当前位置:首页 >> 机械/仪表 >>

FMVSS


§ 571.224

49 CFR Ch. V (10–1–02 Edition)

[61 FR 2030, Jan. 24, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 3662, Jan. 26, 1998]

§ 571.224 Standard No. 224; Rear impact protecti

on. S1. Scope. This standard establishes requirements for the installation of rear impact guards on trailers and semitrailers with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,536 kg or more. S2. Purpose. The purpose of this standard is to reduce the number of deaths and serious injuries occurring when light duty vehicles impact the rear of trailers and semitrailers with a GVWR of 4,536 kg or more. S3. Application. This standard applies to trailers and semitrailers with a GVWR of 4,536 kg or more. The standard does not apply to pole trailers, pulpwood trailers, special purpose vehi-

cles, wheels back vehicles, or temporary living quarters as defined in 49 CFR 529.2. If a cargo tank motor vehicle, as defined in 49 CFR 171.8, is certified to carry hazardous materials and has a rear bumper or rear end protection device conforming with 49 CFR part 178 located in the area of the horizontal member of the rear underride guard required by this standard, the guard need not comply with the energy absorption requirement (S5.2.2) of 49 CFR 571.223. S4. Definitions. Chassis means the load supporting frame structure of a motor vehicle. Horizontal member means the structural member of the guard that meets the configuration requirements of S5.1 of this section when the guard is installed on the vehicle according to the

698
EC01AU91.146</GPH>

VerDate 0ct<31>2002

14:20 Dec 13, 2002

Jkt 197204

PO 00000

Frm 00698

Fmt 8010

Sfmt 8010

Y:\SGML\197204T.XXX

197204T

Nat’l Highway Traffic Safety Admin., DOT
installation instructions or procedures required by S5.5 of § 571.223, Rear Impact Guards. Low chassis vehicle means a trailer or semitrailer having a chassis that extends behind the rearmost point of the rearmost tires and a lower rear surface that meets the configuration requirements of S5.1.1 through 5.1.3 of this section. Outer or Outboard means away from the trailer centerline and toward the side extremities of the trailer. Pulpwood trailer means a trailer that is designed exclusively for harvesting logs or pulpwood and constructed with a skeletal frame with no means for attachment of a solid bed, body, or container. Rear extremity means the rearmost point on a vehicle that is above a horizontal plane located 560 mm above the ground and below a horizontal plane located 1,900 mm above the ground when the vehicle is configured as specified in S5.1 of this section and when the vehicle’s cargo doors, tailgate, or other permanent structures are positioned as they normally are when the vehicle is in motion. Nonstructural protrusions such as taillights, rubber bumpers, hinges and latches are excluded from the determination of the rearmost point. Rounded corner means a guard’s outermost end that curves upward or forward toward the front of the vehicle, or both. Side extremity means the outermost point on a vehicle’s side that is located above a horizontal plane 560 mm above the ground, below a horizontal plane located 190 cm above the ground, and between a transverse vertical plane tangent to the rear extremity of the vehicle and a transverse vertical plane located 305 mm forward of that plane when the vehicle is configured as specified in S5.1 of this section. Non-structural protrusions such as taillights, hinges, rubber bumpers, and latches are excluded from the determination of the outermost point. Special purpose vehicle means a trailer or semitrailer having work-performing equipment that, while the vehicle is in transit, resides in or moves through the area that could be occupied by the horizontal member of the rear

§ 571.224
underride guard, as defined by S5.1.1 through S5.1.3. Wheels back vehicle means a trailer or semitrailer whose rearmost axle is permanently fixed and is located such that the rearmost surface of tires of the size recommended by the vehicle manufacturer for the vehicle on that axle is not more than 305 mm forward of the transverse vertical plane tangent to the rear extremity of the vehicle. S5. Requirements. S5.1 Installation; vehicle configuration. Each vehicle shall be equipped with a rear impact guard certified as meeting Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 223, Rear Impact Guards (§ 571.223). When the vehicle to which the guard is attached is resting on level ground, unloaded, with its full capacity of fuel, and with its tires inflated and air suspension, if so equipped, pressurized in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations, the guard shall comply with the requirements of S5.1.1 through S5.1.3 of this section. See Figure 1 of this section. S5.1.1 Guard width. The outermost surfaces of the horizontal member of the guard shall extend outboard to within 100 mm of the longitudinal vertical planes that are tangent to the side extremities of the vehicle, but shall not extend outboard of those planes. See Figure 1 of this section. S5.1.2 Guard height. The vertical distance between the bottom edge of the horizontal member of the guard and the ground shall not exceed 560 mm at any point across the full width of the member. Notwithstanding this requirement, guards with rounded corners may curve upward within 255 mm of the longitudinal vertical planes that are tangent to the side extremities of the vehicle. See Figure 1 of this section. S5.1.3 Guard rear surface. At any height 560 mm or more above the ground, the rearmost surface of the horizontal member of the guard shall be located as close as practical to a transverse vertical plane tangent to the rear extremity of the vehicle, but no more than 305 mm forward of that plane. Notwithstanding this requirement, the horizontal member may extend rearward of the plane, and guards

699

VerDate 0ct<31>2002

14:20 Dec 13, 2002

Jkt 197204

PO 00000

Frm 00699

Fmt 8010

Sfmt 8010

Y:\SGML\197204T.XXX

197204T

§ 571.224
with rounded corners may curve forward within 255 mm of the longitudinal vertical planes that are tangent to the side extremities of the vehicle. S5.2 Installation Requirements. Guards shall be attached to the vehicle’s chassis by the vehicle manufacturer in ac-

49 CFR Ch. V (10–1–02 Edition)
cordance with the installation instructions or procedures provided pursuant to S5.5 of Standard No. 223, Rear Impact Guards (§ 571.223). The vehicle must be of a type identified in the installation instructions as appropriate for the guard.

700
EC01AU91.147</GPH>

VerDate 0ct<31>2002

14:20 Dec 13, 2002

Jkt 197204

PO 00000

Frm 00700

Fmt 8010

Sfmt 8010

Y:\SGML\197204T.XXX

197204T

Nat’l Highway Traffic Safety Admin., DOT
[61 FR 2035, Jan. 24, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 3662, Jan. 26, 1998]

§ 571.225
faces of the vehicle seat cushion and the seat back. SFAD 1 means Static Force Application Device 1 shown in Figures 12 to 16 of this standard. SFAD 2 means Static Force Application Device 2 shown in Figures 17 and 18 of this standard. Shuttle bus means a bus with only one row of forward-facing seating positions rearward of the driver’s seat. Tether anchorage means a user-ready, permanently installed vehicle system that transfers loads from a tether strap through the tether hook to the vehicle structure and that accepts a tether hook. Tether strap means a strap that is secured to the rigid structure of the seat back of a child restraint system, and is connected to a tether hook that transfers the load from that system to the tether anchorage. Tether hook means a device, illustrated in Figure 11 of Standard No. 213 (§ 571.213), used to attach a tether strap to a tether anchorage. S4. General vehicle requirements. S4.1 Each tether anchorage and each child restraint anchorage system installed, either voluntarily or pursuant to this standard, in any new vehicle manufactured on or after September 1, 1999, shall comply with the configuration, location, marking and strength requirements of this standard. The vehicle shall be delivered with written information, in English, on how to appropriately use those anchorages and systems. S4.2 For passenger cars manufactured on or after September 1, 1999 and before September 1, 2000, not less than 80 percent of the manufacturer’s average annual production of vehicles (not including convertibles), as set forth in S13, shall be equipped with a tether anchorage as specified in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of S4.2, except as provided in S5. (a) Each vehicle with three or more forward-facing rear designated seating positions shall be equipped with a tether anchorage conforming to the requirements of S6 at no fewer than three forward-facing rear designated

§ 571.225 Standard No. 225; Child restraint anchorage systems. S1. Purpose and scope. This standard establishes requirements for child restraint anchorage systems to ensure their proper location and strength for the effective securing of child restraints, to reduce the likelihood of the anchorage systems’ failure, and to increase the likelihood that child restraints are properly secured and thus more fully achieve their potential effectiveness in motor vehicles. S2. Application. This standard applies to passenger cars; to trucks and multipurpose passenger vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 3,855 kilograms (8,500 pounds) or less, except walk-in van-type vehicles and vehicles manufactured to be sold exclusively to the U.S. Postal Service; and to buses (including school buses) with a GVWR of 4,536 kg (10,000 lb) or less, except shuttle buses. S3. Definitions. Child restraint anchorage means any vehicle component, other than Type I or Type II seat belts, that is involved in transferring loads generated by a child restraint system to the vehicle structure. Child restraint anchorage system means a vehicle system that is designed for attaching a child restraint system to a vehicle at a particular designated seating position, consisting of: (a) Two lower anchorages meeting the requirements of S9; and (b) A tether anchorage meeting the requirements of S6. Child restraint fixture (CRF) means the fixture depicted in Figures 1 and 2 of this standard that simulates the dimensions of a child restraint system, and that is used to determine the space required by the child restraint system and the location and accessibility of the lower anchorages. Rear designated seating position means any designated seating position (as that term is defined at § 571.3) that is rearward of the front seats(s). Seat bight means the area close to and including the intersection of the sur-

701

VerDate 0ct<31>2002

14:20 Dec 13, 2002

Jkt 197204

PO 00000

Frm 00701

Fmt 8010

Sfmt 8010

Y:\SGML\197204T.XXX

197204T


相关文章:
FMVSS 201中文版
FMVSS 201U -Upper Interior Head Impact Protection S1 目的和范围旨在规定碰撞过程中的乘员保护 S2 实施对象乘用车、多功能乘用车、卡车和整备质量不超过 4536kg ...
美国汽车安全技术法规(FMVSS)目录 (2)
美国汽车安全技术法规(FMVSS)目录 (2)_机械/仪表_工程科技_专业资料。汽车类美国安全技术法规 年美国汽车安全技术法规(FMVSS) 2010 年美国汽车安全技术法规(FMVSS)...
美国DOT汽车安全技术法规资料(FMVSS)
DOT 认证制度美国汽车安全技术法规 FMVSS 美国是世界上法律法规体系最完备的国家之一,政府从维护整个社会和公众的利益出发,将汽车产品的设 计与制造纳入社会管理的...
FMVSS 108中文版翻译.doc
FMVSS 108中文版翻译.doc_文学研究_人文社科_专业资料。§ 571.108 Standard No. 108; Lamps, reflective devices, and associated equipment. (灯具,反射装置和...
FMVSS 201-美标侧围碰撞点的标定
FMVSS 201-美标侧围 16 个碰撞点的标定方法 涂少平 简介:美标顶棚、柱护板的设计主要考虑的是 FMVSS 201 法规:即根据法规中的要求找出分 布在 A/B/C 柱...
美国汽车安全技术法规(FMVSS)中文版
美国汽车安全技术法规(FMVSS)中文版_交通运输_工程科技_专业资料。101-控制器和显示器 摘要-本标准要求基本控制器位于当驾驶员被腰带限制以及躯干上部也被限制的...
FMVSS-571.302汽车内饰材料的燃烧特性
FMVSS-571.302汽车内饰材料的燃烧特性_材料科学_工程科技_专业资料。FMVSS-571.302汽车内饰材料的燃烧特性 中文版 联邦机动车辆安全标准 第 571.302 条 汽车内饰...
FMVSS_目录
FMVSS_目录_信息与通信_工程科技_专业资料 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 FMVSS_目录_信息与通信_工程科技_专业资料。Title 49--Transportation CHAPTER V--...
美国DOT认证(FMVSS)
(FMVSS)符合性申请书; 3)随机选择样品进行检测; 4)如果产品测试未通过,申请人需要对产品进行改进,重新送交样品进行再次检测,直至最终通过检测; 5)OVSC 与 DOT ...
FMVSS-571.221学童客车的车身联结强度
FMVSS-571.221学童客车的车身联结强度_交通运输_工程科技_专业资料。美国联邦机动车安全标准 第571.221条学童客车的车身联结强度 中文版...
更多相关标签: