/although是连词,引导让步状语从句。 (3)as是连词,引导让步状语从句且部分成分要 倒装。 In spite of/Despite the heavy rain,he went to work as usual. =Though/Although it rained heavily,he went
to work as usual.
Happy as they were,there was something
尽管他们很快乐，但总缺少点什么。 即学活练 (3)Kang Jie,a girl who was saved at Wenchuan Earthquake,was still concerned
C.in case of
her own injury.
B.regardless of D.in the name of
A.on account of
10.make an agreement达成共识,签订协议
(1)我们和美国就捕鱼业达成了协议。 We have made an agreement on fishing with America.?
帮你归纳 under the/an agreement根据协议 break an agreement打破协议 reach/come to/arrive at an agreement达成 协议
be in agreement with sb. 同意某人所说的
be in agreement on/upon/about sth. 对某事意 见一致
(2)At last we
should start at once.
C.reach;which D.arrived at;on which
11.There is a good chance...很有可能??
Now,if a film wins an award at Sundance,
t h e r e i s a good chance that it will become famous! 如果一部电影在圣丹斯电影节 获得奖项，它就很可能出名！(回归课本P51)?
There is no chance that he will change his mind.
Is there any chance of his passing the exam? (3)很有可能他已经听到这个消息。 Chances are that he has heard the news.
帮你归纳 There is a good/little/no chance ... 或 Chances are that... 是固定句型, 表示“很有可 能 / 有一点可能 / 没有可能” ,chance 是可数名词 ,
即学活练 (4)我们打电话的时候他们很有可能不在家。 Chances are that they will be out when we call. (5)他们停止打仗的可能性很小。 There is little chance that they will stop fighting.
（1）There are many stars in the Chinese basketball team,while Yao Ming is a superstar .(star) （2）She became a model after graduation. Now she is doing her best to be a supermodel .(model)
前缀 名词/动词/形容词 market市场 human人 名词/动词/形容词 supermarket超市 superhuman 超出常人的 superpower 超级大国
superstructure 上部结构 supertax 附加所得税
supercharged 增压的,提高功率的 supernatural 超自然的 superintend 监督
tax税 charge充电 natural自然的
（1）People all over China have known for the West Lake.(know) （2）He has not developed a good relationship with his workmates,because he always has a well-developed sense of his own the West
Lake in Hangzhou.So Hangzhou is well-known
串联扩展 词根 动词的过去分词 派生词
well advised 审慎的
well balanced 情绪稳定的 well kept 悉心照料的
well meant 善意的 well founded 有根据的
well fed 营养足的
well read 博学的 well timed 适时的
well tried 屡试不爽的
【例1】My parents don’t mind what job I do C I am happy. ( 陕西高考) B.as soon as D.as though A.even though C.as long as 解析
even though 即使； as soon as 一 ??
就??；as long as只要；as though似乎，好
像。句意为：只要我快乐我父母不介意我做什 么工作。 课文原文 As long as the film’s quality meets our
standards,we include it.(P50)
【例 2 】 She A A.can’t C.shouldn’t
have left school,for her (天津高考) B.wouldn’t D.needn’t
bike is still here.
自行车仍然在这儿。can’t表示不可能； wouldn ’ t have done 表虚拟； shouldn ’ t
have done 本不该做 ( 却已做了 ) ； needn ’ t
have done本没必要做(但已做了)。 课文原文 Much of this early part of the film could have been skipped...(P63)
【例3】—I’m sure Andrew will win the first prize in the final. —I think so.He A.is preparing B.was preparing C.had been preparing D.has been preparing 解析 由句中“ for months ” 与“ will ” 可 知，prepare的动作应发生在过去而且到目前还 在继续，故用现在完成进行时。 D for it for months.
课文原文 Harry,a sensitive young boy,has been living with his relatives,the Dursleys.(P 62)
【例4】It was in New Zealand first met Mr.Smith. A.that C.which B.how D.when
见到史密斯先生。 It+be+ 被强调成分 +that- ? clause句型为强调句。 课文原文 It was then that Robert Redford took over
and changed the focus to saluting
【例 5 】 By nine o’clock,all the Olympic torchbearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, soon. A.of which C.from which D appeared a rare rainbow (福建高考) B.on which D.above which
考查介词 + 关系代词引导的定语从句。
which指代Mount Qomolangma,rainbow应在山峰 的上空，故用介词above。
The skill with which these three become their characters is the real highlight of
1.Do you feel a sense of satisfaction(满足) at the end of the working day? 2.The government has agreed to lift restrictions (限制) on press freedom. 3.She has been awarded (获奖) a scholarship to study at Beijing University. 4.When I arrived at the school this
morning,I saw the students saluting (敬礼)
the national flag in line.
5.I seem to have deleted (删除) a file by
mistake because I can’t find it any more.
6.You should phone his secretary if you want to make an appointment with the
7.College students often send their dirty clothes to the laundry instead of washing them on their own.
8.The tournament is open to amateurs as well as professionals. 9.Jean wrote a letter to the teacher in defence/defense of her behavior. 10.Contrary to the popular belief,many cats dislike milk.
view...as...;in one’s defence;as long
as;in the minority;distinguish...from...; contrary to;on the contrary;give thought
to;meet one’s needs
1.We all view the holiday as a time for recreation,but she has a different idea. 2.I must say in her defence that she works very hard.
3.Please tell me how to distinguish a
poisonous snake from a harmless snake.
4.In order to meet the residents’ needs , the government is planning to build another gasworks. 5.While the army takes both men and women,
women are in the minority .
6.We may accept opinions that are contrary to our own.
7.I am not sick. On the contrary ,I am very
well. 8.Would you please give some thought to the suggestions put forward by the students? 9.We’ll go so long as the weather is good.
1.The supply of electric power to this city
has to be A.weakened C . B.omitted
解析 2. A 供应不得不受到限制。
restrict限制。句意：这个城市的电力 do you think is suspected of
murdering the old man by the police?
3.Be quiet! It’s rude to
they are talking. A.stop C.prevent 解析
4.He always does well at school
A.in spite of C.on account of 解析
to do part?time job every now and then. B.regardless of D.in case of
in spite of 尽管； regardless of 不
管，不顾；on account of因为；in case of如
5.—What do you think of the meal? —Although some dishes don’t agree me, it’s really a nice meal. A.on B.to C
6.He went back to the hall to try his D at
finding his lost gold watch,but never found it. A.best C.result B.success D.luck
try one’s luck碰运气。
7.Don’t be so discouraged.If you D such
feelings,you will do better next time.
A.carry on C.break down 解析 B.get back D.put away
carry on开展,进行；get back取回,拿
回；break down分解,崩溃；put away收拾起来。
8.Beck is an honest businessman.Our company
and his have had a lot of A in the past five years. A.deals C.rewards B.agreements D.sales
9.—Should I talk to you in English or French?
—Do as you
A.think C.care 解析
.We understand both.
B.feel like D.please
do as you please/like表示“随便”。
10.Why! I have nothing to say. want to know?
A.What is it that
C.How is it that 解析
B.What it is that
D.How it is that
11.Your two statements A.contrary C.contradictory 解析
which makes me puzzled. B.contradict D.contradiction
contradict each other相互矛盾。
12.Last winter was extraordinarily cold.
Many people say it was the coldest weather A . A.ever experienced B.once experienced
D.yet experienced 解析 ever曾经，此句表示“所曾经经历过的 最冷的天气”。
you don’t have my phone number,
it’s 620-8437.I look forward to meeting you soon. A.As long as C.Even though B.For fear that D.In case
14.What a pity! Considering his ability and experience,he C.can have done 解析 D better.
A.need have done
B.must have done
D.might have done
他本可以做得更好。A项“本来有必要做(而没 做)”；B项是对过去发生的事情的肯定的推测, 表示“过去一定做了”；C项是对过去发生的事 情的不肯定的推测；D项表示“本来可以”。
15.—I wonder if I should stay until the
whole thing is over. — D . A.It’s all right B.It’s nothing
C.It’s kind of you
D.It’s up to you 解析 It’s up to you.表示“由你来定”。
责骂我的。(regardless of) Regardless of what you say,I won’t let you in.Otherwise,the boss will scold me. 2.为了满足他们的需要,政府提供了大量的纯净水。 (meet) To meet their demands,the government provided them with plenty of purified water.
3.整晚的表演都枯燥无味,所以民间舞蹈成了晚会 上的精彩部分。(highlight) All the performances in that evening were dull,so the folk dancing became the
highlight of the party.
4.考虑到他们的实际情况,我们决定改变计划。 (considering) Considering their real situation,we decided to change our plan.
It was because he couldn’t support his family that he agreed to work as a domestic servant. 6.他觉得老师偏爱学习成绩好的同学。 (favor) He feels the teacher favors those who are very academic.