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模块八第四单元


Unit 4

Films and film events 基础落实

Ⅰ.高频单词思忆
1.representative n. 代表 → represent v.
→ representative adj.有代表性的 → representation n.代表 2.defence n.保卫;防卫 →defend v.→

defensive adj. 3.satisfaction n. 满意 → satisfy v. → satisfying adj.令人满意的→ satisfied adj.感到满意的→satisfactory adj.合适的;满

足要求的

4.suspect vt. 怀疑→ suspect n.嫌疑犯 → suspicious adj.可疑的

5.favour vt.偏爱,偏袒 →favourable adj.赞许的;
称赞的→ favourite adj.特别喜欢的 6.interrupt vt.&vi.打扰;打断 →interruption n. 7.complaint n. 抱怨 → complain v. 8.salute vt. 向??敬礼 → salutation n.

Ⅱ.重点词语再现
1.在全世界享有好声誉 have a good reputation

worldwide 2.达标 meet the standard
3.对??敏感 be sensitive to 4.入场券 admission tickets 5.令某人满意的是 to one’s satisfaction 6.缺席会议 be absent from the meeting

7.获胜 win a victory
8.实现梦想 realize one’s dream

9.与某人有约 have an appointment with sb.
10.在??方面有经验 be experienced at 11.区别A和B distinguish between A and B 12.考虑,思考 give thought to 13.达成协议,达成共识 make an agreement 14.占少数 in the minority

Ⅲ.典型句式运用
1.考虑到我们电影节的历史,我们觉得不偏向某一

国家的电影是非常重要的。
Considering the history of our festival, we feel it is important not to favour

films from any one country.
2.这部电影前一部分有很多地方本都可以跳 过?? Much of this early part of the film could have been skipped...

3.如果一部电影在圣丹斯电影节获得奖项,它就很 可能出名!

Now,if a film wins an award at Sundance,
there is a good chance that it will become famous!

4.我认为这是为了更加突出电影高超的特效,而不
是有助于表现电影的情节。 I think this is more to highlight the advanced special effects than to help the film’s plot.

Ⅳ.综合语篇填空
1.Our policy is to include high-quality
films,regardless of who makes them. 2.As long as the film’s quality meets our

standards,we include it.
3.Some critics say that it has taken a step backwards,and is beginning to resemble the Academy Awards in Hollywood too much. 4.Even with these small problems, Harry

P ot t er a nd t he P hi l osopher ’ s St one i s
s ti l l a g r eat film,and I definitely recommend it!

导练互动
重点单词

1.favour vt.偏爱,偏袒;支持;n.恩惠;帮助
?挑战自我 (1)母亲不应该特别偏爱某一个孩子。

A mother mustn’t favour one of her children more than the others.
(2)你能帮我一个忙吗? Will you do me a favor ? =May I ask a favor of you ? (3)我完全支持同工同酬。 I’m all in favour of equal pay for equal work.?

帮你归纳

in favour of支持,赞成
do sb.a favour=do a favour for sb. 帮助某人 in one’s favor对某人有利

favourable adj.赞成的;对??有利的
favourite adj.特别喜欢的;n.特别喜欢的人或物 one’s favourite某人的最爱 即学活练 (4)There were 247 votes B the motion and B.in favor of D.in view of

152 against.
A.in relation to C.in contrast to

2.resemble vt.相似,类似
?挑战自我 (1)这种植物的外形像草。 The plant resembles grass in appearance. (2)这么多的旅馆外形都相似。

So many hotels resemble each other .
?温馨提示 resemble常接介词in表示在某方面相似。不用

进行时态且无被动语态。?

帮你归纳 resemblance n.相似(后接to或between)

a striking/strong resemblance to和??有明
显的相似之处 即学活练 (3)You have a strong resemblance A your f a t h e r , b u t you resemble your mother

neither
A.to;in;in C.in;in;in

character nor

appearance.

B.in;to;to D.between;in;in

(4)他极像他父亲。 He strongly resembles his father.

3.suspect vt.猜疑,怀疑;n.嫌疑犯
?挑战自我 (1)我们怀疑他给我们提供了假情报。

We suspect that he gave us the false
information. =We suspect him of giving us the false information. (2)我怀疑他的动机。 I suspected his motives. (3)两名与抢劫案有关的嫌疑犯今天被逮捕。 Two suspects were arrested today in

connection with the robbery.

帮你归纳 suspect sb.of (doing) sth.怀疑某人做过某事 suspect sb.to be...怀疑某人是??

suspect that...怀疑??
即学活练 (4)汤姆怀疑玛丽拿了他的钱。 Tom suspected Mary of taking his money./ Tom suspected that Mary had taken his money. (5)我怀疑他是个小偷。 I suspect that he is a thief./I suspect him to be a thief.

4.view vt.认为;看作;n.观点,看法
?挑战自我 (1)我认为你需要的是仔细考虑。 In my view ,what you need is careful consideration. (2)我们都认为假期是休闲放松的时间,但她有不 同的见解。 We view the holiday as a time for relaxation,but she has a different idea. (3)如果我们从不同的角度看问题,答案可能变得 更明显。 If we view the problem from a different angle,the solution may become more obvious.

帮你归纳

in one’s view依某人的看法
a point of view观点;着眼点 at first view初看;乍一见 in view在视野中 in view of鉴于;由于 on view展览中;展出中 view sb./sth.as sth.把??视为?? 即学活练 (4)Our school is more beautiful when from the top of the hill. A.view B.viewing D

C.to view

D.viewed

5.distinguish vt.&vi.区别,区分;使与众不同
?挑战自我

(1)你应该会区分好坏。
You should be able to distinguish between right and wrong .

(2)有色盲的人常分不清红绿。
People who are color?blind often can’t distinguish red from green .

帮你归纳

(1)distinguish between...and...区分??
和?? distinguish...from...把??和??区分开 (2)用法相似的短语还有: tell the difference between A and B 说出A与B

之间的不同
tell A from B把A与B区分开来 tell A and B apart把A与B分开

differ A from B使A不同于B

即学活练

(3)Speech
animals.

A

human beings from the
B.shows D.expresses

A.distinguishes C.explains

6.satisfaction n.[U]满意,满足;(愿望、
需求等)实现;[C]令人满意的事
?挑战自我 (1)她从帮助别人中得到很大满足。 She got great satisfaction from helping

people.
(2)我们所应该做的是满足公共需求。 What we should do is to meet the satisfaction of public demand. (3)得知她身体痊愈是非常令人满意的事。 It is a great satisfaction to know she is well again.?

帮你归纳 to one’s satisfaction=to the satisfaction of sb.使某人满意的是?? be satisfied with...对??满意

satisfy vt.使满意,使满足
satisfied adj.感到满意的 satisfying adj.令人满意的

satisfactory adj.令人满意的
即学活练 (4)回顾自己的事业,他深感欣慰。 He looked back on his career with great satisfaction.

重点短语与句型

7.give thought to考虑,思考
?挑战自我 (1)我一直在认真地考虑你的提议。 I’ve been carefully giving thought to your proposal.

(2)他凝视着窗外,陷入沉思。
He was staring out of the window, lost in thought .

帮你归纳 be lost in thought陷入沉思 without a second thought不假思索;立即, 马上

at the thought of一想到??就
on second thought(s)经重新考虑 have thought of...有??的打算 thought for...对??的体谅/关怀 thoughtful adj.细心的,体贴的

即学活练

(3)I’ll give
we

A

to your suggestion that

a party in honor of the

experienced professor.

A.much thought;hold
B.many thoughts;should hold C.much thought;will hold D.some thought;can hold

(4) D

in thought,he didn’t notice the B.Lose D.Lost

teacher come in,standing by him.
A.Losing C.Loses

8.contrary to和??相反
?挑战自我

(1)与人们对他的评价相反,他人很好。
He is very nice,contrary to what people say about him. (2)你没有打扰我,正相反,我喜欢有你做伴。 You didn’t bother me.On the contrary ,I like your company.

帮你归纳
on the contrary正相反 quite/just the contrary恰恰相反 即学活练 (3)—I am sure you like your new job.

— A

,it’s dull.
B.Sure D.Sorry

A.On the contrary C.Indeed

9.regardless of不管,不顾
?挑战自我

(1)他们不顾法律条例决定举行罢工。
They are determined to strike regardless of what the law says. (2)妻子坚持加入俱乐部,丝毫不顾她丈夫的 反对。 The wife insisted on joining the club, regardless of her husband’s objection.

帮你归纳 表示“虽然/尽管??”的结构:

(1)despite(=in spite of)是介词,后接名词或
代词。 (2)though/although是连词,引导让步状语从句。 (3)as是连词,引导让步状语从句且部分成分要 倒装。 In spite of/Despite the heavy rain,he went to work as usual. =Though/Although it rained heavily,he went

to work as usual.
虽然下着大雨,他还是像往常一样去上班了。

Happy as they were,there was something

missing.
尽管他们很快乐,但总缺少点什么。 即学活练 (3)Kang Jie,a girl who was saved at Wenchuan Earthquake,was still concerned

about others
C.in case of

B

her own injury.
B.regardless of D.in the name of

A.on account of

10.make an agreement达成共识,签订协议
?挑战自我
(1)我们和美国就捕鱼业达成了协议。 We have made an agreement on fishing with America.?

帮你归纳 under the/an agreement根据协议 break an agreement打破协议 reach/come to/arrive at an agreement达成 协议

be in agreement with sb. 同意某人所说的
be in agreement on/upon/about sth. 对某事意 见一致

即学活练

(2)At last we
A.made;that

A

an agreement

we

should start at once.

B.come;that
C.reach;which D.arrived at;on which

11.There is a good chance...很有可能??
Now,if a film wins an award at Sundance,
t h e r e i s a good chance that it will become famous! 如果一部电影在圣丹斯电影节 获得奖项,它就很可能出名!(回归课本P51)?

?挑战自我

(1)他不大可能改变主张。
There is no chance that he will change his mind.

(2)他有可能通过考试吗?
Is there any chance of his passing the exam? (3)很有可能他已经听到这个消息。 Chances are that he has heard the news.

帮你归纳 There is a good/little/no chance ... 或 Chances are that... 是固定句型, 表示“很有可 能 / 有一点可能 / 没有可能” ,chance 是可数名词 ,

意思是“可能性”。
即学活练 (4)我们打电话的时候他们很有可能不在家。 Chances are that they will be out when we call. (5)他们停止打仗的可能性很小。 There is little chance that they will stop fighting.

品味构词
1.利用派生法,品句填词
(1)There are many stars in the Chinese basketball team,while Yao Ming is a superstar .(star) (2)She became a model after graduation. Now she is doing her best to be a supermodel .(model)

串联扩展
前缀 名词/动词/形容词 market市场 human人 名词/动词/形容词 supermarket超市 superhuman 超出常人的 superpower 超级大国

power力量
structure结构

superstructure 上部结构 supertax 附加所得税
supercharged 增压的,提高功率的 supernatural 超自然的 superintend 监督

super

tax税 charge充电 natural自然的

intend想要

2.利用派生法,品句填词
(1)People all over China have known for the West Lake.(know) (2)He has not developed a good relationship with his workmates,because he always has a well-developed sense of his own the West

Lake in Hangzhou.So Hangzhou is well-known

superiority.(develop)

串联扩展 词根 动词的过去分词 派生词

advised建议
balanced平衡 kept保持

well advised 审慎的
well balanced 情绪稳定的 well kept 悉心照料的

meant打算
well

well meant 善意的 well founded 有根据的
well fed 营养足的

founded建立
fed喂

read读 timed记时
tried尝试

well read 博学的 well timed 适时的
well tried 屡试不爽的

考题回扣
【例1】My parents don’t mind what job I do C I am happy. ( 陕西高考) B.as soon as D.as though A.even though C.as long as 解析

even though 即使; as soon as 一 ??

就??;as long as只要;as though似乎,好
像。句意为:只要我快乐我父母不介意我做什 么工作。 课文原文 As long as the film’s quality meets our

standards,we include it.(P50)

【例 2 】 She A A.can’t C.shouldn’t

have left school,for her (天津高考) B.wouldn’t D.needn’t

bike is still here.

解析

句意为:她不可能离开了学校 ,因为她的

自行车仍然在这儿。can’t表示不可能; wouldn ’ t have done 表虚拟; shouldn ’ t

have done 本不该做 ( 却已做了 ) ; needn ’ t
have done本没必要做(但已做了)。 课文原文 Much of this early part of the film could have been skipped...(P63)

【例3】—I’m sure Andrew will win the first prize in the final. —I think so.He A.is preparing B.was preparing C.had been preparing D.has been preparing 解析 由句中“ for months ” 与“ will ” 可 知,prepare的动作应发生在过去而且到目前还 在继续,故用现在完成进行时。 D for it for months.

(江苏高考)

课文原文 Harry,a sensitive young boy,has been living with his relatives,the Dursleys.(P 62)

【例4】It was in New Zealand first met Mr.Smith. A.that C.which B.how D.when

A

Elizabeth

(全国Ⅱ高考)

解析

句意为:正是在新西兰伊丽莎白第一次

见到史密斯先生。 It+be+ 被强调成分 +that- ? clause句型为强调句。 课文原文 It was then that Robert Redford took over

and changed the focus to saluting
independent films.(P50)

【例 5 】 By nine o’clock,all the Olympic torchbearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, soon. A.of which C.from which D appeared a rare rainbow (福建高考) B.on which D.above which

解析

考查介词 + 关系代词引导的定语从句。

which指代Mount Qomolangma,rainbow应在山峰 的上空,故用介词above。

课文原文
The skill with which these three become their characters is the real highlight of

the film.(Ps62-63)

自主检测
Ⅰ.品句填词
1.Do you feel a sense of satisfaction(满足) at the end of the working day? 2.The government has agreed to lift restrictions (限制) on press freedom. 3.She has been awarded (获奖) a scholarship to study at Beijing University. 4.When I arrived at the school this

morning,I saw the students saluting (敬礼)
the national flag in line.

5.I seem to have deleted (删除) a file by

mistake because I can’t find it any more.
6.You should phone his secretary if you want to make an appointment with the

manager.
7.College students often send their dirty clothes to the laundry instead of washing them on their own.

8.The tournament is open to amateurs as well as professionals. 9.Jean wrote a letter to the teacher in defence/defense of her behavior. 10.Contrary to the popular belief,many cats dislike milk.

Ⅱ.短语识境
view...as...;in one’s defence;as long
as;in the minority;distinguish...from...; contrary to;on the contrary;give thought

to;meet one’s needs
1.We all view the holiday as a time for recreation,but she has a different idea. 2.I must say in her defence that she works very hard.

3.Please tell me how to distinguish a
poisonous snake from a harmless snake.

4.In order to meet the residents’ needs , the government is planning to build another gasworks. 5.While the army takes both men and women,

women are in the minority .
6.We may accept opinions that are contrary to our own.

7.I am not sick. On the contrary ,I am very
well. 8.Would you please give some thought to the suggestions put forward by the students? 9.We’ll go so long as the weather is good.

Ⅲ.单项填空
1.The supply of electric power to this city
has to be A.weakened C . B.omitted

C.restricted
解析 2. A 供应不得不受到限制。

D.lowered

restrict限制。句意:这个城市的电力 do you think is suspected of

murdering the old man by the police?

A.Who
解析

B.Whom

C.What

D.Why

本句为插入疑问句,who为句子主语。

3.Be quiet! It’s rude to
they are talking. A.stop C.prevent 解析

D

people when

B.introduce D.interrupt

interrupt sb.打断某人(谈话、工作等)。

4.He always does well at school
A.in spite of C.on account of 解析

A having

to do part?time job every now and then. B.regardless of D.in case of

in spite of 尽管; regardless of 不

管,不顾;on account of因为;in case of如
果,假使。句意:尽管他有时不得不打零工, 他在校表现一直很好。

5.—What do you think of the meal? —Although some dishes don’t agree me, it’s really a nice meal. A.on B.to C

C.with
解析 合;不相宜”。

D.for

agree with在此表示“使难受;不适

6.He went back to the hall to try his D at
finding his lost gold watch,but never found it. A.best C.result B.success D.luck

解析

try one’s luck碰运气。

7.Don’t be so discouraged.If you D such

feelings,you will do better next time.
A.carry on C.break down 解析 B.get back D.put away

carry on开展,进行;get back取回,拿

回;break down分解,崩溃;put away收拾起来。

8.Beck is an honest businessman.Our company
and his have had a lot of A in the past five years. A.deals C.rewards B.agreements D.sales

解析

deals表示“生意”。

9.—Should I talk to you in English or French?

—Do as you
A.think C.care 解析

D

.We understand both.
B.feel like D.please

do as you please/like表示“随便”。

10.Why! I have nothing to say. want to know?

A

you

A.What is it that
C.How is it that 解析

B.What it is that
D.How it is that

本题为强调句型的特殊疑问句,强调疑

问词what。句意:我没有什么可说的,你究竟 想知道什么?

11.Your two statements A.contrary C.contradictory 解析

B

each other,

which makes me puzzled. B.contradict D.contradiction

contradict each other相互矛盾。

12.Last winter was extraordinarily cold.
Many people say it was the coldest weather A . A.ever experienced B.once experienced

C.never experienced
D.yet experienced 解析 ever曾经,此句表示“所曾经经历过的 最冷的天气”。

13. D

you don’t have my phone number,

it’s 620-8437.I look forward to meeting you soon. A.As long as C.Even though B.For fear that D.In case

解析

in case表示“万一,以防”。

14.What a pity! Considering his ability and experience,he C.can have done 解析 D better.

A.need have done

B.must have done
D.might have done

句意:太遗憾了!鉴于他的能力和经验,

他本可以做得更好。A项“本来有必要做(而没 做)”;B项是对过去发生的事情的肯定的推测, 表示“过去一定做了”;C项是对过去发生的事 情的不肯定的推测;D项表示“本来可以”。

15.—I wonder if I should stay until the
whole thing is over. — D . A.It’s all right B.It’s nothing

C.It’s kind of you
D.It’s up to you 解析 It’s up to you.表示“由你来定”。

Ⅳ.翻译句子
1.不管你怎么说,我不会让你进去的,否则老板会
责骂我的。(regardless of) Regardless of what you say,I won’t let you in.Otherwise,the boss will scold me. 2.为了满足他们的需要,政府提供了大量的纯净水。 (meet) To meet their demands,the government provided them with plenty of purified water.

3.整晚的表演都枯燥无味,所以民间舞蹈成了晚会 上的精彩部分。(highlight) All the performances in that evening were dull,so the folk dancing became the

highlight of the party.
4.考虑到他们的实际情况,我们决定改变计划。 (considering) Considering their real situation,we decided to change our plan.

5.正因为他无法养家才同意做家仆。(It

was...that...)
It was because he couldn’t support his family that he agreed to work as a domestic servant. 6.他觉得老师偏爱学习成绩好的同学。 (favor) He feels the teacher favors those who are very academic.

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