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高考英语词汇及解析I-J-K


高考英语词汇解解析 I-J-K
I-J-K 1.idea n. have some/ no idea + 从句 / of …

I have no idea why she left. / I have no idea of his address.
2. ◎identityn The police are trying to discov

er the identity of the killer. The thief used a false identity. identity card=ID card 4.illadj 1) ill 与 sick 的区别 He was ill/ sick. a sick mother 2) = bad have a bad/ an ill effect on…影响不好 speak/ think ill of sb. 说某人的坏话 5. ◎illegal / legal adj. It is illegal to drive through a red light. illegally adv. He entered the country illegally. 6.imaginev.imaginesth. / doing sth. I can’t imagine life without

the children now. I can’t imagine his becoming a teacher.
7.◎immediately adv. He answered almost immediately. Turn right immediately after the church. conj. Immediately he had gone,I remembered her name. immediate adj. an immediate reaction / response take immediate action 8. ●import 进口,输入 n. the import of electrical goods. v. All the meat is imported from France. 9. ◎impression n. a) get a good / bad impression of sb a general / an overall impression b) My words made no impression on her. His trip to India makes a strong impression on him. c) be under the impression that I was under the impression that the work had already been completed. impress v. impresssb with sth / sb He impressed us with his sincerity. impresssth on / upon sb He impressed on us the need for immediate action. impresssth / itself on / upon sth Her words impressed themselves on my memory. 11.inprep. 1 in a word 一句话说○ ○ 2 in all 总共 3 in modern times ○ 4 be measured in tons 用吨来衡量 ○

5 in that… 因为 She was lucky in that she had friends to help her . ○ ○ in the eighteenth century/ in the1990s 6 ○ 7 in one’s twenties 8 in pencil/ English/ ink 用铅笔/英语/墨水○ ○ 9 pay sth in cash 10 ○ The wall is 3meters in height/high. / The rope is 3 meters in

length/long. 12.includev.Everyone laughed, including me. (me included.) 13. increase 1) v. increase to / by 增加到/了 2) n Great demands lead to a large increase in supply.
increasingly adv. 越来越多的,不断增加的 increasingly difficult/ important/ popular 15. ◎indicate A red sky at night often indicated fine weather the next day. In his letter, he indicated to us that he was willing to cooperate. indication n. indication of sth / doing sth They gave no indication of how the work should be done . 16. ◎industry n.------ industrial adj. heavy / light industry 17. influence n. have a strong… ~ on/ upon sb / sth ~over sb /sth His parents no longer have any ~ over her. under the ~ of sb / sth He committed the crime under the ~ of the drugs. Those friends are a bad ~ on her. v. His writings have ~d the lives of millions. 18.●inform 告诉,通知 inform sb. of /that We regret to inform you that your application has been rejected. keep sb. informed of make informed decision 19.◎injure v. He ~d his knee playing football. This could seriously ~the company’s reputation. injury n. injuries There were no injuries in the crash. The players are out of the team because of injury. 20. ◎insert v. ~ sth in / into/ between sth They ~a tube in his mouth to help him breathe. ~ sth into sth He ~ed a paragraph into his will. 1The man insisted that he hadn’t stolen anything and 21. insist v. ○

that he (should) be set free.
○ insist on doing sth. 2 22. ◎inspect v. inspection n. inspector n. The teacher walked around inspecting their work.

23. ◎instant n/ adj.

------ instantly

adv.

adj. The show was an ~success. ~coffee / noodles n. I will be back in an ~. At the very~, the door opened. I recognized her the ~ I saw her. 24.insteadadv. Lee was ill, so I went instead. / He didn’t reply.

Instead, he left.
insteadof: Now I can walk to work instead of going by car. 25.◎instruct v. ~ sb to do She arrived at 10 o’ clock as ~ed. The letter ~him to report to headquarters immediately. instruction n. follow one’s instructions carry out / ignore one’s ~s 26.●insure 给…保险 vt. Have you insured the contents of your home? 27.●intend 想要,打算 intend (sb.)to do I intend to spend the night there. intend that It is intended that these meetings will become a regular event. be intended for sb./sth The book, intended for children aged 5-7,sells well. 28.◎intention n ~ of doing sth / to do sth I have no ~ of going to the wedding. I had every~ of paying her back what I owe her. She is full of good ~s. He left England with the ~ of traveling in Africa. 29.interest1) v. interest sb. I bought the book that interested me most. 2) n.○ 1兴趣(U) show /have / feel/ express (an) interest in… lose interest in… I watched the game with interest. 2利益(C) 常用复数形式 protect customers’ interests ○ 3 a place of interest/ places of interest ○ 30.◎interpreter n. interpret v. ~ the poem ~ sth as~ I didn’t know whether to ~ her silence as acceptance or refusal. ~ forsb Her children ~for her. 31. ◎interview n. a television / newspaper / radio ~ v. Which post are you being ~ed for? If you don’t ~well , you are unlikely to get the job. interviewee /interviewer n. 32. introducev.introductionn. ○ 1 introduce sb. to sb./ oneself 2 introduce sb. to sth.使初次了解 It was she who first introduced me to ○

the pleasures of sailing。
○introduce new technology 3 ○ an introduction to English grammar 4 33.jamn. traffic jam 34.the Japanese language 35.joinv.○ 1join the party/ army 2join sb. in sth. / doing sth. ○ 3join in the game ○ 4join hands with sb. ○ 5连接 join A to B./ join A and B ○ The island is joined to the mainland

by a bridge. 36.joken.○ 1play a joke on sb. 2have/ make a joke with sb. ○ 37.joyn.○ 1 (much) to one’s joy 2light up with joy ○ 38.judgen.裁判;法官 The judge sentenced him to five years in prison. 1) v.○ 1Don’t judge a book by its cover. 不要以貌取人○ 2 judge by /
from

Judging by his letter, they are having a wonderful time. judgementn.判决 pass judgement on sb/ sth 通过对…的判决 39.keepv.○ 1 keep (on)doing 一直做… Why do you keep laughing all the time?你为什么一直在笑? He is always keeping (on ) asking me the same question.
2 keep a secret/ one’s word/ a record ○ ○ 3 keep sb / sth from doing ○ keep the door open/ her waiting/ sb. in bed/ sb. informed of… 4 5 keep calm/ healthy/ left ○ 6 keep sheep 养羊 ○ 7 keep up with 跟上 ○ keep up (天气)持续不变 The rain kept up all

afternoon.
keep back 抑制, ,忍住 keep sth back from sb. 向某人隐瞒 keep away from 远离 keep off 不接触 Keep off grass! 40.the key to success 成功的关键 41.kindadj .be kind to sb. 对某人友好 2) n. a kind of / all kinds of kind of 稍微有点儿 That made me feel kind of stupid. 42. go / get down on one’s knees 43.knockv.○ 1knock at the door 敲门○ 2knock around/ about 漫游/ 虐待 3knock down 撞到/拆掉 ○ knock over 撞翻 44.knowv.○ 1know of/ about 知道获悉了解○ 2 be known for/ as ○ 3get to know sb. 逐渐了解… 45.knowledge n. 1Knowledge is power. ○ 2have a good knowledge of… ○


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