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动词被动语态特殊用法讲解课件


被动语态各种构成形式
时间 现在 一般时态 进行时态 完成时态

am/is/are/+ done
was/were+done

am/is/are + being +done
was/were+ being +done

has/have+ been+done had been done

will(shall)+have been done would(should)+ have been done

过去

将来

will(shall)+be done
过去将 来

would(should) +be +done

1.不及物动词不用于被动语态, appear,rise,die,happen ,lie, belong to, break out, take place。
注 意 事 项

(1)Great changes have been taken place in my hometown 。( F ) (2)Great changes have taken place in my hometown。( T ) 3 Great events___in our country during the A past 20 years. A. have happened B. happened C. have been happened D. were happened

2:表示状态的动词不能用于被动语态, lack,hold,cost,suit,contain,have。

The book costs 10 yuan。( T ) The book is cost 10 yuan( F ) 3.在被动语态中不可省略to的情况。在主动语态 中,如果感官动词,役使动词的宾语补足语常常有 不带to的不定式,但在被动语态中要带to

(see,hear,watch,observe,notice,listen to,make ,have,help)
We saw him get on the bus He was seen to get on the A streets without pay in the old days. 1 The boy___ bus
A. was made to clean B. made clean C. made to clean D. was made clean

4. 被动语态中,要保持短语动词的完整性,动词 后的介词或副词切不可遗漏

Good care____such things. A.should take of B. should be taken C. should be taking D. should be taken of 5. 主动形式表示被动意义的词。如:look, smell ,taste, feel, prove, wear, sound。等 The flower ___sweet. A is smelling B is smelled C.smells .The desk____soft. A feel B .is felt C. feels D. is feeling

6.某些及物动词后加副词也表示被动意义, wash, write, sell, read, open, cut drive.表 示物本身的特点,属性,功能等 (1)This type of recorder sells well. (2) (2) The novel reads well. (3)The cloth washes easily (4) The box carries easily
7.部分动词(lock, shut, open, act)与can’t /won’t 连用,可用主动表被动,(表示主语因功能受损) (1)The door won’t lock. (2) His car can’t move

8.表示重量,大小,数量,长度,程度的 名词作宾语时,谓语动词用主动表示被动。 (1)The stone weighs a ton. (2)so a person who weighs 90 kilos on earth weighs only 36 kilos on Mars.
measures (3)The room __________(measure)10 x 20sm

9.一些固定结构表示被动含义。

1)be worth doing sth.
seeing (see) The film is well worth _____ 2) deserve/need / want/ require doing=need /want /require to be done. cleaning The room needs _____________(clean) =

The room needs to __________(clean) be cleaned 3)动词不定式前有表性质的形容词.且动词不定式 中的动词与句子主语有动宾关系。The question is easy to answer.
interesting to read. The book is _____________________(读起来有趣) is heavy to carry. The box _______________________( 拿起来很沉)

11.非谓语动词的被动结构 1: Without___________ (invite), he will being invited not go to the party
to be chosen 2:It is an honour ___________(choose)

3:Most film stars don’t being interviewed enjoy______________ (interviewe) having been taken 4:I still remember________________(take) to the Disneyland as a small child. to be shown 5:His film is said_______________(show) in many countries in the near future.

to read (read.) 6:I bought him a story-book_________

to do 7:I have a lot of things _____________ ( do.)
to draw 8. It is too boring ________(draw) after the picture.

to deal 9.The last problem is not easy _________ (deal) with.
10.The work on Mars exploring requires_______________(explore) in detail.

1.His son was madeto _____(read) by him read very night 2.The boy shouted to make himself heard. ______(he ar) 3.I had my bike stolen _____ (steal)yesterday. 4.Did you have the meeting room_______ ? D ? Yes, I had John __________it. ? ? A to clean;clean B cleaned;cleaned ? ? C clean;cleaned D. cleaned; clean ?

作业:
? 作文: 入冬以来,中国大部分城市雾霾严 重地影响到了人们的生活和健康, 对此,写一篇100词左右的文章谈 我们要如何减少雾霾

The boy who cried wolves.


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