扬州中学 2014 届高三英语试卷
第一部分：听力(共两节，满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每 段对话仅读一
遍。 1. What does the man want? A. A tennis game. B. An online game. C. A shooting game. 2. What will the man do next? A. Make dinner. B. Wash the dishes. C. Watch TV. 3. What does the man mean? A. He prefers to keep the window closed. B. He is too busy to open the window. C. He agrees to open the window at once. 4. What is the time now? A. About 5:30. B. About 5:00. C. About 4:30. 5. What does the man suggest doing? A. Pressing the emergency button. B. Calling the service centre. C. Doing nothing for a short while. 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题 给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What did the woman spend $10 on？ A. The taxi. B. The hot dogs. C. The popcorn and drinks. 7. Where did the speakers go just before they went home? A. To the convenience store. B. To the movies. C. To the new hot dog place. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What relation is Ms Leska to the woman? A. Her roommate. B. Her cousin. C. Her workmate. 9. Who will probably meet Kevin at the bus station? A. Claudia. B. Tara. C. Albee. 10. What will the woman do at 3:00 p.m.?
A. Meet the man. B. Look after Ms Leska. C. Teach a class. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. How did the man learn to play instruments? A. He taught himself. B. He learned it at school. C. He learned it at pubs and clubs. 12. What instrument did the man play first? A. The piano. B. Keyboards. C. The drum. 13. When did the man leave school? A. In 1981. B. In 1992. C. In 1997. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. An article. B. A newspaper. C. A minibus. 15. How did the girl fall down on the road? A. She tripped over something. B. She was knocked over by a car. C. She slipped because of the wet road. 16. Who flew out in the accident? A. A car driver. B. A minibus driver. C. A minibus passenger. 17. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The accident took place on Tuesday. B. A truck was involved in the accident. C. The woman witnessed the accident. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. When were the speaker and his friends caught in a storm? A. The second night. B. The fifth night. C. The last night. 19. What was the weather like on the last day? A. Rainy. B. Cloudy. C. Fine. 20. What do we know about the speaker? A. He was persuaded into the trip. B. He walked 100 miles in one week. C. He was disappointed at the trip.
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. On account of fuel supplies being finite and many people being wasteful, we will have to install ________ solar heating device in our home. A. some type of a B. some types of a A. mark B. signal C. sign C. some type of D. gesture D. some types of 22. The priest made the ________ of the cross when he entered the church. 23. The couple ________their old house and sold it for a vast profit.
A. did for days. A. must take ________. A. battle A. something but
B. did in
C. did with
D. did up
24. I went there in 1984, and that was the merely occasion when I ________ the journey in exactly two B. must have made C. was able to make D. could take
25. There are still many problems ahead of us, but by this time next year we can see light at the end of the B. day C. road D. tunnel C. nothing but D. not but
26. I know he failed his last test, but really he?s ________ stupid. B. anything but 27. ________, Mr. Wells is scarcely in sympathy with the working class. A. Although he is a socialist C. Being a socialist B. Even if he is a socialist D. Since he is a socialist
28. Traditionally, local midwives would ________ all the babies in the area. A. handle B. produce C. deliver D. help 29. What?s the chance of ________ a general election this year? A. there being B. there to be C. there be D. there going to be 30. Thousands of people turned out into the streets to ________ against the local authorities? decision to build a highway across the field. A. contradict A. pull back A. so as to B. reform B. pull up B. such as to C. counter D. protest D. pull out D. as much as to 31. Mr. Brown?s condition looks very serious and it is doubtful if he will ________. C. pull through C. such to 32. His remarks were ________ enrage everybody at the meeting. 33. — Joe, don?t forget to bring your laptop with you tomorrow, OK? — Oh, thank you. I wouldn?t bring it if you _____ me. A. wouldn?t remind B. haven?t reminded C. hadn?t reminded D. shouldn?t have reminded 34. _____ more effectively with others, more and more people equip themselves with a higher education. A. Compete B. Being competed C. To compete D. Competing 35. Health experts believe that even a little exercise is far better than _____at all. A. none B. little C. everything D. anything
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Thanks to a combination of young businessmen, large numbers of university students and revitalization (新生) efforts by the local and national governments, today?s Nanjing has an 36 of youthful
exuberance (繁茂) that would have been 37 only a few decades ago. 38 , the city, a booming city of 6.5 million on the banks of the Yangtze River some 185 miles west of Shanghai, bears 39 resemblance to the former capital of China that suffered the worst cruelty and violence of World War II. 40 Nanjing has shown a remarkable capacity for reinvention during its 2,500-year history. And in recent years, the city has moved 41 its tragic past to become a vital engine of China?s economic growth, thanks 42 to its position in the middle of China?s prosperous eastern seaboard. Growth has also 43 thanks to improved ground transportation: A new bullet train linking Nanjing and Shanghai started service last year, 44 travel time between the cities from several hours to just 75 minutes, and a Beijing-Shanghai high-speed line is 45 to open later this year, with a stop in Nanjing. Within the city, two metro lines were built in the last few years; 15 more are planned to begin service by 2030. Signs of Nanjing?s 46 wealth and optimism can be seen everywhere. In the heart of the downtown Xinjiekou district, a bronze statue of Sun Yat-sen, 47 the father of modern China, looks 48 over a busy 49 area. There is perhaps no more 50 symbol of the city?s transformation than the Zifeng Tower, a 1,480-foot skyscraper that opened its doors last May. 51 offices, restaurants and an InterContinental hotel, the tower is the second-tallest building in China and billed as the seventh-tallest in the world. Underlying all this development is a large Chinese and 52 student population — there are several major universities, plus a branch of Johns Hopkins?s international studies school. In fact, art and music 53 in all sorts of places. On a larger 54 , local government officials and private investors are pushing the city as a rising center for contemporary art and architecture, hoping to attract 55 from the neon-bathed streets of its neighbor Shanghai. 36. A. advance B. affection C. air D. ability 37. A. unforgettable B. unthinkable C. unbearable D. unnecessary 38. A. Actually B. Regretfully C. Hopefully D. Consequently 39. A. close B. slight C. much D. little 40. A. Because B. But C. As D. Since 41. A. beyond B. on C. off D. out 42. A. in addition B. in all C. in part D. in fact 43. A. started B. enlarged C. existed D. accelerated 44. A. removing B. cutting C. dividing D. lowering 45. A. scheduled B. invented C. desired D. meant 46. A. attractive B. well-received C. newfound D. discovered 47. A. thought B. treated C. considered D. elected 48. A. out B. at C. about D. for 49. A. remote B. regional C. rural D. commercial 50. A. universal B. visible C. traditional D. political 51. A. Keeping B. Consisting C. Opening D. Housing 52. A. British B. western C. American D. foreign 53. A. spring up B. stand up C. set up D. keep up 54. A. extent B. degree C. scale D. level 55. A. businessmen B. students C. tourists D. painters
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A
In the 19th century, there used to be a model of how to be a good person. There are all these torrents of passion flowing through you. Your job, as captain of your soul, is to erect dams to keep these passions in check. Your job is to just say no to laziness, lust, greed, drug use and the other sins. These days that model is out of fashion. You usually can?t change your behavior by simply resolving to do something. Knowing what to do is not the same as being able to do it. Your willpower is not like a dam that can block the torrent of self-indulgence. It's more like a muscle, which tires easily. Moreover, you're a social being. If everybody around you is overeating, you?ll probably do so, too. The 19th-century character model was based on an understanding of free will. Today, we know that free will is bounded. People can change their lives, but ordering change is not simple because many things, even within ourselves, are beyond our direct control. Much of our behavior, for example, is guided by unconscious habits. Researchers at Duke University calculated that more than 40 percent of the actions we take are governed by habit, not actual decisions. Researchers have also come to understand the structure of habits—cue, routine, reward. You can change your own personal habits. If you leave running shorts on the floor at night, that'll be a cue to go running in the morning. Don?t try to ignore your afternoon snack craving. Every time you feel the cue for a snack, insert another routine. Take a walk. Their research thus implies a different character model, which is supposed to manipulate the neural networks inside. To be an effective person, under this model, you are supposed to coolly examine your own unconscious habits, and the habits of those under your care. You are supposed to devise strategies to alter the cues and routines. Every relationship becomes slightly manipulative, including your relationship with yourself. You're trying to arouse certain responses by implanting certain cues. This is a bit disturbing, because the important habitual neural networks are not formed by mere routine, nor can they be reversed by clever cues. They are burned in by emotion and strengthened by strong yearnings, like the yearnings for admiration and righteousness. If you think you can change your life in a clever way, the way an advertiser can get you to buy an air freshener, you?re probably wrong. As the Victorians understood, if you want to change your life, don?t just look for a clever cue. Commit to some larger global belief. 56. Which of the following is the first-to-none element in the 19th-century character model? A. Action. B. Capacity. C. Resolution. D. Enthusiasm. 57. The research at Duke University indicated that ________
A. One?s behavior is tough to change. B. Habit has an unidentified structure. C. Habit plays a vital role in one's behavior. D. Both habit and will power are of significance. 58. According to the new character model, personal behavior could be altered through A. techniques to break old routines. B. techniques to provide different physical cues. C. cues to change all the former unconscious habits. D. cues to manipulate the habitual neural responses.
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60. What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 3? A. The different types of the products. B. The high quality of the products. C. The quick service of 1234 PENS. D. The trade shows of 1234 PENS. 61. What is special about the pens produced in 1234 PENS? A. They are designed in 16 styles. B. They come in 48 different colours. C. Their material is less harmful to the earth. D. Their price is much lower in the pen market. 62. The main purpose of the passage is to _____. A. persuade people to order the products B. explain the process of making logo pens C. show people how to choose different pens D. introduce the different services of 1234 PENS
The extraordinary Eastgate Building in Harare, Zimbabwe?s capital city, is said to be the only one in the world to use the same cooling and heating principles as the termite mound(白蚁堆). Architect Mick Pearce used precisely the same strategy when designing the Eastgate Building, which has no air-conditioning and almost no heating. The building—the country?s largest commercial and shopping complex—uses less than 10% of the energy of a conventional building of its size. The Eastgate?s owners saved $3.5 million on a $36 million building because an air-conditioning plant didn?t have to be imported. The complex is actually two buildings linked by bridges across a shady, glass-roofed atrium(天井) open to the air. Fans suck fresh air in from the atrium, blow it upstairs through hollow spaces under the floors and from there into each office through baseboard vents(通风口). As it rises and warms, it is drawn out via ceiling vents and finally exists through forty-eight brick chimneys. During summer?s cool nights, big fans blow air through the building seven times an hour to cool the empty floors. By day, smaller fans blow two changes of air an hour through the building, to circulate the air which has been in contact with the cool floors. For winter days, there are small heaters in the vents. This is all possible only because Harare is 1600 feet above sea level, has cloudless skies, little dampness and rapid temperature swings—days as warm as 31℃ commonly drop to 14℃ at night. “You couldn?t do this in New York, with its fantastically hot summers and fantastically cold winters,” Pearce said. The engineering firm of Ove Arup&Partners monitors daily temperatures. It is found that the temperature of the building has generally stayed between 23℃ and 25℃, with the exception of the annual hot period just before the summer rains in October and three days in November, when a doorkeeper accidentally switched off the fans at night. And the air is fresh—far more so than in air-conditioned buildings, where up to 30% of the air is recycled. 63. Why was Eastgate cheaper to be built than a conventional building? A. It was designed in a smaller size. B. No air conditioners were fixed in. C. Its heating system was less advanced.
D. It used rather different building materials. 64. What does “it” refer to in Paragraph 3? A. Fresh air from outside. B. Heat in the building. C. Hollow space. D. Baseboard vent. 65. Why would a building like Eastgate Not work efficiently in New York? A. New York has less clear skies as Harare. B. Its dampness affects the circulation of air. C. New York covers a larger area than Harare. D. Its temperature changes seasonally rather than daily. 66. The data in the last paragraph suggests Eastgate?s temperature control system_____. A. allows a wide range of temperatures B. functions well for most of the year C. can recycle up to 30% of the air D. works better in hot seasons
Is the ?Go to College? Message Overdone? Even in a weak job market, the old college try isn?t the answer for everyone. A briefing paper from the Brookings Institution warns that “we may have overdone the message” on college, senior fellow Isabel Sawhill said. “We?ve been telling students and their families for years that college is the only way to succeed in the economy and of course there?s a lot of truth to that,” Ms. Sawhill said. “On average it does pay off… But if you load up on a whole lot of student debt and then you don?t graduate, that is a very bad situation.” One comment that people often repeat among the years of slow job growth has been the value of education for landing a job and advancing in a career. April?s national unemployment rate stood at 7.5%, according to the Labor Department. The unemployment rate for high-school graduates over 25 years old who hadn?t attended college was 7.4%, compared with 3.9% for those with a bachelor?s degree or more education. The difference is even bigger among those aged 16-24. The jobless rate for those with only a high school diploma in that age group is about 20%. At the same time, recent research by Canadian economists cautions that a college degree is no guarantee of promising employment. Ms. Sawhill pointed out that among the aspects that affect the value of a college education is the field of one?s major: Students in engineering or other sciences end up earning more than ones who major in the arts or education. The cost of tuition and the availability of financial aid are other considerations, with public institutions generally a better financial bargain than private ones. She suggested two avenues for improving the situation: increasing vocational( 职业的 )-technical training programs and taking a page from Europe?s focus on early education rather than post-secondary learning. “The European countries put a little more attention to getting people prepared in the primary grades,” she said. “Then they have a higher bar for whoever goes to college—but once you get into college, you?re more likely to be highly subsidized(资助).” She also is a supporter of technical training—to teach students how to be plumbers, welders and computer programmers—because “employers are desperate” for workers with these skills. 67. People usually think that _____. A. the cost of technical schooling is a problem
B. one will not succeed without a college degree C. technical skills are most important for landing a job D. there is an increased competition in getting into a college 68. What does the underlined part “taking a page from” mean? A. Hearing from. B. Changing from. C. Differing from. D. Learning from. 69. What can we infer from the passage? A. Public institutions charge more for education. B. European universities are stricter with students. C. Students with certain skills are in great demand. D. Canadian students prefer to major in engineering. 70. Ms. Sawhill may probably agree that _____. A. too much stress has been put on the value of college degrees B. technical training is more important than college education C. a college degree will ensure promising employment D. it?s easier for art students to find favorite jobs
第四部分：任务型阅读(共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分)
请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填上一个最恰当的单词。注意： 请将答案写在答题纸上。 Imagine living in a country torn by war. Or maybe you live in a place where there are few jobs and little chance to earn a living. Your family decides to move — not to another town, but to another country. You and your family have become immigrants. People are called immigrants when they move to a foreign country to make their homes. People become immigrants for many reasons. The most common one is economic opportunities. Most immigrants are attracted to other countries by the promise of jobs, farmland, or business opportunities. Other people become immigrants in order to get away from mistreatment or natural disasters. They are refugees. Some refugees move to avoid wars and political unrest. Others are seeking freedom to express their religious views. Still others are uprooted by disasters, such as terrible flooding or drought. Some people have become immigrants against their will. Captured in Africa, shipped to foreign lands and forced to work as slaves, many early African immigrants to North and South America came in chains. Except for Native Americans, all people came to the United States from someplace else. For nearly 500 years, immigrants have landed on America?s shores seeking a better life. Throughout American history, immigrants often worked low-paying, dangerous jobs that other people refused to do. Immigrants from around the world helped shape American life. Many immigrants absorbed the customs and language common to most Americans. They also brought their own traditions, including music and foods. Over time, many of these traditions have become part of American life. The first European immigrants to America hoped to colonize new lands. By the mid-1500s, Spaniards had ventured into Florida, California, and the American Southwest. French immigrants arrived in the early 1600s and built their first colony in Canada. The English also arrived in the early 1600s. They established 13 colonies along America?s Atlantic Coast.
In the 1700s, England became the major power in colonial North America. But many European immigrants came to live in the English colonies. They included people from Sweden, Holland, Germany, Scotland, and Ireland. Immigrants still come to the United States seeking freedom and economic opportunities. Most new immigrants no longer come from Europe. They come mainly from Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Asia. Today, the U.S. government limits the number of immigrants into the country each year. People who sneak illegally into the United States are called illegal immigrants, who, if caught, would be sent back to their home countries. Key Points (71) ▲ Detailed Information Immigrants are those who move to a foreign country to make their homes. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Most people come for (72) ▲ opportunities, such as good jobs, farmlands, or business opportunities. Some move to the US to (73) ▲away from wars or disasters. Some people immigrate to(74) ▲for religious freedom. Some people have become immigrants (75) ▲, like many early African immigrants. French immigrants (76) ▲Canada in the early 1600s and built their first colony there. The English also came to the early 1600s and (77) ▲ thirteen colonies along America?s Atlantic Coast. In the 1700s, European immigrants came to live in the English colonies, people from Sweden, Holland and etc. are (78) ▲. (79) ▲ from the past, the origins of most new immigrants are mainly Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Asia, instead of Europe. The US government erects dams to (80) ▲the number of immigrants into the country each year in check. Illegal immigrants, if caught, would be sent back to their home countries.
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 As we all know, the “(passenger) transport during the Spring Festival period” has been a hot phrase all through the China land. The volume of passenger traffic(客运量) reaches its climax before and after the Spring Festival. Especially, the number of those who decide to go back to their hometown by train is increasing rapidly, so it promotes the short of the tickets of passenger train. Luckily, the Ministry of Railways(铁道部) has come up with solutions. For instance, it arranges extra trains during the peak time for passenger transport as well as opens 24-hour ticket sales windows for passengers in order to ease the traffic pressure. Moreover, it helps to deliver train tickets to the doorsteps, providing convenience for passengers.
One thing that has to be mentioned this year is about start of selling tickets on-line this year. For one thing, it to some degree shortens the time of purchasing tickets. However, most of the passengers are migrant workers returning home for Spring Festival. They are not familiar with the process of buying tickets and as a result cannot buy the tickets on time. What is worse, many computers selling tickets broke down under too much pressure of operation. Therefore, many people blame such a method in that it doesn?t suit nowadays? situation. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 个词对“春运”进一步叙写，内容包括： （1） 自己亲身经历或者听闻