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非谓语动词练习


51. _____ it or not, his discovery has shocked everyone in scientific circles. A. Believe B. To believe C. Believing D. Believed 52. To tell you the truth, I’d rather read than watch televisi

on; the programs seem _____ all the time. A. to get worse B. to be getting worse C. to have got worse D. getting worse 53. After the Arab states won independence, great em phasis was laid on education, with girls as well as boys _____ to go to school. A. to be encouraged B. encouraging C. encouraged D. be encouraged 54. Everyone had an application form in his hand, but no one knew which office _____. A. to send it to B. to send it C. to be sent to D. to have it sent 55. _____that it was going to snow, the climbers decided to put off their attempt on the highest mountain. A. Having told B. Having been told C. Tell D. Telling 56. As is known to us all, traveling is _____, but we often feel _____ when we are back from travels. A. interesting; tired B. interested; tiring C. interesting; tiring D. interested; tired 57. The foreign tourists have visited many scenic spots in Shanghai, _____ as interpreter. A. the guide acts B. the guide acting C. acting D. acted 58. Linda is thought to_____ in Africa, but I really don’t know what country she’s working in. A. have worked B. work C. be working D. be worked 59. _____ time and labor, cartoonists generally draw the hands of their characters with only 3 fingers and a thumb. A. To save B. Saved C. Saving D. Having saved 60. I am busy _____ for the entrance examination, so I can’t help _____ housework at home. A. preparing; doing B. preparing; to do C. to prepare; doing D. to prepare; to do 61. In order to protect our planet, _____. A. all kinds of pollution should be reduced B. we should reduce all kinds of pollution C. the environment should be protected first D. it’s important to protect our environment
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62. Hoping he would not be seen, Bob stole in, _____ his schoolbag and rushed out. A. picking upB. picked up C. to pick up D. having picked up 63. _____ money if you can and many poor children in the poor mountainous areas will be able to go back to school. A. Having given B. Given C. To give D. Give 64. Whatever trouble Mr. White had ____ with the case, he would stick to his own opinion. A. deal B. to deal C. dealt D. dealing 65. While listening to pop music, _____. A. she felt asleep B. the light went out C. someone knocked at the door D. and she couldn’t help laughing 66. _____ the distance was too long and the time was short, we decided not to drive to Florida. A. Discovering B. To discover C. To have discovered D. Discovered 67. _____, J.K. Rowling is considered to be the best fiction writer. A. Having sold millions of copies of her books B. Because millions of copies of her books are sold C. Sold millions of copies of her books D. Selling millions of copies of her books 68. What surprised me most was that there appeared a _____ look on her face on hearing the unexpected news. A. worrying B. worried C.worry D. worries 69. _____ one of the most important inventions of the time, the computer helps people living in different countries to do a lot of things. A. Knowing to be B. It was known C. Known as D. Which was known to be 70. — Did you enjoy yourself last night? — It’s very nice of you. I appreciated _____ to the party. A. to be invited B. to have invited C. being invited D. having been invited 71. If you go to the West Lake in Hangzhou, you will find it more attractive than commonly_____. A. supposing B. to suppose C. supposed D. being supposed 72. — Haven’t you seen the sign,_____ “NO PHOTOS”? — I’m really sorry I didn’t. A. reads B. to read C. read D. reading 73. — Do you feel like _____ out? — No. I’d rather we _____ a taxi. A. to drive; take B. to drive; took
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C. driving; take D. driving; took 74. — Kate shouldn’t have done that sort of thing. — Whatever she did was reasonable, _____ to what you had done. Besides, it’s none of your business. Get down to _____ your work. A. comparing; doing B. comparing; do C. compared; doing D. compared; do 75. _____ nice and delicious, the fried chicken was soon sold out. A. Tasted B. Being tasted C. Tasting D. To taste 76. — The plan is heard _____ so well that we don’t have to make any changes. — It is indeed. A. to design B. designing C. designed D. design 77. While we’re developing agriculture and industry, we must prevent the earth _____. A. from polluting B. polluted C. polluting D. being polluted 78. The woman found it no good _____ her daughter too much money. A. giving B. being given C. given D. gave 79. He felt it a great honour _____ to visit me when I was in his city. A. to have been taken B. to have taken C. having taken D. being taken 80. Will you please tell me why you had no pen _____ in class, Kate? A. to have written B. to be written with C. to have been written D. to write with 81. Her dress has become loose. She appears _____ weight. A. to lose B. being lost C. losing D. to have lost 82. The building _____ will be completed in a month. It will be our lab building. A. to paint B. being painted C. to have painted D. painting 83. I find these problems are easy _____. A. to be worked out B. to work them out C. to work out D. to be worked them out 84. — What do you think of last night’s lecture? — _____ speaking, I thought it was rather boring. A. Real B. General C. Fair D. Honestly 85. Nancy let me repeat her instruction _____ sure that I understood what was _____ after she was away on business. A. to make; to be done B. making; doing C. to make; to do D. making; to do 86. The purpose of new drugs used on patients is to make them less painful, _____ them more terrible. A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make
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87. As the stone was too heavy to move, I left it _____on the ground. A. laying B. lay C. lying D. lain 88. — I would like to buy an expensive camera. — Well. We have several models _____. A. to choose from B. of choice C. to be chosen D. for choosing 89. Last night I saw Yang Weiwei lying in bed, _____in deep thought. A. lost B. losing C. to lose D. being lost 90. Tigers _____ meat-eating animals _____ meat. A. belonged to; fed on B. belonging to; feed on C. were belonged to; feed on D. belonging to; feeding on 91. — Is it _____ the bad smell that is difficult ? — Of course. A. how getting rid of B. got rid of C. to get rid of D. being got rid of 92. — Have you made up your mind _____ the chance to go to France? — No. I’m practicing _____ the French language. A. to give up; to learn B. to give up; learning C. giving up; to learn D. giving up; learning 93. Never _____ off your coat; it’s rather cold outside. A. take B. taking C. to take D. taken 94. A big factory has been set up in this area _____ such goods for people all over the country. A. to produce B. producing C. produced D. being produced 95. The _____ look in her face suggested that she _____ it before. A. surprising; wouldn’t know B. surprised; hadn’t known C. surprising; hadn’t known D. surprised; shouldn’t know 96. You have no business _____ to me the way you did yesterday. A. about talking B. talking C. talked D. on talking 97. _____ what he can do. He might get a job tomorrow. He might stay out of work for weeks. A. We didn’t know B. He doesn’t know C. There is no knowing D. It was known that 98. John’s bad habit is _____ without thorough understanding. A. read B. being read C. to be read D. reading 99. She reached the top of the hill and stopped _____ on a big rock by the side of the path. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest 100. We must treasure every minute because _____ time is _____ forever. A. lost; losing B. lost; lost C. losing; losing D. losing; lost
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答案及部分解析: 51.A。Believe it or not.常用于口语中,意为“信不信由你。” 52.B。系动词 seem 后通常接不定式,由于有 all the time,故用不定式的进行时。 53.C。with 的复合结构作伴随状语。 54.A。 55.B。 the climbers 与 tell 之间为被动关系,且 tell 所表示的动作发生在 decide 之 前。 56.A。作形容词用的-ing 形式常用来修饰物,作形容词用的-ed 分词常用来修饰 人。 注意:当修饰人的表情、 眼神、眼泪、叫声时,常用-ed 分词,如:excited look(激 动的表情)。 57.B。the guide acting as interpreter 构成独立主格结构在句中作状语。 58.C。由 she’s working in 可知应用不定式的进行时。 59.A。不定式表示目的,相当于 In order to save...。 60.B。be busy doing sth.意为“忙于干某事”;can’t help doing sth.意为“禁不住干 某事”;can’t help (to) do sth.意为“不能帮忙干某事”。 61.B。此题是不定式短语作目的状语,它的逻辑主语必须与主句主语保持一致,只 有 B 项符合。 62.B。stole in, picked up 与 rushed out 作并列谓语。 63.D。此题是“祈使句+and+并列分句”的结构。 64.D。由 have trouble (in) doing sth.可知应用 dealing。 65.A。 连词+-ing 形式作状语时,其主句的主语为它的逻辑主语,故选 A。 D 项多了 连词 and。 66.A。-ing 形式短语所表示的动作与主句谓语所表示的动作几乎同时发生。 67.B。由题意(不是 J.K. Rowling 自己去卖书)可知 A、D 项。 68.B。解析见 56。 69.C。过去分词短语作状语。 70.D。appreciate 后常接-ing 形式作宾语,由题意可知应用其完成时态的被动语 态。 71.C。than supposed 相当于 than it is supposed。 72.D。-ing 形式短语作定语,相当于 which reads “NO PHOTOS”。 73.D。feel like doing sth. 意为“想干某事”;would rather 后接从句,从句中谓语应 用一般过去时态。 74.C。compared to 为固定短语;get down to 中 to 为介词。 75.C。题中 taste 作连系动词。D 项表示“目的”不合题意。 76.C。此题考查 hear sth.done 结构。 77.D。此题考查 prevent sb./sth. from doing sth. 结构,其中 from 在主动语态中 可以省去。 78.A。no good, no use 后常接-ing 形式短语且此处不需要用被动语态。 79.A。这里考查 feel+it+adj./n.+to do sth.结构,不定式作真正的宾语。由题意知 是“已经被带去拜访我”。 80.D。当不定式作定语所修饰的词是不定式所表示动作发生的地点或使用的工 具时,不定式末尾常需加上必要的介词。
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81.D。appear to do sth.意为“好象干某事”,由前句可知应用不定式的完成时。 82.B。-ing 形式的一般体的被动语态作定语,意为“正在被粉刷的”。 83.C。这里考查 sth.+be+adj.+to do 句型。在这一句型中,不定式通常用主动形 式表被动。 84.D。honestly speaking 相当于 to tell (you) the truth。类似的短语有:strictly speaking 严格说来;generally speaking 一般说来;roughly speaking 大体说来等。 85.A。 第一空是不定式短语作目的状语;第二空 what was to be done 相当于 what to do。 86.B。如两个不定式表示并列关系时,后一不定式前可省去 to;表示对比关系时; 不定式符号 to 常保留。 87.C。此处用 lying 意为“平躺,平放”,构成 leave sb.doing sth.结构; lay 作及物动 词时,意为“放;下蛋等”。 88.A。不定式短语作定语。choose from 表示从所给的物品中挑选。 89.A。 90.B。belong to 没有被动形式,故此处只能用其-ing 形式作定语。 91.C。问句为强调句型,强调句子(To get rid of the bad smell is difficult.)的主语。 92.B。make up one’s mind 意为“决定”,后可接不定式或 that 从句作宾语。 93.A。选动词原形构成祈使句。 94.B。 95.B。suggest 意为“暗示”,从句时态根据需要而定。 96.B。 have no business to do/doing sth. 意为“无权做某事”。 97.C。 There is/was no knowing/telling...意为“没法知道或说等”。 98.D。 99.C。stop doing sth.意为“停止正在做的事”; stop to do sth.意为“停下来去做另 外一件事”。 此外,remember doing sth. 意为“记得做过某事” ;remember to do sth. 意为“记住要去做某事”。mean to do sth.意为“打算做某事”;mean doing sth. 意 为“意味着……”。 regret to (say/tell you) sth. 意为“抱歉地(要说/告诉你)某事”; regret doing sth. 意为“后悔做了某事”。 100.B。

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