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Great scientist


Unit 1

Great scientists
Reading and

第一学时

Comprehension

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?Task 1 快速阅读课文John Snow Defeats “King Cholera”, 然后用大约30词写出课文的概要。
温馨提示:本文属记叙文。写记叙文的概要时要紧扣人物、 事件、结果等要素。 John Snow, a wellknown doctor in London, ___________________________________________________ used his knowledge to find out the cause of the _____________________ deadly disease,cholera,and managed to defeat ___________________________________________________ it in 1850s. _____________________ ___________________________________________________ ____________________ www.gzjxw.net

?Task 2 仔细阅读课文 John Snow Defeats “King Cholera”, 然后根据课文内容选出最佳选项。
D 1.From the first paragraph we can infer that_______.

A.John Snow was a famous doctor
B.Queen Victoria respected John Snow C.Cholera was a deadly disease of its day D.John Snow was willing to help ordinary people

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2.John Snow finally proved the theory he believed by ________. D A.gathering information with the help of a map B.looking into the source of the water for Broad Street and Cambridge Street C.separating those who suffered cholera from those who didn't D.both A and B

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3.What did John Snow's test show ? A.Cholera was spread in a cloud of gas.

B.The beer in the pub was polluted.
C.Cholera attacked the people in the whole district. D.Cholera was spread by germs. 答案:D

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A 4.Another title of the text should be________. A.John Snow and Cholera

B.The Discovery of Cholera
C.John Snow, a Great Scientist D.John Snow Became Famous

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A 5.The text is written as a(n)________ . A.biography

B.description
C.creative story D.essay

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?Task 3 再次阅读John Snow Defeats “King Cholera ”,完成 下列表格。
Items Facts Cholera was 1.________ disease in London in the The problem middle of the 19th century.It couldn't be 2.________ until its cause 3.________.

答案:1.the most deadly 3.was found

2.controlled

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One idea was that cholera 4.________ without reason.It was a strange cloud that attacked its The ideas 5.________.The other idea was that people 6.________ this disease with their meals.

答案:4.multiplied in the air
6.absorbed

5.victims

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When another 7.________ hit London in 1854, he found that in 8.________ streets the outbreak was so 9.________ that more than 500 people died in 10 days.He 10.________ on a map where all the dead people lived.The map gave a 11.________ about the cause of How John cholera.It seemed that the water these people drunk Snow found out the cause 12.______.After he looked into 13.________ for these two streets, he found people died of cholera after drinking the 14.________ water.So John Snow believed that cholera was spread 15.________ and not in a cloud of gas.

答案:7.outbreak

8.two particular

9.severe

10.marked 11.valuable clue 12.was to blame 13.the source of the water 14.polluted www.gzjxw.net 15.by germs

The conclusion

John Snow was able to defeat cholera once its cause 16.________.

答案:16.was found

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?Task 4 根据课文内容填空。
physician John Snow was a well known 1.________in the nineteenth 2.________century in London.In order to find defeat/ the3.________of cholera and 4.________it, John cause conquer Snow tried to gather useful information when broke another cholera 5.________out in 1854. He marked where on a map 6.________all the dead had lived then he found that many people who had drunk the 7.________water from the pump died. polluted

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As a result, he announced that the dirty water carried 8.________cholera. Meanwhile he suggested that examined the source of all water supply be 9.________and new methods of dealing with polluted water be found. Finallymanaged he 10.________to defeat “ King Cholera”

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