Module 3 Body Language and Non-Verbal Communication
Writing & Cultural Corner
Writing 1--Read the invitations and answer the questions. (1) Who is th
e first invitation from? Mr. and Mrs. Harry Blunkett
(2) Who is the second invitation from? Sylvia
(3) Which one is formal? How do
The first invitation is formal.
We know because of the language used.
Writing 2--Look at these expressions. Which are formal, and which are informal?
pleased to accept /unable to accept/ thanks a lot /I’m very sorry The key: “ Thanks a lot” is informal; the other three are formal.
Writing 3--Write a short reply to
one of the invitations. Use one of the expressions from activity 2.
Dear Mr and Mrs Blunkett, I was
delighted to receive the invitation to your
daughter’s wedding on March 5th. I am very pleased to accept, and look forward to meeting you there. Yours sincerely, Peter J. Smith
Dear Sylvia, Thanks a lot for your invitation, but I’m very sorry I can’t go, because an unexpected guest is going to call on me on that day. Yours sincerely, ×××
Cultural Corner 1----Look at the following pictures and answer the following questions
(1) What is the passage about? The passage is about the reason why we clap and the history of clapping, the features of applause. (2) Why do people clap? To show that they like something. (3) How many countries are mentioned in the passages? Three countries.
Cultural Corner-2 Careful Reading Read the passage and answer the following questions
(1) What is the main idea of the first paragraph? The reasons why we clap.
(2) On what occasion do people clap? We clap at the end of a live
performance, such as a play, or a
concert, to say thank you to the
(3) What is the main idea of the 2nd
The custom of clapping has early
beginnings. (4) What did applause mean in classical Athens? Applause meant judgment and taking part.
(5) What did the prolonged clapping help? Prolonged clapping helped a play to win. (6) What is the definition of applause? Applause was a sign of being part of the community, and of equality between actors and audience.
(7) What is the features of clapping?
Clapping is social, like laughter, it is infectious, and spreads very quickly.
(8) Do people from different cultures clap
on the same occasions?
No, some occasions on which people clap
change from one country to another.
1.We clap at the end of a live performance a live performance 现场演出
live adj. 活的, 生动的, 精力充沛的, 直播的
The cat is playing with a live mouse.
It wasn’t a recorded show, it was live.
(1) alive、live、living都有“活的、有生命 的”意思，与dead意义相反。但live通常只 作前置定语，且一般用于动物；alive、 living 不仅可作定语（alive只能置于名词 后；living一般置于名词前，也可置于名词 后），也可以作表语。 如： This is a live (=living) fish. (=This is a fish alive.) 这是一条活鱼。（指动物，且作定语时， 三者均可用） Who's the greatest man alive (=living man)? 谁是当今最伟大的人物？
（指人，不能用live）The fish is still alive (=living) 那条鱼还活着。（指动物 作表语时不能用live）。 （2）living主要指在某个时候是活着 的，而alive指本来有死的可能，但仍活 着的。而且作主语补足语或宾语补足语 时，只能用alive；作比喻义（如“活 像?? ”、“活生生的”等）解时，要 用 living。 如： The enemy officer was caught alive. (作主语补足语，不用living） 那位敌方军官被活捉了。
We found the snake alive. （作宾语补足 语，不用living） He is the living image of his father.（比喻 义，不用alive） 他活象他父亲。 （3）只有living前加the方可表示“活着 的 人”，作主语时，视作复数。 如：The living are more important to us than the dead. 活着的人对我们来说比死去的人更 重要。
(4) lively 有“活泼的、快活的、生 动的”等意思，可以指人或物，可作 定语或标语；但它没有“活着的”意 思，而其他三个都有。 如：Young children are usually lively. 小孩子们通常是活泼的。 He told a very lively story. 他讲了一个生动的故事。
2. In classical Athens, applause meant judgment and taking part. mean doing 意味着做某事 mean to do sth. 打算做某事 错过这班车就意味着再等一个小时。 Missing this bus means waiting for another hour. 很抱歉伤害了你，但是我并不像这样。 I’m sorry that I have hurt you, but I didn’t mean to.
3. …, and a prolonged clapping helped a play to win. prolong vt. 延长??, 拉长?? 会议可能要延长到夜里, 因为今晚有太多 问题要解决。 The meeting may be prolonged into the evening because so many problems have to be solved tonight.
我们多停留两三天好吗？ Shall we prolong our stay for a few days?
4. It can hold 14,000 people, half the
adult male population of the city.
hold v. 握住, 拿着, 持有, 容纳, 占领，支
撑住，保持注意, 有??兴趣 n. 把握, 控制, 船舱
这座城市已被敌人占领。 The city is held by the enemy. 我给你拍照的那一刹那, 你不要动。 Hold yourself still for a moment while I take your photograph. 我们因害怕而屏住呼吸。 We held our breath in fear. 我们正在开会。 We are holding a meeting.
我设法抓住了那个瓶子才未跌落。 I managed to hold the bottle before it fell. 她现在当首相，任期之长在本世纪是前 所未有的。 She has now held the post of Prime Minister longer than anyone else this century. 我看这辆汽车坐不下你们这些人。 I don’t think the car will hold you all.
我的新汽车贴路性能很好。 My new car holds the road well. 那座桥不能负载那样的重量。 The bridge can’t hold that much weight. 电视播放的体育节目比赛不能引起我 的兴趣。 Televised sports couldn’t hold my interest.
5. Applause was a sign of being part of the community, and of equality between actors and audience. equality: n. 同等,平等 我不相信能力均等, 但我确实相信机会均 等。 I do not believe in equality of capacity, but I do believe in equality of opportunity.
Women are still struggling for true equality with men.
6. It is infectious and spreads very
infectious adj. 有感染力的；传染的
他对他的选民表现出很有感染力的热情。 He expressed infectious enthusiasm to
流感的传染性很强。 The flu is highly infectious.
6. But some occasions on which people clap change from one country to another. on occasion 时刻, 时候, 场合
此时/彼时 on this/that occasion 有一次 on one occasion 我最近见到过她好几次。 I’ve met her on several occasions recently.
This is not an occasion for laughter/to laugh.
occasion 做先行词用when/on which 引导。 人们在许多场合下不能自由的表达自己。 There are some occasions when people can’t express themselves freely.
Task---1. Prepare some social advice for visitors to China. Activity 1 work in pairs. Make a list of social situations to write about. Choose from these topics, or think of others. ? meeting people ? going to somebody’s house ?Eating a meal ?Conversation topics ?Giving gifts
Activity 2 Write a short paragraph on each
topic beginning with if you or when you and
use should(n’t) and must(n’t) Example: When you meet people for the
first time you should shake hands.
Activity 3 Work in groups. Compare your
?Review what you have learned. ?Get ready for the next period of class.